Football in Greece
Football is the most popular sport in Greece, followed by basketball. The Ancient Greeks are known to have played many ball games, some of which involved the use of the feet; the Roman game harpastum is believed to have been adapted from a Greek team game known as "ἐπίσκυρος" or "φαινίνδα", mentioned by a Greek playwright and referred to by the Christian theologian Clement of Alexandria. These games appear to have resembled rugby football. In the modern era, association football was introduced to the Greeks by expatriate British communities and military personnel; the first Greek football teams were created as part of long-established athletic and gymnastic clubs in the major port cities of Athens and Thessaloniki, as well as among the large Greek communities of the Ottoman Empire, such as Constantinople and Smyrna, in the early 1900s. After the Asia Minor Disaster of 1922 which resulted in a large resettlement of Greeks from Turkey to Greece, several clubs, such as Panionios G. S. S. and Apollon Smyrni F.
C. were transplanted, while many athletes of other clubs, like Pera, formed new organizations in their new home. The first league of professional football in Greece was established as the Panhellenic Championship in 1927; the league ran until 1959, when it was replaced by the Alpha Ethniki which ran until 2006 when it was replaced by Superleague Greece. According to FIFPro, an organization that represents professional players, nearly 70 percent of players complained in a 2011 survey of problems with not being paid. Superleague Greece is the top-flight professional football division within Greece; the league contains 16 clubs, with the winners of the league becoming the Champions of Greece. The team with the most national championships is Olympiacos, who have won 42 times - 8 Super League titles, 19 Alpha Ethniki titles and 15 Panhellenic Championships. Two other P. O. K. Clubs dominate the history of Greek football. At the end of the season the bottom two clubs in Super League are relegated to Football League, to be replaced by teams promoted from that division.
Below the Football League the league structure becomes regionalised, with four groups constituting Gamma Ethniki and numerous Local championships one level lower. There is one major cup competition in Greek football, the Greek Cup, it includes clubs from every division of football in Greece. Until 2008, another major cup competition was the Greek Super Cup, an annual game held between the winner of the Greek Super League and Greek Cup. Club sides may qualify to play in European tournaments under the jurisdiction of UEFA; the champions of Super League qualify for the Group Stage of the following season's UEFA Champions' League. The teams finishing in second to fifth position qualify for a round-robin playoff, the winner of which will enter the Champions League at the Third Qualifying Round; the other three teams will qualify for the following season's UEFA Europa League, at the Play-off, Third Qualifying or Second Qualifying Round stage, dependent on their performance in the national level playoff.
The winner of the Greek Cup qualifies for the Europa League. If this club has qualified for a UEFA competition the place is given to the runners-up; the only Greek team to have reached the final of a UEFA competition is Panathinaikos, who were European Cup runners-up in 1970–71. The Greek national team's first match came on April 1929 in a 1-4 loss to Italy. Greece have qualified for the FIFA World Cup three times, in 1994, in 2010 and in 2014. Greece have qualified for the European Championship four times, their first in 1980, their second in 2004, their third in 2008 and their fourth in 2012. 2004 was their most successful run as they became champions by defeating hosts Portugal in the finals. A national league for women has existed since 1987. Now known as the Greek football women A Division, it was started in 1987 as the Pan-Hellenic Championship. In recent years PAOK FC have dominated the league. Episkyros Greek football clubs in European competitions List of football stadiums in Greece Sport in Greece
Panathinaikos Football Club, known as Panathinaikos, or by its full name, the name of its parent sports club, Panathinaikos A. O. or PAO, is a Greek professional football club based in the capital-city of Athens. The name "Panathinaikos" was inspired by the ancient work of Isocrates, where the orator praises the Athenians for their democratic education and their military superiority, used for the benefit of all Greeks. Today a part of Panathinaikos A. O. they are the oldest active football club in Greece founded only to practice this sport. Created in 1908 as "Podosfairikos Omilos Athinon" by Georgios Kalafatis, they play in the Super League Greece, being one of the most successful clubs in Greek football and one of three clubs which have never been relegated from the top division. Amongst their major titles are 20 Greek Championships, 18 Greek Cups, achieving eight times the Double, 3 Greek Super Cups, they are the only club that won a championship undefeated, going without a loss in a top-flight campaign, a feat that no other club in Greece has been able to achieve.
