Decimus or Decimius Magnus Ausonius was a Roman poet and teacher of rhetoric from Burdigala in Aquitaine, modern Bordeaux, France. For a time he was tutor to the future emperor Gratian, who afterwards bestowed the consulship on him, his best-known poems are Mosella, a description of the river Moselle, Ephemeris, an account of a typical day in his life. His many other verses show his concern for his family, friends and circle of well-to-do acquaintances and his delight in the technical handling of meter. Decimius Magnus Ausonius was born c. 310 in Burdigala, the son of Julius Ausonius, a physician of Greek ancestry, Aemilia Aeonia, daughter of Caecilius Argicius Arborius, descended on both sides from established, land-owning Gallo-Roman families of southwestern Gaul. Ausonius was given a strict upbringing by his grandmother, both named Aemilia, he received an excellent education at Bordeaux and at Toulouse, where his maternal uncle, Aemilius Magnus Arborius, was a professor. Ausonius did well in grammar and rhetoric, but professed that his progress in Greek was unsatisfactory.
When his uncle was summoned to Constantinople to tutor one of the sons of emperor Constantine I, Ausonius accompanied him to the capital. Having completed his studies, he trained for some time as an advocate. In 334 he became a grammaticus at a school of rhetoric in Bordeaux, afterwards a rhetor or professor, his teaching attracted many pupils. His most famous pupil was the poet Paulinus, who became a Christian and Bishop of Nola. After thirty years of this work Ausonius was summoned by emperor Valentinian I to teach his son, the heir-apparent; when Valentinian took Gratian on the German campaigns of 368–9, Ausonius accompanied them. In recognition of his services emperor Valentinian bestowed on Ausonius the rank of quaestor. Gratian liked and respected his tutor, when he himself became emperor in 375 he began bestowing on Ausonius and his family the highest civil honors; that year Ausonius was made Praetorian Prefect of Gaul, campaigned against the Alemanni and received as part of his booty a slave-girl, while his father, though nearly ninety years old, was given the rank of Prefect of Illyricum.
In 376 Ausonius's son, was made proconsul of Africa. In 379 Ausonius was awarded the consulate, the highest Roman honor. In 383 the army of Britain, led by Magnus Maximus, revolted against Gratian and assassinated him at Lyons; when Magnus Maximus was overthrown by emperor Theodosius I in 388, Ausonius did not leave his country estates. They were, he says, his nidus senectutis, the "nest of his old age", there he spent the rest of his days, composing poetry and writing to many eminent contemporaries, several of whom had been his pupils, his estates included the land now owned by Château Ausone, which takes its name from him. Ausonius appears to have been a late and not enthusiastic convert to Christianity, he died about 395. His grandson, Paulinus of Pella, was a poet. Epigramata de diversis rebus. About 120 epigrams on various topics. Ephemeris. A description of the occupations of the day from morning till evening, in various meters, composed before 367. Only the beginning and end are preserved. Parentalia.
30 poems of various lengths in elegiac meter, on deceased relations, composed after his consulate, when he had been a widower for 36 years. Commemoratio professorum Professores. A continuation of the Parentalia, dealing with the famous teachers of his native Bordeaux whom he had known. Epitaphia. 26 epitaphs of heroes from the Trojan war, translated from Greek Caesares. On the 12 emperors described by Suetonius. Ordo urbium nobilium. 14 pieces, dealing with 17 towns, in hexameters, composed after the downfall of Maximus in 388. Ludus VII Sapientium. A kind of puppet play in which the seven wise men have their say; the so-called Idyllia. 20 pieces are grouped under this arbitrary title, the most famous of, the Mosella. It includes: Griphus ternarii numeri De aetatibus Hesiodon Monosticha de aerumnis Herculis De ambiguitate eligendae vitae De viro bono EST et NON De rosis nascentibus Versus paschales Epicedion in patrem Technopaegnion Cento nuptialis, composed of lines and half-lines of Vergil. Bissula Protrepticus Genethliacon Eglogarum liber.
A collection of all kinds of astronomical and astrological versifications in epic and elegiac meter. Epistolarum liber. 25 verse letters in various meters. Ad Gratianum gratiarum actio pro consulatu. Prose speech of thanks to the emperor Gratian on the occasion of attaining the consulship, delivered at Treves in 379. Periochae Homeri Iliadis et Odyssiae. A prose summary of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, attributed to but not written by Ausonius. Praefatiunculae. Prefaces by the poet to various collections of his poems, including a response to the emperor Theodosius I's request for his poems. Although admired by his contemporaries, the writings of Ausonius have not since been ranked among Latin literature's finest, his style is easy and fluent, his Mosella is appreciated for its evocation of the life and country along the River Moselle. Edward Gibbon pronounced in his Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire that "the poetical fame of Ausonius condemns the taste of his age." However, his works have several points of interest: 1.
