Astra (company)

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Astra Veicoli Industriali S.p.A.
Private
Industry Automotive
Founded 1946
Founder Mario Bertuzzi
Headquarters Piacenza, Italy
Products Trucks
Owner CNH Industrial
Parent Iveco
Website Official website

Astra (Anonima Sarda TRAsporti[1]) Veicoli Industriali S.p.A. is an Italian company which produces trucks, heavy transport vehicles and military vehicles. Astra was privately founded in 1946 in Cagliari, and since 1986 has been part of Iveco, itself part of CNH Industrial. In 1951 Astra moved to Piacenza. From 1946 to 1986 Astra was owned by the Bertuzzi family of Piacenza.

History[edit]

  • 1934 - After work as an engineer for various companies, Mario Bertuzzi opens his first garage near Piacenza.[2]
  • 1936-1939 - Bertuzzi works in Italian-occupied Ethiopia, gaining experience and wealth.[3]
  • During the war, Bertuzzi owned a repair shop in Piacenza. He relocated to Quarto, in Campania, in 1944, as the Allied bombing raids on the Gothic Line drew closer.[4]
  • 1946 - Bertuzzi, operating out of Piacenza, founded a company called Anonima Sarda TRAsporti (Sardinian Transport Company) to buy a lot of 1000 surplus allied military vehicles located in Cagliari, Sardinia. The goal was to ship them back to the mainland and to either convert them to civilian duties, or to rebuild them for the renascent Italian military.[4]
  • 1948 - Bertuzzi buys out his partner and sells of the remaining old vehicles for scrap; instead the company gains contracts for maintaining the vehicles of the Italian as well as the American forces.[5]
  • 1951 - The company returns to the civil sector as General Motors approaches Astra to provide service for GM engines in Italy.[5] Work on upgrading new trucks for heavier duty work recommences.[6]
  • 1955 - Astra presented its first vehicle of their own design, the BM1. It was meant for use with public works contractors for heavy-duty, off-road work, such as quarries or tunnel construction. The truck had a GM diesel engine and reconditioned AEC Matador axles, plentiful in Italian military depots.[6]
  • 1956 - Mario Bertuzzi dies, leaving his sons Camillo and Enzo in charge. Camillo handled the civilian side of the business, Enzo the military side.[6]

During the 1960s, the companies' facility was enlarged several times, and a broader range of vehicles with dumper and mixer models were added.