Panathinaikos is the most successful Greek club in terms of achievements in the European competitions. It is the only Greek team that has reached the European Cup final in 1971, the semi-finals twice, in 1985 and 1996, it is the only Greek team that has played for the Intercontinental Cup. Furthermore, they have reached the quarter-finals of the Champions League on another two occasions, as well as the quarter-finals of the UEFA Cup twice, they have won the Balkans Cup in 1977. Panathinaikos is a member of the European Club Association. Since the 1950s, the club maintains some of the oldest and most successful academies in Greece, producing talent for the first team and feeding the Greek national football team. Panathinaikos became professional and independent in 1979, they have played their home games in the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium, considered their traditional home ground, the Athens Olympic Stadium. According to the most recent researches and polls, Panathinaikos is the second-most popular football team in Greece, with the percentage difference between Olympiacos and themselves varying between 2% to 9%.
The club has million of fans inside Greece and millions of others in the Greek communities all over the world. They hold a long-term rivalry with Olympiacos, the clash between the two teams being referred to as the "Derby of the eternal enemies."The derby of the eternal enemies is traditionally included among the world's top 10 greatest football derbies, by the international media, compared with rivalries such as Boca Juniors-River Plate, Real Madrid-Barcelona, Rangers-Celtic,Galatasaray-Fenerbahce and Manchester United-Liverpool. According to the official history of the club, Panathinaikos was founded by Giorgos Kalafatis on 3 February 1908, when he and 40 other athletes decided to break away from Panellinios Gymnastikos Syllogos following the club's decision to discontinue its football team; the name of the new club was "Podosferikos Omilos Athinon". It was founded with the aim of spreading and making more known this new sport to the Athenian and Greek public in general; the intention of the founders was to create a team for all of Athens and to be connected with the rest of the European football movement, active.
The first president elected was Alexandros Kalafatis, brother of Giorgos. The ground of the team was in Patission Street. Oxford University athlete John Cyril Campbell was brought in as coach, the first time that a foreigner was appointed as the coach of a Greek team. Konstantinos Tsiklitiras, the great Greek athlete of the early 20th century, played as goalkeeper for the new team. In 1910, after a dispute among a number of board members, Kalafatis with most of the players—also followed by Campbell—decided to pull out of POA and secured a new ground in Amerikis Square. Subsequently, the name of the club changed to Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos and its colours to green and white. By 1914, Campbell had returned to England but the club was at the top of Greek football with players such as Michalis Papazoglou, Michalis Rokkos and Loukas Panourgias. In 1918, the team adopted the trifolium as its emblem. In 1921 and 1922, the Athens-Piraeus FCA organized the first two post-WWI championships, in both of which PPO was declared champion.
By that stage, the club had outgrown both the grounds in Patission Street and Amerikis Square, due to its expansion in other sports, began to look at vacant land in the area of Perivola on Alexandras Avenue as its potential new ground. After long discussions with the Municipality of Athens, an agreement was reached and in 1922 Leoforos was granted to the club; the move to a permanent home ground heralded another—final—name change to Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos, "All-Athenian Athletic Club", on 15 March 1924, from now on a multi-sport club. However, the decision was taken by 1922. In 1926, the Hellenic Football Federation was founded and the first Greek Championship under its authority took place in 1927. Panathinaikos won undefeated the Championship of 1929–30 under the guidance of József Künsztler and Angelos Messaris as the team's star player. Other notable players of this Belle Époque period of the team were Antonis Migiakis, Diomidis Symeonidis, Mimis Pierrakos and Stefanos Pierrakos, amo
AEK Athens F.C.
AEK Athens Football Club known as AEK FC, is a Greek football club based in Nea Filadelfeia, a suburb of Athens, Greece. The club is known in European competitions as AEK Athens FC. Established in Athens in 1924 by Greek refugees from Constantinople in the wake of the Greco-Turkish War, AEK has become one of the three most popular clubs in Greece and the Greek diaspora, one of the three most successful teams in Greek football, winning 32 national titles and the only one to have won all the competitions organised by the Hellenic Football Federation; the club has appeared several times in European competitions, in which they are the most successful Greek football club in terms of achievements. They were the first Greek team to compete in the group stage of the UEFA Champions League and they are the only Greek team to have reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Cup, they have reached the quarter-finals of the European Cup once and the quarter-finals of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup twice. The large Greek population of Constantinople, not unlike those of the other Ottoman urban centres, continued its athletic traditions in the form of numerous athletic clubs.
