University of Georgia
The University of Georgia referred to as UGA or Georgia, is a public flagship research university with its main campus in Athens, Georgia. Founded in 1785, it is one of the oldest public universities in the United States; the Center for Measuring University Performance ranks the University of Georgia among the top research universities in the nation and the university is classified by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education as a Research I university. It classifies the student body as "more selective," its most selective admissions category, while the ACT Assessment Student Report places UGA student admissions in the "highly selective" category, the highest category. Incoming students include those from 47 countries around the world; the university is ranked as one of the "Best National Universities for Undergraduate Teaching", tied for 13th overall among all public national universities in the 2019 U. S. News & World Report rankings, is a Kiplinger's and Princeton Review top ten in value.
The university is organized into 17 constituent schools and colleges offering more than 140 degree programs. The university's historic North Campus is listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places as a designated historic district; the contiguous campus areas include rolling hills and extensive green space including nature walks, fields and large and varied arboreta. Close to the contiguous campus is the university's 58-acre Health Sciences Campus that has an extensive landscaped green space, more than 400 trees, several additional historic buildings. Athens has ranked among America's best college towns due to its vibrant restaurant and music scenes. In addition to the main campus in Athens with its 460 buildings, the university has two smaller campuses located in Tifton and Griffin; the university has two satellite campuses located in Lawrenceville. The university operates several outreach stations spread across the state; the total acreage of the university in 30 Georgia counties is 41,539 acres.
The university owns a residential and research center in Washington, D. C. and three international residential and research centers located at Oxford University in Oxford, England, at Cortona, at Monteverde, Costa Rica. Over 750 student organizations including academic associations, honor societies, cultural groups and intramural athletics, religious groups, social groups and fraternities and community service programs, philanthropic groups are integral parts of student life; the University of Georgia's intercollegiate sports teams known by their Georgia Bulldogs nickname, compete in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I and the Southeastern Conference. UGA served as a founding member of the SEC in 1932. In their more than 120-year history, the university's varsity sports teams have won 45 national championships, 264 individual national championships, 170 conference championships, 45 Olympic medals; the Georgia Redcoat Marching Band, the official marching band of the university, performs at athletic and other events.
In 1784, Lyman Hall, a Yale University graduate and one of three doctors to sign the Declaration of Independence, as Governor of Georgia persuaded the Georgia legislature to grant 40,000 acres for the purposes of founding a "college or seminary of learning." Besides Hall, credit for founding the university goes to Abraham Baldwin who wrote the original charter for University of Georgia. From Connecticut, Baldwin graduated from and taught at Yale University before moving to Georgia; the Georgia General Assembly approved Baldwin's charter on January 27, 1785 and UGA became the first university in the United States to gain a state charter. Considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, Baldwin would represent Georgia in the 1786 Constitutional Convention that created the Constitution of the United States and go on to be President pro tempore of the United States Senate; the task of creating the university was given to the Senatus Academicus, which consisted of the Board of Visitors – made up of "the governor, all state senators, all superior court judges and a few other public officials" – and the Board of Trustees, "a body of fourteen appointed members that soon became self-perpetuating."
The first meeting of the university's Board of Trustees was held in Augusta, Georgia on February 13, 1786. The meeting installed Baldwin as the university's first president. For the first sixteen years of the school's history, the University of Georgia only existed on paper. By the new century, a committee was appointed to find suitable land to establish a campus. Committee member John Milledge purchased 633 acres of land on the west bank of the Oconee River and gifted it to the university; this tract of land, now a part of the consolidated city–county of Athens-Clarke County, was part of Jackson County. As of 2013, 37 acres of that land remained as part of the North Campus; because Baldwin was elected to the U. S. Senate, the school needed a new president. Baldwin chose his former fellow professor at Yale, Josiah Meigs, as his replacement. Meigs became the school's president, as well as the only professor. After traveling the state to recruit a few students, Meigs opened the school with no building in the fall of 1801.
The first school building patterned after Yale's Connecticut Hall was built the year later. Yale's early influence on the new university extended into the classical curriculum with emphasis on Latin and Greek. By 1803, the students
World War II
World War II known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries; the major participants threw their entire economic and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China, it included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, the only use of nuclear weapons in war. Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other. World War II is said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom.
