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An augmentative is a morphological form of a word which expresses greater intensity in size but in other attributes. It is the opposite of a diminutive. Since overaugmenting something makes it grotesque, in some languages augmentatives are used for comical effect or as pejoratives. Many languages have augmentatives for nouns. In modern English, augmentatives can be created with the prefixes: over-: e.g. overlord and overseer. Grand -: e.g. grandparent. Super-: e.g. supermarket and superpower. Mega-: e.g. megastore and megastar. Arch-: e.g. archrival and archangel. Since the early 1990s, the prefix über- or uber- has frequently been used as a borrowing from German; the suffix -zilla, expressing a monstrous quality, can be considered an augmentative form. In some parts of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland, the prefix "auld" is used as an augmentative, a pejorative in some cases. An example of this is using "auld'un" or "auld one" to describe one's parents/grandparents. In modern Dutch, augmentatives are created with the prefixes: over-: e.g. overgewicht and oververhitting groot-: e.g. grootmeester and groothandel super-: e.g. supermarkt and supermacht.

Mega-: e.g. megacontract and megabioscoop There are prefixes that can be used for some adjectives: bloed-: e.g. bloedmooi and bloedeigen steen-: e.g. steenrijk and steengoed kei-: e.g. keihard and keileuk In German, there are different ways to build augmentatives. They are used prefixes: un-, for instance in Unzahl "huge number", Unsumme "huge sum", Unmenge "huge quantity". Used for negation, in a pejorative sense. Ur-, for instance, uralt "ancient" über-, for instance, Übermensch aber-, for instance, abertausend "thousands". Mega-, for example megageil "mega-cool" ultra-, for example ultracool voll-, for example Vollpfosten "idiot", lit. "total post" In Swedish the way to build augmentative is to add one of many prefixes before the word. This can be done on words in most word classes; the most common prefixes are: jätte- "giant", bauta-, mega-. For example: hus "house" → megahus "gigantic house" snabb "fast" → jättesnabb "very fast" sten "rock" → bautasten "boulder"There are many synonyms to jätte-, although only when jätte- means "very", not big.

Some of these synonyms are: as-, gör-, svin-, skit-, ur- although, as written above, these do not change the size of a noun but just change e.g. gul "yellow" to jättegul "very yellow". The use of prefixes to build augmentatives is quite colloquial and is used in formal text and speech, where adjectives and adverbs are used instead. Modern Greek has a variety of augmentative suffixes: -α, -άρα, -αράς, ΄-αρος, -άκλα, -ακλάς, ΄-ακλας. Italian has several augmentatives: -one, -ona, found in several English loanwords from Italian via French: minestrone. In Portuguese, the most common augmentatives are the masculine -ão and the feminine -ona, although there are others, less used. E.g. carro "car", carrão "big car". Sometimes in Brazilian Portuguese, the masculine augmentative can be applied to a feminine noun, which becomes grammatically masculine, but with a feminine meaning. In Romanian there are several augmentative suffixes: -oi/-oaie, -an/-ană etc.. They originate from Latin -ō, the origin of the other Romance augmentative suffixes.

The archaic form has survived unchanged in Banat as -on', -oan'e. As in other Romance languages, a feminine base word may have masculine or feminine forms in the augmentative. Examples: casă → căsoi, căsoaie piatră → pietroi băiat → băieţoi băiat → băietan fată → fetișcană In Spanish, -o becomes -ón and -a becomes -ona most but -ote/-ota and -azo/-aza are commonly seen. Others include -udo/-uda, -aco/-aca, -acho/-acha, -uco/-uca, -ucho/-ucha, -astro/-astra and -ejo/-eja. More detail at Spanish nouns. In Bulgarian, as in Russian with -ище. In Polish there is a variety of augmentatives formed with suffixes, for example: żaba → żabucha / żabsko / żabisko / żabula. In Russian there is a variety of augmentatives formed with prefixes and suffixes, including -ище and -ин for example: дом (the hous

Satake Yoshiatsu

Satake Yoshiatsu was a Japanese feudal lord of Akita and founder of the Akita ranga school of Western-style painting. He is more known by his pen name, Satake Shozan He was born in Edo. Along with his retainer Odano Naotake, he produced a number of paintings in the Dutch style and wrote three treatises on European painting techniques, including the depiction of perspective, he was a student of rangaku scholar Hiraga Gennai, who he had invited up to Akita to advise him on management of the domain's copper mines. "Akita ranga" at JAANUS. Accessed 16 May 2007. Frederic, Louis. "Satake Shozan." Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press

Portraits of Past

Portraits of Past was an American post-hardcore band from the San Francisco Bay Area that existed from 1994–1995. The genre of music that they helped create is described as "screamo," though that term was not used at the time the band was active; as Kent McClard recounts on the Ebullition website, the band's popularity grew only a couple of years after their demise at the end of 1995. Former members of the band formed other projects such as Nexus Six, Seventeen Queen, The Audience, Funeral Diner, Vue and Who Calls So Loud. Portraits of Past played a number of reunion shows in the second half of 2008. A new song was played at two New York shows. Of the new song, lead vocalist Rob Pettersen has said, "We are not sure if other songs will be written or how/if we will release it/them. Nothing is ruled out, however… "New material did surface on an EP, Cypress Dust Witch, released by Excursions Into The Abyss on October 20, 2009. Studio albums01010101 EPsDemo Tape Portraits of Past/Bleed split 7" Cypress Dust Witch CD/12" Compilation albumsPortraits of Past discography CD Compilation appearancesXXX: Some Ideas Are Poisonous – "Sticks Together" Stealing The Pocket – "The Song With The Slow Part" Portraits of past official MySpace page Portraits of Past official site Ebullition Records IMPOSE magazine article Excursions Into The Abyss label

