Wilhelmina "Mina" Harker is a fictional character in Bram Stoker's 1897 Gothic horror novel Dracula. She begins the story as Miss Mina Murray, a young school mistress, engaged to Jonathan Harker, best friends with Lucy Westenra, she visits Lucy in Whitby on July 24 of that year. After her fiancé Jonathan escapes from Count Dracula's castle, Mina travels to Budapest and joins him there. Mina cares for him during his recovery from his traumatic encounter with the vampire and his brides, the two return to England as husband and wife. Back home, they learn that Lucy has died from a mysterious illness stemming from severe blood loss as the result of repeated attacks by an unknown, blood-drinking animal; the animal, was none other than Dracula taking a different shape. It is because of Mina that the party learn of the Count's plans, as she is the one who collects the journals and newspaper clippings, she assembles all of the relevant information regarding the Count, places it in chronological order, types out multiple copies, giving them to each of the other protagonists.
The end result is the epistolary novel itself. Mina and Jonathan join the coalition around Abraham Van Helsing, turn their attention toward destroying the Count; the party uses this information to discover clues about Dracula's plans and further investigate the locations of the various residences he purchases as a means to track him and destroy him. Each subsequent action the party takes is recorded by the various members and added to the collection of events surrounding Dracula. After Dracula learns of this plot against him, he takes revenge by visiting — and biting — Mina at least three times. Dracula feeds Mina his blood, dooming her to become a vampire should she die. Afterwards, he kills Renfield and destroys all of the copies of their epistolary except for one, which Dr. Seward kept in a safe; the rest of the novel deals with the group's efforts to spare Mina a vampiric fate by tracking and attempting to kill Dracula. When Van Helsing attempts to bless her by placing a wafer of sacramental bread against her forehead it burns her flesh, leaving a scar, thus proving that Dracula has made her unholy.
Mina succumbs to the blood of the vampire that flows through her veins, switching back and forth from a state of consciousness to one of semi-trance, during which she is telepathically connected with Dracula. Mina uses her inherent telepathic abilities to track Dracula's movements under the hypnotism of Van Helsing. Dracula flees back to his castle in Transylvania, followed by the entire group who split up; as Van Helsing takes Mina with him on his journey to Dracula's castle to slay the brides of Dracula, the rest of the party attempt to locate and raid the ship Dracula is using, to ambush him. As time goes on, Helsing's ability to hypnotize Mina to obtain intelligence on the whereabouts of Count Dracula diminishes significantly, her appearance and manner become more vampire-like, to the point where she loses her appetite as well as her ability to stay awake during the day despite multiple attempts by Van Helsing to wake her. While Mina and Van Helsing are at camp, Helsing crumbles sacramental bread in a circle around Mina as she sleeps during the daytime.
Upon waking, she is unable to cross the circle at all. Van Helsing does this as a test; this is confirmed when in the night, the brides come to the camp, but are unable to cross the ring around Mina and Van Helsing. The brides beckon her to join them but fail, fly back to Dracula's castle before sunrise where they meet their demise at Van Helsing's hands; when the party kills Dracula just before sunset, Dracula's vampiric spell is lifted and Mina is freed from the curse. The book closes with a note written seven years after these events about Mina's and Jonathan's married life and the birth of their first-born son, whom they name Quincey in remembrance of their American friend Quincey Morris, killed by Dracula's Szgany minions during the final confrontation; the birth of Jonathan and Mina's son signifies hope and renewal of life as the close of the novel ushers in the 20th century. Mina has appeared in most film adaptations of Stoker's novel. In Stoker's original novel, Mina recovers from the vampire's curse upon Dracula's death and lives on to marry Jonathan.
