Singapore Polytechnic is an institution of higher learning in Singapore. It is the first polytechnic established in Singapore, it was founded on 27 October 1954 to provide studies and research in technology, science and the arts. The former campus was located at Prince Edward Road and was relocated to its present-day location at Dover next to Dover MRT Station in 1978; as an industry-oriented alternative to a broader based junior college education, polytechnic graduates in Singapore are sought after for work or many continue to complete university degrees. In contrast to polytechnics in the United States and UK, polytechnics in Singapore admit majority of its students after secondary school, after 10 years of formal education. Diplomas in a specialised area of study, for example Biomedical Science, are awarded after completing 3 or 2 years of studies. 2010 saw 150,000 th graduate. To date, over 195,000 students have graduated from Singapore Polytechnic. Singapore Polytechnic offers full-time diploma courses and a range of continuing education programmes.
It has eleven academic schools: School of Architecture and the Built Environment SP Business School School of Chemical and Life Sciences School of Computing School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering School of Life Skills and Communication School of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering School of Mathematics and Science Professional & Adult Continuing Education Academy Media and Design School Singapore Maritime Academy The Professional & Adult Continuing Education Academy or PACE Academy, is a multidisciplinary Continuing Education and Training Academy offering CET programmes for adults, both online and classroom based. Food outlets 6 foodcourts McDonald's KFC Starbucks Coffee Subway Cafe @ Moberly Long John Silver's Bang Deli Old Chang KeeRetail Outlets Campus Mart Dover Mart Popular Bookstore Sports Complex, with a full-length football pitch and running track Swimming complex 4 Tennis Courts 3 Badminton Courts 1 Gym 3 Basketball CourtsThe Sports Hub, completed in 2015 has 12 badminton courts, 2 Basketball courts, 4 Squash Courts, 1 Multipurpose Hall and 2 Volleyball Courts.
Other facilities include an external rock climbing wall and 2 rooftop Basketball Courts. Moberly is the oldest block of SP. Once a British army barracks, the building has been refurbished into a recreational hub, it contains jamming studios, karaoke rooms, a café and a mini museum. The alumni clubhouse, Singapore Polytechnic Graduates Guild, is next to the campus, contains a bowling alley, swimming pool, pool room, a gym and a restaurant. Two libraries: the Main Library and Hilltop Library; the Main Library houses the first Makerspace in a Singapore library. Aerohub: A four-storey building that houses an aircraft hangar, laboratories and a Research & Development centre. There are 4 aircraft in the hangar: Hawker HS125-700A, King Air B90, A4SU Super Skyhawk and Bell UH-1H Helicopter; the Polytechnic has been awarded the Singapore Quality Class as well as the ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 certifications. It has won the Singapore Public Service Award for Organisational Excellence and the People Developer and Family Friendly Awards.
SP received the President's Award for the Environment in 2010. Some of the key green initiatives by SP over the years included spearheading the adoption of Marina Reservoir to keep it clean and organising the Singapore International Water Festival to engage youths on environmental and water issues. In 2011, SP won Community Award; the award recognises exemplar efforts of organisations that have contributed to environmental and community sustainability in the district. SP offers the following scholarships SP Scholarship SP Engineering Scholarship SP Sports and Arts ScholarshipSingapore Polytechnic Outstanding Talent Programme SPOT is a talent development and enrichment programme. All SP Scholars will automatically be placed under this programme. Other eligible students will be invited to join SPOT based on their year 1 semester 1 academic results or lecturers' recommendation. EAE is an admissions exercise that allows students to apply and receive conditional offers for admission to polytechnic based on their aptitudes and interests before taking their O-Level exams.
