Criticism of atheism
Criticism of atheism is criticism of the concepts, validity, or impact of atheism, including associated political and social implications. Criticisms include positions based on the history of science, findings in the natural sciences, theistic apologetic arguments, arguments pertaining to ethics and morality, the effects of atheism on the individual, or the assumptions that underpin atheism. Various contemporary agnostics like Carl Sagan and theists such as Dinesh D'Souza have criticised atheism for being an unscientific position. Analytic philosopher Alvin Plantinga, Professor of Philosophy Emeritus at the University of Notre Dame, argues that a failure of theistic arguments might conceivably be good grounds for agnosticism, but not for atheism. Oxford Professor of Mathematics John Lennox holds that atheism is an inferior world view to that of theism and attributes to C. S. Lewis the best formulation of Merton's thesis that science sits more comfortably with theistic notions on the basis that Men became scientific in Western Europe in the 16th and 17th century "ecause they expected law in nature, they expected law in nature because they believed in a lawgiver.'
In other words, it was belief in God, the motor that drove modern science". American geneticist Francis Collins cites Lewis as persuasive in convincing him that theism is the more rational world view than atheism. Other criticisms focus on perceived effects on morality and social cohesion; the Enlightenment philosopher Voltaire, a deist, saw godlessness as weakening "the sacred bonds of society", writing: "If God did not exist, it would be necessary to invent him". The father of classical liberalism, John Locke, believed that the denial of God's existence would undermine the social order and lead to chaos. Edmund Burke, an 18th-century Irish philosopher and statesman praised by both his conservative and liberal peers for his "comprehensive intellect", saw religion as the basis of civil society and wrote that "man is by his constitution a religious animal. Pope Pius XI wrote that Communist atheism was aimed at "upsetting the social order and at undermining the foundations of Christian civilization".
In the 1990s, Pope John Paul II criticised a spreading "practical atheism" as clouding the "religious and moral sense of the human heart" and leading to societies which struggle to maintain harmony. The advocacy of atheism by some of the more violent exponents of the French Revolution, the subsequent militancy of Marxist–Leninist atheism and prominence of atheism in totalitarian states formed in the 20th century is cited in critical assessments of the implications of atheism. In his Reflections on the Revolution in France, Burke railed against "atheistical fanaticism"; the 1937 papal encyclical Divini Redemptoris denounced the atheism of the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin, influential in the establishment of state atheism across Eastern Europe and elsewhere, including Mao Zedong's China, Kim's North Korea and Pol Pot's Cambodia. Critics of atheism associate the actions of 20th-century state atheism with broader atheism in their critiques. Various poets and lay theologians, among them G. K. Chesterton and C.
S. Lewis, have criticized atheism. For example, Chesterton holds that "e who does not believe in God will believe in anything". Atheism is the absence of belief that any gods exist, the position that there are no gods, or the rejection of belief in the existence of gods. Deism is a form of theism in which God created the universe and established rationally comprehensible moral and natural laws but does not intervene in human affairs through special revelation. Deism is a natural religion where belief in God is based on application of reason and evidence observed in the designs and laws found in nature. Christian deism refers to a deist; the last 50 years has seen an increase in academic philosophical arguments critical of the positions of atheism arguing that they are philosophically unsound. Some of the more common of these arguments are the presumption of atheism, the logical argument from evil, the evidential argument from evil, the argument from nonbelief and absence of evidence arguments.
In 1976, atheist philosopher Antony Flew wrote The Presumption of Atheism in which he argued that the question of God's existence should begin by assuming atheism as the default position. According to Flew, the norm for academic philosophy and public dialogue was at that time for atheists and theists to both share their respective "burdens of proof" for their positions. Flew proposed instead that his academic peers redefine "atheism" to bring about these changes: What I want to examine is the contention that the debate about the existence of God should properly begin from the presumption of atheism, that the onus of proof must lie upon the theist; the word'atheism', has in this contention to be construed unusually. Whereas nowadays the usual meaning of'atheist' in English is'someone who asserts that there is no such being as God, I want the word to be understood not positively but negatively... in this interpretation an atheist becomes: not someone who positively asserts the non-existence of God.
