UEFA Euro 2016
The 2016 UEFA European Championship referred to as UEFA Euro 2016 or Euro 2016, was the 15th UEFA European Championship, the quadrennial international men's football championship of Europe organised by UEFA. It was held in France from 10 June to 10 July 2016. Spain were the two-time defending champions, having won the 2008 and 2012 tournaments, but were eliminated in the round of 16 by Italy. Portugal won the tournament for the first time, following a 1–0 victory after extra time over the host team, France, in the final played at the Stade de France. For the first time, the European Championship final tournament was contested by 24 teams, having been expanded from the 16-team format used since 1996. Under the new format, the finalists contested a group stage consisting of six groups of four teams, followed by a knockout phase including three rounds and the final. Nineteen teams – the top two from each of the nine qualifying groups and the best third-placed team – joined France in the final tournament, who qualified automatically as host.
France was chosen as the host nation on 28 May 2010, after a bidding process in which they beat Italy and Turkey for the right to host the 2016 finals. The matches were played in ten stadiums in ten cities: Bordeaux, Lille Métropole, Décines-Charpieu, Nice, Saint-Denis, Saint-Étienne, Toulouse, it was the third time that France hosted the finals, after the inaugural tournament in 1960 and the 1984 finals. As the winners, Portugal earned the right to compete at the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup in Russia. Four bids came before the deadline on 9 March 2009. France and Turkey put in single bids while Norway and Sweden put in a joint bid. Norway and Sweden withdrew their bid in December 2009; the host was selected on 28 May 2010. Round 1: Each of the thirteen members of the UEFA Executive Committee ranked the 3 bids first and third. First place ranking received 5 points, second place 2 points, third place 1 point. Executive members from the countries bidding were not allowed to vote. Round 2: The same thirteen-member committee voted for either of the two finalists.
The qualifying draw took place at the Palais des Congrès Acropolis in Nice, on 23 February 2014, with the first matches being played in September 2014.53 teams competed for 23 places in the final tournament to join France, who automatically qualified as hosts. Gibraltar competed in a European Championship qualifying for the first time since their affiliation to UEFA in 2013; the seeding pots were formed on the basis of the UEFA national team coefficients, with the Euro 2012 champions Spain and hosts France automatically top seeded. The 53 national sides were drawn into one group of five teams; the group winners, runners-up, the best third-placed team qualify directly for the final tournament. The remaining eight third-placed teams contested two-legged play-offs to determine the last four qualifiers. In March 2012, Gianni Infantino, the UEFA general secretary at the time, stated that UEFA would review the qualification competition to ensure that it was not "boring". In September 2011, during UEFA's first full strategy meeting, Michel Platini proposed a qualification format involving two group stages, but the member associations did not accept the proposal.
In May 2013, Platini confirmed a similar qualifying format would be again discussed during the September 2013 UEFA executive committee meeting in Dubrovnik. Thirteen of the sixteen teams that qualified for Euro 2012 qualified again for the 2016 final tournament. Among them were England, who became only the sixth team to record a flawless qualifying campaign, defending European champions Spain, world champions Germany, who qualified for their 12th straight European Championship finals. Romania, Turkey and Switzerland all returned after missing out in 2012, with the Austrians qualifying for just their second final Euro tournament, after having co-hosted Euro 2008. Returning to the final tournament after long absences were Belgium for the first time since co-hosting Euro 2000, Hungary for the first time in 44 years, having last appeared at Euro 1972, 30 years since appearing in a major tournament, their previous one being the 1986 FIFA World Cup. Five teams secured their first-ever qualification to a UEFA European Championship final tournament: Albania, Northern Ireland and Wales.