However, in some media, Mina is killed at some point in the story, while in others, she becomes a full vampire and keeps her powers after the death of Dracula. In Dracula the Un-dead, co-written by Dacre Stoker, a great-nephew of the original author, Mina's son, Quincey, is claimed to be a product of rape and Dracula's biologically human son, conceived at some point when Dracula was attacking Mina. In From the Pages of Bram Stoker's Dracula: Harker, written by Tony Lee and endorsed by Dacre Stoker and Ian Holt, Mina becomes bound to Dracula's spirit as his remaining allies attempt to use her unborn child as his new body. In Anno Dracula, a 1992 novel by Kim Newman, the first in the Anno Dracula series, Mina Harker became a vampire and Dracula's bride; the novel tells an alternate history in which Dracula marries Queen Victoria and rules England as her consort, vampirism is widespread. Mina is one of the main characters in 1975 novel Dracula Tape by Fred Saberhagen, the retelling of Bram Stoker's Dracula from Dracula's point of view.
Mina Murray is one of the lead characters of Alan Moore's and Kevin O'Neill's comic book series The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen. She is a bisexual suffragist and leader of the titular team, is involved in a romantic relationship with Allan
Dracula 3000 titled Dracula 3000: Infinite Darkness, is a television horror movie released in 2004 that brings Bram Stoker's fictional vampire Count Dracula into outer space in the distant 30th century. Despite its name, it is not a direct sequel to Dracula 2000. In the year 3000, the space salvage ship. Captain Van Helsing and his crew board the abandoned ship, they explore the bridge and find the corpse of the Demeter's captain, tied to a chair and clutching a crucifix. Despite the misgivings of crew intern Mina Murry and vice-captain Aurora, the Captain claims salvage rights and decides to tow the ship back to Earth; as the crew prepares to return, Mother III uncouples from the Demeter, leaving them stranded with no means of communication. Cargo specialist 187 and deckhand Humvee discover a cargo bay full of coffins. 187 speculates opens one, only to find sand. Humvee heads back to the bridge; the crew rushes to 187's aid, only to find. Under orders from his "master", 187 vows to kill the entire crew.
Aurora, fleeing 187, runs into a vampire named Count Orlock. Aurora makes her way to a recreation room where she reports her encounter with Orlock and reveals his intentions to return to Earth. Upon questioning, she is unable to explain. Thinking Aurora could be lying, the Captain ties her up and Humvee guards her. Soon, 187 gains attacks Humvee, who manages to stake him in the heart with a pool cue. Aurora, still tied up, confesses that she is an undercover android cop investigating salvage activities; the Captain and Humvee untie her. Searching the ship's database, the Captain and the Professor, who uses a wheelchair, discover that the legendary vampire hunter Abraham Van Helsing was one of the Captain's ancestors; the Professor believes. The Captain learns how vampires can be stopped and decides to steer the Demeter on a course towards a binary star system; the Captain and Aurora are soon confronted by Orlock. Aurora leaves leaving the Captain to fight Orlock alone. Orlock gains the upper hand and turns the Captain into a vampire.
Aurora and Humvee return, only to be attacked by the Captain. Aurora stakes him with another cue stick. Mina is dispatched by Humvee; the Professor, despairing of his chances of survival, finds Orlock, who promises to free him from his disability in return for aiding Orlock's return to Earth. When Aurora and Humvee return to the bridge, they find. Aurora stabs him with a cross. A furious Orlock tries to enter the bridge, but Humvee and Aurora close the door on him, cutting off his arm in the process; as the Demeter draws closer towards one of the binary stars and Aurora confess to each other that neither knows how to pilot the ship. Knowing they are about to die, they take comfort in the fact that Orlock's plan to return to Earth have been foiled. Aurora reveals that she is programmed for sexual pleasure, it is implied the two spend their final moments having sex; the movie ends with a video segment from the Demeter's Captain Varna, who announces his intention to sacrifice himself and his ship. The Demeter explodes in space, killing Humvee and Aurora, destroying Orlock.
