An atmospheric theatre is a type of movie palace design, popular in the late 1920s. "Rather than seating the theatre patrons in a boxlike, formal setting as passive observers of stage entertainment, the atmospheric design transported them to an exotic European courtyard or garden. A cerulean sky intricately dotted with depicted starry skies with wispy floating clouds produced by a projector replaced the ornate domes of traditional theatre design. Rather than crystal chandeliers and gilt ornamentation there were arches, trellises and statuary to evoke a sense of the outdoors. Other ornamentation included trees and vines and taxidermy birds; as the stars twinkled above, creating in the audience a sense of infinite space, when the entertainment was about to begin the lighting effects created an illusion of the setting sun, as colors changed from yellow to red to mauve. The atmospheric theatre design made the patron an active, comfortable resident of an imaginary time and place, not a passive, aloof occupant of an oppressive formal space."The extravagantly designed theaters of the early twentieth century were expensive to build.
These classically designed theaters required an elaborate auditorium ceiling with one or more grand chandeliers. An atmospheric theater only required a simple, smooth dome with low-wattage lights to simulate twinkling stars; this is not to say. The side walls of the theaters featured complex elements that created a fantasy outdoor setting like being in a village, garden, or on the grounds of a grand palace; the most successful promoter of the style was John Eberson. He credited the Hoblitzelle Majestic Theatre as the first. Before the end of the 1920s he designed around 100 atmospheric theatres in the U. S. and a few other countries selecting the furnishings and art objects. John Eberson was designer of the atmospheric style. Sixteen of his atmospheric theatres in the United States are still in operation: New Regal Theater Moorish Revival Akron Civic Theatre The theater was built in 1929 by Marcus Loew and designed by theater architect John Eberson, it seats 5,000 people. The auditorium is designed to resemble a night in a Moorish garden.
Twinkling stars and drifting clouds travel across the domed ceiling. Located on Akron’s South Main Street, the theater’s entrance lobby extends over the Ohio and Erie Canal; the theater has a small multicolored terra cotta façade dominated by a large marquee. The interior of the entrance and lobby is designed to resemble a Moorish castle with Mediterranean decor, complete with medieval-style carvings, authentic European antiques and Italian alabaster sculptures. A grand full-sized Wurlitzer organ hidden beneath the stage rises to the stage level on a special elevator. In June 2001, the Akron Civic Theatre closed its doors for the most expensive and extensive renovation in its history in order to bring the theater up to modern performance and patron standards, to restoring its failing 75-year-old infrastructure; the renovation cost just over $19 million, which included additional restroom facilities, new concession stands and expansion of the lobbies. The renovation allowed for the Civic to better serve customers with special needs by adding more handicapped seating and a new elevator.
To bring the theatre up to new standards the dressing rooms were all redone and the stage was expanded from twenty-six feet to forty feet. Added to the Civic was a freight elevator, a new loading dock and a cross-over space behind the stage's back wall. Other improvements included updating the sound system, HVAC, roof exterior, electrical service and modernizing the plumbing; the newly renovated Civic Theatre re-opened in November 2002. Indiana Theatre The Indiana Theatre has a Spanish courtyard design and was one of the first Eberson theatres to exhibit atmospheric elements. While not atmospheric, the Indiana Theatre's original lighting system gave a blue hue to the auditorium ceiling and scattered light to simulate stars; the tile and terrazzo flooring, shapes of windows, prominence of Spanish coats of arms, Churrigueresque exterior, as well as numerous plaster designs that were seen first in the Indiana Theatre became a framework for designs. Eberson stated, "Into this Indiana Theatre I have put my best efforts and endeavors in the art of designing a modern theatre such as I have pictured as what I would do were I given a free hand."
