Woking railway station
Woking railway station is a major stop in Woking, England, on the South Western Main Line used by many commuters. It is 24 miles 27 chains down the line from London Waterloo; the station is managed by South Western Railway. Many South Western Railway services call at Woking, including: the Alton Line calling at stations to Alton the Portsmouth Direct Line to Guildford and stations to Portsmouth the South Western Main Line to Winchester, Bournemouth and Weymouth the West of England Main Line to Andover and Exeter The station is a terminus of the Waterloo to Woking stopping serviceFast trains from Woking take 26 minutes to reach London Waterloo. Trains from the Alton Line take 35 minutes, the stopping service 50 minutes, to Waterloo. An hourly National Express bus service runs between the terminus beside the station and Heathrow Airport, a journey of about 50 minutes; the London and Southampton Railway was authorised on 25 July 1834. It was built and opened in stages, the first section, that between the London terminus at Nine Elms and Woking Common was opened on 21 May 1838.
Woking Common became a through station with the opening of the next section of the line, as far as Winchfield, on 24 September that year. On 4 June 1839, the L&SR was renamed the London and South Western Railway, Woking Common station assumed its current name of Woking around 1843. Woking became a junction with the opening of the Guildford Junction Railway on 5 May 1845; the GJR was always operated by the LSWR, was absorbed by that company on 4 August 1845. The signal box, built by the Southern Railway, is a Grade II listed building. Woking Station has six platforms. Platform 1 – Semi-fast and fast London-bound trains. Adjoins the main station house and town centre to the north. Platform 2 – Fast London services. Part of a single island with 3 and 4 below. Platform 3 – Stopping service to/from London, terminus. At the far east end of platforms 2 to 4. Platform 4 – Fast trains to Basingstoke, Weymouth and Exeter. Platform 5 – Portsmouth line, Alton line, Basingstoke stopping. Platform 6 – a west-facing bay platform, the first train of the day to Portsmouth Harbour via Eastleigh starts from this platform, it is used to stable diesel locomotives in the event of a train failure.
14tph to London Waterloo 4tph on the Portsmouth Direct Line 2tph on the West of England Main Line to Salisbury 6tph on the South Western Main Line The station was destroyed in H. G. Wells's The War of the Worlds. Woking Station can be seen throughout the 1995 music video for'You Do Something To Me' by Paul Weller. In the television adaptation of the Philip K. Dick story "The Commuter" for the series Philip K. Dick's Electric Dreams, railway worker Ed Jacobson works at Woking station, discovers a non-existent destination on the Alton line. Awdry, Christopher. Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. London: Guild Publishing. CN 8983. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508. Wells, H. G.. The War of the Worlds. London: Pan Books. ISBN 0-330-24332-2. Williams, R. A.. The London & South Western Railway, volume 1: The Formative Years. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-4188-X. Woking Borough Council,'Woking's railway' Train times and station information for Woking railway station from National Rail
Ascot railway station
Ascot railway station serves the town of Ascot in Berkshire, England. It is 28 miles 79 chains down the line from London Waterloo; the station, all trains serving it, are operated by South Western Railway. It is at the junction of the Waterloo to Reading line with the Ascot to Guildford line; the station has four platform faces. The London-bound track is a single track with platform faces on either side, both of which are called Platform 1; until some time prior to 2008, both faces could be used to board London-bound trains, but now only the doors on the ticket office side of the train open due to safety worries relating to the third rail being on the other side or the ability of staff to monitor both sides of departing trains. Platform 2 serves the Reading-bound line, Platform 3 serves the Guildford line for trains starting and terminating their journeys at Ascot. Where trains are running from London through to Guildford, or vice versa, they use Platform 2. All lines are bi-directional; the Staines and Woking Junction Railway opened the station when it reached Ascot on 4 June 1856.
On 9 July the line was extended to Wokingham. On 18 March 1878 Ascot became a junction; the London and South Western Railway took over the SWWJR. In the Grouping of 1923 the L&SWR became part of the Southern Railway, which electrified both lines using a third rail system on 1 January 1939. Under nationalisation in 1948 Ascot station became part of the Southern Region of British Railways; the L&SWR opened Ascot Race Course Ascot West in 1922 to serve Ascot Racecourse. BR closed it in 1965. Ascot had four signal boxes until the 1960s - "A" and "B" boxes controlled the main station, West box controlled the racecourse station and "Drake & Mount's Siding" the carriage sidings east of the station; the line through the station is now under the control of the panel box at Feltham. When BR sectorised itself in the 1980s, the station was made part of Network SouthEast. In 1982 a fire damaged the station buildings on the "up" side. Ascot is served by trains between London Waterloo and Reading with a basic service every 30 minutes Monday to Sunday.
