Hormel Foods Corporation is an American food products company founded 1891 in Austin, Minnesota, by George A. Hormel as George A. Hormel & Company. Focusing on the packaging and selling of ham, SPAM, sausage and other pork, chicken and lamb products to consumers; the company changed its name to Hormel Foods in 1993. Hormel serves 80 countries with brands such as Applegate, Columbus Craft Meats, Dinty Moore, Jennie-O and Skippy; the company was founded as George A. Hormel & Company in Austin by George A. Hormel in 1891, it changed its name to Hormel Foods in 1993. George A. Hormel worked in a Chicago slaughterhouse before hide buyer, his travels took him to Austin and he decided to settle there, borrow $500, open a meat business. Hormel handled the production side of the business and his partner, Albert Friedrich, handled the retail side, their partnership dissolved in 1891 as Hormel started his own meat packing operation in northeast Austin in a creamery building on the Cedar River. To make ends meet in those early days, Hormel continued to trade in hides, eggs and poultry.
The name Dairy Brand was first used in 1903. In the first decade of the 20th century distribution centers were opened in St. Paul, Duluth, San Antonio, Chicago and Birmingham. In 1915 Hormel began selling dry sausages under the names of Cedar Cervelat and Noxall Salami. Hormel products began appearing in national magazines such as Good Housekeeping as early as 1916. In 1921, when George's son Jay Hormel returned from service in WWI, he uncovered that assistant controller Cy Thomson had embezzled $1,187,000 from the company over the previous ten years; the embezzlement scandal provided George Hormel with additional incentive to fortify his company. He did so by arranging for more reliable capital management, by dismissing unproductive employees, by continuing to develop new products with the mantra “Originate, don't imitate." In 1926, the company introduced Hormel Flavor-Sealed Ham, America's first canned ham, added a canned chicken product line in 1928. Throughout the 1930s, Hormel ads were featured on the radio program The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show.
Hormel Chili and Spam were introduced in 1937 respectively. In 1938, Jay C. Hormel introduced the "Joint Savings Plan" which allowed employees to share in the proceeds of the company. In 1933, led by itinerant butcher Frank Ellis, formed the Independent Union of All Workers and conducted one of the nation's first successful sit-down strikes. By 1942, George and Jay established The Hormel Foundation to act as trustees of the family trusts; the Foundation funded the Hormel Institute at the University of Minnesota started with a study of the food value of soybeans. The Institute's scope grew towards studying nutrition, animal diseases and food technology. Hormel's production increased to aid in World War II and 65% of its products were purchased by the U. S. government by 1945. In 1959, Hormel was the first meatpacker to receive the Seal of Approval of the American Humane Society for its practice of anesthetizing animals before slaughter. Little Sizzlers sausages were introduced in 1961 and Cure 81 hams were introduced in 1963.
Not-So-Sloppy-Joe Sloppy Joe sauce made its debut in 1985. In 1986, Hormel Foods acquired Jennie-O Foods and began an exclusive licensing arrangement to produce Chi-Chi's brand products; the following year, Hormel Foods introduced the Top Shelf line of microwavable non-frozen products. The company added to their poultry offerings by purchasing Chicken by George, created by former Miss America Phyllis George, in 1988; that same year, Hormel Foods introduced microwave bacon. In 1984 Hormel introduced the Stuff brand of stuffed hot dogs. In August 1985, Hormel workers went on strike at the Hormel headquarters in Minnesota. In the early 1980s, recession impacted several meatpacking companies, decreasing demand and increasing competition which led smaller and less-efficient companies to go out of business. In an effort to keep plants from closing, many instituted wage cuts. Wilson Food Company declared bankruptcy in 1983, allowing them to cut wages from $10.69 to $6.50 and reduce benefits. Hormel Foods had avoided such drastic action.