Northern Ireland and Wales had each competed in the FIFA World Cup, while Albania and Iceland had never participated in a major tournament. Both Austria and Ukraine completed successful qualification campaigns for the first time, having only qualified as hosts. Scotland were the only team from the British Isles not to qualify for the finals, 2004 champions Greece finished bottom in their group and failed to qualify for the first time since 2000. Two other previous champions, the Netherlands and Denmark, missed out on the finals; the Dutch team failed to qualify for the first time since Euro 1984, missing out on their first major tournament since the 2002 FIFA World Cup and only 16 months after having finished third at the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Denmark did not appear at the Euro finals for the first time since 2008, after losing in the play-off round against Sweden; the draw for the finals took place at the Palais des Congrès de la Porte Maillot in Paris on 12 December 2015, 18:00 CET. The 24 qualified teams were drawn into six groups of four teams, with the hosts France being
Irish Football Association
The Irish Football Association is the governing body for association football in Northern Ireland. It organised the Ireland national football team which, after 1921, became the Northern Ireland national football team; the IFA was formed on 18 November 1880 by seven football clubs in the Belfast area, as the organising body for the sport across all of Ireland. A meeting was called by Cliftonville of other football clubs that followed the rules set out by the Scottish Football Association. At that meeting, on 18 November of that year, seven clubs formed the IFA, making it the fourth oldest national football association in the world; the founding members were: Alexander, Cliftonville, Knock, Moyola Park and Oldpark. The IFA's first decision was to form an annual challenge cup competition similar to the FA Cup and Scottish Cup competitions, called the Irish Cup. Two years Ireland played its first international against England, losing 13–0. Shortly after the partition of Ireland, in 1921, the Football Association of Ireland was established as a rival association to regulate the game in what was to become the Irish Free State.
The immediate cause of the split lay in a bitter dispute over the venue for the replay of an Irish Cup match in 1921 involving Glentoran of Belfast and Shelbourne of Dublin. When the first cup match was drawn in Belfast, because of the Irish war of independence, the IFA reneged on a promise to play the replay in Dublin and scheduled the rematch again for Belfast. Shelbourne refused to forfeited the Cup; such was the anger over the issue that the Leinster Football Association broke away from the IFA and formed its own national association. Those behind the FAI believed that football should be regulated by a federation based in the Irish Free State's capital, Dublin; the IFA's supporters argued that the federation should be based where the game was played – namely Ulster, its principal city Belfast. Both associations claimed to represent the whole of the island, each competing internationally under the name "Ireland" and selecting players from both the rival national leagues, which split at this time.
Interventions by FIFA gave the FAI de jure organising rights over the 26 counties of the Republic, with the IFA restricted to Northern Ireland. From the 1950s onwards, the IFA no longer claimed. In 1960, the association moved to its present location on Windsor Avenue in south Belfast, in a building once occupied by Thomas Andrews; the IFA continued to regulate the game in Northern Ireland, all results obtained by the Irish national side and records in the Irish Football League and the cup competition stand as Northern Irish records. 1880 – IFA founded in Belfast, representing all of Ireland 1921 – FAI founded in Dublin, representing Southern Ireland 1936 – FAI begins selecting Northern players 1946 – FAI stops selecting Northern players 1950 – IFA stops selecting Southern players Therefore, IFA represented all of Ireland between 1880–1950 FAI represented all of Ireland between 1936–1946Along with the other Home Nations' associations, the IFA sits on the International Football Association Board, responsible for the laws of the game.
The IFA continues to have responsibility for the running of the Northern Irish national team. The Northern Ireland Women's Football Association is the IFA's women's football arm, it runs Women's League and the Northern Ireland women's national football team. In April 2014, Northern Ireland's Minister for Culture and Leisure Carál Ní Chuilín threatened to cut the IFA's funding unless it stopped treating women's football as "an after thought". 1880–1889 Lord Spencer Chichester 1889–1909 Marquess of Londonderry 1909–1912 Alexander H. Thompson 1912–1914 Hugh Hegan 1914–1945 Sir James McIlmunn Wilton 1945–1948 Austin Donnelly 1948–1957 Frederick J. Cochrane 1957–1958 Joseph MacBride 1958–1994 Harry Cavan 1995 Sammy Walker 1995–2007 Jim Boyce 2007–2010 Raymond Kennedy 2010–2016 Jim Shaw 2016– David Martin Source: M. Brodie The Northern Ireland Soccer Yearbook 2008/2009. Belfast:Ulster Tatler Publications Sunday football in Northern Ireland Official Irish FA Website Official Irish FA YouTube Channel Official Irish FA Bebo page Northern Ireland Women's Football Association Northern Ireland at FIFA site Northern Ireland at UEFA site
Football Association of Ireland
The Football Association of Ireland is the governing body for association football in the Republic of Ireland. The FAI has an Executive Committee of five members under the President, who receive expenses, as well as a paid administrative staff led by the general secretary Joe Murphy; the current chief executive is John Delaney. There is a General Council of delegates who vote at the AGM; as well as the senior clubs, the General Council includes delegates from a variety of affiliated organisations: Provincial FAs for Leinster, Munster and Ulster. Separate education associations for primary schools, secondary schools and other third-level institutes Junior league football Women's FAI Referees Defence Forces SFAIRecent changes have been made to the organisational structure following the publication of the "Genesis II" report of 2005; this includes the reorganisation of the national football league system in line with the recommendations. The League of Ireland predated the FAI by three months; the FAI Cup was established along the lines of the FA Cup and Scottish Cup competitions.