Clubs such as Énosis Tatávlon and Iraklís from the Tatavla district, Mégas Aléxandros and Ermís of Galata, Olympiás of Therapia existed to promote Hellenic athletic and cultural ideals. These were amongst a dozen Greek-backed clubs that dominated the sporting landscape of the city in the years preceding World War I. After the war, with the influx of French and British soldiers to Constantinople, many of the city's clubs participated in regular competition with teams formed by the foreign troops. Taxim and Tatavla became the scene of weekly competitions in not only football, but athletics, cycling and tennis. Of the clubs in the city, football was dominated by Énosis Ermís. Ermís, one of the most popular sports clubs, was formed in 1875 by the Greek community of Pera. Known as "Pera" since the mid 1880s, "The Greek Football Team" when its football department was formed in 1914, it was forced to change its name to "Pera Sports Club", "Beyoğluspor Kulübü" in 1923. Many of its athletes, those of most other sporting clubs, fled during the population exchanges at the end of the Greco-Turkish War, settled in Athens and Thessaloniki.
In 1924, the founders of AEK – a group of Constantinopolitan refugees – met at the athletic shop "Lux" of Emilios Ionas and Konstantinos Dimopoulos on Veranzerou Street, in the center of Athens, created AEK. Their intention was to create a club that provided athletic and cultural diversions for the thousands of predominantly Constantinopolitan and Anatolian refugees who had settled in the new suburbs of Athens; the first team of AEK was: GK: Kitsos, DF: Ieremiadis, DF: Asderis, MF: Kechagias, MF: Paraskevas, MF: Dimopoulos, MF: Karagiannides, FW: Baltas, FW: Milas, FW: Iliades, FW: Georgiades. AEK played its first match against Aias Athinon in November 1924, winning 2–0. AEK's football team grew in popularity during the 1920s, eclipsing the already-established Athens-based refugee clubs, thanks to the large pool of immigrants that were drawn to the club, the significance of the name "Constantinople" for many refugees and Greeks, plus, in no small part, to the political connections and wealth of several of the club's board members.
Not possessing a football ground, AEK played most of its early matches at various locations around Athens, including the grounds of the Temple of Olympian Zeus and the Leoforos Alexandras Stadium. AEK's first president, Konstantinos Spanoudis, a journalist and associate of the Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos, petitioned the government to set aside land for the establishment of a sports ground. In 1926, land in Nea Filadelfeia, set aside for refugee housing, was donated as a training ground for the refugees' sports activities. AEK began using the ground for training, albeit unofficially. In 1928, Olympiacos and AEK began a dispute with the fledgling Hellenic Football Federation, decided to break away from the Athens regional league, formed an alliance called POK. During the dispute, POK organised friendly matches against each other and several continental European clubs. In 1929, the dispute ended and AEK, along with the other POK clubs, entered the EPO fold once again. In 1930, the property where AEK trained was signed over to the club.
Venizelos soon approved the plans to build what was to become AEK's home ground for the next 70 years, the Nikos Goumas Stadium. The first home game, in November 1930, was an exhibition match against Olympiacos that ended in a 2–2 draw. In 1932, AEK won their first Greek Cup title; the team boasted a number of star football players like Kostas Negrepontis, Kleanthis Maropoulos, Tryfon Tzanetis, Michalis Delavinias, Giorgos Mageiras, Spyros Sklavounos. The club's mixed success during the 1930s was highlighted by the first Greek Champio
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association is an organization which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, fútsal, beach soccer, eFootball. FIFA is responsible for the organization of football's major international tournaments, notably the World Cup which commenced in 1930 and the Women's World Cup which commenced in 1991. FIFA was founded in 1904 to oversee international competition among the national associations of Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland. Headquartered in Zürich, its membership now comprises 211 national associations. Member countries must each be members of one of the six regional confederations into which the world is divided: Africa, Europe, North & Central America and the Caribbean and South America. Although FIFA does not control the rules of football, that being the responsibility of the International Football Association Board, it is responsible for both the organization of a number of tournaments and their promotion, which generate revenue from sponsorship.
In 2017, FIFA had revenues of over US $734 million, for a net loss of $189 million, had cash reserves of over US$930 million. Reports by investigative journalists have linked FIFA leadership with corruption and vote-rigging related to the election of FIFA president Sepp Blatter and the organization's decision to award the 2018 and 2022 World Cups to Russia and Qatar, respectively; these allegations led to the indictments of nine high-ranking FIFA officials and five corporate executives by the U. S. Department of Justice on charges including racketeering, wire fraud, money laundering. On 27 May 2015, several of these officials were arrested by Swiss authorities, who were launching a simultaneous but separate criminal investigation into how the organization awarded the 2018 and 2022 World Cups; those among these officials who were indicted in the U. S. are expected to be extradited to face charges there as well. Many officials were suspended by FIFA's ethics committee including Michel Platini. In early 2017 reports became public about FIFA president Gianni Infantino attempting to prevent the re-elections of both chairmen of the ethics committee, Cornel Borbély and Hans-Joachim Eckert, during the FIFA congress in May 2017.