Trains to Guildford via Aldershot operate every 30 minutes Monday to Saturday and every 60 minutes on Sundays. Most of these trains start or terminate at Ascot, but there are through trains from London Waterloo to Aldershot during Monday to Friday peak periods. During Royal Ascot week, train services from London Waterloo to Reading through Ascot are increased, with trains running every 15 mins in either direction. Body, G. PSL Field Guides – Railways of the Southern Region. Cambridge: Patrick Stephens Ltd. pp. 35–36. ISBN 0-85059-664-5. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Nationalised Railway Atlas. Penryn, Cornwall: Atlantic Transport Publishers. ISBN 978-0-906899-99-1. OCLC 228266687. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd.
ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137. Train times and station information for Ascot railway station from National Rail Ascot railway station in the 1866 edition of Bradshaw's Descriptive Railway Hand-Book of Great Britain & Ireland Station on navigable Ordnance Survey map
Weymouth railway station
Weymouth railway station is the main railway station serving the town of Weymouth in Dorset, England. The station is the southern terminus of both the South Western Main Line, 142 miles 64 chains down the line from London Waterloo, the Heart of Wessex Line from Bristol Temple Meads and Gloucester; the Wilts and Weymouth Railway, authorised in 1845, was built in stages. Two of the last sections, from Yeovil Pen Mill to Weymouth and a connecting curve from that line to the Dorchester station of the London and South Western Railway, were opened on 20 January 1857; the LSWR was granted running powers from Dorchester to Weymouth, where some of the platforms were dedicated for LSWR use. The station was named Weymouth. Branches to Portland and Weymouth Quay ran from Weymouth Junction, just north of the station; the original station buildings were designed by TH Bertram and constructed in timber with a glazed overall roof across the tracks. By the turn of the century the station area comprised five platforms, a large goods yard, a small LSWR engine shed.
Nearby, Melcombe Regis served Portland passenger trains until 1952 and provided an overflow platform for excursion trains on busy summer weekends until 1959. After the Second World War, the station saw rapid growth in Channel Islands traffic; as a result, the station underwent a major expansion in the late 1950s, gaining two lengthy excursion platforms, additional sidings adjacent to Jubilee Gardens, a new signal box to replace two older boxes. However traffic soon declined and the station was progressively rationalised after the end of steam-hauled operations in 1967 with the goods yard closing in 1972 and the signal box and most of the remaining sidings being taken out of use in 1987. Although the current station is a mere shadow of its former self, the extension of third-rail electrification from Bournemouth in 1988 has given the station much improved services to London; the current station building was formally opened on 3 July 1986. On 4 August 1868, a passenger train collided with the buffer stops at Weymouth due to poor rail conditions and driver error.
Six people were injured. South Western Railway operates a twice-hourly service to London Waterloo via Basingstoke. Great Western Railway operate services every two hours via Westbury to Bristol Temple Meads and points north. There is an additional service running once or twice on a Saturday to London Waterloo via Salisbury operating from late May to early September each year. Weymouth Quay railway station is a disused terminus in the town, its passenger station was used for trains connecting with cross-channel ferries, which have not run since 1987, though the line remains part of the network and the station, in theory, still open. Its use had been suggested as part of the transport infrastructure for the 2012 Olympic sailing events to take place on the Isle of Portland, though since it is accessed via the Weymouth Harbour Branch, which runs along public streets, this posed difficulties; the branch saw both freight and passenger traffic, most fuel-oil trains. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations.
Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508. James, Leslie. A Chronology of the Construction of Britain's Railways 1778-1855. Shepperton: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-1277-6. BE/1183. MacDermot, E. T.. History of the Great Western Railway, vol. I: 1833-1863. Paddington: Great Western Railway. Williams, R. A.. The London & South Western Railway, volume 1: The Formative Years. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-4188-X
South Western Railway (train operating company)
South Western Railway is an English train operating company owned by FirstGroup and MTR Corporation that operates the South Western franchise. It operates commuter services from its Central London terminus at London Waterloo to South West London. SWR provides suburban and regional services in the counties of Surrey and Dorset, as well as regional services in Devon, Somerset and Wiltshire, its subsidiary Island Line operates services on the Isle of Wight. SWR was awarded the South Western franchise in March 2017, took over from South West Trains on 20 August 2017. After failing to negotiate an extension of the South Western franchise with the operator of the time South West Trains, the Department for Transport announced in July 2015 that the franchise would be relet. In February 2016, the DfT announced FirstGroup and Stagecoach had been shortlisted to bid for the next South Western franchise. In June 2016, MTR Corporation took a 30% shareholding in the FirstGroup bid. In July 2016, the DfT issued the Invitation to Tender.
