The Gold Rimmed Glasses
Gli occhiali d'oro is a 1987 Italian drama film directed by Giuliano Montaldo, starring Philippe Noiret, Rupert Everett and Valeria Golino. Set in Ferrara and in a nearby seaside resort in 1938, the plot follows a Jewish student and a homosexual doctor who suffer persecution in Fascist Italy; the film is an adaptation of Giorgio Bassani's novel The Gold Rimmed Spectacles. It entered the main competition at the 1987 Venice Film Festival, where it won two Golden Osellas for Best Costume Design and Best Set Design. For his soundtrack Ennio Morricone won the David di Donatello for Best Score; the corpse of a man, drowned in the river Po, is brought to shore by fishermen. The man's broken gold rimmed, his story is told in flashback. Ferrara, 1938 – Doctor Athos Fadigati is a middle age otolaryngologist with a prosperous pediatric practice. Cultured and well off, he belongs to the city's bourgeois society. While walking around town, Dr Fadigati meets the only daughter of one of his friends; the warmhearted doctor gives it to Nora as a gift for her ailing father.
Nora is the last member of the Treves, a Jewish family whose fortune has fluctuated through the years. Nora is in love with Davide Lattes, a young literature student at the university of Bologna, who dreams of becoming a writer. Davide is Jewish and lives comfortably with his parents and young sister, their way of life is threatened as the fascist regime of Mussoolini begins to apply antisemitic measures. Davide is worried after one of his university professor is laid off for being Jewish and none came to his defense. Davide's concerns are not shared by his father, who plays down the news of the persecution of Jews in Germany; the father thinks that something similar could not take place in Italy, where the Jewish community has lived undisturbed for centuries. Nora's father dies and her attitude changes as she takes over her father's business deals, she and Davide are much in love. One night after making love, Nora is able to tell Davide. Davide, as many young students in Ferrara, commutes daily by train to the university in Bologna.
Twice a week, the solitary bespectacled Fadigati takes the same train. The doctor befriends the students, some of which were his patients when they were children. There are rumors around town. One of the students, Eraldo, is certain that the doctor is gay and he is sometimes insolent towards Fadigati. Eraldo, an amateur boxer, invites Dr. Fadigati to see him fight. Although he dislikes boxing, the doctor accepts the invitation. At the end of the boxing match, when he goes to greet the young man, Fadigati finds Eraldo taking a shower. Eraldo is befriends Fadigati, sharing his confidences with him. Eraldo comes from a humbler background than most of his friends, he was abandoned by his father, who emigrated to America, but has been spoiled by his mother, a housemaid who has worked hard to give him what he wants. Eraldo has never gone on vacation away from Ferrara and Dr Fadigati, smitten with him, invites him to go together to a nearby resort town. At the sea-side resort town in the Adriatic coast, the pairing of Fadigati and Eraldo arouses the malicious gossip of Signora Lavezzoli, an obnoxious but influential member of Ferrara's society.
Eraldo leaves the doctor alone to pursue girls. Davide, seeing Eraldo's exploitation of Fadigati and the vengeful attitude of Signora Lavezzoli, takes pity on the doctor. Carlotta, a flirty but well-intentioned friend, accompanies Davide. At a gala, taking place at the local hotel, Nora is invited to dance by a fascist leader, leaving Davide alone and offended; the same night, Fadigati confronts Eraldo, who makes a scene punching the doctor in the face, leaving him bleeding and humiliated. Back in his hotel room accompanied by Davide, Fadigati discovers that Eraldo has stolen all he could; the scandal at the hotel destroys Fadigati's reputation. Back in Ferrara, the fascist regime's grip over the Jewish community tightens. Davide like all Jewish students is expelled from the university. Nora breaks with him. To escape the persecution of the Jews, she decides to convert to Catholicism and to marry her fascist suitor. Davide is left heartbroken. Marked by the scandal, the life of Dr Fadiguetti has collapsed.
