Aia is a village situated on the slopes of Mount Pagoeta in the Basque province of Gipuzkoa, Spain. It is located 30 km to the west of Donostia-San Sebastián and about 10 km inland from the coastal town of Zarautz. Aia is set amongst hills and forests, surrounded by mountains; the town has the Church of San Esteban, which includes a notable centrepiece. The population of Aia has declined since the 1950s, to a population of 1,750 in 2005. Based on cave paintings and engravings and stone implements that have been found in the Aia district, it is believed that human habitation of the area dates back to over 10,000 years ago; the town of Aia itself was mentioned in one of the oldest documents of Gipuzkoa dated 1025. The town was mentioned as being part of the Union of Sayaz in the Decree of the Brotherhood of the Province of Gupuzkoa in 1375. Farming was the main economic activity in the Aia district, with families of the small villages living within closed, self-sufficient economic systems. Land was owned by the municipality and rented to the farmers to work.
Specialised crafts began to develop, in particular Aia became a main centre for the production of iron. This was due to the abundance of natural deposits of iron in the area. Numerous foundries were established in the area, which had a significant impact on the growth of the local population, it was from these foundries. The demise of these old forges in Guipúzcoa was brought about by the introduction of blast furnaces that ran on coal. Aia is situated within Basque farmlands, unchanged over several hundred years, it has several tourist attractions, including the 1,335-acre Pagoeta Nature Reserve which sits to the west of the town of Aia and preserves the natural environment of the area, as well as the district's cultural heritage. The park contains a number of ruins of old mills and farmhouses, some ancient burial mounds dating back 5,000 years; the Agorregi Forge, located within the park, is one of the best preserved examples of a foundry in Gipuzkoa province. The forge which can be seen today was built in 1754 by the Lord of Laurgain Palace over the ruins of an earlier version.
Lying at the bottom of a deep valley near Manterola farmhouse, it used the river's hydraulic energy to power its bellows and turn its waterwheels. Situated near Aia and within the Pagoeta Nature Reserve is the Iturraran Botanic Garden; the garden was established in 1986 and includes more than 1,000 species of plants and shrubs from all over the world. It includes some endangered flora of the Basque Country. Aia is a municipality formed by a principal nucleus – the town of Aia – and its neighbourhoods, which resemble small villages, it comprises eleven neighbourhoods: Alzola: A parish with 11 inhabitants. Andatza o San Pedro: 249 inhabitants. Arratola Aldea: 38 inhabitants. Arrutiegia: 106 inhabitants. Elcano: 100 inhabitants; this neighbourhood is shared with Zarauz. Etxetaballa: 45 inhabitants. Iruretaegia: 97 inhabitants. Kurpidea: 59 inhabitants. Laurgain: 78 inhabitants. Olaskoegia: 202 inhabitants. Santio Erreka: 254 inhabitants. Urdaneta: 78 inhabitantsThe urban nucleus of Aia has about 470 inhabitants.
Aia official website Information available in Spanish and Basque. 360 degree view of Aia AIA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
A sagardotegi is a type of cider house found in the Basque Country where Basque cider and traditional foods such as cod omelettes are served. Modern sagardotegis can broadly be described as a cross between a cider house. Most Basque cider, like most cider varieties in Spain, is called "natural" because, unlike many other European varieties, it is still, instead of sparkling, it contains 4-6% alcohol and is served directly from the barrel in a sagardotegi. The word sagardotegi is composed of three elements: sagar "apple" and ardo "wine", yielding sagardo or "cider" and the suffix -tegi which denotes a building where an activity takes place; the word thus translates as "cider house". In some Northern Basque dialects cider is called sagarno or sagarano but that only reflects a different development of the Proto-Basque root *ardano "wine". Although the word ardo today means "wine", the original meaning seems to have been "fermented drink"; this is evidenced by the recorded form mahatsarno "wine". Thus the original meaning of the related sagardo and garagardo "beer" must have been "fermented drink from apples" and "fermented drink from barley".
