Article 1 – Democratic and Progressive Movement

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Democratic and Progressive Movement
Movimento Democratico e Progressista
Coordinator Roberto Speranza
Founded 25 February 2017
Split from Democratic Party
Headquarters Via Zanardelli, 34
00186 Rome
Youth wing Youth Movement of the Left
Ideology Social democracy[1][2]
Progressivism[3]
Political position Centre-left[4][5] to left-wing[6][7]
National affiliation Free and Equal
European affiliation none
European Parliament group Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Colours      Red
Chamber of Deputies
7 / 630
Senate
2 / 315
European Parliament
3 / 73
Regional Presidents
1 / 20
Website
articolo1mdp.it

Article 1 – Democratic and Progressive Movement (Italian: Articolo 1 – Movimento Democratico e Progressista, MDP),[8][9] most commonly known as Democrats and Progressives (Italian: Democratici e Progressisti), is a social-democratic political party in Italy, formed in February 2017 by a left-wing split from the Democratic Party (PD)[10][11][12][13] and soon joined by a group of splinters from the Italian Left (SI). The party is led by Roberto Speranza (coordinator) and its leading members include also Massimo D'Alema, Pier Luigi Bersani, Enrico Rossi (President of Tuscany) and Arturo Scotto.

Most of MDP leading members were formerly affiliated to the Democrats of the Left (DS), the name refers to article 1 of the Constitution that defines Italy as "a democratic republic based on labour" and affirms popular sovereignty.[11]

In late 2017 the party was a founding member of Free and Equal, a left-wing joint list for the 2018 general election.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

Since the 2013 leadership election of the PD, which saw the election of centrist Matteo Renzi as secretary, the party was riven by an internal struggle between Renzi's large majority (composed of Renziani, assorted centrists and moderate social democrats) and the left-wing factions, which were very critical of Renzi, his government (2014–2016) and his proposed constitutional reform, which was finally voted down in a constitutional referendum in December 2016.

After the splits of Possible (P) and Future to the Left (FaS), the standard-bearers of the left were Enrico Rossi (leader of the Democratic Socialists faction and President of Tuscany) and Roberto Speranza (leader of Reformist Area and former PD leader in the Chamber of Deputies). These were backed by former DS or PD leaders Massimo D'Alema, Pier Luigi Bersani and Guglielmo Epifani. Rossi and Speranza criticised Renzi all the line and, in this, they were joined by Michele Emiliano, President of Apulia;[14][15] in February 2017 Renzi resigned for secretary, triggering a new leadership election in a couple of months' time. This was not enough for the dissidents, who wanted a lengthier internal debate and a leadership election after the summer, while supporting Paolo Gentiloni' government and opposing an early general election.

At the same time, to the left of the PD, Left Ecology Freedom (SEL) was in the process of merging, along with minor parties and associations (notably including FaS), into the Italian Left (SI). A group of SI dissidents, led by Arturo Scotto, once a member of the DS too, and Massimiliano Smeriglio, who, like most SI members, hailed from the Communist Refoundation Party (PRC), looked interested in joining the Progressive Camp (CP), a political party launched by Giuliano Pisapia,[16][17] but they finally decided to join forces with the PD splinters, while not ruling out a rapprochement with the CP in the future[18] (that is what Smeriglio would do after the summer).[19]

Foundation[edit]

The new party was launched on 25 February 2017 during a convention in Rome, those who left the PD there included Vasco Errani,[20] a former President of Emilia-Romagna, and deputy minister of the Interior Filippo Bubbico,[21] while Emiliano backed down and decided to challenge Renzi in the party's "primaries" instead.[22][23]

Subsequently, 24 deputies and 14 senators left the PD and formed autonomous parliamentary groups both in the Chamber and the Senate, they were joined by 17 deputies and one senator from SI, two deputies from the Mixed Group, one from Civics and Innovators, and one senator from the For the Autonomies group; among these, one deputy and two senators were former members of the Five Star Movement. The groups elected Francesco Laforgia and Maria Cecilia Guerra as leaders, respectively.[24][8][9] Deputies and senators were followed by three members of the European Parliament: Antonio Panzeri, Massimo Paolucci and Flavio Zanonato.[25]

In October MDP's only member of the government, deputy minister of Interior Filippo Bubbico, resigned[26] and the party stopped supporting the Gentiloni cabinet.