A second cup competition was formed in 1974 called the League of Ireland Cup. The FAI Junior Cup and FAI Intermediate Cup are for non-League of Ireland teams; the Setanta Cup was inaugurated in 2005 as cross-border competition between FAI clubs from the League of Ireland and IFA clubs from the Irish League. There is an Under 19 League of Ireland; the President of Ireland's Cup, a game between the previous season's League of Ireland and FAI Cup winners, was inaugurated in 2014. The FAI organises schools competitions, international teams, including the senior team, underage teams, the Olympic team. In the season of 2015/2016 creative digital media student Shane Dunne from Blanchardstown IT took on the challenge of designing a new web page for the FAI; the FAI were promoting multi culture in this particular sport in Ireland. The web page consists of numerous videos from Dublin's Phoenix Park and indoor areas and information to help promote this topic; the web page was established in 2015 providing great opportunities for young people living in Ireland to get involved in the sport.
The FAI was formed in Dublin in September 1921 by the Free State League, founded the previous June, the Leinster FA, which had withdrawn from the IFA in June. This was the climax of a series of disputes about the alleged Belfast bias of the IFA; the IFA had been founded in 1880 in Belfast as the governing body for football for the whole of Ireland, a single part of the United Kingdom. The Leinster FA was an affiliate founded in 1892 to foster the game in Leinster, outside its Ulster heartland. In 1920, all but two clubs in the Irish League were based in Ulster, in what was to become Northern Ireland the following year. While this reflected the balance of footballing strength within Ireland, southern clubs felt the IFA was doing little to promote the game outside the professional clubs in its heartland. Elsewhere association football was under pressure from the Gaelic Athletic Association, which banned members from playing or watching association football as being a "foreign" game. World War I increased the gulf as the Irish League was suspended and replaced by regional leagues, foreshadowing the ultimate split.
The Belfast members were unionist, while the Dublin members were nationalist. Tensions were exacerbated by the Irish War of Independence of 1919–21, which disrupted contact between northern and southern clubs and prevented resumption of the Irish League; the security situation prompted the IFA to order the April 1921 Irish Cup semi-final replay between Glenavon and Shelbourne to be replayed in Belfast, rather than Dublin as convention dictated. This proved the final straw. Both bodies claimed to represent the entire island; the split between Southern Ireland and Northern Ireland did not produce a split in the governing bodies of other sports, such as the Irish Rugby Football Union. The Munster Football Association dominated by British Army regiments, had fallen into abeyance on the outbreak of World War I, was re-established in 1922 with the help of the FAI, to which it affiliated; the Falls League, based in the Falls Road of nationalist West Belfast, affiliated to the FAI, from there Alton United won the FAI Cup in 1923.
However, when the FAI applied to join FIFA in 1923, it was admitted as the FAIFS based on a 26-county jurisdiction. Attempts at reconciliation followed: at a 1923 meeting, the IFA rejected an FAIFS proposal for it to be an autonomous subsidiary of the FAIFS. A 1924 meeting in Liverpool, brokered by the English FA reached agreement on a federated solution, but the IFA insisted on providing the chairman of the International team selection committee. A 1932 meeting agreed on sharing this role, but foundered when the FAIFS demanded one of the IFA's two places on the International Football Association Board. Further efforts to reach agreement were made through a series of conferences between the IFA and FAI from 1973 to 1980 during the height of the Northern Ireland Troubles; the IFA did not feel obliged to refrain from selecting Free State players for its international team. The name Footbal
Linfield Football Club is a semi-professional football club based in Belfast, Northern Ireland. The club was founded in 1886 as Linfield Athletic Club and in 1905 moved into their current home of Windsor Park, the home of the Northern Ireland national team; the club's badge displays Windsor Castle, in reference to the ground's namesake. The club plays in the NIFL Premiership – the highest level of the Northern Ireland Football League. Linfield's main rival is Glentoran – the other half of Belfast's Big Two; this rivalry traditionally includes a league derby played on Boxing Day each year, which attracts the largest league attendance of the season. Linfield's average league home attendance is 2,500, the highest in the division and more than double the league's overall average of about 1,000; the Blues are managed by former Northern Ireland international and record goalscorer David Healy, appointed on 14 October 2015 to succeed Warren Feeney. Feeney resigned. Linfield holds several domestic records and a world record.
