The Atlantic languages of West Africa are a major subgroup of the Niger–Congo languages. The exact scope of the Atlantic subgroup is the object of current research; the Atlantic languages are spoken along the Atlantic coast from Senegal to Sierra Leone, though transhumant Fula speakers have spread eastward and are found in large numbers across the Sahel, from Senegal to Nigeria and Sudan. Wolof of Senegal and several of the Fula languages are the most populous Atlantic languages, with several million speakers each. Other significant members include the Jola dialect cluster of Senegal. Temne, a major language of Sierra Leone, was included in the Atlantic subgroup in earlier classifications, but in modern proposals, it is no longer grouped within Atlantic. Most Atlantic languages exhibit consonant mutation and have noun-class systems similar to those of the distantly related Bantu languages; some languages are tonal. The basic word order tends to be SVO; the Atlantic family was first identified by Sigismund Koelle in 1854.
In the early 20th century, Carl Meinhof claimed that Fula was a Hamitic language, but August von Klingenhaben and Joseph Greenberg's work conclusively established Fula's close relationship with Wolof and Serer. W. A. A. Wilson notes that the validity of the family as a whole rests on much weaker evidence, though it is clear that the languages are part of the Niger–Congo family, based on evidence such as a shared noun-class system. However, comparative work on Niger–Congo is in its infancy. Classifications of Niger–Congo based on lexicostatistics propose that the various Atlantic languages are rather divergent, but less so than Mande and other languages that lack noun classes. David Sapir proposed a classification of Atlantic into three branches, a northern group, a southern group, the divergent Bijago language of the Bissagos Islands off the coast of Guinea-Bissau: Northern Sénégal languages: Fula–Serer; the unity of the Atlantic languages—as traditionally defined—has long been questioned, e.g. Dalby, who argued for the Mel languages as a primary branch of Niger–Congo.
At the current stage of research, the wide concept of Atlantic within the Niger–Congo family is no longer held up. Segerer and Pozdniakov & Segerer propose a narrowed-down version of the Atlantic languages by excluding all languages of the southern branch, which they treat as four primary branches within the Niger–Congo family; the Bak languages are split from the northern languages as a coordinate subbranch within Atlantic. Bijago is assigned to the Bak languages. Güldemann goes further, treats Nalu amd Mbulungish–Baga Mboteni as unclassified first-order branches of Niger–Congo. Proto-Atlantic lexical innovations reconstructed by Pozdniakov & Segerer: Sample Atlantic cognate sets: Comparison of numerals in individual languages: Linguisitic and folklore material from Kujamaat Joola UCLA page on Wolof Journal of West African Languages: Atlantic languages Konstantin Pozdniakov's personal site
The Long Winter is a 1992 French–Spanish drama film directed by Jaime Camino and starring Vittorio Gassman, Elizabeth Hurley and Jacques Penot. It depicts a middle-class Catalan family during the Spanish Civil War; the film was entered into the 42nd Berlin International Film Festival. Vittorio Gassman as Claudio Jacques Penot as Ramón Casals Elizabeth Hurley as Emma Stapleton Jean Rochefort as Jordi Casals Adolfo Marsillach as Casimiro Casals Asunción Balaguer as Assumpta de Casals Teresa Gimpera as Lola de Casals Ramon Madaula as Simi Casals Àlex Casanovas as Fernando Casals Judit Mascó as Mercedes Casals Jordan Giralt as Juanito Casals Yaiza Pérez as Flora Casals Sergi Mateu as Ramon Casals Jr. José Luis López Vázquez as Tio Paco Sílvia Munt as Amelia José Luis de Vilallonga as Conde de Santbenet The Long Winter on IMDb
Steven DeMarchi is a Canadian guitarist, backing vocalist and songwriter. He is best known as the lead guitarist of the bands Sheriff and Alias. DeMarchi played guitar for The Cranberries and was the main guitarist for Dolores O'Riordan; as a Billboard hit songwriter, DeMarchi is known for co-writing the hit songs "More Than Words Can Say", a 1990 Number 1 hit on the BillBoard Hot AC chart and Number 2 on the Billboard Hot 100 and “Haunted Heart”, a 1990 Number 18 hit on the US Mainstream Rock chart. BMI presented DeMarchi with the "Million-air award" for the song "More Than Words Can Say". According to BMI’s web site, only 1,500 songs including "When I'm With You" by Sheriff have achieved Million-air status among the 4.5 million songs by 300,000 BMI represented artists. One million performances is equal to 50,000 broadcast hours, or more than 5.7 years of continuous airplay. In 1982, DeMarchi performed live with Sheriff in LA on a nationwide TV show An Evening at the Improv. In 1990, he performed live with Alias on several national TV shows, including two performances on The Tonight Show - once with Johnny Carson and once with Jay Leno.