Majestic Theatre Renaissance Revival. The Majestic Theatre, constructed in 1920, was the first Eberson theatre to use a simulated outdoor sky ceiling. Majestic Theatre, San AntonioSpanish courtyard Olympia Theater and Office Building Moorish Revival Orpheum Theatre Spanish courtyard Palace Theatre Spanish courtyard Palace Theatre A John Eberson-designed theater, the Palace Theatre was built in 1928 and renovated in 1976. With a Spanish Revival courtyard design, the theatre features low voltage lighting in the ceiling to mimic stars and the original reconditioned cloud machine to simulate moving clouds. Alcoves in the theatre contain stuffed birds, including a macaw that Eberson sometimes included in his interior design work, most of the original Pietro Caproni statues; the Louisville Palace Spanish Baroque Richmond CenterStage (formerly Palace Spanish-Moorish Paramount Theatre Spanish Courtyard Astro Theatre Hispano-Italian State Theatre Span
Let's Take It to the Stage
Let's Take It to the Stage is the seventh album by American funk/soul/rock band Funkadelic. It was released in April 1975 on Westbound Records; the album charted at number 102 on number 14 on the R&B Albums. Let's Take It to the Stage is a funk rock album; the opening track, "Good to Your Earhole", features extensive guitar parts and a pronounced funk groove played by the rhythm section. According to Funkadelic bandleader George Clinton, the guitar solo for "Get Off Your Ass and Jam" was performed by "a smack addict" guitar player who had found his way into the studio, he asked Clinton if he could play for some cash and proceeded to play "like he was possessed", soloing over the entire duration of the song. He received $50 for his efforts without Clinton learning his name. In a July 2009 interview with Vintage Guitar, guitarist Paul Warren said. Warren makes the same assertion on The Paul Warren Project; the closing track "Atmosphere", which begins with a monologue by Clinton about "dicks and clits", appropriates an extended organ coda from Johann Sebastian Bach.
"Get Off Your Ass and Jam" has been sampled on several hip hop hits, including Brand Nubian's "Slow Down", Public Enemy's "Bring the Noise", N. W. A's "100 Miles and Runnin'". Reviewing the album in 1975, Billboard magazine called it a collection of Funkadelic's "usual good mix of soul and jazz sounds, mixed in with singing and street raps", citing the title track and "Baby I Owe You Something Good" as highlights. In The Village Voice, Robert Christgau said Funkadelic does on record "what they've always promised to do in the hype—make the Ohio Players sound like the Mike Curb Congregation." Years he wrote in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies that, despite the group's "disturbingly occultish bent", the music is "tough-minded, outlandish danceable, I think, liberating". Sasha Frere-Jones, writing in The Rolling Stone Album Guide, said it was "a summing-up of everything Funkadelic had done to date, is still their most playable record." He felt that, although Clinton's "sexual politics weren't at their best" on tracks such as "No Head No Backstage Pass", the album is exemplary of the band's musicianship.
Vocals:'Cool' Cal Simon,'Bad Bosco' Bernie Worrell, C'Boogie' Mosson, Garry'Dowop' Shider Bass Vocals:'Sting' Ray Davis Genie Vocals:'Shady' Grady Thomas Werewolf Vocals: Clarence "Fuzzy" Haskins Maggot Overlord: George Clinton Congas: Calvin Simon Keyboards: Bernie Worrell Bass: C Boogie Mosson Percussion: R Tiki Fulwood Guitar: Eddie Hazel, Michael Hampton, Garry Shider Alumni Funkadelic: Bootsy Collins, Billy Bass, Eddie Hazel, Ron Bykowski Guest Funkadelic: Paul Warren, Reggie McBride, Mello Garcia, Denise Hurd, Delores whats-her-name, Gary "Mudbone" Cooper, Parliament Christgau, Robert. Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 0899190251. DeCurtis, Anthony; the Rolling Stone Album Guide. Random House. ISBN 0679737294. If an album deserved to be called ahead of its time, this catchy and challenging funk-rock raveup qualifies. Frere-Jones, Sasha. Brackett, Nathan; the New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8. Let's Take It to the Stage at Discogs "Masters of the Form: Funkadelic, 1975 – Let's Take It to the Stage" by PopMatters About the album
Atmosphere of Earth
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity. The atmosphere of Earth protects life on Earth by creating pressure allowing for liquid water to exist on the Earth's surface, absorbing ultraviolet solar radiation, warming the surface through heat retention, reducing temperature extremes between day and night. By volume, dry air contains 78.09% nitrogen, 20.95% oxygen, 0.93% argon, 0.04% carbon dioxide, small amounts of other gases. Air contains a variable amount of water vapor, on average around 1% at sea level, 0.4% over the entire atmosphere. Air content and atmospheric pressure vary at different layers, air suitable for use in photosynthesis by terrestrial plants and breathing of terrestrial animals is found only in Earth's troposphere and in artificial atmospheres; the atmosphere has a mass of about 5.15×1018 kg, three quarters of, within about 11 km of the surface. The atmosphere becomes thinner and thinner with increasing altitude, with no definite boundary between the atmosphere and outer space.