The club was inaugural winners and one of the eight founding members and of the Irish League in 1890, is one of only three clubs to have competed in every top division season, having never suffered relegation. Linfield has won 53 league championships to date - more than twice as many titles as any other Northern Irish club, the second-highest tally of national top-flight titles won by any club worldwide. In 1921–22, Linfield won a clean sweep of all seven available trophies in a single season, in 2005–06 won all four available domestic trophies available in the modern era, in a single season, to achieve a domestic quadruple, they have won three domestic trebles along with a world record 24 domestic doubles. The club has lifted the Irish Cup a record 43 times, the League Cup a record ten times, has been all-Ireland champion on four occasions – 1962, 1971, 1980 and 2005; the club has never won a European trophy, but did reach the quarter-finals of the 1966–67 European Cup. The club was founded in March 1886 in an area of south Belfast known as Sandy Row by workers at the Ulster Spinning Company's Linfield Mill.
Known as Linfield Athletic Club, the team played on ground at the back of the mill known as the Meadow. However, success on the field meant that the club had to accommodate bigger crowds, so this brought about a move to Ulsterville Avenue in 1889. In 1890, Bob Milne signed for the club from the Gordon Highlanders; the Scot would soon become a key member of the team, helping the Blues to lift the Irish Cup at the young age of 20. The club stayed at Ulsterville for five years before housing development on the ground in 1894 meant that the club had to move on once again. Between 1894 and 1897, Linfield played all of their home games at opponents' grounds until the president of the club, Robert Gibson – who had donated the Gibson Cup trophy to the Irish League for the championship – along with other club members secured a ground lease at Myrtlefield in the Balmoral area of the city. However, this was another temporary home; the club stayed here until 1905. The club's first silverware at Windsor arrived in the 1906–07 season, with the club lifting both the league title and the County Antrim Shield.
This would be the first of a trio of league titles, with the 1907–08 and 1908–09 league titles to follow. In 1910, team captain Bob Milne left the club with a legacy as one of Linfield's best players, he had amassed nine Irish Cups, eight league titles, had earned 27 international caps for Ireland during his time at the club. Another Scot, Marshall McEwan, joined Linfield in 1911 at the age of 26, he had played for Blackpool, Bolton Wanderers and Chelsea. McEwan is best remembered for his performance in the 1913 Irish Cup final, described by some fans as the best in years. McEwan retired in 1916, but remained in Belfast and opened several businesses. In 1915, the Irish League was suspended as a result of World War I. In its place, a temporary unofficial league known as the Belfast & District League was set up and ran for four seasons until the return of the Irish League in 1919; as this was an unofficial competition, any titles during this time are not counted as Irish League Championships. Linfield won this competition twice, in 1915–16 along with the Irish Cup, in 1917–18.
In the 1921–22 season, the club achieved a clean sweep of all the domestic competitions they entered – the Irish League, Irish Cup, County Antrim Shield, Alhambra Cup, Belfast Charity Cup, Gold Cup and the City Cup. The club followed this up the next season by winning a treble including the Irish League, Irish Cup and County Antrim Shield in 1922–23. In 1927, Joe Bambrick signed for the Blues, would become one of the club's all-time top goal scorers. In the 1929–30 season, Bambrick scored a remarkable 94 goals – a record that stood for only one season, until Glentoran's Fred Roberts scored an incredible 96 goals during the following campaign to break Bambrick's record. In 1930, Bambrick scored; the 1931–32, 1933–34 and 1934–35 league titles followed for Linfield, before Bambrick left the club to join Chelsea in 1935 having scored 286 league goals in just 183 games for Linfield – a remarkable ratio of 1.56 goals per game. The Irish League was once again suspended in 1940 as a result of the Second World War, with another temporary unofficial league set up, called the Northern Regional League.