Casper Van Dien as Captain Van Helsing Erika Eleniak as Aurora Ash Coolio as 187 Alexandra Kamp as Mina Murry Grant Swanby as Arthur "The Professor" Holmwood Langley Kirkwood as Count Orlock Tommy "Tiny" Lister as Humvee Udo Kier as Captain Varna Critical reaction to Dracula 3000 has been negative. Andrew Stine of Something Awful said, "Whether it's out of some facsimile of genuine interest or because I just want to see how stupid things can get within ninety minutes, I have so far been able to keep myself from lapsing into a waking coma by latching upon some facet of the movie, not utterly, interminably boring; that is, until Dracula 3000." Mitchell Hattaway of DVD Verdict said, "Dracula 3000 is a shining example of complete filmmaking ineptitude. You can look all you want and you won't find the slightest hint of intelligence on any level.... It sucks. Dracula 3000 makes Leprechaun 4: In Space look like Alien."David Oliver of CHUD.com said, "This is the worst movie I've reviewed so far for CHUD.
How is it bad? Every particular way you can think of: the acting, the writing, directing... I can go on for paragraphs.... To call this film shit is an insult to fragrant brown logs everywhere." Vampire film Dracula 3000 on IMDb Dracula 3000 at AllMovie Dracula 3000 at Rotten Tomatoes
Lucy Westenra is a fictional character in the novel Dracula by Bram Stoker. She is introduced as the 19-year-old daughter of a wealthy family, her father is mentioned in the novel when Mina says he was a sleepwalker, her elderly mother is stated as being Mrs. Westenra. In the 1931 Universal production, she is called Lucy Weston. In the 1958 film Dracula, she is called Lucy Holmwood, Arthur Holmwood's sister, engaged to Jonathan Harker. Lucy Westenra is a vivacious young woman, much praised for her beauty and sweet nature; these qualities earn her three suitors, all of whom propose to her on the same day: Arthur Holmwood, the wealthy son of Lord Godalming. Lucy accepts Arthur's proposal, but soon begins suffering from severe anaemia and chronic blood loss, she has, in fact, become the victim of Count Dracula, draining her of blood. Despite the best efforts of Dr Seward and Dr Abraham Van Helsing, Lucy's condition deteriorates. Dr Van Helsing identifies the true cause of her illness and puts up garlic around her sickbed to repel Dracula.
After four blood transfusions and despite the doctors keeping a constant watch on her condition, their efforts prove futile. By ill fortune and her mother are left unattended when a bat and a wolf comes crashing through the window; the shock causes the mother to expire from a heart attack, while Dracula drains Lucy of blood to the point of death. The men find her alive the next morning, but as they try another transfusion to save her, Van Helsing sees that the bite marks on her throat have vanished, she now has longer canine teeth: a sign that her final stages of vampirism are complete, that there is now no way to save her, she wakes, for a moment, when Arthur is near her, she requests a kiss in a rather uncharacteristic and lustful manner. Van Helsing pulls Arthur away, realizing that she is no longer Lucy, showcased when Lucy snarls inhumanly after she is denied her request. However, she abruptly reverts to normal and realizing what she's becoming, begs Van Helsing to protect Arthur, he swears to do so for her sake.
Soon, Lucy dies from her blood loss. Despite this, color rises to her cheeks, making her look rosier and lovelier than a telling mark of vampirism. While Arthur and the other two laymen think it's all over, Van Helsing knows that death marks her final transition into the world of the undead. Lucy is interred, but not long afterwards, reports spread of children being attacked at night, each child claiming to have been abducted by a "Bloofer Lady"; the children have bite marks on their throats, though none has been drained. Dr Van Helsing realizes that Lucy has now risen again as a vampire, asks Dr Seward and Quincey to help him destroy the undead creature; when they doubt him, Helsing takes Seward to show him first-hand that Lucy's coffin is empty, waits until she appears with another child. Luckily, as they watch, she takes only a little blood before flitting back to her crypt. After tending to the child, Van Helsing and Seward go into the crypt, where the coffin now contains Lucy's peacefully reclined body.
