Atonement (film)

Atonement is a 2007 romantic war drama film directed by Joe Wright and starring James McAvoy, Keira Knightley, Saoirse Ronan, Romola Garai, Benedict Cumberbatch, Vanessa Redgrave. It is based on Ian McEwan's 2001 novel of the same name; the film chronicles a crime and its consequences over the course of six decades, beginning in the 1930s. It was filmed in England. Distributed in most of the world by Universal Studios, it was released in the United Kingdom and Ireland on 7 September 2007 and in North America on 7 December 2007. Atonement opened both the 2007 Vancouver International Film Festival and the 64th Venice International Film Festival, making Wright, at the age of 35, the youngest director to open the latter event; the film was a commercial success and earned a worldwide gross of $129 million against a budget of $30 million. Critics gave the drama positive reviews, praising its acting performances, its cinematography and Dario Marianelli's score. Atonement won an Oscar for Best Original Score at the 80th Academy Awards, was nominated for six others, including Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Supporting Actress for Ronan.

It garnered fourteen nominations at the 61st British Academy Film Awards, winning both Best Film and Production Design, won the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama. In 1935 England, Briony Tallis is a 13-year-old from a wealthy family with a passion for writing, she is set to perform a play. Looking out of her bedroom window, she spies on her older sister and the housekeeper's son, Robbie Turner, on whom Briony has a crush. Robbie accidentally breaks a vase, yells at Cecilia to stay where she is, so as to avoid cutting her feet on the broken pieces on the ground. Cecilia strips off her outer clothing and climbs into a fountain basin to retrieve a piece. Briony misinterprets the scene as Robbie ordering her to get in the water. Robbie drafts a note to Cecilia to apologise for the incident. In one draft, designed only as a private joke, he confesses his sexual attraction to her and uses the explicit word "cunt", he writes a more formal letter and gives it to Briony to deliver. Only afterwards does.

Briony reads the letter before giving it to Cecilia. She describes it to her fifteen-year-old visiting cousin, who calls Robbie a "sex maniac". Paul Marshall, a visiting friend of Briony's older brother and a chocolate magnate, introduces himself to the visiting cousins and appears to be attracted to Lola. Before dinner, Robbie apologises for the obscene letter, they proceed to make passionate love in the library. Briony thinks that Robbie is raping Cecilia. At dinner, Lola's twin brothers go missing and a search is organised. During it, Briony sees Lola being raped by a man, who flees upon being discovered. Lola and Briony talk, come to the conclusion that it was Robbie who assaulted her. Based on their testimony, the explicit letter he wrote to Cecilia, he is arrested. Four years during the Second World War, Robbie has been released from prison on condition that he joins the army, fights in the Battle of France. Separated from his unit, he makes his way on foot to Dunkirk, he thinks of. Briony, now 18, has chosen to join Cecilia's old nursing unit at St Thomas' Hospital in London rather than go to the University of Cambridge.

She writes to her sister, but Cecilia has not forgiven her for lying in the investigation years before. Robbie, falling gravely ill from an infected wound arrives at the beaches of Dunkirk, where he waits to be evacuated. Briony, who now regrets implicating Robbie, learns from a newsreel that Paul Marshall, who owns a factory supplying rations to the British army, is about to be married to Lola. Briony goes to the ceremony, as the priest asks if anyone objects to the union, she realises that it was Paul who assaulted Lola. Briony goes to visit Cecilia to apologise directly, she is surprised to find her sister with Robbie, in London on leave. Briony apologises for her deceit, but Robbie is enraged that she has still not accepted responsibility for her actions. Cecilia calms him down and they ask Briony to try and correct the record and get Robbie's conviction overturned. Briony agrees, but points out that Lola will not be able to testify against her husband, that her own testimony will be viewed as unreliable.

