Douala is the largest city in Cameroon and its economic capital. It is the capital of Cameroon's Littoral Region. Home to Central Africa's largest port and its major international airport, Douala International Airport, it is the commercial and economic capital of Cameroon and the entire CEMAC region comprising Gabon, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Central African Republic and Cameroon, it handles most of the country's major exports, such as oil and coffee, timber and fruits. As from 2018, the city and its surrounding area had an estimated population of 2,768,400; the city sits on the estuary of Wouri River and its climate is tropical. Settlements had existed in present-day Douala prior to the arrival of the Portuguese and Germans. During World War I a bitter battle was fought for control of Douala; the city surrendered to British and French forces on September 27, 1914. A joint Anglo-French condominium governed the city until a comprehensive agreement ceded it to the French. After the independence of Cameroon in 1960, Douala grew rapidly.
Local industries and other opportunities have attracted an unprecedented influx of migrants from the western region of Cameroon. People from other countries in the region have permanently settled in the city. In recent times city authorities have been overwhelmed by increasing population; the first Europeans to visit the area were the Portuguese in about 1472. At the time, the estuary of Wouri River was known as the Rio dos Camarões. By 1650, it had become the site of a town formed by immigrants, said to have arrived from Congo, who spoke the Duala language. During the 18th century it was the center of the transatlantic slave trade. In 1826 Douala appeared to be made of four different villages located in four specific locations: the village of Deido, of Akwa, of Njo and Hickory-town. Between 1884 and 1895 the city was a German protectorate; the colonial politics focused on some exploration of the unoccupied territories. In 1885, Alfred Saker organized the first mission of the British Baptist Church.
In the same year the city known as Kamerun was renamed Douala and became the capital of the territory until 1902, when the capital was moved to Buéa. In 1907 the Ministry of Colonies was established and Douala had 23,000 citizens. After World War I in 1919, the German colonial territories became British protectorates. France received a mandate to administer Douala. A treaty was signed with the local chiefs. From 1940 to 1946, it was the capital of Cameroon. In 1955 the city had over 100,000 inhabitants. In 1960 Cameroon became independent and it became a federal republic, with its capital in Yaoundé. Douala became the major economic city. In 1972 the federal republic became a unified state. Douala had a population of around 500,000. In the 1980s, in Cameroon the struggle for liberalization and multi-partitism grew. Between May and December 1991, Douala was at the center of the civil disobedience campaign called the ghost town operation during which economic activities shut down to make the country ungovernable and to force the government to allow multi-partitism and freedom of expression.
With the arrival of the Portuguese in the 15th century, the area was known as Rio dos Camarões. Before coming under German rule in 1884, the town was known as Cameroons Town, it was renamed Douala in 1907 after the name of the natives known as Dua ala Ijaws, became part of the French Cameroons in 1919. Many of the Ijaw natives migrated to the Niger Delta in Nigeria during the Portuguese era; the city is located on the banks of the two sides linked by Bonaberi Bridge. Douala features a tropical monsoon climate, with consistent temperatures throughout the course of the year, though the city experiences somewhat cooler temperatures in July and August. Douala features warm and humid conditions with an average annual temperature of 27.0 °C and an average humidity of 83%. Douala sees plentiful rainfall during the course of the year, experiencing on average 3,600 millimetres of precipitation per year, its driest month is December, when on average 28 millimetres of precipitation falls, while its wettest month is August, when on average nearly 700 millimetres of rain falls.
Evolution of population in Douala With 1,9 million inhabitants in 2005, Douala is the most populated city of Cameroon. Cameroon is home to nearly 250 dialects. French and English are official languages, but Douala is francophone. In 2014, 63.7 % of Douala inhabitants of over 15 years knew how to read and write French, while 76.4% knew how to speak and understand French. The city of Douala is divided into seven districts and it has more than 120 neighborhoods; some of the neighborhoods of Douala include Akwa. Akwa is Bonanjo its administrative district. Plateau Joss is the name used for the current district of Akwa; the name of the districts refer to the Douala lineage, as well as the neighborhoods. For example, Akwa was divided between Bell and Deido into Bonadibong, Boneleke, Bonal
2007–08 Ligue 1
The 2007–08 Ligue 1 season is the seventieth since its establishment, started in August 2007 and ended on 17 May 2008. The fixtures were announced in June 2007. Lyon became French champions. Lens and Metz were relegated to Ligue 2; the three relegated teams will be replaced by the three promoted teams from Ligue 2. Le Havre were promoted as Ligue 2 champions along with Nantes, who finished in second place, third-placed Grenoble. Updated to games played on 17 May. Source: Ligue 11 ^ The home team is listed in the left-hand column. Colours: Blue = home team win. 2Match was played at the Stade de France Karim Benzema wins the Trophée du Meilleur Buteur. Last updated 17 May 2008. Last updated 17 May 2008 Ligue 1 has introduced an Attacking Play Table since the start of the 2006–07 Ligue 1 season to encourage more goal-scoring in Ligue 1 and Ligue 2; the Ligue de Football Professionnel, with the help of the former France national team manager Michel Hidalgo, introduced the idea to reward those teams who score the most goals.
