Glenn Davis (halfback)
Glenn Woodward Davis was a professional American football player for the Los Angeles Rams. He is best known for his college football career for the United States Military Academy at West Point from 1943 to 1946, where he was known as "Mr. Outside." He was named a consensus All-American three times, in 1946 won the Heisman Trophy and was named Sporting News Player of the Year and Associated Press Athlete of the Year. Davis was raised in Southern California, the son of a bank manager. Glenn and his twin brother Ralph played high school football at Bonita High School in La Verne, California. In 1942, Davis led the Bearcats to an 11–0 record and the school's first-ever football championship, earning the Southern Section Player of the Year award. In 1989, Bonita High's stadium was dedicated in his name; the brothers were close and had planned to attend USC in Los Angeles, but when their U. S. Representative agreed to sponsor them with appointments to West Point, they decided to go there. At West Point, under coach Earl Blaik, Davis played fullback in his freshman season.
Blaik moved him to halfback for his three varsity seasons, while Doc Blanchard took over at fullback. With Davis and Blanchard, Army went 27–0–1 in 1944, 1945, 1946. Davis was nicknamed "Mr. Outside", while Blanchard was "Mr. Inside". Davis averaged 8.3 yards per carry over his career and 11.5 yards per carry in 1945. Davis led the nation in 1944 with 120 points, he scored 59 touchdowns, in his career. His single-season mark of 20 touchdowns stood as a record for 10 years. Blanchard and he set a then-record 97 career touchdowns by two teammates. In 2007, Davis was ranked #13 on ESPN's list of Top 25 Players in College Football History. For all three varsity years at West Point, Davis was a "consensus" All-America player. In 1944, he won the Maxwell Award and the Walter Camp Trophy, was runner-up for the Heisman Trophy. In 1945, he was again runner-up for the Heisman. In 1946, he was named the Associated Press Male Athlete of the Year. In 1961, Davis was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame.
Davis starred in baseball and track at West Point. Davis graduated from West Point in June 1947 and entered the U. S. Army as a second lieutenant, he was offered a contract and $75,000 signing bonus by the Brooklyn Dodgers, but declined, as he was required to serve in the Army and would be a old rookie after that. In spite of Davis' service obligation, the Detroit Lions of the National Football League selected Davis with the second overall pick of the 1947 NFL Draft, held in December 1946. In September 1947, the Los Angeles Rams acquired the rights to Davis from the Lions, he applied to resign his commission in December, but was refused by the Secretary of the Army Kenneth Royall. Davis was denied extended furloughs or other accommodations that might allow him to play football while serving in the Army. There was public feeling that after the expense of his West Point education, he should not just go off to play football. Davis did earn $25,000 each by appearing in the low-budget movie Spirit of West Point.
Davis tore a ligament in his right knee during filming. Davis served three years in the Army. While on leave in 1948, he played in a preseason game, he reported for duty in Korea. Davis' service obligation ended in 1950, he joined the Rams for their 1950 season. Despite his knee injury, Davis was an effective player, was named to the 1950 Pro Bowl, but in 1951, he injured his knee again, he was out for the 1952 season. In September 1953, the Rams released him. Davis returned to California a few years later, he became special events director for the Los Angeles Times and directing the newspaper's charity fundraising events. He held this job until his retirement in 1987; the Times gives the annual Glenn Davis Award in his honor. Davis was married three times. In 1948, he dated actress Elizabeth Taylor. From 1951 to 1952 he was married to film actress Terry Moore. In 1953, Davis married Ellen Slack, they had Ralph. In 1996, Davis married Yvonne Ameche, widow of NFL star and fellow Heisman Trophy Winner Alan Ameche.