Collectively all Basque cider houses are referred to as sagardotegi but since the emergence of more restaurant-style sagardotegi, the traditional type where the grill and eating area are under the same roof as the press have been called dolare-sagardotegi/tolare-sagardotegi or "press-cider house". In Spanish a sagardotegi is called sidrería; the more recent traditions surrounding the sagardotegis hail back to the time when buyers interested in purchasing cider from a particular maker would bring along food for the tasting as it is considered best when taken with a meal. This soon evolved into gastronomical tradition with the sagardotegis becoming a cross between a grill and a cider house. In a traditional sagardotegi, three courses are taken: starter: a cod omelette or cod with peppers main: a steak dessert: cheese, quince jelly and nutsThe steaks today are provided by the sagardotegi but in some places the tradition of bringing along your own steak is still practised. Food is traditionally taken standing at tall tables but modern establishments provide seating.
In the most traditional sagardotegi, each guest, after having paid in the region of 25 euros, receives a glass and at various intervals a txotx is called. At this, everyone who wishes for cider gets up and heads to the lower section of the sagardotegi where the barrels are located; the large barrels, which are stored horizontally, have a small tap in the lid at about head-height. This is opened by the innkeeper or the first guest to reach the barrel and a thin stream of cider exits, which the guests catch with their glasses as low down as possible to aerate the cider. People return to their tables to continue with their meal and cider until the next txotx is called; each guest may drink as much cider. As this can be a somewhat messy affair, the barrels are located behind a partition and with a lower floor level than the main eating area. After the maturation of last year's cider, the cider season opens, with aficionados sampling different houses. Most sagardotegi are located in the province of Gipuzkoa, in particular in the area around Hernani and Astigarraga but they can be found in all provinces of the Basque Country.
Traditional tolare-sagardotegis are found in: Álava: Amurrio, Aramaio Biscay: Ajangiz, Bilbao, Gatika, Gizaburuaga, Lezama, Markina-Xemein, Mungia, Zornotza Gipuzkoa: Abaltzisketa, Aia, Amezketa, Asteasu, Ataun, San Sebastián, Hernani, Ikaztegieta, Itziar-Deba, Lasarte-Oria, Legorreta, Olaberria, Urnieta, Zerain, Zubieta Labourd: Biriatou, Urrugne Lower Navarre: Lasa Navarre: Aldatz, Lekunberri, Pamplona, MurugarrenThe towns of Astigarraga, Urnieta and Usurbil have the highest concentrations. The archetypal sagardotegi in the 16th century would resemble a low, two storey farm-building with a tiled roof; the three main parts of such a sagardotegi were the storage area and the kitchen. The intricate pressing machine was spread across both floor levels, it consisted on a large cantilevered beam which passed between the two central vertical support beams of the building. The fixed end was held in place by a wooden beam right beside the actual press; the far end of the beam sat around a tall wooden screw which ran between beams under the roof and the ground floor of the building, ending in a capstan-like turning mechanism.
At the bottom end of the screw hung a stone weight which rotated in a hole in the ground. By turning the screw at the ground floor level, the horizontal beam on the first floor would be pulled downwards and, along with the gravitational pull, exert pressure on the apple press at the far end; the apple press itself consisted out of a wooden base with a surrounding groove to catch the juices upon which the apple pomace is placed and a wooden platform which pressed down on the apples. Today, modern machinery is used to press the apples. Apples are collected from the end of September onwards until the middle of November using the kizkia, a tool that resembles a stick with a nail in it, they are scratted into pomace in the matxaka but w
Azpeitia is a town and municipality within the province of Gipuzkoa, in the Basque Country of Spain, located on the Urola river a few kilometres east of Azkoitia. Its population is 14,580, it is located 41 kilometres southwest of Donostia/San Sebastián. Azpeitia is the birthplace of Ignatius of Loyola; the house of his birth is now preserved as a part of large Jesuit compound, the Sanctuary of Loyola, a major attraction of tourists and pilgrims alike. It is the birthplace of Renaissance composer Juan de Anchieta. Azpeitia lies at the foot of the massive Izarraitz towering over the town and much visited by the townspeople. Azpeitia Railway Museum is located in the town. Azpeitia was incorporated in 1310 by a royal decree of King Fernando IV, its original name was “Garmendia de Iraurgi” and a year it was renamed “Salvatierra de Iraurgi”. The name “Azpeitia” is first found in 1397. During the 13th and 14th centuries there were many battles and wars among prominent families in the town between the Oñatz and Gamboa families.
