Assembly (Theatre of Tragedy album)
Assembly is the fifth studio album by the Norwegian metal band Theatre of Tragedy, released in 2002. It continued the group's move from gothic to a more pop style of music; this style was described as similar to "Siouxsie and the Banshees jamming with Ace of Base". Assembly was the last Theatre of Tragedy album featuring the vocals of Liv Kristine. According to Kristine the band fired her by email. While Musique themes mentioned radios and nightlife, the songs on Assembly focus more on people than technology, such as in "Play" and "Let You Down"; the album's modern setting is still emphasised by "Automatic Lover", which refers to modern nightlife, "Universal Race", which uses space travel as a metaphor for sexual intercourse. A limited edition of the album contains the cover of "You Keep Me Hangin' On" as bonus track; the song was a hit by The Supremes and was made famous by Vanilla Fudge and Kim Wilde. The cover art was designed by Thomas Ewerhard, who made the covers for the next two albums by the band and Forever Is the World.
Metal Mind Productions reissued the album on 27 July 2009. The album has been digitally remastered using 24-bit process on a golden disc and includes three bonus tracks, "You Keep Me Hangin' On", "Let You Down" and "Motion"; the album is limited to 2,000 copies. All songs written and composed by Theatre of Tragedy, except for "You Keep Me Hanging On" by Holland–Dozier–Holland. Raymond I. Rohonyi - vocals, programming Liv Kristine Espenæs - vocals Frank Claussen - guitars Vegard K. Thorsen - guitars Lorentz Aspen - keyboards Hein Frode Hansen - drums Hiili Hiilesmaa - producer, mixing at Finnvox Studios Jukka Puurula - engineer Mika Jussila - mastering Two singles were released from this record. "Envision" was released in 2002. As well as the title track the disc featured the Conetik Remix, the album version of "Superdrive", The Supremes cover "You Keep Me Hangin' On". "Let You Down" was released in 2002. This disc contains a Rico Darum & Superdead remix of "Let You Down"
The Assembly demoparty is a demoscene and gaming event in Finland. The main organizers of the event are Jussi Laakkonen; the Summer event takes place every year between late July and early August, lasts three to four days, the Winter event is held in January or February. The most recent Assembly was held from 3 to 6 August 2018 at Messukeskus in Helsinki. Assembly Winter was announced in early 2007; the winter party is a more gaming oriented LAN party type event where as the summer events continues the traditions of the original demoparty under the name Assembly Summer. Both parties are held once a year; the first Assembly was held from July 24 to July 1992, in Kauniainen. It was organized by the Amiga demo groups Complex and Rebels, the PC demo group Future Crew; the staff grew into a large non-profit group of individuals known as Assembly Organizing. Through the 1990s, Assembly grew so large that exposition halls no longer sufficed, only the largest of sports arenas met the partygoers' needs. In 1999 they rented the largest sports arena in the country, Hartwall Areena in Helsinki, with over 5000 visitors and 3500 computers on the ice rink.
The 2004 edition of the party set up a record: in July 2004, QuakeCon announced it was holding the world's first Doom 3 competitions on the event starting on August 12–14 a week after the game's release on August 3. Assembly, managed to snatch the first place after acquiring copies of the game via FedEx with the help of some contacts in the United States and holding the competition during August 5–8; as of 2017 the party has been held for 25 consecutive years. Since the year 1995 an event called, it is unrelated to Assembly but serves as a meeting point for Assembly attendees as well as for other computer hobbyists and their friends. In Boozembly it is possible to use intoxicants, not allowed in Assembly. IT corporations started to sponsor free beer for Boozembly. Like Assembly, Boozembly itself has become an important part of Finnish demoscene culture; the party includes multiple competitions, or compos including but not limited to: Demo Oldskool demo 64k intro 4k intro 1k intro Dance music Listening music Fast Music Fast graphics Short film Real Wild demo Photo Video game developing compoFor the first eight years of Assembly, the demo and intro competitions were split into separate PC and Amiga categories.
Starting in 2000, the platforms have been combined, with PC, Amiga and high-end consoles competing in the same demo and intro competitions. Commodore 64 competitions were replaced with "oldskool" competitions that allow entries for some other old platforms, such as various 8-bit systems and older Amigas. Entries are rated by judges. All demos which are deemed to be of a high enough standard are shown on a big screen. Entries which break the competition rules are disqualified. People who are present at the arena vote for the entries, the results are published on the Assembly website; the entries are made available by the artists at scene.org or on the artists own website. Assembly's demo competitions hold a high level for a party, not specific to the demoscene. Notable winners include Lifeforce by ASD, Panic Room by Fairlight and Frameranger by Fairlight, CNCD and Orange. In recent years, Assembly has broadcast content from its in-house media effort AssemblyTV to local and national TV networks, as well as producing web streams for people to watch live over the internet — spots for hundreds, if not thousands of viewers are catered for and these streams have been watched all over the world, not just in Finland.