That next night, Van Helsing gathers the rest of the men and applies a plaster made from consecrated hosts over Lucy's crypt while she is walking. The men wait for her until she comes come back with another victim, they see the monstrous form she has become, they prevent another assault. Upon seeing Arthur, Lucy changes her tone to that of a seductress, beckoning him to join her so they can be a couple in undeath, her hypnotic spell works until Van Helsing brandishes a pectoral cross at her, she is repelled. She is unable to enter until Van Helsing removes some of the plaster; the men are astonished to see Lucy use her new supernatural powers to slip inside effortlessly despite the small opening. They prise open the door and find Lucy at rest in her coffin. Van Helsing explains. Since Lucy was subsequently killed when she was drained, the change was instantaneous, but if a vampire is killed, the victim is saved. Van Helsing feels it best. On his instructions, Holmwood drives a wooden stake into Lucy's heart.
Van Helsing knows, that Count Dracula can reclaim his bride by removing the stake. Thus, the unfortunate Lucy can rest in peace. Lucy's death and subsequent transformation as a vampire motivate her suitors and Mina to join forces with Van Helsing and Jonathan Harker in hunting Dracula in retaliation. Ruth Landshoff made a few brief appearances as a character similar to Lucy in the 1922 German silent film Nosferatu; the character of Lucy Harker is based on Lucy Westenra in the film 1979 film Nosferatu: Phantom der Nacht. She is played by Isabelle Adjani. Frances Dade was the first young woman to play the role in the cinema in the first film of Universal Studios' Dracula series, though her character was credited as Lucy Weston. In the Spanish-language version, Carmen Guerrero portrays Lucia West
Dracula: Pages from a Virgin's Diary
Dracula: Pages from a Virgin's Diary is a 2002 horror film directed by Guy Maddin, budgeted at $1.7 million and produced for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation as a dance film documenting a performance by the Royal Winnipeg Ballet adapting Bram Stoker's novel Dracula. Maddin elected to shoot the dance film in a fashion uncommon for such films, through close-ups and using jump cuts. Maddin stayed close to the source material of Stoker's novel, emphasizing the xenophobia in the reactions of the main characters to Dracula. Work on the film deepened but ended Maddin's collaboration with Deco Dawson, credited as "Editor and Associate Director". Maddin and Dawson had a falling out in the wake of the production and have not worked together again (Dawson spoke kindly of Maddin's following feature, The Saddest Music in the World. Like most of Maddin's films, Pages from a Virgin's Diary is shot in the silent film tradition, complete with title cards and mimicking special effects of the era, such as tinted screen color, shadow play, vaseline smeared on the camera lens to create a blurry effect.
The film is not monochromatic, since computer-generated special effects add bright, acidic colours to tint golden coins, green bank notes, red blood. In 1897, a visitor from the East, Count Dracula, arrives in London and is inadvertently invited into the home of Lucy Westenra, she is bitten by Dracula, taken by his curse. Lucy's behavior becomes more erratic leading her to bite her fiancé. Lucy is put under the care of Dr. Van Helsing. Van Helsing does blood tests on Lucy and declares "Vampyre!" as the source of the problem, puts Lucy to bed adorned with garlic. That night, Renfield, a mental patient who lives in the asylum next to Lucy's home, escapes from confinement and Lucy's house is broken into by demons. Lucy's mother awakens in the commotion. Panicked by the demons, Lucy's mother opens the door and inadvertently re-invites Dracula into the house. Both Lucy and her mother are killed in this incident and a funeral procession takes place; the next day, Renfield is placed back into the mental hospital.
