Newport (city), Vermont
The city of Newport is the county seat of Orleans County, United States. As of the 2010 Census, the city population was 4,589; the city contains the second-largest population of any municipality in the county, yet encompasses the smallest area. It is the second-smallest city by population in Vermont. In 1753, the Abenakis brought the ransomed John Stark down Lake Memphremagog and came ashore where Newport is now situated, they traveled southeast to his home in New Hampshire. Newport as a settlement began in 1793; the village was first called Pickeral Point, but renamed Lake Bridge for its location at the head of Lake Memphremagog. In 1816, part of the former town of Salem, was annexed to Newport town, is now part of the city. In 1868, the Lake Bridge settlement was incorporated as the Village of Newport, it became a busy lumber town. The firm of Prouty & Miller, a lumbering firm, was started in 1865. In 1932, the city had a poor farm for the indigent. In 1868, a livery stable that would grow to 100 horses, started operating behind a hotel, several blocks from the railway station.
The railroad reached the village in 1863. By the late 19th century, the Boston & Maine and Central Vermont railroads were routed through Lake Bridge and the small village experienced a population boom; the last passenger train left Newport in 1965. The Lady of the Lake steam excursion/ferry boat started operating in 1867, it stopped operations in 1917. This is used as Newport's logo. In 1917, the city paved Main Street. By 1930, 4,000 motor vehicles a day, during the summer, traveled the street; the city sold its airport to the state of Vermont in the 1970s. Rogers' Rangers were forced to retreat through the county following their attack on Saint-Francis, Quebec in 1759. To confound their avenging pursuers, they split up on the east shore of Lake Memphremagog. One group followed the Clyde River east. Another followed the Barton River south. In the early 19th century, the women of pioneer Calvin Arnold's household, refused to live in the Arnold house near what is now Clyde Pond, because of depredations by the Indians.
The city had a scare. They thought these raids might repeat throughout the state but at the south end of the lake; the militia was turned out. The ferry from Magog was met with determined looking armed men, much to the captain's surprise, who had heard nothing about the raid. Armed Norwich University students were shipped in by train. Nothing happened and everyone was sent home in a few days. In 1891, the American Civil War Reunion Society of Vermont Officers held its annual reunion in Newport. In August 1942, a single-engined Royal Canadian Air Force training plane crashed into the lake near the west shore near the city, killing the only occupant, the pilot. In 1873, the Bellevue Hotel was built to accommodate 75, 100 guests, it was renamed the Newport House by 1891. It was demolished in 1973; the Memphremagog Hotel burned in 1907. The Newport Wharf Light was a tower built on Lake Memphremagog in 1879, it has since been demolished. The current county courthouse was built in 1886; that was the year. In 1879, the Field Opera House and Clock Tower was constructed.
In 1896, it was destroyed by fire. The municipal building is now at this site; the now-historic Goodrich Memorial Library was built in 1899. The parochial Sacred Heart School was opened in 1904 as part of the Burlington Roman Catholic Diocese School District, it closed in the fall of 2007. In 1917, the city of Newport was formed from portions of the towns of Derby, it was organized on March 5, 1918. There were four elementary schools named after the section of the city they were in: East and South schools. Newport High was across from the West School. There were 60 businesses downtown; the current federal courthouse was built in 1904. It included the post office; the city was once divided into at least five neighborhoods: Chief-O, Stove-Pipe City, Skunk Hollow, French Village, Batesville. Most of these names are not used in the 21st century. Batesville was the section around Prouty Bay. Skunk Hollow was in the valley west of Western Avenue; the lumbering firm Prouty & Miller, started in 1865, went out of business in the 1980s.
The Frost Veneer Mill, located on Prouty Bay, was once a primary employer in the Batesville neighborhood. Between 1936 and 1953, the International Club in Newport had the largest dance floor in New England, 220 by 60 feet, it was capable of holding 2,000 dancers. Various performers stopped to entertain while en route between Montreal on the railroad; these included: Louis Armstrong, Charlie Barnet, Les Brown, Cab Calloway, Rosemary Clooney, the Dorsey Brothers and Tommy. In 2003, the Newport-headquartered Citizens Utility was sold and divided up among Great Bay Hydro and Vermont Electric Cooperative; the Vermont Teddy Bear Company once had a plant within the city. A Columbia Forest Products plant once employed about 100 workers. A local subsidiary of an international ski clothing manufacturer once employed 30 workers, it closed in 2011. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.6 square miles, of which 6.0 square miles is land and 1.6 square miles is water. The city surrounds the southern shore of Lake Memphremagog.