Davis was survived by his wife Yvonne, his son, a stepson, John Slack III. Davis died of prostate cancer at La Quinta, California, at age 80 on March 9, 2005, he is interred in West Point Cemetery. List of NCAA major college football yearly scoring leaders Glenn Davis at the College Football Hall of Fame Glenn Davis at the Heisman Trophy official website Glenn Davis at Find a Grave Career statistics and player information from NFL.com · Pro-Football-Reference ·
Joseph Paul DiMaggio, nicknamed "Joltin' Joe" and "The Yankee Clipper", was an American baseball center fielder who played his entire 13-year career in Major League Baseball for the New York Yankees. Born to Italian immigrants in California, he is considered one of the greatest baseball players of all time, is best known for his 56-game hitting streak, a record that still stands. DiMaggio was a three-time Most Valuable Player Award winner and an All-Star in each of his 13 seasons. During his tenure with the Yankees, the club won ten American League pennants and nine World Series championships. At the time of his retirement after the 1951 season, he ranked fifth in career home runs and sixth in career slugging percentage, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1955 and was voted the sport's greatest living player in a poll taken during the baseball centennial year of 1969. His brothers Vince and Dom were major league center fielders. DiMaggio is known for his marriage and lifelong devotion to Marilyn Monroe.
Joseph Paul DiMaggio was born on November 25, 1914, in Martinez, the sixth of seven children born to Italian immigrants Giuseppe and Rosalia DiMaggio, from Isola delle Femmine, Sicily. He was named Paolo after Saint Paul. Giuseppe was a fisherman. According to statements from Joe's brother Tom to biographer Maury Allen, Rosalia's father wrote to her with the advice that Giuseppe could earn a better living in California than in their native Isola delle Femmine, a northwestern Sicilian village in the province of Palermo. After being processed on Ellis Island, Giuseppe worked his way across America settling near Rosalia's father in Pittsburg, California, on the east side of the San Francisco Bay Area. After four years, he earned enough money to send to Italy for Rosalia and their daughter, born after he had left for the United States. Giuseppe hoped. DiMaggio recalled that he would do anything to get out of cleaning his father's boat, as the smell of dead fish nauseated him. Giuseppe called him "lazy" and "good-for-nothing."
DiMaggio did not finish his education at Galileo High School and instead worked odd jobs including hawking newspapers, stacking boxes at a warehouse and working at an orange juice plant. DiMaggio was playing semi-pro ball when older brother Vince, playing for the San Francisco Seals of the Pacific Coast League, talked his manager into letting DiMaggio fill in at shortstop. Joe DiMaggio made his professional debut on October 1, 1932. From May 27 to July 25, 1933, he hit safely in 61 consecutive games, a PCL-record, second-longest in all of Minor League Baseball history. "Baseball didn't get into my blood until I knocked off that hitting streak," he said. "Getting a daily hit became more important to me than eating, drinking or sleeping." In 1934, DiMaggio suffered a career-threatening knee injury when he tore ligaments while stepping out of a jitney. Scout Bill Essick of the New York Yankees, convinced that the injury would heal, pestered his club to give him another look. After DiMaggio passed a physical examination in November, the Yankees purchased his contract for $50,000 and five players.
He remained with the Seals for the 1935 season and batted.398 with 154 runs batted in and 34 home runs. His team won the 1935 PCL title, DiMaggio was named the league's Most Valuable Player. DiMaggio made his major league debut on May 1936, batting ahead of Lou Gehrig in the lineup; the Yankees had not been to the World Series since 1932. Over the course of his 13-year Major League career, DiMaggio led the Yankees to 9 World Series championships, where he trails only Yogi Berra in that category. DiMaggio set a franchise record for rookies in 1936 by hitting 29 home runs. DiMaggio accomplished the feat in 138 games, his record stood for over 80 years until it was shattered by Aaron Judge, who tallied 52 round trippers in 2017. In 1939, DiMaggio was nicknamed the "Yankee Clipper" by Yankee's stadium announcer Arch McDonald, when he likened DiMaggio's speed and range in the outfield to the then-new Pan American airliner. DiMaggio was pictured with his son on the cover of the inaugural issue of SPORT magazine in September 1946.