He is outcast by his former friends and the society of Ferrara turn its back on him. Fired from the clinic where he used to work, Fadigati is morally and economically in ruins; the doctor befriends a street dog, but he is abandoned by his pet. Only Davide comes to visit the fallen doctor, they make plans for an excursion to the river Po. In spite of the rain Fadigati takes a bus to the shore of the river Po and begins to walk towards his death. A title informs viewers that Nora married her fascist lover and died two years during childbirth. Eraldo emigrated to France where he without success. Davide became a well-known writer. Many members of the Jewish community of Ferrara were killed in concentration camps. Philippe Noiret as Doctor Athos Fadigati Rupert Everett as Davide Lattes Valeria Golino as Nora Treves Nicola Farron as Eraldo Stefania Sandrelli as Signora Lavezzoli Rade Markovic as Bruno Lattes Roberto Herlitzka as Professor Amos Perugia Luca Zingaretti as Molon Ivana Despotovic as Carlotta The Gold Rimmed Glasses on IMDb
The Spider's Stratagem
The Spider's Stratagem is a political film directed by Bernardo Bertolucci. The screenplay was written by Bertolucci, based on the story Theme of the Traitor and the Hero by Jorge Luis Borges. At the request of his father's mistress, Athos Magnani arrives by train in the town of Tara, where his father named Athos Magnani, was killed before his birth; the father, remembered as a resistance hero and whom his son resembles, was killed by unknown fascists in 1936—or so says Draifa, the statue in the square, everyone in the town. Draifa contacted Athos after seeing his picture in a newspaper and expects him to solve or avenge his father's murder, he hears that a few days before his father's death, a fortune teller had predicted his death, as in Macbeth, on his corpse was an unopened letter warning him not to go ahead, as in Julius Caesar. His enquiries about his father's death are met with hostility. Three acquaintances of his father tell him that he planned to blow up Benito Mussolini in the local theatre, during a performance of Rigoletto.
The plot failed and his father died after being betrayed to the police. Athos does not believe this tale. Unsure whether to stay in this claustrophobic town where the truth is never told, he hears the sound of Rigoletto coming from the theatre. Entering, he is told that his father failed to carry out the bombing out of fear, himself tipped off the police. For this, his fellow conspirators killed him, with his agreement, ascribed the death to unknown fascists. At a ceremony in front of his father's statue, Athos stops. Whether it was through betrayal or cowardice that his father had become a hero, the town needs its myth. Resolving to leave, at the railway station he hears announcements that trains are late and, looking at the tracks, sees they are rusted and overgrown. He, too, is caught in the web. Giulio Brogi: Athos Magnani and son Alida Valli: Draifa Tino Scotti: Costa Pippo Campanini: Garibazzi Giuseppe Bertolucci: portatore di leone The Spider's Stratagem on IMDb
Ethan of Athos
Ethan of Athos is a 1986 science fiction novel by American author Lois McMaster Bujold. The title character is Dr. Ethan Urquhart, Chief of Biology at the Severin District Reproduction Centre on the planet Athos, sent to find out what happened to a shipment of vital ovarian tissue cultures. Set in the fictional universe of Bujold's Vorkosigan Saga, the novel mentions but does not feature her usual protagonist Miles Vorkosigan. To date, Bujold has never revisited the settings of Athos or Kline Station in her many subsequent novels, but the events of Ethan of Athos are referred to indirectly in the novels Borders of Infinity and Cetaganda. Bujold had written her first novel Shards of Honor and its sequel The Warrior's Apprentice — both unpublished — when she wrote Ethan of Athos, a standalone work, purposely short "because the current cargo-cult rumor amongst the wanna-be-published back was that editors would be more to read a short manuscript." All three novels were subsequently sold, published in 1986.
