Krumme Lanke (Berlin U-Bahn)
Krumme Lanke is a Berlin U-Bahn station on the U 3. It is the line's southwestern terminus, located in the Zehlendorf district of Berlin; the station, named after a nearby lake in the Grunewald forest, opened on 22 December 1929. Alfred Grenander designed the entrance hall, demolished in 1986 because of its poor condition, but rebuilt in its original form and reopened in 1989. On 24 May 1944, this station was directly hit by air raids five times. Grenander's design of Krumme Lanke station was one of the influences that inspired Charles Holden in his buildings for a number of stations, notably Chiswick Park station, on the 1930-3 extension of the London Underground Piccadilly line; the platform is below street level, though not underground. Plans to extend the U3 toward the Berlin Mexikoplatz railway station, just 1 km away, have never been carried out
Wittenbergplatz (Berlin U-Bahn)
Wittenbergplatz is a Berlin U-Bahn station on the U 1, the U 2, U 3 lines. The station is located on Wittenbergplatz square in Berlin's City West area, in the northwestern corner of Schöneberg neighbourhood, it is the only U-Bahn station in the city with five adjacent tracks on three platforms. The station building, erected in 1911–1913 according to plans designed by Alfred Grenander, is listed as an architectural monument. Wittenbergplatz is one of the oldest U-Bahn stations in Berlin, opened on 11 March 1902 with the first Stammstrecke line running under the eponymous square and adjacent Tauentzienstraße, today one of the major shopping streets in Berlin. A common underground station with two tracks on two side platforms, it was refurbished as an interchange from 1910 onwards; the new station serving three U-Bahn lines opened on 1 December 1912 with two island platforms and one side platform, serving five tracks at one below ground level and under a single roof. The remarkable entrance hall in the centre of Wittenbergplatz square, designed in an Art Nouveau style by Alfred Grenander, was finished in 1913.
The station building was badly damaged during the bombing of Berlin in World War II and reconstructed afterwards. Wittenbergplatz became one of the most frequented stations of the West Berlin urban traffic network, though after the building of the Berlin Wall the present-day U2 line to Nollendorfplatz was closed in 1972 and not re-opened until 1993. From 1980 to 1983 the station was renovated in line with the precepts of monument perception by architect Borchardt, he won the prize of the Ministry of Architecture in 1986. Platform No. 1 features a sign donated by the London Transport Executive in 1952 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Berlin U-Bahn. It features the station's name in the distinctive red-and-blue roundel used on the London Underground
Stadtmitte (Berlin U-Bahn)
Stadtmitte is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U 2 and the U 6 in the Mitte district. The U2 platform opened on 1 October 1908 with the new U-Bahn section from Potsdamer Platz to Spittelmarkt; the station beneath the crossing of Friedrichstraße and Mohrenstraße was designed by Alfred Grenander and called Friedrichstraße. The second platform of the present-day U6 line was finished on 30 January 1923, but was built about 160 m southwards at the corner of Friedrichstraße and Leipziger Straße, the main east-west thoroughfare of the Friedrichstadt quarter; the platforms are connected by a pedestrian underpass colloquially called the Mäusetunnel. The station received its current name in 1936; this station was damaged in World War II. On 7 May 1944, massive fire damage in the entire station area. On 3 February 1945, there was a heavy destruction in the entire station area involving gunshots, badly damaged by a fire. Several pillars were torn from their anchorage. A wall was pushed in by pure air pressure.
