Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics
Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics were held during the last ten days of the games, from August 15 to August 24, 2008, at the Beijing National Stadium. The Olympic sport of athletics is split into four distinct sets of events: track and field events, road running events, racewalking events. Both men and women had similar schedules of events. Men competed in women in 23, as their schedule lacked the 50 km race walk. In addition, both the men's 110 m hurdles and decathlon are reflected in the women's schedule by the 100 m hurdles and heptathlon, respectively; the Olympic record was broken in 17 returning events. In five events, including the inaugural women's 3000 m steeplechase, the world record was broken; the athletics was, alongside the Olympic cycling events, one of the few large sports programmes in which the host nation fared comparatively poorly in terms of medals won. Despite a haul of 100 medals at the games as a whole, Chinese athletes took home two bronze medals from the athletics events.
The country's foremost athlete Liu Xiang, the 2004 Olympic champion in the 110 metres hurdles, had to withdraw after a false start due to injury. In the years following the events, results were affected by doping findings. Multiple medalists have been sanctioned for doping violations. Russia has had the most medals stripped. Retrieved from Beijing Olympics 2008 Official Website. * Host nation * Athletes who participated in the heats only and received medals. 1500 metres The original gold medalist, Rashid Ramzi of Bahrain, was stripped of his gold medal for having committed anti-doping violations. The rest of the competitors were elevated by one position accordingly. 4 × 100 metres relay Jamaican team won gold medals but was disqualified due to anti-doping rules violation by Nesta Carter. The CAS decided in 2018 that Trinidad and Tobago is the winner, the silver medal was reallocated to Japan, bronze to Brazil. 4 × 400 metres relay Russian team won bronze medals but was disqualified due to anti-doping rules violation by Denis Alexeev.
Following reallocation, Great Britain's Robert Tobin, Andrew Steele, Michael Bingham and Martyn Rooney have been awarded bronze. Pole vault The original bronze medalist, Denys Yurchenko of Ukraine, was stripped of his bronze medal for positive test for the prohibited substance. On 17 April 2017, Derek Miles received the bronze medal. Shot put The original bronze medalist, Andrei Mikhnevich of Belarus, was stripped of his bronze medal after being given a lifetime ban in 2013 for doping offences. Dylan Armstrong of Canada has received the bronze. Hammer throw Vadim Devyatovskiy and Ivan Tsikhan were disqualified for doping, but had their medals reinstated in June 2010 after the Court of Arbitration for Sport ruled that there was an error at the Chinese medical lab. * Athletes who participated in the heats only and received medals. 5000 metres Original silver medalist Elvan Abeylegesse, Turkey and stripped of and ordered to return silver medal following a positive test for a banned substance at the 2007 World Championships in Athletics.
Meseret Defar of Ethiopia was advanced to silver, Sylvia Kibet of Kenya to bronze. 10000 metres Original silver medalist Elvan Abeylegesse, Turkey and stripped of and ordered to return silver medal following a positive test for a banned substance at the 2007 World Championships in Athletics. Shalane Flanagan was awarded Linet Chepkwemoi Masai the bronze. 3000 metres steeplechase Original bronze medalist Yekaterina Volkova, Russia and stripped of and ordered to return bronze medal following retesting of her original in-competition sample returned a positive test for the presence of banned substances. Following medals reallocation Tatyana Petrova-Arkhipova of Russia received the bronze medal. 4 × 100 metres relay Originally won by Team Russia, but gold medals were stripped due to anti-doping rules violation by Yulia Chermoshanskaya. Following medals reallocation Belgium are awarded gold, Nigeria – silver and Brazil – bronze. 4 × 400 metres relay Team Russia won silver medals, while Team Belarus placed fourth, but both were disqualified due to anti-doping rules violations - by Anastasiya Kapachinskaya and Tatyana Firova in the case of Russia and Sviatlana Usovich for Belarus.
