The Stadio Olimpico is the main and largest sports facility of Rome, Italy. It is located within the Foro Italico sports complex, north of the city; the structure is an asset of the Italian National Olympic Committee and it is used for association football. The Stadio Olimpico is the home stadium of Lazio and Roma and hosts the Coppa Italia final, it was rebuilt for the 1990 FIFA World Cup and it hosted the tournament final. Rated an UEFA category four stadium, it has hosted four European Cup finals, the most recent being the 2009 UEFA Champions League Final. Outside football, the stadium is used by the Italian national rugby union team and it is Italy's national athletics stadium, it hosts concerts and events. Throughout its history, the Stadio Olimpico has undergone several renovations. In its first stages, the Stadio Olimpico was called the Stadio dei Cipressi, it was designed and constructed within the larger project of the Foro Mussolini, renamed Foro Italico after the war. Construction work began in 1927 directed by the Turinese engineer Angelo Frisa and architect Enrico Del Debbio.
The construction was completed after a few variations to the original plan. For instance, the construction of masonry stands was not part of the initial plan as stands consisted of grassed terraces. In 1937, the construction of a second tier of stairs was started but was interrupted in 1940 due to the outbreak of World War II. In December 1950, the working site was reopened for the completion of the stadium; the project was entrusted to the engineer Carlo Roccatelli, a member of the Superior Council of Public Works. At first, the plan was for a stadium with a more complex structure than that realised. However, the scarcity of funds and the environmental characteristics of the area led to a less ambitious building. On the death of Roccatelli in 1951, the direction of the work was entrusted to architect Annibale Vitellozzi; the stadium now reached a capacity of about 100,000 people, hence the stadium was known as Stadio dei Centomila, until renamed for the 1960 Olympics. The building was inaugurated on 17 May 1953 with a football game between Hungary.
During the 1960 Summer Olympics, the stadium hosted the opening and closing ceremonies and the athletics competitions. Seating at ground level was eliminated with the result of an actual capacity of 65,000 spectators. Subsequently, the stadium hosted several editions of the Italian Championships of Athletics, the 1975 Summer Universiade and the 1987 World Athletics Championships, it still hosts the annual meeting of the Golden Gala. For the 1990 FIFA World Cup, for which it was the main stadium, the facility underwent an extensive renovation. While that work was underway in 1989 the Capitoline teams Lazio and Roma had to play their Serie A games at Stadio Flaminio; the work was entrusted to a team of designers including the original architect Annibale Vitellozzi. From 1987 to 1990, the construction plan was amended several times, with a consequent rise in costs; the Olimpico was demolished and rebuilt in reinforced concrete, with the exception of the Tribuna Tevere, expanded with the addition of further steps and of the curves which were closer to the field by nine metres.
All sectors of the stadium were provided with full coverage in tensostructure white. Backless seats in blue plastic were installed and two giant screens built in 1987 for the World Athletics Championships were mounted inside the curve. In the end the new version of the Olimpico had 82,911 seats, it was the 14th stadium in the world for number of seats among the football stadiums, the 29th among all stadiums and the second in Italy, just behind the San Siro Stadium of Milan. The Stadio Olimpico was host to five matches in which the Italian national team took part and the final between West Germany and Argentina. West Germany won the final match 1–0. With the same layout from 1990, the Stadio Olimpico hosted on 22 May 1996 the UEFA Champions League Final between Juventus and Ajax which saw the Bianconeri prevail in a penalty shoot-out. In 2007, a vast plan of restyling the internal design of the stadium was laid out, to conform to UEFA standards for the 2009 UEFA Champions League Final, held in Rome.
The work was performed and completed in 2008. It included the establishment of standard structures with improvements in security, the fixing of dressing rooms and of the press room, it included the replacement of all seats, the installation of high definition LED screens, the partial removal of plexiglas fences between spectators and the field and a reduction of seating to the current capacity of 70,634. In order to enhance the comfort of the audience, part of the modernisation of the stadium involved increasing the number of restrooms and fixing the toilets; as a result of these improvements, the Stadio Olimpico was classified a UEFA Elite stadium. The stadium has a current capacity of 72,698, distributed as follows: Tribuna Monte Mario – 16,555 Tribuna Tevere – 16,397 Distinti Sud Ovest – 5,747 Distinti Sud Est – 5,637 Distinti Nord Ovest – 5,769 Distinti Nord Est – 5,597 Curva Sud – 8,486 Curva Nord – 8,520 For end stage concerts/shows it can hold up to 75,000. For center stage concerts/shows it can hold up to 78,000.