Bujold named Athos, a planet founded and maintained as an male-populated colony with a planetary religion and ideology supporting this single-sex structure, after the Greek Mount Athos, which has prohibited the entry of women for religious reasons since before the ban was proclaimed by the Byzantine emperor Constantine Monomachos in 1046. Ethan of Athos has been reprinted several times, appeared in the 2001 Bujold omnibus Miles and Mayhem alongside Cetaganda and the novella "Labyrinth"; the novel was released on audio cassette in September 1999 narrated by Michael Hanson and Carol Cowan, as a digital audiobook in March 2009 narrated by Grover Gardner. Dr. Ethan Urquhart, Chief of Biology at the Severin District Reproduction Centre on Athos, is upset to find that his long-awaited shipment of ovarian tissue cultures from off-planet consists of an unusable mixture of dead and animal tissues. An male-populated planetary colony, continuing reproduction on Athos relies on uterine replicator technology, but the centuries-old cultures introduced by the original colonists have begun deteriorating into senescence.
With their entire shipment purchased from the planet Jackson's Whole inexplicably consisting of genetic trash, the Population Council of Athos sends a reluctant Ethan offworld in search of a fresh batch of tissue cultures and a refund from the original supplier, House Bharaputra. This is a daring assignment as it means contact with women, whom Athosians are taught are demonic and terrifying. Ethan arrives at the interstellar hub of Kline Station and encounters his first woman, Commander Elli Quinn, a rather unorthodox intelligence officer with the Dendarii Free Mercenary Fleet. Though she is pleasant and helpful, Ethan is wary of her, he is soon abducted and interrogated by military agents from Cetaganda who are seeking a fugitive named Terrence Cee as well as their own lost tissue cultures. They refuse to believe. Elli rescues Ethan from certain execution, they become reluctant allies as Elli explains that she has been hired by House Bharaputra to track the Cetagandans, for her own reasons determine what their interest is in the tissue cultures and how it relates to a secret Cetagandan research project.
Terrence approaches Ethan with a request for asylum, revealing himself to be the last survivor of a Cetagandan genetic project to create telepaths. Although his telepathy is reliable, it has a small range and can only be triggered for a short amount of time by ingesting large doses of the amino acid tyramine. Terrance’s female counterpart, had been killed in their escape, but he managed to preserve her body and transport it to Jackson's Whole, where he paid House Bharaputra to splice her genes into the ovarian cultures that were intended for Athos. Terrence had planned to emigrate to Athos with the cultures, but had been delayed on his way to Kline Station, is now horrified to learn that the cultures were stolen and replaced by the useless material that arrived on Athos; the Cetagandans had tracked Terrence to Jackson's Whole. They traced the tissue shipment to Kline Station, knowing Terrence would come for it, though they have no knowledge of what happened to the original cultures and are desperate to reclaim them.
Elli and Ethan manage to have the Cetagandans seized by Kline Station security, just as they discover that a minor official at the station had, for petty personal reasons, "thrown out" the Bharaputran tissue cultures that contained Janine's genes and replaced them with the useless biological material. Elli attempts to recruit Terrence for the Dendarii. Meanwhile, Ethan asks Elli for one of her ovaries to create a new tissue culture. After her departure, the original Bharaputran shipment unexpectedly turns up intact and usable, not destroyed. Ethan buys a new set of ovarian cultures from Beta Colony anyway as a cover, uses their packaging to relabel the cultures with Janine's genes, returns with them and Terrence to Athos. In the novel, the planet Athos is an all-male colony with a self-sustaining economy, independent of interstellar trade. Called a "monastery" planet by Bujold, it had been settled some 200 years earlier as a sanctuary away from women, who have since become mythologized as "demonic" due to the "madness" they cause in men.
With the planetary religion and ideology supporting this single-sex structure, all incoming information is screened so that all referenc
Fugitive Pieces is a novel by Canadian poet Anne Michaels. The story is divided into two sections; the first centers around Jakob Beer, a Polish Holocaust survivor while the second involves a man named Ben, the son of two Holocaust survivors. It was published in the United Kingdom the following year. Since the publication, the novel has won awards such as Books in Canada First Novel Award, the Trillium Book Award, Orange Prize for Fiction, Guardian Fiction Prize and the Jewish Quarterly-Wingate Prize. For over two years the novel was on Canada's bestseller list, it was translated into over 20 different languages; the novel is split into two sections: Book I and Book II. Jakob Beer is a 7-year-old child of a Jewish family living in Poland, his house is stormed by Nazis. He hides in the forest. After some time, he runs into Athos Roussos, working on Biskupin. Athos secretly takes him to Zakynthos in Greece. Athos is a geologist, is fascinated with ancient wood and stones. Jakob finds that learning new languages erases his memory of the past.