The introduction of this new interpretation of the word'atheism' may appear to be a piece of perverse Humpty-Dumptyism, going arbitrarily against established common usage.'Whyever', it could be asked, don't you make it not the presumption of atheism but the presumption of agnosticism? Flew's proposition saw little acceptance in the 20th century
Atheist feminism is a branch of feminism that advocates atheism. Atheist feminists hold that religion is a prominent source of female oppression and inequality, believing that the majority of the religions are sexist and oppressive towards women; the first known feminist, an atheist was Ernestine Rose, born in Poland on January 13, 1810. Her open confession of disbelief in Judaism when she was a teenager brought her into conflict with her father and an unpleasant relationship developed. In order to force her into the obligations of the Jewish faith, her father, without her consent, betrothed her to a friend and fellow Jew when she was sixteen. Instead of arguing her case in a Jewish court, she went to a secular court, pleaded her own case, won. In 1829 she went to England, in 1835 she was one of the founders of the British atheist organization Association of All Classes of All Nations, which "called for human rights for all people, regardless of sex, color, or national origin", she lectured in England and America and was described by Samuel P.
Putnam 3 as "one of the best lecturers of her time". He wrote that "no orthodox man could meet her in debate". In the winter of 1836, Judge Thomas Hertell, a radical and freethinker, submitted a married women's property act in the legislature of the state of New York to investigate ways of improving the civil and property rights of married women, to permit them to hold real estate in their own name, which they were not permitted to do in New York. Upon hearing of the resolution, Ernestine Rose drew up a petition and began the soliciting of names to support the resolution in the state legislature, sending the petition to the legislature in 1838; this was the first petition drive done by a woman in New York. Ernestine continued to increase both the number of the petitions and the names until such rights were won in 1848, with the passing of the Married Women's Property Act. Others who participated in the work for the bill included Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott and Frances Wright, who were all anti-religious.
When Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton analyzed the influences which led to the Seneca Falls Convention on women's rights in 1848, they identified three causes, the first two being the radical ideas of Frances Wright and Ernestine Rose on religion and democracy, the initial reforms in women's property law in the 1830s and 1840s. Ernestine joined a group of freethinkers who had organized a Society for Moral Philanthropists, at which she lectured. In 1837, she took part in a debate that continued for thirteen weeks, where her topics included the advocacy of abolition of slavery, women's rights, equal opportunities for education, civil rights. In 1845 she was in attendance at the first national convention of infidels. Ernestine Rose introduced "the agitation on the subject of women's suffrage" in Michigan in 1846. In a lecture in Worcester, Massachusetts in 1851, she opposed calling upon the Bible to underwrite the rights of women, claiming that human rights and freedom of women were predicated upon "the laws of humanity" and that women, did not require the written authority of either Paul or Moses, because "those laws and our claim are prior" to both.
She attended the Women's Rights Convention in the Tabernacle, New York City, on September 10, 1853, spoke at the Hartford Bible Convention in 1854. It was in March of that year that she took off with Susan B. Anthony on a speaking tour to Washington, D. C. Susan B. Anthony arranged Ernestine Rose did all of the speaking. Anthony embarked on her own first lecture tour. In October 1854, Ernestine Rose was elected president of the National Women's Rights Convention at Philadelphia, overcoming the objection that she was unsuitable because of her atheism. Susan B. Anthony supported her in this fight, declaring that every religion—and none—should have an equal right on the platform. In 1856 she spoke at the Seventh National Woman's Convention saying in part, "And when your minister asks you for money for missionary purposes, tell him there are higher, holier, nobler missions to be performed at home; when he asks for colleges to educate ministers, tell him you must educate woman, that she may do away with the necessity of ministers, so that they may be able to go to some useful employment."She appeared again in Albany, New York, for the State Women's Rights Convention in early February 1861, the last one to be held until the end of the Civil War.
