Breaston is a large village and civil parish in the Erewash district, in the south-east of Derbyshire in the East Midlands of England near Long Eaton and close to the M1. The population of the civil parish as taken at the 2011 Census was 4,455. Breaston was mentioned in the Domesday book as belonging to Henry de Ferrers and being worth four shillings. An agricultural village, Breaston has continued to grow for centuries until it has reached its current size, separated from neighbouring Long Eaton only by the M1 motorway. Breaston today is residential. There is a primary school, a Methodist chapel, three pubs; the green is said to be one of the largest in the country and an annual May Day Fete is held there. The first Long Eaton railway station was on Breaston. First used in 1839, when the line opened, it was the third station on the line west from Nottingham, it was called Breaston, but the name was changed to Sawley railway station to avoid confusion with nearby Beeston. Although only a small village, Breaston is home to its fair share of sports teams.
Athletica FC who play on Breaston Recreation Ground in the winter months), Breaston Cricket Club, Formed in 1836 and play on the Soldiers and Sailors Ground, Risley Lane and Breaston Park FC, a child and youth football structure who have various teams at a range of age levels. In early October 2014, reports emerged that Breaston may be the preferred location for the East Midlands Hub High Speed 2 Phase Two railway station, reverting earlier plans to base the station at Toton, Nottinghamshire; these plans were ruled out by July 2015. Blessed Edward James, Catholic martyr Rt. Hon. Geoff Hoon MP, Secretary of State for Defence from 1999 to 2005, during the invasion of Iraq. Molly Windsor, an English actor. Western Mere Secondary School Breaston Village Website Breaston Pre-school Playgroup Page at Erewash Council Shops in Breaston Breaston Cricket Club Website Breaston Park Football Club
Derbyshire Fire and Rescue Service
Derbyshire Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service for the county of Derbyshire, England. The Fire Services Act 1947 created two brigades for Derbyshire - the County Borough of Derby Fire Brigade and the Derbyshire Fire Service. In 1974, local government reorganisation led to the creation of a single organisation for the county - Derbyshire Fire Service; the word'rescue' was added to the title in the early 1990s to reflect the changing responsibilities of the service. There are 31 fire stations in operation with the service, consisting of: Buxton, Wholetime/Retained Chesterfield, Wholetime/Retained Staveley, Wholetime/Retained Alfreton, Wholetime/Retained Ilkeston, Wholetime/Retained Kingsway, Wholetime Nottingham Road, Wholetime Ascot Drive, Wholetime Long Eaton, Wholetime/Retained Glossop, Day Crewed Matlock, Day Crewed/Retained Swadlincote, Day Crew +/Retained New Mills, Retained Whaley Bridge, Retained Chapel En Le Frith, Retained Bradwell, Retained Hathersage, Retained Dronfield, Retained Clowne, Retained Bakewell, Retained Bolsover, Retained Shirebrook, Retained Clay Cross, Retained Ashbourne, Retained Wirksworth, Retained Crich, Retained Ripley, Retained Belper, Retained Heanor, Retained Duffield, Retained Melbourne, Retained There are a total of 58 front-line fire engines used by the Service, located at all of the stations.
The specialist appliance fleet consists of: 3 Aerial Ladder Platforms 3 Water Rescue Units 2 Major Rescue Units 1 Emergency Tender 2 Water/Foam Carriers 1 Water Carrier 2 Forward Control Units 1 Unimog multi-terrain vehicle 1 Command Unit 2 Incident Response Units 1 High-Volume Pump 1 Environmental Unit 1 Fire Investigation Dog Unit 1 Rope Rescue Unit Fire service in the United Kingdom FiReControl Fire apparatus Firefighter Fire engine Fire List of British firefighters killed in the line of duty Derbyshire Fire & Rescue Service. "The History of Derbyshire Fire & Rescue Service", Internal Publication
Kelsang Gyatso is a Buddhist monk, meditation teacher and author. He is the founder and former spiritual director of the New Kadampa Tradition-International Kadampa Buddhist Union, an "entirely independent" Modern Buddhist order that presents itself to be a tradition based on the teachings of the Gelugpa tradition of Tibetan Buddhism, which has grown to become a global Buddhist organisation and claims to have 1200 centers and branches in 40 countries around the world. Kelsang Gyatso is known among students of Buddhism for establishing the NKT and for his books which outline what he sees as key aspects of the Gelugpa tradition, he has become known for elevating the status of Dorje Shugden, by claiming Shugden's appearance is enlightened. Kelsang Gyatso was born in 1931 on the 4th day of the 6th month of the Tibetan lunar calendar, in Yangcho Tang and named Lobsang Chuponpa. At the age of eight he joined Ngamring Jampa Ling Monastery where he was ordained as a novice monk and given the monastic name "Kelsang Gyatso" meaning "Ocean of Good Fortune".