After the war and Jakob move to Toronto, where after several years Jakob meets Alexandra in a music library. Alex is a fast-paced, outspokenly philosophical master of wordplay. Jakob and Alex fall in love and marry, but the relationship fails because Alex expects Jakob to change too fast and abandon his past. Jakob dwells on his memories of Bella her piano-playing, they end up divorcing. Jakob meets and marries Michaela, a much younger woman but one who seems to understand him, with Michaela's help he is able to let go of Bella. Together they move to Greece into the former home of several generations of the Roussos family; the second part of the book is told from the perspective of Ben, a Canadian professor of Jewish descent, born in Canada to survivors of the Holocaust. In 1954 the family home in Weston, Ontario is destroyed by Hurricane Hazel. Ben becomes an expert on the history of weather, marries a girl named Naomi, he is a big admirer of Jakob's poetry and respects the way he deals with the Holocaust, when Ben himself has trouble coping with the horrors his parents must have endured.
At the end of the novel, Ben is sent to retrieve Jakob's journals from his home in Greece, where Ben spends hours swimming in Jakob's past. Jakob Beer—The only survivor of his town, found and rescued by Athos, he is an intelligent boy who becomes a renown poet. Athos Roussos—A geologists who rescues Jakob and becomes his guardian, he teaches Jakob about the beauty of science and the world. Ben—An admirer of Jakob and his poetry, he travels to Greece to find Jakob's journals. Fugitive Pieces contains themes of trauma, grief and memory in relation to the Holocaust, which Michaels explores via metaphors such as nature; the work is told in a poetic style, which has caused some critics to view it as an elegy, others, such as Donna Coffey, to feel that it re-imagines the literary telling of the Holocaust and of nature. The story is told through two narratives, in the first part, Jakob's in the second part, Ben's, which are connected through one main event that had an effect on both narrators. John Mullan has stated that he feels that the book shows how the Holocaust and traumatic moments can impact generations of survivors and their family members.
Fugitive Pieces contains mentions of the senses, which are shown through an emphasis of Jakob hearing what happened to his family, rather than seeing the event take place, which in turns adds to his trauma and his inability to gain closure. Ben has only heard stories but never had first hand experience. Michaels uses this to convey a paradox between what we hear, the language, the silence that follows due to the suffering and trauma of others; the title of the novel is taken from Fugitive Pieces, Lord Byron's first volume of verse printed in the autumn of 1806. Along with winning many awards, Michaels has received praise from multiple media outlets and academics such as University College London professor John Mullan and Michiko Kakutani; the novel was made into a feature film produced by Robert Lantos through his Toronto-based Serendipity Point Films Inc. It opened at the 2007 Toronto International Film Festival, it was directed based on his screenplay adaptation of Michaels's novel. It stars Stephen Dillane as Rade Šerbedžija as Athos.
Eugene Benson and William Toye, eds. The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1997: 753-754. W. H. New, ed. Encyclopedia of Literature in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002: 740
Mount Athos is a mountain and peninsula in northeastern Greece and an important centre of Eastern Orthodox monasticism. It is governed as an autonomous polity within the Greek Republic. Mount Athos is home to 20 monasteries under the direct jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople. Mount Athos is referred to in Greek as the "Holy Mountain" and the entity as the "Athonite State". Other languages of Orthodox tradition use names translating to "Holy Mountain", including Bulgarian and Serbian Света гора, Sveta gora. In the classical era, while the mountain was called Athos, the peninsula was known as Acté or Akté. Mount Athos has been inhabited since ancient times and is known for its nearly 1,800-year continuous Christian presence and its long historical monastic traditions, which date back to at least 800 A. D. and the Byzantine era. Today, over 2,000 monks from Greece and many other countries, including Eastern Orthodox countries such as Romania, Georgia, Bulgaria and Russia, live an ascetic life in Athos, isolated from the rest of the world.