Three of the four major rivers in the county empty into the lake here: the Clyde and the Black. Newport borders the towns of Coventry to the south, Newport to the
Rhode Island the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States. It is the smallest state in area, the seventh least populous, the second most densely populated, it has the longest official name of any state. Rhode Island is bordered by Connecticut to the west, Massachusetts to the north and east, the Atlantic Ocean to the south via Rhode Island Sound and Block Island Sound, it shares a small maritime border with New York. Providence is most populous city in Rhode Island. On May 4, 1776, the Colony of Rhode Island was the first of the Thirteen Colonies to renounce its allegiance to the British Crown, it was the fourth among the newly independent states to ratify the Articles of Confederation on February 9, 1778; the state boycotted the 1787 convention which drew up the United States Constitution and refused to ratify it. Rhode Island's official nickname is "The Ocean State", a reference to the large bays and inlets that amount to about 14 percent of its total area.
Despite its name, most of Rhode Island is located on the mainland of the United States. Its official name is State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, derived from the merger of four Colonial settlements; the settlements of Newport and Portsmouth were situated on what is called Aquidneck Island today, but it was called Rhode Island in Colonial times. Providence Plantation was the name of the colony founded by Roger Williams in the area now known as the city of Providence; this was adjoined by the settlement of Warwick. It is unclear how the island came to be named Rhode Island, but two historical events may have been of influence: Explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano noted the presence of an island near the mouth of Narragansett Bay in 1524 which he likened to the island of Rhodes. Subsequent European explorers were unable to identify the island that Verrazzano had named, but the Pilgrims who colonized the area assumed that it was this island. Adriaen Block passed by the island during his expeditions in the 1610s, he described it in a 1625 account of his travels as "an island of reddish appearance,", "een rodlich Eylande" in 17th-century Dutch, one popular notion is that this Dutch phrase might have influenced the name Rhode Island.
The earliest documented use of the name "Rhode Island" for Aquidneck was in 1637 by Roger Williams. The name was applied to the island in 1644 with these words: "Aquethneck shall be henceforth called the Isle of Rodes or Rhode-Island." The name "Isle of Rodes" is used in a legal document as late as 1646. Dutch maps as early as 1659 call the island "Red Island". Roger Williams was a theologian, forced out of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, seeking religious and political tolerance, he and others founded Providence Plantation as a free proprietary colony. "Providence" referred to the concept of divine providence, "plantation" was an English term for a colony. "State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations" is the longest official name of any state in the Union. In recent years, the word plantation in the state's name became a contested issue, the Rhode Island General Assembly voted on June 25, 2009 to hold a general referendum determining whether "and Providence Plantations" would be dropped from the official name.
Advocates for excising plantation claimed that the word symbolized an alleged legacy of disenfranchisement for many Rhode Islanders, as well as the proliferation of slavery in the colonies and in the post-colonial United States. Rhode Island abolished slavery in 1652, but the law was not enforced and, by the early 18th century, it was "the epicenter of the North American slave trade", according to the Brown Daily Herald. Advocates for retaining the name argued that plantation was an archaic synonym for colony and bore no relation to slavery; the referendum election was held on November 2, 2010, the people voted overwhelmingly to retain the entire original name. In 1636, Roger Williams was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious views, he settled at the top of Narragansett Bay on land sold or given to him by Narragansett sachem Canonicus, he named the site Providence Plantations, "having a sense of God's merciful providence unto me in my distress", it became a place of religious freedom where all were welcome.