On May 9, 2017, following Infantino's proposal, FIFA Council decided not to renew the mandates of Borbély and Eckert. Together with the chairmen, 11 of 13 committee members were removed; the need for a single body to oversee association football became apparent at the beginning of the 20th century with the increasing popularity of international fixtures. The Fédération Internationale de Football Association was founded in the rear of the headquarters of the Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques at the Rue Saint Honoré 229 in Paris on 21 May 1904; the French name and acronym are used outside French-speaking countries. The founding members were the national associations of Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland; that same day, the German Football Association declared its intention of affiliating through a telegram. The first president of FIFA was Robert Guérin. Guérin was replaced in 1906 by Daniel Burley Woolfall from England, by a member of the association; the first tournament FIFA staged, the association football competition for the 1908 Olympics in London was more successful than its Olympic predecessors, despite the presence of professional footballers, contrary to the founding principles of FIFA.
Membership of FIFA expanded beyond Europe with the application of South Africa in 1909, Argentina in 1912, Canada and Chile in 1913, the United States in 1914. During World War II, with many players sent off to war and the possibility of travel for international fixtures limited, the organization's survival was in doubt. Post-war, following the death of Woolfall, the organisation was run by Dutchman Carl Hirschmann, it was saved from extinction but at the cost of the withdrawal of the Home Nations, who cited an unwillingness to participate in international competitions with their recent World War enemies. The Home Nations resumed their membership; the FIFA collection is held by the National Football Museum at Urbis in England. The first World Cup was held in 1930 in Uruguay. FIFA is headquartered in Zürich, is an association established under the law of Switzerland. FIFA's supreme body is the FIFA Congress, an assembly made up of representatives from each affiliated member association; each national football association has one vote, regardless of footballing strength.
The Congress assembles in ordinary session once every year, extraordinary sessions have been held once a year since 1998. The congress makes decisions relating to FIFA's governing statutes and their method of implementation and application. Only the Congress can pass changes to FIFA's statutes; the congress approves the annual report, decides on the acceptance of new national associations and holds elections. Congress elects the President of FIFA, its general secretary, the other members of the FIFA Council in the year following the FIFA World Cup. FIFA Council — called the FIFA Executive Committee and chaired by the president — is the main decision-making body of the organisation in the intervals of congress; the council is composed of 37 people: the president. The Executive Committee is the body that decides w
Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years and its earliest human presence starting somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennium BC. Classical Athens was a powerful city-state that emerged in conjunction with the seagoing development of the port of Piraeus, a distinct city prior to its 5th century BC incorporation with Athens. A center for the arts and philosophy, home of Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum, it is referred to as the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of democracy because of its cultural and political impact on the European continent, in particular the Romans. In modern times, Athens is a large cosmopolitan metropolis and central to economic, industrial, maritime and cultural life in Greece. In 2012, Athens was ranked the world's 39th richest city by purchasing power and the 67th most expensive in a UBS study. Athens is a global one of the biggest economic centres in southeastern Europe.
It has a large financial sector, its port Piraeus is both the largest passenger port in Europe, the second largest in the world. While at the same time being the sixth busiest passenger port in Europe; the Municipality of Athens had a population of 664,046 within its administrative limits, a land area of 38.96 km2. The urban area of Athens extends beyond its administrative municipal city limits, with a population of 3,090,508 over an area of 412 km2. According to Eurostat in 2011, the functional urban area of Athens was the 9th most populous FUA in the European Union, with a population of 3.8 million people. Athens is the southernmost capital on the European mainland; the heritage of the classical era is still evident in the city, represented by ancient monuments and works of art, the most famous of all being the Parthenon, considered a key landmark of early Western civilization. The city retains Roman and Byzantine monuments, as well as a smaller number of Ottoman monuments. Athens is home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Acropolis of Athens and the medieval Daphni Monastery.
