An album is a collection of audio recordings issued as a collection on compact disc, audio tape, or another medium. Albums of recorded music were developed in the early 20th century as individual 78-rpm records collected in a bound book resembling a photograph album. Vinyl LPs are still issued, though album sales in the 21st-century have focused on CD and MP3 formats; the audio cassette was a format used alongside vinyl from the 1970s into the first decade of the 2000s. An album may be recorded in a recording studio, in a concert venue, at home, in the field, or a mix of places; the time frame for recording an album varies between a few hours to several years. This process requires several takes with different parts recorded separately, brought or "mixed" together. Recordings that are done in one take without overdubbing are termed "live" when done in a studio. Studios are built to absorb sound, eliminating reverberation, so as to assist in mixing different takes. Recordings, including live, may contain sound effects, voice adjustments, etc..
With modern recording technology, musicians can be recorded in separate rooms or at separate times while listening to the other parts using headphones. Album covers and liner notes are used, sometimes additional information is provided, such as analysis of the recording, lyrics or librettos; the term "album" was applied to a collection of various items housed in a book format. In musical usage the word was used for collections of short pieces of printed music from the early nineteenth century. Collections of related 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums; when long-playing records were introduced, a collection of pieces on a single record was called an album. An album, in ancient Rome, was a board chalked or painted white, on which decrees and other public notices were inscribed in black, it was from this that in medieval and modern times album came to denote a book of blank pages in which verses, sketches and the like are collected. Which in turn led to the modern meaning of an album as a collection of audio recordings issued as a single item.
In the early nineteenth century "album" was used in the titles of some classical music sets, such as Schumann's Album for the Young Opus 68, a set of 43 short pieces. When 78rpm records came out, the popular 10-inch disc could only hold about three minutes of sound per side, so all popular recordings were limited to around three minutes in length. Classical-music and spoken-word items were released on the longer 12-inch 78s, about 4–5 minutes per side. For example, in 1924, George Gershwin recorded a drastically shortened version of the seventeen-minute Rhapsody in Blue with Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra, it ran for 8m 59s. Deutsche Grammophon had produced an album for its complete recording of the opera Carmen in 1908. German record company Odeon released the Nutcracker Suite by Tchaikovsky in 1909 on 4 double-sided discs in a specially designed package; this practice of issuing albums does not seem to have been taken up by other record companies for many years. By about 1910, bound collections of empty sleeves with a paperboard or leather cover, similar to a photograph album, were sold as record albums that customers could use to store their records.
These albums came in both 12-inch sizes. The covers of these bound books were wider and taller than the records inside, allowing the record album to be placed on a shelf upright, like a book, suspending the fragile records above the shelf and protecting them. In the 1930s, record companies began issuing collections of 78 rpm records by one performer or of one type of music in specially assembled albums with artwork on the front cover and liner notes on the back or inside cover. Most albums included three or four records, with two sides each, making six or eight compositions per album; the 12-inch LP record, or 33 1⁄3 rpm microgroove vinyl record, is a gramophone record format introduced by Columbia Records in 1948. A single LP record had the same or similar number of tunes as a typical album of 78s, it was adopted by the record industry as a standard format for the "album". Apart from minor refinements and the important addition of stereophonic sound capability, it has remained the standard format for vinyl albums.
The term "album" was extended to other recording media such as Compact audio cassette, compact disc, MiniDisc, digital albums, as they were introduced. As part of a trend of shifting sales in the music industry, some observers feel that the early 21st century experienced the death of the album. While an album may contain as many or as few tracks as required, in the United States, The Recording Academy's rules for Grammy Awards state that an album must comprise a minimum total playing time of 15 minutes with at least five distinct tracks or a minimum total playing time of 30 minutes with no minimum track requirement. In the United Kingdom, the criteria for the UK Albums Chart is that a recording counts as an "album" i
In the music industry, a single is a type of release a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record or an album. This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats. In most cases, a single is a song, released separately from an album, although it also appears on an album; these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular. In other cases a recording released. Despite being referred to as a single, singles can include up to as many as three tracks; the biggest digital music distributor, iTunes Store, accepts as many as three tracks less than ten minutes each as a single, as does popular music player Spotify. Any more than three tracks on a musical release or thirty minutes in total running time is either an extended play or, if over six tracks long, an album; when mainstream music was purchased via vinyl records, singles would be released double-sided.