In 1638, Anne Hutchinson, William Coddington, John Clarke, Philip Sherman, other religious dissenters settled on Aquidneck Island, purchased from the local tribes who called it Pocasset. This settlement was governed by the Portsmouth Compact; the southern part of the island became the separate settlement of Newport after disagreements among the founders. Samuel Gorton purchased lands at Shawomet in 1642 from the Narragansetts, precipitating a dispute with the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In 1644, Providence and Newport united for their common independence as the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, governed by an elected council and "president". Gorton received a separate charter for his settlement in 1648 which he named Warwick after his patron. Brown University was founded in 1764 as the College in the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, it was one of nine Colonial colleges granted charters before the American Revolution, but was the first college in America to accept students regardless of religious affilia
Maine is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Maine is the 12th smallest by area, the 9th least populous, the 38th most densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. It is bordered by New Hampshire to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast, the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Quebec to the northeast and northwest respectively. Maine is the easternmost state in the contiguous United States, the northernmost state east of the Great Lakes, it is known for its rocky coastline. There is a humid continental climate throughout most of the state, including in coastal areas such as its most populous city of Portland; the capital is Augusta. For thousands of years, indigenous peoples were the only inhabitants of the territory, now Maine. At the time of European arrival in what is now Maine, several Algonquian-speaking peoples inhabited the area; the first European settlement in the area was by the French in 1604 on Saint Croix Island, by Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons.
The first English settlement was the short-lived Popham Colony, established by the Plymouth Company in 1607. A number of English settlements were established along the coast of Maine in the 1620s, although the rugged climate and conflict with the local peoples caused many to fail over the years; as Maine entered the 18th century, only a half dozen European settlements had survived. Loyalist and Patriot forces contended for Maine's territory during the American Revolution and the War of 1812. During the War of 1812, the largely-undefended eastern region of Maine was occupied by British forces, but returned to the United States after the war following major defeats in New York and Louisiana, as part of a peace treaty, to include dedicated land on the Michigan peninsula for Native American peoples. Maine was part of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts until 1820, when it voted to secede from Massachusetts to become a separate state. On March 15, 1820, under the Missouri Compromise, it was admitted to the Union as the 23rd state.
There is no definitive explanation for the origin of the name "Maine", but the most origin is that the name was given by early explorers after the former province of Maine in France. Whatever the origin, the name was fixed for English settlers in 1665 when the English King's Commissioners ordered that the "Province of Maine" be entered from on in official records; the state legislature in 2001 adopted a resolution establishing Franco-American Day, which stated that the state was named after the former French province of Maine. Other theories mention earlier places with similar names, or claim it is a nautical reference to the mainland. Attempts to uncover the history of the name of Maine began with James Sullivan's 1795 "History of the District of Maine", he made the unsubstantiated claim that the Province of Maine was a compliment to the queen of Charles I, Henrietta Maria, who once "owned" the Province of Maine in France. This was quoted by Maine historians until the 1845 biography of that queen by Agnes Strickland established that she had no connection to the province.
A new theory, put forward by Carol B. Smith Fisher in 2002, is that Sir Ferdinando Gorges chose the name in 1622 to honor the village where his ancestors first lived in England, rather than the province in France. "MAINE" appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 in reference to the county of Dorset, today Broadmayne, just southeast of Dorchester. The view held among British place name scholars is that Mayne in Dorset is Brythonic, corresponding to modern Welsh "maen", plural "main" or "meini"; some early spellings are: MAINE 1086, MEINE 1200, MEINES 1204, MAYNE 1236. Today the village is known as Broadmayne, primitive Welsh or Brythonic, "main" meaning rock or stone, considered a reference to the many large sarsen stones still present around Little Mayne farm, half a mile northeast of Broadmayne village; the first known record of the name appears in an August 10, 1622 land charter to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason, English Royal Navy veterans, who were granted a large tract in present-day Maine that Mason and Gorges "intend to name the Province of Maine".
