The Asian Development Bank is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966, headquartered in the Ortigas Center located in the city of Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines. The company maintains 31 field offices around the world to promote social and economic development in Asia; the bank admits the members of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific and non-regional developed countries. From 31 members at its establishment, ADB now has 68 members; the ADB was modeled on the World Bank, has a similar weighted voting system where votes are distributed in proportion with members' capital subscriptions. ADB releases an annual report that summarizes its operations and other materials for review by the public; the ADB-Japan Scholarship Program enrolls about 300 students annually in academic institutions located in 10 countries within the Region. Upon completion of their study programs, scholars are expected to contribute to the economic and social development of their home countries.
ADB is an official United Nations Observer. As of 31 December 2016, Japan holds the largest proportion of shares at 15.677% followed by United States with 15.567% capital share. China holds 6.473%, India holds 6.359%, Australia holds 5.812%. The highest policy-making body of the bank is the Board of Governors, composed of one representative from each member state; the Board of Governors, in turn, elect among themselves the twelve members of the Board of Directors and their deputies. Eight of the twelve members come from regional members while the others come from non-regional members; the Board of Governors elect the bank's president, the chairperson of the Board of Directors and manages ADB. The president has a term of office lasting five years, may be reelected. Traditionally, because Japan is one of the largest shareholders of the bank, the president has always been Japanese; the current president is Masatsugu Asakawa. He succeeded Takehiko Nakao on 17 January 2020, who succeeded Haruhiko Kuroda in 2013.
The headquarters of the bank is at 6 ADB Avenue, Metro Manila, it has 31 field offices in Asia and the Pacific and representative offices in Washington, Frankfurt and Sydney. The bank employs about 3,000 people, representing 60 of its 67 members; as from 17 January 2020, Masatsugu Asakawa was president of ADB.. As early as 1956, Japan Finance Minister Hisato Ichimada had suggested to United States Secretary of State John Foster Dulles that development projects in Southeast Asia could be supported by a new financial institution for the region. A year Japanese Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi announced that Japan intended to sponsor the establishment of a regional development fund with resources from Japan and other industrial countries, but the US did not warm to the plan and the concept was shelved. See full account in "Banking on the Future of Asia and the Pacific: 50 Years of the Asian Development Bank," July 2017; the idea came up again late in 1962 when Kaoru Ohashi, an economist from a research institute in Tokyo, visited Takeshi Watanabe a private financial consultant in Tokyo, proposed a study group to form a development bank for the Asian region.
The group met in 1963, examining various scenarios for setting up a new institution and drew on Watanabe's experiences with the World Bank. However, the idea received a cool reception from the World Bank itself and the study group became discouraged. In parallel, the concept was formally proposed at a trade conference organized by the Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East in 1963 by a young Thai economist, Paul Sithi-Amnuai.. Despite an initial mixed reaction, support for the establishment of a new bank soon grew. An expert group was convened to study the idea, with Japan invited to contribute to the group; when Watanabe was recommended, the two streams proposing a new bank—from ECAFE and Japan—came together. The US was on the fence, not opposing the idea but not ready to commit financial support, but a new bank for Asia was soon seen to fit in with a broader program of assistance to Asia planned by U. S. President Lyndon B. Johnson in the wake of the escalating US military support for the government of South Vietnam.
As a key player in the concept, Japan hoped. However, eight other cities had expressed an interest—Bangkok, Kabul, Kuala Lumpur, Phnom Penh and Tehran. To decide, the 18 prospective regional members of the new bank held three rounds of votes at a ministerial conference in Manila in November/December 1965. In the first round on 30 November, Tokyo failed to win a majority, so a second ballot was held the next day at noon. Although Japan was in the lead, it was still inconclusive. In the third poll, Tokyo gained eight votes with one abstention. Therefore, Manila was declared the host of the new development bank; the Japanese were mystified and disappointed. Watanabe wrote in his personal history of ADB: "I felt as if the child I had so reared had been taken away to a distant country." As intensive work took place during 1966 to prepare for the opening of the new bank in Manila, high on the agenda was choice of president. Japanese Prime Minister Eisaku Satō asked Watanabe to be a candidate. Although he declined, pressure came from other countries and Watanabe agreed.
