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SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Arteriosclerosis

Arteriosclerosis is the thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of arteries. This process restricts the blood flow to one's organs and tissues and can lead to severe health risks brought on by atherosclerosis, a specific form of arteriosclerosis caused by the buildup of fatty plaques and some other substances in and on the artery walls, it can be brought on by a bad diet, or many genetic factors. Atherosclerosis is the primary cause of coronary artery disease and stroke, with multiple genetic and environmental contributions. Genetic-epidemiologic studies have identified a long list of genetic and non-genetic risk factors for CAD. However, such studies indicate; the signs and symptoms of arteriosclerosis may include sudden weakness, facial or lower limb numbness, difficulty understanding speech, problems seeing. The lesions of arteriosclerosis begin as the intima of the arterial wall start to fill up with the deposition of cellular wastes; as these start to mature, they can take different forms of arteriosclerosis.

All are linked through common features such as the stiffening of arterial vessels, thickening of arterial walls and degenerative nature of the disease. Arteriolosclerosis, unlike atherosclerosis, is a sclerosis that only affects small arteries and arterioles, which carry nutrients and blood to the cells. Atherosclerosis is the narrowing of arteries from a build up of plaque made up of cholesterol, fatty substances, cellular waste products and fibrin, inside the arteries; this affects medium-sized arteries. Monckeberg's arteriosclerosis or medial calcific sclerosis is seen in the elderly in arteries of the extremities. Hyperplastic: Hyperplastic arteriosclerosis refers to the type of arteriosclerosis that affects large and medium-sized arteries. Hyaline type: Hyaline arteriosclerosis referred to as arterial hyalinosis and arteriolar hyalinosis, refers to lesions that are caused by the deposition of homogenous hyaline in the small arteries and arterioles. Diagnosis of an individual suspected of having arteriosclerosis can be based on a physical exam, blood test, EKG and the results of these tests.

Treatment is in the form of preventive measures of prophylaxis. Medical therapy is prescribed to help prevent arteriosclerosis for underlying conditions, such as medications for the treatment of high cholesterol, medications to treat high blood pressure, antiplatelet medications. Lifestyle changes are advised, such as increasing exercise, stopping smoking, moderating alcohol intake. There are a variety of types of surgery: Angioplasty and stent placement: A catheter is first inserted into the blocked or narrowed part of the artery, followed by a second one with a deflated balloon, passed through the catheter into the narrowed area; the balloon is inflated, pushing the deposits back against the arterial walls, a mesh tube is left behind to prevent the artery from retightening. Coronary artery bypass surgery: This surgery creates a new pathway for blood to flow to the heart; the surgeon attaches a healthy piece of vein to the coronary artery, just above and below the blockage to allow bypass. Endarterectomy: This is the general procedure for the surgical removal of plaque from the artery that has become narrowed or blocked.

Thrombolytic therapy: This is a treatment used to break up masses of plaque inside the arteries via intravenous clot-dissolving medicine. In 2008, the US had an estimate of 5.8 million strokes. Cardiovascular diseases that were caused by arteriosclerosis caused 812,000 deaths in 2008, more than any other cause, including cancer. About 1.2 million Americans are predicted to have a heart attack each year. The diagnostics and clinical implications of this disease were not recognized until the 20th century. Many cases have been observed and recorded, Jean Lobstein coined the term arteriosclerosis while he was analyzing the composition of calcified arterial lesions; the name comes from the Greek words ἀρτηρία and σκληρωτικός. Https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriosclerosis-atherosclerosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20350569 Lusis, Aldons J. "Genetics of Atherosclerosis". Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics. 5: 189–218. Doi:10.1146/annurev.genom.5.061903.175930. PMC 3362664. PMID 15485348

Money, A Mythology of Darkness

Money, A Mythology of Darkness is a feature Greek film directed by the Greek director and producer Vassilis Mazomenos. It was the first European feature 3D animation film and was awarded in 1998 with the Greek Ministry of Culture National Cinema Award and in 1999 with the Special Jury Award in Fantasporto. In 1999 had the Nomination for the Best European Fantasy Film and presented in a lot of festivals around the world such as Sitges Film Festival, Puchon International Fantastic Film Festival. Art director and animation director of the film was Antonis Doussias; as Vrasidas Karalis wrote in A History of Greek Cinema: Vassilis Mazomenos "released his mesmerizing and terrifying apocalyptic phantasmagoria Money—A mythology of Darkness in 1998. A visual essay on the impact of money on humanity, it is a film that deserves more attention and which proves the potential of new technologies in the creation of a new kind of cinematic language. With this film, Mazomenos created a trilogy of philosophical essays by means of visual experimentations."