On May 14, 1863, she shared the podium with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Lucy Stone, Antoinette Blackwell when the first Women's National Loyal League met to call for equal rights for women, to support the government in the Civil War "in so far as it makes a war for freedom", she was in attendance at the American Equal Rights Association meeting in which there was a schism and on May 15, 1869 joined with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Lucy Stone to form a new organization, the National Woman Suffrage Association, which fought for both male and female suffrage, taking a position on the executive committee, she died at England, on August 4, 1892, at age eighty-two. The most prominent other people to publicly advocate for feminism and to challenge Christianity in the 1800s were Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Matilda Joslyn Gage. In 1885 Stanton wrote an essay entitled "Has Christianity Benefited Woman?" Arguing that it had in fact hurt women's rights, stating, "All religions thus far have taught the headship and superiority of man, the inferiority and subordina
Christopher Eric Hitchens was a British author, essayist, orator and social critic. Hitchens was the author, co-author, editor or co-editor of over 30 books, including five collections of essays on culture and literature. A staple of public discourse, his confrontational style of debate made him both a lauded intellectual and a controversial public figure, he contributed to New Statesman, The Nation, The Weekly Standard, The Atlantic, London Review of Books, The Times Literary Supplement, Free Inquiry and Vanity Fair. Having long described himself as a democratic socialist, Marxist and an anti-totalitarian, he broke from the political left after what he called the "tepid reaction" of the Western left to the Satanic Verses controversy, followed by what he perceived as an ill-advised embrace of Bill Clinton by parts of the left and the antiwar movement's opposition to NATO intervention in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the 1990s, his support of the Iraq War separated him further. His writings include critiques of public figures Bill Clinton, Henry Kissinger, Mother Teresa and Diana, Princess of Wales.
He was the elder brother of author Peter Hitchens. As an antitheist, he regarded concepts of a god or supreme being as a totalitarian belief that impedes individual freedom, he argued in favour of free expression and scientific discovery, that it was superior to religion as an ethical code of conduct for human civilization. He advocated for the separation of church and state; the dictum "What can be asserted without evidence can be dismissed without evidence" has become known as Hitchens's razor. Hitchens was born the elder of two boys in Hampshire; when they were children Christopher never got on well with his brother Peter Hitchens, a Christian and conservative journalist. His parents, Eric Ernest Hitchens and Yvonne Jean Hitchens, met in Scotland when both were serving in the Royal Navy during World War II. Christopher referred to Eric as the'commander'. Eric was deployed on HMS Jamaica which took part in the sinking of the German battleship Scharnhorst in the Battle of the North Cape on 26 December 1943.
Christopher would pay tribute to his father's contribution to the war: "Sending a Nazi convoy raider to the bottom is a better day's work than any I have done." He stated that "the remark that most summed him up was the flat statement that the war of 1939 to 1945 had been'the only time when I felt I knew what I was doing'." Eric Hitchens would work as a bookkeeper for boatbuilders, speedboat-manufacturers and at a prep school. In life, Hitchens identified as a secular Jew—since Judaism is matrilineal and he discovered his mother was Jewish, his mother was a'Wren'. His father's naval career required the family to move a number of times from base to base throughout Britain and its dependencies, including to Malta, where Christopher's brother Peter was born in Sliema in 1951. Hitchens attended Mount House School in Tavistock, from the age of eight, followed by the independent Leys School in Cambridge. In 1967, Hitchens enrolled at Balliol College, where he was tutored by Steven Lukes and Anthony Kenny and read Philosophy and Economics, graduating in 1970 with a third-class degree.
Hitchens was'bowled over' in his adolescence by Richard Llewellyn's How Green Was My Valley, Arthur Koestler's Darkness at Noon, Fyodor Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment, R. H. Tawney's critique on Religion and the Rise of Capitalism, the works of George Orwell. In 1968, he took. In the 1960s, Hitchens joined the political left, drawn by disagreement over the Vietnam War, nuclear weapons and oligarchy, including that of "the unaccountable corporation", he expressed affinity with the politically charged countercultural and protest movements of the 1960s and 1970s. He avoided the recreational drug use of the time, saying "in my cohort we were anti-hedonistic...it made it much easier for police provocation to occur, because the planting of drugs was something that happened to everyone one knew." Hitchens was inspired to become a journalist after reading a piece by James Cameron. Hitchens was bisexual during his younger days, he claimed to have had sexual relations with two male students at Oxford who would become Tory ministers during the prime ministership of Margaret Thatcher, although he would not reveal their names publicly.
