Lech Poznań is a Polish professional football club based in Poznań and competing in the Ekstraklasa, the nation's highest division. The club is named after the legendary founder of the Polish nation; the club was established in 1922 as Lutnia Dębiec changing its name several times. From 1930 until 1994, the club was linked to Polish State Railways; as a result, its popular nickname is Kolejorz. The club's debut in the Polish top division took place in the year 1948; the brightest era of Lech was in early 1990s. Lech has won the Polish league a total of seven times, most in 2015, is the most popular football club in the Greater Poland region. In 1920, a group of young activists from the Catholic Youth Association decided to split off and form their own football team; the origin of Lech can be traced back to March 19, 1922 when it was registered as a football club. The clubs first official name was Towarzystwo Sportowe Liga Dębiec. In September 1922 the club gained a football pitch on Grzybowa street.
The first match for the club was played on September 17, 1922 against Sparta Poznań, which ended in a 1–1 draw. The club started its foundation in a low tier league, which at the time was the Class C; the club achieved promotion in 1928 to the Class B after six years of being in Class C. In 1932 the club was promoted to Class A. From there they could get promoted to the First National Division, but the club would not achieve that goal before the outbreak of World War II. In autumn of 1933 the Sportowy Kolejowego Przysposobienia Wojskowego Poznań was founded or KPW. In 1945, shortly after the war ended, sporting officials made Lech the first club from the city. In 1947, the Polish Football Association decided to create the first national division. At first the club was not admitted to the top flight, but the Kolejorz filed an appeal and the PZPN decided, in a special meeting, to extend the First Division to 14 teams, including the KKS and Widzew Łódź; the first match was against Widzew Łódź which Widzew won 4–3.
The club changed its name again in January 1957, this time to Klub Sportowy Lech Poznań and in December to Kolejowy Klub Sportowy Lech Poznań, which lasted throughout the history of the team. That same year turned out to be one of the worst for the club, since it finished in last position and was relegated to second division. Lech only gained twelve points in 22 games, despite having striker Teodor Anioła, the club's top scorer, with 141 goals and top scorer of the Polish championship in three consecutive editions. Along with Edmund Białas and Henryk Czapczyk, Anioła formed the famous trio known as ABC. During that period, the club managed to finish third in the First Division twice, as the best result, before its relegation to second division. Lech managed to return to first division in 1961, but after two seasons with poor results, the blue team fell again in 1963; the club went down to the third division known as the Interprovincial Division, in one of the biggest sports crisis of the organization.
In 1972 the club returned to the first division, in which they had to fight again to avoid relegation every season. Coach Jerzy Kopa, who arrived from Szombierki Bytom, was responsible for reviving Lech spectacularly, he took over the team in 1976. Kopa gathered players at a training camp in Błażejewo, saved the team from relegation and twelve months qualified for the first time to play in the European competition after finishing third in the league, just two points behind the champion, Wisła Kraków. Therefore, this transformation in performance was known as The Miracle of Błażejewo, his first participation in the UEFA Cup in 1978-79 was brief, as he was eliminated in the first round by the MSV Duisburg. The arrival of coach Wojciech Łazarek in 1980 at the club was key to overcome third place and European participation; that year the team reached the final of the Polish Cup for the first time, losing 0–5 to Legia Warsaw in Częstochowa. Two years the club managed to win the first title in its history, the Polish Cup, by defeating Pogoń Szczecin 1–0 in Wroclaw.
The league championships of 1983 and 1984 went down in history as they were the first two league titles of the Kolejorz and for winning on such tight margins against Widzew Łódź. The first league championship for Lech was a point of advantage over Widzew; the 15 goals scored by the top scorer of the tournament, Mirosław Okoński and the participation of other players like Krzysztof Pawlak and Józef Adamiec were important to win their first league championship. Meanwhile, the championship of the following season both teams staged an exciting tournament and tied at 42 points. Lech defended championship by having a better difference of goals than Widzew to break the tie; that season was historic for the blue team, as they got their first double by becoming champions of the Polish Cup, after winning in the final at Wisła Kraków. As Polish champions, Lech participated for the first time in the European Cup, although they could not pass the first round in the two seasons. In its first season it was eliminated by Athletic Club.