That is to say, they were released with an A-side and B-side, on which two singles would be released, one on each side. Moreover, only the most popular songs from a released album would be released as a single. In more contemporary forms of music consumption, artists release most, if not all, of the tracks on an album as singles; the basic specifications of the music single were set in the late 19th century, when the gramophone record began to supersede phonograph cylinders in commercially produced musical recordings. Gramophone discs were manufactured in several sizes. By about 1910, the 10-inch, 78 rpm shellac disc had become the most used format; the inherent technical limitations of the gramophone disc defined the standard format for commercial recordings in the early 20th century. The crude disc-cutting techniques of the time and the thickness of the needles used on record players limited the number of grooves per inch that could be inscribed on the disc surface, a high rotation speed was necessary to achieve acceptable recording and playback fidelity.
78 rpm was chosen as the standard because of the introduction of the electrically powered, synchronous turntable motor in 1925, which ran at 3600 rpm with a 46:1 gear ratio, resulting in a rotation speed of 78.26 rpm. With these factors applied to the 10-inch format and performers tailored their output to fit the new medium; the 3-minute single remained the standard into the 1960s, when the availability of microgroove recording and improved mastering techniques enabled recording artists to increase the duration of their recorded songs. The breakthrough came with Bob Dylan's "Like a Rolling Stone". Although CBS tried to make the record more "radio friendly" by cutting the performance into halves, separating them between the two sides of the vinyl disc, both Dylan and his fans demanded that the full six-minute take be placed on one side, that radio stations play the song in its entirety; as digital downloading and audio streaming have become more prevalent, it has become possible for every track on an album to be available separately.
The concept of a single for an album has been retained as an identification of a more promoted or more popular song within an album collection. The demand for music downloads skyrocketed after the launch of Apple's iTunes Store in January 2001 and the creation of portable music and digital audio players such as the iPod. In September 1997, with the release of Duran Duran's "Electric Barbarella" for paid downloads, Capitol Records became the first major label to sell a digital single from a well-known artist. Geffen Records released Aerosmith's "Head First" digitally for free. In 2004, Recording Industry Association of America introduced digital single certification due to significant sales of digital formats, with Gwen Stefani's "Hollaback Girl" becoming RIAA's first platinum digital single. In 2013, RIAA incorporated on-demand streams into the digital single certification. Single sales in the United Kingdom reached an all-time low in January 2005, as the popularity of the compact disc was overtaken by the then-unofficial medium of the music download.
Recognizing this, On 17 April 2005, Official UK Singles Chart added the download format to the existing format of physical CD singles. Gnarls Barkley was the first act to reach No.1 on this chart through downloads alone in April 2006, for their debut single "Crazy", released physically the following week. On 1 January 2007 digital downloads became eligible from the point of release, without the need for an accompanying physical. Sales improved in the following years, reaching a record high in 2008 that still proceeded to be overtaken in 2009, 2010 and 2011. Singles have been issued in various formats, including 7-inch, 10-inch, 12-inch vinyl discs. Other, less common, formats include singles on Digital Compact Cassette, DVD, LD, as well as many non-standard sizes of vinyl disc; the most common form of the vinyl single is the 45 or 7-inch. The names are derived from its play speed, 45 rpm, the standard diameter, 7 inches; the 7-inch 45 rpm record was released 31 March 1949 by RCA Victor as a smaller, more durable and higher-fidelity replacement for the 78 rpm shellac discs.
The first 45
Bamboo is a Filipino alternative rock band formed in 2003 by lead vocalist Bamboo Mañalac, bassist Nathan Azarcon and rhythm guitarist Ira Cruz and drummer Vic Mercado. Francisco "Bamboo" Mañalac serves as the band's frontman. Ira Cruz, the band's guitarist claimed that the name of the band was not just derived from their vocalist's name but from the word bamboo, the characteristics of which are associated with strength and durability with an island feel to it. It's Filipino and Asian at the same time. Two of its members, Bamboo Mañalac and Nathan Azarcon, were part of Rivermaya; the other two members, Ira Cruz and Vic Mercado, were former instrumentalists of another band, Passage. Cruz and Azarcon were former members of the band Kapatid during that time. Four years after their departure from Rivermaya, Mañalac and Azarcon caught up again with each other, during which Azarcon introduced him to Cruz and Mercado. Bamboo's debut album, As The Music Plays, was released in February 2004 where it received positive response from fans and critics alike.