Part of the film trilogy about the end of the West, presented and awarded in the 2001 retrospective in Fantasporto

Statue of George V, Westminster

The statue of George V in Old Palace Yard, London, is a sculpture of George V, King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, Emperor of India. The statue was sculpted prior to the Second World War and was hidden in a quarry during the war years. Other locations were suggested for the statue, including Parliament Square, but it was unveiled opposite the House of Lords in 1947; the statue is made of Portland stone. It is located south opposite the House of Lords, it is a Grade II listed structure, having become so on 5 February 1970. It was announced in March 1937 by the Lord Mayor of London that William Reid Dick had been selected as the sculptor of a statue of George V. Giles Gilbert Scott was selected to design the architecture of the plinth. A location in Abingdon Street opposite the House of Lords was announced in October 1937; the construction was organised by the King George V National Memorial Committee. The original design proved controversial and resulted in some criticism: it was to feature an ornate Gothic canopy which critics described as "dwarfing" the statue itself.

Following a public consultation this feature was removed from designs. The Amenities groups of both the House of Commons and the House of Lords opposed the citing of the statue facing the House of Lords as they were concerned it would lead to the demolition of No. 6 and 7 Old Palace Yard and houses in a nearby street. A model of the statue was exhibited in the Member's tea room of the House of Commons; the Royal Fine Art Commission suggested that the statue should be located in Parliament Square instead of opposite the House of Lords. The construction of the statue took place on Portland prior to the Second World War, but the danger of bringing the statue to London prevented the erection of it until after the war; the carving of the statue took place in the Portland quarry from which the stone was produced, during the war years it was placed inside one of the quarry's tunnels on the Island in order to prevent it from potential damage due to German bombing raids. Following the war it was moved to the Tate Gallery.

The statue was placed in the original proposed spot opposite the House of Lords, which required the demolition of No. 5 Old Palace Yard. It was unveiled by King George VI, on 22 October 1947 and was attended by Queen Elizabeth, Queen Mary, Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret. In 1968, the symbol of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament was drawn on the side of the plinth, provoking the question of its removal to be raised by Dudley Smith MP in the House of the Commons. British Pathe footage of the unveiling of the statue

Strike Me Lucky

Strike Me Lucky is a 1934 Australian comedy musical film starring popular stage comic Roy Rene in his first and only film. It proved a box office disappointment. ‘Mo’ McIsaac and his sidekick Donald try to find work to support a young orphan girl he finds dancing for pennies in the street, unaware she is the missing daughter of rich aristocrat, Major Burnett. Gangster Al Baloney and Mae West impersonator Kate kidnap the girl and Mo is blamed for her disappearance. Mo and Donald take off into the bush looking for a gold mine, where they are attacked by a tribe of aboriginal cannibals before discovering their names are cleared. Other plots include a young couple, Margot Burnett and Larry McCormack, finding love, a ballet of dancers performs periodically. In the early 1930s, Roy Rene was one of the most popular stage comics in Australia. Bert Bailey and George Wallace had managed to transfer their on-stage popularity to the screen in a series of films, so Ken G. Hall thought he would try to do the same for Rene.

