click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Ashton Lever

Sir Ashton Lever FRS was an English collector of natural objects, in particular the Leverian collection. Lever was born in 1729 at Alkrington Hall. In 1735 Sir James Darcy Lever, his father, served as High Sheriff of Lancashire. Lever began by collecting seashells in about 1760, accumulated one of the richest private collections of natural objects, including live animals, he opened it to the public in April 1766, in Manchester, moving the museum to his family home at Alkrington Hall, near Rochdale, Lancashire, in 1771. In the same year he founded Archers' Hall, Inner Circle, Regent's Park, London for the Archers' Company of the Honourable Artillery Company. In 1774, Lever moved to London, next year his Holophusicon opened to the public in Leicester Square. Captain James Cook was impressed by Lever's collection, donated objects from his own voyages to the museum. Lever continued to buy items until he became bankrupt, at which point the collection contained 28,000 specimens. Both the British Museum and the Empress of Russia declined to buy it, so it was disposed of by lottery: 8,000 tickets were sold at a guinea each.

The winner, James Parkinson put the collection up for auction in 1806, when the largest purchasers were the British naturalist Edward Donovan and Leopold von Fichtel, bidding on behalf of the Natural History Museum, Vienna. Purchasers included the Earl of William Bullock, who had a large private collection. Lever's collection was catalogued by George Shaw. Waterfield, Hermione. H.. Provenance: Collectors of Ethnographic Art in England 1760–1990. Paris: Somogy éditions d'art. ISBN 0-304-36333-2

Attack & Release

Attack & Release is the fifth studio album by American rock duo The Black Keys. It was produced by Danger Mouse and was released on April 1, 2008; the sessions saw the band transitioning away from their "homemade" ethos to record-making. Leading up to the recording sessions, drummer Patrick Carney wanted to change the sound of his drums and envisioned two approaches to doing so, he said, "I set that up in a live room. And I knew I wanted a kind of'70s dead sound too, so I did the whole'towels on the drums' thing."Attack & Release debuted at number 14 on the Billboard 200. The album was ranked 83rd on Rolling Stone's list of the greatest albums of the 2000s; the song "I Got Mine" was number 23 on Rolling Stone's list of the 100 Best Songs of 2008. In 2012, the album was certified gold in Canada, gold in the U. S. in 2016. All tracks are written by Dan Auerbach and Patrick Carney, except "Things Ain't Like They Used to Be" by Dan Auerbach. Notes"Things Ain't Like They Used to Be" features a duet between Dan Auerbach and 17-year-old bluegrass/country singer Jessica Lea Mayfield.

The Black Keys Dan Auerbach – vocals, etc. Patrick Carney – drums, etc. Additional Musicians Danger Mouse – Hohner bass 3, Korg and Moog synthesizers, organ Carla Monday – harmony vocals on "I Got Mine", "Psychotic Girl" and "Lies" Jessica Lea Mayfield – harmony vocals on "Things Ain't Like They Used to Be" Ralph Carneyjaw harp on "I Got Mine", contra bass clarinet on "Lies", clarinet on "Remember When", flute and concert bass harmonica on "Same Old Thing" Marc Ribotguitar solo on "Lies" and "So He Won't Break", rhythm guitar on "Remember When", slide guitar on "Oceans and Streams"

Francis Y.S. Garlawolu

Note: much of this article derives from a hagiographical press-release promoting Garlawolu's presidential candidacyFrancis Y. S. Garlawolu, is attorney. Garlawolu was born to Mr. Flomo Garlawolu and Madam Towin Var Garlawolu in the small village of Garlawoluta Jorquelleh District, Bong County, Republic of Liberia. After completing his studies at the University of Liberia in the 1970s, Garlawolu began working as an attorney on human rights cases in Liberia, he defended poor people, labor unions, opposition groups in the 1980s. Garlawolu passed the Bar Examinations, was admitted to the Supreme Court Bar in 1983, he holds several awards including the Albent Award for the democratization of Liberian society. In 1984, Garlawolu served as a Deputy Trial Counsel of the Supreme Military Tribunal with the rank of Captain. In 1990, when the Country was divided by the Civil war, Garlawolu founded a national movement for the protection of civilian rights; this organization was known as the concerned citizen movement of Liberia.