Independent from the official league table, points are awarded as follows: The sum of 20 million Euros, taken from the LFP's new commercial ventures in 2006/2007 will be dedicated to this initiative. €16.7 million will go to Ligue 1. Prize money is distributed to the teams at the end of the season depending on where they finish in the table. Last updated 17 May 2008 Pld = Matches played; the winner will be displayed in bold. The nominees for the Ligue 1 Young Player of the Year; the winner will be displayed in bold. Coach: Laurent Blanc – Bordeaux Last updated 6 April 2008 LFP Official site 2007–08 Coupe de la Ligue 2007–08 Coupe de France 2007–08 Ligue 2
2011 Trophée des Champions
The 2011 Trophée des champions was the 16th edition of the French supercup. The match was to be contested by the winners of Ligue 1 the previous season and the defending Coupe de France champions. However, due to Lille winning the Coupe de France the previous season, the club faced the runners-up of the previous league campaign Marseille; the match was played, for the third consecutive season, on international soil at the Stade de Tanger in Tanger, Morocco. Like the previous two seasons, the idea was to promote French football abroad, but this time more in Africa and the Arab world; the match was televised live on Canal+ in France and throughout 77 countries in the world, a new record for country viewership. On 21 July 2011, it was confirmed by the Ligue de Football Professionnel that Bouchaïb El Ahrach would officiate the match. Marseille trailed Lille by 3–1 with five minutes to go but came back to win 5–4. 2010–11 Ligue 1 2010–11 Coupe de France Official site
2013 Turkish Super Cup
2013 Turkish Super Cup was the 40th edition of the Turkish Super Cup since its establishment as Presidential Cup in 1966. The match was contested between the 2012–13 Süper Lig champions Galatasaray and the 2012–13 Turkish Cup winners Fenerbahçe, making the game the 375th edition of Kıtalar Arası Derbi; the game was a rematch of the 2012 Turkish Super Cup, won by title holders Galatasaray. This will be the 5th overall national super cup matchup between the teams since 1966, the second matchup since 2006, when the cup was rebranded as TFF Süper Kupa. Galatasaray last won the cup in 2012 against Fenerbahçe, Fenerbahçe last won the cup in 2009 against Beşiktaş. In their previous finals, both teams won twice. Galatasaray in 1996 and 2012, Fenerbahçe in 1973 and 1985. Galatasaray were champions in the regular season, finishing ten points ahead of Fenerbahçe. In the regular season, Galatasaray collected 71 points by 8 draws and 5 losses, they were trailed by Fenerbahçe, who collected 61 points by 7 draws and 9 losses.
Although runners-up of the league, Fenerbahçe performed better in the domestic cup. They entered the tournament at the fourth round, they won their fourth round match against Pendikspor. In the fifth round, they beat Göztepe. In the group stage they were drawn against Sivasspor, 1461 Trabzon, Bursaspor but were winners in the group; the semi-finals were the toughest home and away matches for Fenerbahçe, as they struggled against Eskişehirspor but were winners after a penalty shoot-out. In the 2013 Turkish Cup Final they were crowned champions against rivals Trabzonspor by a decisive 1–0 win; this was a consecutive win for Fenerbahçe. 2012–13 Süper Lig 2012–13 Turkish Cup
Cameroon national football team
The Cameroon national football team, nicknamed in French Les Lions Indomptables, is the national team of Cameroon. It is controlled by the Fédération Camerounaise de Football and has qualified seven times for the FIFA World Cup, more than any other African team. However, the team has only made it once out of the group stage, they were the first African team to reach the quarter-final of the World Cup, in 1990, losing to England in extra time. They have won five Africa Cup of Nations titles.and Olympic gold in 2000 Cameroon played its first match against Belgian Congo in 1956, losing 3–2. They first were knocked out in the first round. Two years as host nation, the Indomitable Lions finished third after being knocked out by their neighbours and future champions Congo in the 1972 Africa Cup of Nations, they would not qualify for the competition for another ten years. Cameroon qualified for its first FIFA World Cup in 1982. With the increase of 16 to 24 teams Cameroon qualified along with Algeria to represent Africa in Spain.