This exercise replaced the Direct Polytechnic Admissions Exercise and Joint Polytechnic Special Admissions Exercise. Tanya Chua – 3-time Best Female Vocalist Golden Melody Award-winning singer-songwriter Taufik Batisah – Singapore Idol winner and singer Kelly Poon – Project SuperStar winner and Mandarin pop singer Shih Choon Fong – Former President of National University of Singapore and Founding President of King Abdullah University of Science and Technology Chai Keong Toh – Chair Professor, IEEE and IET medalist, electrical engineer, computer scientist Cedric Foo – Member of Parliament, Singapore Liang Eng Hwa – Member of Parliament, Singapore Pek Jin Shen – Hip hop artist and songwriter Sum Ting Wong - Pioneer manufacturing engineer with no prior experience, created lightning by a bar of parquet flooring Singapore Polytechnic Singapore Polytechnic Graduates' Guild Facebook Twitter Instagram YouTube Singapore Polytechnic Library
National Library Board
The National Library Board is a statutory board of the Ministry of Communications and Information, Singapore. Tasked to manage the public libraries and to lead them into the Information Age where non-print resources are making their mark, the NLB is aimed towards the creation of "borderless libraries," an initiative aimed at bringing the libraries closer to Singaporeans, to connect Singaporeans with the outside world; the National libraries of Singapore house books in all four official languages of Singapore: English, Chinese and Tamil. Other than paper books, the libraries loans CD-ROMs, DVD-ROMs, VCDs, video cassettes, audiobooks on CDs, magazines and periodicals, DVD-videos and music CDs, its flagship institution, the National Library, has moved to its new premises at Victoria Street since 22 July 2005. Although the NLB was formed on 1 September 1995 only, its history began way back in the 1820s when Sir Stamford Raffles, founder of modern Singapore, first proposed the idea of establishing a public library in the thriving colony.
This library was to evolve into the National Library of Singapore in 1960, before expanding into the suburbs with the setting up of branch libraries in the various new towns. In 1995, when the NLB took over the duties of the National Library of Singapore, it was entrusted with bringing to reality the findings of the Library 2000 Review Committee, set up in June 1992 to review the public library system; this committee, headed by Dr Tan Chin Nam, considered the role of information technology in contemporary library services for the next decade, with the aims of Establishing Singapore as an international information hub. The committee took into consideration the library needs of public library users in general, the linguistic needs of an bilingual populace, the catering to the needs of professions who require extensive information databases, the establishment of the library as a nucleus of national culture and heritage. After a year-long review, the Committee published their findings on 5 March 1994, which calls for six "strategic thrusts", which are An Adaptive Public Library System A Network of Borderless Libraries A Coordinated National Collection Strategy Quality Service Through Market Orientation Symbiotic Linkages With Business And Community A Global Knowledge ArbitrageIn addition, the report speaks of three "key enablers" to bring about these changes, which are the setting up of a new statutory board staff development, the exploiting of new technology.
The NLB was thus formed as a result of this Report. The NLB implements initiatives arising from the Report's recommendations, to help Singapore stay competitive in the global knowledge economy and become "a more gracious society"; the NLB serves Permanent residents and foreigners. Annual basic membership, free for Singapore citizens and Permanent Residents, allows borrowers to loan up to eight items at any one time, which includes a maximum of 3 AV items. A one-time non-refundable registration fee of $10.50 is charged during registration. 21 days is the loan period given for books, 14 days for magazines. If the borrower returns the book/magazine after the loan period, he or she will need to pay a fine of S$0.15 per day for books, S$0.50 for magazines. The book/magazine may be renewed for free from 1 April 2009 onwards, subject to the fact that the book/magazine is not reserved by someone else beforehand. All books/magazines can be renewed once only. For members on premium membership, they will be able to borrow up to 4 additional books, audio-visual materials and music scores.
The annual non-refundable membership fee for the Premium Membership is S$21.00. The loan period for music scores is 21 days and for 14 days. For foreigners who are interested in borrowing library materials, a non-refundable registration fee of S$10.50 as well as an annual foreign membership fee of S$42.80 is charged. This entitles them to borrow up to 4 books or magazines, 4 additional AV items; the loan period is the same as for citizens and Permanent residents. In July 2014, the NLB announced that it was pulping three children's books, And Tango Makes Three, The White Swan Express, Who's In My Family?, following a user's complaint that the books' homosexual themes did not promote family values. In protest, several poets and writers resigned from the Singapore Writers Festival and the Singapore Literature Prize, while several boycotted a panel discussion hosted by the NLB. A petition was signed by 3,800 signatories to reinstate the books or relocate the books to a different section, while another petition supporting the NLB's decision was signed by 26,000.