In March 2017, the franchise was awarded to First/MTR, operating from 20 August 2017 to 18 August 2024, with an option for the DfT to extend for a further 48 weeks. In July 2017, the Competition & Markets Authority sought undertakings from SWR that it would not abuse its monopoly on services to the West of England and Somerset, as FirstGroup operated the Greater Western franchise in those regions; the CMA accepted a concession from FirstGroup and MTR that unregulated fares between London and Exeter would be capped. In April 2018, concerns began to grow over South Western Railway's performance over previous months after the number of delays and cancellations began to rise; the Transport Secretary, Chris Grayling, announced an independent review into the performance of South Western Railway and Network Rail. This was welcomed by Steve Brine. In July 2018, it was reported that FirstGroup/MTR were renegotiating the SWR contract due to the operator's inability to deliver on many of its promised improvements, as well as its declining performance and history of industrial action.
South Western Railway is the main operator for western Surrey and Dorset, serves London, Wiltshire and Devon. Most SWR services run on electrified lines using the 750 V DC third-rail system. There is a diesel fleet for services on the West of England line to Salisbury and Bristol, using the unelectrified track beyond Worting Junction just west of Basingstoke, for Salisbury to Southampton via Romsey services which serve Eastleigh. SWR operates 1,700 train services per day. From London Waterloo, SWR's London terminus, long-distance trains run to southern England, including the major coastal population centres of Portsmouth, Bournemouth and Weymouth. There are trains to Reading and Bristol, but these are not the principal fast services from London to those cities, which are operated from London Paddington by Great Western Railway; the majority of its passengers are on suburban commuter lines in inner and south-west London, east Berkshire, north-east Hampshire. As with most rail companies, non-folding bicycles are banned from peak-time trains to and from London.
However, these restrictions apply only to cyclists boarding or alighting in the area bounded by Hook, Guildford and Dorking, in order to maximise available passenger space on the most crowded trains. South Western Railway operates regular services on four mainline routes: The South Western Main Line runs between London and the town of Weymouth. South Western Railway operates trains along the entire length of the line. All trains operated by the company start from or terminate at London Waterloo. There are trains to and from Portsmouth. In addition to the South Western Railway services, CrossCountry operates regular passenger services on the line between Basingstoke and Bournemouth; the Portsmouth Direct Line branches off the SWML at Woking and runs to Portsmouth via Guildford, Haslemere and Havant. South Western Railway operates all passenger trains on this route; the West of England Main Line is the only mainline route, not electrified. It leaves the SWML at Basingstoke and runs to Exeter via Andover, Salisbury and Yeovil.
South Western Railway is the only operator on the line, with most services running between London and either Salisbury or Exeter St Davids. Some peak-time services terminate at various other destinations on the line, including Gillingham and Andover. On Summer Saturdays, there is a daily return service to Weymouth, which leaves the WEML at Yeovil Junction and continues via the Heart of Wessex Line; the Alton Line runs to Alton via Aldershot and Farnham. It is the shortest of the four mainline routes and as such it is sometimes considered an outer suburban route instead. Services us
Surbiton railway station
Surbiton railway station is a National Rail station in Surbiton, south-west London, in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. The station is managed and served by South Western Railway, is in Travelcard Zone 6, it is 12 miles 3 chains from London Waterloo and is situated between Berrylands and Esher on the main line. It has been considered as one of the finest modernist stations in Great Britain and is a Grade II listed building; the London and Southampton Railway intended its line to go via Kingston but Kingston Corporation objected, fearing a deleterious impact on their coaching trade, the railway passed about 1.5 mi south of the town with the first Kingston station opening in 1838 on the east side of King Charles Road. In either 1840 or in 1845 it was resited 0.5 miles west to Surbiton little more than a farm. The Hampton Court Branch was built in 1849, the New Guildford Line which diverges at the same point opened in 1885. Successive renamings of the station were Kingston Junction in late 1852, Surbiton and Kingston in 1863 when the present Kingston railway station opened on the branch line, Surbiton in 1867.
