The Martian Manhunter is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by writer Joseph Samachson and designed by artist Joe Certa, the character first appeared in the story "The Manhunter from Mars" in Detective Comics #225. Martian Manhunter is one of the seven original members of the Justice League of America and one of the most powerful beings in the DC Universe. Martian Manhunter has been featured in other DC Comics-endorsed products, such as video games, television series, animated films, merchandise like action figures and trading cards; the character was ranked #43 on IGN's greatest comic book hero list. Martian Manhunter was played by David Ogden Stiers in the 1997 Justice League of America live-action television pilot. Phil Morris portrayed him in the television series Smallville. David Harewood portrays the human guise of Martian Manhunter on Supergirl; the Martian Manhunter debuted in the back-up story "The Strange Experiment of Dr. Erdel" in Detective Comics #225, written by Joseph Samachson and illustrated by Joe Certa.
The character is a green-skinned extraterrestrial humanoid from the planet Mars, pulled to Earth by an experimental teleportation beam constructed by Dr. Saul Erdel; the Martian tells Erdel where he is from, is told that to send him back will require the computer brain's thinking plot to be changed. The shock of the encounter leaves J'onzz with no way of returning home; the character decides to fight crime while waiting for Martian technology to advance to a stage that will enable his rescue. To that end, he adopts the identity of John Jones, a detective in the fictional Middletown, U. S. A. During this period, the character and his back story differ in some minor and some significant ways from modern treatments. Firstly, as with his counterpart, the Silver Age Superman, J'onzz's power range is poorly defined, his powers expand over time as the plot demands; the addition of precognitive abilities is followed by telepathy and flight, "atomic vision", super-hearing, many other powers. In addition, his customary weakness to fire is only manifested when he is in his native Martian form.
A more significant difference is that in this version of him, there is no suggestion that Mars is a dead planet or that the character is the last of his kind. Many of the tales of the time feature either Martian technology or the appearance of other Martian characters. Detective Comics #236, for example, features the character making contact with the planet Mars and his parents. J'onzz reveals his existence to the world, after which he operates as a superhero and becomes a charter member of the Justice League. During the character's initial few years as a member of the Justice League, he is used as a substitute for Superman in stories as DC Comics were worried about using their flagship characters too in Justice League stories, fearing overexposure; the Martian and the archer inaugurated the team-up format of the Bold. J'onzz appears there one other time, working with the Flash. In some stories he is shown travelling through space to other planets; the detective John Jones is ostensibly killed in action by the Idol Head of Diabolu, an artifact which generates supernatural monsters.
J'onzz abandons the civilian identity as he decides fighting this new menace will take a great deal of his time. At this point his feature moves to House of Mystery, where J'onzz spends the next few years in battle against the Idol Head. Shortly after its defeat, he takes the persona of Marco Xavier in order to infiltrate the international crime cartel known as VULTURE, which he defeats in the final installment of his original series; as Superman was allowed by DC to become a active member of the Justice League, J'onzz's appearances there dwindled. He last participated in a mission in his original tenure in #61, shortly before his solo series was discontinued. In #71, his people came to Earth for him, he left with them to found and become leader of New Mars. Over the next 15 years, J'onzz appeared sporadically in various DC titles. In 1972, Superman was teleported to New Mars. J'onzz returned to Earth by spaceship in 1975. J'onzz made another trip to Earth shortly thereafter, leading to Superman and Batman fighting alongside him on New Mars.
Three years he was discovered playing cosmic-level chess with Despero, using JLA-ers as the pieces. The Martian again encountered Superman in outer space, he permanently resurfaced in the DC Universe in 1984. Shortly thereafter, the League had several members resign, leaving an opening for the Manhunter to take. In staying on Earth, he decided to revive his John Jones identity, this time as a private detective, but had to explain his 20-year "disappearance". In early 1987, DC revamped its struggling Justice League of America series by re-launching the title as Justice League; this new series, written by Keith Giffen and J. M. DeMatteis with art by Kevin Maguire, added quirky humor to the team's stories. J'onzz is present from the first issue and within the stories is used as a straight man for other characters in comical situations; the series added a number of elements to his back story that have remained to the present. The 1988 four-issue miniseries Martian Manhunter by J. M. DeMatteis and Mark Badger further redefined the character and changed a number of important
Brainiac is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics as an adversary of Superman, his second deadliest archenemy after Lex Luthor, a frequent enemy of the Justice League. Brainiac is depicted as an extraterrestrial cyborg or android, he is one of Superman's primary enemies, is responsible for shrinking and stealing Kandor, the capital city of Superman's home planet Krypton. In some continuities, he is responsible for Krypton's destruction. Due to multiple revisions of DC's continuity, several variations of Brainiac have appeared. Most incarnations of Brainiac depict him as a green-skinned being in humanoid form, he is bald, with a set of linked electrode-like objects protruding from his skull. His name is a portmanteau of the words maniac. In 2009, Brainiac was ranked as IGN's 17th Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time. Brainiac first appeared in Action Comics #242, was created by Otto Binder and Al Plastino. First appearing in Action Comics #242, Brainiac is a bald, green-skinned humanoid who arrived on Earth and shrank various cities, including Metropolis, storing them in bottles with the intent of using them to restore the then-unnamed planet he ruled.