The album won numerous awards at the AWIT Awards, NU 107 Rock Awards, MTV Pilipinas 2004. Their second album, Light Peace Love, released in 2005, consists of ten songs with differing moods and subjects, took only 3 months to record; this album has a softer sound with both delivery. For this album, the band added a variety of other instruments, including trumpets; the band admitted. They experimented with several new styles that may please new listeners, at the risk of disappointing fans of the more conventional rock of their first album, their third album, We Stand Alone Together, was released in 2007. It contains covers of local songs such as Buklod's "Tatsulok" and international songs such as Paul Simon's "50 Ways to Leave Your Lover", from different generations, it includes bonus tracks like unplugged versions of their hit songs from previous albums such as "Mr. Clay", "These Days", "Hallelujah". Once again, opting to do away with the conventional rock image, attached to them, they produced sounds which were more jazzy than expected.
Star Records—backed up by ABS-CBN TV Production and MYX—produced and created the official soundtrack for the tele-epiko "Rounin", wherein the title track "Argos" was performed by Bamboo. A new avenue was opened to the band, as "Argos" is said to be the band’s first venture to record a song for a primetime television show, it is the first time for the multi-awarded band and Star Records to work together. The band was part of the "Days of Peace" Campaign by UNICEF with Gary Valenciano; the band's fourth album, Tomorrow Becomes Yesterday achieved platinum status on September 28, 2008 - just two days after its release. Bamboo Mañalac – vocals Nathan Azarcon – bass guitar, backing vocals Ira Cruz – lead guitar Vic Mercado – drums, percussion News circulated on January 9, 2011 that Bamboo had "allegedly disbanded". DJ KC Montero of Wave 89.1 confirmed the breakup via Twitter. Montero clarified that all the members of the band "have decided to move on," and that he does not know why they called it quits.
The group has not released an official statement according to ABS-CBNNews.com. On January 11, 2011, Bamboo's lead vocalist Francisco "Bamboo" Mañalac confirmed the breakup of his band in an official statement posted on the group's website. A few months after the band disbanded, the group reformed without the vocalist and formed the band Hijo composed of Nathan Azarcon, Ira Cruz, Vic Mercado, Junji Lerma of Wahijuara and Jay-O Orduña of Cauio; the band's frontman Bamboo Mañalac pursued a solo career and released his first album as a solo artist in November 2011. As The Music Plays - Double Platinum Light Peace Love - Platinum We Stand Alone Together - Gold Tomorrow Becomes Yesterday - Platinum Full Volume:The Best Of Pinoy Alternative includes As The Music Plays Rounin OST:includes Argos Astig... The Biggest OPM Hits Platinum Hits Collection Philippine Radio Music Awards Won: International Artist Award Awit Awards Won: Best Performance by a New Group Recording Artist - "Noypi" Won: Best Rock Recording - "Noypi" Won: People's Choice Favorite Song - "Noypi" Won: Best Performance by a New Group Recording Artist - "Hallelujah" Won: Album of the Year - "Light Peace Love" Won: Song of the Year - "Hallelujah" Won: Best Ballad Recording - "Much Has Been Said" Won: Best Rock Recording - "Hallelujah" Won: People's Choice Favorite Song - "Hallelujah" Won: Best Performance by a Group Recording Artist - "Tatsulok" Won: Best Rock Song - "Tatsulok" Won: Best Musical Arrangement - "Probinsyana" Won: Best Engineered Recording - "Probinsyana" Won: Music Video of the Year - "Probinsyana" NU Rock Awards Won: Guitarist of the Year - Ira Cruz Won: Artist of the Year Won: Song of the Year - "Noypi" Won: Vocalist of the Year - Bamboo Mañalac Won: Drummer of the Year - Vic Mercado Won: Listeners Choice Awardee Won: Album of the Year - "Light Peace Love" Won: Vocalist of the Year - Bamboo Mañalac Won: Listeners Choice Awardee Won: Artist of the Year Won: Guitarist of the Year - Ira Cruz Won: Bassist of the Year - Nathan Azarcon Won: Drummer of the Year - Vic Mercado and Mark Escueta of Rivermaya Won: Listeners Choice Awardee W
Tomorrow Becomes Yesterday
Tomorrow Becomes Yesterday is the fourth and final album of the band Bamboo. It is the first release of original material by the band since 2005's Light Peace Love, it achieved platinum status on September 28, 2008. In 2010, they released a repackaged version of the album and a bonus DVD containing music videos of the singles released in the album. Francisco "Bamboo" Mañalac - Vocals Nathan Azarcon - Bass Ira Cruz - Guitars Vic Mercado - Drums
Ira Cara Cruz is a multi-awarded Filipino musician and producer. He was a founding member of Filipino rock bands Hijo, Introvoys and Kapatid. Introvoys was formed in 1986 by 3rd-G Cristobal, Paco Arespacochaga, Jonathan Buencamino, their first album was a "diamond in the rough". After two singles, Dyna Records, the band's label, was ready to drop them like a hot potato. However, fate had a different plan. "However Which way", the band's third single shot all the way to No. 1 in Metro Manila in just 2 weeks. After a month, the song became the country's No. 1 song thus paving the way for a national tour for the Introvoys. Culled from the same album are certified No. 1 singles such as "Calling All Nations", "Maynila" and "Lullabye", among many others. Their second album sealed Introvoys' status in the mainstream. Born from this album were songs that are now classified as standard hits; these songs are "Will I Survive", "Di Na Ko Aasa Pa", "Binibini" and "Are You Happy". The album shot to quadruple platinum status earning the Introvoys the tagged "the No. 1 Band in the Land!".
In 1994, they released the album Line to Heaven which has melodies that are catchy and pop-inflected, some of which are imbedded in rock-styled arrangements. The carrier single was written after Arespacochaga suffered a terrible tragedy, the loss of his parents in a car accident, he left the band in 1996 rejoined in 2000. Ira Cruz, who had played with Introvoys from 1987 to 1991, joined Kapatid. In 2001, Ira rejoined Introvoys for the short-lived reunion run. Kapatid came together through an informal gathering of friends with diverse musical talents in other bands; the original lineup included Karl Roy of Advent Call and P. O. T.. In 2002, the band went on to release their debut album "Edsa 524"; the album contains the singles "Pagbabalik Ng Kwago", "I like it like this", "Visions". The band split apart rather with a couple of members leaving for other bands under less than amicable circumstances. Roy stated of the breakup, "There was lots of talk about brotherhood and respect and the joy of playing music together.
Things didn’t turn that way. The band split apart rather as a couple of members left for another band, under less amicable circumstances. First, Ira left, Nathan followed, the two hooked up with Bamboo." In 2003, after living in Los Angeles following the Rivermaya tour in America, Mañalac returned to the Philippines. Azarcon introduced Mañalac to Cruz and Vic Mercado and together, they formed Bamboo. In January 2011, News had been circulating that Bamboo has disbanded. DJ KC Montero of Wave 89.1 confirmed the breakup via Twitter. Montero clarified that all the members of the band "have decided to move on," and that he does not know why they called it quits; the group has not released an official statement according to ABS-CBNNews.com. Bamboo's lead vocalist Francisco "Bamboo" Mañalac confirmed the breakup of his band in an official statement posted before midnight of January 11 on the group's website. In February 2004, Bamboo released their debut album; the album was certified Double Platinum by the Philippine Association of the Record Industry.
A double-disc repackaged edition was released in 2005. The first single from the album, "Noypi", was a rock anthem that captivated the hearts of the youth and sparked patriotism in the Philippines; the album contains ten tracks, with three in Tagalog, namely: "Noypi", "Hudas", "Masaya". The initial release of the album used a white cover, while a second black-cover release in the year contained six bonus tracks and three video clips of "Noypi", "Masaya", "Mr. Clay"; the album was honored at the AWIT Awards, NU Rock Awards, MTV Pilipinas Music Awards. The Awit Awards honored them as the Best Performance of a New Duo or Group Recording Artists for their performance of "Noypi"; the song was honored as Best Rock Recording of the Year and People's Choice Favorite Song of the Year. Bamboo received the MTV Award for Favorite New Artist in a Video, Favorite Group Video, Favorite Song for "Noypi"; the NU Rock Awards honored the band with the awards for Listener's Choice, Song of the Year, Band of the Year.
