Frances Ann "Fran" Ulmer is an American administrator and Democratic politician from the U. S. state of Alaska. She served as lieutenant governor of Alaska from 1994 to 2002 under Governor Tony Knowles, becoming the first female elected to statewide office in Alaska, she served as the Chancellor of the University of Alaska Anchorage. Frances Ann "Fran" Ulmer was born in Madison and grew up in Horicon, Wisconsin, her parents owned the only funeral home in the area. Her education included a bachelor's degree with a double major in economics and political science from the University of Wisconsin–Madison and a juris doctor from the University of Wisconsin Law School. In 2018, Fran was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from the University of Alaska Anchorage. In 1977, she married attorney Bill Council, they had two children. They were married until his death in 2013. Ulmer first began working in Alaska in 1973 as a staffer for Representative Helen Beirne during hearings about health care delivery in Kotzebue.
Ulmer worked as a legislative assistant for Jay Hammond, the Republican governor of Alaska from 1975 through 1981. She served as mayor of Juneau from 1983 to 1985 and was in the Alaska House of Representatives from 1987 to 1994 as a Democrat. From 1993 to 1994 she served as the house minority leader. In 1994 she won the open primary for the nomination for lieutenant governor, she was elected to two four-year terms on the Democratic ticket, along with Governor Tony Knowles. In 2002, she won the nomination of the Democratic party for the office of governor, she lost the election to the Republican candidate, U. S. Senator Frank Murkowski. In 2004, she accepted a teaching job at the University of Anchorage, she served as the Director of the Institute of Economic and Social Research at UAA. In March 2007, University of Alaska system President Mark R. Hamilton appointed Ulmer interim chancellor for the University of Alaska Anchorage. In April 2008, she accepted the position of chancellor on a permanent basis.
As chancellor, she was responsible for governing UAA and its eight satellite facilities in Southcentral Alaska. On January 22, 2010, she announced her intent to resign from the Chancellor's position at UAA, effective 2011. In June 2010, President Barack Obama appointed Ulmer to the seven-member National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling; the commission was charged with investigating the causes of the explosion and oil spill, recommending changes to prevent future disasters. Ulmer served on this commission until June 2011, she served on the boards of the Alaska Nature Conservancy, the CIRI Foundation, Commonwealth North, the National Parks Conservation Association, the Union of Concerned Scientists. In July 2014, Ulmer was appointed a special advisor to John Kerry, the U. S. Secretary of State, on arctic issues, she endorsed the building of more icebreakers to allow the United States Coast Guard to better research the arctic. List of female lieutenant governors in the United States Fran Ulmer at 100 Years of Alaska's Legislature Appearances on C-SPAN
Dennis William Egan is a Democratic member of the Alaska Senate. He has represented Juneau, he served as the Mayor of Juneau from February 13, 1995, to October 3, 2000, was a member of the local assembly prior to that. Egan was born in Juneau, Territory of Alaska on March 3, 1947, he is the son of Bill Egan, a politician active in Alaska Territory who would go on to service as the state's first and fourth governor, Neva Egan, who served as First Lady of Alaska during her husband’s time as governor. He lived in Washington, D. C. while his father lobbied for full Alaskan statehood. At the age of eleven he appeared on I've Got a Secret when Alaska entered the Union in 1959. During high school and after broadcast engineer training, he worked at KINY in the 1960s. In 1967, Egan graduated from radio operation engineering school, he served in the Alaska Army National Guard 910th Engineer Company from 1967-1974. He worked on the construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System as an employee of Caterpillar Inc..
He worked in various positions for the State of Alaska government. In 1980, he began to host Problem Corner, a Juneau-area call-in show on KINY, he would continue to host the show until January 2010. He was the manager of Alaska-Juneau Communications, Inc. which owns the Juneau-area radio stations KINY and KSUP. Dennis's first attempt at politics happened in the 1980s, when he ran a primary election bid for a seat in the Alaska House of Representatives. On the suggestion of friends, Egan ran for the Assembly of the City and Borough of Juneau in 1989, he won and served nearly two full three-year terms in the Assembly from October 3, 1989, to February 13, 1995. Egan was deputy mayor of Juneau in 1995, he was appointed mayor when Byron Mallott resigned in order to become executive director of the Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation. Dennis Egan won reelection in 1995 and 1997; the 1997 race was a landslide victory for Egan. His opponent, Cory Mann, was a "newcomer to politics", according to the Juneau Empire, had not filed for election until October 2, five days before the vote was held.