He is notable only for his having shrunk the bottle city of Kandor, for having a shrinking ray, for using a force field. In subsequent appearances in this early period, Brainiac is used as a plot device rather than as a featured villain of the month. Brainiac's next appearance is behind the scenes, when he tries to kill Lois Lane and Lana Lang, prompting Superman to give Lois and Lana superpowers, but the villain remains unseen except as a plot twist at the end of the story. Brainiac's next appearance in "Superman's Return to Krypton" in Superman #141 displays how the villain stole the bottle city of Kandor, tragically the only city on Krypton that believes Jor-El's warning of doom for the planet, had built a space ark within the city to save the population. Brainiac's next present-day appearance is in Action Comics #275, which shows the villain planning to defeat Superman by exposing him to both red and green kryptonite, giving Superman a third eye on the back of his head, forcing him to wear various hats to hide it.
Superman soon sends him off into the distant past. This is the first in-story appearance of Brainiac's iconic red diode/electrode-like objects atop his head, which had appeared on the cover of his first appearance in Action Comics #242, but were not shown in the actual story. In "Superboy" #106, Superman as a baby meets Brainiac and it is explained that Brainiac looks the same as he has a 200-year life span, it is revealed that he came from a planet called Bryak and after a voyage in space, he returns to find everybody dead from a plague. He intends to get people from other planets to repopulate Bryak. Brainiac's legacy was revealed in a Legion of Super-Heroes back-up story; this story introduced a green-skinned, blond-haired teenager named Querl Dox, or Brainiac 5, who claimed to be Brainiac's 30th century descendant. Unlike his ancestor, Brainiac 5 used his "twelfth-level intellect" for the forces of good and joined the Legion alongside Supergirl, with whom he fell in love, his home planet was given variously as Yod or Colu.
In Superman #167, it was retconned that Brainiac was a machine created by the Computer Tyrants of Colu as a spy for them to invade other worlds, for which he was given a non-computer appearance. Brainiac's distinctive gridwork of red diodes across his head are explained, he was created with visible "electric terminals of his sensory'nerves'" that he cannot function without. Luthor discovers that the Computers could have given him a twelfth-level intellect, but gave him a tenth-level, the same as them, so he would not try to dominate them. Luthor increases his intelligence. However, Brainiac tricks Luthor by making a device that hypnotizes Luthor, who removes the timer and forgets Brainiac is a computer. Explaining the 1961 introduction of Brainiac's descendant Brainiac 5, his biological disguise included an adopted "son", a young Coluan boy, given the name "Brainiac 2". In the same issue, the letter column contained a "special announcement" explaining that the change in the characterization of Brainiac was being made "in deference" to the "Brainiac Computer Kit", a toy computer created by Edmund Berkeley and based on the Geniac that predated the creation of the comic book character.