From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Finland and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history; this Eastern Front trapped most crucially the German Wehrmacht, into a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States as well as European colonies in the Pacific. Following an immediate U. S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers declared war on the U.
S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories; the Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in Central China, South China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands; the war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945.
Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional atomic bombings, the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 August 1945, cementing total victory in Asia for the Allies. Tribunals were set up by fiat by the Allies and war crimes trials were conducted in the wake of the war both against the Germans and the Japanese. World War II changed the political social structure of the globe; the United Nations was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The Soviet Union and United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the nearly half-century long Cold War. In the wake of European devastation, the influence of its great powers waned, triggering the decolonisation of Africa and Asia.
Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic expansion. Political integration in Europe, emerged as an effort to end pre-war enmities and create a common identity; the start of the war in Europe is held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937, or the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 19 September 1931. Others follow the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred and the two wars merged in 1941; this article uses the conventional dating. Other starting dates sometimes used for World War II include the Italian invasion of Abyssinia on 3 October 1935; the British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of World War II as the Battles of Khalkhin Gol fought between Japan and the fo
Henry A. Gleason (botanist)
Henry Allan Gleason was an American ecologist and taxonomist, known for his endorsement of the individualistic or open community concept of ecological succession, his opposition to Frederic Clements's concept of the climax state of an ecosystem. His ideas were dismissed during his working life, leading him to move into plant taxonomy, but found favour late in the twentieth century. Gleason was born in Dalton City and after undergraduate and master's work at the University of Illinois earned a PhD from Columbia University in Biology in 1906, he held faculty positions at the University of Illinois, the University of Chicago and the University of Michigan, before returning to the East Coast, to the New York Botanical Garden in the Bronx, New York, where he remained for the rest of his career, until 1950. In Gleason's early ecological research on the vegetation of Illinois, around 1909-1912, he worked within the theoretical structure endorsed by ecologist Frederic Clements, whose work on succession was the most influential during the first decades of the twentieth century.
Building on Henry C. Cowles's landmark research at the Indiana Dunes and some of the ideas of his mentor Charles Bessey at the University of Nebraska, Clements had developed a theory of plant succession in which vegetation could be explained by reference to an ideal sequence of development called a sere. Clements sometimes compared the development of seres to the growth of individual organisms, suggested that under the right circumstances, seres would culminate in the best adapted form of vegetation, which he called the climax state. In his early research, Gleason interpreted the vegetation of Illinois using Clementsian concepts like associations, climax states, pioneer species, dominant species. However, in 1918, Gleason began to express significant doubts on the usefulness of some of Clements's employed vocabulary the use of the organism metaphor to describe the growth of vegetation, the treatment of the units of vegetation as including climaxes. In 1926, Gleason expressed stronger objections to Clements's theory.
First, he argued that Clements's identification of particular kinds of vegetation assumed too much homogeneity, since areas of vegetation are similar to one another only to degrees. Second, he argued that Clements's associating particular vegetation types with particular areas underestimated the real diversity of vegetation; these objections together cast doubt, for Gleason, on the "integrity of the association concept" itself—on identifying any grouping of species as amounting to a nameable association, like "oak-maple association," as botanists and ecologists had. As an alternative to describing vegetation in terms of associations, Gleason offered "the Individualistic concept of ecology," in which "the phenomena of vegetation depend upon the phenomena of the individual" species, plant associations are less structured than he thought Clements's theory maintained. At times, Gleason suggested. Clements never responded in print to Gleason's objections and alternative models, they were ignored until the 1950s, when research by a number of ecologists supported Gleasonian models.
Subsequently,'species-individualistic' models have become prevalent in community ecology. Frustration due to dismissal of his ecological ideas without serious consideration may have contributed to Gleason's general abandonment of ecology. From the 1930s onward, he shifted the focus of his work to plant taxonomy, where he became an influential figure, working for many years at the New York Botanical garden, authoring with Arthur Cronquist one of the authoritative floras of northeastern North America. Gleason married the daughter of Swiss-American winemaker Andrew Mattei, their elder son, Henry Allan Gleason Jr, was a linguist and Professor Emeritus at the University of Toronto. Their second son, Andrew Gleason, was Professor Emeritus at Harvard University. Named Honorary Fellow of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation in 1963; the 110 acre Henry Allan Gleason Nature Preserve Area in the Sand Ridge State Forest was dedicated after him in October 1970. The standard author abbreviation Gleason is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.