In addition to the opening and closing ceremonies, the competitions and party reports, the educational sessions that are being held during the party are broadcast via AssemblyTV as well. ARTtech seminars are free to attend educational seminar sessions that are being held during the party at the venue location; the sessions cover various subjects that are related to the main party theme and idea, including sessions about programming, graphic design, music composition, game development, hardware hacks, scene history and more. Assembly.org — Official website Assemblytv.net — Official media Assembly 2006 — MBnet The Official Ezine of Assembly 2006. Assembly on Pouët The ARTS Radio contains an interview with the primary organizer of Assembly, Abyss of Future Crew
Assembly is a rapid transit station in Somerville, Massachusetts. It serves the MBTA's Orange Line, it is an infill station, located on a section of the Orange Line, active since 1975. The station, which opened on September 2, 2014, was the first new station on the MBTA subway system since 1987. Assembly station is meant to provide convenient access to Assembly Square - a major retail and residential development located on the site of a former Ford assembly plant - and the adjacent Assembly Square Marketplace; the Assembly Square project is estimated to generate 45,000 new vehicle trips each day, the station was intended to reduce the number that use private automobiles by diverting travelers to mass transit. Ridership is projected to reach 5,000 riders per day in 2030. Assembly station is in the rear of the Assembly Square development, on the existing Orange Line tracks near the Mystic River; the station consists of a single island platform 410 feet long, to handle up to 6 railcars on each side.
Unlike Community College and Wellington, Assembly does not have a second island platform to serve the third track, intended to be an express track. The station has one on each end of the platform. Two footbridges, one from each headhouse, cross over the inbound track and connect to parking on G Street; the station is accessible and includes bicycle storage facilities. Several public art elements are incorporated into the station; these include artistic benches and a metal panel mosaic on the station façade and MBTA-designed panels about the site's history. Adding a commuter rail station at Assembly Square was listed as a possibility in 2012 as an interim air quality mitigation measure in response to delays building the Green Line Extension However, such a station could not be completed by 2015, the project was not supported by MassDOT; the station would have required building separate platforms for the Haverhill Line and the Newburyport/Rockport Line, which split near the station site. Construction was estimated to cost up to $57 million, of which $22 million was from the state's Executive Office of Housing and Economic Development.
The remaining cost was divided between federal funding including the FTA Section 5309 New Starts program and the developer of Assembly Square, Federal Realty Investment Trust. The area around the station hosted a Ford automobile assembly plant, which used the adjacent Haverhill Line for rail access. Although the plant is long gone, the Assembly Square name is a reference to the site's history. On February 8, 2011, the MBTA board unanimously approved a memorandum of understanding between the MBTA and FRIT, which defined the funding sources for the project; the memorandum was a "critical milestone," according to a FRIT executive. Somerville approved the project on May 2, 2011, two days the MBTA opened bidding for construction, planned to start at the end of 2011. On October 5, 2011, the MBTA announced the award of a $29,229,184 construction contract to S&R Construction Co. Inc. with construction beginning that fall. The work required 18 weekend closures of the Orange Line from Sullivan to Oak Grove.
The first weekend closures began in June 2012 and continued past the station opening into late 2014. The closures were extended to five nights per week for the second half of 2012, continued sporadically into 2013 and 2014. For construction, the MBTA shifted outbound trains to the unused express track and inbound trains to the outbound track, to give construction crews full access to the site. In January 2013, the MBTA began constructing concrete pillars to support the platform and headhouses. Construction of the headhouse frames began in June 2013, the platform segments were laid in July; the headhouses were completed in June 2014, with work remaining on other parts of the station. Inbound trains switched back to the normal inbound track on July 1, 2014; the station opened to passengers on September 2, 2014, although some final construction work lasted until November. On the first day of operations, the station platform flooded from a rainstorm. Partners Healthcare, building its headquarters next to the south end of the station, is funding the completion of the south headhouse as a full-time entrance and exit.
It will open in 2016. Sullivan Square to the south and Wellington to the north are both major MBTA Bus terminals, so Assembly was not designed as a bus transfer station. No routes stop directly at the station.