An effective mayor, Egan helped mediation efforts to end an August 1997 Alaska Native Brotherhood boycott of the 51st Golden North Salmon Derby.. Bob Tkacz of the Anchorage Press had an unfavorable view of the Empire's support of the Derby and Egan's efforts to end the boycott. In September 1997 Egan helped keep 200 United States Forest Service jobs from being moved from Juneau to Ketchikan. Egan declined to run for re-election in 2000, he was succeeded by Sally Smith. In April 2009, Kim Elton resigned his seat in the Alaska Senate to accept presidential appointment as Director of Alaska Affairs at the U. S. Department of the Interior. Governor Sarah Palin chose to appoint Tim Grussendorf, Chief of Staff to Senator Lyman Hoffman, to the seat over State Representative Beth Kerttula, the preferred choice of local Democratic Party. In April 2009, Egan was appointed to the Alaska Senate by Governor Sarah Palin to replace Kim Elton, who resigned in March 2009. Subsequently, the Democratic caucus in the Senate refused to confirm Grussendorf and subsequently two other Palin nominees.
Egan was appointed as a compromise candidate and confirmed by the Senate Democrats with support from Beth Kerttula, Cathy Muñoz, Bruce Botelho and the Juneau Democrats. In the 2010 election, Egan ran against token write-in opposition, winning a full term with 96% of the vote. In the 2014 general election, he defeated Republican Tom Williams. Egan joined the Republican-led Senate majority in the 28th Senate, from 2013 to 2014, earning the chairmanship of the Transportation Committee, he continued to vote with Democrats on several major bills, including Governor Sean Parnell's oil tax initiative in 2013, was not invited to an organizational meeting for the majority caucus after the 2014 election. In the 29th Senate, which began in 2015, he is a member of the Democratic minority caucus. Biography and Legislative Information at Alaska Legislature Dennis Egan at 100 Years of Alaska's Legislature Profile at Vote Smart
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Independence Day (United States)
Independence Day is a federal holiday in the United States commemorating the Declaration of Independence of the United States on July 4, 1776. The Continental Congress declared that the thirteen American colonies were no longer subject to the monarch of Britain and were now united and independent states; the Congress had voted to declare independence two days earlier, on July 2, but it was not declared until July 4. Independence Day is associated with fireworks, barbecues, fairs, concerts, baseball games, family reunions, political speeches and ceremonies, in addition to various other public and private events celebrating the history and traditions of the United States. Independence Day is the National Day of the United States. During the American Revolution, the legal separation of the Thirteen Colonies from Great Britain in 1776 occurred on July 2, when the Second Continental Congress voted to approve a resolution of independence, proposed in June by Richard Henry Lee of Virginia declaring the United States independent from Great Britain's rule.
After voting for independence, Congress turned its attention to the Declaration of Independence, a statement explaining this decision, prepared by a Committee of Five, with Thomas Jefferson as its principal author. Congress debated and revised the wording of the Declaration approving it two days on July 4. A day earlier, John Adams had written to his wife Abigail: The second day of July, 1776, will be the most memorable epoch in the history of America. I am apt to believe that it will be celebrated by succeeding generations as the great anniversary festival, it ought to be commemorated by solemn acts of devotion to God Almighty. It ought to be solemnized with pomp and parade, with shows, sports, bells and illuminations, from one end of this continent to the other, from this time forward forever more. Adams's prediction was off by two days. From the outset, Americans celebrated independence on July 4, the date shown on the much-publicized Declaration of Independence, rather than on July 2, the date the resolution of independence was approved in a closed session of Congress.
