Arthur Evans (VC)
Arthur Walter Evans was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Evans was 27 years old, a lance sergeant in the 6th Battalion, The Lincolnshire Regiment, British Army, during the First World War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC, he was awarded the VC under the alias Walter Simpson. On 2 September 1918 south west of Etaing, France, a patrol reconnoitring on the west bank of a river sighted an enemy machine-gun on the east bank; the river being deep at that point, Lance Sergeant Evans volunteered to swim across and having done so crawled up behind the machine-gun post, where he shot the sentry and another man and made four more surrender. After a crossing had been found and one officer and one man joined him, machine-gun and rifle fire was opened on them; the officer was wounded and Sergeant Evans covered his withdrawal under heavy fire. The citation reads: No. 41788 Cpl.
Walter Simpson, Linc. R.. For most conspicuous bravery and initiative when with a daylight patrol sent out to reconnoitre and to gain touch with a neighbouring division; when on the west bank of a river an enemy machine-gun post was sighted on the east bank. The river being too deep to ford, Sjt. Simpson volunteered to swim across, having done so crept up alone in rear of the machine-gun post, he shot the sentry and a second enemy who ran out. A crossing over the river was subsequently found, the officer and one man of his patrol joined him, reconnaissance was continued along the river bank. After proceeding some distance machine-gun and rifle fire was opened on the patrol and the officer was wounded. In spite of the fact that no cover was available, Sjt. Simpson succeeded in covering the withdrawal of the wounded officer under most dangerous and difficult conditions and under heavy fire; the success of the patrol, which cleared up a machine-gun post on the flank of the attacking troops of a neighbouring division and obtained an identification, was due to the gallant conduct of Sjt.
Simpson. He was permitted to re-assume his original name. After the war he served in the Australian Tank Corps. Location of grave and VC medal Evans confused with a Burnley Hero Arthur Evans at Find a Grave Liverpool VCs
Arthur Evans (politician)
Henry Arthur Evans, known as Arthur Evans, was a UK politician. He contested the London County Council election, 1922 as a Progressive candidate for Lewisham West but was unsuccessful, he was National Liberal Party Member of Parliament for Leicester East from 1922 to 1923 and Conservative MP for Cardiff South from 1924 to 1929, from 1931 to 1945. At the 1945 general election he was defeated by the future Labour Prime Minister James Callaghan. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Arthur Evans
Sir Arthur John Evans was an English archaeologist and pioneer in the study of Aegean civilization in the Bronze Age. He is most famous for unearthing the palace of Knossos on the Greek island of Crete. Evans continued Heinrich Schliemann's concept of a Mycenaean civilization, but found that he needed to distinguish another civilization, the Minoan, from the structures and artifacts found there and throughout the eastern Mediterranean. Evans was the first to define Cretan scripts Linear A and Linear B, as well as an earlier pictographic writing. Although not a professional statesman or soldier, never a paid agent of the government, he negotiated or played a role in negotiating unofficially with foreign powers in the Balkans and Middle East, he was, on request of the revolutionary organizations of the peoples of the Balkans, a significant player in the formation of the nation of Yugoslavia. Arthur Evans was born in Nash Mills, the first child of John Evans and Harriet Ann Dickinson, his first cousin, the daughter of John's employer, the inventor and founder of Messrs John Dickinson, a paper mill.
John Evans came from a family of men who were both intellectually active. John's father, Arthur Benoni Evans, Arthur's grandfather, had been headmaster of Market Bosworth Grammar School. John could quote the classical authors. In 1840, instead of going to college, John started work in the mill owned by his maternal uncle, John Dickinson, he married his cousin, Harriet, in 1850, which entitled him, in 1851, to a junior partnership in the family business. Profits from the mill would help fund Arthur's excavations, restorations at Knossos, resulting publications. For the time being they were an affectionate family, they moved into a brick row house built for the purpose near the mill, which came to be called the "red house" because it lacked the sooty patina of the other houses. Harriet called her husband "Jack." Grandmother Evans called Arthur "darling Trot," asserting in a note that, compared to his father, he was "a bit of a dunce." In 1856, with Harriet's declining health and Jack's growing reputation and prosperity, they moved into Harriet's childhood home, a mansion with a garden, where the children ran free.
