American Austin Car Company
The American Austin Car Company was an American automobile manufacturing corporation. The company was founded in 1929, produced motorcars licensed from the British Austin Motor Company from 1930 through 1934, when it filed for bankruptcy. In 1935 the company was reorganized under the name American Bantam. Production resumed in 1937 and continued through 1941, including the first prototype of what became the Jeep. American Austin Car Company was founded in 1929, in Butler, Pennsylvania, in premises that had belonged to the Standard Steel Car Company, their intention was to assemble and sell in the United States a version of the Austin 7 car, called American Austin. After some initial success the Great Depression set in, sales fell off to the point that production was suspended. In 1934 the company filed for bankruptcy; the automobile was designed in the hopes of creating a market for small-car enthusiasts in the United States. The cars had 747 cc inline-four engines, enabling the car to return 40 mpg‑US, travel 1,000 miles or 1,600 kilometres per 2 US qt fill of oil.
It was capable of 50 mph in high gear. Styling resembled small Chevrolets, with Stutz- and Marmon-style horizontal hood louvres; the bodies were made by the Hayes Body Company of Detroit. The coupe was billed as a sedan, sold for $445 less than a Ford V8 roadster; the Great Depression made the cheaper secondhand cars more appealing, so sales dropped off. More than 8,000 cars were sold during the company's first year of sales, but sales fell off to the point that production was suspended in 1932, it restarted in 1934 with bodies now made in-house, but stopped again between 1935 and 1937. About 20,000 cars were produced. Beginning in the 1960s, the car gained a following with hot rodders, as well as among drag racers; the 75 in wheelbase made it attractive compared to the Anglia. In 1935, Roy Evans, a former salesman for Austin, bought out the bankrupt company, reorganized under the name American Bantam; the formal connection with UK Austin was severed. A series of changes was made to the American Austin car design, including a modified engine, an exterior sheetmetal designed by Alexis de Sakhnoffsky.
Production was resumed in 1937, continued through 1941. Despite a wide range of Bantam body styles, ranging from light trucks to woodie station wagons, only about 6,000 Bantams of all types were produced. American Bantam's 1938 model was the inspiration for Donald Duck's car, first seen in Don Donald. American Bantam is credited with the design of the first Jeep by Karl Probst, built 2675 of these. More than half of the initial production went to the British Army; some of the motors and chassis were imported from Ohio. The Bantam company produced the most fuel-efficient engine and first prototype under the original US government tender specifications and was awarded the first contract, but because Willys Overland used a more powerful engine, because elements favorable to Ford within the Quartermaster Corps claimed that Bantam lacked production capacity to produce the vehicle on the scale needed by the United States Department of War, the awarding of ongoing contracts was reopened; the U. S. Army gave the BRC 40 designs to Willys-Overland and awarded the bulk of orders to Willys and Ford, while Bantam went on to produce Jeep trailers.
After Jeep production stopped, Bantam made two-wheel trailers. This continued until the company was taken over by American Rolling Mills in 1956. AmericanBantam.com American Austin Bantam Club Austin & Bantam on wmpear.com Austin & Bantam on oldmotors.com American Bantam Photo Galleries at RemarkableCars.com Voice of America broadcast a report on the Bantam Jeep American Austin coupe at the Internet Movie Cars Database American Austin roadster at the Internet Movie Cars Database
Austin College is a private liberal arts college affiliated with the Presbyterian Church and located in Sherman, Texas. About 1,300 students are enrolled at the college. Students are required to live on campus for the first three years of their education in order to foster a close-knit and community oriented campus lifestyle. Austin College promotes study abroad programs; the college cultivates close interaction between students and professors via a 12:1 student to faculty ratio and an average class size of fewer than 25 students. The college has no teaching assistants, so regular faculty teach all levels of coursework. Chartered in November 1849, Austin College remains the oldest institution of higher education in Texas to be operating under its original charter and name as recognized by the State Historical Survey Committee; the college was profiled in all three editions of Colleges That Change Lives. The college was founded on October 13, 1849, in Huntsville, Texas, by the Hampden–Sydney and Princeton-educated missionary Dr. Daniel Baker.