Historians have long disputed whether members of Congress signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4 though Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin all wrote that they had signed it on that day. Most historians have concluded that the Declaration was signed nearly a month after its adoption, on August 2, 1776, not on July 4 as is believed. Coincidentally, both John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, the only signers of the Declaration of Independence to serve as Presidents of the United States, died on the same day: July 4, 1826, the 50th anniversary of the Declaration. Although not a signer of the Declaration of Independence, James Monroe, another Founding Father, elected as President died on July 4, 1831, he was the third President. Calvin Coolidge, the 30th President, was born on July 4, 1872. S. President to have been born on Independence Day. In 1777, thirteen gunshots were fired in salute, once at morning and once again as evening fell, on July 4 in Bristol, Rhode Island. An article in July 18, 1777 issue of The Virginia Gazette noted a celebration in Philadelphia in a manner a modern American would find familiar: an official dinner for the Continental Congress, toasts, 13-gun salutes, prayers, parades, troop reviews, fireworks.
Ships in port were decked with red and blue bunting. In 1778, from his headquarters at Ross Hall, near New Brunswick, New Jersey, General George Washington marked July 4 with a double ration of rum for his soldiers and an artillery salute. Across the Atlantic Ocean, ambassadors John Adams and Benjamin Franklin held a dinner for their fellow Americans in Paris, France. In 1779, July 4 fell on a Sunday; the holiday was celebrated on Monday, July 5. In 1781, the Massachusetts General Court became the first state legislature to recognize July 4 as a state celebration. In 1783, North Carolina held a celebration with a challenging music program assembled by Johann Friedrich Peter entitled The Psalm of Joy; the town claims to be the first public July 4 event, as it was documented by the Moravian Church, there are no government records of any earlier celebrations. In 1870, the U. S. Congress made Independence Day an unpaid holiday for federal employees. In 1938, Congress changed Independence Day to a paid federal holiday.
Independence Day is a national holiday marked by patriotic displays. Similar to other summer-themed events, Independence Day celebrations take place outdoors. According to 5 U. S. C. § 6103, Independence Day is a federal holiday, so all non-essential federal institutions are closed on that day. Many politicians make it a point on this day to appear at a public event to praise the nation's heritage, history and people. Families celebrate Independence Day by hosting or attending a picnic or barbecue. Decorations are colored red and blue, the colors of the American flag. Parades are held in the morning, before family get-togethers, while fireworks displays occur in the evening after dark at such places as parks, fairgrounds, or town squares; the night before the Fourth was once the focal point of celebrations, marked by raucous gatherings incorporating bonfires as their centerpiece. In New E
Douglas is a community on Douglas Island in southeastern Alaska, directly across the Gastineau Channel from downtown Juneau. The only traditional school left on Douglas is Gastineau Elementary, which serves all the Douglas Island elementary-aged students. Douglas has a few restaurants and bars, a local live theater, a gas station; the town’s population has dropped over the years but is up to about 3,000 people, or close to ten percent of the City and Borough of Juneau’s population. Douglas gets its water and electricity from Juneau and has a mix of onsite and municipal wastewater treatment; the Alaska Department of Corrections has its headquarters in Douglas. Douglas Island was a border of the Auke people’s and Taku people’s territory, it was not used for year-round settlement, but rather as a place to spend the summer, or at times a place for battles. Some historical reports indicate an early settler to the area may be credited for the naming of Douglas Island. In 1880 gold was discovered in Juneau, across the narrow Gastineau Channel, drawing in all kinds of people looking to strike it rich.
In 1881 two towns sprouted up on Douglas Island: Douglas. Treadwell was the community for the miners, with its own entertainment and bar. Douglas, had businesses popping up and soon had its own school and post office. A railroad and boardwalk connected the two towns. At this time the Treadwell power plant was large enough to power the entire Treadwell area and Juneau; the power plant continued to serve the Alaska-Juneau Gold Mine until the mine was shut down in 1944 by the War Department as non-essential to the war effort. In 1902, the city of Douglas was incorporated; the town sustained significant damage on March 1911 when a fire started in the Douglas Grill. It took the Douglas and Juneau fire departments working together to stop the entire town from being destroyed; the towns of Douglas and Treadwell underwent changes after the 1917 cave-in of the Treadwell mine. While one section still operated until 1926, Treadwell shrank and Douglas became the town of Douglas Island. Douglas continued to have its own dairy until 1923.