In 1766, there was revolt in the town against King Carlos V’s policy of liberalizing the selling and buying of wheat and a rebellious town council was established. However, the revolt was suppressed by troops sent from San Sebastian; the steel and wood industries have been the main industries in Azpeitia. The Sanctuary of Loyola is its major local tourist attraction, together with the Basque Railway Museum, he was born in Loyola, Azpeitia, in 1491 and died in Rome in 1556. His family was part of the aristocracy of Biscay; as a young man he worked in the service of the viceroy of Navarre. He was injured in both legs during the defence of Pamplona in 1521. Afterwards, during his convalescence, he started reading religious books; this had a big impact on his life. He travelled to Catalonia, first to the monastery of Montserrat in 1522 and to Manresa, where he retired to a cave to meditate for a year. Afterwards he wrote The Book of Spiritual Exercises. After various journeys to Rome, Alcalá de Henares and Salamanca, he went to Paris in 1528, where he studied philosophy and theology.
Together with some other students he founded the core of the Society of Jesus, which received Papal approval in 1540 and chose St. Ignatius as its superior general. Afterwards, the Jesuits spread all over the world, starting in Europe and to the Americas; when he died, St Ignatius was canonised by the Roman Catholic Church. The museum is situated in the old Urola railway station, on a line which connected Zumaia and Zumárraga; the Basque Railway Museum has one of the best railway collections in Europe, with vehicles of all types: steam locomotives and electric. In addition, the museum offers one of the most complete sets of machine tools in the Basque Country from the old Urola Railway garage; this installation is preserved just as it was inaugurated in 1925, with an old electric motor that drives its 16 machines through a complex system of pulleys and belts. The line is no longer operative. However, the train between Azpeitia and Lasao is an important tourist attraction; the amazing facilities of the old electrical transformer plant with its original equipment rectification, mercury vapor, reflect the most modern technology of a century ago.
On the first floor of the central building of the old station at Azpeitia, there is an exceptional sample of the uniforms used in the railroads since the late nineteenth century to the AVE. On the second floor is a great collection of railway clocks. Nowadays, the train museum is operated by Eusko Tren, a public railway company run by the Basque government; this line is no longer operated as a service. A recent study supported by the Basque government, "Azpeitia 1936-1945" examines daily life in the period and an index of Azpeitians of the time with a summary of their political activities during and after the Civil War, it contains reproductions of many of the historical documents of the time. In Azpeitia, the main opposing sides were the Carlists, who supported the Nationalists, the Basque Nationalists from EAJ-PNV. There were falangists and left-wing militants and some anarchists. Nationalist troops entered Azpeitia in September, 1936. Shortly afterwards, a new council was created dominated by traditionalists.
Azpeita has always been characterized by a wide use of the Basque language, but its use diminished after Franco´s victory. Franco himself visited Azpeitia in 1939 and in 1945, its building process started in 1320. It was the property of one of the most powerful Basque families of the Oñatz family. In 1456, the upper part of the tower was destroyed by order of Henry IV, it was repaired in 1535. In 1750, numerous baroque elements typical of the time were added and the tower, now a palace, acquired its current appearance. Nowadays, the palace is Azpeitia´s local public library, it is situated halfway between Loyola. It was built in early 14th centuries, it contains a polychrome Gothic carving of Our Lady of Olatz, for whom it is said that San Ignatius felt a special devotion. The private boards of Gipuzkoa held their meetings here until the beginning of the 18th century. In 1535, after completing his studies in Paris, when Íñigo de Loyola arrived in Azpeitia, he was ill. However, instead of residing in the family tower house, he chose to stay in this hospital and leprosarium, together with the poorest patients.
He used to preach there. He is said to have walked the streets begging for food and help for th
Basque Country (autonomous community)
The Basque Country the Basque Autonomous Community is an autonomous community in northern Spain. It includes the Basque provinces of Álava and Gipuzkoa; the Basque Country or Basque Autonomous Community was granted the status of nationality within Spain, attributed by the Spanish Constitution of 1978. The autonomous community is based on the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country, a foundational legal document providing the framework for the development of the Basque people on Spanish soil. Navarre, which had narrowly rejected a joint statue of autonomy with Gipuzkoa, Álava and Biscay in 1932, was granted a separate statute in 1982. There is no official capital in the autonomous community, but the city of Vitoria-Gasteiz, in the province of Álava, is the de facto capital as the location of the Basque Parliament, the headquarters of the Basque Government, the residence of the President of the Basque Autonomous Community; the High Court of Justice of the Basque Country has its headquarters in the city of Bilbao.
