Clifton is a village in Chebanse Township, Iroquois County, United States. The population was 1,468 at the 2010 census, up from 1,317 at the 2000 census. Clifton was founded in 1857; the village takes its name from the Clifton Hotel in Chicago. Clifton is located in northern Iroquois County at 40°56′5″N 87°56′1″W. Interstate 57 passes along the eastern side of the village, with access from Exit 297. I-57 leads north 14 miles to Kankakee and south 61 miles to Champaign. Chicago is 72 miles north of Clifton. According to the 2010 census, Clifton has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,317 people, 519 households, 367 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,485.1 people per square mile. There were 542 housing units at an average density of 611.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 99.16% White, 0.30% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.53% of the population. There were 519 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.1% were non-families.
26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.09. In the village, the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.8 males. The median income for a household in the village was $47,216, the median income for a family was $55,347. Males had a median income of $40,938 versus $25,577 for females; the per capita income for the village was $20,618. About 2.4% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.3% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over. Clifton is one of three municipalities in Iroquois County that are served by Comcast's South Suburban Chicago system; this means that for local broadcast channels, Clifton receives stations from the Chicago area and does not receive any stations from the Champaign–Springfield–Decatur market, which includes Iroquois County.
Village of Clifton official website The Clifton Advocate, newspaper since 1893
Papineau is a village in Papineau Township, Iroquois County, United States. The population was 171 at the 2010 census. Papineau is located in northeastern Iroquois County at 40°58′04″N 87°42′58″W, it is 15 miles north of Watseka, the county seat, 16 miles southeast of Kankakee. According to the 2010 census, Papineau has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 196 people, 60 households, 51 families residing in the village. The population density was 867.7 people per square mile. There were 66 housing units at an average density of 292.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 95.92% White, 3.06% African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.51% from two or more races. There were 60 households out of which 50.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.0% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 15.0% were non-families. 13.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 3.27 and the average family size was 3.53. In the village, the population was spread out with 38.3% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 15.8% from 45 to 64, 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males. The median income for a household in the village was $47,750, the median income for a family was $48,750. Males had a median income of $28,500 versus $20,313 for females; the per capita income for the village was $16,730. None of the families and 1.6% of the population were living below the poverty line. Papineau is home to Picklefest held the first Saturday of November, unless that date is too close to Halloween
Martinton is a village in Martinton Township, Iroquois County, United States. The population was 381 at the 2010 census. Martinton is located in northeastern Iroquois County at 40°54′55″N 87°43′35″W. Illinois Route 1 follows the western border of the village, leading north 8 miles to St. Anne and south 10 miles to Watseka, the Iroquois County seat. According to the 2010 census, Martinton has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 375 people, 135 households, 102 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,492.8 people per square mile. There were 141 housing units at an average density of 561.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.33% White, 1.60% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.27% from other races, 0.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population. There were 135 households out of which 40.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.4% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.4% were non-families.
20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.21. In the village, the population was spread out with 32.0% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males. The median income for a household in the village was $44,583, the median income for a family was $51,042. Males had a median income of $29,821 versus $23,214 for females; the per capita income for the village was $16,208. About 4.6% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
A civil township is a used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. The term town is used in New England, New York, Wisconsin to refer to the equivalent of the civil township in these states. Specific responsibilities and the degree of autonomy vary based on each state. Civil townships are distinct from survey townships, but in states that have both, the boundaries coincide and may geographically subdivide a county; the U. S. Census Bureau classifies civil townships as minor civil divisions. There are 20 states with civil townships. Township functions are overseen by a governing board and a clerk or trustee. Township officers include justice of the peace, road commissioner, assessor and surveyor. In the 20th century, many townships added a township administrator or supervisor to the officers as an executive for the board. In some cases, townships run local libraries, senior citizen services, youth services, disabled citizen services, emergency assistance, cemetery services.