In 1947, Boston Red Sox owner Tom Yawkey and Yankees GM Larry MacPhail verbally agreed to trade DiMaggio for Ted Williams, but MacPhail refused to include Yogi Berra. In the September 1949 issue of SPORT, Hank Greenberg said that DiMaggio covered so much ground in center field that the only way to get a hit against the Yankees was "to hit'em where Joe wasn't." DiMaggio stole home five times in his career. On February 7, 1949, DiMaggio signed a contract worth $100,000, became the first baseball player to break $100,000 in earnings. By 1950, he was ranked the second-best center fielder after Larry Doby. After a poor 1951 season, various injuries, a scouting report by the Brooklyn Dodgers, turned over to the New York Giants and leaked to the press, DiMaggio announced his retirement at age 37 on December 11, 1951; when remarking on his retirement to the Sporting News on December 19, 1951, he said: I feel like I have reached the stage where I can no longer produce for my club, my manager, my teammates.
I had a poor year, but if I had hit.350, this would have been my last year. I was full of aches and pains and it had become a chore for me to play; when baseball is no longer fun, it's no longer a game, so, I've played my last game. Through May 20
Babe Didrikson Zaharias
Mildred Ella "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias was an American athlete who excelled in golf, basketball and track and field. She won two gold medals in track and field at the 1932 Summer Olympics, before turning to professional golf and winning 10 LPGA major championships, she is regarded as one of the greatest female athletes of all time. Mildred Ella Didrikson was born on June 26, 1911, the sixth of seven children, in the coastal city of Port Arthur, Texas, her mother and her father, Ole Didriksen, were immigrants from Norway. Although her three eldest siblings were born in Norway and her three other siblings were born in Port Arthur, she changed the spelling of her surname from Didriksen to Didrikson. She moved with her family to 850 Doucette in Beaumont, Texas, at age 4, she claimed to have acquired the nickname "Babe" upon hitting five home runs in a childhood baseball game, but her Norwegian mother had called her "Bebe" from the time she was a toddler. Though best known for her athletic gifts, Didrikson had many talents.
She competed in sewing. An excellent seamstress, she made many of her clothes, including her golfing outfits, she claimed to have won the sewing championship at the 1931 State Fair of Texas in Dallas. She attended Beaumont High School. Never a strong student, she was forced to repeat the eighth grade and was a year older than her classmates, she dropped out without graduating after she moved to Dallas to play basketball. She was recorded several songs on the Mercury Records label, her biggest seller was "I Felt a Little Teardrop" with "Detour" on the flip side. Famous as Babe Didrikson, she married George Zaharias, a professional wrestler, in St. Louis, Missouri, on December 23, 1938. Thereafter, she was known as Babe Didrikson Zaharias or Babe Zaharias; the two met. George Zaharias, a Greek American, was a native of Colorado. Called the "Crying Greek from Cripple Creek," Zaharias did some part-time acting, appearing in the 1952 movie Pat and Mike; the Zahariases had no children. They were rebuffed by authorities.
Didrikson gained world fame in All-American status in basketball. She played organized baseball and softball and was an expert diver, roller-skater, bowler. Didrikson's first job after high school was as a secretary for the Employers' Casualty Insurance Company of Dallas, though she was employed only in order to play basketball as an amateur on the company's "industrial team", the Golden Cyclones; as a side note, the competition was governed by the Amateur Athletic Union. Despite leading the team to an AAU Basketball Championship in 1931, Didrikson had first achieved wider attention as a track and field athlete. Representing her company in the 1932 AAU Championships, she competed in eight out of ten events, winning five outright, tying for first in a sixth. Didrikson's performances were enough to win the team championship, despite her being the sole member of her team. Didrikson set four world records, winning two gold medals and one silver medal for track and field in the 1932 Los Angeles Olympics.
In the 80-meter hurdles, she equaled the world record of 11.8 seconds in her opening heat. In the final, she broke her record with an 11.7 clocking. In the javelin, she won gold with an Olympic record throw of 43.69 meters. In the high jump, she took silver with a world record-tying leap of 1.657 metres. Fellow American Jean Shiley jumped 1.657 metres, the pair tied in a jump-off when the bar was raised to 1.67 metres. Shiley was awarded the gold. Didrikson is the only track and field athlete, male or female, to win individual Olympic medals in a running and jumping event. In the following years, she performed on the vaudeville circuit, traveled with teams like Babe Didrikson's All-Americans basketball team and the bearded House of David team. Didrikson was a competitive pocket billiards player, though not a champion, she was noted in the January 1933 press for playing a multi-day straight pool match in New York City against famed female cueist Ruth McGinnis. By 1935, Didrikson began to play a latecomer to the sport in which she became best known.