Whilst Vitoria-Gasteiz is the largest municipality in area, with 277 km2, Bilbao is the largest in population, with 353,187 people, located in the province of Biscay within a conurbation of 875,552 people. The term Basque Country may refer to the larger cultural region, the home of the Basque people, which includes the autonomous community; the following provinces make up the autonomous community: Álava, capital Vitoria-Gasteiz Biscay, capital Bilbao-Bilbo Gipuzkoa, capital Donostia-San Sebastián The Basque Country borders Cantabria and the Burgos province to the west, the Bay of Biscay to the north and Navarre to the east and La Rioja to the south. The territory has three distinct areas, which are defined by the two parallel ranges of the Basque Mountains; the main range of mountains forms the watershed between the Mediterranean basins. The highest point of the range is in the Aizkorri massif; the three areas are: Formed by many valleys with short rivers that flow from the mountains to the Bay of Biscay, like the Nervión, Urola or Oria.
The coast is rough, with small inlets. The main features of the coast are the Bilbao Abra Bay and the Estuary of Bilbao, the Urdaibai estuary and the Bidasoa-Txingudi Bay that forms the border with France. Between the two mountain ranges, the area is occupied by a high plateau called Llanada Alavesa, where the capital Vitoria-Gasteiz is located; the rivers flow south from the mountains to the Ebro River. The main rivers are the Zadorra Bayas River. From the southern mountains to the Ebro is the so-called Rioja Alavesa, which shares the Mediterranean characteristics of other Ebro Valley zones; some of Spain's production of Rioja wine takes place here. The Basque Mountains form the watershed and mark the distinct climatic areas of the Basque Country: The northern valleys, in Biscay and Gipuzkoa and the valley of Ayala in Álava, are part of Green Spain, where the oceanic climate is predominant, with its wet weather all year round and moderate temperatures. Precipitation average is about 1200 mm; the middle section is influenced more by the continental climate, but with a varying degree of the northern oceanic climate.
This gives cold, snowy winters. The Ebro valley has a pure continental climate: winters are cold and dry and summers warm and dry, with precipitation peaking in spring and autumn. Precipitation is irregular, as low as 300 mm. Half of the 2,155,546 inhabitants of the Basque Autonomous Community live in Greater Bilbao, Bilbao's metropolitan area. Of the ten most populous cities, six form part of Bilbao's conurbation, known as Greater Bilbao. With 28.2% of the Basque population born outside this region, immigration is crucial to Basque demographics. Over the 20th century most of this immigration came from other parts of Spain from Galicia or Castile and León. Over recent years, sizeable numbers of this population have returned to their birthplaces and most immigration to the Basque country now comes from abroad, chiefly from South America. Roman Catholicism is, by far, the largest religion in the Basque Country. In 2012, the proportion of Basques that identified themselves as Roman Catholic was 58.6%, while it is one of the most secularised communities of Spain: 24.6% were non-religious and 12.3% of Basques were atheist.
Bilbao-Bilbo Vitoria-Gasteiz San Sebastián-Donostia Barakaldo Getxo Irun Portugalete Santurtzi Basauri Errenteria Spanish and Basque are co-official in all territories of the autonomous community. The Basque-speaking areas in the modern-day autonomous community are set against the wider context of the Basque language, spoken to the east in Navarre and the French Basque Country; the whole Basque speaking territory has experienced both expansion in its history. The Basque language experienced a gradual territorial contraction throughout the last nine centuries, severe deterioration of its sociolinguistic status for much of the 20th century due to heavy immigration from other parts of Spain, the virtual nonexistence of Basque language schooling, national policies implemented by the different Spanish régimes. After the advent of the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Countr
Hernani is a town and municipality located in the province of Gipuzkoa, Basque Autonomous Community, Spain. The town sits on the left bank of the Urumea river, it is located at a distance of 9.2 km from San Sebastian. The municipality of Hernani occupies an area of 40 square kilometres and is bordered by San Sebastián, Arano, Errenteria, Lasarte-Oria and Urnieta. From the town centre, at the foot of Mount Santa Barbara, it is possible to see a large area of the valley of Urumea, its festivities, held between 23 and 27 June in honour of John the Baptist. The title character of Victor Hugo's play Hernani is named after the town. During the Middle Ages, the territory that would form the province of Gipuzkoa was divided in valleys and Hernani was one of them; the valley of Hernani extended through all the space surrounding the lower courses of the rivers Urumea and Oria. The valley of Hernani is first attested in a document whereby the Castilian count Fernán González of Castile grants vows in favour of the Monasteries of San Millan de la Cogolla, dating from the year 938 but believed to be a fake document from the thirteenth century.