Decades Briony is an elderly and a successful novelist, giving an interview about her latest book, an autobiographical novel, entitled Atonement. She confesses that the scene in the book describing her visit and apology to Cecilia and Robbie was imaginary. Cecilia and Robbie were never reunited: Robbie died of septicaemia at Dunkirk on the morning of the day he was to be evacuated, Cecilia died months in the Balham tube station bombing during the Blitz. Briony hopes to give the two, in fiction, the happiness; the last scene shows an imagined reunited Cecilia and Robbie staying in the house by the sea which they had intended to visit once they were reunited. James McAvoy as Robbie Turner, the son of the Tallis family housekeeper with a Cambridge education courtesy of his mother's employer. McAvoy, who had refused previous offers to work with Wright, was the director's first choice, he fitted Wright's bid for someone who "had the acting ability to take the audience with him on his personal and physical journey".

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ReRe Hello

ReRe Hello is a Japanese slice of life romance shōjo manga series written and illustrated by Tōko Minami and serialized on Shueisha's Bessatsu Margaret magazine. It is a sequel to the 2013 oneshot Mebuki Kimidori. First volume was released on July 25, 2013 and it concluded in 2016 with 11 volumes; when she was 5 years old Ririko lost her mother and has been since helping her father with his handyman business. When her father is hospitalized she goes on a job for him and her client is none other than Minato Suoh, a rich high school student who lives alone. Although it's a one-time job, Ririko begins to cook and do odd jobs for Minato on a regular basis since he can look after himself and in return Minato sometimes lends a hand with her fathers business. Ririko Hayakawa Ririko is an energetic and hardworking 15-year-old, who on top of going to high school cooks and looks after her little brother, she lost her mother when she was five and being the only girl in her house, has since taken on a mother-like role.

When her father is hospitalized, she decides to do his work for him while he is sick and this is how she meets Minato. She is shown to be kind and considerate towards others such as how she cooks and cleans for Minato though he irritates her with his spoilt personality, she is always busy with jobs and for the first part of the manga, she only meets Minato at the train station until he gives her his spare phone so they can keep in touch. She puts others before herself, for example, although she likes Kuba-san, when she realises he has feelings for Yuzuka she encourages him to tell her how he feels before it's too late. On she gets a shock when she sees Minato at the train station with a girl clinging to him, although we can't tell whether this is jealously or not, she seems upset, she cares a lot for Minato and is becoming good friends with him. On in the future, they begin dating and get married and have a daughter. Minato Suoh Minato is a spoilt 15-year-old high school student who lives alone in a large apartment complex.

In chapter 3.5, we learn that he wanted to live alone when he started high school but before he left he had an argument with his father, leading to him being cut off from the family. All the maids and cleaners he ordered to be sent from his home were cancelled by his father so his apartment is still filled with boxes because it is too'troublesome' for him to unpack them; however he uses them frequently. It is stated he lost his mother a few years before the start of the manga although it is not stated what age he was or how she died, he seems to have been raised in a wealthy lifestyle as he does not know how to cook or look after himself. At one point, it's said, he is very flippant about money as he buys a whole new wardrobe just because he isn't bothered unpacking. It seems as though he cares a lot for Ririko such as giving her a phone because he's worried about her and he is shown to be caring about her family her dad when he's sick, he and Ririko date on and get married. He has a daughter with Ririko.

Rui Hayakawa Rui is Ririko's younger brother. Yuuma Saiki Minato's best friend. Koizumi Tadamori Minato's friend. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Volume 2 reached the 16th place on the weekly Oricon manga chart and, as of December 1, 2013, has sold 54,621 copies. The final and 11th volume debuted at #8 with 76,565 copies sold in its first week. Official website


The Marsileaceae are a small family of heterosporous aquatic and semi-aquatic ferns, though at first sight they do not physically resemble other ferns. The group is known as the "pepperwort family" or as the "water-clover family" because the leaves of the genus Marsilea superficially resemble the leaves of a four-leaf clover. Leaves of this fern have sometimes been used to substitute for clover leaves on Saint Patrick's Day. In all, the family contains 50 to 80 species with most of those belonging to Marsilea. Members of the Marsileaceae are semi-aquatic. Plants grow in dense clumps in mud along the shores of ponds or streams, or they may grow submerged in shallow water with some of the leaves extending to float on the water surface, they grow in seasonally wet habitats, but survive the winter or dry season by losing their leaves and producing hard, desiccation-resistant reproductive structures. There are only three living genera in the family Marsileaceae; the majority of species belong to the genus Marsilea, which grows worldwide in warm-temperate and tropical regions.