Signed by Texas Governor George Wood, the charter of Austin College was modeled after those of Harvard and Princeton. Baker named the school for the Texas historical figure Stephen F. Austin after the original land on which it was built was donated by the Austin family. Two other important figures in Texas history, Sam Houston and Anson Jones, served on the original board of trustees for the college, the former site in Huntsville became today's Sam Houston State University. Austin College's founding president was Irish-born Presbyterian minister Samuel McKinney, who served as the school's president a second time from 1862 to 1871. Under the tenure of the fourth president of Austin College, Reverend Samuel Magoffin Luckett, Austin College suffered several yellow fever epidemics and complications related to the Civil War. Texas Synod of the Presbyterian Church decided the college would be relocated to Sherman in 1876. Construction of the new campus in north Texas came in the form of "Old Main," a two-story, red brick structure, which occurred between 1876 and 1878.
Struggling with the Long Depression. Austin College saw little improvement to its building or grounds during the late 1870s. From 1878 to 1885, the college continued to struggle from the aftershocks of economic depression. A shrewd and well connected businessman, President MacGregor relieved a great deal of the college's debt and returned operations to normalcy. After MacGregor's death in 1887, the college welcomed President Luckett back to the campus. Throughout his second term as president, Samuel Luckett adopted a military program, grew the student body, introduced a YMCA chapter, established intercollegiate athletics and Greek fraternities, added two wings to Old Main. One of the school's most iconic presidents came in the form of Reverend Thomas Stone Clyce, who served as the Austin College president from 1900 to 1931. On January 21 of 1913, Old Main was set burnt to the ground in a matter of hours. A professor of Austin College, Davis Foute Eagleton described the incident: "Austin College on fire and every particle of wood reduced to ashes--and walls rendered unfit for use.
Oh, dies irae, dies irae! - The dear old building in which I have laboured for twenty-four years, gone! What traditions, griefs, were associated with it! The carpenters were approaching the completion of their work; the new English room was completed, the library room was soon to be ready. The literary societies lost everything. I lost all books, or, in my class room; the laboratories were a total loss. The library and office furniture were all in the new Y. M. C. A. Building. Before the fire had begun to die out, the Senior class called the student body together and they pledged themselves by classes in writing to stand by the Faculty and the College, that no one would leave; the Faculty met shortly after and unanimously decided to continue college work the next day as usual, meeting their classes in places designated. Not another institution in the State could have done this, but the old College building is gone forever!!!"Following the fire, the citizens of Sherman raised $50,000 to help the college rebuild.
Now one of the oldest buildings on the Austin College campus, Sherman Hall housed administrative offices, an auditorium-chapel, a library. Now the home of the humanities division, Sherman Hall boasted such guests as Harry Houdini, Harry Blackstone Sr. Madame Schumann-Heink, William Howard Taft, George H. W. Bush. To this day, the Austin College administration cancels classes for weather or minor incidents in honor of the great commitment students and faculty made to continue on with regular coursework following the fire. Austin College became co-educational in 1918, merging in 1930 with the all-female Texas Presbyterian College; the Great Depression limited campus growth and educational expansion, however the college regained momentum in the mid-1930s with the introduction of many courses, ground breaking on new facilities, growth of established programs. Throughout 1942, Austin College trained some 300 men and women in engineering and management courses as part of the United States Office of Education's war efforts.
