Ashikaga Yoshimitsu was the 3rd shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate, who was in power from 1368 to 1394 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshimitsu was appointed shogun, hereditary head of the estate, in 1368 at the age of ten. In 1392, he negotiated the end of the Nanboku-chō imperial schism that had plagued politics for over half a century, two years later he became Grand Chancellor of State, the highest-ranking member of the imperial court. Retiring from that and all offices in 1395, Yoshimitsu took the tonsure and moved into his Kitayama-dono retirement villa which, among other things. There, he received envoys from the Ming and Joseon courts on at least six occasions, in recognition for his diplomatic efforts, the Chinese sovereign pronounced Yoshimitsu King of Japan. In 1407, he set into motion a plan to become Dajō tenno, although unrealized due to his sudden death the following year, this last venture was particularly audacious because Yoshimitsu never actually sat on the Japanese throne. Significant events shape the period during which Yoshimitsu was shogun,1368 – Yoshimitsu appointed shogun,1369 – Kusunoki Masanori defects to Ashikaga. 1370 – Imagawa Sadayo sent to subdue Kyushu,1371 – Attempts to arrange truce. 1373–1406 – Embassies between China and Japan,1374 – Enyū ascends northern throne. 1378 – Yoshimitsu builds the Muromachi palace in Kyotos elite district of Kamigyo,1379 – Shiba Yoshimasa becomes Kanrei. 1380 – Kusunoki Masanori rejoins Kameyama, southern army suffers reverses,1382 – Go-Komatsu ascends northern throne, resurgence of southern army. 1383 – Yoshimitsus honors, Go-Kameyama ascends southern throne,1385 – Southern army defeated at Koga. 1387–1389 – Dissension in Toki family in Mino,1389 – Yoshimitsu pacifies Kyūshū and distributes lands, Yoshimitsu opposed by Kamakura kanrei Ashikaga Ujimitsu. 1390 – Kusunoki defeated, Yamana Ujikiyo chastises Tokinaga,1391 – Yamana Ujikyo attacks Kyoto – Meitoku War. 1392 – Northern and Southern courts reconciled under Go-Komatsu,1394 – Yoshimitsu officially cedes his position to his son, Ashikaga Yoshimochi appointed shogun. 1397 – Uprising in Kyūshū suppressed,1399 – Ōuchi Yoshihiro and Ashikaga Mitsukane rebel – Ōei War. 1402 – Uprising in Mutsu suppressed,1404 – Yoshimitsu is recognized as Nippon Koku-Ō by Emperor of China. Yoshimitsu constructed his residence in the Muromachi section in the capital of Kyoto in 1378, as a result, in Japanese, the Ashikaga shogunate and the corresponding time period are often referred to as the Muromachi shogunate and Muromachi period
Image: Yoshimitsu Ashikaga cropped
Kinkakuji Temple, the Golden Pavilion at Kinkaku-ji, originated as the villa of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu.