The Gatineau Olympiques are a major junior ice hockey team based in Gatineau, Canada, that plays in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The Olympiques play home games at the Robert Guertin Centre; the club known as the Hull Festivals, was granted membership in the QMJHL in 1973. The Olympiques have appeared in the Memorial Cup seven times, winning once in 1997. Over eighty former players and coaches have gone on to play or coach in the National Hockey League, including Martin Biron, Aleš Hemský, Luc Robitaille, Jeremy Roenick, Michael Ryder, Maxime Talbot, José Théodore, Colin White, Claude Giroux, David Krejčí, Jack Adams-winning head coaches Alain Vigneault and Pat Burns and 2011 Stanley Cup-winning coach Claude Julien. Before joining the QMJHL, the team was a member of the Central Junior A Hockey League, known as Les Éperviers de Hull but as Les Castors de Hull and Hull-Volant Junior A. Hull and the CJHL were eligible to compete for the Memorial Cup, the Major Junior crown, but were relegated to Tier II Junior "A" in 1970.
The season before joining the QMJHL in 1973 they became the Hull Festivals, in 1976, they became the Hull Olympiques. The Olympiques share a junior hockey market across the Ottawa River. Pre-season games between the two teams were a regular occurrence from 1975 to 1986; the teams have played interleague regular-season home and home games in the 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2001–02, 2002–03 and 2009–10 seasons since. The Olympiques have won the President's Cup seven times, most in 2007–08; the team has been to four Memorial Cup finals, losing three and winning the 1997 Memorial Cup, which they hosted. From 1985 until 1992, the Olympiques were owned by Wayne Gretzky. On May 31, 2010, it was announced that former Olympiques coach Benoit Groulx, who had left the organization to coach the Rochester Americans would be returning to be the general manager and head coach. For the 2011–12 season, the Olympiques returned to the colours of black and white following an eight-year absence. In 2016, coach Groulx left the Olympiques again to become the head coach of the Syracuse Crunch.
He was replaced by Mario Duhamel. Duhamel was replaced by assistant coach Éric Landry. Jean Rougeau Trophy – Regular season champions 1985–86, 1987–88, 1996–97, 2003–04Division titles – Regular season champions 1985–86, 1987–88, 1996–97, 1999–2000, 2001–02, 2003–04 Hull Hawks Hull Festivals Hull Olympiques Gatineau Olympiques Complete results before 1969 unavailable. OL = Overtime loss, SL = Shootout loss, Pct = Winning percentage Lists of National Hockey League alumni. No player from the "Hull Hawks" went on the play in the NHL. Hull Castors Billy SmithHull Festivals Hull Olympiques Gatineau Olympiques Ten Olympiques players have had their numbers retired by the team. Former coach Pat Burns has been honoured. # 10 Jean Poulin # 15 Luc Robitaille # 16 Sam Lang # 20 Martin Gelinas # 24 Colin White # 25 Maxime Talbot # 28 Claude Giroux # 32 Marc Saumier # 33 José Théodore # 77 Guy Rouleau Official web site
Canadian football is a sport played in Canada in which two teams of 12 players each compete for territorial control of a field of play 110 yards long and 65 yards wide attempting to advance a pointed oval-shaped ball into the opposing team's scoring area. In Canada, the term "football" may refer to Canadian football and American football collectively, or to either sport depending on context; the two sports have shared origins and are related but have some key differences. Rugby football in Canada originated in the early 1860s, over time, the game known as Canadian football developed. Both the Canadian Football League, the sport's top professional league, Football Canada, the governing body for amateur play, trace their roots to 1880 and the founding of the Canadian Rugby Football Union; the CFL is the most only major professional Canadian football league. Its championship game, the Grey Cup, is one of Canada's largest sporting events, attracting a broad television audience. In 2009, about 40% of Canada's population watched part of the game.
Canadian football is played at the bantam, high school, junior and semi-professional levels: the Canadian Junior Football League, formed May 8, 1974, Quebec Junior Football League are leagues for players aged 18–22, many post-secondary institutions compete in U Sports football for the Vanier Cup, senior leagues such as the Alberta Football League have grown in popularity in recent years. Great achievements in Canadian football are enshrined in the Canadian Football Hall of Fame located in Hamilton, Ontario. Other organizations across Canada perform senior league Canadian football during the summer; the first documented football match was a practice game played on November 9, 1861, at University College, University of Toronto. One of the participants in the game involving University of Toronto students was Sir William Mulock Chancellor of the school. A football club was formed at the university soon afterward, although its rules of play at this stage are unclear; the first written account of a game played was on October 1862, on the Montreal Cricket Grounds.
It was between the First Battalion Grenadier Guards and the Second Battalion Scots Fusilier Guards resulting in a win by the Grenadier Guards 3 goals, 2 rouges to nothing. In 1864, at Trinity College, Toronto, F. Barlow Cumberland, Frederick A. Bethune, Christopher Gwynn, one of the founders of Milton, devised rules based on rugby football; the game gained a following, with the Hamilton Football Club formed on November 3, 1869, Montreal formed a team April 8, 1872, Toronto was formed on October 4, 1873, the Ottawa FBC on September 20, 1876. This rugby-football soon became popular at Montreal's McGill University. McGill challenged Harvard University to a game, in 1874 using a hybrid game of English rugby devised by the University of McGill; the first attempt to establish a proper governing body and adopted the current set of Rugby rules was the Foot Ball Association of Canada, organized on March 24, 1873 followed by the Canadian Rugby Football Union founded June 12, 1880, which included teams from Ontario and Quebec.
Both the Ontario and Quebec Rugby Football Union were formed, the Interprovincial and Western Interprovincial Football Union. The CRFU reorganized into an umbrella organization forming the Canadian Rugby Union in 1891; the original forerunners to the current Canadian Football League, was established in 1956 when the IRFU and WIFU formed an umbrella organization, The Canadian Football Council. In 1958 the CFC left the CRFU to become the CFL; the Burnside rules resembling American football that were incorporated in 1903 by the ORFU, was an effort to distinguish it from a more rugby-oriented game. The Burnside Rules had teams reduced to 12 men per side, introduced the Snap-Back system, required the offensive team to gain 10 yards on three downs, eliminated the Throw-In from the sidelines, allowed only six men on the line, stated that all goals by kicking were to be worth two points and the opposition was to line up 10 yards from the defenders on all kicks; the rules were an attempt to standardize the rules throughout the country.
The CIRFU, QRFU and CRU refused to adopt the new rules at first. Forward passes were not allowed in the Canadian game until 1929, touchdowns, five points, were increased to six points in 1956, in both cases several decades after the Americans had adopted the same changes; the primary differences between the Canadian and American games stem from rule changes that the American side of the border adopted but the Canadian side did not. The Canadian field width was one rule, not based on American rules, as the Canadian game was played in wider fields and stadiums that were not as narrow as the American stadiums; the Grey Cup was established in 1909 after being donated by Albert Grey, 4th Earl Grey, The Governor General of Canada as the championship of teams under the CRU for the Rugby Football Championship of Canada. An amateur competition, it became dominated by professional teams in the 1940s and early 1950s; the Ontario Rugby Football Union, the last amateur organization to compete for the trophy
Canadian Junior Football League
The Canadian Junior Football League is a national amateur Canadian football league consisting of 18 teams playing in six provinces across Canada. The teams compete annually for the Canadian Bowl. Many CJFL players moved on to professional football careers in the Canadian Football League and elsewhere. Formed May 8, 1974, The CJFL's formal mission statement is: "The Canadian Junior Football League provides the opportunity for young men aged 17 to 22 to participate in competitive post-high school football, unique in Canada; the goal of the league is to foster community involvement and yield a positive environment by teaching discipline and cooperation. The benefits of the league are strong camaraderie, national competition and life-long friends." A handful of standout players are signed directly to CFL rosters each season, while U Sports permits up to two years of play in leagues such as the CJFL before a player begins to lose eligibility. The 9-team Quebec Junior Football League was part of the CJFL, but withdrew and now operates independently.
Meanwhile, The Ontario Football Conference consists of two divisions: Varsity Division and Junior Division. While the Junior Division remains affiliated to the CJFL and its teams compete for the Canadian Bowl, the Varsity Division is operated by the OFC. Grand River Predators GTA Bears Brampton Bears Abbotsford Air Force North Vancouver Argos North Shore Cougars 1974-1990 Richmond Raiders Tri-City Bulldogs Vancouver Trojans Red Deer Packers Calgary Mohawks Calgary Cougars Medicine Hat Rattlers Regina Rams Rosemount Bombers St-Leonard Cougars Fort Garry Lions St. Vital Mustangs Winnipeg Hawkeyes Winnipeg Rods Brampton Satellites Brantford Bisons Cornwall Emards Oshawa Hawkeyes Ottawa Junior Riders Sault Ste. Marie Storm Thunder Bay Giants Chateauguay Ramblers Laval Scorpions Notre-Dame-de-Grace Maple Leafs St. Hubert Rebelles Verdun Shamcats Ville-Émard Juveniles Toronto Junior Argonauts, Leader-Post Trophy, 1908-1973. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan - Saskatoon Hilltops 21 times - 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2007, 2003, 2002, 2001, 1996, 1991, 1985, 1978, 1969, 1968, 1959, 1958, 1953.
Regina, Saskatchewan - 16 times, Regina Rams 15 times, 1998, 1997, 1995, 1994, 1993, 1987, 1986, 1981, 1980, 1976, 1975, 1973, 1971, 1970, 1966. Edmonton, Alberta - 8 times, Edmonton Huskies 2005, 2004, 1964, 1963, 1962. Hamilton, Ontario - 5 times, Hamilton Hurricanes 1972. Ottawa, Ontario - Ottawa Sooners 4 times, 1992, 1984, 1979, 1974. Nanaimo, British Columbia - Vancouver Island Raiders 3 times, 2009, 2008, 2006. Windsor, Ontario - Windsor AKO Fratmen 3 times, 1999, 1954, 1952. Winnipeg, Manitoba - Winnipeg Rods 3 times, 1961, 1956, 1955. Kelowna, British Columbia - Okanagan Sun 2 times, 2000, 1988. Calgary, Alberta - Calgary Colts 2 times, 1990, 1989. Vancouver, British Columbia - 2 times, Renfrew Trojans 1982. Montreal, Quebec - 2 times, Notre-Dame-de-Grace Maple Leafs 1965. Toronto, Ontario - Toronto Parkdale Lions 1 time, 1957; the national championship was contested from 1908-1946 with breaks for the World Wars and an additional break in the mid-1930s. In these years the championship was won by teams from Toronto, Hamilton and once each by Vancouver, Calgary, Petrolia, St. Thomas and London.
Canadian Junior Football League
The Chicoutimi Saguenéens are a junior ice hockey team which plays in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The team is based out of Chicoutimi, Quebec and owned by the City of Saguenay; the team plays its home games at the Centre Georges-Vézina. The Chicoutimi Saguenéens franchise was granted for the 1973–74 season; the team's name, Saguenéens means "People from the Saguenay." The current junior team is only the most recent to use the name. The "Sags", as they are popularly nicknamed, have won the President's Cup twice in their history, in 1990–91 and in 1993–94. In both instances they advanced to the Memorial Cup, failing to advance past the round-robin stage on each occasion; the Sags participated in the 1997 Memorial Cup, as the host Hull Olympiques had won the QMJHL title that year. The Centre Georges-Vézina hosted Memorial Cup festivities in 1988, but the team did not participate as then-current QMJHL rules forced the host team to make it to at least the President's Cup final, which the Saguenéens did not do in that year.
Legend: OTL = Overtime loss, SL = Shootout loss 14 – Alain Côté 16 – Normand Leveille 18 – Sylvain Locas 20 – Marc Fortier 21 – Guy Carbonneau 29 – Félix Potvin Official site
Australian rules football
Australian rules football known as Australian football, or called Aussie rules, football or footy, is a contact sport played between two teams of eighteen players on an oval-shaped field a modified cricket ground. Points are scored by kicking the oval-shaped ball between behind posts. During general play, players may position themselves anywhere on the field and use any part of their bodies to move the ball; the primary methods are kicking and running with the ball. There are rules on how the ball can be handled: for example, players running with the ball must intermittently bounce or touch it on the ground. Throwing the ball is not allowed and players must not get caught holding the ball. A distinctive feature of the game is the mark, where players anywhere on the field who catch the ball from a kick are awarded possession. Possession of the ball is in dispute at all times except when mark is paid. Players can use their whole body to obstruct opponents. Dangerous physical contact, interference when marking and deliberately slowing the play are discouraged with free kicks, distance penalties or suspension for a certain number of matches, depending on the seriousness of the infringement.
The game features frequent physical contests, spectacular marking, fast movement of both players and the ball and high scoring. The sport's origins can be traced to football matches played in Melbourne, Victoria in 1858, inspired by English public school football games. Seeking to develop a game more suited to adults and Australian conditions, the Melbourne Football Club published the first laws of Australian football in May 1859, making it the oldest of the world's major football codes. Australian football has the highest spectator attendance and television viewership of all sports in Australia, while the Australian Football League, the sport's only professional competition, is the nation's wealthiest sporting body; the AFL Grand Final, held annually at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, is the highest attended club championship event in the world. The sport is played at amateur level in many countries and in several variations, its rules are governed by the AFL Commission with the advice of the AFL's Laws of the Game Committee.
Australian rules football is known by several nicknames, including Aussie rules and footy. In some regions, it is marketed as AFL after the Australian Football League. There is evidence of football being played sporadically in the Australian colonies in the first half of the 19th century. Compared to cricket and horse racing, football was viewed as a minor "amusement" at the time, while little is known about these early one-off games, it is clear they share no causal link with Australian football. In 1858, in a move that would help to shape Australian football in its formative years, "public" schools in Melbourne, Victoria began organising football games inspired by precedents at English public schools; the earliest such match, held in St Kilda on 15 June, was between Melbourne Grammar and St Kilda Grammar. On 10 July 1858, the Melbourne-based Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle published a letter by Tom Wills, captain of the Victoria cricket team, calling for the formation of a "foot-ball club" with a "code of laws" to keep cricketers fit during winter.
Born in Australia, Wills played a nascent form of rugby football whilst a pupil at Rugby School in England, returned to his homeland a star athlete and cricketer. His letter is regarded by many historians as giving impetus for the development of a new code of football today known as Australian football. Two weeks Wills' friend, cricketer Jerry Bryant, posted an advertisement for a scratch match at the Richmond Paddock adjoining the Melbourne Cricket Ground; this was the first of several "kickabouts" held that year involving members of the Melbourne Cricket Club, including Wills, Bryant, W. J. Hammersley and J. B. Thompson. Trees were used as goalposts and play lasted an entire afternoon. Without an agreed upon code of laws, some players were guided by rules they had learned in the British Isles, "others by no rules at all". Another significant milestone in 1858 was a match played under experimental rules between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College, held at the Richmond Paddock; this 40-a-side contest, umpired by Wills and Scotch College teacher John Macadam, began on 7 August and continued over two subsequent Saturdays, ending in a draw with each side kicking one goal.
It is commemorated with a statue outside the MCG, the two schools have competed annually since in the Cordner-Eggleston Cup, the world's oldest continuous football competition. Since the early 20th century, it has been suggested that Australian football was derived from the Irish sport of Gaelic football, not codified until 1885. There is no archival evidence in favour of a Gaelic influence, the style of play shared between the two modern codes was evident in Australia long before the Irish game evolved in a similar direction. Another theory, first proposed in 1983, posits that Wills, having grown up amongst Aborigines in Victoria, may have seen or played the Aboriginal game of Marn Grook, incorporated some of its features into early Australian football; the evidence for this is only circumstantial, according to biographer Greg de Moore's research, Wills was "almost influenced by his experience at Rugby School". A loosely organised Melbourne side, captained by Wills, played against other football enthusiasts in the winter and spring of 1858.
The following year, on 14 May, the Melbourne Football Club came into being, making it one of the
AFL Quebec is a 9-a-side Australian football competition known as the Eastern Canadian Australian Football League or ECAFL. The league has both a men's and women's division and consists of teams predominantly from Montreal and its surrounding areas including two women's teams from Ottawa. Players from the current regular season men's teams are eligible for selection in the league's 18-a-side representative team the Québec Saints; the Saints participate in the USAFL National Championships Tournament having participated in the AFL Ontario Division 2 competition from 2008–10. The league began on October 4, 2008. After competing in the Toronto-based OAFL'Rec' footy league, Luke Anderson divided the Québec Saints team into two teams in order to create a locally based 9-a-side competition; the game is played in general is around 100 metres in length. The first match between the Montréal Saints and Laval Bombers was played at Parc Cartier in Laval; the Bombers claimed victory by 8 points. In 2009 the ECAFL regular season was consisted of 7 rounds.
The team that finished with the best regular season record earned the right to challenge if they lost the Grand Final. The Laval Bombers finished with a 4-3 record claiming first position; the final played at CEGEP Montmorency in Laval saw the Laval Bombers 27.12 defeat the Montréal Saints 2.6. The final score, winning margin both ECAFL records. Two Bomber's players, Ben Vawser and Renaud Carbonnel were awarded the best on ground medallions. 2009 saw the introduction of women's ECAFL games. The newly formed Montréal Angels played against and defeated the Toronto Central Blues WAFC and the Montréal Shamrocks GAA women's team. Although there was no official ECAFL Women's Premiership trophy, the champion was determined from the results throughout the season; as such the Angels were installed as ECAFL Women's Champions for 2009. The 2010 ECAFL season saw the launch of a third Montréal based the Pointe Claire Power; the Pre-season cup was contested by a record six teams. The Montréal Saints, Laval Bombers, Pointe Claire Power, Montréal Shamrocks, Ottawa Swans and Ottawa Swans'A'.