The boy, whose name was Vril Dox, went on to lead a revolt against the Computer Tyrants destroying them. Brainiac sees a monument to this. At some indeterminate point in time, Brainiac fled into the 30th century. Developing the ability to absorb and manipulate massive amounts of stellar energy, he remade himself as "Pulsar Stargrave", he became a powerful enemy of the Legion of Super-Heroes, once masqueraded as Brainiac 5's biological father. In current continuity, Brainiac's connection to Pulsar Stargrave remains an open question, one Brainiac 5 has yet to resolve. In the 1980s, DC Comics attempted to re-define several aspects of its Superman series in order to boost sagging sales. At the same time as Lex Luthor acquired his green-and-purple Lexorian battlesuit, Brainiac was re-envisioned (under the ausp
The Suicide Squad is the name of a fictional supervillain team appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The first version of the Suicide Squad debuted in The Brave and the Bold #25 and the second and modern version, created by John Ostrander, debuted in Legends #3. One of the two teams saves the world from a threatening race of savages; the modern incarnation of the Suicide Squad is Task Force X—a team of incarcerated supervillains who carry out secret missions in exchange for reduced prison sentences. The Suicide Squad's name alludes to the dangerous nature of their missions; the team is based out of Belle Reve Penitentiary under the directorship of Amanda Waller. Various incarnations of the Suicide Squad have existed throughout the years as depicted in several self-titled comic book series, from its origins in the Silver Age, to its modern-day Post-Crisis reimagining, to the current version, introduced in the 2016 DC Rebirth continuity reboot; the current incarnation of the team appears in the fifth volume of the Suicide Squad comic series, the recurring members include Captain Boomerang, Enchantress, Harley Quinn and Killer Croc.
The group has appeared in various adaptations, including television series and an eponymous 2016 feature film. Featured in The Brave and the Bold, the original Suicide Squad team included Rick Flag Jr. his girlfriend Karen Grace, Dr. Hugh Evans and Jess Bright; this team was created by artist Ross Andru. The Suicide Squad was revived in the Legends miniseries with writer John Ostrander at the helm; the renewed concept involved the government employing a group of supervillains to perform missions that were suicide runs, a concept popular enough for an ongoing series titled Suicide Squad. The squad was paired together with DC's other government agency, Checkmate—culminating in the Janus Directive crossover. While the Squad is depicted as succeeding on their missions, failure resulted. Ostrander remarked on how Squad stories sometimes purposefully brought in characters to be killed off; the team's name, Suicide Squad, relates to the idea that this group of characters is sent on dangerous and difficult missions—suicide missions.
Suicide Squad lasted 66 issues, along with one special. After the series' cancellation in 1992, the Squad went on to make several guest appearances in titles such as Superboy, Hawk & Dove and Adventures of Superman. Suicide Squad was published in 2001, written with art by Paco Medina. Though the series' first issue featured a Squad composed of Giffen's Injustice League members, the roster was promptly slaughtered, save for Major Disaster and Multi-Man; these developments prompt Sgt. Rock, by now written into the role of squad leader, to recruit new members—numerous of whom died during the missions they undertook. Suicide Squad was an eight-issue miniseries published in 2007, it featured the return of writer John Ostrander, with art by Javier Pina. The story focused on the return of Rick Flag Jr. and the formation of a new Squad for the purpose of attacking a corporation responsible for the development of a deadly bio-weapon. Suicide Squad debuted as part of DC Comics' line-wide New 52 continuity reboot in 2011.
The relaunched book was written by Adam Glass, with art by Ransom Getty. Amanda Waller once again directs the group from behind the scenes; this series concluded in 2014, with issue #30. New Suicide Squad was launched in July 2014. Written by Sean Ryan with art by Jeremy Roberts, the new series continues to feature Deadshot and Harley Quinn, with Deathstroke, Black Manta, Joker's Daughter added to the mix; the original Suicide Squad appeared in six issues of the Bold. Although this early incarnation of the team did not have the espionage trappings of Squads, it laid much of the groundwork for squad field leader Rick Flag Jr.'s personal history. The team's administrator Amanda Waller was introduced in the Legends miniseries, with the original Silver Age Squad's backstory fleshed out further in Secret Origins #14; the original Suicide Squad first appears in The Brave and the Bold #25. Team members appearing in the debut issue include physicist Jess Bright; the characters have follow-up appearances in issues #26, #27 and #37-#39.