Landmarks of the modern era, dating back to the establishment of Athens as the capital of the independent Greek state in 1834, include the Hellenic Parliament and the so-called "architectural trilogy of Athens", consisting of the National Library of Greece, the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens and the Academy of Athens. Athens is home to several museums and cultural institutions, such as the National Archeological Museum, featuring the world's largest collection of ancient Greek antiquities, the Acropolis Museum, the Museum of Cycladic Art, the Benaki Museum and the Byzantine and Christian Museum. Athens was the host city of the first modern-day Olympic Games in 1896, 108 years it welcomed home the 2004 Summer Olympics, making it one of only a handful of cities to have hosted the Olympics more than once. In Ancient Greek, the name of the city was Ἀθῆναι a plural. In earlier Greek, such as Homeric Greek, the name had been current in the singular form though, as Ἀθήνη, it was rendered in the plural on, like those of Θῆβαι and Μυκῆναι.
The root of the word is not of Greek or Indo-European origin, is a remnant of the Pre-Greek substrate of Attica. In antiquity, it was debated whether Athens took its name from its patron goddess Athena or Athena took her name from the city. Modern scholars now agree that the goddess takes her name from the city, because the ending -ene is common in names of locations, but rare for personal names. During the medieval period, the name of the city was rendered once again in the singular as Ἀθήνα. However, after the establishment of the modern Greek state, due to the conservatism of the written language, Ἀθῆναι became again the official name of the city and remained so until the abandonment of Katharevousa in the 1970s, when Ἀθήνα, Athína, became the official name. According to the ancient Athenian founding myth, the goddess of wisdom, competed against Poseidon, the god of the seas, for patronage of the yet-unnamed city. According to the account given by Pseudo-Apollodorus, Poseidon struck the ground with his trident and a salt water spring welled up.
In an alternative version of the myth from Vergil's Georgics, Poseidon instead gave the Athenians the first horse. In both versions, Athena offered the Athenians the first domesticated olive tree. Cecrops declared Athena the patron goddess of Athens. Different etymologies, now rejected, were proposed during the 19th century. Christian Lobeck proposed as the root of the name the word ἄθος or ἄνθος meaning "flower", to denote Athens as the "flowering city". Ludwig von Döderlein proposed the stem of the verb θάω, stem θη- to denote Athens as having fertile soil. In classical literature, the city was sometimes referred to as the City of the Violet Crown, first documented in Pindar's ἰοστέφανοι Ἀθᾶναι, or as τὸ κλεινὸν ἄστυ. In medieval texts, variant names include Setines and Astines, all derivations involving false splitting of p
P. A. O. Rouf is a Greek football club, based in Athens; the association was founded in 1947. The club has played in its traditional colours of red and white since its creation in 1947, after World War II; the chairman of the club is a Greek businessman. The current stadium is the Municipal Stadium Rouf, seating 1,600 spectators In 1968, Amyna Rouf and Erigona merged with Rouf. In 2009, they promoted to Gamma Ethniki. During the 2011–12 season Rouf were active in the Football League 2 - South in Greece and spent their third consecutive season in the third tier of Greek football. On occasion the club has been criticised for being a "mesh up" of several Greek clubs including Olympiacos Piraeus and Panathinaikos; the average attendance at Rouf's home games in the 2011–12 season was 467, An increase on the 2010–11 season by 109. Dimitris Arnoutis is the manager and head coach of the club and has enjoyed a run of success since taking over from Michalis Papadopoulos in late 2007, he is the longest serving manager at the club since Costas Gianakis from 1956 to 1970.
In the 2012–13 season, the club played in the Delta Ethniki. 1972: Second Division - Group 2: 3rd 1973: Second Division - Group 1: 3rd 1974: Second Division - Group 1: 9th 1975: Second Division - Group 1: 14th - relegated 2009: Delta Ethniki - Group 8: 1st 2010–11: Football League 2 - South Group: 11th 2011–12: Football League 2 - South Group: 12th - relegated Sources: Athens Cup: 1976: Defeated Kallithea F. C. 3-2 2002: Defeated Thrasyvoulos Fyli 1-0 2009: Defeated Olympiakos Liossia 2-1 Greek Cup: 1976: Niki Volos - Rouf: 2-1 Michael Giannoukakis Ioannis Georgopoulos Giannakopoulos brothers Vasilis Kandias Kotsos brothers Georgios Labrou Panagiotis Livas Polioudakis Athanassios Remoundos Sainis Simatos brothers Stergios Stergiou Takounas Themis Vangis Xynias Official website
F.C. Goudi Athens
F. C. Goudi Athens is a defunct Greek football team, it was a top club in the early years of the sport in Greece. Greek Champion: 1908, 1910, 1913, 1914, 1916 Greek Cup: 1912 Athens Champion: 1932, 1933 Ποδοσφαιρικός Σύλλογος Γουδή