Workers had labored under a wage freeze and dangerous working conditions, leading to many cases of repetitive strain injury. When management demanded a 23% wage cut from the workers they decided to begin the strike, it became one of the longest strikes of the 1980s. The local chapter of the United Food and Commercial Workers Union, Local P-9, led the strike, but was not supported by their parent union; the strike gained national attention and led to a publicized boycott of Hormel products. The strike ended in June 1986, after lasting 10 months; the SPAM Museum in Austin, was opened in 2001. That same year, Hormel Foods acquired The Turkey Store, the business was combined with Jennie-O Foods to form Jennie-O Turkey Store. According to Triple Pundit, Hormel Foods began CSR reporting in 2006; the company has been included in Corporate Responsibility magazine's list of the "100 best corporate citizens" for 10 consecutive years. In 2008 an article in the New York Times, "SPAM Turns Serious and Hormel Turns Out More," detailed an overwhelming spike in the demand for SPAM due to the flagging economy.
In 2009 Hormel and Herdez del Fuerte created the joint venture MegaMex Foods to market and distribute Mexican food in the United States. Brand
Austin High School (Minnesota)
Austin High School is a public high school in Austin, Minnesota. It is part of Austin Public Schools, established in 1857; the home of the Packers, the school has over 1,250 students. The school colors are Scarlet and White, the sports team is the Packers. AHS is a member of the Big 9 Conference. Austin High School was constructed in two phases; the older section, c. 1919, has Christgau Hall in the center, while the "new" building, c. 1939, is built around Knowlton Auditorium and Ove Berven Gym. The back of the auditorium stage is directly connected with the north end of the gym and they are divided by a wall, with the cafeteria in the basement below. Classrooms are on the outside of each ring, with the overall effect being the shape of a figure-eight. Stairwells are at each outer corner, midway along the "new" building, at either end of the hall where the "new" and "old" buildings meet. There is an interior pair of stairwells that access the commons, mid-floor classrooms and offices, Knowlton Auditorium's balcony.
A feature of the main building is a commons area that includes vending machines and social area with student artwork on display, the cashier's office, counseling office, Health Services office. The Annex is a separate building situated west of the main building, across 4th Street NW. Built in the 1950s, it housed the vocational programs and Austin State Jr. College; the college moved to its current location in 1966. Classes in the Annex include Auto Shop, Tech Explorations, Welding, Choir and Orchestra. A tunnel connects the main building to the Annex, allowing students to pass between buildings without crossing 4th Street; the school has three floors, each represented by a different color: first floor is red, second is green, the third floor is blue. Most freshman classes are on the third floor, while the rest of the classes are organized by each education department; the basement contains the cafeteria, a tunnel system for pedestrian traffic, remodeled into storage, a section that contained a four-lane pool.
After the swimming teams moved to a new facility at Ellis Middle School in the early 1970s, the pool was only used for Phy Ed classes. The pool was closed and the section was remodeled into classroom and storage space after the Ellis fire of 1986; the school is served with three gyms: Packer Gym, Hastings Gym, Ove Berven Gym. Packer and Hastings Gyms are adjacent to each other in the 1991 addition built at the south end of the "new" building, with a door that connects the two gyms, their locker rooms are along the hall running beside the two gyms. Ove Berven locker rooms are two levels each and located in the southwest and northeast corners adjacent to the gym, with each having a level on the ground floor and in the basement. In the Annex, there is a locker room, a weight training room and a gym used in the past for wrestling practice. There are three auditoriums on campus: Knowlton Auditorium is the largest, located on the first floor and having access to the balcony using the central stairwells and second and third floor entries.