Buddleja Lo & Behold 'Blue Chip'

Buddleja'Blue Chip' is the world's first dwarf buddleja, raised by Dr Dennis Werner and Layne Snelling at the J C Raulston Arboretum, NCSU. The cultivar is the result of the complex hybrid B. weyeriana'Honeycomb' ×.'Blue Chip' was released to commerce in 2007 and patented in 2009. In the 2008 Buddleja cultivar Euro-trial held by the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley, the shrub was voted by the public as the second most attractive cultivar of the 97 on display.'Blue Chip' grows moderately to a height of 1.0 m, forming a dense, rounded structure including numerous lateral branches. The inflorescences are small terminal panicles 8 cm in length comprising < 200 flowers, violet-blue with an orange corolla throat. The mature leaves are elliptic, < 9.6 cm long by 3.6 cm wide, green grey-green below. The shrub is female fertility is low, reducing random seeding to a minimum; the cultivar is claimed'to attract butterflies in abundance' in North America.'Blue Chip' is widely cultivated in North America and Europe.

Hardiness: USDA zones 5 - 7

Hartmut Stegemann

Hartmut Stegemann was a German theologian with an interest in the New Testament and who specialized in Dead Sea Scrolls research. He was responsible for developing standard methods for reconstructing scrolls. Stegemann began working of the scrolls in 1957 at the Qumran Research Center in Heidelberg. In 1963 he was awarded a Ph. D. Semitic studies and Religious Studies from the University of Heidelberg; this was the year that he finished his reconstruction of the Thanksgiving Hymns scroll. Stegemann obtained his doctorate in Theology from Bonn in 1971. From 1971 to 1979 he held the post of professor at Philipps-Universität in Marburg, after which he took over from Hans Conzelmann at the Georg-August University in Göttingen, where he taught until the end of the summer 2005, when he retired. On his 65th birthday he was presented with a festschrift: Antikes Judentum und Frühes Christentum; when Stegemann died he was working on a new publication of the Thanksgiving Hymns, based on his 1963 reconstruction with a new commentary and notes.

Eileen Schuller finished the work which became Discoveries in the Judaean Desert Vol. 40. These include: The Library of Qumran: On the Essenes, John the Baptist, Jesus ISBN 0-8028-6167-9 Qumran Cave 1. III: 1QHodayota: With Incorporation of 4QHodayota-f and 1QHodayotb, Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, vol. XL, editor with Eileen Schuller and Carol Newsom ISBN 0-19-955005-0 "How to Connect Dead Sea Scroll Fragments" in Understanding the Dead Sea Scrolls, Hershel, editor 245–255. Independent publications: Rekonstruktion der Hodajot. Ursprüngliche Gestalt und kritisch bearbeiteter Text der Hymnenrolle aus Höhle I von Qumran, Diss. phil. Heidelberg 1963. Die Entstehung der Qumrangemeinde, Diss. theol. Bonn 1965 Kyrios o Theos und Kyrios Jesus. Aufkommen und Ausbreitung des religiösen Gebrauchs von Kyrios und seine Verwendung im NT, Habilitationsschrift Bonn 1969 Die Essener, Johannes der Täufer und Jesus. Ein Sachbuch, Freiburg 9. Auflage 1999. Essays: Der lehrende Jesus. Der sog. biblische Christus und die geschichtliche Botschaft Jesu von der Gottesherrschaft, in: NZSTh 24, S. 3–20.

How to connect the Dead Sea Scrolls, in: H. Shanks: Understanding the Dead Sea Scrolls, New York 1992, S. 245–255. Festschrift: Kollmann, B. Reinbold, W. & Steudel, A. Antikes Judentum und Fruhes Christentum. Festschrift fur Harmut Stegemann zum 65. Geburtstag. Obituary by Eileen Schuller

Adam Small

Adam Small is an American composer and bassist. He attended Manhattan School of Music in New York City. Small has composed music for various television and film projects, backed many artists as a bassist and is the creator of My Music Masterclass, Inc; as a bassist, Small has performed with various artists and groups including Bernie Worrell, The Pointer Sisters, Larry Goldings, Jimmy Smith, Bernard Purdie, Jim Rotondi, David Hazeltine and Eddie Henderson. Another Earth Fat and Nearly Dead Keeping Up with the Kardashians America's Psychic Challenge Dr. Steve-O The Pick-Up Artist Real World/Road Rules Challenge: The Inferno III Unique Whips Reunited: The Real World Las Vegas The Janice Dickinson Modeling Agency Two-A-Days, Stars on Stars The Real World: Denver The Bad Girls Club Real World/Road Rules Challenge: Fresh Meat Kathy Griffin: My Life on the D-List Fat Camp: An MTV Docs Movie Presentation The Real World: Key West Survival of the Richest Road Rules Hogan Knows Best 8th & Ocean Made Dr. 90210 Beach Patrol True Life Real World/Road Rules Challenge: The Gauntlet II The Amazing Race The Real World: Austin Music Industry Lawyer – Blog Talk Radio