Indian Field Methodist Campground is a camp meeting site for the Methodist Church in Dorchester County, South Carolina. It is on SC Route S-18-73, off US Route 15, about 5 mi north of Saint George. Indian Field has been a site for religious gatherings for over 160 years, it was named a historic district of the National Register of Historic Places on March 30, 1973. Religious camp meetings played an important role in the growth of some Protestant denominations in the early 19th century in rural parts of the United States; these meetings served a much wider population than a single church. Camp meetings lasted around a week and were social as well as religious occasions for the participants. A typical camp meeting site started with a brush arbor surrounded by wagons. A chapel or tabernacle was built to replace the arbor and wooden cabins called "tents" were built to replace actual tents; the Indian Field United Methodist Church is located on U. S. Highway 15 about 2 miles north of the campground and just south of U.
S. Highway 178; this church began in 1787. Its first building was about 3 mi east of the unincorporated Rosinville community at the intersection of U. S. Highways 15 and 178; the second church was built around 1819 near the current church. The third church was finished in 1886; the current church was completed in 1955. The first Indian Field Campground was held on a farm in the late 18th century, it was located near the first church building. Bishop Francis Asbury noted in his journal that he preached at "Indian Fields" on December 21, 1801 and January 13, 1803, his journal does not say if he preached at the church. Other sources indicate that this campground was established in 1810. In 1838, the campground was moved to the present site; the existing campground was constructed in 1848. It was restored in 1970. On February 25, 1995, an intentional fire burned several structures at the campground; the person who set the fire was never apprehended. The existing campground consists of the central tabernacle surrounded by ninety-nine cabins of wooden construction.
These cabins are referred to as "tents". Although is stated that the tents are arrayed in a circle, they are arranged in an octagon; the tabernacle is a wooden pavilion with a gablet roof. The roof is supported by wooden posts; the pavilion has three sections of wooden pews. It seats over 1,000; the "tents" are of two stories. The internal layout of each tent varies, but each has two upstairs bedrooms with a central stairway; the downstairs has a dining area towards the front and another bedroom at the rear. The occupants of the upstairs bedrooms were divided by gender, while the downstairs bedroom was reserved for the older members of the family; the downstairs rooms may be connected with a hallway, or the rooms may have individual exterior doors. The downstairs areas have dirt floors that are covered with straw during camp meetings; the cooking area is below a shed attached to the rear of the tent. There is a wood-burning brick or cinderblock fireplace under the cook shed, a small room for the cook's quarters.
A typical floor plan of the larger cabin has been published. The single-story preacher's cabin is taller than the other cabins, it has a four-panel door flanked by two-over-two light windows. There is a paved road around the campground. Outside this road, each cabin has a privy. There were shared water wells in front of the cabins and stands for blazing pine knots to light the area at dark, however each tent has water and electric service. Additional pictures of the campground have been published. Indian Old Field Methodist Camp Grounds - Dorchester County, S. C
A propaganda film is a film that involves some form of propaganda. Propaganda films may be packaged in numerous ways, but are most documentary-style productions or fictional screenplays, that are produced to convince the viewer of a specific political point or influence the opinions or behavior of the viewer by providing subjective content that may be deliberately misleading. Propaganda is the ability "to produce and spread fertile messages that, once sown, will germinate in large human cultures.” However, in the 20th century, a “new” propaganda emerged, which revolved around political organizations and their need to communicate messages that would “sway relevant groups of people in order to accommodate their agendas”. First developed by the Lumiere brothers in 1896, film provided a unique means of accessing large audiences at once. Film was the first universal mass medium in that it could influence viewers as individuals and members of a crowd, which led to it becoming a tool for governments and non-state organizations to project a desired ideological message.
As Nancy Snow stated in her book, Information War: American Propaganda, Free Speech and Opinion Control Since 9-11, propaganda "begins where critical thinking ends." Film is a unique medium in that it reproduces images and sound in a lifelike manner as it fuses meaning with evolvement as time passes in the story depicted. Unlike many other art forms, film produces a sense of immediacy. Film's ability to create the illusion of life and reality, opening up new, unknown perspectives on the world, is why films those of unknown cultures or places, are taken to be accurate depictions of life; some film academics have noted film's great illusory abilities. Dziga Vertov claimed in his 1924 manifesto, “The Birth of Kino-Eye” that “the cinema-eye is cinema-truth.” To paraphrase Hilmar Hoffmann, this means that in film, only what the camera ‘sees’ exists, the viewer, lacking alternative perspectives, conventionally takes the image for reality. Films are effective propaganda tools because they establish visual icons of historical reality and consciousness, define public attitudes of the time they're depicting or that at which they were filmed, mobilize people for a common cause, or bring attention to an unknown cause.