The team's introductory story depicts them being called in to deal with a super-heated red-hued object, called the "Red Wave", heading toward a seaside resort and boiling the ocean along the way. They travel in a plane equipped with a analysis lab. Follow-up appearances show the team dealing with a variety of challenges: a meteor storm, a giant serpent in the Paris subway tunnels, a giant monster that captures Karin and a nuclear bomb. Issues # 38 and # 39 show the team meeting the leader of the Cyclops. In the midst of Darkseid's attempt to turn humanity against Earth's superheroes via his minion Glorious Godfrey, Amanda Waller assigns Rick Flag Jr. leadership of a reformed Task Force X. Blockbuster, Bronze Tiger, Captain Boomerang and Enchantress comprise Task Force X; the squad's first mission is to eliminate Darkseid's rampaging fire elemental Brimstone. Waller dismisses th
The DC Universe is the fictional shared universe where most stories in American comic book titles published by DC Comics take place. DC superheroes such as Superman and Wonder Woman are from this universe, it contains well known supervillains such as Lex Luthor, the Joker and Darkseid. In context, the term "DC Universe" refers to the main DC continuity; the term "DC Multiverse" refers to the collection of all continuities within DC Comics publications. Within the Multiverse, the main DC Universe has gone by many names, but in recent years has been referred to by "Prime Earth" or "Earth 0"; the main DC Universe, as well as the alternate realities related to it, began as the first shared universe in comic books and were adapted to other media such as film serials or radio dramas. In subsequent decades, the continuity between all of these media became complex with certain storylines and events designed to simplify or streamline the more confusing aspects of characters' histories; the fact that DC Comics characters coexisted in the same world was first established in All Star Comics #3 where several superheroes met each other in a group dubbed the Justice Society of America.
Subsequently, the Justice Society was reintroduced as the Justice League of America, founded with Major League Baseball's National League and American League as inspiration for the name. The comic book that introduced the Justice League was titled The Brave and the Bold However, the majority of National/DC's publications continued to be written with little regard of maintaining continuity with each other for the first few decades. Over the course of its publishing history, DC has introduced different versions of its characters, sometimes presenting them as if the earlier version had never existed, among them the Flash, Green Lantern, Hawkman, in the late 1950s, with similar powers but different names and personal histories, they had characters such as Batman whose early adventures set in the 1940s could not be reconciled with stories featuring a still-youthful man in the 1970s. To explain this, they introduced the idea of the Multiverse in Flash #123 where the Silver Age Flash met his Golden Age counterpart.
In addition to allowing the conflicting stories to "co-exist", it allowed the differing versions of characters to meet, team up to combat cross-universe threats. The writers gave designations such as "Earth-One", "Earth-Two", so forth, to certain universes, designations which at times were used by the characters themselves. Earth-One was the primary world of this publication era. Over the years, as the number of titles published increased and the volume of past stories accumulated, it became difficult to maintain internal consistency. In the face of diminishing sales, maintaining the status quo of their most popular characters became attractive. Although retcons were used as a way to explain apparent inconsistencies in stories written, editors at DC came to consider the varied continuity of multiple Earths too difficult to keep track of, feared that it was an obstacle to accessibility for new readers. To address this, they published the cross-universe miniseries Crisis on Infinite Earths in 1985, which merged universes and characters, reducing the Multiverse to a single unnamed universe with a single history.
However, not all the books rebooted post-Crisis. For example, the Legion of Superheroes book acted as if the Pre-Crisis Earth-1 history was still their past, a point driven home in the Cosmic Boy miniseries, it removed the mechanism DC had been using to deal with continuity glitches or storylines that a writer wanted to ignore resulting in a convoluted explanation for characters like Hawkman. The Zero Hour limited series gave them an opportunity to revise timelines and rewrite the DC Universe history; however this failed right out of the gate as the writers had Waverider state all alternate histories had been wiped and yet have the Armageddon 2001 saga in the timeline which required multiple timelines to work. As a result once per decade since the 1980s, the DC Universe experiences a major crisis that allows any number of changes from new versions of characters to appear as a whole reboot of the universe, restarting nominally all the characters into a new and modernized version of their lives.
Meanwhile, DC has published occasional stories called Elseworlds, which presented alternate versions of its characters. One told the story of Bruce Wayne as a Green Lantern. In another tale, Superman: Speeding Bullets, the rocket ship that brought the infant Superman to Earth was discovered by the Wayne family of Gotham City rather than the Kents. In 1999, The Kingdom reintroduced a variant of the old Multiverse concept called Hypertime which allows for alternate versions of characters and worlds again; the entire process was inspired by Alan Moore's meta-comic, Supreme: Story of the Year. The Convergence crossover retconned the events of Crisis after heroes in that series went back in time to prevent the collapse of the Multiverse. However, Brainiac states "Each world has evolved but they all still exist", it has been confirmed that all previous worlds and timelines now exist, that there multiple Multiverses now in existence, such as the Pre-Crisis infinite Multiverse, the collapsed Earth, the Pre-New 52 52 worlds Multiverse.