John maintained his status as an officer in the company, which became John Dickinson Stationery, but became distinguished for his pursuits in numismatics and archaeology. His interest in geology came from an assignment by the company to study the diminishing water resources in the area with a view toward protecting the company from lawsuits; the mill consumed large amounts of water, needed for the canals. He became a legal consultant. However, collecting was endemic to the family, he was more interested in the stone-age artifacts. As Arthur grew older, he was allowed to assist John in looking for artifacts and classifying the collection. John became a distinguished antiquary, publishing numerous books and articles. In 1859 he conducted a geological survey of the Somme Valley with Joseph Prestwich, his connections and invaluable advice were indispensable to Arthur's career throughout the remainder of his long life. Arthur's mother, died in 1858 when Arthur was seven, he had two brothers, Philip Norman and Lewis, two sisters and Harriet.
He would remain on excellent terms with all of them all of his life. He was raised by a stepmother, Fanny, née Phelps, with whom he got along well, she had no children of her own and predeceased her husband. John's third wife was Maria Millington Lathbury; when he was 70 they had a daughter, who would become an art historian. John died in 1908 at 85, when Arthur was 57, his close support and assistance had been indispensable in excavating and conceptualizing Minoan civilization. Arthur was given every advantage of education. After a childhood stay at Callipers Preparatory School he entered Harrow School in 1865 at age 14, at which he did well, he was co-editor of The Harrovian in his final year, 1869/70. At Harrow he was friends with Francis Maitland Balfour. Both boys had similar interests, they competed for the Natural History Prize. The outcome was a draw, they were both athletic, riding and mountain-climbing, at which Balfour was killed in life. Arthur refused to wear glasses, his close-up vision was better than normal.
Farther away his field of vision was blurry. He compensated by carrying a cane, his wit was sharp, too sharp for the administration, which stopped a periodical he had started, The Pen-Viper, after the first issue. After graduation, Evans relied on the Old Harrovian network of acquaintances. Minchin characterized him as "a philologer and wit" as well as an expert on "the eastern question", i.e. diplomatic and political problems posed by the decay of the Ottoman Empire. Arthur matriculated on attended Brasenose College, Oxford, his housemaster at Harrow, F. Rendall, had eased the way to his acceptance with the recommendation that he was "a boy of powerful original mind." At Brasenose he chose to read modern history, a new curriculum, nearly a disaster, as his main interests were in archaeology and classical studies. His summertime activities with his brothers and friends were more important to his subsequent ca
Rowing at the 1968 Summer Olympics – Men's eight
The men's coxed eight competition at the 1968 Summer Olympics took place at Virgilio Uribe Rowing and Canoeing Course, Mexico City, Mexico. It was held from 13 to 19 October and was won by the team from West Germany, with the teams from Australia and the Soviet Union claiming silver and bronze respectively; the United States had won this event at the last eight of nine Olympics, only missing out in 1960. West Germany was one of the favourites, as they had won the last four European Championships and the last two World Championships; the Soviet Union had a number of silver medal placings at recent events and were among the favourites. Races were held in up to six lanes. Twelve teams from 12 nations attended the competition. Five of the teams replaced a total of six rowers during the competition, making for a total of 114 rowers who participated in the races. Rowers are shown as per the seats occupied in the official results book published by the Organizing Committee of the Games of the XIX Olympiad.