Bizarre incidents begin to occur around the city with newspapers headlines proclaiming a "Bloofer Lady", murdering infants. Renfield is interrogated and confesses that Dracula has brought Lucy back from the dead committing these deeds and the solution to the problem lies in the graveyard. Van Helsing and Lucy's suitors go there and spy Dracula and the undead Lucy in a full romantic embrace. After Dracula leaves, Van Helsing declares, "We must destroy the false Lucy so the real one may live forever"; when Van Helsing opens the Lucy's coffin, Lucy attacks the men. Lucy is subdued by a piercing stab from Jonathan's long wooden stakes and a decapitation with a shovel by Van Helsing who declares they must find and defeat the vampyre. Van Helsing and his men go to interrogate Renfield finding out that Dracula's next plan is to attack Lucy's best friend Mina. Mina, in a convent, aids her injured fiancé, Jonathon Harker. Harker had journeyed to Castle Dracula. Upon arriving, Harker was ravaged by three Brides of Dracula.
Harker finalized the land deal for Dracula, was imprisoned in the Castle. Harker escaped to the convent. In the convent, Mina learns of his pleasures with the Brides of Dracula. With what she has discovered about Harker, Mina becomes progressively more sexually aggressive, which makes Harker nervous, he flees with the diary. Mina attempts to follow Harker but comes face to face with Dracula, who kidnaps her and takes her to Castle Dracula. In Castle Dracula, Dracula woos Mina, tempting her with offers of riches and biting her on the neck, solidifying his curse. Harker, along with Van Helsing and his men, break into Dracula's castle and dispatch the Brides of Dracula with long wooden stakes; the men stumble upon Mina and find the mark of Dracula's bite upon her. Attempting to root out Dracula, the men smash place Christian crosses in them. Dracula attacks the men. After the battle and Mina are the only two left conscious. Mina pulls it open to stun Dracula with the sunlight; the men regain consciousness, surround Dracula, stab him with their stakes.
The castle is demolished by Van Helsing's men and everyone departs. Dracula is left hanging motionless, impaled on a giant stake. Zhang Wei-Qiang as Dracula Tara Birtwhistle as Lucy Westenra David Moroni as Dr. Van Helsing CindyMarie Small as Mina Johnny Wright as Jonathan Harker Stephane Leonard as Arthur Holmwood Matthew Johnson as Jack Seward Keir Knight as Quincy Morris Brent Neale as Renfield Stephanie Ballard as Mrs. Westernra Originally a television feature, Dracula: Pages from a Virgin's Diary was released theatrically in 2003 due to outstanding critical reception. Dracula: Pages from a Virgin's Diary was released on home video by Zeitgeist in 2004, with an audio commentary by Maddin; the film is included on the DVD boxed set The Quintessential Guy Maddin: 5 Films from the Heart of Winnipeg released by Zeitgeist Video, alongside Archangel, Twilight of the Ice Nymphs, Cowards Bend the Knee. International Emmy for Best Performing Arts First prize at the Golden Prague Television Festival Gemini Award for Best Canadian Performing Arts Show Gemini Award for Best Direction Festival de Cine de Sitges Award for Best Film Directors Guild of Canada nomination for DGC Craft Award – Guy Maddin Blizzard Award for Best Art Direction – Deanne Rohde, Ricardo Alms The film had a limited theatrical release, but received cr
Surrey is a subdivision of the English region of South East England in the United Kingdom. A historic and ceremonial county, Surrey is one of the home counties; the county borders Kent to the east, East Sussex and West Sussex to the south, Hampshire to the west, Berkshire to the northwest, Greater London to the northeast. Inhabited by about 1.2 million people, Surrey is the twelfth most populous English county, both the third most populous home county and the third most populous county in the South East. Guildford is considered to be the county town; however despite the town's designation, Surrey County Council has never been based there, being instead seated throughout its history in London. Since the borders of Surrey were altered in 1965 by the London Government Act 1963 which created Greater London, none of these places are now in Surrey, marking an example of a de facto capital, located outside of its administrative area. Surrey is divided into eleven districts: Elmbridge and Ewell, Mole Valley and Banstead, Spelthorne, Surrey Heath, Tandridge and Woking.