Kelsang Gyatso continued his studies at Sera Monastery near Lhasa. After escaping to India via Nepal during the Tibetan exodus in 1959, Kelsang Gyatso stayed at the monastic study centre established at Buxa Fort. All he brought with him were two Buddhist scriptures — Shantideva's Guide to the Bodhisattva's Way of Life and a text by Je Tsongkhapa. In 1971 the Indian Government donated large tracts of land in South India to the community in exile, separate monasteries were established in the south. At this time, Kelsang Gyatso left the monastery at Buxa for Mussoorie where he taught and engaged in intensive meditation retreat for several years. At that time Kelsang Gyatso was "by all accounts, a well respected scholar and meditator" within the Tibetan exile community. Kelsang Gyatso removed references to the 14th Dalai Lama and Ling Rinpoche in the second edition of Clear Light of Bliss, to create a close association between himself and Trijang Rinpoche. In 1976, at the suggestion of the Dalai Lama, Kelsang Gyatso was invited by Lama Thubten Yeshe through their mutual spiritual guide to become the resident teacher at the main FPMT center, Manjushri Institute in Ulverston, Cumbria in England.
In 1991 Following a three-year retreat in Tharpaland, Dumfries, he founded the NKT-IKBU. He retired as General Spiritual Director of the NKT-IKBU in August 2009 but continues to write books and practice materials. Lama Yeshe's decision to invite his former classmate to be Resident Teacher at the FPMT's Manjushri Institute in England was advised by the Dalai Lama, he arrived in August 1977 and gave his first teaching on Lamrim on September 10. Under Kelsang Gyatso's spiritual direction, Manjushri Institute "became a thriving training and retreat center." Kelsang Gyatso taught the General Program at Manjushri from 1977 to 1987. At that time, the Geshe studies programme was taught by Jampa Tekchok and Konchog Tsewang. On October 13, 1983, Kelsang Gyatso became a naturalized British citizen. In 1979, Kelsang Gyatso opened a Buddhist teaching centre under his own spiritual direction and without FPMT approval. David Kay explained how many Geshes who happened to teach at FPMT Centers in the early years still considered themselves to be autonomous entities: "Not all of the geshes shared Lama Yeshe's vision of Gelug Buddhism in the West or understood themselves to be part of it."Robert Bluck explained that as a consequence of opening Madhayamaka Centre, Lama Yeshe asked for Kelsang Gyatso's resignation, "but his students petitioned him to remain, a struggle ensued for control of Manjushri Institute, which withdrew from the FPMT."
Although some FPMT students regarded Kelsang Gyatso as a "rogue geshe" as a result of his separation from the FPMT, Bluck suggests an alternative view: "FPMT teachers became remote, with Kelsang Gyatso's single-minded approach and personal example inspiring many students." In 1987, Kelsang Gyatso entered a 3-year retreat at Tharpaland International Retreat Centre in Dumfries, Scotland. During his retreat, he wrote five books and established the foundations of the NKT-IKBU. After completing his retreat in the early months of 1991, Kelsang Gyatso announced the creation of the NKT-IKBU, an event, celebrated by his students in the NKT-IKBU magazine Full Moon as "a wonderful development in the history of the Buddhadharma." Since that time, the NKT-IKBU has grown to comprise over 1100 Centres and groups throughout 40 countries. Kelsang Gyatso's teachings had a practical emphasis teachings based on Lamrim and Mahamudra; when he established the NKT-IKBU study programs he said: I wanted to encourage people to practice purely.