The Kármán line, at 100 km, or 1.57% of Earth's radius, is used as the border between the atmosphere and outer space. Atmospheric effects become noticeable during atmospheric reentry of spacecraft at an altitude of around 120 km. Several layers can be distinguished in the atmosphere, based on characteristics such as temperature and composition; the study of Earth's atmosphere and its processes is called atmospheric science. Early pioneers in the field include Richard Assmann; the three major constituents of Earth's atmosphere are nitrogen and argon. Water vapor accounts for 0.25% of the atmosphere by mass. The concentration of water vapor varies from around 10 ppm by volume in the coldest portions of the atmosphere to as much as 5% by volume in hot, humid air masses, concentrations of other atmospheric gases are quoted in terms of dry air; the remaining gases are referred to as trace gases, among which are the greenhouse gases, principally carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, ozone. Filtered air includes trace amounts of many other chemical compounds.
Many substances of natural origin may be present in locally and seasonally variable small amounts as aerosols in an unfiltered air sample, including dust of mineral and organic composition and spores, sea spray, volcanic ash. Various industrial pollutants may be present as gases or aerosols, such as chlorine, fluorine compounds and elemental mercury vapor. Sulfur compounds such as hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide may be derived from natural sources or from industrial air pollution; the relative concentration of gases remains constant until about 10,000 m. In general, air pressure and density decrease with altitude in the atmosphere. However, temperature has a more complicated profile with altitude, may remain constant or increase with altitude in some regions; because the general pattern of the temperature/altitude profile is constant and measurable by means of instrumented balloon soundings, the temperature behavior provides a useful metric to distinguish atmospheric layers. In this way, Earth's atmosphere can be divided into five main layers.
Excluding the exosphere, the atmosphere has four primary layers, which are the troposphere, stratosphere and thermosphere. From highest to lowest, the five main layers are: Exosphere: 700 to 10,000 km Thermosphere: 80 to 700 km Mesosphere: 50 to 80 km Stratosphere: 12 to 50 km Troposphere: 0 to 12 km The exosphere is the outermost layer of Earth's atmosphere, it extends from the exobase, located at the top of the thermosphere at an altitude of about 700 km above sea level, to about 10,000 km where it merges into the solar wind. This layer is composed of low densities of hydrogen and several heavier molecules including nitrogen and carbon dioxide closer to the exobase; the atoms and molecules are so far apart that they can travel hundreds of kilometers without colliding with one another. Thus, the exosphere no longer behaves like a gas, the particles escape into space; these free-moving particles follow ballistic trajectories and may migrate in and out of the magnetosphere or the solar wind. The exosphere is located too far above Earth for any meteorological phenomena to be possible.