The Athonite monasteries feature a rich collection of well-preserved artifacts, rare books, ancient documents, artworks of immense historical value, Mount Athos has been listed as a World Heritage site since 1988. Although Mount Athos is part of the European Union like the rest of Greece, the Monastic State of the Holy Mountain and the Athonite institutions have a special jurisdiction, reaffirmed during the admission of Greece to the European Community; this empowers the Monastic State's authorities to regulate the free movement of people and goods in its territory. The peninsula, the easternmost "leg" of the larger Chalkidiki peninsula in central Macedonia, protrudes 50 kilometres into the Aegean Sea at a width of between 7 and 12 kilometres and covers an area of 335.6 square kilometres. The actual Mount Athos has steep, densely forested slopes reaching up to 2,033 metres; the surrounding seas at the end of the peninsula, can be dangerous. In ancient Greek history two fleet disasters in the area are recorded: In 492 BC Darius, the king of Persia, lost 300 ships under general Mardonius.
In 411 BC the Spartans lost a fleet of 50 ships under admiral Epicleas. Though land-linked, Mount Athos is accessible only by ferry; the Agios Panteleimon and Axion Estin travel daily between Ouranoupolis and Dafni, with stops at some monasteries on the western coast. There is a smaller speed boat, the Agia Anna, which travels the same route, but with no intermediate stops, it is possible to travel by ferry to and from Ierissos for direct access to monasteries along the eastern coast. The number of daily visitors to Mount Athos is restricted, all are required to obtain a special entrance permit valid for a limited period. Only men are permitted to visit the territory, called the "Garden of Virgin Mary" by the monks, with Orthodox Christians taking precedence in permit issuance procedures. Residents on the peninsula must be men aged 18 and over who are members of the Eastern Orthodox Church and either monks or workers. Athos in Greek mythology is the name of one of the Gigantes that challenged the Greek gods during the Gigantomachia.
Athos threw a massive rock against Poseidon which became Mount Athos. According to another version of the story, Poseidon used the mountain to bury the defeated giant. Homer mentions the mountain Athos in the Iliad. Herodotus writes that, during the Persian invasion of Thrace in 492 BC, the fleet of the Persian commander Mardonius was wrecked with losses of 300 ships and 20,000 men, by a strong North wind while attempting to round the coast near Mount Athos. Herodotus mentions the peninsula called Acte, telling us that Pelasgians from the island of Lemnos populated it and naming five cities thereon, Cleonae, Thyssos and Acrothoï. Strabo mentions the cities of Dion and Acrothoï. Eretria established colonies on Acte. At least one other city was established in the Classical period: Acanthus; some of these cities minted their own coins. The peninsula was on the invasion route of Xerxes I, who spent three years excavating the Xerxes Canal across the isthmus to allow the passage of his invasion fleet in 483 BC.