The Infinite Crisis event remade the DC Universe yet again, with new changes. The limited series 52 established that a new multiverse now existed, with Earth-0 as the primary Earth; the 2011 reboo
Justice League Task Force (comics)
Justice League Task Force was an American monthly comic book series published by DC Comics from June 1993 to August 1996. At the time the Justice League was featured in three separate series: Justice League America, Justice League Europe and Justice League Quarterly. Justice League Task Force was a spinoff of Justice League Europe, a series which ran from April 1989 to May 1993. Like JLE, this team carried a United Nations charter. In fact, JLTF was composed of several former JLE members; the team was called to action by Hannibal Martin, a representative of the U. N.. He asked that Martian Manhunter select a "strike team" of fellow Justice League members and to "lead them on a special mission"; because of the varied nature of the missions the Task Force would be employed on, the versatility of the concept, various writers and artists were featured on this title. Up to issue #13 most writers wrote only up to three issues, which changed when Mark Waid came on board, who wrote Justice League Task Force for eight issues and changed the concept to what it would become.
His last few issues were co-written with Christopher Priest, who came on at issue #18 and wrote the title up to its cancellation at issue #37. Similar to the role of the writers, few pencillers stuck around for more than one or two issues, with exception being Sal Velluto, alongside David Michelinie created the book, pencilled 22 issues of the title; the only other regular artist was Ramon Bernado, who pencilled nine issues in total and pencilled the title's last few issues. Because the Justice League Task force had a variable line-up, there was no definite number of stable members, aside from the Martian Manhunter and Gypsy, who appeared in every issue of the run. Other members who made regular appearances include Ray, L-Ron and Mystek. Gypsy L-Ron Martian Manhunter Mystek Ray Triumph The first mission of this new Justice League team concern a group of rebels, led by Rafael Sierra, who are planning to assassinate Sanobel President Enrique Ramos, they enlist the aid of Count Jeremy Glass, who produces a superlaser that "projects death from miles away", a device the rebels are reluctant to use.
Nightwing is assigned by Hannibal Martin to stop Sierra on his own. Meanwhile the Task Force engages the rebels. During an ensuing fight at the palace, Ramos hurries to shut down the superlaser and finds himself in Nightwing's sights, but, in a crisis of conscience, the superhero cannot pull the trigger. Ramos destroys the machine, but at the cost of his own life; as the story ends, Rafael Sierra becomes President, Martin reveals that he selected Nightwing because he knew that the hero would never kill. Nightwing and Flash quit the team in anger. Gypsy proceeds to go on a solo mission in issue #4, in which she and the Martian Manhunter defeat Sa'ar, the Ageless One. Afterward the team becomes involved with the KnightQuest, in which they aid Bruce Wayne in the search of Dr. Kinsolving and Jack Drake (father of Tim Drake, the third Robin; the team next encompasses a complete female membership in order to save the life of Henry R. Haggard, who carries with him a deadly virus, from a savage female tribe.
Martian Manhunter is faced with more trouble when two New Blood heroes, Joe Public and Geist seek his mentorship, but by the end of the tale in issue #9, they revoke their membership in the League, confident that they're not cut out to be superheroes. Next, the Aryan Nation plans to release a virus; the League is capable of infiltrating the group, but are soon compromised when one the Nation's members recognizes Peter Cannon, Thunderbolt. The League manages to escape with the help of Hourman and stop the virus from being spread. After the mission, Hannibal Martin reveals the return of L-Ron, still inhabitting the body of old foe Despero, to warn the team of the coming threat of the Overmaster. Shortly afterward, the Justice League collectively faces the Overmaster, who kills the superheroine Ice in Justice League Task Force #14. During the assault on Overmaster's citadel, Gypsy is left behind in an Arctic wasteland as the main group forged forward, leading her to quit the team after the battle.
The Task Force become embroiled in the Zero Hour conflict, Triumph, a hero retconned into having been a founding member of the original Justice League and joins the team. After Zero Hour, the Martian Manhunter and L-Ron assemble a new group, making the Task Force a training ground for new heroes, the team consists of themselves, the Ray and a returned Gypsy; the new team fits well together, but Gypsy has trouble reconciling with the fact that the Despero on the team is not the Despero that killed her parents. As they train together, they are called to aid Vandal Savage, whose supply of replacement body parts and organs has been stolen, they are able to uncover the perpetrator, but do not allow Vandal Savage to kill her, earning them his wrath as he destroys their headquarters. Gypsy's fears are added too when she and the team face Baron Űman von Mauler, who believes Gypsy to be his long-dead wife Nakia, she narrowly defeats him, proceeds to hitchhike her way through Romania, leaving behind her teammates.