Services such as roads, mineral extraction licensing, strategic waste and recycling infrastructure, birth and death registration, social and children's services are administered by Surrey County Council. The London boroughs of Lambeth, Southwark and small parts of Lewisham and Bromley were in Surrey until 1889. Since the 1965 reform the bordering boroughs of the capital have been those taken from it in 1965 plus Bromley and Hounslow; the form of Surrey which remains since 1965 is a wealthy county due to economic, aesthetic and logistical factors. It has the highest GDP per capita of any English county, some of the highest property values outside Inner London and the highest cost of living in the UK outside of the capital. Surrey has the highest proportion of woodland in England, having been rural since it was shorn in 1965 of the urbanised swathes of South London which had hitherto been part of the county, it has large protected green spaces. It has four racecourses in horse racing, the most of any Home County and as at 2013 contained 141 golf courses including international competition venue Wentworth.
Surrey has proximity to London and to Heathrow and Gatwick airports, along with access to major arterial road routes including the M25, M3 and M23 and frequent rail services into Central London. Surrey is divided in two by the chalk ridge of the North Downs; the ridge is pierced by the rivers Wey and Mole, tributaries of the Thames, which formed the northern border of the county before modern redrawing of county boundaries, which has left part of its north bank within the county. To the north of the Downs the land is flat, forming part of the basin of the Thames; the geology of this area is dominated by London Clay in the east, Bagshot Sands in the west and alluvial deposits along the rivers. To the south of the Downs in the western part of the county are the sandstone Surrey Hills, while further east is the plain of the Low Weald, rising in the extreme southeast to the edge of the hills of the High Weald; the Downs and the area to the south form part of a concentric pattern of geological deposits which extends across southern Kent and most of Sussex, predominantly composed of Wealden Clay, Lower Greensand and the chalk of the Downs.
Much of Surrey is in the Metropolitan Green Belt. It contains valued reserves of mature woodland. Among its many notable beauty spots are Box Hill, Leith Hill, Frensham Ponds, Newlands Corner and Puttenham & Crooksbury Commons. Surrey is the most wooded county in England, with 22.4% coverage compared to a national average of 11.8% and as such is one of the few counties not to recommend new woodlands in the subordinate planning authorities' plans. Box Hill has the oldest untouched area of natural woodland in one of the oldest in Europe. Surrey contains England's principal concentration of lowland heath, on sandy soils in the west of the county. Agriculture not being intensive, there are many commons and access lands, together with an extensive network of footpaths and bridleways including the North Downs Way, a scenic long-distance path. Accordingly, Surrey provides many rural and semi-rural leisure activities, with a large horse population in modern terms; the highest elevation in Surrey is Leith Hill near Dorking.
It is 294 m above sea level and is the second highest point in southeastern England after Walbury Hill in West Berkshire, 297 m. Surrey has a population of 1.1 million people. Its largest town is Guildford, with a population of 77,057, they are followed by Ewell with 39,994 people and Camberley with 30,155. Towns of between 25,000 and 30,000 inhabitants are Ashford, Farnham and Redhill. Guildford is the historic county town, although the county administration was moved to Newington in 1791 and to Kingston upon Thames in 1893; the county counc
George Orson Welles was an American actor, director and producer who worked in theatre and film. He is remembered for his innovative work in all three: in theatre, most notably Caesar, a Broadway adaptation of William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar. While in his twenties Welles directed a number of high-profile stage productions for the Federal Theatre Project, including an adaptation of Macbeth with an African American cast and the political musical The Cradle Will Rock. In 1937 he and John Houseman founded the Mercury Theatre, an independent repertory theatre company that presented a series of productions on Broadway through 1941. Welles found national and international fame as the director and narrator of a 1938 radio adaptation of H. G. Wells's novel The War of the Worlds performed for his radio anthology series The Mercury Theatre on the Air, it caused widespread panic because many listeners thought that an invasion by extraterrestrial beings was occurring. Although some contemporary sources say these reports of panic were false and overstated, they rocketed Welles to notoriety.
