Riddells Creek is a town in Victoria, located in the Shire of Macedon Ranges. It is located in between the cities of Melbourne. Riddells Creek is the name of the main watercourse which flows through the township, and, a tributary of Jacksons Creek to the south; the town is served by Riddells Creek railway station on the Bendigo line. At the 2011 census, Riddells Creek had a population of 2976. Riddells Creek was settled by John Carre Riddell and Thomas Ferrier Hamilton in 1841, when they purchased around 640 acres of land and leased another 2,000 acres; the dirt road running parallel and opposite to the train station, Hamilton Street, was home to Mr John Carre Riddell whose house now demolished was the oldest house in Riddells Creek to date. Hamilton Street and the Road between New Gisborne and Riddells Creek is named Hamilton Road after Thomas Hamilton. Riddells Creek Post Office opened on 1 February 1859. Riddells Creek is on the southern foothills of the Macedon Ranges. Riddells Creek is surrounded by natural bushland.
There is a small creek that runs through the town at Wybejong Park. Riddells Creek Primary School provides education for children in the area. Sporting and clubs in Riddells Creek include a Pony Club, Riddells Junior Basketball Association, Riddell Football Club, Cricket Club and Dog Obedience Club. There is a Living and Learning Centre, the Riddells Creek Winery and Riddells Creek Landcare. Riddells Creek is home to the Dromkeen Museum, a nineteenth century homestead classified by the National Trust of Australia, home to the Australian Children's Literature Collection, it provides educational displays and programs relating to Australian children's literature. To the east of Riddells Creek, adjacent to the Mount Charlie State Forest, the 74-hectare Rowallan Recreation and Adventure Camp is owned by the Scouts and Guides of Essendon Area, it is named after Lord Rowallan and opened in 1950. Media related to Riddells Creek, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons
Electorates of the Australian states and territories
A State Electoral District is an electorate within the Lower House or Legislative Assembly of Australian states and territories. Most state electoral districts send a single member to a state or territory's parliament using the preferential method of voting; the area of a state electoral district is dependent upon the Electoral Acts in the various states and vary in area between them. At present, there are 409 state electoral districts in Australia. State electoral districts do not apply to the Upper House, or Legislative Council, in those states that have one. In New South Wales and South Australia, MLCs represent the entire state, in Tasmania they represent single-member districts, in Victoria and Western Australia they represent a region formed by grouping electoral districts together. There are five electorates for the Legislative Assembly, each with five members each, making up 25 members in total. There are 93 electoral districts in New South Wales. There are 25 single-member electoral divisions in the Northern Territory, 17 former divisions.
There are 93 electoral districts in Queensland, for the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. Information about the QLD electoral districts for the 2006 elections can be obtained from the Electoral Commission of Queensland website. There are 47 single-member electoral districts in South Australia, for the South Australian House of Assembly. There are 15 electoral divisions in Tasmania for the upper house Legislative Council. In the lower house the five federal divisions are used, but electing 5 members each There are 88 electoral districts in Victoria, for the Victorian Legislative Assembly. There are 59 single-member electoral districts in Western Australia for the Western Australian Legislative Assembly. 42 are in the Perth metropolitan area and 17 are in the rest of the state. Divisions of the Australian House of Representatives Local government in Australia Parliaments of the Australian states and territories
Toolern Vale is a town in Victoria, Australia, 39 km north-west of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the City of Melton and Shire of Macedon Ranges local government areas. Toolern Vale recorded a population of 724 at the 2016 census. Toolern Vale contains a primary school, CFA fire station, a war memorial and reserve with tennis courts, as well as a community hall used for antique and collectables auctions. Toolern Vale is renowned for the numerous horse studs and training facilities which abound; the area is referred to as "Thoroughbred Country". VicRoads has issued special and brown "Thoroughbred Country" licence plates which are seen being spotted on vehicles from Toolern Vale; the Post Office opened on 1 January 1871 and was known as Toolern until 1904. Melton Airfield is a small grass strip airfield located at the intersection of Coburns Road and Diggers Rest - Coimadai Road. Media related to Toolern Vale at Wikimedia Commons Emirates Park Stud Plane Spotting in Victoria
Bullengarook is a locality in Victoria, Australia. The locality is centred on Bacchus Marsh Road, 14 kilometres west of Gisborne and 19 km north of Bacchus Marsh. Bullengarook is in the Shire of Macedon Ranges local government area. At the 2011 Census and the surrounding area had a population of 603. Mount Bullengarook, the Lerderderg State Park and the headwaters of Coimadai Creek are found to the south of the township; the community is a small one. The local primary school closed down in 2007. There is a Recreation Reserve; the Reserve land was donated to the Shire council by a local land owner and now provides a number of community facilities including but not limited to a tennis club, cricket ground facilities, a pavilion available to the public for rental and equestrian facilities for the local children's pony club and adult riders clubs. There are no commercial facilities; the nearest railway station is located in New Gisborne on the Bendigo railway line. The line was constructed between 1858 and 1861.