Hall wrote: The luck we'd had with our first three films all hitting the jackpot was phenomenal. The odds against getting a second winner after The Selection were high in those still-tough times; that sort of luck just could not last. It didn't; the movie would be Cinesound's fourth feature film. Hall intended to make Robbery Under Arms but was concerned about filming that during winter and so postponed the project, electing to make the Rene film instead; the original title was Swastikas for Luck, was described as "a musical farce with a semi-serious background". It was to "feature many phases of suburban and bush life in Australia", it was the first movie from Cinesound Productions, not based on a play adapted from a novel, being an original story. Hall said he was "desperately short of writers comedy writers" so he assigned theteam of Vic Roberts and George D. Parker, who had just written Cinesound Varieties for Hall. Roberts wrote some lyrics for songs used in the movie, while Parker doubled as dialogue director.

Hall admitted. He reflected: The Parker-Roberts combination did not do well on the Varieties script and I should have made changes for the much more important Strike Me Lucky film; the script was full of ridiculous situations. I had and I'm afraid still have, a developed sense of the ridiculous. Maybe too developed because that brand of humour does not appeal to everyone, although it worked so well with George Wallace. Cast member'Baby' Pamela Bevan was only five years old and was advertised as "Australia's Shirley Temple"; the female ingenue part was played by 18-year-old actor from amateur theatre and an acting family, Lorraine Smith. Cinesound doubled the size of their studio to make the film, in anticipation for what they thought would be a boost in production following the introduction of a film quota. Shooting took place in July 1934, going for seven weeks. Over a hundred extras were used in some scenes, a record for Australian interiors; the musical numbers done by musical director of the State Theatre, Sydney.

Rene was paid £70 a week for his performance, high for an Australian actor in films, third only to Bert Bailey and George Wallace. He admitted he did not enjoy acting on film as he missed the stimulation of a live performance and disliked the repetition. On August 18, scenes from the film were broadcast nationally as part of a promotion; the movie's world premiere was held in October 1934 coinciding with the opening of the extension of Cinesound's Studios at Waverly. NSW Premier Betram Stevens was present; the film was refused registration under the quality clause of the New South Wales quota act, but still found release through Cinesound's associated company, British Empire Films. Reviews were not strong; the critic from the Sydney Morning Herald stated that: One must, in fairness, record the fact that... audience... seemed to enjoy the film immensely. Every new exploit by "Mo" created a running fire of laughter.... He is a good deal less funny. On the stage he gained most of his effects through a extempore style.

He would play straight at the audience, wait patiently, wearing his inimitably grotesque expression, until each roar of mirth had died away. But... the cinema audience and the figure photographed on celluloid exist in different worlds. Picture-goers can scream their heads off; that is. An experienced director of Hollywood farce could have reshaped the comedian's style to fit the new medium; as for the plot and the dialogue, one had best relapse into a resigned silence.... Brings in kangaroos and emus and incredible burlesque aborigines for the mere sake of showing them. A good deal of American influence comes in, too. For no discoverable reason Miss Yvonne Banvard goes through her part in exact and avowed impersonation of Mae West; the gangsters all talk American slang. The

AMVER

AMVER, or Automated Mutual-Assistance Vessel Rescue System is a worldwide voluntary reporting system sponsored by the United States Coast Guard. It is a computer-based global ship-reporting system used worldwide by search and rescue authorities to arrange for assistance to persons in distress at sea. With AMVER, rescue coordinators can identify participating ships in the area of distress and divert the best-suited ship or ships to respond. Participating in AMVER does not put ships under any additional obligation to assist in search and rescue efforts, beyond that, required under international law; the beginnings of the AMVER system finds its roots in the RMS Titanic disaster in 1912. Ships passing within sight of the ill-fated passenger liner were unaware that it had hit an iceberg and was sinking. Upon investigation, those who had seen the distress flares from the stricken ship admitted they thought they were part of the maiden voyage celebrations; as late as the mid-twentieth century the world's commercial shipping fleet and burgeoning air transport system lacked an available full-time, global emergency reporting system.