Gleason, Henry A. 1901. The flora of the prairies. B. S. Thesis. University of Illinois. Gleason, Henry A. 1907. A botanical survey of the Illinois River Valley sand region. Ill. State Lab. Nat. Hist. Bull. 7:149-194. Gleason, Henry A. 1907. On the biology of the sand areas of Illinois. II. A botanical survey of the Illinois River Valley sand region. Ill. Lab. Nat. Hist. Bull. 7:149-194. Gleason, Henry A. 1908. A virgin prairie in Illinois. Ill. Acad. Sci. Trans. 1:62. Gleason, Henry A. 1909. The vegetational history of a river dune. Ill. Acad. Sci. Trans. 2:19-26. Gleason, Henry A. 1909. Some Unsolved Problems of the Prairies. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 36: 265-271. Gleason, Henry A. 1910. The vegetation of the inland sand deposits of Illinois. Ill. Lab. Nat. Hist. Bull. 9:23-174. Gleason, Henry A. 1912. An Isolated Prairie Grove and Its Phytogeographical Significance. Botanical Gazette 53: 38-49. Gleason, Henry A. and Frank C. Gates
The dicotyledons known as dicots, are one of the two groups into which all the flowering plants or angiosperms were divided. The name refers to one of the typical characteristics of the group, namely that the seed has two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. There are around 200,000 species within this group; the other group of flowering plants were called monocotyledons or monocots having one cotyledon. These two groups formed the two divisions of the flowering plants. From the 1990s onwards, molecular phylogenetic research confirmed what had been suspected, namely that dicotyledons are not a group made up of all the descendants of a common ancestor. Rather, a number of lineages, such as the magnoliids and groups now collectively known as the basal angiosperms, diverged earlier than the monocots did; the traditional dicots are thus a paraphyletic group. The largest clade of the dicotyledons are known as the eudicots, they are distinguished from all other flowering plants by the structure of their pollen.
Other dicotyledons and monocotyledons have monosulcate pollen, or forms derived from it, whereas eudicots have tricolpate pollen, or derived forms, the pollen having three or more pores set in furrows called colpi. Aside from cotyledon number, other broad differences have been noted between monocots and dicots, although these have proven to be differences between monocots and eudicots. Many early-diverging dicot groups have "monocot" characteristics such as scattered vascular bundles, trimerous flowers, non-tricolpate pollen. In addition, some monocots have dicot characteristics such as reticulated leaf veins. Traditionally the dicots have been called the Dicotyledones, at any rank. If treated as a class, as in the Cronquist system, they could be called the Magnoliopsida after the type genus Magnolia. In some schemes, the eudicots were treated as a separate class, the Rosopsida, or as several separate classes; the remaining dicots may be kept in a single paraphyletic class, called Magnoliopsida, or further divided.
Some botanists prefer to retain the dicotyledons as a valid class, arguing its practicality and that it makes evolutionary sense. The following lists show the orders in the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group APG IV system traditionally called dicots, together with the older Cronquist system. In the Dahlgren and the Thorne systems, the subclass name Magnoliidae was used for the dicotyledons; this is the case in some of the systems derived from the Cronquist system. For each system, only the superorders are listed; the sequence of each system has been altered to pair corresponding taxa, although circumscription of superorders with the same name is not always the same. The Thorne system as depicted by Reveal is: Calyciflorae World list of dicot species via the Catalogue of Life Tree browser for dicot orders and genera with species counts and estimates via the Catalogue of Life
Eupatorium is a genus of flowering plants in the aster family, containing from 36 to 60 species depending on the classification system. Most are herbaceous perennials growing to 0.5–3 m tall. A few are shrubs; the genus is native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Most are called bonesets, thoroughworts or snakeroots in North America; the genus is named for king of Pontus. Eupatorium has at times been held to contain as many as 800 species, but many of these have been moved to other genera, including Ageratina, Condylidium, Critonia, Eutrochium, Flyriella, Koanophyllon and Tamaulipa; the classification of the tribe Eupatorieae, including species placed in Eupatorium in the present or past, is an area of ongoing research, so further changes are likely. What seems certain by now is that there is a monophyletic group containing Eupatorium and the Joe-pye weeds, others. Eupatorium are grown in particular in Asia. A number of popular ornamental plants included in Eupatorium have been moved to other genera, such as Bartlettina and Conoclinium.