Following medals reallocation Jamaica are promoted to Great Britain to bronze. High jump Original bronze medalist Anna Chicherova, was stripped of her bronze medal following a positive retest of her sample from the 2008 Games for the anabolic steroid turinobol. Yelena Slesarenko and Vita Palamar, Ukraine 4th and 5th were disqualified for doping following retests; the 6th place athlete, Chaunte Howard, United States, has received the bronze medal. Long jump Original silver medalist Tatyana Lebedeva, Russia and stripped of and ordered to return silver medal following retesting of her original in-competition sample returned a positive test for the presence of the banned substances. Blessing Okagbare of Nigeria was advanced to Chelsea Hammond of Jamaica to bronze. Triple jump Original bronze medalist Hrysopiyi Devetzi, Greece and stripped of and ordered to return bronze medal following retesting of original in-competition samples returned a positive result for banned substances. Original silver medalist Tatyana Lebedeva, Russia was disqualified due to use of banned substances.
Olga Rypakova of Kazakhstan was advanced to Yargelis Savigne of Cuba to bronze. Shot put Original silver medalist Natallia Mik
The high jump is a track and field event in which competitors must jump unaided over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without dislodging it. In its modern most practised format, a bar is placed between two standards with a crash mat for landing. In the modern era, athletes run towards the bar and use the Fosbury Flop method of jumping, leaping head first with their back to the bar. Since ancient times, competitors have introduced effective techniques to arrive at the current form; the discipline is, alongside the pole vault, one of two vertical clearance events to feature on the Olympic athletics programme. It is contested at the World Championships in Athletics and IAAF World Indoor Championships, is a common occurrence at track and field meetings; the high jump was among the first events deemed acceptable for women, having been held at the 1928 Olympic Games. Javier Sotomayor is the current men's record holder with a jump of 2.45 m set in 1993 – the longest standing record in the history of the men's high jump.
Stefka Kostadinova has held the women's world record at 2.09 m since 1987 the longest-held record in the event. The rules for the high jump are set internationally by the International Association of Athletics Federations. Jumpers must take off on one foot. A jump is considered a failure if the bar is dislodged by the action of the jumper whilst jumping or the jumper touches the ground or breaks the plane of the near edge of the bar before clearance; the technique one uses for the jump must be flawless in order to have a chance of clearing a high bar. Competitors may begin jumping at any height announced by the chief judge, or may pass, at their own discretion. Most competitions state that three consecutive missed jumps, at any height or combination of heights, will eliminate the jumper from competition; the victory goes to the jumper. Tie-breakers are used for any place. If two or more jumpers tie for one of these places, the tie-breakers are: 1) the fewest misses at the height at which the tie occurred.
If the event remains tied for first place, the jumpers have a jump-off, beginning at the next greater height. Each jumper has one attempt; the bar is alternately lowered and raised until only one jumper succeeds at a given height. The first recorded high jump event took place in Scotland in the 19th century. Early jumpers used either a scissors technique. In latter years, soon after, the bar was approached diagonally, the jumper threw first the inside leg and the other over the bar in a scissoring motion. Around the turn of the 20th century, techniques began to change, beginning with the Irish-American Michael Sweeney's Eastern cut-off. By taking off like the scissors and extending his spine and flattening out over the bar, Sweeney raised the world record to 1.97 m in 1895. Another American, George Horine, developed an more efficient technique, the Western roll. In this style, the bar again is approached on a diagonal, but the inner leg is used for the take-off, while the outer leg is thrust up to lead the body sideways over the bar.