A school assembly is a gathering of all or part of a school for any variety of purposes, such as special programs or communicating information on a daily or weekly basis. In some schools, students gather to perform a common song or prayer, to receive common announcements. A routine attendance check may be done in such gatherings. At larger schools, these morning rituals may be substituted by smaller classroom assemblies and announcements broadcast over a public address system. Periodic school assemblies are a forum for special presenters of educational, health, or safety materials, or for school plays, talent shows, etc; the act of morning assembly is not new in gurukula. All the students were used to gather and discuss the daily routine in those assemblies. An act of collective gathering and worship is decided to make a part of the assembly in England and it became a legal requirement in schools after it. A usual school assembly includes a prayer, news headline discussions from students, student talk and other important discussions.
However, it depends on the institution management. This activity is more popular in Indian continent. However, the trend is growing in other parts of the world. Nowadays and meditation are becoming a part of school assemblies. Due to the number of students in a typical Chinese school, assemblies are held outdoors, it is common for the head of the school to address the entire student body for nearly an hour at the beginning of a school week or month. Pre-work assembly Media related to School assemblies at Wikimedia Commons
Assembly modeling is a technology and method used by computer-aided design and product visualization computer software systems to handle multiple files that represent components within a product. The components within an assembly are represented as solid or surface models; the designer has access to models that others are working on concurrently. For example, several people may be designing one machine. New parts are added to an assembly model; each designer has access to the assembly model, while a work in progress, while working in their own parts. The design evolution is visible to everyone involved. Depending on the system, it might be necessary for the users to acquire the latest versions saved of each individual components to update the assembly; the individual data files describing the 3D geometry of individual components are assembled together through a number of sub-assembly levels to create an assembly describing the whole product. All CAD and CPD systems support this form of bottom-up construction.
Some systems, via associative copying of geometry between components allow top-down method of design. Components can be positioned within the product assembly using absolute coordinate placement methods or by means of mating conditions. Mating conditions are definitions of the relative position of components between each other; the final position of all components based on these relationships is calculated using a geometry constraint engine built into the CAD or visualization package. The importance of assembly modeling in achieving the full benefits of PLM has led to ongoing advances in this technology; these include the use of lightweight data structures such as JT that allow visualization of and interaction with large amounts of product data, direct interface to between Digital Mock ups and PDM systems and active digital mock up technology that unites the ability to visualize the assembly mock up with the ability to measure, simulate and redesign
Freedom of assembly
Freedom of peaceful assembly, sometimes used interchangeably with the freedom of association, is the individual right or ability of people to come together and collectively express, promote and defend their collective or shared ideas. The right to freedom of association is recognized as a human right, a political right and a civil liberty; the terms freedom of assembly and freedom of association may be used to distinguish between the freedom to assemble in public places and the freedom to join an association. Freedom of assembly is used in the context of the right to protest, while freedom of association is used in the context of labor rights and in the Constitution of the United States is interpreted to mean both the freedom to assemble and the freedom to join an association; the United States Constitution explicitly provides for'the right of the people peaceably to assemble, to petition the Government for a redress of grievances' in the First Amendment. The freedom of assembly is written about in the following human rights instruments: Universal Declaration of Human Rights – Article 20 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights – Article 21 European Convention on Human Rights – Article 11 American Convention on Human Rights – Article 15Examples of the national and regional constitutions recognizing the freedom of assembly are: Bangladesh – Articles 37 and 38 of the Constitution of Bangladesh guarantee the freedom of association and assembly.
Brazil – Article 5 Canada – S. 2 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms which forms part of the Constitution Act, 1982 France – Article 431-1 of the Nouveau Code Pènal Germany – Article 8 GG Hong Kong – Basic Law Section 27 Hungary – Article VIII of the Fundamental Law India – Fundamental Rights in India Ireland - Article 40.6.1° of the Constitution, as enumerated under the heading "Fundamental Rights" Italy – Article 17 of the Constitution Japan – Article 21 Macau Basic Law Article 27 Constitution of the Philippines Article III, Section 4 Republic of Ireland – Guaranteed by Article 40.6.1 of the Constitution of Ireland South Africa Bill of Rights – Article 17 Spain – Article 21 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978 Turkey – Articles 33 and 34 of the Constitution of Turkey guarantee the freedom of association and assembly. Taiwan – Article 14 guarantees freedom of assembly and association. United States – First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States Malaysia – Article 10 of the Constitution of Malaysia New Zealand – section 16 New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990 Russia – Articles 30 and 31 of the Constitution of Russia guarantee the freedom of association and peaceful assembly.