In the absence of any other candidates, Watanabe wa
The 2011–12 Australia women's national goalball team, known as the Belles, is a goalball team that played in two Paralympic qualifying competitions and the 2012 Summer Paralympics. The official announcement confirming the 2011–12 team was made in May 2012; the team included Jennifer Blow, Meica Christensen, Michelle Rzepecki, Nicole Esdaile, Rachel Henderson and Tyan Taylor. Most of the players, with the exception of Christensen, were new, their first competition was the International Blind Sports Federation World Goalball Games, with the top two teams qualifying for the Summer Paralympics. While Australia finished second in its pool, it ended the tournament in sixth place following a loss to Israel, their second major competition was the ISBA Oceania-Africa Goalball Regional Championships, where they beat New Zealand in the semi-final, again in the final, to qualify for the London 2012 Paralympic Games. At the Paralympics, the Belles, in the same pool as China, Canada, the United States and Sweden, played Japan first, losing 1–3.
In their second game of pool play, they lost to Canada 1–3. They lost their last two games in pool play by 5 -- 8 to Sweden; this placed them last in the pool, they did not qualify for the finals. The team is nicknamed the Belles. Going into the competitions for qualifying for the London 2012 Paralympic Games, the Australian Paralympic Committee was thinking ahead, hoping to build a new, young team that would qualify for the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro; the series of competitions leading up to the London 2012 Paralympic Games were seen as providing valuable training and experience. The first selection process for 2011–12 took place in January 2011, at a camp, by invitation only; the final 2012 Summer Paralympics team selection announcement was made in May 2012, included Jennifer Blow, Meica Christensen, Michelle Rzepecki, Nicole Esdaile, Rachel Henderson and Tyan Taylor. This included three players from two from Queensland and one from South Australia. Christensen captained the side.
The team was coached by Georgina Kenaghan. Support staff for the London team included Section Manager Peter Corr and team physiotherapist Eliza Kwan. Christensen came into the qualifying period as the most capped player on the team, having first played for the it in 2004, but Taylor had only started playing in 2009, making her national debut at the 2010 IBSA World Championships, Blow and Henderson had only taken up the sport in 2010. Team members received varying amounts of assistance through the Australian Sports Commission's Direct Athlete Support program, with Blow and Henderson getting A$7,000; the Belles came into the 2011–12 Paralympic qualifying season having finished eighth at the 2010 IBSA Goalball World Championship. They competed in three events during 2011–12: the 2011 IBSA Goalball World Games, the 2011 IBSA Africa-Oceania Goalball Regional Championships and the 2012 Summer Paralympics. Australia's first attempt to qualify for the London Paralympics came in April 2011 at the IBSA Goalball World Games, which were held in Antalya, Turkey.
The Belles finished in sixth place, with Canada and Finland taking the two automatic qualifying spots. Playing in Pool X, Australia defeated Spain 7–1, lost to Canada 3–6 in games on 4 April; the following day, they beat Germany 8–6. On 6 April, they tied with Hungary 5–5; the following day, they beat Israel 6–5, on 8 April, beat South Korea 8–3. They finished second in their pool with 13 points, 5 points behind Canada and one point ahead of Israel. In their 9 April placement game against Russia, they lost 3–6, in their 5th to 8th placement game against Spain, they won 8–7. In the game against Israel for fifth place, they lost 6–8; the 2011 IBSA Africa-Oceania Goalball Regional Championships in Sydney were the last opportunity for the team to qualify for the London Paralympic Games. Only Australia and New Zealand were competing in the women's event, so Australia only had to play two games: a semi-final and final against the New Zealand women's national goalball team; the team included Christensen, who captained the team during the competition, Esdaile, Henderson and Rzepecki.
