click links in text for more info

Audie Award

An Audie Award is an annual award given by the American Audio Publishers Association for audiobooks and spoken-word entertainment. Since 1996, the nominees have been announced in February, the winners announced at a gala banquet held in May during the BookExpo America fair; the Audies are sometimes promoted as "the Oscars of the audiobook industry" and serve as a way to promote audiobooks. Awards are given in about thirty categories; some of the awards relate to types of writing, including abridged and unabridged fiction and non-fiction, such genres as romance and mystery. Over the years, the structure and the categories of the awards have changed; these changes are apparent in the lists of the Audie award winners in the external links below. The 2016 award ceremony was held May 11 at the Adler Planetarium in Chicago and was hosted by Paula Poundstone; the award categories, effective 2019, are: Audiobook of the Year Original Work Audio Drama Best Female Narrator Best Male Narrator Multi-Voiced Performance Narration by the Author or Authors Fiction: Fiction Literary Fiction & Classics Mystery Thriller / Suspense Science Fiction Fantasy Romance Non-Fiction: Non-Fiction History / Biography Autobiography / Memoir Business / Personal DevelopmentFaith-Based Fiction or Non-Fiction Humor Short Stories / CollectionsYouth: Young Listeners Middle Grade Young Adult Excellence in Design Excellence in Marketing Excellence in Production Hall of Fame Judge's Award Spanish Language Special Achievement Achievement in Abridgement Audio, Licensed or Distributed Audio Adaptation Biography / Memoir Business / Educational Business Information Classics Education and Training Erotica Fiction, Abridged History Inspiration & Faith-Based Fiction Inspiration & Faith-Based Non-Fiction Literary Fiction Multi-Voiced Narration New Publisher Non-Fiction, Abridged Paranormal Personal Development Poetry Here is a table of award winners.

The Audies official website Past Winners - APA lists Audie Award winners from 1996 to the present

Christian polemics and apologetics in the Middle Ages

Christian polemics and apologetics in Europe during the Middle Ages were directed inwards, either against "heretics," such as the Cathars, or between Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox. A subset of polemic and apologetic activity continued against Judaism and Islam, both in Christian Europe and more circumspectly in the pre-Ottoman and Ottoman lands. Given the absolute control of the state, the lack of ethnic separation military and police actions were used against Christian heretics, rather than polemics and apologetics. For example, the Cathars did not survive Albigensian Crusade and massacre at Montségur to leave traces of Cathar apologetics; the Crusades formed the background to medieval Christian criticism of Islam and medieval Islamic criticism of Christianity, resulting in conflicting responses from Christian authors of chivalrous epics and hostile theological polemics. Peter the Venerable's commission of a Latin translation of the Qur'an, was followed by polemical writings from Pedro Pascual, Riccoldo da Monte di Croce Contra legem Sarracenorum "Against the Quran of the Saracens", Ramon Llull.

Virulent antisemitism in medieval Europe obviated the need for any debate or discussion in most periods and most countries. However, during the 12th Century converted Jews such as Petrus Alfonsi and Pablo Christiani, well versed in Jewish religion, initiated the Contra Iudaeos literature either from missionary or polemic reasons; this was both an impetus to and response to Jewish apologetics answering Christians, more robust polemical writings among the community as a guard against conversion

Birthday (short story collection)

Birthday is a story collection by Japanese writer Koji Suzuki and first published on February 5, 1999 in Japan. It is the fourth installment of Suzuki's Ring series; the book consists of three short stories occurring each in a different timeframe, are all related to the Ring universe: In November 1990 during the events of Spiral, Mai Takano finds herself waking up at the bottom of an exhaust shaft of a building near Tokyo Bay. The only way out of the shaft is by climbing a cloth tied to a beam nearby, but her ankle is broken and the shaft is too small for an adult to reasonably move about. To her surprise, Mai finds out that she is pregnant, despite never having a sexual encounter before, she experiences bouts of leaving and entering unconsciousness and tries to recall her life and the events that made her there. As a former aide of Ryuji Takayama, who died of the ring virus, she was ordered by his publisher to search for some missing work papers in his childhood home. Rather than finding them, Mai was entranced by Ryuji's copy of the cursed video and decided to take it home and watch it.

Upon watching, she underwent morning sickness. Mai realizes, she secretly went to the shaft and tied cloth to its surroundings, intending to climb down, but she slipped and fell, breaking her ankle. Mai's pregnancy is soon due and she gives birth to a baby whom she realizes is Sadako Yamamura, reborn; the baby Sadako cuts her umbilical cord from the placenta, wipes herself with the towel, leaves the shaft with the cord using the cloth, but not before flashing a grin at Mai and throwing the cloth, back to the shaft, leaving Mai to die. Hiroshi Toyama calls journalist Kenzo Yoshino to tell him more about Sadako Yamamura. Yoshino has just attended Kazuyuki Asakawa's funeral and receives news of Mai Takano's death in an exhaust shaft. Toyama is nearing his fifties, a twice-married man with children and a stable job, but he longs to meet Sadako, the only woman he loves, he recounts to Yoshino events that transpired 21 years earlier, when Toyama was a young sound director trainee of the Hishio acting troupe.