Horine increased the world standard to 2.01 m in 1912. His technique was predominant through the Berlin Olympics of 1936, in which the event was won by Cornelius Johnson at 2.03 m. American and Soviet jumpers were the most successful for the next four decades, they pioneered the evolution of the straddle technique. Straddle jumpers took off as in the Western roll, but rotated their torso around the bar, obtaining the most efficient and highest clearance up to that time. Straddle-jumper, Charles Dumas, was the first to clear 7 feet, in 1956, American John Thomas pushed the world mark to 2.23 m in 1960. Valeriy Brumel took over the event for the next four years; the elegant Soviet jumper radically sped up his approach run, took the record up to 2.28 m, won the Olympic gold medal in 1964, before a motorcycle accident ended his career. American coaches, including two-time NCAA champion Frank Costello of the University of Maryland, flocked to Russia to learn from Brumel and his coaches. However, it would be a solitary innovator at Oregon State University, Dick Fosbury, who would bring the high jump into the next century.
Taking advantage of the raised, softer landing areas by in use, Fosbury added a new twist to the outmoded Eastern Cut-off. He directed himself over the bar head and shoulders first, sliding over on his back and landing in a fashion which would have broken his neck in the old, sawdust landing pits. After he used this Fosbury flop to win the 1968 Olympic gold medal, the technique began to spread around the world, soon floppers were dominating international high jump competitions; the last straddler to set a world record was Vladimir Yashchenko, who cleared 2.33 m in 1977 and 2.35 m indoors in 1978. Among renowned high jumpers following Fosbury's lead were Americans Dwight Stones and his rival, 1.73 metres tall Franklin Jacobs of Paterson, NJ, who cleared 2.32 m, 0.59 metres over his head. The approach run of the high jump may be more important than the take-off. If
Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Men's 5000 metres
The Men's 5000 metres at the 2008 Summer Olympics took place on 20 and 23 August at the Beijing National Stadium. The qualifying standards were 13:21.50 and 13:28.00. Prior to this competition, the existing world record was: Qualification: First 4 in each heat and the next 3 fastest advance to the Final. To sort this table by heat, athlete, or any other column, click on the icon next to the column title. 23 August 2008 - 20:10
Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Men's 400 metres
The men's 400 metres at the 2008 Summer Olympics took place on 18–21 August at the Beijing National Stadium. The defending champion was Jeremy Wariner, who won World Championship titles in 2005 and 2007 preceding the 2008 Olympics. Wariner made headlines earlier in the season when he dropped long time coach Clyde Hart, in favor of Hart's assistant Michael Ford. All season, Wariner did not show the dominance of the previous three seasons. At the Olympic Trials he was runner up to the World Championship silver medalist; the semi-finals showed the same two in Merritt.03 faster than Wariner. Wariner started fast in the final: running in lane 7, he caught up with Martyn Rooney to his outside making up the stagger before the 200 mark. Further outside but more difficult to calculate, David Neville was out fast, while Merritt was relative to the stagger against Chris Brown in lanes 4 and 5. Around the final turn Merritt separated from the others and the three Americans were ahead, with Neville in first as the turn was ending.
Once they hit the straightaway, it was Merritt who had the speed, sprinting away with a high knee action that increased his gap over Wariner and Neville. Wariner had no answer, Neville looked depleted, while Brown was gaining. Merritt sped away to a personal best 43.75, Wariner gave up the chase and jogged across the finish line in second ahead of Brown, who looked like he had passed Neville. In the last two steps, Neville fell across the finish line, his hands technically crossing the line ahead of Wariner, but it is the torso that counts and Neville's body crossed the line in third.04 ahead of Brown and.06 behind Wariner. Merritt had gained just shy of a full second on Wariner over the last 90 metres for the win. Neville completed an American sweep of the event.. Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows: No new world or Olympic records were set for this event; each National Olympic Committee was able to enter up to three entrants providing they had met the A qualifying standard in the qualifying period.