Christgau Hall is located on the second floor of the original building with access to the balcony on the third floor. The Annex Auditorium is located in the tunnel leading to the Annex, is better described as a lecture hall seating about 100. A second annex building, on the west side of Fourth Street NW between the main annex and Pacelli High School, is the maintenance shop and physical plant for the school and contains no student activities. Homecoming is an important event at Austin High School. An entire school week is dedicated to this event. Monday is Pajama Day and students are allowed to wear their sleep apparel. Tuesday is Twin Day, when students either wear Minnesota Twins baseball apparel, or dress identical to another student. Wednesday is Dress Up Day and Coronation, an hour assembly in Knowlton Auditorium where the Homecoming king and queen nominees are recognized; the Homecoming king and queen of the previous year announce the new royalty by placing a crown on the head of whomever wins.
Thursday is "Battle of the Connects", where each class wears a different color and every Connect participates for points in a number of events including waterballoon volleyball, egg walk and many more. The students walk 8 blocks west of AHS to Wescott Field, where the Austin Packers football and soccer games are held. There they watch the girls' football team. Thursday night there is a bonfire at Marcussen Park, lasting from 8:00 - 10:00 PM. Friday is White Day, when students wear red and white or Austin Packers apparel. There is a pep fest in Ove Berven gym; the winner of the Battle of the Connects is announced, first the class with the highest number of points the Connect in each grade with the highest number of points. Friday night is the Homecoming game held at Wescott Field at 7:00 PM. On Saturday night, there is a Homecoming dance held in Hastings gym. Dance Team Cheer Team Gymnastics Softball Basketball Soccer Tennis Golf Wrestling Hockey Bowling Cross Country Track and Field Swimming/Diving Football Baseball Clay Target Shooting Austin is a member of the Big Nine athletic conference, with Albert Lea as its mai
Jay C. Hormel Nature Center
The Jay C. Hormel Nature Center is a municipal nature preserve on the north-eastern corner of Austin, comprising more than 500 acres of restored and remnant prairie, hardwood forest and meandering streams. Purchased with municipal and private donations, the nature center is administered by the Austin municipal government through the Parks and Recreation Department. Named in honor of Jay Catherwood Hormel, the son of Hormel Foods Corporation founder George A. Hormel, his private estate forms the original land of the park. Jay C. Hormel Nature Center features an Interpretive Center, the Ruby Rupner Auditorium, the "big gneiss rock", a Welcome Circle and over ten miles of hiking trails. Along the trails, visitors will find a number of wooden bridges, covered benches and an observation tower that affords a panoramic view of many acres of prairie and forest. Depending on the time of year, a great variety of wildlife can be viewed at the nature center, including white-tailed deer, salamanders and many species of birds and butterflies.
The Jay C. Hormel Nature Center has over 10 mi of hiking trails throughout the more than 500 acres of preserve; the trails are opened year-round. The Interpretive Center features interactive exhibits, with live animals, touch tables, mounted animals, nature puzzles and games, a preschool play area and a children's library. Hands-on structured environmental education programs are offered to all ages, with an emphasis at grades K through 6; the nature center's primary focus is education, teaching students of many ages to respect and enjoy the outdoors. Jay C. Hormel Nature Center offers equipment rental during the winter months. During the summer and kayaks may be rented and visitors can paddle on the pond in the nature center, or down Dobbins Creek to East Side Lake. Winter rentals include cross-country snowshoes. Winter season rentals are dependent on snow conditions; the nature center's history is: 1927 - Jay Catherwood Hormel plants the first of more than 200,000 trees in what will become the future Nature Center.