In the first leg in Poland, Mariusz Niewiadomski and Mirosław Okoński scored the first two Lech goals in the tournament and the team won 2–0. However, the return match in San Mamés was a nightmare for the Poles and the Spanish team qualified by winning 4–0; the following season the team faced the current champ
KS Cracovia (football)
KS Cracovia known as Cracovia, is a Polish sports club based in Kraków. Cracovia is the oldest Polish football club still in existence, has continually participated in competition since its founding on 13 June 1906 The early years of football in the city of Kraków are associated with professor Henryk Jordan, he was a Polish physician who had spent some time in Britain and after coming back to his native city introduced football to its youth. Jordan was a huge supporter of all gymnastics. On 12 March 1889, he founded The Park of Games and Plays in Kraków, called Jordan's Park. Places like this spread all across Austrian Galicia, apart from gymnastics, the youth there became acquainted with football. However, it was not Kraków; this happened in Lwów on 14 July 1894, with a six-minute match between the teams of Kraków. The home team proved better. Within the next few years, football emerged as a rising sport, it was popular among high school students and in the fall of 1903, a group of them created the team of Sława Lwów, the first Polish football club.
In 1904, a group of Lwów's students, together with professor Eugeniusz Piasecki, came to Kraków to play an exhibition match. The match ended in Lwów's 0–4 defeat, its far-reaching implications among Kraków's youth were enormous. 13 June 1906 is regarded as a crucial date in the history of football in Kraków. On that day, two matches of high school teams took place; these matches had been announced in Kraków's newspapers. Czarni Lwów beat the team of the IV Gymnasium beat Akademicy; the matches were warmly welcomed by Kraków's fans, who were surprised to see for the first time real football gear, brought by players from Lwów. 13 June is regarded as the day of Cracovia's creation. In the fall of 1906, another tournament took place. Prior to the matches, Jerzy Lustgarten from the team of Akademicy came up with the new name – Cracovia, a Latin name for Kraków; this was accepted and henceforth the new team's full name was Akademicki Klub Footballowy, Cracovia. On 21 October 1906, the teams of Cracovia and "Biało-czerwoni" played each other, drawing 1–1.
The next year, facing difficulties, those two teams decided to join forces, thus creating a stronger club, which took over the name Cracovia and white-red jerseys. The combined team went to Lwów on 1 July 1907, where they lost a game against Czarni, 1–4. In 1908, an Englishman named, he was a huge fan of football. It was in his apartment that pinup badges were handed out. In May of that year, Cracovia for the first time faced a team from abroad; this was Troppauer Sportverein, from the Czech city of Opava. In 1910, Cracovia's statutes were recognised by the Austrian government in Lwów and in the same year the club joined the Austrian Football Association, where it gained the proud title of the 1st class team. Kraków's side was active internationally playing Czech and Austrian teams. However, it did not forget its roots, it was due to Cracovia's initiative that the Polish Football Association was formed. On 31 March 1912, after two years' efforts, Cracovia received its own pitch; the same year brought the debut of Józef Kałuża, one of Cracovia's most popular players, who at first had to use the nickname "Kowalski".
The next year, Cracovia won the Championship of Austrian Galicia. However, in 1914, the matches were cancelled because of the outbreak of World War I. In spite of the war, Cracovia's football team did not cease its activities, playing several games with such renowned teams as Admira Wacker Wien and Wiener Sport-Club. In those years, new players emerged, such as defender Ludwik Gintel, midfielder Stanislaw Cikowski and forward Leon Sperling. All these footballers would become members of the Poland national team in the next few years, after Poland regained independence. Cracovia's great play in games against some elite teams of Hungarian football helped convince the Hungarians to invite Poland for an international friendly in 1921. In 1920, the budding PZPN was unable to carry out the championships of the whole country; the situation was insecure, Polish borders were not determined and Poland was waging several wars with its neighbours. Under the circumstances, the Kraków department of the PZPN organized its own matches.
The next year, in the 1921 matches, Cracovia became the historic champion of Poland. During the following years, the team traveled across Europe, playing in Scandinavia and Spain; the most memorable is the trip to Spain, which occurred in the fall of 1923. Cracovia showed itself as a good side, drawing 1–1 with Barcelona, winning 3–2 against Sevilla and losing to the renowned teams of Real Madrid and Valencia In 1928, Cracovia joined the Polish Football League, created a year earlier. Two years Kraków's side for the second time in its history became the Champion of Poland; this was repeated in 1932. At the end of the season, Cracovia placed ahead of such famous teams as Pogoń Lwów, Warta Poznań, Wisła Kra
Poland the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate. With a population of 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, Szczecin. Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north and Ukraine to the east and Czech Republic, to the south, Germany to the west; the establishment of the Polish state can be traced back to AD 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of the realm coextensive with the territory of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, in 1569 it cemented its longstanding political association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin; this union formed the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, one of the largest and most populous countries of 16th and 17th century Europe, with a uniquely liberal political system which adopted Europe's first written national constitution, the Constitution of 3 May 1791.