1960 Summer Olympics 1974 European Athletics Championships 1975 Summer Universiade 1977 European Cup Final UEFA Euro 1980 1984 European Cup Final 1987 World Championships in Athletics 1990 FIFA World Cup 1996 UEFA Champions League Final 2001 Summer Deaflympics 2009 UEFA Champions League Final UEFA Euro 2020 The 1968 European Championship final match saw Italy win against Yugoslavia 2–0. The 1973 Intercontinental Cup match saw Independiente win the trophy against Juventus 1-0 Th
David William Sime was an American sprinter, multi-sport athlete at Duke University, a pioneering ophthalmologist. He won a silver medal in the 100-meter dash at the 1960 Olympic Games, he held several sprint records during the late 1950s. Sime was born on July 25, 1936, in Paterson, New Jersey, the son of Evelyn and Charles Sime, neither of whom graduated from high school, he grew up in Fair Lawn and played football and baseball at Fair Lawn High School, but did not run track. He was a charter member of the Fair Lawn High School Athletics Hall of Fame. Sime applied to the United States Military Academy at West Point, as his dream was to become a pilot, but discovered he was color blind and accepted a baseball scholarship to Duke University in North Carolina. Sime was a member of Duke's baseball and track and field teams, played football for a season in 1958, while a first-year medical school student, his beginnings in track were accidental: his 100-yard dash on an unmowed grass surface in baseball shoes was a rapid 9.8 seconds, the coaches soon asked him to join the track team.
Opting not to play freshman football, he had gone out for fall track to stay in shape for baseball. Sime hit over.400 as a freshman and had the intention continuing in baseball for coach Ace Parker, but his success during winter track changed that. Parker recognized the exceptional speed and Olympic potential. Sime achieved his greatest collegiate victory as a 19-year-old sophomore at the Drake Relays in April 1956, where he was named the meet's outstanding performer after setting a meet record in the 100-yard dash in 9.4 seconds. Sime was named the ACC Athlete of the Year in 1956 for his accomplishments in baseball. Prior to the Olympic trials, he and Morrow appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated in 1956. Sime was selected by the Detroit Lions in the 29th round of the 1959 NFL Draft, but he opted not to join the NFL and continued at medical school. In 2010, Duke named him their most outstanding athlete of the 20th century. A different story told by an All-American baseball player at North Carolina during the same time was that Sime was not that great at baseball.
Batted like.225 and when UNC played Duke in baseball they agreed to allow Sime to get a hit just so Carolina could watch him run the bases. Lacy said his first track meet was at the Univ. of Maryland and he broke 4 World Records. Not mentioned was the first football game he played in for Duke, it was against Notre Dame and he was a "lonesome end". He scored a 60-yard touchdown reception on the first play. On the ensuing possession by Duke, Sime scored on a 40-yard reception. After that Notre Dame had 3 guys on him the entire game and Duke defeated Notre Dame that day. Sime was slated to win 3 Gold Medals at the 1960 Olympics but tore his groin muscle and it ended his career, it was the 1964 Olympics that he was favored in but as a result of the injury he did not compete. According to Lacy, Sime's only scholarship was the baseball scholarship. Sime was unable to make the 1956 Olympics in Melbourne due to a leg injury in his first attempt to ride a horse, but he competed in Rome four years and won a silver medal when he was edged out by Armin Hary of Germany in a photo finish in the 100 meters.
He anchored the U. S. to an apparent victory in the 4×100 m relay. The team finished first in a world record time of 39.4 s but were disqualified because the at the first exchange from Budd to Norton, Norton started too early and the exchange happened outside the changeover box. The West German team who finished second in 39.5 s received the gold medals and became the new world record holders. During his career, he held world records at 100 yards, 220 yards, the 220 yd low hurdles. Sime never played sports professionally, he graduated in the top 10% of his class at the Duke University School of Medicine. He practiced medicine as an ophthalmologist in Florida, where he was a pioneer in intraocular lens transplants. Sime's eldest child Sherrie went to the University of Virginia, where she was the school's top-ranked singles tennis player, his son Scott was a state wrestling champion and all-state football player at Coral Gables High School before going on to his father's alma mater at Duke, where he was a starting fullback.