Political and historical films represent and create historical consciousness and are able to distort events making it a persuasive and untrustworthy medium. History of propaganda films Nazism and cinema North Korean film propaganda Why We Fight Propaganda Filmmaker: Make Your Own Propaganda Film PropagandaCritic Video Gallery
Arthur E. Harvey was an American architect, he designed many buildings in Los Angeles, including at least three on Wilshire Boulevard. Harvey was born in 1884 in Massachusetts, he was a first-generation American. Harvey began his career as a carpenter in Pasadena in 1908, he worked as a structural engineer in Seattle in 198 and as a draftsman in Detroit in 1920, he returned to Los Angeles in 1921 to work for developer Frank L. Moline. Harvey designed several buildings in Los Angeles in the 1920s-1940s, including residential apartment blocks, he designed Los Altos Apartments at 4121 Wilshire Boulevard in Hancock Park in 1924-1925, followed by Château Élysée at 5930 Franklin Avenue in Hollywood in 1928. Harvey designed the Santa Monica Professional Building in the Spanish Colonial architectural style, located at 710 Wilshire Boulevard in Santa Monica, in 1924. In 1929, he designed the Wilshire Professional Building in the Art Deco architectural style, located at Wilshire and St. Andrews; the same year, he designed the American Storage and Company Building at 3636 Beverly Boulevard in the Art Deco style.
Harvey designed the Selig building at 3rd Street and Western Avenue in the Art Deco style, completed in 1931. He designed the Hollywood Women's Club, located at 1749 North La Brea Avenue, in 1947, he designed an extension of the Beverly Community Hospital in Montebello in 1952. With his wife, nee Nellie W. Glines, Harvey had a son. Harvey died in 1971
Primary Colours is the second studio album by English rock band the Horrors. It was released in the US on 21 April 2009, in the UK on 4 May 2009 by XL Recordings; the album was produced by Geoff Barrow of Portishead, Craig Silvey and music video director Chris Cunningham. Recording took place in Bath during the summer of 2008; the band signed to XL Recordings after they left Loog Records in 2007. Regarding their time in the studio, band member Rhys "Spider" Webb commented: "We had such an amazing time working on it, writing it and getting lost in it... we'd wander into the studio, never want to leave". Webb and Tom Cowan, who had joined the band as keyboardist and bass guitarist switched instruments from this album onwards. Prior to the album's release, the band released a cover of Suicide's "Shadazz" on a split single released by Blast First Petite as part of their tribute to Alan Vega in October 2008. On 17 March 2009, the eight-minute music video for "Sea Within a Sea", directed by former Jesus and Mary Chain bassist Douglas Hart, was posted on the band's website.
The song was released as a digital download-only single, full details of Primary Colours surfaced. In a preview article, music journalist Mike Diver commented that the album was "set to be one of the year's best" and that it was "wholly worth all the hype that's attracted to its unexpected brilliance." Primary Colours was released by XL in the US on 21 April 2009, in the UK on 4 May 2009. The album charted on the UK Albums Chart at No. 25. Following the album's release, the single "Who Can Say" was released on 7" vinyl. In 2009, it was awarded a silver certification from the Independent Music Companies Association, which indicated sales of at least 30,000 copies throughout Europe. According to review aggregator website Metacritic, the record was met with "universal critical acclaim", receiving a normalised score of 82% based on 19 reviews. On 21 July 2009, the album was announced as one of the 12 albums shortlisted for the year's Mercury Prize award. Primary Colours was named the best album of the year by NME and in 2013 they named it the 218th greatest album of all time.