DeMarchi was guitarist for the band The Cranberries between 1996 and 2003. Between 2005 and 2007 Dolores O’Riordan, the voice of The Cranberries and DeMarchi recorded O'Riordans first solo record titled "Are You Listening". DeMarchi appeared with O'Riordan on many televised and radio live performances in 2007 in support of that record, travelled to over 22 countries in Europe, North America and South America on the 2007 O'Riordan world tour. In May 2007, DeMarchi along with other band members, were featured with O’Riordan in live performances on the Carson Daly Show, The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, True Music on HDnet cable network TV, on Heaven and Earth BBC Manchester. In January 2009, Alias announced the release of their second album, appropriately titled Never Say Never. Live performances are expected during 2009 in support of this new album release. DeMarchi has collaborated with other successful songwriters like Steve Diamond, Jim Vallance, Freddy Curci, Arnold Lanni, Rick Neigher, Albert Hammond, Jeff Paris just to name a few.
On the 1982 Sheriff album Sheriff, DeMarchi co-wrote with Arnold Lanni the songs: Track 5-Kept Me Coming Track 7-Crazy Without YouDeMarchi wrote most of the songs on the 1990 Alias album Alias with Freddy Curci,: Track 1-Say What I Wanna Say Track 2-Haunted Heart Track 4-The Power Track 5-Heroes Track 6-What To Do Track 7-After All The Love Is Gone Track 8-More Than Words Can Say Track 10-True Emotion Track 11-Standing In The DarknessOn Curci's 1994 solo album "Dreamer's Road", DeMarchi collaborated in writing the songs: Track 2-Dreamer's Road Track 4-Just To Be Close Track 8-Real Love Track 9-Into the Fire Track 10-Diamonds Track 11-Life Goes OnOn the 2006 Zion album, DeMarchi collaborated with Curci for the songs: Track 2-How Much Longer Is Forever Track 4-Dangerous Track 7-No Surprise Track 10-Who Do You think You Are Track 11-Crash The Mirror 1982 Sheriff, Capitol Records 1990 Alias, EMI 1990 Haunted Heart EP, EMI 1991 Waiting For Love EP, EMI 1992 Perfect World EP, EMI 2009 Never Say Never 1994 solo album, Dreamer's Road, EMI Music Canada 2000 compilation album and Now, Frontiers 2006 Zion, Frontiers Records 2007 Are You Listening?
2009 No Baggage in the song "Stupid" 1991 - Don't Tell Mom the Babysitter's Dead Soundtrack: Performer / Producer “Perfect World” "Billboard". Billboard Hot 100 airplay and sales charts. Retrieved June 11, 2006. Feldman, Christopher; the Billboard Book of Number Two Hits. ISBN 0-8230-7695-4. LiveDairy interview Dolores O'Riordan Dreamer's Heavy Harmonies Community Capitol Records Inc.. Sheriff album cover insert. UPC 0 77777-91216-2 5 Capitol Records Inc. Alias album cover insert. UPC 0 20831-4097-2 89 EMI Music Canada Dreamer's Road album cover insert. UPC 7243 8 29339 22 Frontier Records Zion album cover insert. UPC 8 024391 031322 latest news update March 2009 Interview with Steve DeMarchi, Behind the Alias Steve DeMarchi Myspace Profile The Official ALIAS Myspace Profile
Thomas Bellut is a German journalist. Since March 2012, he is the director of the public TV channel Second German Television. After graduating from the school Antonianum in Vechta in 1974, Bellut studied Political Science and Journalism at the Westphalian Wilhelms University in Münster from 1975 to 1982. During his studies he was a scholar of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, finishing his studies with a PhD. Before Bellut transferred to the TV channel ZDF in Mainz, he worked from 1983 to 1984 at the newspaper Westfälische Nachrichten in Münster. At the ZDF channel Bellut was an editor of the Länderspiegel TV magazine and ZDF correspondent in Berlin, he became an assistant to the program director Oswald Ring responsible for shows like Familienmagazin and Reiselust. After that, he was editorial director for the magazine blickpunkt. From 1997 he headed the main editorial department for domestic policy and presented specials and election broadcasts, like the Politbarometer, ZDF spezial, the talk show Was nun..?