A group supporting the reinstating of the affected books organised an event called "Let's Read Together" at the atrium of the National Library, where members of the public could bring books of any content to read along with a penguin stuffed toy, drawing 250 people on 13 July 2014. Communications and Information Minister Yaacob Ibrahim instructed the NLB to place And Tango Makes Three and The White Swan Express in the adult section instead of pulping them; the NLB later announced that book selection and review processes would be refined. List of libraries in Singapore Asian Children's Festival Official site
Singapore the Republic of Singapore, is an island city-state in Southeast Asia. It lies one degree north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north. Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23%; the country is known for its transition from a developing to a developed one in a single generation under the leadership of its founder Lee Kuan Yew. In 1819, Sir Stamford Raffles founded colonial Singapore as a trading post of the British East India Company. After the company's collapse in 1858, the islands were ceded to the British Raj as a crown colony. During the Second World War, Singapore was occupied by Japan, it gained independence from the British Empire in 1963 by joining Malaysia along with other former British territories, but separated two years over ideological differences, becoming a sovereign nation in 1965.
After early years of turbulence and despite lacking natural resources and a hinterland, the nation developed as an Asian Tiger economy, based on external trade and its workforce. Singapore is a global hub for education, finance, human capital, logistics, technology, tourism and transport; the city ranks in numerous international rankings, has been recognised as the most "technology-ready" nation, top International-meetings city, city with "best investment potential", world's smartest city, world's safest country, second-most competitive country, third least-corrupt country, third-largest foreign exchange market, third-largest financial centre, third-largest oil refining and trading centre, fifth-most innovative country, the second-busiest container port. The Economist has ranked Singapore as the most expensive city to live in, since 2013, it is identified as a tax haven. Singapore is the only country in Asia with an AAA sovereign rating from all major rating agencies, one of 11 worldwide. Globally, the Port of Singapore and Changi Airport have held the titles of leading "Maritime Capital" and "Best Airport" for consecutive years, while Singapore Airlines is the 2018 "World's Best Airline".
Singapore ranks 9th on the UN Human Development Index with the 3rd highest GDP per capita. It is placed in key social indicators: education, life expectancy, quality of life, personal safety and housing. Although income inequality is high, 90% of homes are owner-occupied. According to the Democracy Index, the country is described as a "flawed democracy"; the city-state is home to 5.6 million residents, 39% of whom are foreign nationals, including permanent residents. There are four official languages: English, Mandarin Chinese, Tamil, its cultural diversity is reflected in major festivals. Pew Research has found. Multiracialism has been enshrined in its constitution since independence, continues to shape national policies in education, politics, among others. Singapore is a unitary parliamentary republic with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government; the People's Action Party has won every election since self-government began in 1959. As one of the five founding members of ASEAN, Singapore is the host of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Secretariat and Pacific Economic Cooperation Council Secretariat, as well as many international conferences and events.
It is a member of the East Asia Summit, Non-Aligned Movement and the Commonwealth of Nations. The English name of Singapore is an anglicisation of the native Malay name for the country, in turn derived from Sanskrit, hence the customary reference to the nation as the Lion City, its inclusion in many of the nation's symbols. However, it is unlikely that lions lived on the island. There are however other suggestions for the origin of the name and scholars do not believe that the origin of the name is established; the central island has been called Pulau Ujong as far back as the third century CE "island at the end" in Malay. Singapore is referred to as the Garden City for its tree-lined streets and greening efforts since independence, the Little Red Dot for how the island-nation is depicted on many maps of the world and Asia, as a red dot. Singapore is referred to as the "Switzerland of Asia" in 2017 due to its neutrality on international and regional issues; the Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy identified a place called Sabana in the general area in the second century, the earliest written record of Singapore occurs in a Chinese account from the third century, describing the island of Pu Luo Chung.