Shortly thereafter, she was denied amateur status, so, in January 1938, she competed in the Los Angeles Open, a PGA tournament. No other woman competed against men in this tournament until Annika Sörenstam, Suzy Whaley, Michelle Wie and Brittany Lincicome six decades later, she shot 81 and 84, missed the cut. In the tournament, she was teamed with George Zaharias, they were married eleven months and settled in Tampa, Florida, on the premises of a golf course that they purchased in 1951. Didrikson became America's first female golf celebrity and the leading player of the 1940s and early 1950s. In order to regain amateur status in the sport, she could compete in no other sports for three years, she gained back her amateur status in 1942. In 1945, she had participated in three more PGA Tour events, missing the second cut of the first of them, making the cut of the other two. Zaharias won the 1946 U. S. Women's Amateur and the 1947 British Ladies Amateur – the first American to do so – and three Women's Western Opens.
Having formally turned professional in 1947, Didrikson dominated the Women's Professional Golf Association and the Ladies Professional Golf Association, of which sh
John Donald Budge was an American tennis player. He was a World No. 1 player for five years, first as an amateur and as a professional. He is most famous as the first player, male or female, only American male to win in a single year the four tournaments that comprise the Grand Slam of tennis and second male player to win all four Grand Slam events in his career after Fred Perry, is still the youngest to achieve that feat, he won 10 majors, of which six were Grand Slam events and four Pro Slams, the latter achieved on three different surfaces. Budge was considered to have the best backhand in the history of tennis, at least until the emergence of Ken Rosewall in the 1950s and 1960s, although most observers rated Budge's backhand the stronger of the two. Budge was born in Oakland, the son of Scottish immigrant and former soccer player John "Jack" Budge, his father had played several matches for the Rangers reserve team before emigrating to the United States, Pearl Kincaid Budge. Growing up, he played a variety of sports before taking up tennis.
He was tall and slim and his height would help what is still considered one of the most powerful serves of all time. Budge studied at the University of California, Berkeley in late 1933 but left to play tennis with the U. S. Davis Cup auxiliary team. Accustomed to hard-court surfaces in his native California, he had difficulty playing on the grass surfaces in the east. However, a good instructor and hard work changed that, in both 1937 and 1938 he swept Wimbledon, winning the singles, the men's doubles title with Gene Mako, the mixed doubles crown with Alice Marble, a feat which he repeated at the 1938 US Championships. Budge became the first man in history to have achieved the "Triple Crown" at a Grand Slam event three times, eclipsing Bill Tilden who won consecutive Triple Crowns at the U. S. Championships, he gained the most fame for his match that year against Gottfried von Cramm in the Davis Cup inter-zone finals against Germany. Trailing 1–4 in the final set, he came back to win 8–6, his victory allowed the United States to advance and to win the Davis Cup for the first time in 12 years.
For his efforts, he was named Associated Press Male Athlete of the Year and he became the first tennis player to be voted the James E. Sullivan Award as America's top amateur athlete. In 1938 Budge dominated amateur tennis, defeating John Bromwich in the Australian final, Roderick Menzel in the French final, Henry "Bunny" Austin at Wimbledon, where he never lost a set, Gene Mako in the U. S. final, to become the first person to win the Grand Slam in tennis. He is the youngest man in history to complete the career Grand Slam, he completed that on June 1938 in winning the French singles, two days before his 23rd birthday. Budge turned professional in October 1938, after winning the Grand Slam, thereafter played head-to-head matches. In 1939 he beat the two reigning kings of professional tennis, Ellsworth Vines, 22 matches to 17, Fred Perry, 28 matches to 8; that year he won two major pro tournaments, the French Pro Championship over Vines and the Wembley Pro tournament over Hans Nüsslein. There was no professional tour in 1940 but seven principal tournaments.