Sime's youngest child Lisa attended Stanford University. There she met her future husband, Ed McCaffrey, a Cardinal football player who went on to win three Super Bowls and a Pro Bowl during a 13-year NFL career, their son Christian McCaffrey is a running back in the NFL for the Carolina Panthers, after following his parents to Stanford where he played football. As a sophomore in 2015, he was the AP College Football Player of the Year and finished second in the Heisman Trophy balloting. After a lengthy battle with cancer, Sime died at age 79 in 2016. Maraniss, David. Rome 1960: The Olympics That Changed the World. New York, Simon & Schuster. ISBN 1-4165-3407-5. Dave Sime at the USATF Hall of Fame Dave Sime at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com Dave Sime at the International Olympic Committee Appreciating Duke Legend Dave Sime at Duke University Athletics
Athletics at the 1960 Summer Olympics – Men's pole vault
The men's pole vault field event at the 1960 Olympic Games took place on September 5 and September 7. Top twelve jumpers and ties and all jumpers reaching 4.40 metres advanced to the finals. All heights are listed in metres. Key: OR = Olympic record.
Athletics at the 1960 Summer Olympics – Women's 80 metres hurdles
The women's 80 metres hurdles hurdling event at the 1960 Olympic Games took place between August 31 and September 1. The top two runners in each of the six heats advanced to the semifinal round. Heat one Heat two Heat three Heat four Heat five Heat six The top three runners in each of the two heats advanced to the final round. Heat one Heat two Wind = 0.0 m/s. Key: OR = Olympic record
1960 Summer Olympics
The 1960 Summer Olympics known as the Games of the XVII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event, held from August 25 to September 11, 1960, in Rome, Italy. The city of Rome had been awarded the administration of the 1908 Summer Olympics, but following the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 1906, Rome had no choice but to decline and pass the honour to London. On June 15, 1955, at the 50th IOC Session in Paris, Rome won the rights to host the 1960 Games, having beaten Brussels, Mexico City, Detroit and Lausanne. Tokyo and Mexico City would subsequently host the proceeding 1964 and 1968 Summer Olympics respectively. Toronto was interested in the bidding, but appears to have dropped out during the final phase of the bid process; this was the first of five unsuccessful attempts by Toronto to secure the Summer Olympics from until the 2008 games. Swedish sprint canoeist Gert Fredriksson won his sixth Olympic title. Fencer Aladár Gerevich of Hungary won his sixth consecutive gold medal in the team sabre event.
The Japanese men's gymnastics team won the first of five successive golds. The United States men's national basketball team—led by promising college players Walt Bellamy, Jerry Lucas, Oscar Robertson and Jerry West—captured its fifth straight Olympic gold medal. Danish sailor Paul Elvstrøm won his fourth straight gold medal in the Finn class. Others to emulate his performance in an individual event are Al Oerter, Carl Lewis, Michael Phelps, Kaori Icho and, if the Intercalated Games of 1906 are included, Ray Ewry. German Armin Hary won the 100 metres in an Olympic record time of 10.2 seconds. Wilma Rudolph, a former polio patient, won three gold medals in sprint events on the track, she was acclaimed as "the fastest woman in the world". Jeff Farrell won two gold medals in swimming, he underwent an emergency appendectomy six days before the Olympic Trials. Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia won the marathon barefooted to become the first black African Olympic champion. Cassius Clay known as Muhammad Ali, won boxing's light-heavyweight gold medal.
Ramon "Buddy" Carr was one of the coaches. Herb Elliott, AUS, won the men's 1500 meters in one of the most dominating performances in Olympic history. Rafer Johnson defeated his rival and friend C. K. Yang in one of the greatest Decathlon events in Olympic history. Lance Larson, US, was controversially denied a 100 metres freestyle swimming gold, despite showing the best time; the future Constantine II, last King of Greece won his country a gold in sailing: dragon class. The Pakistani Men's Field Hockey team broke a run of Indian team victories since 1928, defeating India in the final and winning Pakistan's first Olympic gold medal. Wrestlers Shelby Wilson, Doug Blubaugh, who wrestled together growing up, won gold medals in their respective weight classes. Danish cyclist Knud Enemark Jensen collapsed during his race under the influence of Roniacol and died in the hospital, it was the second time an athlete died in competition at the Olympics, after the death of Portuguese marathon runner Francisco Lázaro at the 1912 Summer Olympics.