Just having a lot of Dharma knowledge, studying a lot intellectually but not practicing, is a serious problem. This was my experience in Tibet. Intellectual knowledge alone does not give peace. Waterhouse commented, he is an endearing character to look at. Spanswick observes that "many of those who hear him speak are struck by his wisdom and sincerity."At the heart of the NKT-IKBU are its three study programs: the General Program, the Foundation Program, the Teacher Training Program. In these programs students study Kelsang Gyatso's books with authorized NKT-IKBU Dharma teachers. According to the NKT-IKBU, it "seeks not to offer a wester
Derbyshire Constabulary is the territorial police force responsible for policing the county of Derbyshire, England. The force covers an area of over 1,000 square miles with a population of just under one million. To police the county the force is divided into two territorial divisions, based in the towns of Buxton and Chesterfield, Derby; the Force Headquarters, near Ripley and close to the A38 road, is Butterley Hall, former residence of Benjamin Outram and once owned by the Butterley Company. The Old Hall and additional buildings in the large grounds house much of the force's central administrative services; the Ops Divisions HQ at Wyatts Way Ripley is now the home of Operational Support Division which encompasses the Road Policing Unit, Air Support, a partnership with Nottinghamshire Police), ARU, Dog Section, Uniform Task Force and Road Policing Support. The Constabulary is led by the Chief Constable assisted by a Deputy and two Assistant Chief Constables; each division is headed by a Chief Superintendent - the Divisional Commander - and each division is divided into Sections, which are led by an Inspector.
The force has an authorised establishment of 1,827 police officers, 350 special constables and 104 Police Community Support Officers The Chief Officers of the force worked in partnership with the 17 publicly elected representatives on the Derbyshire Police Authority, which shared responsibility for budgets and policy, was intended to ensure that the public of Derbyshire had a voice in the policing of their county. Since the introduction of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 the Derbyshire Police and Crime Commissioner is now responsible for tasks that were once completed by the Police Authority. In November 2012 Alan Charles was elected the Police and Crime Commissioner for Derbyshire for a four-year term. Charles served as Vice Chair of the Derbyshire Police Authority. Derbyshire Constabulary polices an area which ranges from remote rural locations to busy city-centre and suburban environments; the more urbanised east and south of the county, including the market town of Chesterfield and the city of Derby require more officers to respond to the needs of the large resident population, while the more rural north and west require the smaller number of officers to be more mobile.
Calls for service in the rural areas increase during summer as the population is boosted by twenty million visitors each year to the Peak District and its surrounds. Winter weather on the unforgiving high ground around Glossop and Kinder Scout can cause problems for traffic and residents. Derbyshire's different environments lead to different pressures on the police and different concerns for the public. Anti-social behaviour and drug abuse are more prevalent in town and city areas, whereas the rural districts are prone more to travelling crime. In general, Derbyshire has a lower crime rate in comparison to its neighbouring force areas of Greater Manchester Police, South Yorkshire Police, Nottinghamshire Police; these neighbouring areas all contain larger urban centres than Derbyshire and as a result criminals from these areas travel to Derbyshire to commit crime. A recent Home Office report indicated that Derbyshire had the lowest crime levels in the East Midlands region, the force states that crime rates have fallen in Derbyshire by 15% in the last year.
Proposals were made by the Home Secretary on 20 March 2006 to integrate groups of police forces in England and Wales into'strategic' forces, which he saw as being more'fit for purpose' in terms of combating terrorism and organised crime. Under these proposals Derbyshire would have merged with nearby forces to create an'East Midlands Police'. However, these proposals were unpopular with much of the community and the police, for the moment have been deferred, leaving the East Midlands forces to continue independently. In 2010 following the coalition government's drive to reduce spending regional collaboration has been brought back to the table for serious and in depth discussion on how to provide the same or more for less; this may well be the forerunner of a regional force. The Police Roll of Honour Trust lists and commemorates all British police officers killed in the line of duty; the Police Memorial Trust since its establishment in 1984 has erected over 38 memorials to some of those officers.
Since 1828 the following officers of Derbyshire Constabulary were killed while attempting to prevent or stop a crime in progress: Parish Constable William Taylor, 1828 Police Constable Joseph Moss, 1879 Police Constable Stevenson, 2013 In 1965, the force had an establishment of 852 and an actual strength of 775. 1873–?: Francis Joseph Parry 1876–1898: Lieutenant-Colonel William Addis Delacombe 1918–c.1927: Major Philip Francis Ross Anley 1954–1967: William Ewart Pitts 1967–1979: Sir Walter Stansfield 1979–1981: James Fryer 1981–1985: Alfred Parrish 1985–1990: Alan Smith 1990–2000: John Newing 2001–2007: David Coleman 2007–2017: Mick Creedon 2017–present: Peter Goodman List of law enforcement agenc
Duffield is a south Derbyshire village in the Amber Valley district of Derbyshire, 5 miles north of Derby. It is centred on the western bank of the River Derwent at the mouth of the River Ecclesbourne, it is within the Derwent Valley Mills World Heritage Area and its elevated surroundings are the southern foothills of the Pennines. There have been humans in the area from the Iron Age. A paleolithic hand axe has been discovered near the head of the River Ecclesbourne at Hopton. In the Duffield area itself, settlement by the Celts occurred in 400BCE. Although it has been suggested that, once farming began, they would have inhabited the plains of the Derwent and Ecclesbourne, they would most have retreated to higher ground during the winter floods; the Romans arrived in the area in 43CE. It has been suggested that they built a fort to protect the ford across which the caravans of lead from Wirksworth joined Rykneld Street at Derby, en route for the North Sea ports, though this is disputed. A few remains have, been found of Anglo-Saxon occupation by a person, or persons, of some substance.