Mason had served with the Royal Navy in the Orkney Islands, where the chief island is called Mainland, a possible name derivation for these English sailors. In 1623, the English naval captain Christopher Levett, exploring the New England coast, wrote: "The first place I set my foote upon in New England was the Isle of Shoals, being Ilands in the sea, above two Leagues from the Mayne." Several tracts along the coast of New England were referred to as Main or Maine. A reconfirmed and enhanced April 3, 1639, from England's King Charles I, gave Sir Ferdinando Gorges increased powers over his new province and stated that it "shall forever hereafter, be called and named the PROVINCE OR COUNTIE OF MAINE, not by any other name or names whatsoever..." Maine is the only U. S. state whose name has one syllable. The original inhabitants of the territory, now Maine were Algonquian-speaking Wabanaki peoples, including the Passamaquoddy, Penobscot and Kennebec. During the King Philip's War, many of these peoples would merge in one form or another to become the Wabanaki Confederacy, aiding the Wampanoag of Massachusetts & the Mahican of New York.
Afterwards, many of these people were driven from their natural territories, but most of the tribes of Maine continued, until the American Revolution
Allenstown, New Hampshire
Allenstown is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 4,322 at the 2010 census. Allenstown includes a portion of the village of Suncook. Just over one-half of the town's area is covered by Bear Brook State Park. Allenstown takes its name from 17th-century provincial governor Samuel Allen, it was granted in 1721 but not incorporated until 2 July 1831. A part of neighboring Bow was annexed to Allenstown in 1815, a portion of Hooksett was annexed in 1853. Most of the town's earliest settlement occurred in the eastern part of town along Deerfield Road, around the area now occupied by Bear Brook State Park, where the Old Allenstown Meeting House is located. Following the American Civil War, the town's population shifted from the east to the west part of town, centered around the confluence of the Merrimack and Suncook Rivers, in an area now known as Suncook. Railroads were instrumental to the development of Allenstown. First, a branch of the Concord and Portsmouth Railroad running to Hooksett arrived in the late 1850s, followed by the Suncook Valley Railroad in 1869, which first ran to Pittsfield and to Center Barnstead.
Two railroad stations existed in Allenstown: one in Suncook village, along what is now Canal Street, the other in the northern part of town, along what is now Verville Road. Allenstown, at the junction of the Suncook and Merrimack Rivers, proved a prime location in which to harness the rivers' power for manufacturing; the China Mill, the only large textile mill built in the Allenstown part of Suncook, was built in 1868. At this time, a large number of French Canadians from Quebec, began emigrating to the area to work in the mills. Suncook became one of many New England industrial villages known to locals as "le petit Canada."In 2006, Allenstown was hit hard by the Mother's Day Flood. More than 10 inches of rainfall caused the Suncook River to overflow, inundating homes and other low-lying areas; as a result of the flood, 14 flood-prone homes in Allenstown were bought out with federal money and demolished in order to avoid more flooding and evacuations in the future. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 20.4 square miles, of which 20.3 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles is water, comprising 0.54% of the town.
The highest point in Allenstown is at 835 feet above sea level. Allenstown lies within the Merrimack River watershed. Allenstown is bordered to the north by Epsom, to the east by Deerfield in Rockingham County, at its southeast corner by Candia in Rockingham County, to the south by Hooksett, to the west across the Merrimack River by Bow, to the northwest across the Suncook River by Pembroke. Bear Brook State Park occupies 6,740 acres in the center of town, extending from the town's northern corner to its southern corner; as of the census of 2000, there were 4,843 people, 1,902 households, 1,253 families residing in the town. The population density was 235.9 people per square mile. There were 1,962 housing units at an average density of 95.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.83% White, 0.50% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.27% from other races, 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.18% of the population. There were 1,902 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.1% were non-families.
27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.06. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 34.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males. The median income for a household in the town was $41,958, the median income for a family was $51,659. Males had a median income of $35,520 versus $25,430 for females; the per capita income for the town was $18,851. About 2.2% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over. Bear Brook murders Town of Allenstown official website New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the United States. As of the 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita income, Human Development Index, median household income in the United States, it is bordered by Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, New York to the west, Long Island Sound to the south. Its capital is Hartford and its most populous city is Bridgeport, it is part of New England, although portions of it are grouped with New York and New Jersey as the Tri-state area. The state is named for the Connecticut River which bisects the state; the word "Connecticut" is derived from various anglicized spellings of an Algonquian word for "long tidal river". Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutchmen who established a small, short-lived settlement called Fort Hoop in Hartford at the confluence of the Park and Connecticut Rivers. Half of Connecticut was part of the Dutch colony New Netherland, which included much of the land between the Connecticut and Delaware Rivers, although the first major settlements were established in the 1630s by the English.