The following year, Austin College undertook a Cadet nurses training program and hosted Naval Reserves, Texas Ho
The term Augustinians, named after Augustine of Hippo, applies to two distinct types of Catholic religious orders, dating back to the first millennium but formally created in the 13th century, some Anglican religious orders, created in the 19th century, though technically there is no "Order of St. Augustine" in Anglicanism. Within Anglicanism the Rule of St. Augustine is followed only by women, who form several different communities of Augustinian nuns in the Anglican Communion. Within Roman Catholicism, Augustinians may be members of either one of two separate and distinct types of Order: Several mendicant Orders of friars, who lived a mixed religious life of contemplation and apostolic ministry and follow the Rule of St. Augustine, a brief document providing guidelines for living in a religious community; the largest and most familiar known as the Hermits of St. Augustine and known as the Austin friars in England, is now referred to as the Order of St. Augustine. Two other Orders, the Order of Augustinian Recollects and the Discalced Augustinians, were once part of the Augustinian Order under a single Prior General.
The Recollect friars, founded in 1588 as a reform movement of the Augustinian friars in Spain, became autonomous in 1612 with their first Prior General, Enrique de la Sagrada. The Discalced friars became an independent congregation with their own Prior General in 1592, were raised to the status of a separate mendicant order in 1610. Various congregations of clerics known as Canons Regular who follow the Rule of St. Augustine, embrace the evangelical counsels and lead a semi-monastic life, while remaining committed to pastoral care appropriate to their primary vocation as priests, they form one large community which might serve parishes in the vicinity, are organized into autonomous congregations, which are distinct by region. In a religious community, "charism" is the particular contribution that each religious order, congregation or family and its individual members embody; the teaching and writing of Augustine, the Augustinian Rule, the lives and experiences of Augustinians over sixteen centuries help define the ethos and special charism of the order.
As well as telling his disciples to be "of one mind and heart on the way towards God", Augustine of Hippo taught that "Nothing conquers except truth and the victory of truth is love", the pursuit of truth through learning is key to the Augustinian ethos, balanced by the injunction to behave with love towards one another. It does not unduly single out the exceptional favour the gifted, nor exclude the poor or marginalised. Love is not earned through human merit, but received and given by God's free gift of grace undeserved yet generously given; these same imperatives of affection and fairness have driven the order in its international missionary outreach. This balanced pursuit of love and learning has energised the various branches of the order into building communities founded on mutual affection and intellectual advancement; the Augustinian ideal is inclusive. Augustine spoke passionately of God's "beauty so ancient and so new", his fascination with beauty extended to music, he taught that "whoever sings prays twice" and music is a key part of the Augustinian ethos.
Contemporary Augustinian musical foundations include the famous Augustinerkirche in Vienna, where orchestral masses by Mozart and Schubert are performed every week, as well as the boys' choir at Sankt Florian in Austria, a school conducted by Augustinian canons, a choir now over 1,000 years old. Augustinians have produced a formidable body of scholarly works; the Canons Regular follow the more ancient form of religious life which developed toward the end of the first millennium and thus predates the founding of the friars. They represent a clerical adaptation of monastic life, as it grew out of an attempt to organize communities of clerics to a more dedicated way of life, as St. Augustine himself had done, it paralleled the lay movement of monasticism or the eremetical life from which the friars were to develop. In their tradition, the canons added the commitment of religious vows to their primary vocation of pastoral care; as the canons became independent of the diocesan structures, they came to form their own monastic communities.
The official name of the Order is the Canons Regular of St. Augustine. Like the Order of St. Benedict, it is not one legal body, but a union of various independent congregations. Though they follow the Rule of St. Augustine, they differ from the friars in not committing themselves to corporate poverty, a defining element of the mendicant orders. Unlike the friars and like monks, the canons are organized as one large community to which they are attached for life with a vow of stability, their houses are given the title of an abbey, from which the canons tend to various surrounding towns and villages for spiritual services. The religious superior of their major houses is titled an abbot. Smaller communities are headed by provost; the distinctive habit of canon regulars is the rochet, worn over a cassock or tunic, indicative of their clerical origins. This has evolved in various ways among different congregations, from wearing the full rochet to the wearing of a white tunic and scapular; the Austrian congregation, as an example, wears a sarozium, a narrow band of white cloth—a vestige of the scapular—which hangs down both front and back over a cassock for their weekday wear.