He was its National Chairman. He attended all the peace conferences from Africa to Europe, which led to the formation of a government of National Unity, in which he became the first Attorney General and Minister of Justice in 1996. In 1997, he was elected as Senior Senator of Bong County and chaired the Senate Standing Committee on Judiciary & Human Rights. Following the dethroning of the Taylor-led-government, Garlawolu was unanimously elected as member of the National Transitional Legislative Assembly in 2003. Garlawolu was unanimously elected by his Colleagues to chair the Judiciary Committee - which Committee he still chairs. Garlawolu is a member of the International Criminal Law Network based in The Hague with the rights of a defense Counsel, he is accredited to practice before the International Criminal Court & International Court of Justice. In 2003, Garlawolu filed a case on behalf of the Liberian Government against the Government of Sierra Leone before the International Court of Justice.

He represented ex-president Charles G. Taylor before the Special Court in Sierra Leone, he has represented Charles Taylor's wife in divorce proceedings. Garlawolu takes credit for building schools, a clinic, a church in Bong County, he is married to Mrs. Serena F. Garlawolu, described as a civil rights activist and a humanitarian. Mrs. Garlawolu, a Senior Student at the Louis Author Grimes School of Law, University of Liberia, is the Consul General for South Korea in Liberia. Garlawolu is the author of two books: "The Liberian Civil War and Efforts for Peace" and "The Abandoned Child." The latter is used as literature for the 9th grade class of the Liberian School System. Garlawolu, as a Constitutional Lawyer, represented the Grand Coalition of political parties before the Supreme Court of Liberia in 1986; the Grand Coalition was founded by five political parties against the ruling party, the National Democratic Party of Liberia. Upon hearing that the Coalition had scheduled a mass Rally at the Coconut Plantation Beach of Monrovia, the Government of Liberia filed a petition for a writ of prohibition against the holding of the rally.

The Leaders of these parties were detained. Garlawolu represented them, he has represented most of the individuals and political parties seeking participation in the upcoming elections. Garlawolu at one point intended to be a presidential candidate on the ticket of the National Patriotic Party, declared that he hoped to win more than 75% of the votes in the October, 2005 presidential elections; when the list of 22 accepted presidential candidates was announced by the National Election Commission in August 2005, Garlawolu's name was not on the list. Reports suggest. Garlawolu accepted the U. S.-based company Get Informed International, Inc.'s proposal for establishing and implementing an economic development platform in Liberia as the basis for the economic aspect of his campaign and as the economic platform that would have been implemented upon his election. Garlawolu appointed Get Informed International, Inc. as his official presidential advisor in all economic issues as well as other issues in the best interests of the growth and development of Liberia.

Get Informed International's officers were involved in the U. S. branch of Garlawolu's election campaign. Get Informed International's Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer are committee managers in the Nuwaubian Trust Freedom Network, working for the release of Malachi Z. York from an American prison. Senator Garlawolu was reported as assisting in this effort. Statement by Francis Garlawolu to the World Conference on Racism, 2001

Interhelpo

The Interhelpo was an industrial cooperative of workers and farmers between 1923 and 1943, established for the special purpose of helping to build up socialism in Soviet Kyrgyzstan. It was founded in 1923 in Czechoslovakia. Trains from railway stations in the cities of Žilina and Brno transported 1078 people to Kyrgyzstan, its members made many products on the ‘green meadow’. The famous Slovak politician Alexander Dubček participated in this cooperative in his youth; the cooperative's most notable projects include: in 1925: an electric power station in 1927: a textile factory in 1928: a melting-house a furniture factory railroads, main government building in the capital of KyrgyzstanIn 1925, the Interhelpo was declared the best cooperative in the Soviet Union. At one point, it produced 20 percent of Kyrgyzstan's industrial products. In 1943, during the Second World War, the property of the Interhelpo cooperative was transferred into the hands of the state. Neutral Moresnet Site dedicated to Interhelpo