Tobacco leaf curl virus is a pathogen affecting plants of this genus. The foliage is eaten including those of Orthonama obstipata; the common names for the plants are all based on the previous usage of one species, Eupatorium perfoliatum, as an herbal medicine. Despite its name, boneset is not used to treat broken bones, instead the common name derives from the herb's use to treat dengue fever, called breakbone fever because of the pain that it caused; the name thoroughwort comes from Eupatorium perfoliatum, refers to the perfoliate leaves, in which the stem appears to pierce the leaf. Boneset, although poisonous to humans and grazing livestock, has been used in folk medicine, for instance to excrete excess uric acid which causes gout. Caution is advised when using boneset, since it contains toxic compounds that can cause liver damage. Side effects include muscular tremors and constipation. Eupatorium album L.– white thoroughwort Eupatorium altissimum L. – tall thoroughwort Eupatorium anomalum Nash – Florida thoroughwort apomictic hybrid derivative of Eupatorium mohrii and Eupatorium rotundifolium Eupatorium capillifolium Small – dog-fennel Eupatorium compositifolium Walter – Yankeeweed Eupatorium godfreyanum Cronquist, apomictic hybrid derivative of Eupatorium rotundifolium and Eupatorium sessilifolium Eupatorium hyssopifolium L. – hyssop-leaved thoroughwort Eupatorium lancifolium Small – lance-leaved thoroughwort Eupatorium leptophyllum DC. – false fennel Eupatorium leucolepis Torrey & A.
Gray – justiceweed Eupatorium linearifolium Walter – Eupatorium maritimum E. E. Schill. – apomictic hybrid derivative of Eupatorium mohrii and Eupatorium serotinum Eupatorium mikanioides Chapman – semaphore thoroughwort Eupatorium mohrii Greene – Mohr's thoroughwort Eupatorium novae-angliae V. I. Sullivan ex A. Haines & Sorrie apomictic hybrid derivative of Eupatorium paludicola and Eupatorium perfoliatum Eupatorium paludicola E. E. Schill. & LeBlond – swamp thoroughwort, until 2007 classified as part of Eupatorium leucolepis Eupatorium perfoliatum L. – common boneset Eupatorium petaloideum Britton – showy white thoroughwort considered to be part of Eupatorium album Eupatorium pilosum Walter – rough boneset considered to be part of Eupatorium rotundifolium Eupatorium resinosum Torrey ex DC. – pine barren boneset Eupatorium rotundifolium L. – round-leaved thoroughwort Eupatorium semiserratum DC. – smallflower thoroughwort Eupatorium serotinum L. – late boneset, late thoroughwort Eupatorium sessilifolium L. – upland boneset Eupatorium sullivaniae E.
E. Schill. – apomictic hybrid derivative of Eupatorium album and Eupatorium lancifolium Eupatorium cannabinum L. – hemp-agrimony Eupatorium amabile Kitam. Eupatorium benguetense C. Robinson Eupatorium camiguinense Merr. Eupatorium chinense L. Eupatorium formosanum Hayata Eupatorium fortunei Turcz. – fujibakama, pei lan Eupatorium japonicum Thunb. Eupatorium lindleyanum DC. Eupatorium luchuense Nakai Eupatorium makinoi T. Kawahara & T. Yahara Eupatorium nodiflorum DC. Eupatorium quaternum DC. Eupatorium sambucifolium Elmer Eupatorium shimadai Kitam. Eupatorium squamosum D. Don Eupatorium tashiroi Hayata Eupatorium toppingianum Elmer Eupatorium variabile Makino Eupatorium yakushimaense Masam. & Kitam Eupatorium adamantium Gardner Eupatorium amygdalinum Eupatorium ayapana – aya-pana, water hemp Eupatorium bracteatum Gardn. Eupatorium coelestinum – mistflower Eupatorium collinum Eupatorium itatiayense Hieron. Eupatorium gayanum Eupatorium laevigatum DC. Eupatorium ligustrinum Eupatorium maculatum Joe-Pye weed Eupatorium maximiliani Schrad.
Ex DC. Eupatorium megalophyllum Eupatorium officinale Eupatorium pacificum Eupatorium purpureum Eupatorium pyrifolium DC. E
Armen Leonovich Takhtajan or Takhtajian, was a Soviet-Armenian botanist, one of the most important figures in 20th century plant evolution and systematics and biogeography. His other interests included morphology of flowering plants and the flora of the Caucasus, he was born in Shusha. He was one of the most influential taxonomists of the latter twentieth century. Takhtajan was born in Shusha, Russian Empire, present-day Azerbaijan on 10 June 1910, to a family of Armenian intellectuals, his grandfather Meliksan Takhtadzhyan Petrovich had been born in Trabzon, Ottoman Empire and was educated in Italy, on the island of San Lazzaro degli Armeni, an Armenian enclave, spoke many languages and worked as a journalist. He died in Paris in 1930, his father, Leon Meliksanovich Takhtadzhyan, was born in Batumi and was educated as an agronomist at Leipzig University. Graduating in 1906, he worked on farms in France and the United Kingdom, made a special study of sheep farming, he became proficient in German, English, Russian and Azerbaijani.
Arriving in Shusha in 1908 a centre of sheep farming in the Caucasus, looking for work, Leon was forced to teach German at the local Realschule attached to the Armenian seminary, due to lack of opportunities in his chosen field. There he met and married Gerseliya Sergeevna Gazarbekyan, Armen Takhtajan's mother, a native of Susha, in 1909; the Takhtajans had three children, Armen and Nora. In 1918 the family were forced to flee to northern Armenia because of the pogroms. Throughout his childhood, Armen showed a keen interest in natural history, travelling with his father. Armen attended school in Tbilisi in nearby Georgia at Unified Labor School number 42. There he came under the influence of one of his teachers, Alexander Konstantinovich Makaev, who had taught agriculture at Tbilisi State University, had produced a dictionary of botanical names in Georgian and Latin. Makaev would take Armen on botanical excursions, teaching him to identify plants from Sosnowski and Grossheim's "Determinants of plant life in the vicinity of Tbilisi".
In 1928 he travelled to Leningrad. There he volunteered at the biology school at Leningrad University and attended lectures by Vladimir Leontyevich Komarov on plant morphology. In 1929 he began his studies in biology at Yerevan State University in Yerevan, which he completed in 1931, he returned to Tbilisi, enrolling in the All-Union Institute of Subtropical Crops. In 1932 after completing his course at Tbilisi he worked for a while as a laboratory assistant at Sukhumi, Georgia, at the subtropical branch of the All-Union Institute of Applied Botany and New Crops, before returning to Yerevan. In Yerevan he took a position as researcher at the Natural History Museum of Armenia, at the Herbarium of the Armenian branch of the Institute of Biology, Soviet Academy of Sciences, began teaching at Yerevan University in 1936, while completing his Master's thesis, he died in Saint Petersburg on November 13, 2009, at the age of 99, in 2009, having just completed his most important work, Flowering Plants.
From 1938-48 he headed a Department at the Yerevan State University, from 1944-48 was director of the Botanical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, Professor of the Leningrad State University. Takhtajan was a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, as well as a foreign associate of the U. S. National Academy of Sciences since 1971, he was the academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, the president of the Soviet All-Union Botanical Society and the International Association for Plant Taxonomy, member of the Finnish Academy of Science and Literature, the German Academy of Naturalists "Leopoldina" and other scientific societies. While at the Komarov Botanical Institute in Leningrad in 1940, Takhtajan developed his classification scheme for flowering plants, which emphasized phylogenetic relationships between plants, his system did not become known to botanists in the West until after 1950, in the late 1950s he began a correspondence and collaboration with the prominent American botanist Arthur Cronquist, whose plant classification scheme was influenced by his collaboration with Takhtajan and other botanists at Komarov.