South Africa appeared in the Olympic arena for the last time under its apartheid regime. It would not be allowed to return until 1992, by. Singapore competed for the first time under its own flag, to become its national flag after independence, as the British had granted it self-government a year earlier. Tan Howe Liang won silver in the Weightlifting lightweight category, the first time that an athlete from Singapore won an Olympic medal. Finnish Vilho Ylönen, a field shooter, shot a bullseye to a wrong target, in so doing he dropped from second place to fourth. Peter Camejo, a 2004 American vice-presidential candidate for the Green Party, competed in yachting for Venezuela; the future Queen Sofía of Spain represented her native Greece in sailing events. CBS paid US$394,000 in today's dollars for the exclusive right to broadcast the Games in the United States; this was the first Summer Olympic games to be telecast in North America. In addition to CBS in the United States, the Olympics were telecast for the first time in Canada and in Mexico.
Since television broadcast satellites were still two years into the future, CBS, CBC, TSM shot and edited videotapes in Rome, fed the tapes to Paris where they were re-recorded onto other tapes which were loaded onto jet planes to North America. Planes carrying the tapes landed at Idlewild Airport in New York City, where mobile units fed the tapes to CBS, to Toronto for the CBC, to Mexico City for TSM. Despite this arrangement, many daytime events were broadcast in North America on CBS and CBC, the same day they took place. Olympic Stadium² - opening/closing ceremonies, equestrian events Flaminio Stadium¹ - football finals Swimming Stadium¹ - swimming, water polo, modern pentathlon Sports Palace¹ - basketball, boxing Olympic Velodrome¹ - cycling, field hockey Small Sports Palace¹ - basketball, weightlifting Marble Stadium² - field hockey preliminaries Baths of Caracalla - gymnastics Basilica of Maxentius - wrestling Palazzo dei Congressi - fencing Umberto I Shooting Range¹ - modern pentathlon, shooting Roses Swimming Pool¹ - water polo Lake Albano, Castelgandolfo - rowing, canoeing Piazza di
Carl Kaufmann was a West German sprint runner. Kaufmann specialized in the 200 m, but in 1958 changed to 400 m and won a European silver medal in the 4×400 m relay. Between 15 September 1959 and 6 September 1960 he set four European records in 400 metres, reducing the time down to 44.9 s, which remained the record until the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City. He competed for the United Team of Germany at the 1960 Summer Olympics in the 400 metres and won the silver; the finish line picture of Kaufmann's desperate lunge to try to capture the gold has been shown in many track and field publications. Both Kaufmann and Davis set a new world record time at 44.9 s and became the first athletes to run the 400 m with 45 seconds. Kaufmann joined team mates Joachim Reske, Manfred Kinder and Johannes Kaiser in the 4×400 m relay, where they won the silver medal. After retiring from competitions Kaufmann was running an amateur theatre in Karlsruhe, where he died aged 72. Carl Kaufmann at the International Olympic Committee
Armin Hary is a retired German sprinter who won the 1960 Olympic 100 meters dash. He was the first non-American to win the event since Percy Williams of Canada took the gold medal in 1928, the first man to run 100 meters in 10.0 seconds and the last white man to establish world record in 100 meters dash. After playing football in his youth, Hary switched to sprinting at age 16. Only a few years in 1958, he won his first international title when he came first in the 100 m and the 4 × 100 m at the European Championships, he was one of the first track stars to be affected by the rivalry between Adidas and Puma. Rumors of cash payments were floated, but no evidence was found to support the claim. In 1958, Hary appeared to have run a new world record with a time of 10.0 seconds, but the track's slope of 11 centimetres was found to exceed the maximum allowed 10 centimetres. In 1960 Hary set the world record, equaled 24 days but stood as a European record for eight years less one day; that same year, at the Olympics, he achieved his greatest moment of fame.
After a nerve-wracking number of near-starts, Hary sprinted to the gold medal in the 100 m dash with a time of 10.0 seconds. In the final of the 4 × 100 m relay and his teammates appeared to have finished second behind the American team, but 15 minutes the Americans had been disqualified for a faulty exchange. Germany's time, 39.5 seconds, equaled their own world record. During his career Hary had multiple conflicts with the German Athletics Federation, which suspended him; these conflicts and waning motivation to compete resulted in Hary's retirement from sport in the early 1960s. In 1980 Hary was sentenced to 18 months in prison for abusing his real estate trader position and defrauding the Catholic Church of 3.2 million German marks. In 2000 he was selected as Germany's Runner of the Millennium. In 2011 he was inducted into the German Sports Hall of Fame. Armin Hary at the International Olympic Committee