She ends up at Bronze Tiger's place, where the Martian Manhunter asks her to rejoin the team. During this ru
Black Manta is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by Bob Haney and Nick Cardy, the character was introduced in Aquaman #35 as a ruthless and murderous underwater-based mercenary, has since endured as the archenemy of the superhero Aquaman; the character has been adapted from the comics into various forms of media, including several cartoon television series, animated movies, video games. Black Manta made his live-action cinematic debut in the 2018 DC Extended Universe film Aquaman, portrayed by actor Yahya Abdul-Mateen II. Black Manta had no definitive origin story until #6 of the 1993 Aquaman series. In this origin, the African American boy who would become Black Manta grew up in Baltimore and loved to play by the Chesapeake Bay. Throughout his youth he was kidnapped and forced to work on a ship for an unspecified amount of time, where he was physically abused by his captors. At one point, he saw Aquaman with his dolphin friends and tried to signal him for help but was not seen.
He was forced to defend himself, killing one of his tormentors on the ship with a knife. Hating the emotionless sea and Aquaman, whom he saw as its representative, the boy was determined to become its master. An alternative version was given in #8 of the 2003 Aquaman series. In this origin, the boy who would become Black Manta was an autistic orphan placed in Gotham City's Arkham Asylum, he found cotton sheets excruciatingly painful. Because the attendants at Arkham did not know how to deal with autism, they would end up restraining him to the bed as he struggled and screamed whenever they tried putting him to bed. In this version, young Black Manta was fascinated when he saw Aquaman on television; the boy would end up being subjected to experimental treatments. One treatment left him violent as a result; as an adult, the man who would become Black Manta designed a costume and fashioned a high-tech submersible inspired by manta rays. Taking the name Black Manta, he and his masked army became a formidable force, engaging in at least one unrecorded clash with Aquaman prior to his first appearance as a rival to the Ocean Master.
His first name, David, is revealed in the 2010 Brightest Day storyline, although his last name has not been revealed. Though he does use the alias of "David Hyde," which features the same last name that his biological son, Kaldur'ahm aka Jackson Hyde has. Black Manta and Aquaman battled over the next several years. During one of these clashes, it is revealed that Black Manta is black, whose stated objective at one point was for black people to dominate the ocean after having been oppressed for so long on dry land. During most of his appearances, his main goals are defeating Aquaman and gaining power for himself through the conquest of Atlantis. Manta kills Arthur Curry, Jr. Aquaman's son, which leaves Aquaman obsessed with revenge. Black Manta is transformed into a human/manta ray hybrid by the demon Neron in exchange for his soul, though after a while he returns to wearing his original outfit, which covers his new appearance. At one point he engages in drug smuggling from his new base in Star City, where he is opposed by a returning Green Arrow and Aquaman.
In a confrontation, sporting the Lady of the Lake's Healing Hand, reverses Neron's alterations to Black Manta and rewires Manta's afflicted brain, making him normal for the first time in his life. Manta remains a violent criminal, lulling Aquaman into a false sense of partnership and killing the Sea King in the process. In events, Black Manta is used as a genetic manipulation test subject to make water breathers; this succeeds. Black Manta causes a disturbance in Sub Diego in which Captain Marley is injured. Aquaman leaves him for dead, it is revealed that Black Manta was able to survive by generating an electric charge with his suit. One Year Later, he is forced to flee when King Shark bites off his face; when Aquaman dies at the end of the 2003 series, Black Manta begins working for Libra as part of the Secret Society of Super Villains. However, after Libra betrays the group and helps Darkseid conquer the Earth, Black Manta quits. In a 2011 Brightest Day storyline called "Aquawar", Black Manta has retired from his criminal ways.