For more solemn occasions, they wear the rochet under a violet mozzetta. Communities of canons served the poor and the sick throughout Europe, through both nur
The Austin Allegro is a small family car, manufactured by the Austin-Morris division of British Leyland from 1973 until 1982. The same vehicle was built in Italy by Innocenti between 1974 and 1975 and sold as the Innocenti Regent. In total, 642,350 Austin Allegros were produced during its ten-year production life, most of which were sold on the home market; the Allegro announced in May 1973 was designed as the replacement for the Austin 1100 and 1300 models, which were designed by Sir Alec Issigonis. As with the Morris Marina, the car can be seen with hindsight as symptomatic of the enormous difficulties facing British Leyland during that period; the key factor that British Leyland can now be seen to have missed is that a much more useful and popular form of car, the hatchback, was emerging in Europe, with designs such as the Autobianchi A112, Renault 16, Volkswagen Golf. This configuration would go on to dominate the market for small family cars in the space of a few years. British Leyland stuck to the more traditional and less versatile booted design when they launched the Allegro.
This was because of internal company politics: it had been decided that the Austin Maxi should have a hatchback as its unique selling point, that no other car in the company's line-up was allowed one. This decision hamstrung both the Allegro and the Princess, both designs suited to a hatchback yet not given one; the Allegro used front-wheel drive, using the familiar A-Series engine with a sump-mounted transmission. The higher-specification models used the SOHC E-Series engine, in 1750 cc displacements; the two-box saloon bodyshell was suspended using the new Hydragas system. Stylistically, it went against the sharp-edged styling cues that were becoming fashionable, featured rounded panel work; the original styling proposal, by Harris Mann, had the same sleek, wedge-like shape of the Princess, but because British Leyland management, keen to control costs, wanted to install the existing E-Series engine and bulky heating system from the Marina, it became impossible to incorporate the low bonnet line as envisaged: the bodyshell began to look more and more bloated and tubby.
This was acceptable to BL, which according to Jeff Daniels' book British Leyland, The Truth About The Cars, published in 1980, wanted to follow the Citroën approach of combining advanced technology with styling that eschewed mainstream trends in order to create long-lasting "timeless" models. Its unfashionable shape was thus not a problem to them; the final car bore little resemblance to Mann's original concept, conceived as an 1100/1300 re-skin. This, as well as British Leyland's faith in it as a model that would help turn the company around, led to it earning the early nickname of the "flying pig". Models that were finished in the fashionable brown colour were given an ruder nickname. With the Allegro, the makers avoided the full extent of badge engineering that had defined the marketing of its predecessor, sold as an Austin although it was sold under all of the brands which BMC/BL owned, but they introduced in September 1974 an upmarket Allegro, branded as the Vanden Plas 1500/automatic.
This featured a prominent grille at the front and an interior enhanced by a range of modifications designed to attract traditionally inclined customers, including: special seats upholstered in real leather, with reclining backrests. In 1974, a time when the UK starting price for the Austin Allegro was given as £1159, BLMC were quoting, at launch, a list price of £1951 for the Vanden Plas 1500; the Allegro name was not used on this version. Early Allegro models featured a "quartic" steering wheel, rectangular with rounded sides; this was touted as allowing extra room between the driver's legs. The quartic wheel did not take off, was dropped in 1974 when the SS model was replaced by the HL; the VP 1500 was never introduced despite it being featured in the owner's manual. Despite this feature only having appeared on certain models for a limited time, the Allegro has always been associated with the criticism that it "had a square steering wheel", it could now be seen as being ahead of its time as today many cars have squared off lower section steering wheels and some Formula 1 cars have square steering wheels.