The local lands were inhabited by the Wurundjeri people. Earliest records show that Europeans settled in the area in 1850. Industry included gold mining. Bullengarook Post Office opened on 24 February 1868 and the Bullengarook East office opened on 15 April 1880. Bullengarook closed in 1950; the local Bullengarook Bellows newspaper is still in production. Gisborne and Mount Macedon Districts Historical Society Inc
Trentham is a small town in the Shire of Hepburn and Shire of Moorabool local government area, Australia. At the 2016 census, Trentham had a population of 1,180. Located at an altitude of 700 metres, the town is 87 kilometres north-west of Melbourne. Although pastoral runs were taken up in the area as early as 1838, Trentham was first settled by gold prospectors in the 1850s, developed for its timber resources from the surrounding Wombat State Forest; the Post Office opened on 16 July 1862. A railway line arrived in 1880. At its peak carried up to 21,000 tonnes of freight annually; the station once had a timber tramway. In the 1950s, the railway declined as better roads were built to connect the town with the major settlements of Victoria, it was closed during the 1970s; the station is now the Trentham Agricultural and Railway Museum, with the restored station building, the intact yard with some rolling stock, a platform in good condition. Potato growing and tourism became the mainstays of the town's economy.
The climate is cool and moist: the mean summer temperature is 21.9 °C, nights fall to around 9.8 °C in February. The coldest temperature recorded was –8 °C with many nights in winter reaching –5 °C. Snow falls are not uncommon in winter–sleet and snow can fall on up to 13 days per year. Trentham has an average annual precipitation of 1,102.3 mm, the highest one day rainfall was 154.9 mm and the highest monthly rainfall was 317.5 mm. The region has a distinct winter rainfall maximum. Rainfall occurs through the summer but tends to be more erratic and unreliable occurring in heavy downpours associated with thunderstorms. Near Trentham is Trentham Falls on the Coliban River–the highest single-drop waterfall in Victoria. There are several mineral springs near the town; the annual Great Trentham Spudfest has been running since 2008, celebrating Trentham's potato-growing heritage. The town has an Australian Rules football team, the Trentham Saints, competing in the Maryborough Castlemaine District Football League.
The Trentham Golf Club is on Falls Road
Postcodes in Australia
Postcodes are used in Australia to more efficiently sort and route mail within the Australian postal system. Postcodes in Australia are placed at the end of the Australian address. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department and are now managed by Australia Post, are published in booklets available from post offices or online from the Australia Post website. Australian envelopes and postcards have four square boxes printed in orange at the bottom right for the postcode; these are used. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department to replace earlier postal sorting systems, such as Melbourne's letter and number codes and a similar system used in rural and regional New South Wales; the introduction of the postcodes coincided with the introduction of a large-scale mechanical mail sorting system in Australia, starting with the Sydney GPO. By 1968, 75% of mail was using postcodes, in the same year post office preferred-size envelopes were introduced, which came to be referred to as “standard envelopes”.