His first film was Citizen Kane, which he co-wrote, produced and starred in as Charles Foster Kane. Welles followed up Citizen Kane with twelve other feature films, the most acclaimed of which include The Magnificent Ambersons, The Lady from Shanghai, Touch of Evil, The Trial, Chimes at Midnight and F for Fake. With a development spanning fifty years, Welles' final film, The Other Side of the Wind, was released in 2018. Welles was an outsider to the studio system and directed only thirteen full-length films in his career, he struggled for creative control on his projects early on with the major film studios in Hollywood and in life with a variety of independent financiers across Europe, where he spent most of his career. Many of his films were either edited or remained unreleased, his distinctive directorial style featured layered and nonlinear narrative forms, uses of lighting such as chiaroscuro, unusual camera angles, sound techniques borrowed from radio, deep focus shots and long takes. He has been praised as "the ultimate auteur".
In 2002 Welles was voted the greatest film director of all time in two British Film Institute polls among directors and critics. Known for his baritone voice, Welles was an actor in radio and film, a Shakespearean stage actor and magician noted for presenting troop variety shows in the war years. George Orson Welles was born May 6, 1915, in Kenosha, son of Richard Head Welles and Beatrice Ives Welles, he was named after his paternal great-grandfather, influential Kenosha attorney Orson S. Head, his brother George Head. An alternative story of the source of his first and middle names was told by George Ade, who met Welles's parents on a West Indies cruise toward the end of 1914. Ade was traveling with a friend, Orson Wells, the two of them sat at the same table as Mr. and Mrs. Richard Welles. Mrs. Welles was pregnant at the time, when they said good-by, she told them that she had enjoyed their company so much that if the child were a boy, she intended to name it for them: George Orson. Welles's birth announcement and a picture of him as a young boy are among George Ade's papers at Purdue University.
Despite his family's affluence, Welles encountered hardship in childhood. His parents separated and moved to Chicago in 1919, his father, who made a fortune as the inventor of a popular bicycle lamp, became an alcoholic and stopped working. Welles's mother, a pianist, played during lectures by Dudley Crafts Watson at the Art Institute of Chicago to support her son and herself. Beatrice died of hepatitis in a Chicago hospital on May 10, 1924, just after Welles's ninth birthday; the Gordon String Quartet, which had made its first appearance at her home in 1921, played at Beatrice's funeral. After his mother's death, Welles ceased pursuing music, it was decided that he would spend the summer with the Watson family at a private art colony in Wyoming, New York, established by Lydia Avery Coonley Ward. There he played and became friends with the children of the Aga Khan, including the 12-year-old Prince Aly Khan. In what Welles described as "a hectic period" in his life, he lived in a Chicago apartment with both his father and Dr. Maurice Bernstein, a Chicago physician, a close friend of both his parents.
Welles attended public school before his alcoholic father left business altogether and took him along on his travels to Jamaica and the Far East. When they returned they settled in a hotel in Grand Detour, owned by his father; when the hotel burned down and his father took to the road again."During the three years that Orson lived with his father, some observers wondered who took care of whom", wrote biographer Frank Brady."In some ways, he was never a young boy, you know," said Roger Hill, who became Welles's teacher and lifelong friend. Welles attended public school in Madison, enrolled in the fourth grade. On September 15, 1926, he entered the Todd Seminary for Boys, an expensive independent school in Woodstock, that his older brother, Richard Ives Welles, had attended ten years before until he was expelled for misbeha
Sherlock Holmes is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Referring to himself as a "consulting detective" in the stories, Holmes is known for his proficiency with observation, forensic science, logical reasoning that borders on the fantastic, which he employs when investigating cases for a wide variety of clients, including Scotland Yard. First appearing in print in 1887's A Study in Scarlet, the character's popularity became widespread with the first series of short stories in The Strand Magazine, beginning with "A Scandal in Bohemia" in 1891. All but one are set in the Victorian or Edwardian eras, between about 1880 and 1914. Most are narrated by the character of Holmes's friend and biographer Dr. Watson, who accompanies Holmes during his investigations and shares quarters with him at the address of 221B Baker Street, where many of the stories begin. Though not the first fictional detective, Sherlock Holmes is arguably the best known, with Guinness World Records listing him as the "most portrayed movie character" in history.