C1orf123

C1orf123 is a gene in the human genome that encodes the protein of unknown function, C1orf123. C1orf123 is a gene located in the human genome on the short arm of chromosome 1 at p32.2, between 53,679,771 base pairs and 53,686,289 base pairs. It is 6,519 bases long with 8 exons and encodes the C1orf123 protein known as UPF0587. Gene Neighborhood The following genes are close to C1orf123 on chromosome 1 -LRP8:This gene encodes a member of the low density lipoprotein receptor family, a cell surface protein that plays a role in both signal transduction and receptor-mediated endocytosis of specific ligands for lysosomal degradation.-CPT2: This gene encodes a nuclear protein, transported to the mitochondrial inner membrane.-MAGOH: Encodes protein, a component of a splicing-dependent multiprotein exon junction complex deposited at splice junction on mRNAs.-SLC1A7: Transports L-glutamate. Its associated chloride conductance may participate in visual processing; the C1orf123 protein weighs 18.0 kdal.

It has an isoelectric point of 4.73 and belongs to the domain/family DUF866 which consists of many hypothetical eukaryotic proteins of unknown function, all of them with a length around 165 residues. Aliases of the protein include FLJ20580 and UPF0587 Protein C1orf123 has many orthologs in close and distant species including primates, reptiles, invertebrates and yeast; the protein sequences are conserved throughout these species, although mRNA transcripts of the gene have only been found in primates. There are no paralogs of C1orf123; the C1orf123 protein has no transmembrane regions so is therefore not a transmembrane protein. Three post-translational modification sites have been experimentally found, including a phosphotyrosine and glycyl-lysine isopeptide. A portion of the 3' UTR of C1orf123 has 100% identity with the mRNA for Homo sapiens carnitine palmityoyltransferase 2 is a nuclear gene that encodes mitochondrial protein; this gene works with carnitine palmitoyltransferase I, the encoded protein oxidizes long-chain fatty acids in the mitochondria.

C1orf123 protein secondary structure has been found to be similar to that of MAL13P1.257 protein. C1orf123 protein is thought to have seven beta-sheet regions and one alpha helix region and according to the Phyre2 program, there is 100% confidence that the structure of 95% of the C1orf123 protein matches the hypothetical protein MAL13P1.257. The MAL13P1.257 is a hypothetical conserved plasmodium protein of unknown function Various gene expression data has shown that "C1orf123" is expressed in varying amounts within the human body. It is most expressed in nerve and pituitary glands and not expressed in other body sites such as ear, esophagus and tonsil; when health states were compared for the expression of "C1orf123" it was found that expression of the gene increased in adrenal tumors and decreased to below normal levels in kidney and lung tumors. For developmental stages, "C1orf123" is most expressed in the fetus and not at all expressed in neonates and infants. For the most part, "C1orf123" is expressed in average amounts in the human body with the exception of CD34+ and CD56+NK cells where expression is twice the amount of the average.

GEO profiles give some insight into the expression of "C1orf123" under varying conditions. Expression of the gene is seen to be absent under hypoxic conditions. GEO profiles show that expression of "C1orf123" does not change in papillary thyroid cancer or chlamydia pneumonia infection; the loss of the short arm of chromosome 1, the part of chromosome 1 that C1orf123 is located on, cause and parathyroid gland tumorigenesis resulting in hyperparathyroidism. 60 % of the tumors tested showed an alteration on the MEN1 locus or both. The conclusion of this study is that the short arm of chromosome 1 contains at least two different tumor suppressor genes involved in parathyroid tumorigenesis

Short-sea shipping

The modern terms short-sea shipping, marine highway, motorways of the sea, the more historical terms coastal trade, coastal shipping, coasting trade, coastwise trade, all encompass the movement of cargo and passengers by sea along a coast, without crossing an ocean. Short-sea shipping is the term used by the European Commission and throughout the Europe Union. Many English-speaking countries have used the British terms coasting coastwise trade; the United States maintained these term from its colonial era, including for domestic slave trade that shipped slaves by water from the Upper South to major markets New Orleans. The US and began regulating general coasting trade as early as 1793, with "An act for enrolling and licensing ships and vessels to be employed in the coasting trade and fisheries, for regulating the same", which passed Congress on 18 February that year. Over the years, it has been codified as Title 46 of the United States Code, Chapter 551, "Coastwise Trade"; some short-sea ship vessels are small enough to travel inland on inland waterways.