Mercado was additionally honored as Best Drummer. Rumors circulating the Pinoy rock scene were rampantly claiming that Roy wrote "Noypi" and that Azarcon stole the song from him; the truth about the recording was offered in a 2008 interview with Karl Roy, presented in Rogue Magazine. Nathan had written the megahit rock anthem "Noypi" for Kapatid, but Karl didn't like it. "It takes a while for me to like a song," Karl explains, to this day, he regrets not paying enough attention to what Nathan was doing. The album was honored at the AWIT Awards, NU Rock Awards, MTV Pilipinas Music Awards; the band won Awit Awards for Best Performance of a New Duo or Group Recording Artists for their performance of "Noypi". The song was honored as Best Rock Recording of the Year and People's Choice Favorite Song of the Year; the band received the MTV Award for Favorite New Artist in a Video, Favorite Group Video, Favorite Song for "Noypi". The NU Rock Awards honored the band with the awards for Listener's Choice, Song of the Year, Band of the Year.
In 2005, Bamboo released their second album, Light Peace Love. The album received the Awit Award for Album of the Year; the album was certified Platinum by PARI. The song "Much Has Been Said" received
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated. Music can be divided into different genres in many different ways; the artistic nature of music means that these classifications are subjective and controversial, some genres may overlap. There are varying academic definitions of the term genre itself. In his book Form in Tonal Music, Douglass M. Green distinguishes between form, he lists madrigal, canzona and dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. To further clarify the meaning of genre, Green writes, "Beethoven's Op. 61 and Mendelssohn's Op. 64 are identical in genre – both are violin concertos – but different in form. However, Mozart's Rondo for Piano, K. 511, the Agnus Dei from his Mass, K. 317 are quite different in genre but happen to be similar in form."
Some, like Peter van der Merwe, treat the terms genre and style as the same, saying that genre should be defined as pieces of music that share a certain style or "basic musical language." Others, such as Allan F. Moore, state that genre and style are two separate terms, that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can differentiate between genres. A music genre or subgenre may be defined by the musical techniques, the style, the cultural context, the content and spirit of the themes. Geographical origin is sometimes used to identify a music genre, though a single geographical category will include a wide variety of subgenres. Timothy Laurie argues that since the early 1980s, "genre has graduated from being a subset of popular music studies to being an ubiquitous framework for constituting and evaluating musical research objects". Among the criteria used to classify musical genres are the trichotomy of art and traditional musics. Alternatively, music can be divided on three variables: arousal and depth.
Arousal reflects the energy level of the music. These three variables help explain why many people like similar songs from different traditionally segregated genres. Musicologists have sometimes classified music according to a trichotomic distinction such as Philip Tagg's "axiomatic triangle consisting of'folk','art' and'popular' musics", he explains that each of these three is distinguishable from the others according to certain criteria. The term art music refers to classical traditions, including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music exists in many parts of the world, it emphasizes formal styles that invite technical and detailed deconstruction and criticism, demand focused attention from the listener. In Western practice, art music is considered a written musical tradition, preserved in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally, by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music are. Most western art music has been written down using the standard forms of music notation that evolved in Europe, beginning well before the Renaissance and reaching its maturity in the Romantic period.
The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is defined by the notated version rather than by a particular performance, is associated with the composer rather than the performer. This is so in the case of western classical music. Art music may include certain forms of jazz, though some feel that jazz is a form of popular music. Sacred Christian music forms an important part of the classical music tradition and repertoire, but can be considered to have an identity of its own; the term popular music refers to any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media. Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects: Popular music, unlike art music, is conceived for mass distribution to large and socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners and distributed in non-written form, only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of'free' enterprise... it should ideally sell as much as possible.
Popular music is found on most commercial and public service radio stations, in most commercial music retailers and department stores, in movie and television soundtracks. It is noted on the Billboard charts and, in addition to singer-songwriters and composers, it involves music producers more than other genres do; the distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas such as minimalist music and light classics. Background music for films/movies draws on both traditions. In this respect, music is like fiction, which draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction, not always precise. Country music known as country and western, hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s; the polka is a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas. Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particular
The Doors were an American rock band formed in Los Angeles in 1965, with vocalist Jim Morrison, keyboardist Ray Manzarek, guitarist Robby Krieger, drummer John Densmore. They were among the most controversial and influential rock acts of the 1960s because of Morrison's lyrics and his erratic stage persona, the group was regarded as representative of the era's counterculture; the band took its name from the title of Aldous Huxley's book The Doors of Perception, itself a reference to a quote by William Blake. After signing with Elektra Records, the Doors released eight albums in five years, some of which are considered among greatest of all time, including The Doors, Strange Days, L. A. Woman. By 1972 the Doors had sold over nearly 8 million singles. Morrison died in uncertain circumstances in 1971; the band continued as a trio until disbanding in 1973. They released three more albums in the 1970s, two of which featured earlier recordings by Morrison, over the decades reunited on stage in various configurations.