He has opened a fish market to earn an honest living. When he discovers that Aquaman has been resurrected following the end of the Blackest Night, Black Manta murders the customers in the store and burns down his shorefront house as he resumes his criminal career and vendetta against Aquaman. Black Manta is seen at the grave of Thomas Curry, Aquaman's father, where he is approached by Siren and her Death Squad after demolishing the tombstone; the Death Squad battles Black Manta. She informs Black Manta that they need to work together to find his son, showing him a hard water image of Jackson Hyde. Black Manta and Siren locate attempt to kill his foster father. Jackson (using his ability to create hard water constr
Fiction broadly refers to any narrative, derived from the imagination—in other words, not based on history or fact. It can refer, more narrowly, to narratives written only in prose, is used as a synonym for the novel. In its most narrow usage fiction refers to novels, but it may denote any "literary narrative", including novels and short stories. More broadly, fiction has come to encompass imaginative storytelling in any format, including writings, theatrical performances, films, television programs, games, so on. A work of fiction implies the inventive act of constructing an imaginary world, so its audience does not expect it to be faithful to the real world in presenting only characters who are actual people or descriptions that are factually true. Instead, the context of fiction understood as not adhering to the real world, is more open to interpretation. Characters and events within a fictional work may be set in their own context separate from the known universe: an independent fictional universe.
Fiction's traditional opposite is non-fiction, a narrative work whose creator assumes responsibility for presenting only the historical and factual truth. The distinction between fiction and non-fiction however can be unclear in some recent artistic and literary movements, such as postmodern literature. Traditionally, fiction includes novels, short stories, legends, fairy tales and narrative poetry, plays. However, fiction may encompass comic books, many animated cartoons, stop motions, manga, video games, radio programs, television programs, etc; the Internet has had a major impact on the creation and distribution of fiction, calling into question the feasibility of copyright as a means to ensure royalties are paid to copyright holders. Digital libraries such as Project Gutenberg make public domain texts more available; the combination of inexpensive home computers, the Internet and the creativity of its users has led to new forms of fiction, such as interactive computer games or computer-generated comics.
Countless forums for fan fiction can be found online, where loyal followers of specific fictional realms create and distribute derivative stories. The Internet is used for the development of blog fiction, where a story is delivered through a blog either as flash fiction or serial blog, collaborative fiction, where a story is written sequentially by different authors, or the entire text can be revised by anyone using a wiki. Types of literary fiction in prose include: Short story: A work of at least 2,000 words but under 7,500 words; the boundary between a long short story and a novella is vague. Novella: A work of at least 7,500 words but under 50,000 words. Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness is an example of a novella. Novel: A work of 50,000 words or more. Fiction is broken down into a variety of genres: subsets of fiction, each differentiated by a particular unifying tone or style, narrative technique, media content, or popularly defined criterion. Science fiction, for example, predicts or supposes technologies that are not realities at the time of the work's creation: Jules Verne's novel From the Earth to the Moon was published in 1865 and only in 1969 did astronaut Neil Armstrong first land on the moon.
Historical fiction places imaginary characters into real historical events. In the early historical novel Waverley, Sir Walter Scott's fictional character Edward Waverley meets a figure from history, Bonnie Prince Charlie, takes part in the Battle of Prestonpans; some works of fiction are or re-imagined based on some true story, or a reconstructed biography. When the fictional story is based on fact, there may be additions and subtractions from the true story to make it more interesting. An example is Tim O'Brien's The Things They Carried, a series of short stories about the Vietnam War. Fictional works that explicitly involve supernatural, magical, or scientifically impossible elements are classified under the genre of fantasy, including Lewis Carroll's Alice In Wonderland, J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter series, J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings. Creators of fantasy sometimes introduce imaginary beings such as dragons and fairies. Literary fiction is a term used in the book-trade to distinguish novels that are regarded as having literary merit, from most commercial or "genre" fiction.
Neal Stephenson has suggested that while any definition will be simplistic there is today a general cultural difference between literary and genre fiction. On the one hand literary authors nowadays are supported by patronage, with employment at a university or a similar institution, with the continuation of such positions determined not by book sales but by critical acclaim by other established literary authors and critics. On the other hand, he suggests, genre fiction writers tend to support themselves by book sales. However, in an interview, John Updike lamented that "the category of'literary fiction' has sprung up to torment people like me who just set out to write books, if anybody wanted to read them, the more the merrier.... I'm a genre writer of a sort. I write literary fiction, like spy fiction or chick lit". On The Charlie Rose Show, he argued that this term, when applied to his work limited him and his expectations of what might come of his writing, so he does not like it, he suggested that all his works are literary be