They provide a time of reflection, research, presentation and/or production. They also allow an individual to explore his/her practice within another community, meeting new people, using new materials, art residencies emphasize the importance of meaningful and multi-layered cultural exchange and immersion into another culture. Some residency programs are incorporated within larger institutions, other organisations exist solely to support residential exchange programs. Residencies can be a part of museums, universities, galleries, studio spaces, theaters, artist-run spaces, municipalities, governmental offices and they can be seasonal, ongoing, or tied to a particular one-time event. They exist in urban spaces, rural villages, container ships, hundreds of such opportunities and organisations exist throughout the world. There is no model, and the expectations and requirements vary greatly. The relationship between the resident and the host is often an important aspect of a residency program, sometimes residents become quite involved in a community - giving presentations, workshops, or collaborating with local artists or the general public. At other times, they are secluded, with ample time to focus. Residency programs utilize a range of financial models. In some situations, residents must finance their own stay, finding funding and support from their own countries, there are also residency programs that provide part or all of the required finances to invited guests. The application processes also vary widely, not all programs organise an open call for applications, some opportunities are by invitation only, or are offered through special partnerships with other institutions, funding bodies, or organisations. Many times a residency experience is only the beginning of a longer relationship, residents often return to complete a project they started, to begin a new collaboration, or participate in an exhibition, panel or workshop. No two artist-in-residence programs are the same, each program has its own background and atmosphere. Working periods differ enormously, from two weeks to six months or sometimes even a year, there are also a lot of differences in financial resources, housing and studio facilities, application procedures, selection procedures, coaching and exhibiting. However, many centers offer unconditional hospitality, the artist is free to use the residency for his or her own purposes, most residential arts centers offer an application procedure which is open to artists from all nations, with or without deadlines. Usually artists are requested to send in documentation, a curriculum vitae, each institute has its own policy of adjudication. Participation is planned a long time in advance, usually six months, operating an artist-in-residence program costs money. Some residency programs cover all costs for the artist, some offering stipends and it is not unusual that residential art centers cover the costs only partially, which may make it necessary for the artist to find additional funding
Artist in Residence in the Village of the Arts, Bradenton, Florida, USA
Artist Gerald Cassidy's home in Santa Fe, circa 1937. Cassidy was a founding member of the Santa Fe art colony in the early 20th century.