The ceiling was destroyed on the Battle of Berlin. The U6 station was closed from 13 August 1961 due to the construction of the Berlin Wall; this station is again, once the border station, it is well connected to the U2 station respectively. The only difference to Schwartzkopffstraße, consists only in the presence of the compound where the tracks have become store rooms; the rolls of barbed wire were installed so as to prevent escapees from crawling, the entrances and transfer linkways were all locked with a baby-lock gate. Armed guards were patrolled at the southern side of the entrance. All were eliminated by 29 June 1990 and reopened on 1 July 1990
Klosterstraße (Berlin U-Bahn)
Klosterstraße is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U 2 in the central Mitte district. The eponymous street is named after the Graues Kloster, a medieval Franciscan abbey, which housed the Berlinisches Gymnasium zum Grauen Kloster; the station opened on 1 July 1913 in the course of the eastern continuation of Berlin's second U-Bahn line from Spittelmarkt to Alexanderplatz. Architect Alfred Grenander planned a station featuring three tracks serving a branch-off toward eastbound Große Frankfurter Straße, never built and in 1930 was replaced by the U5 line. Today the broad platform between the two tracks with its asymmetric row of pillars is evidence of the original intention; the well-preserved station received protected landmark status as early as 1975. It was extensively restored in its original style prior to Berlin's 750-year jubilee in 1987, including the installation of a historic A-I type car of the U4 line at the northern end of the platform. Media related to U-Bahnhof Klosterstraße at Wikimedia Commons
Spichernstraße (Berlin U-Bahn)
Spichernstraße is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U 3 and the U 9 lines, located in Wilmersdorf neighbourhood. The U3 portion opened on 2 June 1959, replacing the nearby Nürnberger Platz station, closed and dismantled; the U9 portion, which lies deeper underground, opened on 28 August 1961 as the southern terminus of the new line called G. The eponymous street is named after Spicheren in Lorraine, site of the 1870 Battle of Spicheren; the U3 platform of the station is under Spichernstraße. Both have exits at each end of the platform; the station is equipped with escalators but not with lifts and is therefore not accessible to the disabled. The U9 portion of the station, designed by Bruno Grimmek, is standard for this line. Like all stations on the line, it has a centre platform 8.85 m wide. Exits at the two ends of the platform lead to Joachimsthaler Straße in the north, at the south end a mezzanine and passageways connect to the U3; when the station opened, the walls were pale blue and the hexagonal columns on the platform dark blue.
Grey tiles with pink and white patterns and dark blue columns were used in the mezzanine areas. Although the station was a terminus until 1971, it did not have a turning area. Trains terminated at the platform, changed tracks before entering it; the platform space was renovated in 1986/87: both walls and columns were clad in white tiles, with a pattern of coloured tiles on the walls. The design by Gabriele Stierl is intended to represent the visualisation of a piece of music for an ensemble of 12 instruments, in homage to the nearby Berlin State School of Music and the Performing Arts; the "butterfly ceiling", typical of the stations on this line was replaced with panels, with a relief line in yellow running down the centre as a sharp colour contrast. As there had not been a station on the A II/B II line at the interchange point, the Nürnberger Platz station, located only one or two hundred metres to the north, was replaced with the new Spichernstraße station, while the new Augsburger Straße station was opened in the northeast.
To facilitate transfers to the new G line, the U3 section of Spichernstraße station was built with side platforms rather than a centre platform as at the old station. Construction was simple since there was a turning area for the Nürnberger Platz station at the location; the station has exits at both ends. A passenger tunnel under the tracks connects the two platforms; this part of the station still has pale blue tiled walls. Map of station and surroundings, Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe
The Berlin U-Bahn is a rapid transit railway in Berlin, the capital city of Germany, a major part of the city's public transport system. Together with the S-Bahn, a network of suburban train lines, a tram network that operates in the eastern parts of the city, it serves as the main means of transport in the capital. Opened in 1902, the U-Bahn serves 173 stations spread across ten lines, with a total track length of 151.7 kilometres, about 80% of, underground. Trains run every two to five minutes during peak hours, every five minutes for the rest of the day and every ten minutes in the evening. Over the course of a year, U-Bahn trains travel 132 million km, carry over 400 million passengers. In 2017, 553.1 million passengers rode the U-Bahn. The entire system is maintained and operated by the Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe known as the BVG. Designed to alleviate traffic flowing into and out of central Berlin, the U-Bahn was expanded until the city was divided into East and West Berlin at the end of World War II.