The station was rebuilt in 1937 by the Southern Railway with two island platforms with Southern Railway designed canopies. The buildings were designed by James Robb Scott in an art deco style. In 1984/85 a large mural titled'Passengers' was painted in the booking hall by artist Graeme Willson, it has since been removed. The station had a moderately sized goods yard, situated on the eastern side of the station platforms. Two additional sidings were located on the western'up' side of the station and were served by a short loading platform. In addition to local goods facilities, the main yard was used as the loading point for the short lived Surbiton – Okehampton car carrier service that ran between 1960 and 1964; the main goods yard closed in 1971 with all localised freight operations being moved to the nearby goods yard at Tolworth on the Chessington branch. The former goods yard site at Surbiton became the main station car park although some land was subsequently developed into residential flats.
One of the two'up' sidings remains in place and still sees occasional use with civil engineering stock. A major incident occurred on 4 July 1971 when a freight train derailed on the points at the London end of platforms 3 & 4. Unaware of the incident, the driver continued through the station with the result that two derailed wagons toppled over south of the platforms and obstructed the down fast through line. At the same time, a down express passed through the station and collided with the derailed wagons at a speed that caused the front of the express to derail and topple over; the leading coach came to rest as it struck the road bridge that passes under the line south of the station. There were no fatalities and the cause of the initial derailment was attributed to overloading of some of the ballast wagons in the freight train which resulted in buffer locking when the train left Clapham Junction yard that day; the ticket office at Surbiton is open seven days a week, unlike some stations, so commuters from surrounding areas sometimes go to this station to buy and renew tickets.
The typical off-peak service in trains per hour at the station is: 10 to London Waterloo 2 to Hampton Court 2 to Woking 2 to Guildford via Cobham 2 to Basingstoke calls at Weybridge and Woking 2 to Alton calls at Woking The station has four platforms on two islands. Platform 1: for most services to London Waterloo. Platform 2: for some services to London Waterloo in the early morning and late evening. Non-stopping up trains use its track. Platform 3: for trains to Basingstoke and the Alton Line. Platform 4 is for trains to Woking, the Hampton Court Branch and the New Guildford Line An additional track for non-stopping down trains lies between Platforms 2 and 3. London Buses routes 65, 71, 281, 465, K1, K2, K3 and K4 and non-TFL routes 514 and 515 serve the station; the station was used for filming of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince in October 2007. Surbiton station appears in Agatha Christie's Poirot: "The Adventure of the Clapham Cook", a TV adaptation of the short story by Agatha Christie and the first episode of the 1989 ITV series.
Having been set in the 1930s Art Deco period and external shots of Hercule Poirot's fictional residence Whitehaven Mansions being filmed at Florin Court, the station assists in maintaining the authenticity of the programme and was built within a year of Florin Court. Train times and station information for Surbiton railway station from National Rail London Transport Museum: Kingston – The growth of London through transport – with 1875 map
North Downs Line
The North Downs Line is a passenger-train line connecting Reading, on the Great Western Main Line, to Redhill and Gatwick Airport, along the Brighton Main Line, linking many centres of population in that part of the North Downs which it traverses en route. Between Redhill and Ash the line runs parallel with the North Downs. Between Reigate and Gomshall the line runs along the foot of the North Downs escarpment in the Vale of Holmesdale. At Guildford it passes through the gap in the Downs formed by the River Wey, with a short tunnel just south of Guildford station, further west between Guildford and Ash the line runs to the north of the Hog's Back, it follows the Blackwater valley as far as Sandhurst, before continuing to Reading. The line was authorised by Acts of Parliament in 1846 and 1847 and most of it was constructed by the Reading and Reigate Railway Company, opening in 1849; the stated objective of the company was to "secure through traffic passing between the West and Midlands and the Channel Ports avoiding the congestion of London and thus saving time and expense."
Although the company had some independent shareholders, it was associated with the South Eastern Railway. The original intention was for the SER to build part of the line itself, but this proposal was rejected by Parliament; the independence of the company was only a formality to satisfy Parliament. The two companies had some common directors; as intended at outset, the line was leased to the SER in 1850, the two companies merged in 1852. The company's relationship with the GWR is described as "enigmatic"; the GWR offered the company the use of its facilities at Reading station but terms could not be agreed and a separate station was built. The SER operated the line from its opening, ran passenger services on it from Reading to London Charing Cross via Redhill. Today, the distances along the line between Redhill and Shalford Junction, between Ash Junction and Reading are measured from the Charing Cross terminus of the former SER; the line is designated W6 loading gauge. Overnight engineering possessions of up to 4 1⁄2 hours are available.