At this time, there was a regular ferry between the towns of Douglas. In 1935, the Douglas Bridge was opened and made transportation between the island and Juneau simpler. On February 23, 1937, the city of Douglas again experienced a devastating fire, with 600 of the 700 residents losing their homes. However, Douglas restarted. On March 8, 1955 the city voted to combine schools with the city of Juneau, resulting in the construction of Juneau-Douglas High School, which continues to serve the area's students. In a controversial moment in 1970, voters in the cities of Douglas and Juneau, of the surrounding Greater Juneau Borough, elected to unify their respective governments, forming the present-day City and Borough of Juneau. Douglas first appeared on the 1890 U. S. Census as "Douglas City." Despite its name, it was still an unincorporated community. It appeared as Douglas in 1900 and formally incorporated in 1902. In 1970, voters in the city of Douglas and Juneau Division approved a merger with the city and borough of Juneau.
In 1890, Douglas was the 11th largest community in Alaska with 402 residents. Of those, 356 were White, 26 were Native, 17 were Creole, 2 were Asian and 1 was Other. In 1900, Douglas was the 7th largest community in Alaska with 825 residents, it did not report a racial breakdown. In 1910, Douglas was the 3rd largest city in Alaska with 1,722 residents, it reported 346 Natives and 32 others. Had all three locales been unified as they are today, they would've been the most populous locale that year with 4,588 residents, exceeding Fairbanks as the largest city. In 1920, Douglas fell to 7th place. Douglas Harbor List of mayors of Juneau, Alaska § Mayors of the City of Douglas, Alaska Mayflower School Perseverance Theatre "Douglas, AK Town Fire, Feb 1937 | GenDisasters... Genealogy in Tragedy, Fires, Floods"..gendisasters.com. Retrieved 2011-12-16. "Alaska's Digital Archives: Item Viewer". Vilda.alaska.edu. Retrieved 2011-12-16. "Douglas, AK Fire, Mar 1911 | GenDisasters... Genealogy in Tragedy, Fires, Floods"..gendisasters.com.
Retrieved 2011-12-16. "Photo: Douglas 70 years ago | Juneau Empire - Alaska's Capital City Online Newspaper". Juneau Empire. 2003-11-28. Retrieved 2011-12-16. "Douglas construction inconveniences some locals | Juneau Empire - Alaska's Capital City Online Newspaper". Juneau Empire. 2004-06-01. Retrieved 2011-12-16. "Douglas Dynasty | Juneau Empire - Alaska's Capital City Online Newspaper". Juneau Empire. 2003-03-11. Retrieved 2011-12-16. "Treadwell Mine trail gives glimpse of history | Juneau Empire - Alaska's Capital City Online Newspaper". Juneau Empire. 2002-06-23. Retrieved 2011-12-16. "Local author writes novella on Juneau mining history | Juneau Empire - Alaska's Capital City Online Newspaper". Juneau Empire. 2009-08-13. Retrieved 2011-12-16
A sales tax is a tax paid to a governing body for the sales of certain goods and services. Laws allow the seller to collect funds for the tax from the consumer at the point of purchase; when a tax on goods or services is paid to a governing body directly by a consumer, it is called a use tax. Laws provide for the exemption of certain goods or services from sales and use tax. Conventional or retail sales tax is levied on the sale of a good to its final end user and is charged every time that item is sold retail. Sales to businesses that resell the goods are not charged the tax. A purchaser not an end user is issued a "resale certificate" by the taxing authority and required to provide the certificate to a seller at the point of purchase, along with a statement that the item is for resale; the tax is otherwise charged on each item sold to purchasers without such a certificate and who are under the jurisdiction of the taxing authority. Other types of sales taxes, or similar taxes Manufacturers' sales tax, a tax on sales of tangible personal property by manufacturers and producers.