However, the aurora borealis and aurora australis sometimes occur in the lower part of the exosphere, where they overlap into the thermosphere. The exosphere contains most of the satellites orbiting Earth; the thermosphere is the second-highest layer of Earth's atmosphere. It extends from the mesopause at an altitude of about 80 km up to the thermopause at an altitude range of 500–1000 km; the height of the thermopause varies due to changes in solar activity. Because the thermopause lies at the lower boundary of the exosphere, it is referred to as the exobase; the lower part of the thermosphere, from 80 to 550 kilometres above Earth's surface, contains the ionosphere. The temperature of the thermosphere increases with height. Unlike the stratosphere beneath it, wherein a temperature inversion is due to the absorption of radiation by ozone, the inversion in the t
There were binary and ASCII versions of the.aer file format, though the ASCII format was phased out in releases..aer files could be generated dynamically using server-side content management systems, as demonstrated by the AtmoWorlds.com Worlds Directory. Users were represented in worlds by avatars. In builds, an option allowed the user to see his or her own avatar. An early quirk of Atmosphere displayed users whose avatars had not yet loaded as colorful, slanted cylinders, announced the arrival of users with a "bug zapper" sound. Whereas in ActiveWorlds it is only possible to communicate with users within a 200-meter radius, Atmosphere users could chat with all the users in the world; this model was more appropriate for Atmosphere, considering the smaller sizes of most worlds. Technically, users could chat with anyone in a reference to the IRC protocol; the exception was when worlds would receive too many visitors, as was the case at HomeWorld: worlds would "clone", creating duplicate channels for the same world, which would cause confusion for users.
Some world developers wrote scripts that limited communication to users within a certain distance, for greater realism. A built-in Havok physics engine, detailed rendering, dynamic lighting contributed to the realism of Atmosphere worlds. Many world authors wanted to create large worlds, in order to build more realistic cities, for example, but such worlds would take an excessive amount of time to load in the visitor's web browser if the visitor was using a slower dial-up connection. To alleviate this issue, Atmosphere supported a pattern reminiscent of inline frames in HTML: sections of the world – subworlds or models – would load as the user neared, so that a city could load block by block, rather than all at once. One of Atmosphere's problems, was excessive memory usage, exacerbated by the use of advanced features such as embedded models and Flash movies in many worlds. Atmosphere's chat console used the Windows-1252 character encoding. From its inception, Adobe Photoshop Album included a "3D gallery" feature that could publish a photo album as an Atmosphere world.
Adobe Atmosphere began as 3D Anarchy by Attitude Software. It relied on IRC for chat functionality; the original user interface was rather eccentric, featuring two ever-present eyeballs that would blink. Versions adopted a more conventional interface, although one of the pre-supplied avatars was based on the eyes. Adobe bought the technology from Attitude in November 1999 and announced the first public beta version under the new name on March 26, 2001. Atmosphere came as two stand-alone applications: the Builder, used to build online "worlds", the Player, which allowed users to explore these worlds. In addition to these applications, Adobe provided a browser plugin, to explore these worlds within a web browser, a companion chat server called Adobe Community Server, which ran on an IRC-like protocol known as Yet Another Chat Protocol. During beta-testing, all three components of Atmosphere were available free of charge. Adobe distributed the server software under the "Atmosphere Open Source License", a permissive open source license.
Beta versions of the Builder were notoriously unstable
Atmosphere (music group)
Atmosphere is an American hip hop duo from Minneapolis, consisting of rapper Slug and DJ/producer Ant. Since its formation in 1996, the group has released ten extended plays; the duo is composed of the DJ/producer Ant. With the exception of a few tracks on the album Lucy Ford, Ant has produced every Atmosphere record. A former member and co-founder Spawn left the group after the release of the group's first album Overcast!. Mr. Dibbs, a DJ associated with the group, toured with Atmosphere before their You Can't Imagine How Much Fun We're Having tour, at which point Ant began touring. Sean Daley and Derek Turner met in high school; the two took the names Slug and D-Spawn as rapper names. They performed under the name "Mental Subjects", before changing the name to "A Rhythmic Culture", settling on "Urban Atmosphere". Spawn performed as the rapper, with Slug acting as DJ. Spawn convinced Slug to start rapping as well. Through the rapper Musab, Slug was introduced to the producer Ant after they went to his house to record a track.