Short-sea shipping includes the movements of wet and dry bulk cargoes and passengers around the coast. Typical ship sizes range from 1,000 DWT to 15,000 DWT with drafts ranging from around 3 to 6 m. Typical cargoes include grain, steel, salt, scrap and oil products and passengers. In Europe, short-sea shipping is at the forefront of the European Union's transportation policy, it accounts for 40% of all freight moved in Europe. In the US, short-sea shipping has yet to be used to the extent it is in Europe, but there is some development; the main advantages promoted for this type of shipping are alleviation of congestion, decrease of air pollution, overall cost savings to the shipper and a government. Shipping goods by ship is far more efficient and cost-effective than road transport and is much less prone to theft and damage. 40% of all freight moved in Europe is classified as short-sea shipping, but the greater percentage of this cargo moves through Europe’s heartland on rivers and not oceans.

In the past decade, the term short-sea shipping has evolved in a broader sense to include point-to-point cargo movements on inland waterways as well as inland to ocean ports for shipment over oceans. The contrasting terms deep-sea shipping, intercontinental shipping, ocean shipping refer to maritime traffic that crosses oceans. Short-sea shipping is distinct from inland navigation, e.g. between two cities along a river. In Europe, the main hub of short-sea shipping is Rotterdam, the largest European port, with Antwerp as a second; the Netherlands plays an important role in this, having developed a hybrid vessel designed to navigate the sea as well as the Rhine into the Ruhrgebiet. The Dutch and Belgian main waterways locks and bridges are built accordingly; because of congestion in the larger ports, a number of smaller ports have been developed, the same goes for the Rhine-ports such as Duisburg and Dortmund in Germany. The ports of Hamburg, Le Havre are significant in this shipping. In the Netherlands the sector has seen rapid growth, aided by a tax-enabled investment scheme.

The traditional region for building "coasters" is the province of Groningen, where most wharfs have side-laying ship slides. The major trend is to have bare hulls made with cheaper labor in Poland or Romania and to finish them in the Netherlands. In Philippine law, short-sea shipping or coastwise trade is defined as the transport of either merchandise or passengers between two seaports in the Philippines Only vessels with coastwise license secured from and issued by the Maritime Industry Authority can engage in coastwise trade in the Philippines. Only vessels with certificate of Philippine registry are eligible for the license; the Philippine coastwise emblem must be hoisted at the main mast of engaged vessels when leaving or entering Philippine seaports. Cargo movements on the Great Lakes Waterway and Saint Lawrence Seaway system can be classified as short-sea shipping under this broadening of terminology; the St. Lawrence Seaway Management Corporation of Canada and its US counterpart, the St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation, have for the past several years promoted this concept under its marketing umbrella "Hwy [[H2O".

The concept is intended to use existing capacity on the 3,700-kilometer St. LawrenceGreat Lakes corridor in harmony with rail and truck modes to reduce overland congestion. Great Lakes Feeder Lines of Burlington, Canada was the first company to operate a "fit for purpose", European-built short-sea shipping vessel, named Dutch Runner, on the St. Lawrence Seaway under Canadian flag. During the winter of 2008–2009, it operated a weekly, fixed service between Halifax and St. Pierre et Miquelon, carrying roll-on/roll-off, break bulk and refrigerated goods. Crew on the ship can unload it with the two 35-tonne cranes. Another Canadian firm, Hamilton-based McKeil Marine, operates a fleet of tug-and-barge combinations. Along the St. Lawrence River, McKeil Marine transports aluminu