In 2002, Manzarek and Ian Astbury of the Cult on vocals started performing as the Doors of the 21st Century. Densmore and the Morrison estate sued them over the use of the band's name. After a short time as Riders on the Storm, they settled on the name Manzarek–Krieger and toured until Manzarek's death in 2013; the Doors were the first American band to accumulate eight consecutive gold LPs. According to the RIAA, they have sold 33 million records in the US and over 100 million records worldwide, making them one of the best-selling bands of all time; the Doors have been listed as one of the greatest artists of all time by magazines including Rolling Stone, which ranked them 41st on its list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". In 1993, they were inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame; the Doors began with a meeting between acquaintances Jim Morrison and Ray Manzarek, both of whom had attended the UCLA School of Theater and Television, on Venice Beach in July 1965. Morrison told Manzarek he had been writing songs and with Manzarek's encouragement sang "Moonlight Drive".
The members came from a varied musical background of jazz, rock and folk idioms. Keyboardist Manzarek was in a band called Rick & the Ravens with his brothers Rick and Jim, while drummer John Densmore was playing with the Psychedelic Rangers and knew Manzarek from meditation classes. In August 1965, Densmore joined the group, renamed the Doors; the five, along with bass player Patty Sullivan recorded a six-song demo on September 2, 1965 at World Pacific Studios, Los Angeles, California. This has circulated since as a bootleg recording; the band took their name from the title of Aldous Huxley's book The Doors of Perception, itself derived from a line in William Blake's The Marriage of Heaven and Hell: "If the doors of perception were cleansed, everything would appear to man as it is: infinite". In mid-1965, after Manzarek's two brothers left, guitarist Robby Krieger joined. From February to May 1966, the group had a residency at the "rundown" and "sleazy" Los Angeles club London Fog, appearing on the bill with "Rhonda Lane Exotic Dancer".
The experience gave Morrison confidence to perform in front of a live audience, the band as a whole to develop and, in some cases, lengthen their songs and work "The End", "When the Music's Over", "Light My Fire" into the pieces that would appear on their debut album. Ray Manzarek would say that at the London Fog the band "became this collective entity, this unit of oneness...that is where the magic began to happen."The Doors soon graduated to the more esteemed Whisky a Go Go, where they were the house band, supporting acts including Van Morrison's group Them. On their last night together the two bands joined up for "In the Midnight Hour" and a twenty-minute jam session of Them's "Gloria". On August 10, 1966, they were spotted by Elektra Records president Jac Holzman, present at the recommendation of Love singer Arthur Lee, whose group was with Elektra Records. After Holzman and producer Paul A. Rothchild saw two sets of the band playing at the Whisky a Go Go, they signed them to the Elektra Records label on August 18 – the start of a long and successful partnership with Rothchild and sound engineer Bruce Botnick.
The Doors were fired from the Whisky on August 21, 1966 when Morrison added an explicit retelling and profanity-laden version of the Greek myth of Oedipus during "The End". The band recorded their first album from August 24 to 1966, at Sunset Sound Recording Studios; the debut album, The Doors, was released in the first week of January 1967. It included most of the major songs from their set, including the nearly 12-minute musical drama "The End". In November 1966, Mark Abramson directed a promotional film for the lead single "Break On Through". To promote the single, the Doors made several television appearances such as on Shebang, a Los Angeles TV show, miming to "Break On Through". In early 1967, the Doors appeared on The Clay Cole Show where they performed their single "Break On Through". Since "Break on Through" was not successful on the radio, the band turned to "Light My Fire". "Light My Fire" became the first single from Elektra Records to reach number one on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart, selling over one million copies.
From March 7 to 11, 1967, the Doors performed at the Matrix Club in California. The March 7 and 10 shows