Some other BL cars from this period were fitted with a semi Quartic steering wheel, such as the Rover SD1. In April 1975 a 3-door estate car version was added to the range. Allegros were now coming off the production line with the same conventional steering wheel as the Morris Marina, although the company waited till early June 1975 to announce, rather the demise of the Allegro's quartic steering wheel to give time for older cars to emerge from the sales and distribution network. Similar to the 2-door saloon, the Allegro estate had a coachline and featured a rear wash-wipe; the spare wheel was housed under the rear load floor area. It was only in production for about 100 days before the arrival of the Series 2 model, making Series I Allegro estate rarer than most other models in the range. There was a similar situation in New Zealand, where the New Zealand Motor Corporation, which at the time had CKD kit assembly plants in Newmarket and Panmure and Petone, began Allegro assembly in 1975 – with the circular steering wheel.
Only a few hundred'Mark Ones' – amon
Austin County, Texas
Austin County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,417, its seat is Bellville. The county is named for Stephen F. Austin, who facilitated the Anglo-American colonization of Texas and is known as the "Father of Texas". Austin County is included in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area. Austin County is not to be confused with the city of Austin, the state capital city that lies in Travis County, about 110 miles to the northwest. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 656 square miles, of which 647 square miles is land and 9.9 square miles is covered by water. Washington County Waller County Fort Bend County Wharton County Colorado County Fayette County As of the census of 2000, 23,590 people, 8,747 households, 6,481 families resided in the county; the population density was 36 people per square mile. The 10,205 housing units averaged 16 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 80.22% White, 10.64% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 6.99% from other races, 1.58% from two or more races.
About 16.13% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race, 26.9% were of German, 8.0% Czech, 6.4% English, 5.0% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. Of the 8,747 households, 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.60% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.90% were not families. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.14. In the county, the population was distributed as 27.00% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,615, for a family was $46,342. Males had a median income of $32,455 versus $22,142 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,140. About 8.80% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.70% of those under age 18 and 14.40% of those age 65 or over.
District 18: Lois Kolkhorst – first elected in 2006 District 13: Lois Kolkhorst – first elected in 2000 County Judge: Tim Lapham Tax Assessor-Collector: Marcus A. Peña – first elected in 2012 The following school districts serve Austin County: Bellville Independent School District Brazos Independent School District Brenham Independent School District Columbus Independent School District Sealy Independent School District Interstate 10 U. S. Highway 90 State Highway 36 State Highway 159The TTC-69 component of the once-planned Trans-Texas Corridor went through Austin County. Bellville Brazos Country Sealy Wallis Industry San Felipe Rexville Adelsverein List of museums in the Texas Gulf Coast National Register of Historic Places listings in Austin County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Austin County Austin County website Austin County, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online Austin County from the Texas Almanac Austin County from the TXGenWeb Project Historic Austin County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
Beanie Babies are a line of stuffed toys created by American businessman H. Ty Warner, who founded Ty Inc. in 1986. Notably, the toys are stuffed with plastic pellets rather than conventional soft stuffing, giving Beanie Babies a flexible feel; the "babies" part of the name does not refer to an infant. In an interview, Warner said, "The whole idea was it looked real because it moved."Although created in 1993, during the last half of the 1990s, Beanie Babies emerged as a major fad and collectable. They have been cited as being the world's first Internet sensation in 1995, they were collected not only as toys, but as a financial investment, due to the high resale value of particular ones. Nine original Beanie Babies were launched in 1993: Legs the Frog, Squealer the Pig, Spot the Dog, Flash the Orca, Splash the Whale, Chocolate the Moose, Patti the Platypus, Brownie the Bear, Pinchers the Lobster, they were not in factory production until 1994. Sales were slow at first to the point that by 1995 many retailers refused to buy the products in the bundles Ty offered them while others outright refused to buy them in any form.
Their popularity soon grew however, first starting locally in Chicago before growing into a national craze in the USA. In 1996, Ty Inc. released a new product called Teenie Beanies, a miniature offshoot of the original Beanie Babies line. They were sold alongside McDonald's Happy Meals to celebrate that product's 17th anniversary. Ty, Inc. stopped producing the product in December 1999. Production restarted in 2000 with a Beanie Baby named "The Beginning." In early 2008, Ty released a new version of Beanie Babies called Beanie Babies 2.0. The purchase of a Beanie Baby 2.0 provided its owner with a code to access an online Beanie Babies interactive website. The website has since been shut down. By 2017, Beanie Baby incarnations of characters from My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic were available. Beanie Babies are deliberately under stuffed; this led to a criticism that the toys looked "cheap". Ty Warner has said that this understuffing method made the toys look "real". Another important design element is the tag.