Reading to Wokingham is electrified and signalled under the track circuit block system from Wokingham Signal Box. Signalling headways are 3 minutes for fast services and 3 1⁄2 minutes for stopping services; the line speed is 70 mph, except for two 30 mph restrictions. Wokingham to North Camp is under the control of Wokingham Signal Box, although long distances between signals increase headways to 6 minutes and 11 minutes for fast and stopping services respectively; this section is not electrified and the line speed is 70 mph. It is planned to transfer the control of Wokingham Signal Box to the new Rail Operating Centre in Basingstoke in 2017/18. North Camp to Shalford Junction is controlled from Guildford. Signalling headways are 2 minutes 3 minutes for stopping services; this section is electrified from Aldershot South Junction. The line speed is 70 mph, except for a 40 mph restriction at Ash Junction where the line curves and a 30 mph restriction on the approaches to Guildford station. Resignalling in October 1999 enabled reversible working on the down line through both tunnels between Guildford and Shalford Junction.
Shalford Junction to Reigate The route leaves the Portsmouth Direct Line at Shalford Junction and there is a 20 mph restriction. From here to Reigate, the line is not electrified, it is controlled by Guildford from Shalford Junction to Gomshall and by Reigate Signal Box from Gomshall to Redhill. Signalling headways are 5 minutes 7 minutes for stopping services; the line speed varies from 30 mph to 70 mph. Redhill to Reigate is electrified; the approach to Redhill is controlled by Three Bridges Signalling Centre and has a 30 mph speed restriction. The major capacity constraints are the platform capacities of Reading and Gatwick Airport stations. At Reading, North Downs Line services terminate at platforms 4, 5 and 6 on the south side of the station, although access to other platforms is possible via Reading Spur Junction with the Great Western Main Line. Trains may access the north side of Reading station via a single track underpass; the access to platforms 4 and 5 was via a short single track section, which limited capacity.
As part of the 2012 Reading resignalling scheme, an additional platform has been provided for North Downs Line services. Capacity restraints at Redhill will be improved by the creation of a new platform and improvements to track work south of the station, as part of the Solum Regeneration project. A new platform at Gatwick Airport was opened in February 2014; the new platform at Redhill is planned to open in 2019 from which time additional services are planned to travel through to Gatwick Airport. Network SouthEast planned to electrify the whole route, with a completion date of 1993 being published, but these plans were dropped; the main services on the line are provided by Great Western Railway using Class 165 and Class 166 Network Turbo diesel multiple units. Hourly semi-fast services run from R
Portsmouth & Southsea railway station
Portsmouth & Southsea railway station is the main railway station in central Portsmouth in Hampshire, England. It is close to the Commercial Road shopping centre. British Transport Police maintain a presence at the station. There is a taxi rank at the front of the building and regular local buses within five minutes' walking distance; the station, managed by South Western Railway, has ticket barriers in operation. Part of the station is still in its Network Southeast red livery for stations; the station was first opened as Portsmouth on 14 June 1847. It was renamed Portsmouth Town on 2 October 1876 to avoid confusion with other stations in Portsmouth. After the closure of the Southsea Railway branchline in 1914, the station name was changed to Portsmouth & Southsea in 1925. Portsmouth & Southsea station was once the junction for the Portsmouth Dockyard branch, known as the Admiralty Line; the station is located on the Portsmouth Direct Line which runs between London Waterloo and Portsmouth Harbour.
In addition there are regular services to Cardiff Central, Bristol Temple Meads, Southampton Central, Woking, Gatwick Airport, East Croydon and London Victoria. The station is split into two distinct parts: the high level and the low level where some trains terminate. In addition, Hovertravel run a bus service from Portsmouth & Southsea which connects to their Hovercraft service from Southsea to the Isle of Wight; the IoW terminal is located next to Ryde Esplanade, with a single price ticket for journeys via rail/hover/rail, similar to that provided by Wightlink from Portsmouth Harbour. Monday to Saturday South Western Railway 3tph to London Waterloo via Guildford 1tph to London Waterloo via Eastleigh and Basingstoke 3tph to Portsmouth Harbour 1tph to Southampton CentralSouthern 1tph to London Victoria via Horsham and Gatwick Airport 1tph to Littlehampton 1tph to Brighton 2tph to Portsmouth HarbourGreat Western Railway 1tph to Cardiff Central via Bristol Temple Meads and Southampton Central 1tph to Portsmouth Harbour Train times and station information for Portsmouth & Southsea railway station from National Rail