Hitchens joined the Labour Party in 1965, but along with the majority of the Labour students' organisation was expelled in 1967, because of what Hitchens called "Prime Minister Harold Wilson's contemptible support for the war in Vietnam". Under the influence of Peter Sedgwick, who translated the writings of Russian revolutionary and Soviet dissident Victor Serge, Hitchens forged an ideological interest in Trotskyism and anti-Stalinist socialism. Shortly after, he joined "a small but growing post-Trotskyist Luxemburgist sect". Early in his career Hitchens began working as a correspondent for the magazine International Socialism, published by the International Socialists, the forerunners of today's British Socialist Workers Party; this group was broadly Trotskyist, but differed from more orthodox Trotskyist groups in its refusal to defend communist states as "workers' states". Their slogan was "Neither Washington nor Moscow but International Socialism". In 1971 Hitchens went to work at the Times Higher Education Supplement where he served as a social science correspondent.
Hitchens admitted that he hated the position, was fired after six months in the job. Next he was a research
Argument from inconsistent revelations
The argument from inconsistent revelations known as the avoiding the wrong hell problem, is an argument against the existence of God. It asserts that it is unlikely that God exists because many theologians and faithful adherents have produced conflicting and mutually exclusive revelations; the argument states that since a person not privy to revelation must either accept it or reject it based upon the authority of its proponent, there is no way for a mere mortal to resolve these conflicting claims by investigation, it is prudent to reserve one's judgment. It is argued that it is difficult to accept the existence of any one God without personal revelation. Most arguments for the existence of God are not specific to any one religion and could be applied to many religions with near equal validity; when faced with these competing claims in the absence of a personal revelation, it is argued that it is difficult to decide amongst them, to the extent that acceptance of any one religion requires a rejection of the others.
Further, were a personal revelation to be granted to a nonbeliever, the same problem of confusion would develop in each new person the believer shares the revelation with. Christians believe that Jesus is the Christian Messiah, Savior of the World and the divine Son of God. Muslims believe that the Qur'an was divinely authored, while Jews and Christians do not. There are many examples of such contrasting views, opposing fundamental beliefs exist within each major religion. Christianity, for example, has many subsets, which differ on issues of doctrine. Hinduism, with its conception of multiple avatars being expressions of one Supreme God, is more open to the possibility that other religions might be correct for their followers, but this same principle requires the rejection of the exclusivity demanded by each of the Abrahamic religions. Additionally, faith-confirming events such as visions and miracles are reported within all faiths with regularity. A single deity associated with a single exclusive existing faith or sect would either have to have caused adherents to other faiths to have visionary or miraculous experiences which lead them to continue to reject the true faith, or at least allowed some other agency to cause these same effects.
The problem does not arise in some theological models. In Deism, it is believed that there is a God, but presumed that there are no divinely caused revelations or miracles at all, leaving reports of such to have natural explanations. In some forms of Pantheism and in Pandeism, the appearance of many inconsistent divine revelations or miracles might result unintentionally from the divine nature of the Universe itself; the concept of mutual exclusivity of different religions itself is associated with Abrahamic faiths. The roots of the mutual exclusivity may be seen in the Torah, where Jews are ordered to worship the God of Israel to the exclusion of all others; the argument appears, in Voltaire's Candide and Philosophical Dictionary. It is manifested in Denis Diderot's statement that, whatever proofs are offered for the existence of God in Christianity or any other religion, "an Imam can reason the same way". Argumentum ad populum Argument from nonbelief Denis Diderot Voltaire
History of atheism
Atheism is the absence or rejection of the belief that deities exist. The English term was used at least as early as the sixteenth century and atheistic ideas and their influence have a longer history. Over the centuries, atheists have supported their lack of belief in gods through a variety of avenues, including scientific and ideological notions. In the East, a contemplative life not centered on the idea of deities began in the sixth century BCE with the rise of Indian religions such as Jainism and various sects of Hinduism in ancient India, of Taoism in ancient China. Within the astika schools of Hindu philosophy, the Samkhya and the early Mimamsa school did not accept a creator deity in their respective systems; the Vedas in the Indian subcontinent admitted only the possibility that deities might exist but went no further. Neither prayers nor sacrifices were suggested in any way by the tribes. Philosophical atheist thought began to appear in Europe and Asia in the sixth or fifth century BCE.