This was itself a transliteration from the Malay name "Pulau Ujong", or "island at the end". The Nagarakretagama, a Javanese epic poem written in 1365, referred to a settlement on the island called Tumasik. In 1299, according to the Malay Annals, the Kingdom of Singapura was founded on the island by Sang Nila Utama. Although the historicity
Leslee Udwin is a British filmmaker, director and human rights activist. She was born in Savyon, Israel, to a European Jewish family with roots in England and Lithuania. At the age of about nine she went with her family to South Africa where they spent the next ten years, her parents were religious Jews, but at the age of about thirteen, she rebelled against Judaism the morning prayer called Shacharit, in which men say, "I thank God that he did not make me a woman". While her father wanted her to be a lawyer, Udwin supported herself working in theatre and teaching while at university, she began her career as an actress at the Space Theatre in Cape Town, one of the only two integrated theatres in South Africa, playing in the Duchess of Malfi and Stephen Poliakoff’s Hitting Town. Not wishing to work in ‘whites-only’ theatres, her work possibilities in South Africa were limited, so she moved to London at age twenty-one. There she acted in plays at the Royal Court, National Theatre, Royal Shakespeare Company and Cheek By Jowl playing roles like Lady Macbeth, Isobel in The Mayor of Zalamea, Masha in Chekhov's Three Sisters, Nora in A Doll's House, etc.
On screen she appeared in the BBC Shakespeare Series production of The Merchant of Venice. In 1989 she set a legal precedent in the High Court of England against a criminal landlord Nicholas van Hoogstraten who harassed her and her fellow tenants in their rent act protected apartment block in West London, she turned her real life two and a half year battle against Hoogstraten and its victorious outcome into a drama documentary Sitting Targets for the BBC drama series Screen Two, feeling that this optimistic story should inspire as many people as possible. After ten years as an actress she wanted more: "It was an exciting career, but working as an actress was not enough for me – I began to want to choose and not just interpret the stories being told." This led her to become a producer. She started her production company, Assassin Films, in 1989, her well-known productions include the films East is East, Mrs Ratcliffe's Revolution, West is West, the documentary India's Daughter. Leslee is no stranger to successful campaigning films.
Who Bombed Birmingham? for HBO and Granada TV, directly led to the release of the ‘Birmingham Six’ after 17 years of wrongful imprisonment. The morning after the broadcast Margaret Thatcher stood up in the House of Commons, seething with rage shouting, "We will not have trial by television in this country." Her feature film East is East did much to promote tolerance and the celebration of diversity as between the Asian and British communities and has become a classic film taught in schools across Europe. Her documentary India's Daughter, has been critically acclaimed around the globe, won 32 awards and sparked a global movement to end violence against women and girls; the searing insights yielded by the 2½ year journey making India’s Daughter, led Leslee to found UK-and-US-based Not for Profit global education initiative ThinkEqual, of which she is the CEO. Leslee was voted by the NY Times the No 2 Most Impactful Woman of 2015, has been awarded the prestigious Swedish Anna Lindh Human Rights Prize in 2015.
She has been named Safe’s Global Hero of 2015, a Global Thinker by Foreign Policy. She lives in UK when not on assignments in places such as Copenhagen and India. India's Daughter was banned by the Indian government who were alerted to its'undesirable nature' by a number of Indian feminists including Indira Jaisingh, Urvashi Bhutalia, Vrinder Grover, Kavita Krishnan, Dr Devaki Jain; the BJP government accused Udwin of "a conspiracy to shame India" and wish to "decimate its tourist industry". Udwin listed statistics at the end of the documentary to draw attention to the fact that violence against women and girls is a global pandemic to which no country is immune, she has said she believes the reason for the ban is "India's current obsession with nationalism and image which makes it reluctant to look in the mirror". Media related to Leslee Udwin at Wikimedia Commons ThinkEqual Leslee Udwin on IMDb Assassin Films on IMDb