The Domesday Survey records "Duvelle" as being within hundred of Morleystone. In Norman times, Duffield Castle was built to protect the hunting grounds of Duffield Frith, awarded to Henry de Ferrers by William I. Most of this became the ancient parish of Duffield, which contained the townships of Hazlewood, Makeney, Milford and Windley, the chapelries of Belper and Turnditch. Meanwhile, St Alkmunds Church was built some quarter of a mile to south, its position, so far from the village, it is thought, arose from its purpose, in Anglo-Saxon times, of serving travellers crossing the river on their way from Ashbourne to Nottingham. The original part of the present building, however, is Norman. Duffield Bridge was built across the river, next to the present Bridge Inn, in the thirteenth century and widened in the eighteenth; this became the main road to the north and, in the eighteenth century the road along Duffield Bank was improved, as the'New Chesterfield Turnpike'. Meanwhile, there was a growing community next to Duffield Castle built by Henri de Ferrers.
For many centuries, Duffield was by far the largest centre of population in the parish. Following the rebellion by Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby his lands became part of the Duchy of Lancaster until the reign of Charles I; these included the manor of Duffield and seven parks in Duffield Frith namely, Schethull, Bureper and Schymynde-cliffe, In the Parliamentary Commissioners' report of 1650 respecting Duffield and its chapelries, Belper is described as "a hamlet appertaining to Duffield." One other near Duffield was Champain Park to the South West, in the area of what is now Champion Farm on Cumberhills. Some idea of Duffield's prosperity can be gained from the size of the Church and its additions. In the forest there had been plentiful game, a supply of timber oak, while the farmland was exceedingly fertile, though prone to flooding. With the controls on the rivers with the various weirs and dams in the eighteenth century, the centre of the village was subject to regular floods until the middle of the twentieth century.
A notable resident in the sixteenth century was Anthony Bradshaw who erected a monument in the Church to himself and his large family. He was distantly related to John Bradshaw. Sir Roger Mynor was High Sheriff in 1514, Sergeant of the King's Cellar, an official of Duffield Frith under the Duchy of Lancaster and a Commissioner of Peace for the County of Derby. He, with his lady, has a magnificent table-tomb in Duffield; the first school in Duffield was Duffield Boys' Endowed School, now known as the William Gilbert School in the centre of the village next to the Ecclesbourne. On 21 June 1565, we read that "at a court of the Manor of Duffield Frith, William Gilbert surrendered a cottage and lands and closes for providing and sustaining an honest and learned man within Duffield Frith, to teach and instruct boys in honest and pious discipline and literature." The schoolmaster's wages were settled at 12d. A quarter for every scholar being a grammarian, 8d. for everyone inferior to a grammarian. The medieval manor was replaced in about 1620.
The major activity up to the nineteenth century was agriculture. There were two cattle-fairs. Ironstone is associated with coal deposits in Derbyshire, which outcropped in the Belper and Duffield areas, it is thought that these were what attracted the de Ferrars family to the area, there are frequent references to iron-working in historical records, with a forge near to the present Baptist Chapel. There were a number of corn mills and quarries. Flax, for linen, had been grown in Flaxholme, from the fifteenth century, on the instructions from King Henry VIII. Silk thread began to be produced in quantity by John Lombe in Derby cotton thread in Belper. By the nineteenth century, the major occupation in the village itself, was framework knitting, encouraged by Jedediah Strutt's famous'Derby Rib', while a paper mill opened at Peckwash; the biggest change came with the coming of the North Midland Railway which passed through from 1840, with the opening of Duffield railway station. This was a short way further north the present one, little more than a halt.