  • 1960 - The BM2 appeared, a heavier-duty version of the BM1.
  • 1961 - The BM18 appeared, capable of even heavier loads. There were also the similar BM19, and BM21.
  • 1962 - Astra's first road-going truck, the three-axle BM12, was introduced.
  • 1965 - BM22 - BM25. A new 140,000 square meter plant was opened, and Astra stopped rebuilding outside constructions. New axles were also developed by new technical director Fabio Pavesi, ending the dependence on old materiel.[7]
  • 1967 - The BM16 is introduced, a road-going truck with an automatic transmission.[7]
  • 1970 - Launch of giant cranes for chassis BE 8440 and BE 10660. The crane project proved a disappointment and was shortlived.[5]
  • 1976 - The BM35 large volume dump truck is introduced, entering a new market sector for Astra.[8][7]
  • 1976 - The BM20 is introduced, a heavy-duty truck with Astra's first own cabin, a spacious two-seater fiberglass construction.[7]
Astra 6000-series truck, using the Giugiaro-designed cab used until 2000
  • 1982 - Launch of the 300-series 6x4 40-tonne highway trucks, the angular cabin was designed by Italdesign Giugiaro.[7]
  • 1984 - Astra participates in the Paris-Dakar rally with the BM 309. BM501 added to the range of dump trucks.
  • 1986 - After years of contraction, the nearly bankrupt Astra SpA is acquired by Iveco; Astra already had technical cooperation with Iveco since its inception.
  • 1989 - Launch of the new 6000 series, still using the 300-series cabin.
  • 1992 - Launch of the 6500 series range of technologically advanced trucks.
  • 1994 - The designation BM disappears in favour of HD (Heavy Duty), now called the HD6.
  • 1996 - ASTRA celebrates 50 years ard more than 25,000 vehicles manufactured and sold worldwide. Launch of HD7 series, with a range of 2, 3, and 4 driven axles and IVECO engines ranging from 340 CV (250 kW) to 520 CV (382 kW).
  • 1997 - Company receives ISO 9001-2000 certification. Astra Industrial Vehicles SpA also receives the ISO 14001-1996 certification.
  • 1999 - The 28- and 40-tonne dump trucks were added to the range, available with an automatic transmission - the first in the world to be installed in such heavy-duty quarry vehicles.
  • 2000 - The HD7 range is complemented by the new HD7/C series, equipped with new Iveco Cursor (Euro 3) engines. At ESIS (Batimat Italian) Astra unveils a new range of articulated dump trucks (ADT) - models ADT25 and ADT30, with 25 and 30 tonnes of payload respectively.
  • 2003 - On 1 January Astra took over SIVI, SIVI being a partner of Iveco since 1982. SIVI modifies ASTRA trucks for heavy duty applications.
  • 2004 - Two new models of 35 and 40 tonnes of payload are added to the range of articulated dump trucks: the ADT35 and ADT40, both powered by Iveco Cursor 13 engines.
  • 2005 - The new range of HD8 construction trucks was introduced, which replaces the HD7 and HD7/C.
  • 2011 - The new HD9 range replaced the HD8. With a cabin in sheet metal (as used on the Iveco Trakker) Astra now abandoned their long tradition of fibreglass cabs.

Quarry and construction vehicles[edit]

Currently the production of vehicles by Astra includes a number of construction-oriented trucks (HD8), rigid dump trucks (RD), and articulated dump trucks (ADT). Production of vehicles began in 1955 with the construction of the BM1, a rigid dump truck that had some success. Following the enlargement of the factory, the BM series was extended, and the model BM 309 participated in the Paris-Dakar in the truck category. In 1996, the fiftieth anniversary of the company's founding, the HD7 series went on the market which also had some success. In 2005 this was replaced by the current HD8 range. In 2009 Astra launched a new range of heavy duty vehicles called HHD.

Vehicles for special use[edit]

Italian Fire Service vehicles with an Astra fire truck, on left

In 2002 the company absorbed Astra SIVI (a partner of Iveco from 1982), which produced vehicles for heavy transport, and in 2004 completely integrated production by SIVI. Vehicles produced by SIVI Astra are all produced on the basis of Iveco vehicles, currently Stralis and Trakker.

Products[edit]

The Astra range of products includes:

  • Heavy construction trucks, with the BM1 series launched in 1955, the WB series 12-16-18-19-20-E1-22 and 25, then the 300 series and 6000 until 1994; HD6, HD7, HD7c appeared in 2000, and HD8 in 2005
  • Trucks for special applications, produced by SIVI, based on Fiat and Iveco chassis, Iveco Trakker with 720T55EZ and 720 tonnes of PTR,
  • RD - rigid dump trucks
  • AD - articulated dump trucks
  • Military trucks group - Iveco Defense.

Military[edit]

Astra Military Truck in the Italian army parade in Italy, 2007.
Astra HD7 Military Truck in the Italian army parade in Italy, 2007.

Since 1990, Astra SpA has built the entire military range of trucks produced by the Iveco group.

Highway trucks[edit]

Astra HD9 8456 EURO6. 8-wheeler. Power: 560 hp.

The HD7 series in cargo and tractor versions are as follows.