He is chiefly famous as the author of works on the origins of flowering plants and paleobotany, developing a new classification system of higher plants. He worked on the "Flora of Armenia" and "Fossil flowering plants of the USSR " books. Takhtajan developed a system of floristic regions. For many years restrictions were placed on his work because of his opposition to the official line on genetics promoted by Lysenko. In 1993 he worked for a while at the New York Botanical Garden; the "Takhtajan system" of flowering plant classification treats flowering plants as a division, with two classes and Liliopsida. These two classes are subdivided into subclasses, superorders and families; the Takhtajan system is similar to the Cronquist system, but with somewhat greater complexity at the higher levels. He favors smaller orders and families, to allow character and evolutionary relationships to be more grasped; the Takhtajan classification system rema
Mentzelia is a genus of about 60-70 species of flowering plants in the family Loasaceae, native to the Americas. The genus comprises annual and perennial herbaceous plants and a few shrubs, they are called blazing stars or stickleafs. Mentzelia affinis Greene – Yellowcomet Mentzelia albescens Griseb. Mentzelia albicaulis Douglas ex Torr. & A. Gray – Whitestem blazingstar Mentzelia aspera L. Mentzelia candelariae H. J. Thomp. & Prigge – Candelaria blazingstar Mentzelia chrysantha Engelm. Ex Brandegee Mentzelia congesta Nutt. Ex Torr. & A. Gray – United blazingstar Mentzelia conzattii Greenm. Mentzelia cordifolia Dombey ex Urb. & Gilg Mentzelia crocea Kellogg – Sierra blazingstar Mentzelia decapetala Urb. & Gilg – Tenpetal blazingstar Mentzelia densa Greene Mentzelia desertorum H. J. Thomp. & Roberts – Desert blazingstar Mentzelia dispersa S. Watson – Mada stickleaf Mentzelia eremophila – Pinyon blazingstar Mentzelia fendleriana Urb. & Gilg Mentzelia goodrichii Thorne & S. L. Welsh – Goodrich's blazingstar Mentzelia gracilenta – Grass blazingstar Mentzelia hirsutissima Mentzelia hirsutissima var. nesiotes Mentzelia involucrata – Sand blazingstar, white-bract blazingstar Mentzelia inyoensis – Inyo blazingstar Mentzelia jonesii – Jones' blazingstar Mentzelia laevicaulis Torr.
& A. Gray – Giant blazingstar Mentzelia leucophylla Brandegee Mentzelia lindleyi Torr. & A. Gray - Lindley's blazingstar Mentzelia memorabilis N. H. Holmgren & P. K. Holmgren - Nine-eleven blazingstar, September 11 stickleaf Mentzelia micrantha – San Luis blazingstar Mentzelia mollis M. Peck Mentzelia montana – Variegated-bract blazingstar Mentzelia multiflora A. Gray – Adonis blazingstar Mentzelia nitens – Shining blazingstar Mentzelia nuda Torr. & A. Gray Mentzelia oligosperma Nutt. Ex Sims Mentzelia oreophila – Argus blazingstar Mentzelia packardiae Glad Mentzelia parvifolia Urb. & Gilg ex Kurtz Mentzelia pectinata – San Joaquin blazingstar Mentzelia polita – Polished blazingstar Mentzelia pterosperma Mentzelia pumila Nutt. ex. Torr. & A. Gray – Dwarf mentzelia Mentzelia reflexa – Reflexed blazingstar Mentzelia rhizomata Reveal Mentzelia scabra Kunth Mentzelia springeri – Santa Fe blazingstar Mentzelia tiehmii Mentzelia todiltoensis Mentzelia torreyi – Torrey's blazingstar Mentzelia tricuspis – Spinyhair blazingstar Mentzelia veatchiana – Veatch's blazingstar Flora of Bolivia checklist: Mentzelia Flora of Missouri checklist: Mentzelia