August Jerndorff

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August Jerndorff
August Jerndorff (Riise pgoto=.jpg
August Jerndorff
photographed by Frederik Riise
Born(1846-01-25)25 January 1846
Died28 July 1906(1906-07-28) (aged 60)
EducationRoyal Danish Academy of Fine Arts
Known forPainting

August Andreas Jerndorff (25 January 1846 – 28 July 1906) was a German born, Danish painter who is best known for his portraits. [1]


August Jarndorff was born at Oldenburg in Lower Saxony, Germany. His parents were Just Ulrik Jerndorff (1806-1847), painter to the Oldenburg Court, and Nancy Caroline née Jones (1809-1877) .[2] [3]

He trained first under Christian Hetsch (1830–1903), artistic director at the Royal Porcelain Factory. He attended the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts from 1863 to 1868 and studied privately with P. C. Skovgaard (1817–1875). He made his debut as a painter in 1866.In 1869, he received the Neuhausens Prize. In 1875, he received the Royal Academy's travel scholarship and traveled to Italy where he lived from 1875 to 1878. He became acquainted with but remained relatively unaffected by the latest Realist tendencies in European painting. [4]

In 1880, alongside Laurits Tuxen (1853–1927) and Frans Schwartz (1850–1917), he was a co-founder of a painting academy at Søkvæsthuset on Christianshavn in Copenhagen which served as a precursor of Kunstnernes Frie Studieskoler which were founded two years later. [5] [6]

He received the Thorvaldsen Medal in 1884 and became a professor at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in 1891.[7]


Jerndorff started his career as a landscape painter under the influence of Skovgaard, but soon turned to portrait painting and Biblical subjects. He is best known for a number of monumental portraits which were painted for the Danish museum of National History at Frederiksborg Castle. His religious paintings include 12 Apostles for Jesus Church in Copenhagen,[7] an altar piece for the church in Nykøbing Mors, and landscapes.

Decorative arts[edit]

Together with Thorvald Bindesbøll, Otto Haslund and Joakim Skovgaard, Jerndorff also worked with ceramics in the mid-1880s, a collaboration which led to the foundation of the Dekorationsforeningen society in 1887. With the same collaborators he illustrated Holger Drachmann's Troldhøj.[5]

Personal life[edit]

In 1875, he married Betty Marie Matthison-Hansen (1856-1940). His son Peter Jerndorff (1842–1926) was a stage actor and opera singer. [8]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Mette Bligaard. "August Jerndorff". Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbach Kunstnerleksikon. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  2. ^ Ludwig Starklof: Just Ulrick Jerndorff, ein Karakterbild, 1847.
  3. ^ Jens Peter Munk. "Just Jerndorff". Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbach Kunstnerleksikon. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  4. ^ Nina Dahlmann Olsen. "P. C. Skovgaard". Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbach Kunstnerleksikon. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Jerndorff, August Andreas". MIK. Archived from the original on 2006-08-24. Retrieved 2010-11-17.
  6. ^ Jens Peter Munk. "Frans Schwartz". Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbach Kunstnerleksikon. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "August Jerndorff". AOK. Retrieved 2010-11-14.
  8. ^ "Nordisk familjebok". Jerndorff, Peter William. Retrieved March 1, 2019.