1971 - The City of Austin acquires 123 acres of land around the Hormel estate. 1975 - U. S. Senator Hubert Humphrey speaks at the dedication of the Visitor Center. 1985 - A 125-ton gneiss rock, a glacial erratic, is moved to the Nature Center. 1994 - The Ruby Rupner Auditorium is dedicated. 2013 - Plans announced for a new Interpretive Center building. 2016 - Groundbreaking held for the new Interpretive Center building. Jay C. Hormel Nature Center - official site
The Spam Museum is an admission-free museum in Austin, Minnesota dedicated to Spam, a brand of canned precooked meat products made by Hormel Foods Corporation. The museum tells the history of the Hormel company, the origin of Spam, its place in world culture; the Spam Museum originated in 1991 as the Hormel Foods First Century Museum, when Hormel opened a small storefront company museum in celebration of the company's 100 year anniversary. Located in Austin's Oak Park Mall, Hormel re-branded it as the Spam Museum. A much-larger Spam-focused museum opened in September 2001; the 16,500-square foot space included a theater, historical displays, family activities and games, a gift shop. The lobby of the museum featured a wall of Spam with more than 3,300 Spam cans and, for many years, the theatre showed a short film entitled "SPAM: A Love Story." In late 2014, the museum temporarily closed. The museum re-opened on 22 April 2016 at its new location at 101 3rd Ave NE; the location in downtown Austin is 14,000 square feet in size and comprises seven main galleries.
These include Can Central, "the heart of the museum". Many of the exhibits include games, interactive videos, hands-on activities; the Spam Shop offers hundreds of Spam-branded gifts. Volunteer guides - known as Spambassadors - offer visitors small bits of Spam on a toothpick or pretzel stick known as Spamples. Hormel Historic Home - Museum and historic home in Austin focusing on the Hormel family Official Website of the Spam Museum Austin Convention & Visitors Bureau
The Selma Times-Journal is a six-day-a-week newspaper located in Selma, Alabama. It publishes every day of the week except Monday, it is owned by Tuscaloosa, Alabama-based Boone Newspapers Inc. The paper was founded as the Selma Courier on November 1827, by Thomas Jefferson Frow; the newspaper was known by various names, including the Selma Free Press, Selma Reporter, Selma Daily News. During the American Civil War, the newspaper's press was torched by Union Army troops following the Battle of Selma; the paper merged with the weekly Selma Messenger to form the Times Messenger. The paper merged with the Selma Argus, with the Selma Evening Mail. In 1889, the paper changed its name to the Morning Times. In 1914, Frazier Titus Raiford purchased the Selma Times, on March 1, 1920, the paper merged with the Selma Journal to become the Selma Times-Journal. Frazier Titus Raiford and his wife Mary Howard Raiford served as editors and publishers until Frazier died in 1936. Mary Raiford—Alabama's only female publisher—then ran the paper by herself for 23 years.
In 1923, the paper editorialized against the Ku Klux Klan, writing, "Selma has no room within her confines for that ugly, malevolent institution of the devil known as Ku Kluxism." In the 1920s, the paper denounced James Thomas Heflin and his anti-Catholic demagoguery. In the 1930 election for governor, the paper denounced supported the candidacy of Judge Benjamin M. Miller, "a noted foe of lynching and the Klan" and a supporter of Democratic presidential nominee Al Smith. During the civil rights movement, the Times-Journal attempted to provide balanced reporting, unlike many other Southern newspapers of the era; the paper did publish "advertisements from the local White Citizens' Councils that included veiled threats and... Other advertisements purportedly showing Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. at a communist training session." The paper provided meaningful coverage of the Selma to Montgomery marches. Journalists Gene Roberts and Hank Klibanoff, in their book The Race Beat: The Press, the Civil Rights Struggle, the Awakening of a Nation, wrote: "Selma had something most other venues of civil rights activity did not: a local newspaper that visiting reporters could depend on.