Cameroon was drawn into Group 1 with eventual winners Italy and Peru. In their first game, Cameroon faced Peru and drew 0–0, they had a second goalless draw with Poland before a surprise 1–1 draw with Italy. Despite being unbeaten they failed to qualify for the second round. Two years Cameroon qualified for the 1984 Africa Cup of Nations, held in Ivory Coast, they finished second in their first-round group before beating Algeria on penalties in the semi-final. In the final, Cameroon beat Nigeria 3–1 with goals from René N'Djeya, Théophile Abega and Ernest Ebongué to become champions of Africa for the first time. Cameroon qualified for the 1990 World Cup by surpassing Nigeria and beating Tunisia in the final round playoff. In the final tournament, Cameroon were drawn into Group B with Argentina and the Soviet Union. Cameroon defeated defending champions Argentina in the opening game 1–0 with a goal scored by François Omam-Biyik. Cameroon defeated Romania 2–1 and lost to the Soviet Union 0–4, becoming the first side to top a World Cup Finals group with a negative goal difference.
In the second round, Cameroon defeated Colombia 2–1 with the 38-year-old Roger Milla scoring two goals in the extra time. In the quarter-finals, Cameroon faced England. After 25 minutes, England's David Platt scored for England, while in the second-half, Cameroon came back with a 61st-minute penalty from Emmanuel Kundé and took the lead with Eugène Ekéké on 65 minutes. England, equalized in the 83rd minute with a penalty from Gary Lineker, while Lineker again found the net via a 105th-minute penalty to make the eventual scoreline 3–2 for England; the team was coached by former player Valeri Nepomniachi. The 1994 World Cup in the United States saw the adjustment of representation for three African teams qualify. Cameroon qualified with Morocco. In the final tournament, Cameroon were drawn into Group B with Sweden and Russia. After a 2–2 draw against Sweden, Cameroon were determined to make an impact. However, a 3–0 loss to Brazil and a heavy 6–1 loss to Russia knocked them out. In their last game against Russia, the 42-year-old Roger Milla became the oldest player to play and score in a World Cup finals match.
The team was coached by French-born Henri Michel. The 1998 World Cup in France saw the increase of 24 to 32 teams. Cameroon qualified alongside four other African countries. After qualifying as expected, Cameroon were drawn into Group B with Italy and Austria. Despite drawing with Chile and Austria, a 3–0 defeat to Italy saw Cameroon finish bottom of the group, they were eliminated as a result, it was an unfortunate elimination, since Cameroon had led Austria 1–0 until the 90th minute, had two goals dubiously ruled out in a 1–1 draw with Chile. Cameroon had three players sent off in the course of the tournament, more than any other team, despite only playing three games out of a possible seven, they had the highest card count per game of any team, collecting an average of four bookings in each match they played. It was during this tournament that a certain Samuel Eto'o was exposed to Cameroonians, he was the youngest player of the tournament alongside Michael Owen of England. The team was coached by French-born Claude Le Roy.
Cameroon qualified for the 2002 World Cup in Korea-Japan, clinching first place in their group which included Angola and Togo. Cameroon were drawn into Group E alongside the Republic of Ireland and Saudi Arabia. Cameroon started with a 1–1 draw with Ireland after giving up the lead and defeated Saudi Arabia 1–0. In their last game, Cameroon were defeated 2–0 by Germany and were narrowly eliminated by the Irish, who had not lost a game. In the 72nd minute of the 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup semi-final between Cameroon and Colombia, midfielder Marc-Vivien Foé collapsed. In the final against France, Cameroon wore shirts embroidered with Foé's name and dates of birth and death. In the 2006 World Cup qualifying round, Cameroon were drawn into Group 3 with the Ivory Coast, Libya and Benin. Cameroon led the group for most of the time until their final game, when Pierre Womé failed to convert a late penalty. On 8 October 2005, Cameroon drew with Egypt 1–1 while the Ivory Coast defeated Sudan 3–1, results which prevented Cameroon from qualifying to the World Cup.
In Cameroon's 2010 World Cup qualifying campaign, the team was grouped with Gabon and Morocco. After a slow start in their campaign with a loss to Togo, the coach of Cameroon, Otto Pfister, resigned. Frenchman Paul Le Guen was appointed as the new coach after a draw
Villarreal Club de Fútbol, S. A. D. Usually abbreviated to Villarreal CF or just Villarreal, is a Spanish football club based in Villarreal, a city in the province of Castellón within the Valencian Community. Founded in 1923, it plays in La Liga, holding home games at Estadio de la Cerámica, with a capacity of 24,890; the club is nicknamed El Submarí Groguet or El Submarino Amarillo due to its yellow home kit, due to being a low-profile team compared to Real Madrid, Atlético Madrid, regional rivals Valencia, whom they have challenged for trophies over the last decade. Villarreal has been touted as an example of a small but successful club. Villarreal CF was founded as Villarreal CD on 10 March 1923 "to promote all sports Football." The stadium was rented for 60 pesetas a month and ticket prices were set at half a peseta for men and a quarter of a peseta for children. Women were granted free admission. On 17 June 1923, Castellón, a modern rival of the club, played the first match against a club named after Cervantes.