On April 15, 1958, the United States Coast Guard and commercial shipping representatives began discussions which led to the creation of AMVER. Known as the Atlantic Merchant Vessel Emergency Reporting System, it became operational on July 18, 1958. AMVER began as an experiment, confined to waters of the North Atlantic Ocean, notorious for icebergs and winter storms. Vice Admiral Alfred C. Richmond, Coast Guard Commandant at the time, called on all commercial vessels of U. S. and foreign registry, over 1,000 gross tons and making a voyage of more than 24 hours, to voluntarily become AMVER participants. The basic premise of AMVER, as a vehicle for mariner to help mariner without regard to nationality, continues to this day; the first home of the AMVER Center was at the New York Custom House in downtown New York City, due to the fact that many commercial cargo and passenger lines operating in the Atlantic maintained offices nearby, AMVER's success would depend on close ties to the merchant fleet.

The system's first computer was an IBM RAMAC, characterized as being able to "evaluate information and determine the position of vessels through dead reckoning." The product of the computer was a "Surface Picture" or "SURPIC" of an area of the ocean, indicating the AMVER participating ships in the vicinity. In 1966, the Coast Guard moved its regional headquarters from the Custom House to Governors Island, in upper New York Bay; the move included the AMVER Center and consolidated all New York area Coast Guard activities, including a Rescue Coordination Center, at one site. One year after the move, AMVER's title was revised to read Automated Merchant VEssel Reporting program. Subsequent homes for the AMVER computer would include Washington, D. C.. In October 1982, the first joint AMVER/satellite-alerting rescue occurred, using the experimental ARGOS and Cospas-Sarsat system. December of that year saw the U. S. Maritime Administration and the Coast Guard sign an agreement making AMVER participation mandatory for U.

S.-flag shipping, suspending the requirement for the filing of reports to the overlapping USMER reporting system. This benefited many U. S. masters AMVER participants, who were juggling reports to two parallel systems, allowed for a consolidated plot of all U. S. shipping worldwide. With the advent of the Global Maritime Distress Safety System, the role of AMVER was redefined to complement the emerging technology. Rescue coordination centers around the world began using Electronic Position Indicating Radio Beacons, Inmarsat-C and Digital Selective Calling terminal auto-alarms to "take the search out of search and rescue." Attention could be turned to AMVER as a tool for the rescue phase of the operation. The beginning of the 1990s saw the need for the entire software package of AMVER to be rewritten in UNIX/Windows technology to keep pace with the evolution of data processing; this new version would provide more capacity. Home for the AMVER Center was moved to the Operations Systems Center, a new facility designed and built to consolidate many Coast Guard computer systems at Martinsburg, West Virginia.

Contracted out to civilian operation, this facility released many staff members for reassignment throughout the Coast Guard. In conjunction with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and COMSAT AMVER has assisted in the development of "compressed message" software to move report data at high speed and low cost to encourage more frequent, user-friendly reporting and thus increase plot accuracy at a time when many shipping companies are removing full-time radio officers from GMDSS-compliant ships. Today, over 22,000 ships from hundreds of nations participate in AMVER. An average of 4,000 ships are on the AMVER plot each day and those numbers continue to increase; the AMVER Center computer receives over 14,000 AMVER messages a day. Over 2,800 lives have been saved by AMVER participating ships since 2000. Sailing Plan – contains complete routing information and should be sent within a few hours before, upon, or within a few hours after departure. Position Report – should be sent within 24 hours of departure and subsequently at least every 48 hours until arrival.

The destination should be included in Position Reports. At the discretion of the master, reports may be sent more for example: during heavy weather or

Brijal Patel

Brijal Jagdish Patel is a former Kenyan cricketer. He is a right-handed batsman and a part-time slow left-arm bowler, has played in 31 One-Day International matches for Kenya, as well as first-class and List A cricket. Though he has a first-class batting average of just 7, has passed 50 just once for his country, he is a skilled fielder, he has played club cricket in England for Cranleigh, was recalled to the touring squad to Zimbabwe, in February 2006, after being dropped. He made his ODI debut at 23 years of age, he has played in five wins for Kenya, against India, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe. His 42 against the world champions, Australia, in 2002 was notable, his highest ODI batting score is 44, scored against Zimbabwe in 2002. Patel has toured in provincial teams to both South Africa. For the Kenya ODI team he has toured to South Africa, the United Arab Emirates and Sri Lanka, he was in the tour squad for the ICC Trophy in Malaysia