NOCs were permitted to enter one athlete providing he had met the B standard in the same qualifying period. The first round was held on 18 August; the first three runners of each heat plus the next three overall fastest runners qualified for the semifinals. Results
Australia at the 2008 Summer Olympics
A total of 433 competitors competed for Australia at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. The team was Australia's second largest away team after the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, which included a team of 482 competitors. Australian athletes have competed in every Summer Olympic Games of the modern era. In addition to competitors, 418 officials and 38 medical personnel were part of the Australian team. Australia competed in 26 of the 28 Olympic program sports. Australia sent a men's but not a women's football squad, had two beach volleyball but no indoor volleyball teams competing. Australia had two archers earn qualification spots at the 2007 World Outdoor Target Championships and three earn spots at the Oceania continental championship. David Barnes and Sky Kim earned the men two spots at the World tournament, with Michael Naray earning a third spot, the team qualification at the Oceania competition. Jade Lindsey and Jane Waller were the qualifying women at the Oceania tournament. In making its final selections, Australia selected Kim and Naray along with Matthew Gray for the men's team, Waller and Lexie Feeney for the women's team.
MenWomen Australia sent 40 representatives to compete in athletics events. 22 of these men competed in track events, ten in field events, seven in race walking, four in the marathons and one in combined events. The athletics did not start until the 15th of day seven of competition. On day one of athletics, two finals were held. On the second day of athletics, Australia won their first Olympic Medal for athletics in 2008; this person was Jared Tallent, an Olympic debutant, who competed in the men's 20 kilometre race walk. Tallent came only 15 second in front of fellow countryman Luke Adams who finished 6th. On the third day of competition, four Australians competed, three in medal events. KeyNote–Ranks given for track events are within the athlete's heat only Q = Qualified for the next round q = Qualified for the next round as a fastest loser or, in field events, by position without achieving the qualifying target NR = National record N/A = Round not applicable for the event Bye = Athlete not required to compete in round Men Track & road eventsField eventsWomen Track & road eventsField eventsCombined events – HeptathlonNotes Australia sent a team of six to Beijing.
Stuart Gomez competed in the men's singles. Ross Smith and Glenn Warfe competed in the men's doubles and Tania Luiz and Eugenia Tanaka competed in the women's doubles. Australia's men's basketball team qualified for the Olympics by defeating New Zealand in a best-of-three series to win the FIBA Oceania Championship 2007; the women's team automatically qualified as the reigning world champions after winning the 2006 FIBA World Championship for Women. RosterThe following is the Australia roster in the men's basketball tournament of the 2008 Summer Olympics. Group play Quarterfinals RosterThe following is the Australia roster in the women's basketball tournament of the 2008 Summer Olympics. Group play Quarterfinals Semifinals Gold medal match Australia had nine boxers qualify for the Olympics. All qualified at the Oceanian qualifying tournament. MenWomenQualification Legend: QS = Qualify to semi-final. Mountain biker Chris Jongewaard lost his legal appeal to be included in the team after being excluded because of a car accident, involving another cyclist for which he was due to face court in late 2008.
MenWomen Sprint* Qualified only in the first round PursuitKeirin Omnium Australia selected a team of nine divers to compete at the 2008 Olympics: MenWomen Australia selected a team of twelve equestrians to compete at the 2008 Olympics. Hayley Beresford, Kristy Oatley and Heath Ryan competed in dressage. Edwina Alexander, Laurie Lever, Peter McMahon and Matt Williams were selected for the jumping competition. Clayton Fredericks, Lucinda Fredericks, Sonja Johnson, Megan Jones and Shane Rose were selected for the three-day event. # - Indicates that points do not count in team total * Only three riders are eligible to qualify for the jumping final. Two fencers will represent Australia in Beijing. Jo Halls will contest the women's individual foil while Amber Parkinson will contest the women's individual épée. Women The Australian men's and women's field hockey teams both qualified for Beijing; the men's team won the bronze medal, while the women's team finished in 5th place for the tournament. Roster The following is the Australian roster in the men's field hockey tournament of the 2008 Summer Olympics.