On 21 October of that year, Villarreal played their first game playing against Castellón. Villarreal started off with a kit of black shorts, reflected in their first badge. Villarreal entered regional competitions within the Spanish football pyramid from 1929–30 onwards; the 1934–35 season saw the team lose to Cartagena when a win would have seen them promoted to the nationwide Second Division. The following season saw Villarreal win the First Division of the region before the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War; when the war finished in 1939, the club played again in the Second Division of the region, before promotion in 1950–51 to the first. In 1942, the club changed their name to CAF Villarreal, with a new badge in the yellow colour of their new shirts; the "F" stood for an athletics club and supporter of the team. The name changed again to the current Villarreal CF in 1954, with a badge similar to the present one, they finished seventh and fourth twice in the First regional league before being promoted to the Tercera Liga as champions in 1956.
They were relegated in 1960–61 after finishing 14th. The club adopted their present badge in the middle of 1966. In 1966–67, Villarreal returned to the Tercera as champions. In 1970, they reached the national Segunda for the first time. After narrowly avoiding relegation in their first season, they were relegated the following season. In 1975–76, they were relegated from the Tercera to the Regionals, but were promoted back again the next season. In 1986–87, Villarreal were promoted to the Segunda Liga B. In 1990, they were relegated back to the Tercera. There were back-to-back promotions as the club returned to Segunda B and finished second, earning promotion to Segunda A for the first time. From 1992–93, Villarreal were in low or mid-table positions, but reached the play-offs in 1997–98 by finishing fourth; the two-legged play-off was against Compostela. Villarreal hosted the first leg, a 0–0 draw, but the second leg at the home of the Galician team was a 1–1 draw, thus Villarreal were promoted on the away goals rule.
Villarreal's La Liga debut started with a match against reigning European champions Real Madrid at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium on 31 August 1998. The first home game was against Celta de Vigo the week after; because of a difficult season, Villarreal were relegated to the Segunda División for the 1999–2000 season, but by finishing third, they were promoted back to the Primera Liga. After finishing seventh on their return to the Primera, Villarreal finished in 15th place for two-straight seasons. Villarreal competed in the UEFA Intertoto Cup in the middle of 2002, defeating FH of Iceland, Torino of Italy, Troyes of France, they lost in the final to 2 -- 1 on aggregate. In the middle of 2003, they defeated the Dutch team Heerenveen in the final of the Intertoto Cup, thereby qualifying for the UEFA Cup. In their major European debut, Villarreal reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Cup, losing to neighbours and eventual champions Valencia. In the league, Villarreal finished in eighth place. In the middle of 2004, Villarreal retained the Intertoto Cup, beating compatriots Atlético Madrid on penalties after the final finished 2–2 on aggregate.
This qualified them to the UEFA Cup. They lost in the quarter-finals of the 2004 -- 05 UEFA Cup to Dutch side AZ. During the same season, Villarreal finished in third place in La Liga, earning the club their first direct qualification to a European tournament, the Champions League; the club's centre-forward Diego Forlán won the Pichichi Trophy for top scorer in the league, with 25 goals. Villarreal defeated the English Premier League's Everton in a play-off for the Champions League group stages; the group saw Villarreal go undefeated, drawing both games against Manchester United and achieving a draw and a win each against Lille of France and Benfica of Portugal. The win over Benfica was away and both teams advanced to the last 16; the club drew 3–3 against Rangers of Scotland in the Last 16, advancing on away goals due to a 2–2 draw at Ibrox. In the quarter-finals, Villarreal beat Internazionale on away goals after finishing 2–2 on aggregate; the club bowed out in the semi-finals against Arsenal.