Will Durant, in his The Story of Civilization, explained that certain pygmy tribes found in Africa were observed to have no identifiable cults or rites. There were no totems, no deities, no spirits, their dead were buried without special ceremonies or accompanying items and received no further attention. They appeared to lack simple superstitions, according to travelers' reports. In the East, a contemplative life not centered on the idea of deities began in the sixth century BCE with the rise of Jainism and various sects of Hinduism in India, of Taoism in China; these religions offered a salvific path not involving deity worship. Deities are not seen as necessary to the salvific goal of the early Buddhist tradition, their reality is explicitly questioned and rejected. There is a fundamental incompatibility between the notion of gods and basic Buddhist principles, at least in some interpretations. Within the astika schools of Hindu philosophy, the Samkhya and the early Mimamsa school did not accept a creator-deity in their respective systems.
The principal text of the Samkhya school, the Samkhya Karika, was written by Ishvara Krishna in the fourth century CE, by which time it was a dominant Hindu school. The origins of the school are lost in legend; the school was both atheistic. They believed in a dual existence of Prakriti and Purusha and had no place for an Ishvara in its system, arguing that the existence of Ishvara cannot be proved and hence cannot be admitted to exist; the school dominated Hindu philosophy in its day, but declined after the tenth century, although commentaries were still being written as late as the sixteenth century. The foundational text for the Mimamsa school is the Purva Mimamsa Sutras of Jaimini; the school reached its height c. 700 CE, for some time in the Early Middle Ages exerted near-dominant influence on learned Hindu thought. The Mimamsa school saw their primary enquiry was into the nature of dharma based on close interpretation of the Vedas, its core tenets were ritualism and antimysticism. The early Mimamsakas believed in an adrishta, the result of performing karmas and saw no need for an Ishvara in their system.
Mimamsa persists in some subschools of Hinduism today. The materialistic and antireligious philosophical Cārvāka school that originated in India with the Bārhaspatya-sūtras is the most explicitly atheist school of philosophy in the region; the school grew out of the generic skepticism in the Mauryan period. In the sixth century BCE, Ajita Kesakambalin, was quoted in Pali scriptures by the Buddhists with whom he was debating, teaching that "with the break-up of the body, the wise and the foolish alike are annihilated, destroyed, they do not exist after death." Cārvākan philosophy is now known principally from its Buddhist opponents. The proper aim of a Cārvākan, according to these sources, was to live a prosperous, productive life in this world; the Tattvopaplavasimha of Jayarashi Bhatta is sometimes cited as a surviving Carvaka text. The school appears to have died out sometime around the fifteenth century; the nonadherence to the notion of a supreme deity or a prime mover is seen by many as a key distinction between Buddhism and other religions.
While Buddhist traditions do not deny the existence of supernatural beings, it does not ascribe powers, in the typical Western sense, for creation, salvation or judgement, to the "gods", praying to enlightened deities is sometimes seen as leading to some degree of spiritual merit. Buddhists accept the existence of beings in higher realms, known as devas, but they, like humans, are said to be suffering in samsara, not wiser than we are. In fact the Buddha is portrayed as a teacher of the deities, superior to them. Despite this they do have some enlightened Devas in the path of buddhahood. Jains see their tradition as eternal. Organized Jainism can be dated back to Parshva who lived in the ninth century BCE, more reliably, to Mahavira, a teacher of the sixth century BCE, a contemporary of the Buddha. Jainism is a dualistic religion with the universe made up of matter and souls; the universe, the matter and souls within it, is eternal and uncreated, there is no omnipotent creator deity in Jainism.
There are, however, "gods" and other spirits who exist within the universe and Jains believe that the soul can atta
William Maher is an American comedian, political commentator, television host. He is known for the HBO political talk show Real Time with Bill Maher and the similar late-night show called Politically Incorrect on Comedy Central and on ABC. Maher is known for political satire and sociopolitical commentary, he targets many topics including political correctness and the mass media. Maher supports the legalization of cannabis, serving on the advisory board of NORML, his critical views of religion were the basis for the 2008 documentary film Religulous. He is a supporter of animal rights, having served on the board of PETA since 1997 and is an advisory board member of Project Reason. In 2005, Maher ranked at number 38 on Comedy Central's 100 greatest stand-up comedians of all time, he received a Hollywood Walk of Fame star on September 14, 2010. Maher was born in New York City, his father, William Aloysius Maher Jr. was a network news editor and radio announcer, his mother, Julie Maher, was a nurse. He was raised in his Irish-American father's Roman Catholic religion.
