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Asser

Asser was a Welsh monk from St David's, who became Bishop of Sherborne in the 890s. About 885 he was asked by Alfred the Great to leave St David's and join the circle of learned men whom Alfred was recruiting for his court. After spending a year at Caerwent because of illness, Asser accepted. In 893 Asser wrote a biography of Alfred, called the Life of King Alfred; the manuscript survived to modern times in only one copy, part of the Cotton library. That copy was destroyed in a fire in 1731, but transcriptions, made earlier, together with material from Asser's work, included by other early writers, have enabled the work to be reconstructed; the biography is the main source of information about Alfred's life and provides far more information about Alfred than is known about any other early English ruler. Asser assisted Alfred in his translation of Gregory the Great's Pastoral Care, with other works. Asser is sometimes cited as a source for the legend about Alfred's having founded the University of Oxford, now known to be false.

A short passage making this claim was interpolated by William Camden into his 1603 edition of Asser's Life. Doubts have been raised periodically about whether the entire Life is a forgery, written by a later writer, but it is now universally accepted as genuine. Asser was a Welsh monk who lived from at least AD 885 until about 909. Nothing is known of Asser's early life; the name Asser is to have been taken from Aser, or Asher, the eighth son of Jacob in Genesis. Old Testament names were common in Wales at the time, but it has been suggested that this name may have been adopted at the time Asser entered the church. Asser may have been familiar with a work by St Jerome on the meaning of Hebrew names, so it is possible that Asser's birth name was "Gwyn", Welsh for "blessed". According to his Life of King Alfred, Asser was a monk at St David's in what was the kingdom of Dyfed, in south-west Wales. Asser makes it clear that he was brought up in the area, was tonsured and ordained there, he mentions Nobis, a bishop of St David's who died in 873 or 874, as being a kinsman of his.

Much of what is known about Asser comes from his biography of Alfred, in particular a short section in which Asser recounts how Alfred recruited him as a scholar for his court. Alfred held a high opinion of the value of learning and recruited men from around Britain and from continental Europe to establish a scholarly centre at his court, it is not known how Alfred heard of Asser, but one possibility relates to Alfred's overlordship of south Wales. Several kings, including Hywel ap Rhys of Glywysing and Hyfaidd of Dyfed, had submitted to Alfred's overlordship in 885. Asser gives a detailed account of the events. There is a charter of Hywel's, dated to c. 885. Hence it is possible that Alfred's relationship with the southern Welsh kings led him to hear of Asser. Asser recounts meeting Alfred first at the royal estate at Sussex. Asser provides only one datable event in his history: on St Martin's Day, 11 November 887, Alfred decided to learn to read Latin. Working backwards from this, it appears most that Asser was recruited by Alfred in early 885.

Asser's response to Alfred's request was to ask for time to consider the offer, as he felt it would be unfair to abandon his current position in favour of worldly recognition. Alfred agreed but suggested that he should spend half his time at St David's and half with Alfred. Asser again asked for time to consider, but agreed to return to Alfred with an answer in six months. On his return to Wales, Asser fell ill with a fever and was confined to the monastery of Caerwent for twelve months and a week. Alfred wrote to find out the cause of the delay, Asser responded that he would keep his promise when he recovered; when he did recover, in 886, he agreed to divide his time between Wales and Alfred's court, as Alfred had suggested. Others at St David's supported this, since they hoped Asser's influence with Alfred would avoid "damaging afflictions and injuries at the hands of King Hyfaidd". Asser joined several other noted scholars at Alfred's court, including Grimbald, John the Old Saxon, his first extended stay with Alfred was at the royal estate at Leonaford from about April through December 886.

It is not known. Asser records. On Christmas Eve, 886, after Asser had for some time failed to obtain permission to return to Wales, Alfred gave Asser the monasteries of Congresbury and Banwell, along with a silk cloak and a quantity of incense "weighing as much as a stout man." He allowed Asser to visit his new possessions and thence to return to St David's. Thereafter Asser seems to have divided Alfred's court. Asser gives no information about his time in Wales, but mentions various places that he visited in England, including the battlefield at Ashdown and Athelney, it is evident from Asser's account that he spent a good deal of time with Alfred: he recounts meeting Alfred's mother-in-law, Eadburh, on many occasions. Sometime between 887 and 892, Alfred gave Asser the monas

Bogdan MusioĊ‚

Bogdan Musiol is an East German-German bobsledder who competed from the late 1970s to the early 1990s. The former shot putter started pushing bob sleighs in 1977 for pilot Horst Bernhard. Behind Horst Schönau he became world champion for the first time in 1978, he pushed for Bernhard Germeshausen, Meinhard Nehmer, Bernhard Lehmann, Detlef Richter and Wolfgang Hoppe. Competing in five Winter Olympic Games, he won seven medals with one gold, five silvers, one bronze. Musiol won seven medals at the FIBT World Championships with three golds, two silvers, two bronzes. From 1980 to 1988, the former NVA Hauptmann took part for East Germany after German reunification in 1990 for Germany at the Winter Olympics until 1994. At the end of his career he had won 31 Medals at international competitions and was the most successful bob athlete until Wolfgang Hoppe scored 33. Musiol competed for ASK Vorwärts Oberhof WSV Oberhof 05, he owns fitness studios in Oschatz. He was in charge for the material of the German Bob- und Schlittenverband für Deutschland until his dismissal in 2000.

Bobsleigh two-man Olympic medalists 1932–56 and since 1964 Bobsleigh four-man Olympic medalists for 1924, 1932–56, since 1964 Bobsleigh two-man world championship medalists since 1931 Bobsleigh four-man world championship medalists since 1930 DatabaseOlympics.com profile

Henriette Mayer van den Bergh

Henriëtte Mayer-van den Bergh was a Belgian museum founder, known for commissioning the building and establishing Museum Mayer van den Bergh, which she curated until her death. She was the daughter of the Antwerp senator Jean Félix Van den Bergh who ran the “La Cloche” brewery with his brother Maximilien. Henriette married the Cologne businessman Emil Mayer in 1857, who had moved to Antwerp to open a franchise for his family's pharmacy and spice business; the Mayer-Van den Berghs purchased the'Hof van Arenberg' on the corner of Lange Gasthuisstraat and Arenbergstraat in 1861 and renovated it to suit their taste. They had two sons and Oscar. After the death of her husband Emil in 1879, Henriette withdrew from society but turned to the study of art, her oldest son Fritz broke off his studies to move back in with her and Oscar took over the family business. In 1887 Fritz took her name, in 1888 both sons were granted noble titles. Fritz became thereafter known in the art world as'Chev. Mayer-van den Bergh'.

During the years her husband was alive, Henriette was already active as a collector, as the archives of her museum have provenance notes by her son Fritz indicating "Maman" for works purchased by her. After her son returned to live with her, he first spent time on his own numismatic collection and turned his attention to cataloguing the family's art. In 1892, mother and son sold a large part of their collection to enable Fritz to make serious acquisitions with an eye for founding a museum. During the next nine years he became a dealer in his own right, making sales and purchases to augment his growing collection. After his untimely death, Henriette fulfilled his dream, hiring the architect Joseph Hertogs to build an adjacent building in Gothic style, hiring advisors to help her oversee her son's estate, while securing his papers regarding the core collection, destined for the museum, she curated the museum herself until she died, leaving a legacy that has survived to the present day. Museum Mayer van den Bergh in'Openbaar Kunstbezit Vlaanderen'