Two heats were rowed on 13 October. The winning teams qualified for the final, the remaining teams progressed to the repechage; the Official Report of the Organising Committee lists Michael Livingston in seat 7 of the United States boat, but this is incorrect, as he travelled to the 1968 Games as a reserve only. It was Cleve Livingston, who sat in seat 7 for the heat and final. Two heats were rowed in the semi-finals on 15 October. Of the five teams competing per heat, the first two would qualify for the final, while the others would progress to the small final. In the boat of the United States, Jake Fiechter in seat 6 replaced Cleve Livingston, who had taken seat 7 in the first round. Steve Brooks displaced Arthur Evans as stroke, with the latter moving to seat 7; the small final was raced on 18 October. Great Britain replaced Malcolm Malpass in seat 5 with John Mullard in this race, Canada replaced John Richardson in seat 5 with Daryl Sturdy. Mexico changed the seats for all rowers apart from the cox, East Germany changed four of the seats.
The Netherlands changed all seats apart from the cox. The final was raced on 19 October. On the morning of the race, the West German team replaced Roland Böse—who was suffering from angina pectoris and had developed a fever—with Niko Ott in seat 8; the team from Czechoslovakia replaced Milan Hurtala with Karel Kolesa, all the remaining rowers apart from the cox took different seats in the final compared to the two previous races. The team from the United States replaced Arthur Evans with Cleve Livingston in seat 7. After the medal ceremony, Ott gave his gold medal to Böse, but another medal was minted for Ott; as per convention, the Olympic results database lists Böse as a medallist based on the fact that he competed in the qualifying race. Alvarez, José Rogelio; the Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XIX Olympiad Mexico 1968: Volume III part 1. Mexico City, Mexico: Organizing Committee of the Games of the XIX Olympiad. Part 1 Part 2
A. Grant Evans
Arthur Grant Evans was the third president of University of Tulsa and the second president of the University of Oklahoma. Born to English parents in India, educated in London, he emigrated to North America in 1883 and lived in Canada. Evans was born in Madras, India, in 1858 to English parents, Reverend E. J. and Caroline Taylor Evans. Educated in London, he received his bachelor of arts degree in London from Borough Road College. After receiving his degree, he became Presbyterian minister, he spent four years teaching at Earls Barton in England. He came to North America in 1883, where he lived in Canada for less than a year. A previous citation indicates that Evans intended to work as a missionary among the Cherokee Indians; the Mills article states that in 1887, he was ordained as a Presbyterian minister, began pastoring at a church in Oswego, Kansas and at churches in Pendleton and Leadville, Colorado. Neither source mentions a connection to the Cherokee Male Seminary or Robert L. Owen, nor do they indicate a rationale for Evans showing up in Muskogee in time to either be appointed to Kendall College or to marry his wife.
Prior to becoming the president at Oklahoma University in 1908, he served as the president of Henry Kendall College in Muskogee, for ten years. During his time Kendall College, he was awarded a Doctor of Divinity degree; when Oklahoma became a state in 1907, the first governor, Charles N. Haskell, made several changes to the staff of the territorial college, his most notable change was the firing of David Ross Boyd. Evans was Haskell's appointment for president of the university as Evans was a Democrat and prohibitionist. Many people lost confidence in the new state university after the Oklahoma government fired the beloved President Boyd; because of this, nearly 1,500 students went to out-of-state universities over the next few years. Following Dr. Boyd's dismissal in 1908, the campus enrollment declined nearly 20% and it declined another 11% between 1910 and 1911. Evans' tenure as university president was marked by some notable achievements, including the construction of the third administration building.
That administration building built during his tenure, a classic example of the Collegiate Gothic architectural style of campus, was renamed in Evans' honor. The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture called his reorganization of the university into colleges and schools as his most important accomplishment; the College of Fine Arts, the College of Engineering, the College of Arts and Sciences were all started between 1908 and 1911. He promoted the expansion of the Oklahoma University School of Medicine and presided over its merger with the Epworth College of Medicine; the School of Law, led by Julien Monnet, was established during his tenure. In 1909, Evans was awarded an honorary Doctor of Divinity degree, he retired as OU president in 1911. Julien Monnet, Dean of the School of Law, was named Interim President. In 1912, Stratton D. Brooks became the 3rd President of OU. After retiring, Evans once again became a pastor, this time in El Montecito Presbyterian Church in Santa Barbara, California.