Dated from the late twelfth century, the donation document of the Monastery of San Sebastián to the Monastery of Leyre in Navarre by the king Sancho VI of Navarre states that the monastery of San Sebastián was in the borders of Hernani. When this Navarrese king founded the town of San Sebastián around 1180, the territory of the valley of Hernani was included within the jurisdiction of the new coastal town, it is not known when Hernani turned into a town, with its charter being lost in a fire along with other files. Some assume that the foundation of the town occurred during the reign of the king Alfonso X of Castile in the second half of the 13th century, when this king established a network of strategic towns dotting the route reaching the coast of Gipuzkoa, with Hernani as one of its strategic localities. Others delay the foundation of the town until the late 14th century in 1379, as a document of the 15th century cites an agreement between the councils of Hernani and San Sebastián for the use of the mountains of the valley of Urumea that took place in 1379, which attests to the existence by that time of the town Hernani.
The town of Hernani extended its jurisdiction only to part of the old valley. It lost all the coastal and lower valley of Urumea now included in the San Sebastián strip, the western area in the valley of the Oria, which became the town of Usurbil in 1371, its western limit continued to be the Oria river, while on the east the mountains separated it from Oiartzun. The old town of Hernani sits on a 42 metres high rise towering over the left bank of the river Urumea and in turn located at the foot of Mount Santa Barbara; the old town was oval in shape, surrounded by walls with several entrances, of which only one is surviving to date. It was made up of two streets, the High Street, Kale Nagusia, Kardaberaz Street, intersected at the same time by a perpendicular lane; the first municipal ordinances go back to 1542, since copies of the 1512 ordinances disappeared during an invasion of the French army. The town has been subject to invasions and destruction numerous times throughout its history: the medieval factional wars, French invasions in the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries.
In 1986, Lasarte, a historical district of Hernani located in the valley of Oria, detached from the town following its rapid urban and demographic development. The town lies on a traditionally Basque-speaking area, with the municipality showing a Basque-Spanish bilingual landscape. Hernani is the biggest and most important of the towns with strong tradition in the artisan production of Basque cider. Together with Astigarraga and Usúrbil it is one of the areas where most of the Guipuzcoan cider houses are concentrated. There are many of these establishments in the city. During cider season the locality welcomes numerous visitors who come from Gipuzkoa and neighbouring provinces to the cider houses; the bars of the old town of Hernani have a special animation during the weekends this time thanks to these visitors. The town festivities are held at the end of June, it is traditional that on the days 24, 25 and 26 June, coinciding with the celebrations, the mentioned Maskuri-danza or Azeri-danza is held, a traditional dance, now known by the latter name because in the 1980s, a character with a mask made of a fox who accompanied him was added.
The neighbourhoods of Hernani celebrate their own festivals: Elizatxo Santa Cruz, Ereñozu San Antonio, Santa Barbara San Ignacio, El Puerto, the martyrdom of John the Baptist and Zikuñaga the Virgin of Zikuñaga. The town of Hernani walled, is cataloged as Monumental Ensemble. Inside the medieval layout of the streets and some buildings of interest it is preserved. Religious monuments Parochial Church of San Juan Bautista. Convent of San Agustin. Igoin-Akola Dolmen. Cromlechs. Civil monuments Town Hall. Fort of Santa Barbara. Tower-house of the Gentiles. Laundry and public source of Leoka. Gateway to the village in the canton of Zapa. In the town of Hernani is the Chillida-Leku museum devoted to the work of sculptor Eduardo Chillida, natural of San Sebastian. From the 1960s, there was a g
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Elgoibar is an industrial town located in the province of Gipuzkoa, in the Autonomous Community of Basque Country, northern Spain. Located in a valley, it is traversed by the Deba river. Elgoibar is nicknamed the "capital city of the Machine tool"; the town was called Villamayor de Marquina, but it had been founded in a place called before Elgoibar field. The town came to be known by this name a few centuries of its foundation; until the mid-fifteenth century it appears in the documentation as Villamayor de Marquina, but in the statutes of the Brotherhood of Gipuzkoa of 1457 and 1463 years appears with the Elgoibar name and it has prevailed until today. Elgoibar name has been used in Basque in order to refer to the small town; the unique difference is that in Spanish the name Elgoibar has an accent mark in its "o". Elgoibar etymologically comes from the Basque language and is composed of the word meaning elge field and safely by ibar word which means valley and plain. Therefore, "elge ibar" would be a similar term to vega or plain cultivated field and would have resulted in Elgoibar.