Budge kept his world crown by winning 4 of these events including the greatest one, the United States Pro Championship. In 1941 Budge played another major tour beating the 48-year-old Bill Tilden, the final outcome being 46–7 plus 1 tie. In 1942 Budge won both his last major tour over Bobby Riggs, Frank Kovacs and Les Stoefen and for a second time the U. S. Pro, crushing Riggs 6–2, 6–2, 6–2 in the final. In 1942 Budge joined the United States Army Air Force to serve in World War II. At the beginning of 1943 in an obstacle course he tore a muscle in his shoulder. In his book'A Tennis Memoir' page 144 he said: The tear didn't heal, the scar tissue, formed complicated the injury and made it serious. Nevertheless... I was able to carry on with my military duties... as long as two years afterwards, in the spring of'45, I was given a full month's medical leave so that I could go to Berkeley and have an osteopath, Dr. J. LeRoy Near, work with me; this permanently hindered his playing abilities. During his wartime duty he played some exhibitions for the troops in particular during the summer 1945 with the war winding down, Budge played in a U.
S Army – U. S. Navy competition under the Davis Cup format: the main confrontations were the Budge-Riggs meetings knowing that both Americans were the best players in the world in 1942 just before being enlisted in the U. S. Armed Forces and again when they came back to the professional circuit in 1945. In the first match, on the island of Guam, Budge trounced Riggs 6–2 6–2. On the island of Peleliu Budge won again 6–4 7–5. Riggs won the next two matches against Budge 6–1 6–1 and 6–3, 4–6, 6–1. Budge confided in Parker his disbelief at losing two matches in a row to Riggs. In the fifth and final match on the island of Tinian, scheduled for the first week of August 1945, Riggs defeated Budge 6–8 6–1 8–6; this was the first time Budge had been beaten by Riggs in a series thereby giving Riggs an important psychological edge in their forthcoming peacetime tours. After the war Budge played for a few years against Riggs. In 1946 Budge lost narrowly to Riggs in their U. S. tour, 24 matches to 22. The hierarchy was confirmed at the U.
S. Pro, held at Forest Hills where Riggs defeated Budge in the last round. Next
Gloria Callen, was a backstroke swimmer from the United States. She was the 1942 Associated Press Athlete of the Year. "Glamorous" Gloria Marie Callen was born in 1923. She married Herbert Erskine Jones Jr. in 1944. Gloria Callen set 35 American records and one world record in swimming, won 13 American championships. Due to World War II, she was never able to compete in world championships or Olympic Games though she qualified for the 1940 Olympic Games, she quit swimming when she went to college at Barnard College and joined the American Women's Voluntary Services. Gloria Callen was one in a row of glamorous swimming champions, was voted one of America's 13 best-dressed women by the New York's Fashion Academy. 1942: Associated Press Athlete of the Year 1976: inducted in the Rockland County Sports Hall of Fame 1984: International Swimming Hall of Fame Honor Swimmer
Jay Hanna "Dizzy" Dean known as Jerome Herman Dean, was an American professional baseball pitcher. During Dean’s Major League Baseball career, he played for the St. Louis Cardinals, Chicago Cubs, St. Louis Browns. A brash and colorful personality, he was the last National League pitcher to win 30 games in one season. After his playing career, “Ol’ Diz” became a popular television sports commentator. Dean was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1953; when the Cardinals reopened the team Hall of Fame in 2014, Dean was inducted among the inaugural class. Born on January 16, 1910 in Lucas, Ark. Dean attended public school only through second grade, his colorful personality and eccentric behavior earned him the nickname "Dizzy". He made his professional debut in 1930 and worked his way up to the major leagues that same year, throwing a complete game three-hitter for the Cardinals. Dean was best known for winning 30 games in the 1934 season while leading the 1934 "Gashouse Gang" St. Louis team to the National League pennant and the World Series win over the Detroit Tigers.