Thomas Hooker led a band of followers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded the Connecticut Colony. The Connecticut and New Haven colonies established documents of Fundamental Orders, considered the first constitutions in America. In 1662, the three colonies were merged under a royal charter; this was one of the Thirteen Colonies. Connecticut is the third smallest state by area, the 29th most populous, the fourth most densely populated of the 50 states, it is known as the "Constitution State", the "Nutmeg State", the "Provisions State", the "Land of Steady Habits". It was influential in the development of the federal government of the United States; the Connecticut River, Thames River, ports along Long Island Sound have given Connecticut a strong maritime tradition which continues today. The state has a long history of hosting the financial services industry, including insurance companies in Hartford and hedge funds in Fairfield County. Landmarks and cities of Connecticut Connecticut is bordered on the south by Long Island Sound, on the west by New York, on the north by Massachusetts, on the east by Rhode Island.
The state capital and fourth largest city is Hartford, other major cities and towns include Bridgeport, New Haven, Waterbury, Danbury, New Britain and Bristol. Connecticut is larger than the country of Montenegro. There are 169 incorporated towns in Connecticut; the highest peak in Connecticut is Bear Mountain in Salisbury in the northwest corner of the state. The highest point is just east of where Connecticut and New York meet, on the southern slope of Mount Frissell, whose peak lies nearby in Massachusetts. At the opposite extreme, many of the coastal towns have areas that are less than 20 feet above sea level. Connecticut has a long maritime history and a reputation based on that history—yet the state has no direct oceanfront; the coast of Connecticut sits on Long Island Sound, an estuary. The state's access to the open Atlantic Ocean is both to the east; this situation provides many safe harbors from ocean storms, many transatlantic ships seek anchor inside Long Island Sound when tropical cyclones pass off the upper East Coast.
The Connecticut River cuts through the center of the state. The most populous metropolitan region centered within the state lies in the Connecticut River Valley. Despite Connecticut's small size, it features wide regional variations in its landscape. Connecticut's rural areas and small towns in the northeast and northwest corners of the state contrast with its industrial cities such as Stamford and New Haven, located along the coastal highways from the New York border to New London northward up the Connecticut River to Hartford. Many towns in northeastern and northwestern Connecticut center around a green, such as the Litchfield Green, Lebanon Green, Wethersfield Green. Near the green stand historical visual symbols of New England towns, such as a white church, a colonial meeting house, a colonial tavern or inn, several colonial houses, so on, establishing a scenic historical appearance maintained for both historic preservation and tourism. Many of the areas in southern and coastal Connecticut have been built up and rebuilt over the years, look less visually like traditional New England.
The northern boundary of the state with Massachusetts is marked by the Southwick Jog or Granby Notch, an 2.5 miles square detour into Connecticut. The origin of this anomaly is established in a long line of disputes and temporary agreements which were concluded in 1804, when southern Southwick's residents sought to leave Massachusetts, the town was split in half; the southwestern border of Connecticut where it abuts New York State is marked by a panhandle in Fairfield County, containing the towns of Greenwich, New Canaan and parts of Norwalk and Wilton. This irregularity in the boundary is the result of territorial disputes in the late 17th century, culminating
Laconia, New Hampshire
Laconia is a city in Belknap County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 15,951 at the 2010 census, an estimated 16,464 as of 2017, it is the county seat of Belknap County. Laconia, situated between Lake Winnipesaukee and Winnisquam Lake, includes the villages of Lakeport and Weirs Beach; each June for nine days beginning on the Saturday of the weekend before Father's Day and ending on Father's Day, the city hosts Laconia Motorcycle Week more known as'bike week', one of the country's largest rallies, each winter, the Laconia World Championship Sled Dog Derby. The city is the site of the state's annual Pumpkin Festival since 2015, having organized it after its former home of Keene rejected it due to riots in their neighborhoods in 2014; the city includes one of the colleges of the Community College System of New Hampshire. A large Abenaki Indian settlement called Acquadocton Village once existed at the point now known as The Weirs, named by colonists for fishing weirs discovered at the outlet of the Winnipesaukee River.
