Promotion and relegation
In sports leagues, promotion and relegation is a process where teams are transferred between two divisions based on their performance for the completed season. In some leagues, playoffs or qualifying rounds are used to determine rankings. This process can continue through several levels of divisions, with teams being exchanged between levels 1 and 2, levels 2 and 3, levels 3 and 4, the number of teams exchanged between the divisions is almost always identical. Such variations will almost inevitably cause an effect through the lower divisions. Even in the absence of such circumstances, the pyramid-like nature of most European football league systems can still create knock-on effects at the regional level. The system is said to be the characteristic of the European form of professional sports league organization. Promotion and relegation have the effect of allowing the maintenance of a hierarchy of leagues and divisions and they also maintain the importance of games played by many low-ranked teams near the end of the season, which may be at risk of relegation. In contrast, a low-ranked US or Canadian teams final games serve little purpose, although not intrinsic to the system, problems can occur due to the differing monetary payouts and revenue-generating potential that different divisions provide to their clubs. For example, financial hardship has sometimes occurred in leagues where clubs do not reduce their wage bill once relegated, some leagues offer parachute payments to its relegated teams for the following year. The payouts are higher than the money received by some non-relegated teams and are designed to soften the financial hit that clubs take whilst dropping out of the Premier League. However, in many cases these parachute payments just serve to inflate the costs of competing for promotion among the lower division clubs as newly relegated teams retain a financial advantage. If these are not satisfied, a team may be promoted in their place. While the primary purpose of the system is to maintain competitive balance. On several occasions, the Italian Football Federation has relegated clubs found to have involved in match-fixing. This occurred most recently in 2006, when the initial champions Juventus were relegated to Serie B. An exception is the proposed UEFA Nations League, which will feature promotion and relegation across four levels, in tennis, the Davis Cup has promotion and relegation where each group uses a knockout tournament format in which first-round losers play off to avoid relegation. In the United States, Canada, and Australia, teams are not promoted or relegated. The USL set up two leagues, now known as the United Soccer League and the Premier Development League, although the system is now in place, it is not compulsory and is rarely used
Irapuato Fútbol Club is a professional football club, based in Irapuato, Guanajuato, Mexico. They are currently playing in the Liga Premier de Ascenso in the Segunda Division de Mexico, Irapuato has mostly played in the Promotion League of Mexico (formerly Primera División A or Ascenso MX. From 2000 to 2004, the team rose to prominence in the Liga MX reaching the playoffs. Historically, Irapuato has spent over 26 years in the Primera División, the team was relegated from the Primera División in 2004 but not because of their on-field performance, but because of financial irregularities. In 2013, the team took a turn for the worse being relegated to Liga Premier. The team finally returned to Ascenso MX in May 2014 when Ballenas Galeana, decided to move to Irapuato, and also change their name to Club Irapuato, once again giving Irapuato a football team. In its first years many clubs were formed in order to create a league in Guanajuato Deportivo Irapuato, Internacional, Club Marte, ISCO. The first tournament was won by Club Marte because the tournament was not finished due to problems between Irapuato and ISCO, the club managed to come out with a 1–0 victory, winning its first league title. This club wore a shirt with black shorts and socks. The club that plays today under the name Club Deportivo Irapuato was founded in 1948 where it had trouble staying in the league, the men in charge of the merge were Oscar Bonfiglio and Jesús Vaca Gaona both had participated in the 1928 Olympic games in Amsterdam. The club would again change its name this time to Club Deportivo Irapuato A. C which many people believe to be the date when the club was established. The club was one of the first clubs to inaugurate the Segunda División de México in the 1949–50 tournament where after 3 seasons the club managed to win its first promotion. The club made its Primera División debut in the league on 22 August 1954 against Zacatepec who they beat 4–5, in the second round the club played at home in the Estadio Revolución stadium against Puebla FC who they also defeated 4-0. The club also revived its rivalry which had stopped in the late 1930s against Club Leon, the clubs best tournament was the 1963–64 Mexican Primera División season where the club finished 4th with 32 points, Guadalajara finished with 33 points. In the 1971-72 season the club found itself playing in group 2 with clubs Monterrey, Guadalajara, Puebla, Atlante, Pachuca, Pumas, Toluca, at the end of the tournament the club finished last and had to play a relegation series against the other last place teams. The series was played against Torreón, Atlético Español, and Veracruz, the first match was played against Veracruz who defeated them 3–1 the first leg, the second leg ended in a 0-0 draw. The last game was played against Torreón in the Estadio Jalisco where Irapuato lost 1–0 and were relegated for the first time in 18 years to the second division. Back in the Segunda División the club became a top club reaching the final in its first year back against Petroleros de Ciudad Madero, the first game was played in Irapuato which they won 1–0