He had a 30–7 record with a 2.66 ERA during the regular season. His brother, was on the team, with a record of 19-11, was nicknamed "Daffy", although this was only done for press consumption. Though "Diz" sometimes called his brother "Daf", he referred to himself and his brother as "Me an' Paul". Continuing the theme, the team included Joe "Ducky" Medwick; the Gashouse Gang was the southernmost and westernmost team in the major leagues at the time, became a de facto "America's Team." Team members Southerners such as the Dean brothers and Pepper Martin, became folk heroes in the Depression-ravaged United States. Americans saw in these players and hustling rather than handsome and graceful, a spirit of hard work and perseverance, as opposed to the haughty paid New York Giants, whom the Cardinals chased for the National League pennant. Much like sports legends Joe Namath and Muhammad Ali, Dizzy liked to brag about his prowess and make public predictions. In 1934, Dizzy predicted, "Me an' Paul are gonna win 45 games."
On September 21, Diz pitched no-hit ball for eight innings against the Brooklyn Dodgers, finishing with a three-hit shutout in the first game of a doubleheader, his 27th win of the season. Paul threw a no-hitter in the nightcap, to win his 18th, matching the 45 that Diz had predicted. "Gee, Paul", Diz was heard to say in the locker room afterward, "if I'd a-known you was gonna throw a no-hitter, I'd a-throw'ed one too!" On May 5, 1937, he bet. He struck him out his first three at-bats, but when DiMaggio hit a popup behind the plate at his fourth, Dean screamed at his catcher, "Drop it!, Drop it!" The catcher did and Dean fanned DiMaggio, winning the bet. Few in the press now doubted Diz's boast, as he was fond of saying, "If ya done it, it ain't braggin'." Diz finished with 30 wins, the only NL pitcher to do so in the post-1920 live-ball era, Paul finished with 19, for a total of 49. The Cards needed them all to edge the Giants for the pennant, setting up a matchup with the American League champion Detroit Tigers.
After the season, Dizzy Dean was awarded the National League's Most Valuable Player Award. Dean was known for antics. In time, perception became reality. In Game 4 of the 1934 World Series against the Detroit Tigers, Dean was sent to first base as a pinch runner; the next batter hit a potential double play groundball. Intent on avoiding the double play, Dean threw himself in front of the throw to first; the ball struck him on the head, Dean was knocked unconscious and taken to a hospital. The storied sports-section headline the next day said, "X-ray of Dean's head reveals nothing." The St. Louis Post-Dispatch and the Detroit Free Press stated that the X-rays "revealed no lasting injury". However, Dean was reported saying. Although the Tigers went on to win the game 10-4, Dean recovered in time to pitch in Game 5 which he lost. After the Cardinals won Game 6, Dean came back and pitched a complete game shutout in Game 7 to win the game and the Series for the Cardinals. In the World Series the Dean brothers accounted with two each, of the Cardinals wins.
While pitching for the NL in the 1937 All-Star Game, Dean faced Earl Averill of the American League Cleveland Indians. Averill hit a line drive back at the mound. Told that his big toe was fractured, Dean responded, "Fractured, the damn thing's broken!" Coming back too soon from the injury, Dean changed his pitching motion to avoid landing as hard on his sore toe enough to affect his mechanics. As a result, he hurt his arm. By 1938, Dean's arm was gone. Nonetheless, Chicago Cubs scout Clarence "Pants" Rowland was given the unenviable job of obeying owner P. K. Wrigley's order to buy the washed-up Dizzy Dean's contract at any cost. Rowland signed the ragged righty for $185,000, one of the most expensive loss-leader contracts in baseball history. Dean helped; the Cubs had been in third place, six games behind the first place Pittsburgh Pirates led by Pie Traynor. By September 27, with one week left in the season, the Cubs had battled back to within a game and a half game of the Pirates in the National League standings as the two teams met for a crucial three-game series.