Early explorers had hoped to follow the Piscataqua River north to Lake Champlain in search of the great lakes and rivers of Canada mentioned in Indian folklore. About 1652, the Endicott surveying party visited the area, an event commemorated by Endicott Rock, a local landmark. A fort would be built at Laconia in 1746, but ongoing hostilities between the English and their respective Native American allies prevented settlement until 1761, after which it remained for many years a part of Meredith and Gilford called Meredith Bridge. Beginning in 1765, lumber and grist mills were established on Mill Street, with taverns built soon thereafter on Parade Street. About 1822, the courthouse was built, which would become county seat at the creation of Belknap County in 1840. In 1823, the Belknap Mill was built to manufacture textiles. Local industry produced lumber, shoes, knitting machinery and needles, but the city's largest employer would be the Laconia Car Company, builder of rail and subway cars. Started in 1848, it lasted until the 1930s.
The railroad entered town in 1849, carrying both freight and an increasing number of summer tourists to popular Weirs Beach. In 1855, Laconia was incorporated as a town from land in Meredith Bridge, Lakeport and part of Gilmanton; the name was derived from the old Laconia Company, formed by Captain John Mason and the Masonian Proprietors to sell parcels of land during the colonial era. The Great Fire of 1860 destroyed most of Main Street from Mill to Water streets, followed by the Great Lakeport Fire of 1903, a blaze so fierce that fire companies were brought by train from as far away as Dover. Laconia was incorporated as a city in 1893. Laconia is located northwest of the geographic center of Belknap County; the city lies at the center of New Hampshire's Lakes Region, all or part of four major bodies of water lie within its limits: Lake Winnipesaukee, Winnisquam Lake, Opechee Bay and Paugus Bay. Laconia contains three main villages. Downtown Laconia, where the Belknap County Courthouse is located, can be found in the southern tip of the city, along the Winnipesaukee River between Opechee Bay to the north and Winnisquam Lake to the southwest.
Lakeport, located between Opeechee Bay and Paugus Bay, is near the geographic center of the city. Weirs Beach, around the channel connecting Paugus Bay with Lake Winnipesaukee, lies at the northern edge of the city. U. S. Route 3 passes through parts of the city, passing through Weirs Beach. New Hampshire Route 11 bypasses the city in a concurrency with US 3; the two highways lead southwest from Laconia to Franklin. New Hampshire Route 11A represents the old routes 11 and 3 through downtown as Court Street and Union Avenue, but turns east on Gilford Avenue to lead to Gilford and West Alton. New Hampshire Route 106 runs north-south through downtown, leading south to Concord and north to Meredith. New Hampshire Route 107 leads southeast from downtown towards Pittsfield. Route 107 turns north in downtown and follows Union Avenue to a junction with US 3 near the north end of the Laconia Bypass. US 3 continues north through Weirs Beach and into Meredith. Route 11 leads east into Alton. New Hampshire Route 11B leads east from Weirs Beach into Gilford.
Laconia Municipal Airport is located just east of the city limits in Gilford. A walking trail called the W. O. W. Trail links several parts of the city, following the railroad tracks from Winnisquam Lake, skirting the downtown area, running to Lakeport. Plans to extend the trail to Weirs Beach have been contested by residents in private communities abutting the railway. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.6 square miles, of which 20.0 square miles are land and 6.5 square miles are water, comprising 24.54% of the city. Laconia is drained by the Winnipesaukee River, it is bounded in the southwest by Winnisquam Lake, by Lake Winnipesaukee in the northeast. Laconia lies within the Merrimack River watershed; the highest point in Laconia is a 960-foot hill in the northern part of the city, west of Paugus Bay's Pickerel Cove and just east of Route 106. As of the census of 2000, there were 16,411 people, 6,724 households, 4,168 families residing in the city; the population density was 809.3 people per square mile.