Since the beginning, Beanie Babies have included two tags for identification: a heart-shaped "swing tag" at the top, a fabric "tush tag" at the bottom. Both tags have been redesigned over time. Between 1994 and 1996, the swing tags had "To" and "From" blanks in them for use as gifts. Starting in early 1996, the tags include four-line poems related to the Beanie Baby, a date of birth for the toy; the poem and birthday concept was created by Lina Trivedi, credited as authoring the poems on the first 136 Beanie Babies that were introduced to the marketplace. It was not uncommon for Beanie Babies to be accidentally shipped out with incorrect or misspelled tags, which sometimes increased the toy's value. On occasion, the poems, birth dates and the names have been changed on certain Beanie Babies. Beanie Babies began to emerge as popular collectibles in late 1995, became a hot toy; the company's strategy of deliberate scarcity, producing each new design in limited quantity, restricting individual store shipments to limited numbers of each design and retiring designs, created a huge secondary market for the toys and increased their popularity and value as a collectible.
Ty systematically retired various designs, many people assumed that all "retired" designs would rise in value the way that early retirees had. The craze lasted through 1999 and declined after the Ty company announced that they would no longer be making Beanie Babies and made a bear called "The End"; some time after the original announcement that the company would stop production, Ty asked the public to vote on whether the product should continue. At its height of popularity people would flip Beanies at as much as ten-fold on eBay. Indeed, at the height, Beanies made up 10% of eBay's sales; some collectors insured their purchases for a price in the thousands. Following are key factors that contributed to the collectible nature of Beanie Babies: Unique Creative Elements - each product contained a unique birthday and poem, printed on the tag of every Beanie Baby Supply/Demand - Scarce availability fell short of the product demand Availability - Beanie Babies were only sold in individually-owned small gift and specialty shops New Releases / Retirements - Several times a year, Beanie Babies would retire and the production of those characters would cease to make room for new designsWarner was keenly aware that the Beanie Babies bubble could burst and started requiring retailers who sold Beanies to stock other product lines by his company if they wished to continue selling Beanies.
None of these lines did as well as Beanie Babies, although they kept the company alive after the fad ended and some became successful in their own right. Ty, Inc. was the first business to produce a business to consumer website designed to engage their market. This is a major contributing factor to the early and growing popularity of Beanie Babies. By the time the first iteration of the Ty Web site was published in late 1995, only 1.4% of Americans were using the Internet. In tandem with the launch of the Ty Website, all Beanie Baby hangtags had the Ty Website URL and a call to action printed underneath the poems and birthdays that commanded audiences to visit the company website with text that read: Visit our web page!!! As a result
Austin is an unincorporated community recognized as a local urban district in western Manitoba on the Trans-Canada Highway about 110 km west of Winnipeg. It is part of the Rural Municipality of North Norfolk, it sits at the western edge of the table-flat Portage Plains, but to the south and west is surrounded by miles of low wooded hills known as the Carberry sandhills. The biggest attraction is the annual rodeo and Threshermen's Reunion held at the Manitoba Agricultural Museum the last four business days of July. Austin received its name in 1881 from the Marquis of Lorne Governor General of Canada while he was on a western tour during construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway. Many German immigrants of Mennonite religion moved into the Austin Manitoba area. Austin has an elementary school, a postal office, a curling/hockey rink, two grocery stores and a credit union. One of the main highlights for the community is the Austin Amateur Hockey League; this is a hockey league, founded in 2011 with 8 teams.
There are 12 teams playing in the Austin Amateur Hockey League. Teams in the AAHL play through the season to win the Corner Cup. Teams that have won the Corner Cup include the Flames, the Oliers, the Royals