Linfield won this league t
Wales national football team
The Wales national football team represents Wales in international football. It is controlled by the Football Association of Wales, the governing body for football in Wales and the third-oldest national football association in the world. Although part of the United Kingdom, Wales has always had a representative side that plays in major professional tournaments, though not in the Olympic Games, as the International Olympic Committee has always recognised United Kingdom representative sides. During their history, Wales have qualified for two major international tournaments, they reached the quarter-finals of the 1958 FIFA World Cup and reached the semi-finals of UEFA Euro 2016. Wales progressed through UEFA Euro 1976 qualifying to the quarter-final, played on a home and away leg basis, but they did not feature in the finals tournament. At all levels, including the youth teams, the Welsh national team draws players from clubs in the English football league system; the main professional Welsh clubs play in the English leagues, with some full-time and part-time professional clubs playing in the Welsh football league system.
Wales played its first competitive match on 25 March 1876 against Scotland in Glasgow, making it the third oldest international football team in the world. Although the Scots won the first fixture 4–0, a return match was planned in Wales the following year, so it was that the first international football match on Welsh soil took place at The Racecourse Ground, Wrexham, on 5 March 1877. Scotland took the spoils winning 2–0. Wales' first match against England came in 1879, a 2–1 defeat at the Kennington Oval, in 1882, Wales faced Ireland for the first time, winning 7–1 in Wrexham; the associations of the four Home Nations met in Manchester on 6 December 1882 to set down a set of worldwide rules. This meeting saw the establishment of the International Football Association Board to approve changes to the rules, a task the four associations still perform to this day; the 1883–84 season saw the formation of the British Home Championship, a tournament, played annually between England, Scotland and Wales, until 1983–84.
Wales were champions on 12 occasions, winning outright seven times whilst sharing the title five times. The FAW became members of FIFA, world football's governing body, in 1906, but the relationship between FIFA and the British associations was fraught and the British nations withdrew from FIFA in 1928 in a dispute over payments to amateur players; as a result, Wales did not enter the first three FIFA World Cups. In 1932, Wales played host to the Republic of Ireland, the first time they played against a side from outside the four home nations. One year Wales played a match outside the United Kingdom for the first time when they travelled to Paris to play France national football team in a match drawn 1–1. After World War II, along with the other three home nations, rejoined FIFA in 1946 and took part in the qualifying rounds for the 1950 World Cup, the 1949–50 Home Championships being designated as a qualifying group; the top two teams were to qualify for the finals in Brazil. The 1950s were a golden age for Welsh football with stars such as Ivor Allchurch, Cliff Jones, Alf Sherwood, Jack Kelsey, Trevor Ford, Ronnie Burgess, Terry Medwin and John Charles.
Wales made its only World Cup finals tournament appearance in the 1958 edition in Sweden. However, their path to qualification was unusual. Having finished second to Czechoslovakia in qualifying Group 4, the golden generation of Welsh football managed by Jimmy Murphy seemed to have missed out on qualification, but the politics of the Middle East subsequently intervened. In the Asian/African qualifying zone and Sudan had refused to play against Israel following the Suez crisis, while Indonesia had insisted on meeting Israel on neutral ground; as a result, FIFA proclaimed Israel winners of their respective group. However, FIFA did not want a team to qualify for the World Cup finals without playing a match, so lots were drawn of all the second-placed teams in UEFA. Belgium were drawn out first but refused to participate, so Wales was drawn out and awarded a two-legged play-off match against Israel with a place in Sweden for the winners. Having defeated Israel 2–0 at the Ramat Gan Stadium and 2–0 at Ninian Park, Wales went through to a World Cup finals tournament for the first—and only—time.
The strong Welsh squad made their mark in Sweden, drawing all the matches in their group against Hungary and Sweden before defeating Hungary in a play-off match to reach the quarter-finals against Brazil. However, Wales' chances of victory against Brazil were hampered by an injury to John Charles that ruled him out of the match. Wales lost; the goal made Brazil went on to win the tournament. Wales' remarkable campaign in Sweden was the subject of the best-selling book When Pele Broke Our Hearts: Wales and the 1958 World Cup, published on the 40th anniversary of the World Cup and was the inspiration for a Bafta Cymru-nominated documentary. Wales had never qualified for the finals tournament of the UEFA European Championship since its inception in 1960. However, in 1976, the team managed by Mike Smith reached the last eight of the competition, having finished top of qualifying Group 2 ahead of Hungary and Luxembourg. Prior to 1980, only four countries qualified for the finals tournament, Wales were drawn to play against the winners of Group 3—Yugoslavia—on a home and away basis match.