Model Configuration Motor type Cylinder cc CV PTC / PTR and t
HD7 42.38 4x2 Iveco 8210.42K 13798 380 20 / 44
HD7 42.42 4x2 Iveco 8210.42L 13798 420 20 / 44
HD7 44.34 4x4 Iveco 8460.41K 9498 340 20 / 44
HD7 44.38 4x4 Iveco 8210.42K 13798 380 20 / 44
HD7 44.42 4x4 Iveco 8210.42L 13798 420 20 / 44
HD7 64.34 6x4 Iveco 8460.41K 9498 340 33 / 56
HD7 66.34 6x6 Iveco 8460.41K 9498 340 33 / 56
HD7 64.38 6x4 Iveco 8210.42K 13798 380 33 / 56
HD7 66.38 6x6 Iveco 8210.42K 13798 380 33 / 56
HD7 64.42 6x4 Iveco 8210.42L 13798 420 33 / 56
HD7 66.42 6x6 Iveco 8210.42L 13798 420 33 / 56
HD7 64.45 6x4 Iveco 8280.42B 17174 440 33 / 56
HD7 66.45 6x6 Iveco 8280.42B 17174 450 33 / 56
HD7 64.47 6x4 Iveco 8210.42B 13798 470 33 / 56
HD7 64.52 6x4 Iveco 8280.42S 17174 520 33 / 56
HD7 66.52 6x6 Iveco 8280.42S 17174 520 33 / 56
HD7 84.38 8x4 Iveco 8210.42K 13798 380 40-48
HD7 84.42 8x4 Iveco 8210.42L 13798 420 40-48
HD7 86.42 8x6 Iveco 8210.42L 13798 420 40-48
HD7 84.45 8x4 Iveco 8280.42B 17174 440 40-48
HD7 86.45 8x6 Iveco 8280.42B 17174 450 40-48
HD7 84.47 8x4 Iveco 8210.42B 13798 470 40-48
HD7 84.52 8x4 Iveco 8280.42S 17174 520 40-48
HD7 86.52 8x6 Iveco 8280.42S 17174 520 40-48

HD7/C series, HD8, equipped with Iveco Motors Cursor 13.

Astra HD7C 84-45 tow truck of the Fire Service of Greece.

The HD7/C series, equipped with motors type Cursor 13 Euro 4 consists of:

Model Configuration Motor type Cylinder cc CV PTC / PTR t
HD7c 42.36 4x2 Iveco F3B E0681JB 12882 360 20 / 44
HD7c 44.36 4x4 Iveco F3B E0681JB 12882 360 20 / 44
HD7c 42.40 4x2 Iveco F3B E0681HB 12882 400 20 / 44
HD7c 44.40 4x4 Iveco F3B E0681HB 12882 400 20 / 44
HD7c 42.45 4x2 Iveco F3B E0681DB 12882 450 20 / 44
HD7c 44.45 4x4 Iveco F3B E0681DB 12882 450 20 / 44
HD7c 64.36 6x4 Iveco F3B E0681JB 12882 360 33 / 56
HD7c 66.36 6x6 Iveco F3B E0681JB 12882 360 33 / 56
HD7c 64.40 6x4 Iveco F3B E0681HB 12882 400 33 / 56
HD7c 66.40 6x6 Iveco F3B E0681HB 12882 400 33 / 56
HD7c 64.45 6x4 Iveco F3B E0681DB 12882 450 33 / 56
HD7c 66.45 6x6 Iveco F3B E0681DB 12882 450 33 / 56
HD7c 64.50 6x4 Iveco F3B E0681FB 12882 500 33 / 56
HD7c 66.50 6x6 Iveco F3B E0681FB 12882 500 33 / 56
HD7c 84.36 8x4 Iveco F3B E0681JB 12882 360 40-48
HD7c 84.40 8x4 Iveco F3B E0681HB 12882 400 40-48
HD7c 84.45 8x4 Iveco F3B E0681DB 12882 450 40-48
HD7c 86.45 8x6 Iveco F3B E0681DB 12882 450 40-48
HD7c 88.45 8x8 Iveco F3B E0681DB 12882 450 40-48
HD7c 84.50 8x4 Iveco F3B E0681FB 12882 500 40-48
HD7c 86.50 8x6 Iveco F3B E0681FB 12882 500 40-48
HD7c 88.50 8x8 Iveco F3B E0681FB 12882 500 40-48