For the first time a women's Pre-season cup was run, contested between the Montréal Angels and Toronto Central Blues WAFC. The 2010 regular season consisted of five rounds; the Pointe Claire Power finished first in their inaugural season thereby earning direct entry into the 2010 Grand Final. The second placed Montréal Saints played the third placed Laval Bombers in the semi-final; the Bombers emerged victorious by a single goal, kicked with less than thirty seconds left in the match. The Laval Bombers 14.12 defeating the Montréal Saints 13.12. The Grand Final played on the same day was a tight contest with only one point separating both teams at three-quarter time; the Power's fresh legs proved the difference as they overrun the Bombers and claimed victory by 28 points. Nico Pouessel of the Power was and Darrin Haverhoek of the Bombers were awarded the best on ground medallions. Anderson, Luke. A. L'Histoire des bleus et blancs: An Aussie Rules Journey Through Canada. Blurb Publishing, 2011
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team, called the pitcher, throws a ball which a player on the batting team tries to hit with a bat; the objectives of the offensive team are to hit the ball into the field of play, to run the bases—having its runners advance counter-clockwise around four bases to score what are called "runs". The objective of the defensive team is to prevent batters from becoming runners, to prevent runners' advance around the bases. A run is scored when a runner advances around the bases in order and touches home plate; the team that scores the most runs by the end of the game is the winner. The first objective of the batting team is to have a player reach first base safely. A player on the batting team who reaches first base without being called "out" can attempt to advance to subsequent bases as a runner, either or during teammates' turns batting; the fielding team tries to prevent runs by getting batters or runners "out", which forces them out of the field of play.
Both the pitcher and fielders have methods of getting the batting team's players out. The opposing teams switch forth between batting and fielding. One turn batting for each team constitutes an inning. A game is composed of nine innings, the team with the greater number of runs at the end of the game wins. If scores are tied at the end of nine innings, extra innings are played. Baseball has no game clock. Baseball evolved from older bat-and-ball games being played in England by the mid-18th century; this game was brought by immigrants to North America. By the late 19th century, baseball was recognized as the national sport of the United States. Baseball is popular in North America and parts of Central and South America, the Caribbean, East Asia in Japan and South Korea. In the United States and Canada, professional Major League Baseball teams are divided into the National League and American League, each with three divisions: East and Central; the MLB champion is determined by playoffs. The top level of play is split in Japan between the Central and Pacific Leagues and in Cuba between the West League and East League.
The World Baseball Classic, organized by the World Baseball Softball Confederation, is the major international competition of the sport and attracts the top national teams from around the world. A baseball game is played between two teams, each composed of nine players, that take turns playing offense and defense. A pair of turns, one at bat and one in the field, by each team constitutes an inning. A game consists of nine innings. One team—customarily the visiting team—bats in the top, or first half, of every inning; the other team -- customarily the home team -- bats in second half, of every inning. The goal of the game is to score more points than the other team; the players on the team at bat attempt to score runs by circling or completing a tour of the four bases set at the corners of the square-shaped baseball diamond. A player bats at home plate and must proceed counterclockwise to first base, second base, third base, back home to score a run; the team in the field attempts to prevent runs from scoring and record outs, which remove opposing players from offensive action until their turn in their team's batting order comes up again.
When three outs are recorded, the teams switch roles for the next half-inning. If the score of the game is tied after nine innings, extra innings are played to resolve the contest. Many amateur games unorganized ones, involve different numbers of players and innings; the game is played on a field whose primary boundaries, the foul lines, extend forward from home plate at 45-degree angles. The 90-degree area within the foul lines is referred to as fair territory; the part of the field enclosed by the bases and several yards beyond them is the infield. In the middle of the infield is a raised pitcher's mound, with a rectangular rubber plate at its center; the outer boundary of the outfield is demarcated by a raised fence, which may be of any material and height. The fair territory between home plate and the outfield boundary is baseball's field of play, though significant events can take place in foul territory, as well. There are three basic tools of baseball: the ball, the bat, the glove or mitt: The baseball is about the size of an adult's fist, around 9 inches in circumference.
It wound in yarn and covered in white cowhide, with red stitching. The bat is a hitting tool, traditionally made of a solid piece of wood. Other materials are now used for nonprofessional games, it is a hard round stick, about 2.5 inches in diameter at the hitting end, tapering to a narrower handle and culminating in a knob. Bats used by adults are around 34 inches long, not longer than 42 inches; the glove or mitt is a fielding tool, made of padded leather with webbing between the fingers. As an aid in catching and holding onto the ball, it takes various shapes to meet the specific needs of differ