Until his early teens, he was unaware. Owing to his disagreement with the Catholic Church's doctrine about birth control, Maher's father stopped taking Maher and his sister to Catholic church services when Maher was thirteen. Maher was raised in River Vale, New Jersey, graduated from Pascack Hills High School in Montvale in 1974, he attended Cornell University, where he double majored in English and history, graduated in 1978. Maher has said: "selling pot allowed me to get through college and make enough money to start off in comedy." Maher began his career as a actor. He was host of the New York City comedy club Catch a Rising Star in 1979. Maher began appearing on Johnny Carson's and David Letterman's shows in 1982, he made limited television appearances including on Sara, Max Headroom, She Wrote, Charlie Hoover. His feature film debut was in D. C. Cab, he appeared in Ratboy, House II: The Second Story, Cannibal Women in the Avocado Jungle of Death, hosted the talk show Midnight Hour on CBS, Pizza Man.
Maher assumed the host role on Politically Incorrect with Bill Maher, a late-night political talk show that ran on Comedy Central from 1993 to 1997 and on ABC from 1997 to 2002. The show began with a topical monologue by Maher preceding the introduction of four guests a diverse group of individuals, such as show business, popular culture, political pundits, political consultants and news figures; the group would discuss topical issues selected by Maher, who participated in the discussions. Jerry Seinfeld, a regular guest on the show, stated that Politically Incorrect reminded him of talk shows from the 1950s and'60s "when guests interacted with each other as much as with the host". Politically Incorrect won an array of awards, including an Emmy Award for Outstanding Technical Direction, two CableACE awards for Best Talk Show Series, a Genesis Award for Best Television Talk Show. Maher earned numerous award nominations for his producing and hosting of Politically Incorrect, including ten Emmy nominations, two TV Guide nominations, two Writers Guild nominations.
ABC decided against renewing Maher's contract for Politically Incorrect in 2002, after he made a controversial on-air remark six days after the September 11 attacks. He agreed with his guest, conservative pundit Dinesh D'Souza, that the 9/11 terrorists did not act in a cowardly manner. Maher said, "We have been the cowards. Lobbing cruise missiles from 2,000 miles away. That's cowardly. Staying in the airplane when it hits the building. Say what you want about it. Not cowardly. You're right." Maher clarified that his comment was not anti-military in any way whatsoever, referencing his well-documented longstanding support for the American military. After receiving complaints, FedEx and Sears Roebuck pulled their advertisements from the show, costing the show significant revenue. Maher's remarks after 9/11 were not the first time he had sparked controversy on Politically Incorrect. In the same year, he expressed his deep regrets and apologized after being criticized for comparing his dogs to retarded children.
The show was canceled on June 16, 2002, the Sinclair Broadcast Group had dropped the show from its ABC-affiliated stations months prior. On June 22, 2002, just six days after the cancellation of Politically Incorrect, Maher received the Los Angeles Press Club president's award. Maher was on the board of judges for the 2002 PEN/Newman's Own First Amendment Award. In 2003, Maher became the host, co-producer, co-writer of Real Time with Bill Maher, a weekly hour-long political comedy talk show on the cable television network HBO. In 2016, HBO renewed Real Time for its 15th and 16th seasons. During an interview, Maher told Terry Gross that he much prefers having serious and well-informed guests on his program, as opposed to the random celebrities that fleshed out his roundtable discussions on Politically Incorrect; as with his previous show, Politically Incorrect, Maher begins Real Time with a comic opening monologue based upon current events and other topical issues. He proceeds to a one-on-one interview with a guest, either in-studio or via satellite.
