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Simonetta Moro

Simonetta Moro is a fine artist and educator. Most well known for her drawings and paintings, mapping interpretations, depicting flow of change, depth of history, psychological states or memory. Gaining notoriety are the long landscape drawings scrolling in mechanical boxes built by her inventor father Giovanni Moro. From getting the Fulbright Fellowship to participation in important schools like Yaddo and Skowhegan, Simonetta has led an auspicious life, she now repays that training by participating in influential exhibitions like Mapping Brooklyn, at BRIC. Born in northern Italy, reared in Portogruaro. Simonetta went to high school in Venice at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Venezia, she went on to earn a B. F. A. in Painting at Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna, Italy, 1994 Magna cum laude. A year of printmaking at the International School of Graphic art in Florence on a full scholarship, she went off to England to get a Master of Art Degree at Winchester School of Art, University of Southampton, with a studio in Barcelona Spain.

She went to the American Academy in Rome. Continuing in Britain, she earned her Ph. D in visual art at University of Central Lancashire in Preston UK. Further, Simonetta went to Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, Maine USA. Moving to New York City in 2003, she took a teaching position at The New School in Manhattan, developed their art program. In 2010 she became the director of the PhD program at IDSVA, Institute for Doctoral Studies in the Visual Arts, she exhibits her artwork in commercial galleries and cultural institutions, is published in popular books and academic papers. Simonetta’s artmaking practice centers on painting and drawing, her subject matter has a focus on mapmaking. There is quite a variety within that scope, including multi sheet layered drawing histories of places, paintings from overhead of urban streets negotiated by pedestrians, lithographs and panoramic drawings of an outdoor scene so wide they have to be viewed on custom made machines for scrolling the drawing back and forth.

2003 PhD in Visual Art, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK 1996 M. A. European Fine Art, Winchester School of Art, University of Southampton, UK 1994 Diploma in Pittura, 110/110 cum laude, Accademia di Belle Arti, Italy 1989 High school, Italy 2006 Swing Space – Lower Manhattan Cultural Council, New York, NY 2003 Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, Skowhegan, ME 2003 Yaddo Art Colony, Saratoga Springs, NY 1999-2000 Fulbright Fellowship in Visual Arts, American Academy in Rome, Italy 2008 Conflux Festival – Center for Architecture, New York 2008 “The Other Drawings” Directions Gallery, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 2008 “An Abbecedarium For Our Times” – Apex Art, New York 2008 “Emotional Geographies”, SACI Gallery, Italy 2007-08 “Mapping the Self”, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago 2006 Galleria Altri Lavori in Corso, Italy 2005 “Unrecorded Unreckoned Between Thick Walls,” Gallery at Marmara, New York 2003-04 "Outside/in", Wooster Arts Space, New York

National primary

A national primary is a proposed system for conducting the United States presidential primaries and caucuses, such that all occur on the same day. The first bill for a national primary was introduced in Congress by Representative Richard Hobson of Alabama in 1911. President Woodrow Wilson endorsed the concept. Since that time 125 similar bills have been introduced. Support was strong in 1913 with the Senate discussing the plan for an hour and deciding that there was general support for President Wilson's reforms. In 1915, Senator Atlee Pomerene of Ohio, Chairman of the sub-committee examining President Wilson's plan, came to the conclusion that an amendment to the Constitution was needed before such a national primary could occur. Super Tuesday events—days where large numbers of states hold their primaries—have been scheduled in February or March of elections dating back to 1984. There were three Super Tuesday events in 1984. Nine southern states turned the 1988 event into a major regional contest.

Twenty-four states participated in 2008, the most states to have done so in the history of Super Tuesdays. The system of staggered primaries means that voters in primaries may find that the nominee has been selected before they vote. Disproportionate power is given to the earliest primaries, with candidates who lose them being considered non-viable if they may have a lot of support in larger states; the major flaw in the concept is that it takes the phenomenon of frontloading, which other reform plans seek to alleviate, to its ultimate conclusion. Candidates would need to raise huge sums of money, before the first vote was cast in any state, in order to wage a nationwide campaign. Neither the Republican National Committee's 2000 Advisory Commission on the Presidential Nominating Process nor the Democratic National Committee's 2005 Commission on Presidential Nomination Timing and Scheduling considered a national primary as a reform concept. According to Senator Spencer Abraham, "the trend of frontloading, which will, in the not too distant future, produce a single national primary day is a disturbing trend that needs attention.

To have the selection process come down to a single day of dozens of primaries ensures little to no deliberation on this important decision. It would result in minimal give-and-take on issues such that the succeeding candidate would not be the product of a thoughtful issue discussion."Former Oklahoma Governor Frank Keating said, "I concur in the Commission's belief that a national primary would not be a welcome replacement for the current system, since it would create as many problems as it might solve."According to Terry Shumaker in the Transcript of the Commission on Presidential Nomination Timing and Scheduling, "we need to preserve the possibility for lesser known, lesser funded candidates to compete, a national primary on February 5th will not do that." National Presidential Primary Homepage United States presidential primary United States presidential election United States presidential election debates American presidential debate United States presidential nominating convention United States Electoral CollegeEarly VotesAmes Straw Poll on a Saturday in August prior to the election year, since 1979 Iowa caucus first official election year event since 1972 New Hampshire primary first national primary stop since 1952Reform PlansUnited States presidential primary reform proposals Graduated Random Presidential Primary System Delaware Plan Rotating Regional Primary System Interregional Primary Plan