Slug saw an opportunity to work with convinced Spawn to record further with him. They soon started recording songs with Ant, learning how to structure songs properly and practicing vocal delivery; the group dropped the "Urban" from their name. Atmosphere, as a group, joined with other rappers Musab, Phull Surkle, Black Hole, The Abstract Pack to form a collective known as Headshots; this group evolved into the record label Rhymesayers. Over time, a series of cassettes was released under the Headshots name which earned some local acclaim. By 1996, Slug and Musab were making national appearances such as on NPR's All Things Considered; the start of Rhymesayers as a record label came when Siddiq, fed up with their treatment at a number of local studios, decided to buy his own. Spawn left the group 3 years after their first album, Overcast!, was released. The release of Overcast! Allowed a wider audience to be introduced to Atmosphere thanks to the airplay that the single "Scapegoat" received on college radio stations.
Meanwhile, Slug improved his live performance skills at Minneapolis clubs such as The Front, First Avenue and 7th Street Entry. In 1998, two albums recorded by underground rap supergroups involved Atmosphere; the Dynospectrum involved Atmosphere as well as Swift and I Self Divine. Deep Puddle Dynamics released by the Oakland, based underground rap label Anticon, included Slug, Sole and Doseone rapping over beats by Jel. In 1998 Slug and Ant began to record the group's 2nd full-length album, "Headshots Se7en." At the time it was only released on cassette, didn't see a full CD re-issue until 2005. However, it is still one of the group's most critically acclaimed albums. Now touring nationally on a more regular basis, Slug was able to leave his job at a record store, as well as a second job working overnight shifts at a department store. In 1999, the Rhymesayers-owned record store, The Fifth Element, was opened in Minneapolis. In 2001, the two EPs, Ford and Lucy, were combined and released as an LP titled Lucy Ford: The Atmosphere EPs.
Intended as a tour-only release, it sold so well that it was released as an official LP, making it the only Atmosphere album with producers other than Ant. In 2001, Atmosphere made three separate tours across North Europe. With Lucy Ford, Atmosphere finally achieved national distribution through the independent distributor Fat Beats. Atmosphere planned to release their second studio album God Loves Ugly on June 11, 2002, but experienced delays in editing; the record had more straightforward battle-centric, lyrics from Slug. It was distributed nationally, again through Fat Beats, sold over 130,000 copies; the album generated two singles: "Modern Man's Hustle" and "GodLovesUgly". Atmosphere toured extensively in support of this record, going as far as Europe and Japan, playing sixty shows in seventy-one days. After the tour, Daley spent his holidays in the Australian outback; the success of the album and subsequent tours came to the attention of the major labels Interscope and Warner Brothers. However, for the time, Atmosphere decided to stay independent.
Atmosphere's third full-length studio album, Seven's Travels, was released on September 23, 2003, through Rhymesayers and the punk label Epitaph. It contained two singles, "Trying To Find A Balance" and "National Disgrace", both of which had music videos that received airplay on MTV2 and other stations, attracting more attention and success for Atmosphere than previous releases; the album included a guest appearance from label mate Brother Ali and was produced by Ant. Several songs on Seven's Travels contain lyrics pertaining to relationship problems and depression; the single, "Trying To Find A Balance", was used on the video game T. H. U. G. 2. The album cover for Seven's Travels was interpreted by some as an homage to The Beatles' White Album. However, not the case. Released in 2005, Atmosphere's fourth album You Can't Imagine How Much Fun We're Having was a departure from the sound of the previous two albums. Though production was once again by Ant, the sound and lyrical content of the album had a more "raw" style than Godlovesugly and Seven's Travels.
Reviews were positive, with Stylust saying "The result may be, in a manner of speaking, the most consistent Atmosphere album to date."