In the semi-final, the Belles took a 7–1 lead into the half time break, went on to win 11–4. Christensen scored 7 of Australia's goals, while Esdaile scored Taylor scored one; when the Australian women played New Zealand again in the final, they beating them a second time, by 6–2, with Christensen scoring three goals, Esdaile scoring two and Taylor scoring one. In May 2012, the team was ranked eighth in the world, a position they continued to hold going into the London Games; the Belles became the first Australian team to qualify for the Games since 1996, despite attempts to qualify for the 2004 Summer Paralympics and 2008 Summer Paralympics. At the 2012 Summer Paralympics Games in London, their pool included China, the United States, Sweden and Canada, with the United States and Chinese team reigning gold silver medallists from Goalball at the 2008 Summer Paralympics. Australia lost their first game to Japan 1–3. Esdaile scored the team's only goal. Esdaile and Christensen were the only players in the game for Australia, with 28 throws for Taylor, 30 throws for Esdaile and 38 throws for Christensen.
They lost their second game to Canada 1–3. Christensen scored the team's only goal, she and Esdaile once more played for the whole game, with Blow playing 14 minutes and Taylor playing 10 minutes. Christensen finished the game with 41 throws, Esdaile with 32, Taylor with 11 and Blow with 2. Esdaile led the te
4/C known as 701 Fourth Avenue and 4th & Columbia, is a proposed supertall skyscraper in Seattle, Washington. If built, the 1,029-foot-tall, 93-story mixed-use tower will be the tallest in Seattle, surpassing the neighboring Columbia Center, it would be the Pacific Northwest's first supertall building, with a height of over 1,000 feet. It is being developed by Miami-based Crescent Heights and designed by LMN Architects, with a total of 1.2 million square feet in gross leasable area split between 1,200 apartments, 150 hotel rooms, office space and retail. Crescent Heights bought the half-block property, home to two parking garages owned by the Costacos family, for $48.75 million in September 2015. The project was announced during the same month, standing 1,111 feet tall with 102 stories. Concerns over the proposal affecting traffic from nearby Boeing Field and Seattle–Tacoma International Airport prompted the Federal Aviation Administration to review the project, similar to concerns shared with the nearby Columbia Center when it was built in the 1980s.
On January 4, 2016, the FAA sent a "notice of presumed hazard" to Crescent Heights regarding the 102-story building and recommended reducing the height to 965 feet shorter than the Columbia Center, for a favorable determination. The FAA was concerned that the tower crane required for the skyscraper's construction would interfere with helicopter operations at nearby Harborview Medical Center, resulting in a temporary closure of the hospital's helipad; the proposal was downsized from 101 to 100 stories in February 2016, reducing the amount of residential units by 100 rooms and removing half of the proposed hotel rooms. Ahead of a design review meeting in early March, Crescent Heights scaled back its plans further, proposing a 1,029-foot skyscraper with only 93 stories to comply with the FAA's request; the adjusted height would make the building taller than the nearby Columbia Center and the U. S. Bank Tower in Los Angeles, but fall short of the Wilshire Grand Center in Los Angeles and the Salesforce Tower in San Francisco.
Crescent Heights submitted an alternative 959-foot proposal for design review, which would fall short of the Columbia Center. The tower would feature a four-floor above ground parking garage using a car elevator rather than traditional ramps; the garage would be built for future conversion to housing and office space, using level floor plates and pre-built components for electrical and climate control equipment. List of tallest buildings in Seattle List of tallest buildings in the United States
'Solosmasthana' are 16 sacred places in Sri Lanka, believed by Buddhists to have been hallowed by visits of Gautama Buddha. These places of worship are among the most important religious locations in Sri Lanka, are located throughout the country. Ancient Buddhist and historical sources of Sri Lanka assert that the Buddha visited the country on three occasions; these three visits are given in some detail in the ancient chronicle Mahavamsa, which describes his journeys to eleven of the Solosmasthana. Other sources such as the Pujavaliya and Butsarana mention these visits; the first visit was made to Mahiyangana in the ninth month after the Buddha attained enlightenment. The Mahavamsa says that he conquered the yakshas there and sent them to an island named Giri, thereby setting the background for the establishment of Buddhism in the country on, where the Buddha knew that the dharma would prevail "in all its glory"; the Buddha's second visit to Sri Lanka was made to Nagadipa in the fifth year after attaining enlightenment, where he settled a dispute between Naga kings Chulodara and Mahodara regarding a jeweled chair.