The new HD8 series, equipped with the also new Iveco Cursor 13 Euro 5 contains 16 configurations of chassis with 5 different motors:

Model Configuration Motor type Cylinder cc CV PTC / PTR t
HD8 42.41 4x2 Iveco F3B E3681D 12882 410 20 / 44-49
HD8 44.41 4x4 Iveco F3B E3681D 12882 410 20 / 44-49
HD8 42.44 4x2 Iveco F3B E3681G 12882 440 20 / 44-49
HD8 44.44 4x4 Iveco F3B E3681G 12882 440 20 / 44-49
HD8 44.48 4x4 Iveco F3B E3681F 12882 480 20 / 44-49
HD8 64.41 6x4 Iveco F3B E3681D 12882 410 33 / 56
HD8 64.44 6x4 Iveco F3B E3681D 12882 440 33 / 56
HD8 64.48 6x4 Iveco F3B E3681F 12882 480 33 / 56
HD8 66.48 6x6 Iveco F3B E3681F 12882 480 33 / 56
HD8 64.52 6x4 Iveco F3B E3681E 12882 520 33 / 56
HD8 66.52 6x6 Iveco F3B E3681E 12882 520 33 / 56
HD8 64.56 6x4 Iveco F3B E3681A 12882 560 33 / 56
HD8 66.56 6x6 Iveco F3B E3681A 12882 560 33 / 56
HD8 84.41 8x4 Iveco F3B E3681D 12882 410 40-48
HD8 84.44 8x4 Iveco F3B E3681G 12882 440 40-48
HD8 86.44 8x6 Iveco F3B E3681G 12882 440 40-48
HD8 84.48 8x4 Iveco F3B E3681F 12882 480 40-48
HD8 86.48 8x6 Iveco F3B E3681F 12882 480 40-48
HD8 88.48 8x8 Iveco F3B E3681F 12882 480 40-48
HD8 84.52 8x4 Iveco F3B E3681E 12882 520 40-48
HD8 86.52 8x6 Iveco F3B E3681E 12882 520 40-48
HD8 88.52 8x8 Iveco F3B E3681E 12882 520 40-48
HD8 84.56 8x4 Iveco F3B E3681A 12882 560 40-48
HD8 86.56 8x6 Iveco F3B E3681A 12882 560 40-48
HD8 88.56 8x8 Iveco F3B E3681A 12882 560 40-48

Two special series of HD8 are destined for foreign markets:

  • Spain with a PTR of 104T for special convoys
  • Libya with Iveco 8000 series engines, which are also mounted on locally assembled Iveco trucks.

Dump trucks[edit]

Rigid

Model Configuration Motor type Cylinder cc CV PTC/PTR t Volume m3
RD 28 C 4x2 Iveco F3A 10300 353 48,5 17,7
RD 32 C 4x2 Iveco F3A 10300 381 54 20,1

Articulated

Model Configuration Motor type Cylinder cc CV PTC/PTR t Volume m3
ADT 25 C 6x6 Iveco F3A 10300 320 45 14,5
ADT 30 C 6x6 Iveco F3A 10300 353 51 17,6
ADT 35 C 6x6 Iveco F3B 12882 410 60 20,0
ADT 40 C 6x6 Iveco F3B 12882 455 66 22,0

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

1. ↑ Astra dumptrucks at dumper.fr (French)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ASTRA Company Profile" (PDF). iveco-astra.com. Retrieved 2016-05-26.
  2. ^ Weber, Alexander (December 2015). "Stern Kunde" [Star knowledge]. Last & Kraft (in German). Vol. 24 no. 1 (December/Januar 2016). Mainz, Germany: Vereinigte Fachverlage. p. 22. ISSN 1613-1606.
  3. ^ Weber, p. 23
  4. ^ a b Weber, p. 24
  5. ^ a b c Weber, p. 25
  6. ^ a b c Weber, p. 26
  7. ^ a b c d e Weber, p. 29
  8. ^ Weber, p. 27

External links[edit]