Asinara is an Italian island of 52 km2 in area. The name is Italian for donkey-inhabited, but it is thought to derive from the Latin sinuaria, the census of population of 2001 lists one man. The island is located off the tip of Sardinia, and is mountainous in geography with steep. Because fresh water is scarce, trees are sparse and low scrub is the predominant vegetation, part of the national parks system of Italy, the island was recently converted to a wildlife and marine preserve. It is home to a population of wild Albino donkeys from which the island may take its name, Asinara is located at the north-western tip of Sardinia. It is a territory of 51.9 km2 with a length of 17.4 km, the highest point, at 408 m, is Punta della Scomunica. The territory is entirely state property, the island is formed by four mountainous sections linked by a narrow, flat coastal belt. The windswept west coast is steep and rocky with a deep sea bottom. The west coast turns down towards the bay of Asinara, as an extension of the larger island, Asinara is the second largest island after SantAntioco. The surface is hilly, covered by thick Mediterranean scrub and few trees, in the other parts of the island only small trees survive, mostly junipers. The island has indented coast, as seen from Cape Falcone, the west side of the island is more rocky and steep, while the east has wide, flat areas with a maximum height of 50 m. There are only three beaches, all on the eastern coast. As of 2008,107.32 km2 of the surrounding marine, from a geological point of view, the Asinara is part of the Nurra of north-western Sardinia, made up by more than 80% of metamorphic rock. The rock characterizes the island together with the woody vegetation. Among the metamorphic rocks, great interest is attached to rare black Hercynean amphibolites 950 million years old, human habitation on the island dates back to the Neolithic Age, with Domus de Janas near Campu Perdu. Carved into soft limestone, the constructions are unique to the island, because of its central position in the Mediterranean, Asinara was known and used by Phoenicians, Greeks, and Romans. The Camaldolite monastery of SantAndrea and the Castellaccio on Punta Maestra, Fornelli, the island was also an object of pirate raids by the Saracens. Later, ownership of Asinara was contested between Pisa, the Republic of Genoa, and the kingdom of Aragon, from the 17th century, shepherds from Sardinia and Liguria colonized the island
A map showing the location of Asinara island
Cala d'Oliva, first village at the time of the prison.