From 2002 to 2012 Bellut was Program Director of the ZDF channel. On 17 June 2011 he was elected as successor of Markus Schächter as ZDF Director, he is in office since 14/15 March 2012. Arte, Ex-Officio Vice President of the General Assembly Aktion Mensch, Ex-Officio Chairman of the Supervisory Board Deutsche Sporthilfe, Member of the Foundation’s Council German Coordinating-Council for Christian-Jewish Cooperation Organizations, Member of the Board of Trustees German Foundation for Monument Protection, Member of the Board of Trustees International Journalists’ Programmes, Member of the Board of Trustees Reporters Without Borders Germany, Member of the Board of Trustees Senckenberg Nature Research Society, Member of the Board of Trustees Welthungerhilfe, Member of the Board of Trustees Thomas Bellut on IMDb Official page of Thomas Bellut at zdf.de
Eric Leroy Adams is the Borough President of Brooklyn, New York City. Adams served as an officer in the New York City Transit Police and the New York City Police Department, for 22 years. In 1994, though endorsed by the Nation of Islam, he was defeated in the Democratic primary for a New York Congressional seat. From 2006 to 2013 he was a Democratic State Senator in the New York Senate. In November 2013, Adams was elected Brooklyn Borough President, the first African-American to hold the position. In November 2017 he was reelected. Adams, in a speech in Harlem in 2020, said: "Go back to Iowa, you go back to Ohio. New York City belongs to the people, here and made New York City what it is." Adams was born in Brooklyn. He was raised in Bushwick and South Jamaica, Queens, he graduated from Bayside High School in Queens in 1978. He subsequently received an associate degree from the New York City College of Technology, a B. A. from the John Jay College of Criminal Justice, an M. P. A. from Marist College.
By his own admission, he was a D+ student. Adams served as an officer in the New York City Transit Police and in the New York City Police Department for 22 years, after being asked to "infiltrate" the police at the behest of the Reverend Herbert Daughtry, of the House of the Lord’s Church in Brooklyn, he graduated from the New York City Police Academy in 1984. He started in the New York City Transit Police, continued with the NYPD when the transit police and the NYPD merged, he worked in the 6th Precinct in Greenwich Village, the 94th Precinct in Greenpoint, the 88th Precinct covering Fort Greene and Clinton Hill. While serving, he co-founded 100 Blacks in Law Enforcement Who Care, an advocacy group for black police officers, spoke out against police brutality and racial profiling. During the 1990s Adams served as president of the Grand Council of Guardians, an organization of black officers. In 1993, while President of the Ground Council of Guardians, Adams accused politician Herman Badillo of betraying his Hispanic heritage by having as his wife a white, Jewish woman, instead of a Latino.
Badillo responded that "Voting based on race is the definition of racism, has no place in a civilized multiracial society..." Badillo added: "I don't apologize to anyone for the fact that my wife is Jewish." In 1994, endorsed by the Nation of Islam, was defeated by Major Owens in the Democratic primary for the 11th Congressional seat in central Brooklyn. Adams was first elected to the New York State Senate in 2006, serving for four terms, until late 2013, he represented the 20th Senate District, which includes parts of the Brooklyn neighborhoods of Brownsville, Crown Heights, East Flatbush, Park Slope, Prospect Heights, Sunset Park. As a freshman state senator, in 2007 and 2008 he was among the legislators who suggested a pay raise for themselves, though they ranked third-highest in pay among all state lawmakers in the United States. On December 2, 2009, Adams was one of the 24 state senators to vote in favor of marriage equality in New York State, he spoke in support of the freedom to marry during the debate before the vote.
He was criticized for backing fellow state senator Hiram Monserrate a former police officer, after Monserrate was accused of domestic violence toward his girlfriend, involving his cutting her face with a broken glass and causing lacerations that required 20 stitches to close. After Monserrate was convicted of misdemeanor assault, in 2010 Adams was one of only 8 Senators to oppose his expulsion from the New York State Senate, which passed with 53 votes. Adams was a vocal opponent of the NYPD's "stop and frisk" policy, which predominantly affected young Black and Latino men, which in 2000 the U. S. Commission on Civil Rights had said constituted racial profiling. In 2011 he supported calling for a federal investigation into stop-and-frisk practices, he sought to stop the NYPD from gathering data about individuals, stopped but not charged. The New York Daily News penned an editorial in 2013 saying Adams’s claims on the NYPD's stop and frisk policy were "beneath credibility."In 2012 Adams served as co-chair of New York's State Legislators Against Illegal Guns.