Wholesale sales tax, a tax on sales of wholesale of tangible personal property when in a form packaged and labeled ready for shipment or delivery to final users and consumers. Retail sales tax, a tax on sales of retail of tangible personal property to final consumers and industrial users. Gross receipts levied on all sales of a business, they have been criticized for their "cascading" or "pyramiding" effect, in which an item is taxed more than once as it makes its way from production to final retail sale. Excise taxes, applied to a narrow range of products, such as gasoline or alcohol imposed on the producer or wholesaler rather than on the retail seller. Use tax, imposed directly on the consumer of goods purchased without sales tax items purchased from a vendor not under the jurisdiction of the taxing authority. Use taxes are imposed by states with a sales tax but are enforced only for large items such as automobiles and boats. Securities turnover excise tax, a tax on the trade of securities.
Value added tax, in which tax is charged on all sales, thus avoiding the need for a system of resale certificates. Tax cascading is avoided by applying the tax only to the difference between the price paid by the first purchaser and the price paid by each subsequent purchaser of the same item. FairTax, a proposed federal sales tax, intended to replace the US federal income tax. Turnover tax, similar to a sales tax, but applied to intermediate and capital goods as an indirect tax. Most countries in the world have sales taxes or value-added taxes at all or several of the national, county, or city government levels. Countries in Western Europe in Scandinavia, have some of the world's highest valued-added taxes. Norway and Sweden have higher VATs at 25%, Hungary has the highest at 27% although reduced rates are used in some cases, as for groceries, art and newspapers. In some jurisdictions of the United States, there are multiple levels of government which each impose a sales tax. For example, sales tax in Chicago, IL is 10.25%, consisting of 6.25% state, 1.25% city, 1.75% county and 1% regional transportation authority.
Chicago has the Metropolitan Pier and Exposition Authority tax on food and beverage of 1%. For Baton Rouge, the tax is 10%, 5% each of state & local. In Los Angeles it is 9%, 7.25% state, 1.5% county & 0.25% city. In California, sales taxes are made up of various state and city taxes; the state tax is "imposed upon all retailers" for the "privilege of selling tangible personal property at retail". Speaking, only the retailer is responsible for the payment of the tax; when consumers purchase goods from out-of-state the consumer is required to pay a "use tax" identical to the sales tax. Use tax is levied upon the "storage, use, or other consumption in this state of tangible personal property". Consumers are responsible for declaring these purchases in the same filing as their annual state income tax, but it is rare for them to do so. An exception is out-of-state purchase of automobiles. Use tax is collected by the state as part of registering the vehicle in California; the trend has been for conventional sales taxes to be replaced by more broadly based value-added taxes.
Value -added taxes provide an estimated 20% of worldwide tax revenue and have been adopted by more than 140 countries. The United States is now one of the few countries to retain conventional sales taxes. Economists at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development studied the effects of various types of taxes on the economic growth of developed nations within the OECD and found that sales taxes are one of the least harmful taxes for growth; because the rate of a sales tax does not change based on a person's income or wealth, sales taxes are considered regressive. However, it has been suggested that any regressive effect of a sales tax could be mitigated, e.g. by excluding rent, or by exempting "necessary" items, such as food and medicines. Investopedia defines a regressive tax as " tax that takes a larger percentage from low-income people than from high-income people. A regressive tax is a tax, applied uniformly; this means that it hits lower-income individuals harder". Higher sales taxes have been shown to have many different effects on local economies.
With higher taxes, more consumers are starting to reconsider whe
Byron I. Mallott is an American politician, tribal activist, business executive from the state of Alaska. Mallott is an Alaska Native leader of Tlingit heritage, the leader of the Kwaash Ké Kwaan clan, he was lieutenant governor of Alaska, from December 2014 until his resignation on October 16, 2018. He previously served as the Mayor of Yakutat, the Mayor of Juneau, the President of the Alaska Federation of Natives and the executive director of the Alaska Permanent Fund. Mallott was the Democratic nominee for Governor of Alaska in 2014, until he agreed to merge his campaign with that of Independent candidate Bill Walker and become Walker's running mate. Walker and Mallott won the election and were sworn in on December 1, 2014. In 2018, Mallott abruptly resigned after it was discovered he made inappropriate overtures to a woman. Byron I. Mallott was born on April 6, 1943 in Yakutat, Territory of Alaska to Emma Mallott, his father established a general store in a spare room of the family home in 1946.