In some states, a township and a municipality, coterminous with that township may wholly or consolidate their operations. Depending on the state, the township government has varying degrees of authority. In the Upper Midwestern states near the Great Lakes, civil townships, are but not always, overlaid on survey townships; the degree to which these townships are functioning governmental entities varies from state to state and in some cases within a state. For example, townships in the northern part of Illinois are active in providing public services — such as road maintenance, after-school care, senior services — whereas townships in southern Illinois delegate these services to the county. Most townships in Illinois provide services such as snow removal, senior transportation, emergency services to households residing in unincorporated parts of the county; the townships in Illinois each have a township board, whose board members were called township trustees, a single township supervisor. In contrast, civil townships in Indiana are operated in a consistent manner statewide and tend to be well organized, with each served by a single township trustee and a three-member board.
Civil townships in these states are not incorporated, nearby cities may annex land in adjoining townships with relative ease. In Michigan, general law townships are corporate entities, some can become reformulated as charter townships, a status intended to protect against annexation from nearby municipalities and which grants the township some home rule powers similar to cities. In Wisconsin, civil townships are known as "towns" rather than townships, but they function the same as in neighboring states. In Minnesota, state statute refers to such entities as towns yet requires them to have a name in the form "Name Township". In both documents and conversation, "town" and "township" are used interchangeably. Minnesota townships can be either Non-Urban or Urban, but this is not reflected in the township's name. In Ohio, a city or village is overlaid onto a township unless it withdraws by establishing a paper township. Where the paper township does not extend to the city limits, property owners pay taxes for both the township and municipality, though these overlaps are sometimes overlooked by mistake.
Ten other states allow townships and municipalities to overlap. In Kansas, some civil townships provide services such as road maintenance and fire protection services not provided by the county. In New England, the states are subdivided into towns, which are functioning municipal corporations that provide most local services. While counties exist in New England, for the most part they serve as dividing lines for state judicial systems. With the exception of a few remote areas of New Hampshire and Maine, every square foot of New England lies within the borders of an incorporated town. New England has cities, most of which are towns whose residents have voted to replace the town meeting form of government with a city form. In portions of New Hampshire and Maine, county subdivisions that are not incorporated are referred to as townships, or by other terms such as "gore", "grant", "location", "plantation", or "purchase". In New York, counties are further subdivided into towns and cities, the principal forms of local government.
Towns fulfill a function similar to those of townships in other states. As is the case in most of New England, every square foot of New York's territory is incorporated. New York towns contain one or more incorporated villages, village residents pay both town and village taxes. Towns include a number of unincorporated hamlets. A Pennsylvania township is a unit of local government, responsible for services such as police departments, local road and street maintenance, it acts the same as a borough. Townships were established based on convenient geographical boundaries and vary in size from six to fifty-two square miles. A New Jersey township is similar, in that it is a form of municipal government equal in status to a village, borough, or city, provides similar services to a Pennsylvania township. In the South, outside cities and towns there is no local government other than the county. North Carolina is no exception to that rule, but it does have townships as minor geographical subdivisions of counties, including
Gilman is a city in Douglas Township, Iroquois County, United States. The population was 1,814 at the 2010 census. Gilman is located in the western part of the county at the intersection of three major highways: Interstate 57, U. S. Route 24, U. S. Route 45; as a result, it has been named "The City of the Crossroads". Amtrak, the national passenger rail service, provides service at the Gilman station. Gilman is 13 miles west of the Iroqouis county seat. According to the 2010 census, Gilman has a total area of 2.25 square miles, of which 2.23 square miles is land and 0.02 square miles is water. Gilman was laid out in the fall of 1857 on land belonging to E. D. Hundley, Judge John Chamberlain, three Methodist ministers: Walter C. Palmer, Joseph Hartwell, John Dempster. Hundley, from Virginia, left Illinois for the South at the outbreak of the Civil War; the three ministers, given their land by Mr. Cassady of Danville, played no further role in the development of the town. Judge Chamberlain was the man most responsible for the early growth of Gilman.
He was born in the son of a lawyer. Chamberlain had served in the New York Legislature and had moved to Iroquois County in 1853, he was elected judge, was active in county politics, lived in Watseka, Illinois. Chamberlain took as a partner Joseph Thomas from nearby Onarga; the town of Gilman was founded at the point where the Peoria and Oquawka Railroad would soon cross the Illinois Central Railroad. The Peoria and Oquawka became the Toledo and Western Railway. In return for establishing a station at Gilman, Octave Chanute, the chief engineer of the Peoria and Oquawka Railroad, asked for and was given one half of all the lots in the original town of Gilman; this was standard practice for the railroad and was done at El Paso and other new towns established along the route of the railroad. Town founders were aware that the lots were not for Chanute, but for the railroad company. Chanute was involved in the foundation of many towns along the railroad in association with local individuals. Railroad companies in Illinois were forbidden to found towns themselves.