Marsilea can be distinguished from the other two genera by the presence of four leaflets on each leaf, although some species produce six leaflets per leaf. A second genus Regnellidium includes a single living species that grows only in southern Brazil and neighboring parts of Argentina; the third genus Pilularia grows in temperate regions of both the northern and southern hemispheres. Its leaves do not subdivide into leaflets but are slender and tapered to a point, so that it is overlooked and mistaken for a grass. There are only about five species known; the closest relatives of the Marsileaceae are the Salviniaceae, which are aquatic and heterosporous. However, both of these other fern families float on the surface of ponds or lakes instead of rooting in soil or mud; the close relationship of these groups to the Marsileaceae is supported by both morphologic and molecular analysis, as well as by the discovery of an intermediate fossil named Hydropteris. In general, the Salviniaceae and Azollaceae have a much better fossil record than the Marsileaceae.

Until Rodeites dakshinii was the oldest fossil member known. In 2000, the discovery of fossilized sporocarps from the Cretaceous of eastern North America was announced; these fossils were assigned to the species Regnellidium upatoiensis, pushed the known history of the Marsileaceae back into the Mesozoic. The oldest fossil known for the Marsileaceae is Regnellites nagashimae from the Upper Jurassic or Lower Cretaceous of Japan; the fossils include leaves with visible veins, as well as sporocarps. The Marsileaceae share many of the basic structural characteristics common to most ferns, but the differences are more noticeable than the similarities. Species of this family have long, slender rhizomes that creep beneath the ground, their fronds grow in distinct clusters at nodes along the rhizome, with wide spacing between leaf clusters. As a result, the plants appear to be more stem unlike other ferns. Roots grow from the same nodes as the leaves, but may grow from other locations along the rhizome.

The roots of Marsilea and Regnellidium are noteworthy for containing vessel elements. Vessels have been found in the rhizome of two species of Marsilea; these vessels have evolved independently of vessels in other groups of plants. The leaves are the most observed characteristic for the Marsileaceae; the number of leaflets can therefore be used for identification. In Pilularia, the leaves are narrowly taper to a point. Leaves of Regnellidium bear two broad leaflets, while leaves of Marsilea bear four leaflets at the tip; the four leaflets on the leaf of Marsilea are not borne equally. Instead, they are borne in pairs with one pair of leaflets attached higher than the other, thus in the developing leaf, the leaflets are folded more like the wings of a butterfly than like the leaflets of a clover. As with other ferns, the leaves develop in a circinate pattern, they begin as tight spirals which unroll as the leaf matures. At full maturity they are held erect with the leaflets unfolded, except in Pilularia whose leaves have no blade.

Temperate species are deciduous. Tropical species may lose their leaves during the dry season; these leaves are photosynthetic, produce most of the food used by the plant. Some aquatic species of Marsilea those growing with their rhizome submerged, may have vegetative leaves that are dimorphic; some of their leaves grow up to the surface of the water, look just like leaves of species growing out of water. These plants produce other leaves with shorter leaf stalks that are not long enough to reach the surface, so the leaflets remain underwater; these leaves have different anatomical and cellular characteristics better suited to their submerged environment. In addition to their vegetative leaflets, all species of Marsileaceae produce fertile leaflets at or near the base of the photosynthetic leaves; this reproductive portion looks and functions differently from the vegetative portion of the leaves. Like other ferns, members of the Marsileaceae produce spores, but not seeds. Unlike other ferns, the spores in this family are produced inside sporocarps.

These are hairy, short-stalked, bean-shaped structures 3 to 8 mm in diameter with a hard