Holmes's popularity and fame are such that many have believed him to be not a fictional character but a real individual. Considered a British cultural icon, the character and stories have had a profound and lasting effect on mystery writing and popular culture as a whole, with the original tales as well as thousands written by authors other than Conan Doyle being adapted into stage and radio plays, films, video games, other media for over one hundred years. Edgar Allan Poe's C. Auguste Dupin is acknowledged as the first detective in fiction and served as the prototype for many that were created including Holmes. Conan Doyle once wrote, "Each is a root from which a whole literature has developed... Where was the detective story until Poe breathed the breath of life into it?" The stories of Émile Gaboriau's Monsieur Lecoq were popular at the time Conan Doyle began writing Holmes, Holmes' speech and behaviour sometimes follow that of Lecoq. Both Dupin and Lecoq are referenced at the beginning of A Study in Scarlet.
Conan Doyle said that Holmes was inspired by the real-life figure of Joseph Bell, a surgeon at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, whom Conan Doyle met in 1877 and had worked for as a clerk. Like Holmes, Bell was noted for drawing broad conclusions from minute observations. However, he wrote to Conan Doyle: "You are yourself Sherlock Holmes and well you know it". Sir Henry Littlejohn, Chair of Medical Jurisprudence at the University of Edinburgh Medical School, is cited as an inspiration for Holmes. Littlejohn, Police Surgeon and Medical Officer of Health in Edinburgh, provided Conan Doyle with a link between medical investigation and the detection of crime. Other inspirations have been considered. One has been argued to be Maximilien Heller, by French author Henry Cauvain, it is not known if Conan Doyle read Maximilien Heller, but he was fluent in French, in this 1871 novel, Henry Cauvain imagined a depressed, anti-social, opium-smoking polymath detective, operating in Paris. Michael Harrison has suggested that a German self-styled "consulting detective" named Walter Scherer may have been the model for Holmes.
Details about Sherlock Holmes' life are scarce in Conan Doyle's stories. Mentions of his early life and extended family paint a loose biographical picture of the detective. An estimate of Holmes's age in "His Last Bow" places his year of birth at 1854, his parents are not mentioned in the stories, although Holmes mentions that his "ancestors" were "country squires". In "The Adventure of the Greek Interpreter", he claims that his grandmother was sister to the French artist Vernet, without clarifying whether this was Claude Joseph, Carle, or Horace Vernet. Holmes's brother Mycroft, seven years his senior, is a government official. Mycroft has a unique civil service position as a kind of human database for all aspects of government policy, he lacks Sherlock's interest in physical investigation, preferring to spend his time at the Diogenes Club. Holmes says. A meeting with a classmate's father led him to adopt detection as a profession, he spent several years after university as a consultant before financial difficulties led him to accept John H. Watson as a fellow lodger.
The two take lodgings at 221B Baker Street, London, an apartment at the upper end of the street, up seventeen steps. Holmes worked as a detective for twenty-three years, with physician John Watson assisting him for seventeen, they were roommates before Watson's 1888 marriage and again after his wife's death. Their residence is maintained by Mrs. Hudson. Most of the stories are frame narratives, written from Watson's point of view as summaries of the detective's most interesting cases. Holmes calls Watson's writing sensational and populist, suggesting that it fails to and objectively report the "science" of his craft: Detection is, or ought to be, an exact science and should be treated in the same cold and unemotional manner. You have attempted to tinge it with romanticism, which produces much the same effect as if you worked a love-story... Some facts should be suppressed, or, at least, a just sense of proport