More than a century after the Partitions of Poland at the end of the 18th century, Poland regained its independence in 1918 with the Treaty of Versailles. In September 1939, World War II started with the invasion of Poland by Germany, followed by the Soviet Union invading Poland in accordance with the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. More than six million Polish citizens, including 90% of the country's Jews, perished in the war. In 1947, the Polish People's Republic was established as a satellite state under Soviet influence. In the aftermath of the Revolutions of 1989, most notably through the emergence of the Solidarity movement, Poland reestablished itself as a presidential democratic republic. Poland is regional power, it has the fifth largest economy by GDP in the European Union and one of the most dynamic economies in the world achieving a high rank on the Human Development Index. Additionally, the Polish Stock Exchange in Warsaw is the largest and most important in Central Europe. Poland is a developed country, which maintains a high-income economy along with high standards of living, life quality, safety and economic freedom.
Having a developed school educational system, the country provides free university education, state-funded social security, a universal health care system for all citizens. Poland has 15 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Poland is a member state of the European Union, the Schengen Area, the United Nations, NATO, the OECD, the Three Seas Initiative, the Visegrád Group; the origin of the name "Poland" derives from the West Slavic tribe of Polans that inhabited the Warta river basin of the historic Greater Poland region starting in the 6th century. The origin of the name "Polanie" itself derives from the early Slavic word "pole". In some languages, such as Hungarian, Lithuanian and Turkish, the exonym for Poland is Lechites, which derives from the name of a semi-legendary ruler of Polans, Lech I. Early Bronze Age in Poland begun around 2400 BC, while the Iron Age commenced in 750 BC. During this time, the Lusatian culture, spanning both the Bronze and Iron Ages, became prominent; the most famous archaeological find from the prehistory and protohistory of Poland is the Biskupin fortified settlement, dating from the Lusatian culture of the early Iron Age, around 700 BC.
Throughout the Antiquity period, many distinct ancient ethnic groups populated the regions of what is now Poland in an era that dates from about 400 BC to 500 AD. These groups are identified as Celtic, Slavic and Germanic tribes. Recent archeological findings in the Kujawy region, confirmed the presence of the Roman Legions on the territory of Poland; these were most expeditionary missions sent out to protect the amber trade. The exact time and routes of the original migration and settlement of Slavic peoples lacks written records and can only be defined as fragmented; the Slavic tribes who would form Poland migrated to these areas in the second half of the 5th century AD. Up until the creation of Mieszko's state and his subsequent conversion to Christianity in 966 AD, the main religion of Slavic tribes that inhabited the geographical area of present-day Poland was Slavic paganism. With the Baptism of Poland the Polish rulers accepted Christianity and the religious authority of the Roman Church.
However, the transition from paganism was not a smooth and instantaneous process for the rest of the population as evident from the pagan reaction of the 1030s. Poland began to form into a recognizable unitary and territorial entity around the middle of the 10th century under the Piast dynasty. Poland's first documented ruler, Mieszko I, accepted Christianity with the Baptism of Poland in 966, as the new official religion of his subjects; the bulk of the population converted in the course of the next few centuries. In 1000, Boleslaw the Brave, continuing the policy of his father Mieszko, held a Congress of Gniezno and created the metropolis of Gniezno and the dioceses of Kraków, Kołobrzeg, Wrocław. However, the pagan unrest led to the transfer of the capital to Kraków in 1038 by Casimir I the Restorer. In 1109, Prince Bolesław III Wrymouth defeated the King of Germany Henry V at the Battle of Hundsfeld, stopping the Ge
Wisła Kraków is a Polish football club based in Kraków. Wisła contends in the top level of the Polish football league system. Wisła is one of the oldest and most successful Polish football clubs, it ranks third in the number of national titles won, behind Górnik Zabrze and Ruch Chorzów, second in all-time victories. Wisła was founded in 1906 under the name TS Wisła; the club's coat of arms is a white star on a red background crossed by a blue ribbon. Wisła Kraków has been one of the most successful Polish football clubs in recent years, winning eight league championships since 1999. Along with league titles, Wisła won the Polish Cup on four occasions. Wisła enjoyed some success in European competitions in the 1970s, reaching the quarter-finals in the 1978–79 European Cup and winning the UEFA Intertoto Cup in 1969, 1970 and 1973. Wisła Kraków was founded in May 1906 when students of the Second Practical School in Kraków, inspired by their professor Tadeusz Łopuszański, formed a football club. In this first, historic season of the League, the fight for the championship was decided between two teams: Wisła Kraków and 1.