Wales lost the first leg 2–0 in Zagreb and were eliminated from
Setanta Sports was a sports television company based in Dublin, Ireland. The company was formed in 1990 to facilitate the broadcasting of Irish sporting events to international audiences; the company operated channels in the UK, Australia, the United States and Canada. Setanta Sports operated a number of channels which closed. In December 2015, Eir purchased Setanta Sports Ireland Ltd. On 5 July 2016 Setanta Sports was rebranded Eir Sport. Setanta operated Setanta Sports and Setanta Action until October 2013 when the channels were acquired by 21st Century Fox. In July 2014, Fox announced that from August 2014 the channels would be rebranded Fox Sports and Fox Sports 2; as of August 2014 both Setanta Sports Australia and Setanta Sports Plus were sold to Al Jazeera Media Network with approval sought from regulators in Australia. The channel became BeIN Sports Australia in November 2014. Setanta Sports operated a version of the channel in Canada as a joint venture with Canadian media company Rogers Communications.
However, its minority stake was acquired by Rogers in July 2011 and the channel was re-aligned as part of its Sportsnet networks, become Sportsnet World on 3 October 2011. The re-launch would come alongside an overall re-branding of the Sportsnet networks. Setanta operated services in the UK, following a period of administration its UK services ceased operating. Within the Great Britain, Setanta GB operated Setanta Sports 1 and 2, Setanta Golf, it operated Setanta Sports News under a joint venture with Virgin Media. Setanta GB operated Arsenal TV, Celtic TV, LFC TV and Rangers TV with their respective clubs. Reports on 7 June 2009 suggested that Setanta could be forced into administration that week, after failing to make payments due on TV rights; because of late payment and renegotiation over fees by Setanta to football clubs, several British football clubs were put into financial difficulties as money promised had been spent in annual budgets. On 4 June 2009, the Scottish Premier League announced they would be paying the sums that some of the clubs were owed to avoid causing them financial problems.
On 19 June 2009, Setanta Sports failed to pay the latest instalment of £30 million it owed the English Premier League. The Premier League had to sell the rights to the 46 live matches. A Premier League spokesman said, "It is with considerable regret that we announce that Setanta has been unable to meet their obligations; as such the existing licence agreement between us has been terminated with immediate effect."On 21 June 2009, BT Vision stopped selling Setanta Sports channels to customers. On 22 June 2009, it was reported by RTÉ News that the original Setanta Sports channel, Setanta Ireland, might be bought out by an existing consortium who hold interests in Setanta Sport Holdings Ltd. the Irish arm of Setanta Sports. Setanta Sports Ireland and Setanta Sports North America were the only brands which made a profit in 2008; the same day, Setanta lost all their SPL TV rights because they were unable to pay the £3m owed to the league. Following this, it was announced that ESPN had bought the rights to show the 46 Premier League games bought by Setanta for the 2009/10 season.
Setanta GB went into administration 22 June 2009, following failure to make payments to a number of sporting organisations. 430 jobs, 200 of which were in Ireland, were expected to be lost as a result of its going into administration. The administration was handled by Deloitte. At 18:00 that day, most of its channels ceased operations within Great Britain. According to the final report published by Setanta's administrator Deloitte, released in July 2010, the broadcaster had outstanding bank loans of UK£261m and unsecured debt of UK£288m. Deloitte said that unsecured lenders received just 2p for every pound that they have claimed back from the defunct operator. Arsenal TV continued until August 2009. Liverpool FC decided to continue broadcasting as normal. Just as when Sky Sports, in the 1990s, first obtained the exclusive rights to screen live coverage of the England national football team's away qualifying matches for the World Cup, so Setanta attracted similar criticism as a result of it having obtained the same contract.
Whereas Sky sold on a highlights package to a terrestrial broadcaster, Setanta indicated that the sums offered by terrestrial broadcasters, reported to be £100,000 to £200,000, were five to ten times lower than their perceived market value. Thus, no highlights package was agreed, Setanta themselves showed highlights of both England and Scotland qualifiers free-to-air after the live games had concluded; this was announced at 18:00 on the day the matches took place, received 220,000 viewers. Setanta accepted "a low, six-figure deal" with ITV to show delayed "extended highlights" a few days later. Setanta's GB subscriber numbers were lower than those of Sky Sports, the number of households watching the match live was estimated at around 1.5 million. Because of the availability of Setanta on both digital satellite and digital terrestrial television, the theoretical possible subscriber base surpassed that of Sky Sports but fans who were unwilling to subscribe could not see the match live. British Prime Minister at the time Gordon Brown indicated he felt it "unfortunate" more fans could not see the match live for free.