In the eighth year after enlightenment, the Buddha made his third and final visit to the country accompanied by 500 bhikkhus. This visit was to Kelaniya and was due to an invitation by a Naga king named Maniakkika, who had asked the Buddha to come to his kingdom during the previous visit. After a discourse on Dharma at Maniakkika's abode, the Mahavamsa records that the Buddha visited Samantakuta, Diva Guhava and the places where the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi, Ruwanwelisaya and Sela Cetiya now stand; the Samantapasadika mentions that the Buddha visited Muthiyangana during this visit. It is possible that the other sites may have been included in Solosmasthana because of the monumental stupas built by Buddhist kings at these locations. With the decline of the ancient kingdoms of Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa, most of the Solosmasthana were abandoned, it was not until the 20th century that all of them received the attention of the Sangha and Buddhists in the country and were renovated. A Pali gatha, praising the Solosmasthana, is in use among Buddhists.
This gatha, which lists all of the Solosmasthana, is recited when making offerings to the Buddha. Atamasthana solosmasthana Specific General
The Yusuf Hamied 1702 Chair of Chemistry is one of the senior professorships at the University of Cambridge, based in the Department of Chemistry. Founded in 1702 by the university as simply'Professor of Chemistry', it was retitled as the Professorship of Organic Chemistry in 1943, in 1991 was renamed after a benefaction from the oil company British Petroleum. In recognition of a donation from Yusuf Hamied, in 2018 the professorship was renamed the Yusuf Hamied 1702 Chair of Chemistry. Giovanni Francisco Vigani John Waller John Mickleburgh John Hadley Richard Watson Isaac Pennington William Farish Smithson Tennant James Cumming George Downing Liveing William Jackson Pope Alexander Robertus Todd Ralph Alexander Raphael Alan Rushton Battersby Steven V. Ley Matthew J. Gaunt
This is a list of people from Rotherham who have become known internationally in different roles and professions. Rotherham is a town in England. Within the West Riding of Yorkshire, Rotherham is 6 miles from Sheffield City Centre and is surrounded by several smaller settlements which together form the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, which together form part of the Sheffield urban area. Baron Ahmed, politician Dean Andrews, actor David Artell, footballer Donald Bailey, civil engineer Gordon Banks, footballer Nick Banks, musician Ian Breckin, footballer Stephen Brogan, footballer Chuckle Brothers, comedians Frank Brown, footballer Bill Burgess channel swimmer Jo Callis, musician Herbert Chapman, football manager Lucy Clarkson, model Felicia Dorothea Kate Dover, arsenic poisoner and died in Rotherham after her release from prison. Dean Downing, cyclist Russell Downing, cyclist Ebenezer Elliott, poet Peter Elliott, athlete Scott Flinders, footballer Charles Sydney Gibbes and monk Dave Godin and musicologist Paul Goodison, Olympic gold medal winning sailor Justine Greening, politician Simon Guy, cricketer William Hague, former leader of the Conservative Party Matt Hamshaw, footballer Paul Harrison, racing driver Edward Heppenstall, theologian Alan Hodgkinson, former England national football team goalkeeper Daniel Howell, research scientist Joe Hunter, cricketer Alf Lee English professional footballer Daisy Makeig-Jones, sculptor David Miedzianik, poet Laurie Millsom, footballer Simon Mottram, entrepreneur Matt Nicholls, musician Lynne Perrie, actress Gervase Phinn, author Frederick Brian Pickering, metallurgist Sandy Powell, comedian Chris Rawlinson, athlete Frazer Richardson, footballer Archbishop Thomas Rotherham and minister Colin Rowe, professor of architecture Ryan Sampson, actor Bishop Robert Sanderson and logician David Seaman, former England national football team goalkeeper Jack P. Shepherd, Coronation Street actor Paul Shane, comedian Ernie Stevenson, footballer Ben Swift, cyclist Trevor Taylor, motor racing driver Raymond Unwin, town planner Colin Walker, footballer Michael Walsh, footballer Howard Webb, football referee Liz White, actress Chris Wolstenholme, musician