The Selma Times-Journal saw the historic importance of the story and took its responsibility providing detailed accounts that reporters found reliable."Kathryn Tucker Windham, a writer and storyteller, was a journalist and photographer with the Times-Journal in the mid-20th century, writing the column "Around our House" from 1950 to 1966. Official website Today's Selma Times-Journal front page at the Newseum website
Duluth News Tribune
The Duluth News Tribune is a newspaper based in Duluth, Minnesota. While circulation is heaviest in the Twin Ports metropolitan area, delivery extends into northeastern Minnesota, northwestern Wisconsin, Michigan's Upper Peninsula; the paper has a limited distribution in Ontario. The News Tribune has been owned by Forum Communications since 2006; the present incarnation of the Duluth News Tribune is the outcome of the merger and takeover of several earlier publications. Duluth's first weekly newspaper, The Duluth Minnesotian, was first published by Dr. Thomas Preston Foster, an editor of the St. Paul Minnesotian, on April 24, 1869. After a year of The Duluth Minnesotian publishing unfavorable articles about city services and local politics, Duluth's Mayor Joshua Carter and local investor Jay Cooke invited the owner of Superior, Wisconsin's Superior Tribune to move his paper across the canal to Duluth; this owner, Robert C. Mitchell, published the renamed Duluth Tribune on May 4, 1870; the Duluth Tribune was soon renamed the Duluth Daily Tribune.
Meanwhile, The Duluth Minnesotian merged with another local newspaper, the Duluth Weekly Herald, to become The Duluth Minnesotian-Herald in 1875. Dropping "Minnesotian" to become an evening paper,The Duluth Herald; the first News-Tribune was created as a result of the merger of the Duluth Tribune and another daily paper, the Duluth News in 1892. In 1929, this morning paper was purchased by The Duluth Herald. Ridder Publications renamed Knight Ridder Inc. bought both papers in 1936. The pair were merged in 1982 to form the News-Tribune & Herald, shortened to Duluth News-Tribune in 1988. In 2000, the hyphen was omitted. In 2006, The McClatchy Company purchased Knight Ridder Inc. acquiring the Duluth News Tribune in the process. The McClatchy Company decided to sell 12 of Knight Ridder's 32 daily newspapers, including the Duluth News Tribune and Minneapolis' Star Tribune, due to a company acquisition philosophy limiting purchases to "newspapers in fast-growing markets." Forum Communications, a Fargo-based media firm, announced the purchase of the News Tribune on June 7, 2006.
Forum Communications publishes a number of newspapers in the region, including The Forum of Fargo-Moorhead and the Grand Forks Herald. Chris Monroe – cartoonist of weekly comic strip Violet Days John L. Morrison – reporter at Duluth Evening Herald and labor department editor at Duluth News Tribune Robert Ridder – reporter at Tribune a director of Knight Ridder media Robin Washington – journalist and Duluth News Tribune executive editor from 2010-2014 Official website
Paramount Theater (Austin, Minnesota)
The Paramount Theatre is located at 125 4th Avenue NE, Austin in the U. S. state of Minnesota. The theater was built by Wagner Construction as an atmospheric theatre in 1929 to great fanfare, being the by first movie palace in Austin accommodating 914 seats with a small stage and orchestra pit; the theatre was designed by the firm of Ellerbe & Company and built on the foundations of the Park Theatre, destroyed by a tornado in 1928. Atmospheric design elements depict a quaint Spanish Villa under the stars; the lobby ceiling was painted with figures of dogs, winged creatures, Spanish designs and the exterior architecture is Spanish Baroque. The Paramount hosted both movies and live shows in the 1940s. In 1929, movie tickets were 50 cents for adults, it served the town as a first-run movie theatre until it closed in 1975, the genre being quashed by television and mall cinemas. The last movie shown was The Godfather Part II. In 1992 the Austin Area Commission for the Arts was formed to purchase and restore the building to its historic grandeur.
Volunteers and donors, with the assistance of the Minnesota Historical Society repaired plaster and masonry and replaced the seats. A stone spire, hit by lightning in the 1940s was repaired. Precision Signs LLC of Austin, Minnesota recreated the original marquee from historical photos. Now seating 622, this is one of only four such theaters in the state to be used as a theater. With a full year-long events calendar, the site hosts over 30 performing arts events each year and weekly movies as well. Key partners are Matchbox Children's Theatre, Northwestern Singers, Austin Symphony Orchestra, World Music Series and the Minnesota Music Coalition's Carvan du Nord. Official website