Free speech zone Right to protest Strategy-31 Unlawful assembly United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association Guidelines on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly OSCE/ODIHR, 2007 Guidelines on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly Venice Commission and OSCE/ODIHR, 2010
Assembly of Experts
The Assembly of Experts —also translated as the Assembly of Experts of the Leadership or as the Council of Experts— is the deliberative body empowered to designate and dismiss the Supreme Leader of Iran. However all directly-elected members after the vetting process by the Guardian Council still have to be approved by the Supreme Leader of Iran before gaining membership to the Assembly of Experts. All candidates to the Assembly of Experts must be approved by the Guardian Council whose members are, in turn, appointed either directly or indirectly by the Supreme Leader; the Assembly consists of eighty eight Mujtahids that are elected from lists of vetted candidates by direct public vote for eight-year terms. The number of members has ranged from 82 elected in 1982 to 88 elected in 2016. Current laws require the assembly to meet for at least two days every six months; the current chairman of the Fifth Assembly is Ahmad Jannati. The Assembly has never questioned the Supreme Leader. Due to Ali Khamenei's longtime unchallenged rule, many believe the Assembly of Experts has become a ceremonial body without any real power.
Iran's Chief Justice Sadeq Larijani, a Khamenei appointee, stated that it is illegal for the Assembly of Experts to supervise Khamenei. There have been instances when the current Supreme Leader publicly criticized members of the Assembly of Experts, resulting in their arrest and dismissal. For example, Khamenei publicly called member of the Assembly of Experts Ahmad Azari Qomi a traitor, resulting in Qomi's arrest and eventual dismissal from the Assembly of Experts. Another instance is when Khamenei indirectly called the late Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani a traitor for a statement he made resulting Rafsanjani to retract it. Mehdi Karroubi, under house arrest since 2011 without trial, by the direct order of Khamenei, said that "the Assembly of Experts, a council of elected clerics charged with electing and disqualifying the Supreme Leader, has turned into a ceremonial council that only praises the Leader.” The members of this assembly are jurists, not theologians. This is a important difference. According to the Iranian Constitution, the assembly is in charge of supervising and electing the Supreme Leader.
In the event of his death, resignation or dismissal, the Experts shall take steps within the shortest possible time to appoint a new Leader. "Whenever the Leader becomes incapable of fulfilling his constitutional duties, or loses one of the qualifications mentioned in the Constitution, or it becomes known that he did not possess some of the qualifications he will be dismissed." The assembly has never dismissed a sitting Supreme Leader, as all of their meetings and notes are confidential, the assembly has never been known to challenge or otherwise publicly oversee any of the Supreme Leader's decisions. To choose the Supreme Leader, the Experts are to review qualified candidates and consult among themselves. Constitutionally the criteria of qualification for the office of the Supreme Leader include "Islamic scholarship, piety, right political and social perspicacity, courage, administrative facilities and adequate capability for leadership." In the event that they find one of the jurists better versed in Islamic regulations, in fiqh, or in political and social issues, or possessing more general popularity or special prominence than any of their members, they shall elect that person as Supreme Leader.
Otherwise, in the absence of such a candidate, the Experts shall elect and declare one of their own as Supreme Leader. Iranian constitutional referendum, 1989 removed the requirement for the leader to be a marja, as Ali Khamenei was not a marja at that time; the assembly gathers every six months. Activities of the assembly include compiling a list of those eligible to become Supreme Leader in the event of the current Supreme Leader's death, resignation, or dismissal; this is done by the 107/109 commission. Monitoring the current leader to make sure he continues to meet all the criteria listed in the constitution is done by the 111 commission. Members of the Assembly report to this commission about the issues concerning the current Supreme Leader, the commission can order an emergency meeting of the Assembly. If the commission denies this, the members can ask the entire plenary of the Assembly for a vote, if most of the members vote in favor, an emergency meeting will be scheduled to discuss the current Supreme Leader.
The meetings, meeting notes, reports of the Assembly are confidential and not made available to anyone outside the assembly, except for the sitting Supreme Leader. The constitution does not specify requirements for candidacy for the Assembly of Experts, leaving the Assembly itself to put limits on who may run for membership; the assembly has passed laws to require all its members be experts in fiqh, authorizing the Guardian Council to vet candidates for ijtihad proficiency using written and oral examinations. This law was challenged by the reformists, their 2006 election campaign included changing this law to allow non-clerics into the assembly, reforming the law that allows Guardian Council to vet candidates. Women are theoretically eligible to run for the Assembly of Experts and in 1998 nine women submitted their candidacy; the Guardian Council rejected them. The average age of the members of the Assembly is over 60 years, which results in many mid-term elections due to deaths and resignations.
The members must be Ayatollahs. The first elections for the Assembly of Experts of the Leadership were held in December 1982 and the Assembl