Byron spent most of his childhood living in Yakutat. He graduated from Sheldon Jackson High School and studied for several years at Western Washington State College, his political career began unexpectedly in 1965. His father, who served as Yakutat's mayor for the vast majority of the position's existence, died, he left college and returned to Yakutat, running to replace him, won election. He was 22 years old at the time, he left office before the expiration of his term, taking a job in the office of Governor Bill Egan towards the end of Egan's first governorship. His job in the governor's office was focused on local government affairs, one of the few constitutionally mandated executive functions in Alaska. After Egan was defeated for re-election by Walter Hickel in 1966, Mallott returned to Yakutat and served on the city council, he served as a special assistant to U. S. Senator Mike Gravel during the early part of Gravel's first term. After Egan was elected back to the governorship in 1970, Mallott went back to work in his office in 1971, where he was in charge of local affairs.
This office was absorbed into the Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs when the legislature created the department the following year. Mallott became the department's first commissioner, serving until 1974. During the 1970s, Mallott became a director of the newly formed Sealaska Corporation serving as chairman of the board, as well as president and CEO of the corporation, he retired from Sealaska as CEO in 1992. Mallott became the executive director of the Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation in 1995, he had served on the corporation's board for eight years, including three years as chairman. He had established a permanent fund for Sealaska shareholders during his tenure there, which had grown to a net worth of $100 million by the late 1990s. Incumbent mayor Jamie Parsons declined to seek re-election in 1994 after one term in office. Mallott was elected mayor of Juneau in that municipality's 1994 general election, he resigned the office a little over three months into his term, after he was chosen to head the APFC.
Mallott faced harsh criticism when he announced that he could handle serving in both positions, leading to changing his mind and resigning the mayoral position. Mallott was succeeded as mayor by deputy mayor Dennis Egan. Mallott has served as: President of the Alaska Federation of Natives, he has been awarded as "Citizen of the Year" by AFN. Executive director of the Rural Alaska Community Action Program Chair of the Nature Conservancy of Alaska Board of Directors of the Alaska Public Radio Network Co-chair of the Alaska Commission on Rural Governance and Empowerment, appointed by Governor Tony Knowles. Director of the Alaska Commercial Fisheries and Agriculture Bank Co-chair of the re-election campaign of Senator Lisa Murkowski during the 2010 electionHe was awarded an honorary doctorate in humanities by the University of Alaska. Mallott announced on September 2, 2013, that he was running for the Democratic nomination for Governor of Alaska in the 2014 election, he won the Democratic gubernatorial primary with 80% of the vote on August 19, 2014.
Independent candidate Bill Walker and Mallott merged their campaigns on September 2 to appear on the November ballot as one independent campaign, which the Alaska Democratic Party endorsed. On this ticket, Walker ran for Governor with Mallott as his running mate. Both candidates' respective prior running mates withdrew, they won the election on November 2014, as there was a recount due to a close election result. In 2017, Walker and Mallott registered to run for re-election on an independent ticket. Despite running for reelection as an independent, Mallott maintained his Democratic Party registration, they faced the Republican ticket headed by state senator Mike Dunleavy and the Democratic ticket headed by former senator Mark Begich, until Mallott's resignation from office on October 16 and Bill Walker's eventual campaign suspension on October 19. Mallott resigned his post as Lieutenant Governor on October 16, 2018, citing "inappropriate comments" that he had made to a woman whom Governor Walker refused to name.
He was succeeded as lieutenant governor by Valerie Davidson, the former commissioner of the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services. Byron Mallott has been married for several decades to Antoinette "Toni" Mallott, a retired schoolteacher who spent most of her career teaching elementary grades in the Juneau School District, they have five children. Byron and Toni Mallott live in the West Juneau neighborhood of Juneau, located on Douglas Island near downtown Juneau. Media