Adams and five other African-American state lawmakers wore hooded sweatshirts in the legislative chamber on March 12, 2012, in protest of the shooting of Trayvon Martin, a Florida teen, killed by George Zimmerman. On November 5, 2013, Adams was elected Brooklyn borough president with 90.8 percent of the vote, more than any other candidate for borough president in New York City that year. Adams, in his role as Brooklyn borough president, appoints the members of each of the 18 community boards in Brooklyn, half of which are nominated by local members of the City Council. Community boards members represent their neighbors in matters dealing with land use and other specific neighborhood needs. In 2016, he launched a digital app process for board membership, which has increased applications by 10 percent, he intends – under the authority granted by a 2015 state law – to appoint youth members to every community board. Under the New York City Charter, borough presidents must submit Uniform Land Use Review Procedure recommendations on certain uses of land throughout their borough.
Adams has used his ULURP recommendations to propose additional permanently affordable housing units in the rezoning of East New York.
The Bulgarian identity card is a compulsory identity document issued in Bulgaria. The document is issued by the police on behalf of the Ministry of Interior and is the main form of identification on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria. All Bulgarians are obliged by law to carry their identity cards with them at all times and are subject to fines should they not. Since 1 January 2007, the Bulgarian identity card can be used for travel within the European Union and the Schengen Area instead of a Bulgarian passport. In addition, the Bulgarian identity card is accepted as a travel document by European microstates, the French overseas territories, Albania and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Cyprus, North Macedonia, Serbia; the Bulgarian identity card is compulsory after turning 14 years of age. The new Bulgarian ID cards were introduced in 1999, they follow the general pattern in the EU and replaced the old, Soviet-style "internal passports" known as "green passports". Since 29 March 2010 new Bulgarian identity cards were introduced.
The physical appearance of the Bulgarian identity card is similar to that of a credit card, the identity card is plastic and rounded-rectangular in shape. On the left side is the photograph of the bearer. On the top edge of the card, the name Republic of Bulgaria is available in two languages and English, written in capital letters, the name of the card is available in the same two languages and written in capital letters; the middle part of the flag of the Republic of Bulgaria and the Coat of Arms of the Republic of Bulgaria are displayed on the identity card. Furthermore, the following information is contained on the front side of the card: The unique 9-digit ID number of the card The cardholder's full name and date of birth The cardholder's uniform civil number: a unique 10-digit number that serves as national identification number Date of expiry of the card Cardholder's signatureThe back side of the identity card contains the cardholder's family name, place of birth, permanent address and eye colour, as well as the place where the card was issued together with the date of issue.
At the bottom there is a machine-readable zone according to ICAO specifications. In order to be issued an identity card, one needs to fill in a form, which should be taken to the Identity Documents and Passport Regime Units within the District Police Stations; the forms could be obtained at all District Police Stations. When applying a digital picture of the person is taken, and—in the case of applying for a passport at the same time—fingerprints of the thumbs of the applicant. First-time applicants must provide a valid birth certificate, it is possible for a person to apply for a renewal of the ID card via a representative with a notary signed permit, provided there are no significant changes in his or her appearance. There however limitations. If you apply via a representative, you must receive the new ID yourself. Vice versa, if you applied yourself an authorized representative may receive your ID; this does not apply to applying for passports. A monetary tax is paid for the issuing of the identity card.
The standard time for issuing a Bulgarian identity card is 30 days. There are, express services that allow you to apply for a 7-day or 24-hour service; these cost extra. If you apply for a standard 30-day service there is a great chance your Id card will be ready way before that; the Ministry of Interior has provided an online service that allows you to check whether your ID card is ready. For people ages 14 to 18 years, the identity cards are valid for four years, while citizens ages 18–58 are issued cards with 10-year validity. Anyone can examine the validity of Bulgarian identity cards on the website of the Bulgarian Ministry of Interior here; the services are free and only card number and birth date need to be given. National identity cards in the European Union National identity cards in the European Economic Area Citizenship of the European Union Bulgarian passport Bulgarian nationality law Uniform civil number Driving licence in Bulgaria Visa requirements for Bulgarian citizens Visa policy of Bulgaria List of identity card policies by country An application on the Ministry of the Interior’s website that checks identification card numbers for validity.
Official information about the issuing of Bulgarian identity cards from the Bulgarian Ministry of Interior