The etymology would remain quite well with the mention of Elgoibar field that appears in the settlement charter of the town. Since the beginning of the establishment of the Ville, the industrial nature was relevant; the king kept for himself the strip mining of the minerals such as gold or silver, the ironworks production. As Tómas López described in 1800 " The industrialization transformed that protoindustry, on a machinery tools factories network. Main companies The following list includes companies that are located in Elgoibar, that have at least an staff of 50 people according to the Basque Industry catalog: Alcorta Brockhaus, S. A.: Manufacturer of components of forged steel for the automotive industry. AVS Added Value Solutions: Designing and manufacturing equipment for the industry of science and machine tool industry. Bernardo Ecenarro, S. A.: Manufacturing paints and special covers for the automotive industry Doimak: Manufacturing rectifier machines Engranajes Grindel, S. A.: Manufacturer of gears.
Etxe-Tar, S. A.: Machine Tool Industry Elgoibar celebrates festivity in honor of its patron. The latter is the patron of the villa. In addition, there are a number of celebrations that are celebrated in unison of the region or the country such as San Blas, Carnivals or the Eve of St. Agatha. There is cattle fair the last Saturday of each month and specially the last Saturday of the year, Gabon Zahar Feria. San Anton festivity, second landlord of the town, on 17 January. San Bartolome, the patron of Elgoibar, on 23 August. San Juan festivity, on 23 June. There are smaller celebrations in the rural districts and the hermitages like the pilgrimage of Santiago Sargoate day. Militaries and Governors Martin Iñiguez de Carquizano: sea man that took part in the Garcia Jofre de Loaisa expedition. Gabriel de Crucelegui: governor of Philippines. Religious people Domingo de Alzola 16th century: Guadalajara's archbishop. Francisco Aguirre: missionary priest in China. Industrial people Eulogio Estarta: industrial.
Fundator of the local company "SIGMA". Bernando Ecenarro: industrial. Writers Pedro Miguel Urruzuno: priest and basque writer. Jasone Osoro: journalist and basque writer. Gotzon Garate: basque writer, philosopher and Jesuit. Hasier Etxeberria: journalist and writer. Broadcaster of the literary TV program Sautrela in ETB Uxue Alberdi: journalist and improviser of basque verse. Pelota Players Roque Echave, Echave II Ignacio Cortabitarte Javier Arriola Lizarralde, Arriola IVFootball players Jose Luis González: footballer who played as a goalkeeper in the Real Sociedad and Valencia C. F, among others. Tiburcio Beristain: footballer. Fernando Ansola: international football player who played in the Real Oviedo, Real Betis, Valencia C. F and Real Sociedad. Juan Cruz Sol: international footballer who played in the Real Madrid and Valencia CF. Markel Bergara: football player, playing in the Real Sociedad. Ricardo Suarez: football player who played in the Real Sociedad and Granada C. F, among others. Joseba Etxeberria: international football player who played in the Real Sociedad and Athletic Club.
Itziar Gurrutxaga: international football player who played in the Athletic Club EFT. Zuhaitz Gurrutxaga: football player who played in the Real Sociedad. Elisabeth Ibarra: international football player who plays in the Athletic Club EFT. Other sports Juan Muguerza: athlete. Jose Maria Benavides: yachtsman. 11 times Spanish champion and twice olympique winner. Bullfighter Luis Mazzantini Politicians Jaime Arrese: Mayor of Elgoibar in the 1970s. Murdered by Comandos Autonomos anticapitalistas Francisco Javier Ansuategui: conservative politician. Arnaldo Otegui: Basque national politician, Sortu's chief of staff. Official Website Information Basque. ELGOIBAR in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Information available in Spanish