FC Katowice. This rivalry was treated seriously, not only by the two sides involved, but by the whole nation. 1. FC was regarded as the team supported by the German minority, while Wisła, at the end of this historic season, represented ambitions of all Poles; some time in the fall of 1927 in Katowice, an ill-fated game between 1. FC and Wisła took place. Stakes were high – the winner would become the Champion. Kraków's side became the Champion. 1. FC finished second, third was Warta Poznań. In 1949, the club was renamed to Gwardia-Wisła Kraków. In 1955 the club returned to TS Wisła. In 1967, the club was once again renamed, to GTS Wisła, a name which held until 1990 when the club reverted to its original name, TS Wisła. In the late 1990s, the football section of the club was incorporated and was renamed Wisła Kraków SSA; the club has had its ups and downs, winning national championships and earning European qualification. It was relegated to the second division on three occasions. Since the football section has been bought by Tele-Fonika Kable S.
A. in 1998, the team has been far and away the most successful club in Poland, winning seven national championships and finishing in second place three times, totalling ten top two finishes in 12 years. At international level, Wisła has competed in all three of the European competitions; the club's greatest success came in the 1978–79 season, when Wisła was able to reach the quarter-finals of the European Cup to be knocked out by Malmö FF 3–5 on aggregate. Most Wisła narrowly missed out on a chance to compete in the 2005–06 UEFA Champions League group stage, being defeated 4–5 by Panathinaikos after extra time. Wisła twice reached the second round of the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1967–68 and 1984–85, falling 0–5 and 2–3 by Hamburger SV and Fortuna Sittard respectively; the White Star has competed in the UEFA Cup ten times. Wisła's Stadium is located at 22 Reymonta Street in Kraków; the stadium was built in 1953 and has a capacity of 34,000. The stadium was renovated in 2010; the Wisła Stadium has been chosen as a reserve venue for the UEFA Euro 2012 tournament, jointly held in Poland and Ukraine.
The record attendance of 45,000 at Wisła Stadium came on 29 September 1976 when Wisła defeated Celtic 2–0. The venue has been a fortress for Wisła, where the team is difficult to defeat, it is worth noting that Wisła holds the all-time European football record for consecutive home games without a loss. The streak began following a loss on 16 September 2001 to KSZO Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski, ended more than five years on 11 November 2006, when GKS Bełchatów defeated Wisła 4–2; the number of matches without a loss was settled at 73, overcoming the former Polish record of 48 which belonged to Legia Warsaw. During the 2008–09 season, Wisła lost points at home only twice, drawing with ŁKS Łódź and being defeated by Lech Poznań. Wisła fans had relations with Lechia Gdańsk and Śląsk Wrocław until 2016, when their alliance fell apart, they formed a new group with Widzew Łódź which divided Wisła fans. The club has relations with Italian side Lazio, held relations with Unia Tarnów; the term "Holy War" refers to the intense rivalry between the two Kraków-based teams.
In 1906, the establishment of the two first Polish football clubs and Wisła, created a rivalry that now dates back more than 100 years. The term "Holy War" was first used to describe the rivalry of Kraków's Jewish teams and Jutrzenka. A Jutrzenka defender, Ludwik Gintel, who joined the Cracovia side referred to the derby match against Wisła as the "Holy War"; the phrase was incorporated into a song and has since been popular amongst both Wisła and Cracovia fans. The first recorded Kraków Derby was contested on a 1 -- 1 draw. A historic derby match between Cracovia and Wisła occurred on 8 May 1913, it was the first time Polish teams played a championship game sanctioned by FIFA. The most famous derby took place in 1948 when after the first post-war season, both Cracovia and Wisła accumulated an amount of points and the championship had to be decided by an additional game played at a neutral venue. On 5 December 1948, Cracovia was crowned national champions; as of May 2011, the Kraków derby game between Wisła and Cracovia has been contested 183 times, with Wisła winning 82 times, tying 42 times and Cracovia winning 59 times.
The match contested betwe