Iroquois Democrats had wanted to name the town "Douglas", after the Illinois senator, but Cruger Secor and Company had been given the right to name the town and they decided to honor Samuel Gilman, a director of that company. The design of Gilman in general followed the standard plan used by the Oquawka Railroad; this was based on a Depot Ground, a wider area of railroad-owned land where the tracks pass through a town. In the original town of Gilman, east-west streets were given numbers, 6th to 2nd with Front Street where 1st Street would have been expected; the north-south streets given standard tree names in other Peoria and Oquawka towns, were here assigned distinctive local names including Chamberlain and Douglas. Except for a slight bend in Central and Chamberlain streets, the plan is similar to that of Chatsworth, Fairbury and Watseka; the Gilman plat was exceptionally large with 73 blocks, most having sixteen lots. Unlike most towns of the era, Gilman never developed a single commercial focus.
This was evident early in its history when Beckwith remarked, "The town is the most diffusely settled of any of like population in the state. It would be difficult to tell, the center of the town." The first new inhabitant of the area was W. P. Gardner from Pennsylvania, who at first lived in a shanty maintained by the railroad for its workers; when the survey of Gilman was done in September 1857, Gardner built the first house in Gilman. That same fall James Wright built a house in Gilman; this was soon followed by a much more expensive structure, a three-story hotel costing $4,000 with a third-floor assembly area. The first recorded event in Gilman's history was a ball held on 22 February 1858 at the hotel to celebrate George Washington's birthday; some of the less respectable young men of the neighborhood objected to the ladies being inside the hotel while they were left out on the frigid street. They began calling for the ladies to join them. One of those invited guests was the builder of a man named Lawrence.
Wise in the ways of frontier towns, Lawrence had taken the precaution of bringing a stout stick to the dance. Rushing downstairs he burst out the door swinging his shillelagh and dispersing the rowdies; the ball went on. D. Harwood was the first merchant to open a store in Gilman; the first train through Gilman arrived on 21 September 1857 and was to take local people to the State Fair in Peoria. It was three hours late, but its arrival signaled the start of a period of rapid growth for the new town; the Illinois Central did not begin to run trains until 1858. In 1860 the first school was built. Gilman was organized as a town in 1867. By the late 1860s, Gilman had two railroads; the eastern branch of the Illinois Central linked St. Louis and Chicago, while the Toledo Peoria and Western ran east and west across the state, from the Mississippi River to Indiana. Gilman prospered as the place where people and goods were transferred from one railroad to the other. In 1870 newspaper, the Gilman Star began publication.
The 1870 federal census found. In September 1871, a third railroad, o
Iroquois is a village in Concord Township, Iroquois County, United States, along the Iroquois River. As of the 2010 census the population was 154, down from 207 at the 2000 census. Iroquois is located in eastern Iroquois County at 40°49'40" North, 87°35'1" West, it sits on the north side of the Iroquois River, a west-flowing tributary of the Kankakee River and part of the Illinois River watershed. U. S. Route 52 passes through the village, leading south 4 miles to Sheldon and northwest the same distance to Donovan; the Indiana border is 3 miles to the east via County Highway 31. According to the 2010 census, Iroquois has a total area of all land. In the census of 2000, there were 207 people, 84 households, 65 families in the village; the population density was 346.1 people per square mile. There were 94 housing units at an average density of 157.2 per square mile. The racial makeup was 98.55% White, 0% African American, 0% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, 0.00% from other races, 0.97% from two or more races.
0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 84 households out of which 32.1% had children under18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.6% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone, 65 or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size 2.83. In the village, the population was 24.2% under 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, 15.0% who were 65 or older. The median age was 40. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 101.3 males. The median income for a household was $35,781, the median income for a family $40,250. Males had a median income of $31,875 versus $23,438 for females; the per capita income for the village was $16,624. 1.6% of the population and 0.0% of families were below the poverty line. 0% of those under 18 and 3.4% of those 65 and older were below the poverty line