Evans remained there until he died on November 30, 1928, of a "stroke of apoplexy." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Evans, Arthur Grant
Arthur "Slim" Evans
Arthur Herbert "Slim" Evans was a leader in the industrial labor union movement in Canada and the United States. Born in Toronto, Evans travelled west in 1911 and worked in various places, first as a farmer a carpenter. In Minneapolis he became involved with the Industrial Workers of the World, he was present at the 1913 miners' strike in Colorado. Two days after Evans arrived, he was shot by strikebreakers hired by John D. Rockefeller, one of the big coal company owners, during what became known as the Ludlow Massacre. Evans walked with a limp for the rest of his life as a result. Evans continued his union activism, he was the leader of the One Big Union local of coal miners in Drumheller, where he was sentenced to a three-year prison term for leading a strike. In 1933 he was sentenced again to 18 months for his role leading miners, this time in Princeton, British Columbia. Evans, along with other former wobblies, became a member of the Communist Party of Canada after it formed in 1921, his greatest notoriety came in 1935 when, as leader of the Communist Party's trade union umbrella, the Workers' Unity League, Evans led the On-to-Ottawa Trek.
Communist activists organized workers in the government relief camps into the Relief Camp Workers' Union. Relief camp workers struck on April 4, 1935 when they went to Vancouver, where they stayed and pressed their demands until the Trek began on June 3; the first batch of strikers left Vancouver, riding on boxcars, were joined by many others in Kamloops, Golden and Moose Jaw. By the time they reached Regina, Saskatchewan their numbers had climbed to over 2,000. Evans led a delegation to go ahead of the strikers and meet with the prime minister, R. B. "Iron Heel" Bennett. The two leaders engaged in a heated exchange. Evans' response received much publicity: You are a liar. I was arrested for fraudulently converting these funds to feed the starving, instead of sending them to the agents at Indianapolis, I again say you are a liar if you say I embezzled, I will have the pleasure of telling the workers throughout Canada that I was forced to tell the premier of Canada he was a liar. Don't think you can pull off anything like that.
You are not intimidating me a damned bit. The meeting accomplished little more than to illustrate the intransigence of the government and the determination of the strikers, the delegation left Ottawa to rejoin the strikers in Regina. Evans and other Trek leaders were arrested at a large demonstration of strikers and supporters on July 1, 1935, which precipitated the Regina Riot; the federal government had decided that the Trek would be forcibly stopped in Regina because of fears that it would gain momentum if allowed to reach Winnipeg that could turn it from a protest into a revolutionary movement. Evans was charged under Section 98, the section of the Criminal Code, added in the aftermath of the Winnipeg General Strike outlawing membership in revolutionary organizations. An exhaustive government inquiry was held into causes of the riot, its conclusions paved the way for reforming the relief camp system; this outcome and the overwhelming defeat of R. B. Bennett are two indicators that the strike was a success though the Trek was crushed.
Evans continued his union activism, organizing the miners and smelter workers in Trail, British Columbia into the CIO union, Mine and Smelters Union. He led fundraising drives for the Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion, the volunteer contingent from Canada that fought the fascists during the Spanish Civil War, his last union position was as the shop steward at the Vancouver Shipyards. He died in Vancouver on February 1944, aged 53, after being hit by a car. John Stanton, Never Say Die!: The Life and Times of a Pioneer Labour Lawyer, Steel Rail Publishing, 1987. Jean Evans Sheils and Ben Swankey, "Work and Wages"! A Semi-Documentary Account of the Life and Times of Arthur H. Evans. Vancouver: Trade Union Research Bureau, 1977. Bill Waiser, All Hell Can't Stop Us: The On-to-Ottawa Trek and Regina Riot. Calgary: Fifth House, 2003