Atmosphere (Joy Division song)
"Atmosphere" is a song by English post-punk band Joy Division. It was released in March 1980 by the Sordide Sentimental label as the "Licht und Blindheit" package, a France-only limited edition single featuring the track "Dead Souls" as the B-side. Following Ian Curtis's death two months it was re-released as a 12" single by Factory Records with "She's Lost Control" as the B-side; the single was re-released in 1988 to coincide with the release of the compilation album Substance, a music video was produced for the song. The song was released on 18 March 1980 by the label Sordide Sentimental as a France-only single under the title "Licht und Blindheit", it was featured the track "Dead Souls" as the B-side. John Peel played "Atmosphere" for the first time on his show on 11 March 1980 and "Dead Souls" the following night. Following the death of lead singer Ian Curtis in May 1980, "Atmosphere" was released as a single along with "She's Lost Control". "Atmosphere" was the B-side for the USA release.
"She's Lost Control" is an alternative version of the one that appears on the band's debut album Unknown Pleasures. The single peaked at number 1 in New Zealand in August 1981, it would re-chart there in July 1984 and when it was reissued in August 1988. "Atmosphere" reached the top of the UK Indie Chart in October 1980, pick the number 2 spot of that same chart in July 1988, hit number 34 in the UK Singles Chart during June 1988. The single was re-released in 1988 to coincide with the release of the compilation album Substance. A music video was released for the song with the single's re-release in 1988, it contains characters wearing black-hooded cloaks and white burial shrouds carrying around large pictures of the band. It was directed by Anton Corbijn. Ned Raggett of AllMusic wrote, "Atmosphere" is another one of those prime Joy Division songs, like "Transmission" or "Love Will Tear Us Apart", where Martin Hannett's production becomes so essential to the end result that it couldn't have been heard otherwise", noting that, in regards to Ian Curtis's mental state and subsequent death, "there's a feeling of a requiem here, an awesome musical farewell."Joy Division's bassist, Peter Hook, has said he regards the song as one of the band's greatest.
NME voted the song number 1 in its list "The 20 Greatest Goth Tracks". The song featured in the film 24 Hour Party People; the song is used at the end of the Ian Curtis biopic Control. It was played at Tony Wilson's funeral; the song was used in the final scene of the 2018 documentary film Chosen Men. The song was used in the second episode of the first season of the British TV series Misfits; the song was used in the fourth episode of the first season of the Netflix series Stranger Things. The song was used in the final scene of the 2016 Australian film Hounds of Love; the song was used in the 2016 American film Gold. The song was used in an episode of Coronation Street when Pat Phelan was on his way from the builders yard to his wife Eileen Grimshaw's house; the song was used in the first episode of the 2019 Danish series Doggystyle. Nine Inch Nails' cover of "Dead Souls" was used in a memorable rooftop chase scene, in the 1994 action film The Crow, starring Brandon Lee. All songs composed by Joy Division.
"Licht und Blindheit""Atmosphere" 1988 re-release 7"12"CD Joy Division discography "Atmosphere" at Discogs "Licht Und Blindheit" at Discogs "Atmosphere" official music video on YouTube Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics Accolades archived at Acclaimed Music
Atmosphere is a luxury residential superstructure in Kolkata, India. Atmosphere consists of two tall towers and a'Deya', the world's first residential floating sky sculpture; the project was inspired by Singapore's Marina Bay Sands integrated resort. Sitting 500 ft in the air, ` Deya' connects the two towers. Deya houses club facilities for the residents of Atmosphere. Conceived as a cloud changing in porosity and form, Deya is not a physical extension of the tower as such, since the majority of the spaces within are open air; the skin is composed of expanded mesh panels wrapped around structural ribs. Special panels carrying shimmering mobile reflective disks are scattered across this mesh; the porosity of these materials enables Deya to appear different in form depending on. The Deya will house the residents' community and recreational facilities, including a swimming pool, spas, running track, sporting facilities, virtual golf, meeting spaces and function facilities. Atmosphere was selected by Nat Geo to feature in their Megastructures documentary series.
List of tallest buildings in Kolkata The Atmosphere official site