He is cited by histori
SS Ausonia (1956)
SS Ausonia known as the SS Ivory and Aegean Two while in service with her last owners, Golden Star Cruises, was a cruise liner belonging to Louis Cruise Lines operating in the Mediterranean. She operated cruise service during her 52 years of life, she was the last vintage Italian ocean liner in service when she was retired from service in September 2008 and beached for dismantling in March 2010. She was commissioned by Adriatica Lines for its Trieste–Egypt–Lebanon service, she was launched by Cantieri Riuniti dell' Adriatico at Monfalcone on 5 August 1956, delivered on 23 September 1957. She was fitted out and commenced service in October 1957. Ports of call were Trieste, Brindisi, Beirut and Bari, she remained in service with her original owners until 1978, when she underwent a major refit that increased her passenger capacity from 529 to 690. She remained in service with her new owners, Italia Crociere Internazionali, until 1998, when she was sold to the Cyprus-based Louis Cruise Lines. A baby girl was born, named after the ship "Ausonia' on January 5, 1959 at 07:30.
Her parents Elias Sleiman Saikali and Harba her name was registered as'Azonia'. Ausonia was delivered by Doctor Viviani Leonardo. Ausonia was baptized the same day, the godfather was Captain Gino Fabbro. Witness was Vianello Francesco; the couple were immigrating from Lebanon to Canada. Her birth was registered at the Lebanese Consulat in Napoli on January 8, 1959, she never entered service with her original owners right away, as she was chartered to First Choice Holidays for about four years, before entering service for Louis. She was in 2005 renamed Ivory by Louis and continued to operate under Louis Cruise Lines until the end of summer 2008; the Ivory was withdrawn from service in 2009 due to her not fulfilling the SOLAS 2010 regulations. She was beached for scrapping operations at Alang, India on March 3, 2010, she was renamed Winner 5 in preparation for scrapping. The stripping of her interiors has begun, cutting is imminent. By May 20 scrapping had begun, the tip of her bow was cut.. Fellow ocean liner Maestro replaced her and was beached in her plot, 141.
Media related to SS Ausonia at Wikimedia Commons http://www.ssmaritime.com/ausonia.htm http://www.simplonpc.co.uk/Ausonia1PCs.html
Italy the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern Europe. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria and the enclaved microstates San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,340 km2 and has a temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe. Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has been home to a myriad of peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most famous of which being the Indo-European Italics who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era and Carthaginians founded colonies in insular Italy and Genoa, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively; the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People.
The Roman Republic conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the peninsula, in some cases through the establishment of federations, the Republic expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's technology, economy and literature flourished. Italy remained the metropole of the Roman Empire; the legacy of the Roman Empire endured its fall and can be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments and the Latin script. During the Early Middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great prosperity through shipping and banking, laying the groundwork for modern capitalism.
These independent statelets served as Europe's main trading hubs with Asia and the Near East enjoying a greater degree of democracy than the larger feudal monarchies that were consolidating throughout Europe. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Machiavelli. During the Middle Ages, Italian explorers such as Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, John Cabot and Giovanni da Verrazzano discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Italy's commercial and political power waned with the opening of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting between the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, it was subsequently conquered and further divided by European powers such as France and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign control led to a period of revolutionary political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was entirely unified in 1871, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, Italy industrialised, namely in the north, acquired a colonial empire, while the south remained impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite being one of the main victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist dictatorship in 1922. Participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. Following the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, reinstated democracy, enjoyed a prolonged economic boom and, despite periods of sociopolitical turmoil became a developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world's most culturally and economically advanced countries, with the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth. Its advanced economy ranks eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy owns the third-largest central bank gold reserve, it has a high level of human development, it stands among the top countries for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union and a member of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen Area and many more; as a reflection
RMS Ausonia, launched in 1921, was one of Cunard's six post-World War I "A-class" ocean liners for the Canadian service. Ausonia was built in Newcastle by Armstrong, Whitworth & Co. launched on 22 March 1921, completed in June. She made her maiden voyage on 31 August 1921 from Liverpool to Montreal, the following season went into service on the London-Canada route. In December 1938, the Ausonia carried about 50 American veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade returning from the Spanish Civil War from Le Havre, France, by way of England and Halifax, Nova Scotia, arriving in New York City on 20 December 1938. On 29 April 1939, English composer Benjamin Britten and tenor Peter Pears sailed from Southampton for Canada on Ausonia to begin what became a three-year sojourn in North America. Britten described the voyage as at first "bloody boring", though there was a "terrific gale" and "ice bumping against the ship". Towards the end of the voyage, they gave a recital for voice and piano.<ref>Carpenter 1992, pp. 128-129 On 2 September 1939 she was requisitioned by the Admiralty and converted into an armed merchant cruiser.