After the death of Alexander the Great, the architect Dinocrates proposed carving the entire mountain into a statue of Alexander. The history of the peninsula during latter ages is shrouded by the lack of historical accounts. Archaeologists have not been able to determine the exact location of the cities reported by Strabo, it is believed that they must have been deserted when Athos' new inhabitants, the monks, started arriving some time before the ninth century AD. According to the Athonite tradition, the Blessed Virgin Mary was sailing accompanied by St John the Evangelist from Joppa to Cyprus to visit Lazarus; when the ship was blown off course to then-pagan Athos, it was forced to anchor near the port of Klement, close to the present monastery of Iviron. The Virgin walked ashore and, overwhelmed by the wonderful and wild natural beauty of the mountain, she blessed it and asked her Son for it to be her garden. A voice was heard saying "Ἔστω ὁ τόπος οὖτος κλῆρος σὸς καὶ περιβόλαιον σὸν καὶ παράδεισος, ἔτι δὲ καὶ λιμὴν σωτήριος τῶν θελόντων σωθῆναι"
Athos Bulcão was a Brazilian painter and sculptor. He was born in Rio de Janeiro. In the 1940s he assisted Cândido Portinari with the "São Francisco de Assis" painting at the Pampulha Church, in Belo Horizonte, he moved to Paris, where he lived until 1949. Back to Brazil, he became one of the collaborators of the construction of Brasília, taking part in several of Oscar Niemeyer's projects, in 1958 he moved to Brasília where he lived until his death in 2008. Athos Bulcão died in Brasília on July 31, 2008 due to complications from Parkinson's disease
Athos-Aspis is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. Athos-Aspis is located to the north-west of Sauveterre-de-Béarn and just east of Abitain. Access to the commune is by the D27 road from Sauveterre-de-Béarn passing through the east of the commune and going north to Oraas. Access to the village can be by several country roads from the D27 including Arriouteque going to Lespitaou and the Village road. Apart from the village there is the hamlet of Aspis in the south of the commune. There are significant forests in the east of the commune with the rest farmland; the Gave d'Oloron forms the whole southern and eastern borders of the commune as it flows north to join the Gave de Pau at Peyrehorade. The Arriouyeque flows from the east of the commune through the centre to join the Gave d'Oloron on the western border; the Ruisseau de Rance flows south-west to join the Arriouteque. The Arrec Heure forms most of the northern border of the commune as it flows west to join the Gave d'Oloron at the north-western corner of the commune.
The commune name in béarnais is Atos-Aspins. For Athos Michel Grosclaude proposed the patronym Ato with the Aquitaine suffix -ossum. For Aspis Michel Grosclaude proposed a Gascon etymology es pins meaning "the pines"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Grosclaude: Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, 2006 Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750 Cassini2: Cassini Map from 1790Origins: Marca: Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn. Cartulary: Cartulary of the Abbey of Saint-Jean de Sorde Notaries: Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche Census: Census of Béarn Reformation: Reformation of Béarn Paul Raymond noted on page 16 that in 1385 Athos had 19 fires and depended on the Bailiwick of Sauveterre as did the fief of Aspis as noted on page 15; the villages of Athos and Aspis were united into one commune on 10 January 1842.
During the Reformation the Priest at Athos was murdered in his church and the village adopted the new ideas. Athos is the birthplace of Athos, one of the title characters in the novel The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas; the fictional Athos is named after the historical musketeer Armand de Sillègue d'Athos d'Autevielle, youngest son of Adrien de Sillègue, Lord of Athos and Autevielle. Autevielle is another nearby village in the commune of Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren. List of Successive Mayors The commune is part of five inter-communal structures: the inter-communal centre for social action of Sauveterre-de-Béarn; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 From 1793 to 1836 the communes of Athos and Aspis were separate but the above table shows the total for both communes during that period.
Economic activity is agricultural. The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty. There are the houses of Lascampagnes, the consul Gourlat, of Bouchoô the place where Monsigneur Bouchoô was born. Aspis has a château from the 14th century facing the Gave d'Oloron with a terrace and a door to the garden. There is the site of an old church and the old school. At Athos there is a church of Romanesque origin in the old fief of Moliède d'Athos where there was a well-known ferry and ruins of a mill; the Church of Saint-Pierre is of Romanesque origin and contains a renaissance stoup and a Statue on the Virgin in coloured wood. Behind the Altar is the tomb of Jeanne du Peyrer "Lady of Athos and Aspis" and mother of the musketeer; the renaissance door has a stone carving from the 14th century upside down. The cemetery has the tomb of the design engineer of the Sauveterre bridge and that of Edmond Gourlat, consul of France and local personality; the birth of the musketeer Athos in the commune is debatable.
A plaque near the church says that he was born in the Lassalle house where only parts of walls remain but the village of Autevielle claims his birth in the fortified house of Moliède d'Athos which has some remains of strong walls. Athos was the birthplace of Jean-Baptiste Boucho, born in the Bouchoô house in 1797, French Apostolic vicar of the Malay peninsula. History of Athos and Aspis, Alexis Ichas Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Athos-Aspis on Google Maps Athos-Aspis on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Athos and Aspis on the 1750 Cassini Map Athos-Aspis on the INSEE website INSEE