The line cut the lane to the church with a footbridge provided at a date. North of the village the main road had been realigned on the west side of the cottages known as Castle Orchard, with a slice out
Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states: Then, at the midwinter, was the king in Gloucester with his council.... After this had the king a large meeting, deep consultation with his council, about this land. Sent he his men over all England into each shire, it was written in Medieval Latin, was abbreviated, included some vernacular native terms without Latin equivalents. The survey's main purpose was to determine what taxes had been owed during the reign of King Edward the Confessor, which allowed William to reassert the rights of the Crown and assess where power lay after a wholesale redistribution of land following the Norman conquest; the assessors' reckoning of a man's holdings and their values, as recorded in Domesday Book, was dispositive and without appeal. The name "Domesday Book" came into use in the 12th century; as Richard FitzNeal wrote in the Dialogus de Scaccario: for as the sentence of that strict and terrible last account cannot be evaded by any skilful subterfuge, so when this book is appealed to... its sentence cannot be quashed or set aside with impunity.
That is why we have called the book "the Book of Judgement"... because its decisions, like those of the Last Judgement, are unalterable. The manuscript is held at The National Archives at London. In 2011, the Open Domesday site made the manuscript available online; the book is an invaluable primary source for historical economists. No survey approaching the scope and extent of Domesday Book was attempted again in Britain until the 1873 Return of Owners of Land which presented the first complete, post-Domesday picture of the distribution of landed property in the British Isles. Domesday Book encompasses two independent works; these were "Little Domesday", "Great Domesday" No surveys were made of the City of London, Winchester, or some other towns due to their tax-exempt status. Most of Cumberland and Westmorland are missing. County Durham is missing; the omission of the other counties and towns is not explained, although in particular Cumberland and Westmorland had yet to be conquered. "Little Domesday" – so named because its format is physically smaller than its companion's – is the more detailed survey, down to numbers of livestock.
It may have represented the first attempt, resulting in a decision to avoid such level of detail in "Great Domesday". Both volumes are organised into a series of chapters listing the fees, held by a named tenant-in-chief of the king, namely religious institutions, Norman warrior magnates and a few Saxon thegns who had made peace with the Norman regime; some of the largest such magnates held several hundred fees, in a few cases in more than one county. For example, the chapter of the Domesday Book Devonshire section concerning Baldwin the Sheriff lists 176 holdings held in-chief by him. Only a few of the holdings of the large magnates were held in demesne, most having been subinfeudated to knights military followers of the tenant-in-chief which latter thus became their overlord; the fees listed within the chapter concerning a particular tenant-in-chief were ordered, but not in a systematic or rigorous fashion, by the Hundred Court under the jurisdiction of which they were situated, not by geographic location.
As a review of taxes owed, it was unpopular. Each county's list opened with the king's demesne lands, it should be borne in mind that under the feudal system the king was the only true "owner" of land in England, under his allodial title. He was thus the ultimate overlord and the greatest magnate could do no more than "hold" land from him as a tenant under one of the various contracts of feudal land tenure. Holdings of Bishops followed of the abbeys and religious houses of lay tenants-in-chief and lastly the king's serjeants, Saxon thegns who had survived the Conquest, all in hierarchical order. In some counties, one or more principal towns formed the subject of a separate section: in some the clamores were treated separately; this principle applies more to the larger volume: in the smaller one, the system is more confused, the execution less perfect. Domesday names a total of 13,418 places. Apart from the wholly rural portions, which constitute its bulk, Domesday contains entries of interest concerning most of t
East Midlands Ambulance Service
East Midlands Ambulance Service National Health Service Trust provides emergency 999, urgent care and patient transport services for the 4.8 million people within the East Midlands region of the UK - covering Nottinghamshire, Leicestershire, Rutland and Northamptonshire. In 2016/17 EMAS received over 938,837 emergency 999 calls with ambulance clinicians dispatched to 653,215 incidents. EMAS employs about 3,290 staff at more than 70 locations, including two control rooms at Nottingham and Lincoln - the largest staff group are those who provide accident and emergency responses to 999 calls. In 2013 EMAS took on 140 new emergency care assistants. In 2014 EMAS announced. In 2010 − 11 EMAS missed key performance targets after a cold spell brought ice. By June 2015 EMAS had failed to meet their category 1 response times for the fifth successive year. EMAS provided patient transport services until contracts worth £20 million per year were taken over in 2012 by two private sector companies. In 2012−13 EMAS had a budget of £148 million.
The Trust spent £4.3 million on voluntary and private ambulance services in 2013−14 for support in busy periods. In 2015 the service faced a drop in funding of around £6 million a year. In October 2014 the Trust decided to spend £88,000 on upgrading its computer equipment. In 2018 the trust said it would need an extra £20 million a year to meet the new ambulance performance standards. Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom Official website