On 3 June 1942 the Ausonia was converted to a repair ship. She was laid up during 1945. In 1958 she went to Malta as repair ship for the Mediterranean Fleet. In September 1964 she was laid up at Portsmouth, in August 1965 she was sold to be broken up at Castellón de la Plana, Spain. RMS Albania RMS Antonia RMS Andania RMS Ascania RMS Aurania Carpenter, Humphrey. Benjamin Britten: A Biography. Faber and Faber. Pp. 128–129. ISBN 0-571-14324-5
Ausonia is a town and comune in southern Lazio, central Italy. It takes its name from the Ausones/Aurunci, whose ancient town Ausona, located nearby, was destroyed by the Romans in 314 BC. In the Middle Ages it was known as Fratte. Ausonia is located near the border between Lazio and Campania, in a valley between the Monti Aurunci and the Mainarde, its names stems from Ausona, an ancient city of the Osci, whose location, has not been identified after it was destroyed by the Romans in 314 BC. The finding of Latin inscriptions devoted to Hercules suggest that a pilgrimage road could pass from here in ancient times; the main attraction is the sanctuary of Santa Maria del Piano. Its sacristy has a maiolica pavement from the 17th-century Neapolitan school, a polyptych by Giovanni Filippo Criscuolo; the crypt has medieval frescoes with stories of the life of St Remicarda. Other churches include the 12th-century San Michele Arcangelo and the church of Santa Maria di Correano. Ausonia is home to a medieval castle built by the Princes of Capua in the 11th century.
Remains include the walls. Official website
Ausonia is a stony Vestian asteroid from the inner region of the asteroid belt 100 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered by Italian astronomer Annibale de Gasparis on 10 February 1861, from the Astronomical Observatory of Capodimonte, in Naples, Italy; the asteroid was named Ausonia, after the ancient classical name for the Italian region. Ausonia is a member of the Vesta family. Vestian asteroids have a composition akin to cumulate eucrites and are thought to have originated deep within 4 Vesta's crust from the Rheasilvia crater, a large impact crater on its southern hemisphere near the South pole, formed as a result of a subcatastrophic collision. Vesta is the main belt's second-most-massive body after Ceres, it orbits the Sun in the inner asteroid belt at a distance of 2.1–2.7 AU once every 3 years and 9 months. Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.13 and an inclination of 6° with respect to the ecliptic. Ausonia was in a study using the Hubble FGS. Other studied asteroids included 15 Eunomia, 43 Ariadne, 44 Nysa, 624 Hektor.
In the Tholen classification, Ausonia is a stony S-type asteroid, while in the SMASS classification, it is an Sa-subtype, that transitions from the S-type to the uncommon A-type asteroid. The body's stony composition has been confirmed by polarimetric observations in 2017. In 1976, Ausonia was the subject of a photometric study by the Observatory of Turin in Italy. A lighcurve of Ausonia was obtained with the ESO 0.5-metre telescope at La Silla Observatory in 1980. According to the surveys carried out by the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS, the Japanese Akari satellite and the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, Ausonia measures between 87.47 and 116.044 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.125 and 0.25. The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link derives an albedo of 0.2082 and a diameter of 90 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 7.55. Based on its lightcurve, a small moon had been never confirmed; the initial choice of name for the asteroid was "Italia", after Italy, but this was modified to Ausonia, an ancient classical name for the Italian region.
Asteroid Lightcurve Database, query form Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books Asteroids and comets rotation curves, CdR – Observatoire de Genève, Raoul Behrend Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets - – Minor Planet Center 63 Ausonia at AstDyS-2, Asteroids—Dynamic Site Ephemeris · Observation prediction · Orbital info · Proper elements · Observational info 63 Ausonia at the JPL Small-Body Database Close approach · Discovery · Ephemeris · Orbit diagram · Orbital elements · Physical parameters
Ausonia Montes is a mountain in the Mare Tyrrhenum quadrangle of Mars, at 25.42° south latitude and 99.04° east longitude. It is 158 kilometres across and was named after an albedo feature name