Head Coach: Barry Dancer Reserve: Andrew Smith Stephen Mowlam Group playThe top two teams from each group advanced to the semifinals. SemifinalBronze medal match Roster The following is the Australian roster in the women's field hockey tournament of the 2008 Summer Olympics. Head Coach: Frank Murray Reserve: Toni Cronk Shelly LiddelowNotes Group playThe top two teams from each group advanced to the semifinals. Australia entered the playoff for 5th/6th place. Advanced to semifinals Classification match for 5th/6th place Australia's under-23 football team referred to as the'Olyroos', qualified for the 2008 Summer Olympic Games. Roster The following is the Australia squad in the men's football tournament of the 2008 Summer Olympics. Head coach: Graham Arnold * Over-aged player. Notes Group play Australian gymnasts qualified for Beijing in all three categories: artistic and trampoline. Naazmi Johnston was the only rhythmic gymast to qualify. Ben Wilden was the only trampolinist selected
Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Women's 100 metres
The Women's 100 metres at the 2008 Summer Olympics took place on August 16 and 17 at the Beijing National Stadium. The qualifying standards for the 2008 event were 11.32 s and 11.42 s. Jamaica dominated the event with athlete Shelly-Ann Fraser taking the gold and Sherone Simpson and Kerron Stewart taking the silver. No bronze medal was awarded as Simpson and Stewart finished with an equal time of 10.98 seconds in the second place. Taking all three medals, it was a Jamaican sweep. Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows: No new world or Olympic records were set for this event. All times shown are in seconds; the following abbreviations are used: Qualification: First 3 in each heat and the next 10 fastest advance to the Round 2. Qualification: First 3 in each heat and the next 1 fastest advance to the Semifinals. Qualification rule: First 4 in each heat advance to the final
The steeplechase is an obstacle race in athletics, which derives its name from the steeplechase in horse racing. The foremost version of the event is the 3000 metres steeplechase; the 2000 metres steeplechase is the next most common distance. The 1900 Olympics featured a 2500 metres steeplechase and a 4000 metres steeplechase, a 2590 metres steeplechase was held at the 1904 Olympics. A 1000 metres steeplechase is used in youth athletics; the event originated in Ireland. Horses and riders raced from one town's steeple to the next; the steeples were used as markers due to their visibility over long distances. Along the way runners had to jump streams and low stone walls separating estates; the modern athletics event originates from a two-mile cross country steeplechase that formed part of the University of Oxford sports in 1860. It was replaced in 1865 by an event over barriers on a flat field, which became the modern steeplechase, it has been an Olympic event since the inception of the modern Olympics, though with varying lengths.
Since the 1968 Summer Olympics, steeplechase in the Olympics has been dominated by Kenyan athletes, including the current gold medal streak since 1984 and a clean sweep of the medals at the 1992 and 2004 Games. The steeplechase for women is 3,000 metres long, but with lower barriers than for the men. A distance of 2,000 metres, with a shorter water jump, was experimented with before the current race format was established, it made its first major championship appearance at the 2005 World Championships in Helsinki. In 2008, women's 3,000 metres steeplechase appeared for the first time on the Olympic tracks in Beijing. Other divisions including masters athletics and youth athletics run 2,000 metres distances; the format for a 2,000 metre steeplechase removes the first two barriers of the first lap. The steeplechase at the 1932 Olympics was run over 3460 metres due to a lap scoring error. A 3,000 metres steeplechase is defined in the rulebook as having seven water jumps. A 2,000 meters steeplechase has five water jumps.
Since the water jump is never on the track oval, a steeplechase "course" is never a perfect 400 metres lap. Instead the water jump is placed inside the turn, shortening the lap, or outside the turn, lengthening the lap; the start line moves from conventional starting areas in order to compensate for the different length of lap. When the water jump is inside, the 3,000 metre start line is on the backstretch; when the water jump is outside, the 3,000 metre start line is on the home stretch. The 2,000 metre start line uses 5/7 the amount of compensation. IAAF list of steeplechase records in XML Women's Steeplechase