Grupo Televisa, S. A. B. is a Mexican multimedia mass media company, and the largest in Hispanic America as well as the first of all the Spanish-speaking world. It is an international entertainment business, with much of its programming airing in the United States on Univision. Grupo Televisa was founded in 1955 as Telesistema Mexicano, linking Mexicos first three stations, XHTV-TV, XEW-TV and XHGC-TV. It was owned by the Azcárraga family, OFarril family and Ernesto Barrientos Reyes and its headquarters, known as Televicentro, were originally located on Avenida Chapultepec in downtown Mexico City. The building opened on February 10,1952, the channel was the first national network to be broadcast in color in 1963. In 1968, Telesistemas main competitor, Televisión Independiente de México, at the time, both Telesistema and TIM competed with another new station, XHDF-TV channel 13, which also started transmissions in 1968. Over the next four years, both competed in content and image until they merged, taking on the name Televisa in 1973. On September 7,1970,24 Horas debuted and became one of Mexicos most watched news programs, the host, journalist Jacobo Zabludovsky, anchored the program for almost 3 decades. On August 17,1972, Emilio Azcárraga Vidaurreta died, and Emilio Azcárraga Milmo succeeded him as company president, on January 8,1973, both Telesistema Mexicano and Televisión Independiente de México merged, taking on the name Televisa, an acronym for Televisión Via Satélite in Spanish. In 1975, brothers Emilio Diez Barroso and Fernando Diez Barroso began working in the offices of Televisa. Televisa started to transmit several programs produced by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México in 1977, on March 3,1983, Canal 8 was reformatted to become a cultural channel, offering informative programs, debates and cultural shows. Canal 9 eventually became Galavisión, now known as Gala TV, on September 19,1985, an earthquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter scale caused widespread damage in Mexico City and destroyed the south tower of Televisas main building. Nonetheless, Televisas transmissions were not seriously affected, however, several dubbed TV shows were lost. In 1991, Televisa, with help from Japanese public television network Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai, began its first broadcast in HDTV, in April 1997, Milmo died and Emilio Azcárraga Jean succeeded him as the president of the company. This movement from media, enterprises and Mexicans is reflected in the buildings created with the money from this Marathon, Televisa is the largest mass media company in Latin America, and it is owned by the Azcárraga family. Televisa controls 66% of the 465 television concessions, Televisa is capable of creating, destroying or changing what audience believe or think about something or someone due to the high influence that it has over the society. This is the reason of why Televisa has an influence over the decisions in the Union Congress. Televisa determines who becomes a hero, and who the villain, there is complicity between Mexican media and government
San Luis F.C.
San Luis Fútbol Club, known more commonly as San Luis or San Luis Potosí, was a Mexican professional football club from the city of San Luis Potosí, Mexico. The club was founded in 1957, when they were known as Santos, the teams nickname of Tuneros, a reference to the tuna fruit, was later changed to Gladiadores. The nickname for the team was changed to Reales. The nickname Tribu Real is a reference to the fact that the team was once named Real San Luis, another nickname recently given to the team is the name of El Equipo del Milagro because of the last-minute miracle to stay in the highest division. San Luis play their games at Alfonso Lastras Ramirez Stadium. On May 28,2013 it was confirmed the team would move to Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Mexico, the team began playing the Tercera Division de Mexico where they were able to win the 1969–70 season gaining promotion to Segunda Division. In the 1970–71 season San Luis was able to win Segunda Division and this automatically gave them the promotion to go to Primera Division for the 1971–72 season. Their stint in Primera Division was cut short after losing the playoff against Laguna in the 1973–74 season. It did not take long for San Luis to once again win Segunda Division and in 1975–76 they achieved the title and this would lead to the Potosino classic in the top flight since Atlético Potosino had achieved promotion in the 1973–74 season as semi finalist. Once again their stay in Primera Division did not last long, in the end of a great season in 1976–77 where they reached the championship playoff, the franchise was sold to Tampico Madero who took over their spot in Primera Division. The team returned to Primera Division in the 2002–03 season ending in the mid table position and this stint was short lived since the tournaments after they did not do well and ended up being relegated after the 2003–04 season. Their last stint was in Primera Division was in 2005–06 season when they gain promotion after winning the 2004–05 Primera A, after the 2012–13 season Querétaro was relegated to the Ascenso MX after accumulating the lowest coefficient over the past three seasons. Querétaro would have be replaced by the 2012 Apertura Ascenso MX champion La Piedad and it was also announced that San Luis would move to Tuxtla Gutiérrez and be renamed Chiapas F. C. replacing the new outgoing Querétaro. Finally, La Piedad confirmed that they would relocate to Veracruz. These changes have sparked controversy in the Mexican press as Querétaro effectively bought its place back in the first division, with this San Luis was left without a team in top flight now having only Atlético San Luis, was formed in 2013, in Ascenso MX. Players in italic are still active but are not currently with San Luis
Tampico Madero F.C.