Toyama had a secret affair with Sadako, who begged him not to reveal it to outsiders as she still wanted to achieve success as a stage actress without controversy. Sadako pointed out the existence of an altar with a wrinkled umbilical cord behind Toyama's work room, which unsettled him. Toyama was further unsettled when Sadako groped director Yusaku Shigemori, which she stated was just a way to keep him away from her, she apologized by having sex with Toyama in his work room. Toyama felt. Upon the end of his story, Yoshino reluctantly tells Toyama that Sadako is dead. Yoshino relays the truth of what happened at the end of the Hishio play that he heard from another surviving ex-member. During the closing party, Toyama was out of the Hishio complex to drink. Another trainee named Okubo, who had a crush on Sadako, was rummaging through the sound room when he found a tape recording Sadako and Toyama's intercourse. Jealous, he broadcast it to the green room; the next day, Shigemori mysteriously died after visiting Sadako's apartment.

The day was. Yoshino says that all of the people who heard the recording, including Okubo, died in the previous year one after another. Toyama becomes paranoid of his mortality, as while he did not hear the recording, he was present in it, he knew that Sadako used her thoughtography to record the sex tape. A week after the meeting with Yoshino, Toyama collapses at a street, he sees a woman in green dress following him while carrying an umbilical cord. Upon closer look, Toyama realizes that the woman is Sadako reborn, the cord is the one she cut from Mai's womb. Instead of becoming frightened, Toyama dies in Sadako's arms. Following the events of Loop, Reiko Sugiura is called to meet with Toru Amano, a scientist of the LOOP project, she is shown events in the project: the deaths of Mai Takano and Hiroshi Toyama, both connected by Sadako Yamamura. Amano reveals to Reiko about the LOOP project, a simulated but alive universe mirroring the real world, how it was frozen 20 years ago just when the project was consumed by Sadako and her ring virus/Metastatic Human Cancer Virus, how Kaoru Futami, a reincarnation of Ryuji Takayama and Reiko's lover, had found a cure to neutralize the virus.

Amano says. However, he made a promise to Prof. Eliot to allow him meet with Reiko face-to-face. Reiko dons virtual reality goggles and gloves and is thrust into the LOOP, where she meets Kaoru attempting to assure her that everything is alright. Months go by and Reiko is awaiting for the due of her son by Kaoru. Having lost her husband, her son and Kaoru, loneliness overwhelms her, although she is keeping in touch with Kaoru's father, cured of the MHC, she periodically checks the LOOP to see Kaoru, whom she learns has aged from a 20-year-old to a 37-year-old, to an old man in his sixties. Reiko is told that other than the neutralizer, Kaoru found a virus that manages to make the Sadako clones of LOOP age and die. Reiko has to see Kaoru die at a street while dreaming of Reiko; when her time is due, Reiko gives birth to a healthy

Martinican Communist Party

The Martinican Communist Party is a political party in the French département d'outre-mer of Martinique. Georges Erichot is the general secretary of the party; the party was founded in September 1957 at the first conference of the Martinique federation of the French Communist Party. Amongst its founders was the communist MP Léopold Bissol. In the early 1960s PCM became the largest party in Martinique. In 1971 the party governed 4 municipalities; the strength of PCM was based on upon its mass organizations. PCM conducted extensive work amongst the peasant population. At the time the policy of PCM stressed the specific conditions of the historical development of Martinique, the immediate need of a broad front to fight for autonomy for establishing'democratic power, under control the masses, while maintaining economic and cultural ties with France'. In 1971 the general secretary of the party was Armand Nicolas. PCM participated in the 1960 and 1969 International Meetings of Communist and Workers Parties held in Moscow.

The party was represented by the politburo member Walter Guitteaud in the latter event. The Central Committee of PCM approved. In 1992, Emile Capgras, a Central Committee member of PCM since 1968, was elected President of the Regional Council of Martinique. In the 1994 European Parliament election, the PCM general secretary Georges Erichot was the nr. 12 candidate on the French Communist Party list. In the 1998 Martinique regional assembly election PCM got 7.4 % of four assembly seats. Organizationally, PCM was built along the principles of democratic centralism, with the party congress as the highest organ of decision-making; the party congress elects a Central General Secretary. Plenum of the Central Committee elects a Politburo and the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the PCM, which directs the activities of the party in between party congresses; the party publishes a theoretical organ, Action. René Ménil was a leading member of the party. Justice

Samuel Masury

Samuel Masury was a photographer in 19th-century Boston, Massachusetts. He trained with photographer John Plumbe around 1842. In 1853-1855 he partnered with G. M. Silsbee as "Masury & Silsbee", daguerreotypists, on Washington Street. Masury "traveled to Paris in 1855 to learn the glass negative process from the Bisson brothers, whose landscapes and architectural views were internationally celebrated." By 1858 he ran his own studio on Washington Street. He presented work in the 1860 exhibition of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association. WorldCat. Masury, Samuel Ron Polito. "Boston Photographers Cited in 19th Century American Photographic Journals: A Bibliographic Database" – via Photographic Historical Society of New England

Richard Buller

Sir Richard Buller was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1621 and 1642. He was a Parliamentarian officer during the English Civil War. Buller was born at Shillingham Cornwall, the son of Francis Buller and his wife Thomasina Williams, daughter of Thomas Williams of Stowford, an Elizabethan-era Speaker of the House of Commons, he was knighted in 1608. Buller was elected Member of Parliament for St Germans in 1621, he was subsequently MP for Saltash from 1625 to 1629 when King Charles I decided to rule without parliament. He was High Sheriff of Cornwall in 1637. In April 1640, Buller was elected MP for Cornwall in the Short Parliament. In November 1640, he was elected MP for Fowey in the Long Parliament. Buller was involved in military operations in Cornwall in 1642, was forced to retreat from Launceston, he died in November that year at the age of 64. Buller married the daughter of Sir Rowland Hayward, Lord Mayor of London, they had six daughters. Three of their sons, Francis and Anthony, served in Parliament