Following the interview, Maher sits with two or three panelists consisting of pundits, activists, actors and journalists, for a discussion of the week's events. R
Lawrence M. Krauss
Lawrence Maxwell Krauss is an American-Canadian theoretical physicist and cosmologist, a professor in the School of Earth and Space Exploration at Arizona State University and a former professor at Yale University and Case Western Reserve University. He founded ASU's Origins Project to investigate fundamental questions about the universe and served as its director until July 2018. In response to allegations about sexual misconduct by Krauss, ASU conducted an investigation. Having determined that Krauss had violated university policy, they removed him from his position as director. Krauss continued on as a Professor at ASU, will retire from that position in May of 2019. In January 2019 it was announced that he had become President of the Origins Project Foundation, a non-profit organization that will run public events on science and society as well as other educational opportunities, he will host a new Origins Podcast. He is an advocate of the public understanding of science, of public policy based on sound empirical data, of scientific skepticism and of science education.
Krauss, an atheist, works to reduce the influence of what he regards as superstition and religious dogma in popular culture. Krauss is the author of several bestselling books, including The Physics of Star Trek and A Universe from Nothing, chaired the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists Board of Sponsors. Krauss was born on May 27, 1954, in New York City, but spent his childhood in Toronto, Canada, he was raised in a Jewish household. Krauss received undergraduate degrees in mathematics and physics with first-class honours at Carleton University in 1977, was awarded a PhD in physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1982. After some time in the Harvard Society of Fellows, Krauss became an assistant professor at Yale University in 1985 and associate professor in 1988, he was named the Ambrose Swasey Professor of Physics, professor of astronomy, was chairman of the physics department at Case Western Reserve University from 1993 to 2005. In 2006, Krauss led the initiative for the no-confidence vote against Case Western Reserve University's president Edward M. Hundert and provost John L. Anderson by the College of Arts and Sciences faculty.
On March 2, 2006, both no-confidence votes were carried: 131–44 against Hundert and 97–68 against Anderson. In August 2008, Krauss joined the faculty at Arizona State University as a Foundation Professor in the School of Earth and Space Exploration at the Department of Physics in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, he became the Director of the Origins Project, a university initiative "created to explore humankind's most fundamental questions about our origins". In 2009, he helped inaugurate this initiative at the Origins Symposium, in which eighty scientists participated and three thousand people attended. In January 2019 Krauss became President of the Origins Project Foundation, a non-profit organization that will run public events on science and society as well as other educational opportunities, he will host a new Origins Podcast. Krauss appears in the media both at home and abroad to facilitate public outreach in science, he has written editorials for The New York Times. As a result of his appearance in 2002 before the state school board of Ohio, his opposition to intelligent design has gained national prominence.
Krauss attended and was a speaker at the Beyond Belief symposia in November 2006 and October 2008. He served on the science policy committee for Barack Obama's first presidential campaign and in 2008, was named co-president of the board of sponsors of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. In 2010, he was elected to the board of directors of the Federation of American Scientists, in June 2011, he joined the professoriate of the New College of the Humanities, a private college in London. In 2013, he accepted a part-time professorship at the Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics in the physics department of the Australian National University. Krauss is a critic of string theory. In his 2012 book A Universe from Nothing Krauss says about string theory "we still have no idea if this remarkable theoretical edifice has anything to do with the real world". Another book, released in March 2011, titled Quantum Man: Richard Feynman's Life in Science, while A Universe from Nothing —with an afterword by Richard Dawkins—was released in January 2012 and became a New York Times bestseller within a week.
Its foreword was to have been written by Christopher Hitchens, but Hitchens grew too ill to complete it. The paperback version of the book appeared in January 2013 with a new question-and-answer section and a preface integrating the 2012 discovery of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider. On March 21, 2017, his newest book,'The Greatest Story Ever Told—So Far: Why Are We Here?' was released in hardcover and audio version. A July 2012 article in Newsweek, written by Krauss, indicates how the Higgs particle is related to our understanding of the Big Bang, he wrote a longer piece in the New York Times explaining the science behind and significance of the particle. In a February 2018 article describing allegations that "range from offensive comments to groping and non-consensual sexual advances", BuzzFeed reported a variety of sexual misconduct claims against Krauss, including two complaints from his years at CWRU. Krauss responded that the article was "slanderous" and "factually incorrect".
In a public statement, he apologized "to anyone he made feel intimidated or uncomfortable", but stated that the BuzzFeed article "ignored counter-evidence, distorted the facts and made absurd claims about me."ASU stated that they had not received comp