There were 8,554
Bedford, New Hampshire
Bedford is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 21,203 at the 2010 census and an estimated 22,458 in 2017. Bedford is a suburb of the largest city in the state of New Hampshire. In 1733, Massachusetts established Bedford as "Narragansett, No. 5" for the benefit of soldiers who fought against the Narragansett Indians in Rhode Island. The area was known as "Souhegan East"; the settlement was incorporated as Bedford in 1750, was named for Lord Russell, the Fourth Duke of Bedford. Lord Russell was the Secretary of State for the Southern Department from 1748-1751 and a close friend of Governor Benning Wentworth, whose first wife, Diana Spencer, was cousin to the Duke of Marlborough; the first settlers in Bedford were Robert and James Walker III. A monument dated 1737 stands on what is now known as Station Road. Bedford's first moderator was Mayor John Goffe, son of Colonel John Goffe, for whom Goffstown was named. In 1874, Bedford was served by Concord Railroad, service by the Manchester and Ashburnham Railroad was being planned.
Like much of southeastern New Hampshire, Bedford has grown over the last fifty years. The 2000 population of 18,274 was over eight times the population in 1950 of 2,176; every decade has had a substantial rate of growth, ranging from 33 percent between 1980–1990 to a 67 percent increase between 1950-60. The 2005 population estimate by the New Hampshire Office of Energy and Planning was 20,738 residents, which ranked 13th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 33.1 square miles, of which 32.8 sq mi is land and 0.3 sq mi is water, comprising 0.85% of the town. The largest body of water other than the Merrimack River is Sebbins Pond, connected to smaller, neighboring bodies of water by Sebbins Brook. Bedford is bordered by the town of Goffstown and the city of Manchester to the north, by Manchester to the east across the Merrimack River, by the town of Merrimack to the south, by the towns of Amherst and New Boston to the west.
A rock formation called Pulpit Rock is located in the northwest part of the town on New Boston Road and is the feature of the town-owned Pulpit Rock Conservation Area. The highest point in Bedford is Holbrook Hill, at 845 feet above sea level, located in the extreme northwest corner of town. Bedford lies within the Merrimack River watershed. Two major highways run through Bedford; the Everett Turnpike runs north-south, Route 101 runs east-west. The segment of the Everett Turnpike north of NH 101 and the segment of NH 101 east of the Everett Turnpike are designated Interstate 293; the portion of Route 101 in eastern Bedford is a freeway, while the majority of the route through Bedford and to the west is a surface road. US 3 and Route 114 run through Bedford. Manchester-Boston Regional Airport is one town away, in Manchester; as of the census of 2010, there were 21,203 people, 7,364 households, 5,834 families residing in the town. The population density was 646.4 people per square mile. There were 7,634 housing units at an average density of 232.7 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the town was 94.5% White, 0.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 2.9% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from some other race, 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population. There were 7,364 households out of which 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.8% were headed by married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.8% were non-families. 16.5% of all households were made up of individuals, 7.6% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.19. In the town, the age distribution of the population shows 28.6% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 21.4% from 25 to 44, 31.7% from 45 to 64, 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males. For the period 2006–2010, the median income for a household in the town was $116,299, the median income for a family was $127,589.
Full-time male workers had median earnings of $99,366 versus $53,286 for females. The per capita income for the town was $50,952. About 2.7% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 1.0% of those age 65 or over. Bedford had the fifth highest average personal income in the state between 2006 and 2010. There are six schools in Bedford: Memorial, Peter Woodbury and Riddle Brook are neighborhood elementary schools and accommodate grades K through 4. McKelvie Intermediate School accommodates grades 5 and 6. In 2007, Ross A. Lurgio Middle School and Bedford High School opened. Ross A. Lurgio Middle School and Bedford High School comprise; this was done to support economies of scale, but they operate as separate schools with different entrances, bus schedules, start times and end times. Additionally, key-controlled access is required to move between schools. A small number of athletic fields on the campus of Saint Anselm College are located in Bedford.
Silas Aiken and author David Atwood, newspaperman and U. S. congressman from Wisconsin.