Dean pitched the opening game of the series and with an ailing arm, relied more on his experience and grit to defeat the Pirates by a score of 2 to 1. Dean would call it the greatest outing of his career; the victory cut the Pirates'
James Cleveland "Jesse" Owens was an American track and field athlete and four-time gold medalist in the 1936 Olympic Games. Owens specialized in the sprints and the long jump, was recognized in his lifetime as "perhaps the greatest and most famous athlete in track and field history", he set three world records and tied another, all in less than an hour at the 1935 Big Ten track meet in Ann Arbor, Michigan—a feat that has never been equaled and has been called "the greatest 45 minutes in sport". He achieved international fame at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany by winning four gold medals: 100 meters, 200 meters, long jump, 4 × 100 meter relay, he was the most successful athlete at the Games and, as a black man, was credited with "single-handedly crushing Hitler's myth of Aryan supremacy", although he "wasn't invited to the White House to shake hands with the President, either". The Jesse Owens Award is USA Track and Field's highest accolade for the year's best track and field athlete.
Owens was ranked by ESPN as the sixth greatest North American athlete of the 20th century and the highest-ranked in his sport. In 1999, he was on the six-man short-list for the BBC's Sports Personality of the Century. Jesse Owens known as J. C. was the youngest of ten children born to Henry Cleveland Owens and Mary Emma Fitzgerald in Oakville, Alabama, on September 12, 1913. At the age of nine, he and his family moved to Cleveland, for better opportunities, as part of the Great Migration, when 1.5 million African Americans left the segregated South for the urban and industrial North. When his new teacher asked his name, he said "J. C.", but because of his strong Southern accent, she thought he said "Jesse". The name stuck, he was known as Jesse Owens for the rest of his life; as a youth, Owens took different menial jobs in his spare time: He delivered groceries, loaded freight cars and worked in a shoe repair shop while his father and older brother worked at a steel mill. During this period, Owens realized.
Throughout his life, Owens attributed the success of his athletic career to the encouragement of Charles Riley, his junior high school track coach at Fairmount Junior High School. Since Owens worked in a shoe repair shop after school, Riley allowed him to practice before school instead. Owens and Minnie Ruth Solomon met at Fairmont Junior High School in Cleveland when he was 15 and she was 13, they dated through high school. Ruth gave birth to their first daughter, Gloria, in 1932, they married on July 5, 1935 and had two more daughters together—Marlene, born in 1937, Beverly, born in 1940. They remained married until his death in 1980. Owens first came to national attention when he was a student of East Technical High School in Cleveland. Owens attended Ohio State University after his father found employment, which ensured that the family could be supported. Affectionately known as the "Buckeye Bullet" and under the coaching of Larry Snyder, Owens won a record eight individual NCAA championships, four each in 1935 and 1936.
Though Owens enjoyed athletic success, he had to live off campus with other African-American athletes. When he traveled with the team, Owens was restricted to ordering carry-out or eating at "blacks-only" restaurants, he had to stay at "blacks-only" hotels. Owens did not receive a scholarship for his efforts, so he continued to work part-time jobs to pay for school. Owens achieved track and field immortality in a span of 45 minutes on May 25, 1935, during the Big Ten meet at Ferry Field in Ann Arbor, where he set three world records and tied a fourth, he equaled the world record for the 100-yard dash, set world records in the long jump. Both 220 yard records may have beaten the metric records for 200 meters, which would count as two additional world records from the same performances. In 2005, University of Central Florida professor of sports history Richard C. Crepeau chose these wins on one day as the most impressive athletic achievement since 1850. On December 4, 1935, NAACP Secretary Walter Francis White wrote a letter to Owens, although he never sent it.
He was trying to dissuade Owens from taking part in the Olympics on the grounds that an African-American should not promote a racist regime after what his race had suffered at the hands of white racists in his own country. In the months prior to the Games, a movement gained momentum in favor of a boycott. Owens was convinced by the NAACP to declare "If there are minorities in Germany who are being discriminated against, the United States should withdraw from the 1936 Olympics." Yet he and others took part after Avery Brundage, president of the American Olympic Committee branded them "un-American agitators". In 1936, Owens and his United States teammates sailed on the SS Manhattan and arrived in Germany to compete at the Summer Olympics in Berlin. Owens arrived at the new Olympic stadium to a throng of fans, according to fellow American sprinter James LuValle, many of them young girls yelling "Wo ist Jesse? Wo ist Jesse?" Owens's success at th