Although the system remained open to residents of both sides at first, the construction of the Berlin Wall and the subsequent restrictions imposed by the Government of East Germany limited travel across the border. The East Berlin U-Bahn lines from West Berlin were severed, except for two West Berlin lines that ran through East Berlin; these were allowed to pass through East Berlin without stopping at any of the stations, which were closed. Friedrichstraße was the exception because it was used as a transfer point between U6 and the West Berlin S-Bahn system, a border crossing into East Berlin; the system was reopened following the fall of the Berlin Wall, German reunification. The Berlin U-Bahn is the most extensive underground network in Germany. In 2006, travel on the U-Bahn was equivalent to 122.2 million km of car journeys. The Berlin U-Bahn was built in three major phases: Up to 1913: the construction of the Kleinprofil network in Berlin, Schöneberg, Wilmersdorf. At the end of the 19th century, city planners in Berlin were looking for solutions to the increasing traffic problems facing the city.
As potential solutions and inventor Ernst Werner von Siemens suggested the construction of elevated railways, while AEG proposed an underground system. Berlin city administrators feared that an underground would damage the sewers, favouring an elevated railway following the path of the former city walls. Years of negotiations followed until, on 10 September 1896, work began on a elevated railway to run between Stralauer Tor and Zoologischer Garten, with a short spur to Potsdamer Platz. Known as the "Stammstrecke", the route was inaugurated on 15 February 1902, was popular. Before the year ended, the railway had been extended: by 17 August, east to Warschauer Brücke. In a bid to secure its own improvement, Schöneberg wanted a connection to Berlin; the elevated railway company did not believe such a line would be profitable, so the city built the first locally financed underground in Germany. It was opened on 1 December 1910. Just a few months earlier, work began on a fourth line to link Wilmersdorf in the south-west to the growing Berlin U-Bahn.
The early network ran east to west, connecting the richer areas in and around Berlin, as these routes had been deemed the most profitable. In order to open up the network to more of the workers of Berlin, the city wanted north-south lines to be established. In 1920, the surrounding areas were annexed to form Groß-Berlin, removing the need for many negotiations, giving the city much greater bargaining power over the private Hochbahngesellschaft; the city mandated that new lines would use wider carriages—running on the same, standard-gauge track—to provide greater passenger capacity. Construction of the Nord-Süd-Bahn connecting Wedding in the north to Tempelhof and Neukölln in the south had started in December 1912, but halted for the First World War. Work resumed in 1919, although the money shortage caused by hyperinflation slowed progress considerably. On 30 January 1923, the first section opened between Hallesches Tor and Stettiner Bahnhof, with a continuation to Seestraße following two months later.
Underfunded, the new line had to use trains from the old Kleinprofil network. The line branched at Belle-Alliance-Straße, now. In 1912, plans were approved for AEG to build its own north-south underground line, named the GN-Bahn after its termini and Neukölln, via Alexanderplatz. Financial difficulties stopped the construction in 1919; the first section opened on 17 July 1927 between Boddinstraße and Schönleinstraße, with the intermediate Hermannplatz becoming the first
Schlesisches Tor (Berlin U-Bahn)
Schlesisches Tor is a Berlin U-Bahn station on the U 1 and U 3 lines. It is located in eastern Kreuzberg, near Oberbaumbrücke, in the Bohemian quarter known as SO36; the station is named after one of the former city gates of Berlin built in the early 18th century. The exceptionally richly designed station opened on 18 February 1902, on the first Berlin U-Bahn line erected by the Siemens & Halske company. On 11/12 March 1945, this station was directly hit, the track area was damaged. During the division of Berlin after 13 August 1961, the station was the eastern terminus of the U1, as the final station, Warschauer Straße, was in East Berlin; the link was reopened in 1995. An intermediate station at the Spree river, Stralauer Tor, had been destroyed in 1945 and never reopened. Schlesisches Tor was an atmospheric location in the 1966 espionage film The Quiller Memorandum starring George Segal and Alec Guinness