Tampico Madero Fútbol Club is a football club that currently plays in the Ascenso MX. The club spent most of the 1970s in the Segunda División de México after being relegated in the early 1960s, in 1977 the club bought out the Atlético Potosino franchise to move it to Tampico in order for the club to have once again first division action. The club played out the 1980s in the first division but was again relegated in the early 1990s and has never again reached the top division. The clubs first official game was played in the 1945–46 tournament against Atlante were the club suffered its first loss with a score of 10–3. The club won its first game on September 30 the same year against Atlas 3–2 first goals scored by Ernesto Olivares. The club finished that year 11th out 16, the club played mediocre tournaments the following years finishing last in the 1948–49 tournament and 9th in the 1949–50 tournament. The club started off the 1950s in the way they had been playing in the 1940s gaining a 9th, 6th place from 1950–52 tournaments. It was until the 1952–53 tournament when the team came together and it was won with 14 victories,6 draws and only 2 losses for a total of 34, a then league record. The club would go on to win the title Campeón de Campeones after defeating Puebla who had won that years Copa México with a score of 3–0, roster from the 1952–53 championship club were. The clubs last notable achievement from 1954–57 when they finished 4th in 1954, 7th in 1955, 6th in 1956, in 1958, they finished last and were relegated to Segundo División. They played 1 year and were returned to Mexican Primera División, the club started out the 1960s with 3 bad consecutive league tournaments but manage to win its only Copa México title in 1961 against Toluca. Nonetheless the club would once again been relegate in 1962–63 tournament. The club played in the division in the 1960s coming up short in the 1964–65. Tournament after finishing tied for first place with Jabatos de nuevol leon having played a match that the club would go on to loss match played in León Guanajuato. The club would go on to play most of the 1970s in the second division till 1977 when the club bought out the San Luis club, the club that played in the second division was sold to Universidad de Guadalajara and became Bachilleres a reserve squad. The club had a tournament in its first year back reaching the semi finalist again Pumas which they would go on to loss that year. The following year the club finished 14th overall and did not reach the play-off spots, in the 1979–80 tournament the club finished 7th and managed to qualified to the play-off group stage where they lost once again and so came the end of the 1970s. In the 1980–81 tournament the club finished 15th in the league, soon after the clubs relegation the city decided to buy out yet another franchise this time buying struggling club in order for the club to remain in the top division. This club was made up from players from the Atletas Campesinos and that year the club struggled once again finishing 14 in the league
Fox Sports (Latin America)
Fox Sports Latin America is a Latin American cable and satellite network that is owned by Fox Latin American Channels, a unit of the Fox Networks Group subsidiary of 21st Century Fox. The network focuses on sports-related programming including live and pre-recorded event telecasts, sports talk shows, the network is based in Buenos Aires, Argentina, Bogotá, Colombia and Mexico City, Mexico. The network was launched in 1996 as Prime Deportiva, under the ownership of Liberty Media, in 2009, a second feed called Fox Sports+ was launched, to allow simultaneous broadcasting of football. In 2012, the channel was renamed to Fox Sports 2, the network carries a wide variety of sports events, including football, Formula 1 racing, ATP tennis and WWE programming. 2002 El Circuito GOL TV ESPN Latin America TyC Sports DIRECTV Sports Claro Sports Official website
Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria
(Spanish pronunciation, is a multinational Spanish banking group. It was formed from a merger of Banco Bilbao Vizcaya and Argentaria in 1999, the company is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index. In 2007, the started a initiative to digitally transform the bank. Following implementation, it saw a 19% year-on-year increase in new customers, as of 2015, the total number of these clients stood at 14.8 million. As of March 2013 BBVA had the following debt ratings with the four rating agencies, In February 2014, BBVA acquired Simple. What is more, I think banks that are not prepared for new competitors face certain death. The banking industry recognizes BBVA to be more pro-technology than many of its competitors, from 2011 to 2014, BBVA sponsored the Birmingham Bowl, a postseason college football game played in Birmingham, Alabama, during which time the game was known as the BBVA Compass Bowl. For the first three editions under the contract, the game featured teams from the Big East Conference. Following the 2013 split of the Big East along football lines, the former Big East berth was inherited by that conferences football-sponsoring offshoot, on May 12,2012, BBVA Compass Stadium opened in downtown Houston, Texas. It was built as the home for the Houston Dynamo soccer team, since 2014, the stadium has also hosted home games of the Houston Dash, a team in the National Womens Soccer League that is owned and operated by the Dynamo. BBVA Rising Stars Challenge NBA exhibition basketball game BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award annual science and humanities award since 2009 Big Four Official website BBVA Foundation
BBVA Bancomer is a Mexican financial institution, and the largest in the country, dominating about 20% of the market. Founded in 1932 as Banco de Comercio, since 2000 its main stockholder is the Spanish bank BBVA and its headquarters is located at the Torre BBVA Bancomer on Paseo de la Reforma in Mexico City. In 1982, Bancomer was nationalized when President José López Portillo nationalized the banking system. In 1991, during the presidency of Carlos Salinas de Gortari and this bank serves over 11 million customers, has 1,704 bank locations, and 4,286 ATMs. It represents 30% of the revenues of BBVA worldwide, making it the biggest bank of the group outside Spain. It currently operates as fully owned subsidiary of Spanish BBVA Group, official site / / BBVA official site BBVA Bancomer US operations
Dorados de Sinaloa
Club Social y Deportivo Dorados de Sinaloa, or simply Dorados, is a Mexican professional football club based in the city of Culiacán. The club plays its games in Culiacán, Sinaloa, in the northwest of Mexico. Dorados was the youngest franchise to play in the Primera División de México, having joined the division for the first time for the Apertura 2004 tournament, Dorados currently plays in Ascenso MX, the second tier of Mexican football. Dorados was founded on August 9,2003, when Eustaquio de Nicolas, the club was relegated in the Apertura 2006 tournament after playing just two years in the top tier. On July 27,2015, Dorados played their first game in the First Division after 8 seasons in the Second Division, the game was celebrated in the Banorte Stadium, against Jaguares de Chiapas, with a 0-0 final score. Their first 3 points came on the game of the season on July 31. Dayro Moreno scored for the North Californian team, but Mauricio Martín Romero scored the first goal of Dorados in the 2015–16 Liga MX season. At minute 71 the Chilean Héctor Raúl Mancilla scored the team, making it 1-2. The last game the team won in the first division was on April 22,2006, when Dorados beat Jaguares de Chiapas 4-2, with goals from Andrés Orozco, Cristian Patiño, and Pep Guardiola. On April 16,2016, after losing 5–2 to Tigres UANL, Dorados was relegated after just one season in Liga MX and this was the second time the club was relegated to Ascenso MX. Since Dorados de Culiacáns arrival to Primera División A in 2003, when the franchise was first created, in the year 2003, Dorados became champions on their first tournament, becoming the first team to ever accomplish this feat in the Primera A. In their second tournament, Dorados made it to the once again. Despite losing this final, Dorados and Leon, played the game to Primera División de México where Dorados were victorious. Dorados and Leon have played a total of four finals, of which Dorados, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Dorados de Sinaloa B Reserve team that plays in the Segunda División in the level of the Mexican league system. Juan Carlos Chávez Alexandre Guimarães José Luis Real Carlos Bracamontes Juanma Lillo José Luis Saldivar Jacques Passy Hugo Fernández Jorge Almiron Ricardo Rayas Francisco Palacios Official website