John Fawcett Gordon

John Fawcett Gordon PC was a politician in Northern Ireland. Son of William James Gordon and Margaret Fawcett. Husband of Charlotte Banks. Born in the Belfast area, Gordon was sent to live with relatives in the USA after his father died and was educated at Falls River School, United States, he was manager of flax camps and a member of Belfast Corporation from 1920-23. He was the Ulster Unionist Party Member of Parliament in the Northern Ireland parliament for Antrim and Carrick from 1921-43, he served as Minister of Labour from 1938-43. Prior to that, he was Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Labour from 1921, he served as Chairman of the National Assistance Board of Northern Ireland from 1943-56 when he retired, although he was serving as Governor's Deputy as late as 1964 Great-grandfather of Jonathan McDowell Jonathan McDowell's family archives

Crepis monticola

Crepis monticola is a North American species of wildflowers in the daisy family known by the common name mountain hawksbeard. This aster-like flower is native to northern California and southern Oregon, in the Klamath Mountains and Northern California Coast Ranges, it grows in dry Yellow pine forest and Red fir forest habitats. Crepis monticola is a taprooted perennial which exceeds 30 centimeters in height; the dense foliage is made up of lobed and toothed leaves forming a wrinkled, bristly clump. It is covered in sticky exudate; the inflorescence is a cluster of several flower heads, each made up of about 20 golden yellow ligules with toothed tips, but no disc florets. The fruit is a small achene with a white pappus. Calflora Database: Crepis monticola Jepson Manual eFlora treatment of Crepis monticola USDA Plants Profile for Crepis monticola UC Calphotos gallery

German submarine U-993

German submarine U-991 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. The U-991 was laid down on 16 November 1942 at the Voss yard in Hamburg, Germany, she was launched on 8 July 1943 and commissioned on 19 August 1943 under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Kurt Hilbig, replaced on 17 August 1944 by Oberleutnant zur See Karl-Heinz Steinmetz. Her U-boat emblem was Clover; when she was completed, the submarine was 67.10 metres long, with a beam of 6.18 metres, a height of 9.60 metres and a draft of 4.74 metres. She was assessed at 864.7 t submerged. The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower for use while surfaced and two BBC GG UB 720/8 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower for use while submerged, she had two 1.23 m propellers. The submarine was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres, had a maximum surface speed of 17.6 knots and a maximum submerged speed of 7.5 knots.

When submerged, the U-boat could operate for 80 nautical miles at 4 knots and when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles at 10 knots. The submarine was fitted with five 53.3 cm torpedo tubes, fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm deck gun and a 3.7 cm Flak M42 anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of 44 to 57 men. U-991 was used as a Training ship in the 5th U-boat Flotilla from 19 August 1943 to 29 February 1944 where she had been trained and tested at the individual commands and had been part of Ausbildungsflottillen for remaining works and equipment, before serving in the 3rd U-boat Flotilla for active service on 1 March 1944. During her active service, U-993 made 3 patrols, she left Marviken on 23 March 1944 for her first patrol and patrolled the North Atlantic between Ireland and Newfoundland. On 17 April 1944 at 3.51am, North West of Cape Finisterre, U-993 was attacked by a British B-24 Liberator BZ945. The B-24 strafed the boat in a Leigh Light attack and dropped two depth charges and a small bomb on the submarine, which fell wide, causing no damage.

The plane however wasn't so lucky as it was hit by flak during the approach, which set one of the port engines on fire. The plane exploded on impact approx. 600m from the submarine, all 11 aircrew were killed in the crash. The U-993 arrived in Lorient on 22 April 1944 after a patrol of 31 days. U-993 left Lorient for her second patrol on 6 June 1944 and patrolled the Atlantic Ocean, but she stayed close to the French coast, she arrived in Brest on 14 June 1944 after a patrol of 9 days. The submarine left Brest for her third and last patrol on 17 August 1944 under the command of a new commander, Oberleutnant zur See Karl-Heinz Steinmetz; the submarine was fitted with a Schnorchel underwater-breathing apparatus in August 1944. She patrolled the North Atlantic and sailed West off the coast of Ireland and North of the Faroe Islands. On 12 September 1944, a crew member died of jaundice in the North Atlantic; the submarine arrived Bergen on 18 September 1944 after a patrol of 33 days. In total, U993 spend 76 days at sea.

On 4 October 1944, U-993 was stationed in the Laksevaag shipyard at Norway. At 9.30am, 47 Lancaster Bomber and 93 Halifax bomber of 6 RCAF and 8 RAF Group threw a total of 603 bombs which each weight 1000 pounds on the port of Bergen. Seven bombs hit the submarine bunker, but focused on the thick reinforced concrete slabs resulted in no damage. Only the electrical wiring was destroyed and the repair yards were damaged. However, U-993 and U-228 both capsized and sank in a floating dock outside the bunker and U-92 and U-437 were so badly damaged that they had to be decommissioned. Twenty of the Allied machinery had received specific objective instructions for damaging and/or destroying unprotected submarines in the port. One man died on U-993 and another man died the following day of his injuries; the submarine was salvaged and decommissioned. After the war in May 1945, the submarine was captured by British forces and broken up