Fact said that the album struck "a rich vein of brawny but windswept psychedelic rock". Pitchfork emphasized the band's change in style, noting their "shoegazer makeover" and concluding that the album succeeded in "transforming gothic gloom into psychedelic drone". Calling the album "the triple point where goth, post-punk, shoegaze met", AllMusic concluded: "As bold and listenable as it is, Primary Colours is scattered, giving the impression that the band is trying on different sounds for size -- although the fact that most of it works so well is more surprising than how different it is from their earlier work. All songs arranged by the Horrors. "Mirror's Image" – 4:51 "Three Decades" – 2:50 "Who Can Say" – 3:41 "Do You Remember" – 3:28 "New Ice Age" – 4:25 "Scarlet Fields" – 4:43 "I Only Think of You" – 7:07 "I Can't Control Myself" – 3:28 "Primary Colours" – 3:02 "Sea Within a Sea" – 7:59Japan-only bonus tracks "You Could Never Tell" – 3:30 "Whole New Way" – 4:58 "Sea Within a Sea" – 8:24 The Horrors – production, engineering Craig Silvey – production, engineering Geoff Barrow – production, engineering Chris Cunningham – production on tracks 2 and 9 Ciaran O'Shea – sleeve artwork Primary Colours at Discogs
Transmitter hunting, is an activity wherein participants use radio direction finding techniques to locate one or more radio transmitters hidden within a designated search area. This activity is most popular among amateur radio enthusiasts, one organized sport variation is known as amateur radio direction finding. Transmitter hunting is pursued in several different popular formats. Many transmitter hunts are organized by local radio clubs, may be conducted in conjunction with other events, such as a radio enthusiast convention or club meeting. Before each hunt, participants are informed of the frequency or frequencies on which the transmitters will be operating, a set of boundaries that define a search area in which the transmitters will be located. Transmitter hunters use radio direction finding techniques to determine the direction and distance to the hidden transmitter from several different locations, triangulate the probable location of the transmitter; some hunts may include limits on the amount of time allowed to find a transmitter.
Although many transmitter hunts are conducted just for the fun of the activity, some more competitive hunts will recognize winners in publications and offer awards, such as medals or trophies. Mobile transmitter hunts are organized events where participants travel or in motor vehicles. Most mobile transmitter hunts use VHF receivers; some participants use radio direction finding equipment and antennas mounted on a vehicle, whereas others use antennas that are temporarily deployed in an open window or an opening in the vehicle roof that can be rotated by hand while the vehicle is in motion. Other participants employ handheld antennas and radios that can only be used when the vehicle is stationary; some mobile transmitter hunts require participants to leave their vehicles and proceed on foot to reach the actual location of the radio transmitter. The winner of a mobile transmitter hunt can be either the first vehicle to arrive at the hidden transmitter, or the vehicle that travels the shortest overall distance to locate the hidden transmitter.
Mobile transmitter hunts are more popular in North America than other parts of the world. A regulated sport form of transmitter hunting by runners on foot is called Amateur Radio Direction Finding, known worldwide by its acronym, ARDF, it is an amateur sport that combines the skills of radio direction finding. ARDF is a timed race in which individual competitors use a topographic map and a magnetic compass to navigate through diverse, wooded terrain while searching for hidden radio transmitters. ARDF is the most popular form of transmitter hunting outside North America; some transmitter hunts feature a "mail-in" competition, in which teams in fixed locations work together to locate hidden transmitters secretly give the coordinates to the organizers without traveling to the transmitter location. The team which provides the closest coordinates wins, thus a team which believes that the transmitter is in the northwest parking lot at 2nd and Elm will beat a team which says that the location is 2nd and Elm.
This type of hunt enables participation by contestants who are unable to travel, such as shut-ins, school groups, etc. and requires a greater level of skill and coordination. Directional antennas are popular choices for transmitter hunting. A directional antenna is more sensitive to received signals in some directions than others; when a directional antenna is rotated, a received signal will either increase or decrease in signal strength, information from which a skilled hunter can determine the direction to the transmitter. The most popular designs for mobile transmitter hunts are quad antennas with three to five elements. Special design considerations include adequate strength to withstand the wind at highway vehicle speeds and ease of repair after collisions with overhead tree branches. In mobile transmitter hunts, directional antennas are turned by hand while the vehicle is in motion; some radio direction finding equipment popular with mobile transmitter hunters operates on the time difference of arrival principal.
Two identical antennas are mounted a precise distance apart from one another. Specialty electronics compare the phase of the signal received on each antenna and determine whether the signal is coming from a direction closer to one antenna or the other; this information is displayed with LEDs on a display. These devices are popular for mobile transmitter hunts where participants have to exit their vehicles and proceed to the transmitter location on foot; some mobile transmitter hunters use equipment based on exploiting the principle of Doppler shift. At least four antennas are mounted in a precise geometric pattern on the roof of a vehicle. Specialty electronics computes the amount of Doppler shift present in the received signals and determines a probable direction from which the signal originates; the direction is displayed using LEDs oriented in a circle or a straight line. Advanced units can use a compass or GPS receiver to compute a direction relative to the instant motion of the vehicle. Attenuators are used by transmitter hunters to reduce the received signal strength of a transmitter.
Attenuators are most used when approaching the near vicinity of a transmitter, in order to keep the received signal strength within a usable range. Radio direction finding Geocaching Moell, Joe. "Let's Go T-Hunting". Sakane, Jim. "Foxes Choice Hunt". Archived from the original on 2005-12-19. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown Baker, Linda. "Suzhou: City of canals and hidden radios". Re