Free and Equal[edit]

On 3 December 2017 the MDP was a founding member, along with SI and P, of Free and Equal (LeU), the left-wing joint list for the 2018 general election, which chose the President of the Senate and former anti-Mafia prosecutor Pietro Grasso as its leader and candidate for Prime Minister.[27]

Election results[edit]

Italian Parliament[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2018 into Free and Equal 3.4
7 / 630
Roberto Speranza
Senate of the Republic
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2018 into Free and Equal 3.3
2 / 315
Roberto Speranza

Regional Councils[edit]

Region Last election # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/−
Sicily 2017 100,583 (#9) (with SI) 5.2 (with SI)
1 / 70

Regional governments[edit]

Region Government Seats
Aosta Valley
0 / 35
Piedmont In majority coalition
2 / 51
Lombardy
0 / 80
Trentino-Alto Adige
0 / 70
Veneto In opposition
1 / 51
Friuli-Venezia Giulia
0 / 49
Emilia-Romagna In government
1 / 50
Liguria
0 / 31
Tuscany In government
2 / 41
Marche In majority coalition
1 / 31
Umbria In majority coalition
1 / 21
Lazio
1 / 51
Abruzzo In government
2 / 31
Molise
0 / 21
Campania
0 / 51
Apulia In majority coalition
2 / 51
Basilicata In majority coalition
1 / 21
Calabria
0 / 31
Sardinia In government
4 / 60
Sicily In opposition
1 / 70
Total seats
19 / 897

Leadership[edit]

Symbol[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alessandro Pascale (20 May 2017). "La (confusa) linea internazionale di Articolo 1 – MdP". la Città Futura. 
  2. ^ Monica Guerzoni (22 March 2017). "Articolo 1- Mdp presenta il simbolo:"I nostri fari? Democrazia e lavoro"". il Corriere della Sera. 
  3. ^ "Per una nuova Agenda sociale e progressista" (PDF). articolo1mdp.it. 
  4. ^ Francesca Schianchi (25 February 2017). "Nasce "Articolo 1 - Democratici e progressisti": "Non ci facciamo mettere sulla ridotta"". la Stampa. 
  5. ^ Domenico Cristiano (25 February 2017). "Nasce Articolo 1 – Movimento democratici e progressisti". Lineapress. 
  6. ^ Nella caccia al dicembre rosso manca persino il nome "sinistra"
  7. ^ Com'è messa la sinistra fuori dal PD
  8. ^ a b "Camera.it - XVII Legislatura - Deputati e Organi Parlamentari - Composizione gruppi Parlamentari". www.camera.it. 
  9. ^ a b "senato.it - Composizione del Gruppo Articolo 1 - Movimento democratico e progressista". www.senato.it. 
  10. ^ "Nasce Articolo 1- Movimento democratici progressisti. Speranza: "Lavoro e giovani prima di tutto"". 25 February 2017. 
  11. ^ a b Stefanoni, Franco. "Ecco il nome degli ex Pd: Articolo 1 Movimento dei democratici e progressisti". 
  12. ^ ""Democratici e progressisti" il nuovo nome degli ex Pd. Speranza: lavoro è nostra priorità". 
  13. ^ "Nasce il Movimento democratici e progressisti". 
  14. ^ "La contro-assemblea di Emiliano, Rossi e Speranza: "Insieme sabato a Roma". La minoranza andrà da Renzi domenica". 15 February 2017. 
  15. ^ "Pd, la minoranza sfida Renzi. Guerini ribatte: "Ultimatum non ricevibili"". 18 February 2017. 
  16. ^ "Arturo Scotto lascia Sinistra italiana e pensa ai gruppi parlamentari di Giuliano Pisapia". 12 February 2017. 
  17. ^ "Sinistra Italiana batte ogni record: scissione prima della nascita - neXt Quotidiano". 11 February 2017. 
  18. ^ "Scissione Pd, scelto il nome del nuovo partito: Movimento Democratico e Progressista. Location freak per il lancio". 24 February 2017. 
  19. ^ http://www.ilsole24ore.com/art/notizie/2017-10-08/pisapia-replica-speranza-avanti-solo-buon-viaggio-121549.shtml?uuid=AEwZSLhC
  20. ^ online, Redazione. "Vasco Errani spiega l'addio al Pd: "Detesto la deriva di questo partito"". 
  21. ^ "Pd, Orlando: mi candido. Violante lo appoggia. Bubbico e Errani via con Bersani - News - Italiaoggi". www.italiaoggi.it. 
  22. ^ "Emiliano resta nel Pd: "Mi candido alla segreteria. Questa è casa mia, nessuno può cacciarmi"". 
  23. ^ "Emiliano resta nel Pd e si candida segretario. Renzi: "Addii dolorosi, ma andiamo avanti"". 21 February 2017. 
  24. ^ "I Democratici e progressisti nascono in Parlamento: 37 alla Camera e 14 al Senato, capigruppo Laforgia e Guerra - Il Fatto Quotidiano". 28 February 2017. 
  25. ^ "Zanonato-Panzeri-Paolucci, addio al Pd al Parlamento Ue - Altre news - ANSA Europa". 2 March 2017. 
  26. ^ http://www.ansa.it/sito/notizie/economia/2017/10/03/manovra-86-mld-da-spending-e-evasione_b430a6b0-4bb9-4e86-9445-4426ac9ec568.html
  27. ^ http://www.ansa.it/sito/notizie/politica/2017/12/03/sinistra-allatlantico-nasce-lista-applauso-accoglie-grasso_bfa05cc2-c60d-4199-a483-be551f50c334.html

External links[edit]