Juan Román Riquelme had a penalty saved by Jens Lehmann in the home game, which finished 0–0. Arsenal went on to lose in the final in Paris to Barcelona. Villarreal finished seventh in La Liga. Villarreal contested the Intertoto Cup in the middle of 2006 and was knocked out in its first game, to Maribor of Slovenia; the first leg was lost 2–1 at home and the away ga
LOSC Lille is a French association football club based in Lille. The club was founded in 1944 as a result of a merger and play in Ligue 1, the first division of French football. Lille has played its home matches since 2012 at Stade Pierre-Mauroy in nearby Villeneuve d'Ascq, which replaced the club's previous home of Stade Lille-Metropole in the same community. Lille was founded as a result of a merger between SC Fives. Both clubs were founding members of the French Division 1 and Lillois was the league's inaugural champions. Under the Lille emblem, the club has won three league titles in 1946, 1954, 2011 and six Coupe de France titles, tied for fourth-best among clubs. Lille and Red Star F. C. are the only French clubs in the competition's history to win the Coupe de France in three consecutive seasons. Lille's most successful period was the decade from 1946 to 1956 when the team was led by managers George Berry and André Cheuva. Lille have a long-standing rivalry with its neighbours RC Lens; the two clubs contest the Derby du Nord.
Lille is owned and presided over by Gérard Lopez, an entrepreneur-investor and an active Luxembourgish-Spanish businessman who invests in the sports industry. Before the Second World War, the city of Lille had two clubs in Ligue 1. Weakened by the war, the two clubs decided to merge in the autumn of 1944, giving birth to Lille Olympique Sporting Club. Within its first decade of existence, the new club won two league titles and reached the second place for four consecutive seasons. In the Coupe de France the club accumulated five wins in seven finals, including five successive finals; the final of the Latin Cup was reached. Lille was relegated for the first time in 1956; the club became a mid-table side and in the late 1960s, after a long period of anonymity, weighed down by a lack of facilities and resources, Lille abandoned its professional status. It was feared. However, some young leaders, such as Max Pommerolle and gave new impetus to the club; the results remained erratic and the only titles that ignited the fans' passions were won in the Second Division.
In July 1980, Lille was the first French club to opt for the status of a Mixed Economy Company, of which the city of Lille became the majority shareholder. The team of presidents Amyot and Dewailly all struggled to compete with the top teams in the country. Jacques Amyot's resignation in 1990 led to three more difficult years for the club which compromised its existence, it took Bernard Lecomte's arrival in 1993 to set the club finances on the road to recovery. After a final relegation in 1997, the team trained by Bosnian coach Vahid Halilhodžić was soon promoted back to the elite, in the same year the French Football League was privatised. In just its first season back in the top flight 2000–01 French Division 1, Lille qualified for Europe for the first time in the club's history, booking its place in the 2000–01 Champions League. On the back of the club's new status, Lille entered into a decisive new era under the guidance of chairman and Chief executive officer Michel Seydoux and coach Claude Puel.
The club left the historical Stade Grimonprez-Jooris to join the Stadium Lille Métropole and became a regular on the European scene. Amongst its most emphatic results was the 1–0 victory over Manchester United at the Stade de France in 2005, the 2–0 triumph over Milan in San Siro in 2006 and the 1–0 home win over Liverpool in 2010. A steady development off the pitch, coupled with the sporting progression under the expert hand of coach Rudi Garcia, took Lille back to the summit of the French game with the League and Cup double in 2011. In 2012, LOSC confirmed its place at the top table of the domestic game with another qualification for Europe's most prestigious club competition, the Champions League in 2012–13. With the club finishing just outside the UCL places that season, Garcia left to join Roma, while former Montpellier coach René Girard was appointed the new Lille manager. After two years in charge of the club, Girard left his role as the head coach by mutual consent, he was joined by assistants Gerard Nicolas Girard in making the exit.
In May 2015, the Ivory Coast national team head coach Hervé Renard was appointed as the new manager. On 11 November 2015, Renard was replaced by Frederic Antonetti. On 23 November 2016 a year after being appointed, Lille terminated Antonetti's contract with the club lying second last in the table. In March 2017, Lille appointed Marcelo Bielsa as new manager of the club. In November 2017, Bielsa was suspended by Lille following an unauthorized trip to Chile with the club lying second from bottom on the table again and only managing 3 wins from the first 14 games of the season.. On December 23 2017, Bielsa was terminated by Lille and replaced with former Saint-Etienne manager Christophe Galtier. After a difficult 2017/2018 season, Lille managed to avoid relegation to Ligue 2 by defeating Toulouse 3-2 in the second last game of the campaign. Stade Pierre-Mauroy was inaugurated in 2012. Named the Centre Olympique de Lille Est, the club's sporting venue is spread over five hectares and features three natural grass football pitches and one synthetic pitch, as well as a number of buildings including a medical centre and gymnasium.
These attributes had seen the club house part of the LOSC Youth Academy here, before all the club's operations were moved to the Domaine de Luchin in Camphin-e