Postcode squares were introduced in June 1990 to enable Australia Post to use optical character recognition software in its mail sorting machines to automatically and more sort mail by postcodes. Australian postcodes consist of four digits, are written after the name of the city, suburb, or town, the state or territory: Mr John Smith 100 Flushcombe Road BLACKTOWN NSW 2148When writing an address by hand, a row of four boxes is pre-printed on the lower right hand corner of an envelope, the postcode may be written in the boxes. If addressing a letter from outside Australia, the postcode is recorded before'Australia'. Australian postcodes are sorting information, they are linked with one area. Due to post code rationalisation, they can be quite complex in country areas; the south-western Victoria 3221 postcode of the Geelong Mail Centre includes twenty places around Geelong with few people. This means that mail for these places is not sorted until it gets to Geelong; some postcodes cover large populations, while other postcodes have much smaller populations in urban areas.
Australian postcodes range from 0200 for the Australian National University to 9944 for Cannonvale, Queensland. Some towns and suburbs have two postcodes — one for street deliveries and another for post office boxes. For example, a street address in the Sydney suburb of Parramatta would be written like this: Mr John Smith 99 George Street PARRAMATTA NSW 2150But mail sent to a PO Box in Parramatta would be addressed: Mr John Smith PO Box 99 PARRAMATTA NSW 2124Many large businesses, government departments and other institutions receiving high volumes of mail had their own postcode as a Large Volume Receiver, e.g. the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital has the postcode 4029, the Australian National University had the postcode 0200. More postcode ranges were made available for LVRs in the 1990s. Australia Post has been progressively discontinuing the LVR programme since 2006; the first one or two numbers show the state or territory that the postcode belongs to Sometimes near the state and territory borders, Australia Post finds it easier to send mail through a nearby post office, across the border: Some of the postcodes above may cover two or more states.
For example, postcode 2620 covers both a locality in NSW as well as a locality in the ACT, postcode 0872 covers a number of localities across WA, SA, NT and QLD. Three locations straddle the NSW-Queensland border. Jervis Bay Territory, once an exclave of the ACT but now a separate territory, is geographically located on the coast of NSW, it is just south of the towns of Huskisson, with which it shares a postcode. Mail to the Jervis Bay Territory is still addressed to the ACT; the numbers used to show the state on each radio callsign in Australia are the same number as the first number for postcodes in that state, e.g. 2xx in New South Wales, 3xx in Victoria, etc. Radio callsigns pre-date postcodes in Australia by more than forty years. Australia's external territories are included in Australia Post's postcode system. While these territories do not belong to any state, they are addressed as such for mail sorting: Three scientific bases in Antarctica operated by the Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions share a postcode with the isolated sub-Antarctic island of Macquarie Island: Each state's capital city ends with three zeroes, while territorial capital cities end with two zeroes.
Capital city postcodes were the lowest postcodes in their state or territory range, before new ranges for LVRs and PO Boxes were made available. The last number can be changed from "0" to "1" to get the postcode for General Post Office boxes in any capital city: While the first number of a postcode shows the state or territory, the second number shows a region within the state. However, postcodes with the same second number are not always next to each other; as an example, postcodes in the range 2200–2299 are split between the southern suburbs of Sydney and the Central Coast of New South Wales. Postcodes with a second number of "0" or "1" are always located within the metropolitan area of the state's capital city. Postcodes with higher secon
Carlsruhe is a small rural town in the Shire of Macedon Ranges between Woodend and Kyneton, alongside the old Calder Highway, although now bypassed by the Calder Freeway. It is 50 minutes from both Melbourne and Bendigo. At the 2011 census and the surrounding area had a population of 456. Carlsruhe was a sheep run established in August 1837 by Charles Ebden. Carlsruhe was the first rural property north of the Port Phillip settlement, it was named after Karlsruhe, where Ebden received part of his education. Although Carlsruhe is named after the German city, the German pronunciation of the name is different from the Australian town, pronounced using English spelling conventions; this is because in German the final "e" is pronounced with an "uh sound, whereas in English the "e" it is silent when at the end of a word. Carlsruhe has a graveyard with many tombstones dating back to the 19th century. A township was established in the 1850s. After the railway arrived in 1862, Carlsruhe Railway Station post office opened some distance away, in October 1865.
The original Carlsruhe post office closed in 1957. Carlsruhe railway station Charles Hotson Ebden in Australian Dictionary of Biography Pictures, maps etc