Setanta GB received significant criticism of its cancellation policy, with the issue in
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association is an organization which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, fútsal, beach soccer, eFootball. FIFA is responsible for the organization of football's major international tournaments, notably the World Cup which commenced in 1930 and the Women's World Cup which commenced in 1991. FIFA was founded in 1904 to oversee international competition among the national associations of Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland. Headquartered in Zürich, its membership now comprises 211 national associations. Member countries must each be members of one of the six regional confederations into which the world is divided: Africa, Europe, North & Central America and the Caribbean and South America. Although FIFA does not control the rules of football, that being the responsibility of the International Football Association Board, it is responsible for both the organization of a number of tournaments and their promotion, which generate revenue from sponsorship.
In 2017, FIFA had revenues of over US $734 million, for a net loss of $189 million, had cash reserves of over US$930 million. Reports by investigative journalists have linked FIFA leadership with corruption and vote-rigging related to the election of FIFA president Sepp Blatter and the organization's decision to award the 2018 and 2022 World Cups to Russia and Qatar, respectively; these allegations led to the indictments of nine high-ranking FIFA officials and five corporate executives by the U. S. Department of Justice on charges including racketeering, wire fraud, money laundering. On 27 May 2015, several of these officials were arrested by Swiss authorities, who were launching a simultaneous but separate criminal investigation into how the organization awarded the 2018 and 2022 World Cups; those among these officials who were indicted in the U. S. are expected to be extradited to face charges there as well. Many officials were suspended by FIFA's ethics committee including Michel Platini. In early 2017 reports became public about FIFA president Gianni Infantino attempting to prevent the re-elections of both chairmen of the ethics committee, Cornel Borbély and Hans-Joachim Eckert, during the FIFA congress in May 2017.
On May 9, 2017, following Infantino's proposal, FIFA Council decided not to renew the mandates of Borbély and Eckert. Together with the chairmen, 11 of 13 committee members were removed; the need for a single body to oversee association football became apparent at the beginning of the 20th century with the increasing popularity of international fixtures. The Fédération Internationale de Football Association was founded in the rear of the headquarters of the Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques at the Rue Saint Honoré 229 in Paris on 21 May 1904; the French name and acronym are used outside French-speaking countries. The founding members were the national associations of Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland; that same day, the German Football Association declared its intention of affiliating through a telegram. The first president of FIFA was Robert Guérin. Guérin was replaced in 1906 by Daniel Burley Woolfall from England, by a member of the association; the first tournament FIFA staged, the association football competition for the 1908 Olympics in London was more successful than its Olympic predecessors, despite the presence of professional footballers, contrary to the founding principles of FIFA.
Membership of FIFA expanded beyond Europe with the application of South Africa in 1909, Argentina in 1912, Canada and Chile in 1913, the United States in 1914. During World War II, with many players sent off to war and the possibility of travel for international fixtures limited, the organization's survival was in doubt. Post-war, following the death of Woolfall, the organisation was run by Dutchman Carl Hirschmann, it was saved from extinction but at the cost of the withdrawal of the Home Nations, who cited an unwillingness to participate in international competitions with their recent World War enemies. The Home Nations resumed their membership; the FIFA collection is held by the National Football Museum at Urbis in England. The first World Cup was held in 1930 in Uruguay. FIFA is headquartered in Zürich, is an association established under the law of Switzerland. FIFA's supreme body is the FIFA Congress, an assembly made up of representatives from each affiliated member association; each national football association has one vote, regardless of footballing strength.
The Congress assembles in ordinary session once every year, extraordinary sessions have been held once a year since 1998. The congress makes decisions relating to FIFA's governing statutes and their method of implementation and application. Only the Congress can pass changes to FIFA's statutes; the congress approves the annual report, decides on the acceptance of new national associations and holds elections. Congress elects the President of FIFA, its general secretary, the other members of the FIFA Council in the year following the FIFA World Cup. FIFA Council — called the FIFA Executive Committee and chaired by the president — is the main decision-making body of the organisation in the intervals of congress; the council is composed of 37 people: the president. The Executive Committee is the body that decides w