Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws; the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play is mandated. Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots -- a dunk, it is a violation to lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling.
The five players on each side at a time fall into five playing positions: the tallest player is the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a shorter but more agile big man is the small forward, the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard and the point guard, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays. Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, one-on-one. Invented in 1891 by Canadian-American gym teacher James Naismith in Springfield, United States, basketball has evolved to become one of the world's most popular and viewed sports; the National Basketball Association is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries and level of competition. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague and FIBA Americas League; the FIBA Basketball World Cup and Men's Olympic Basketball Tournament are the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world.
Each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams, like FIBA AmeriCup. The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup and Women's Olympic Basketball Tournament feature top national teams from continental championships; the main North American league is the WNBA, whereas strongest European clubs participate in the EuroLeague Women. In early December 1891, Canadian James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School in Springfield, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day, he sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters. After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored.
Basketball was played with a soccer ball. These round balls from "association football" were made, at the time, with a set of laces to close off the hole needed for inserting the inflatable bladder after the other sewn-together segments of the ball's cover had been flipped outside-in; these laces could dribbling to be unpredictable. A lace-free ball construction method was invented, this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith; the first balls made for basketball were brown, it was only in the late 1950s that Tony Hinkle, searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball, now in common use. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement. Dribbling was introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. Dribbling was common by 1896, with a rule against the double dribble by 1898; the peach baskets were used until 1906 when they were replaced by metal hoops with backboards.
A further change was soon made, so the ball passed through. Whenever a person got the ball in the basket, his team would gain a point. Whichever team got; the baskets were nailed to the mezzanine balcony of the playing court, but this proved impractical when spectators in the balcony began to interfere with shots. The backboard was introduced to prevent this interference. Naismith's handwritten diaries, discovered by his granddaughter in early 2006, indicate that he was nervous about the new game he had invented, which incorporated rules from a children's game called duck on a rock, as many had failed before it. Frank Mahan, one of the players from the original
College basketball today is governed by collegiate athletic bodies including the United States's National Collegiate Athletic Association, the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics, the United States Collegiate Athletic Association, the National Junior College Athletic Association, the National Christian College Athletic Association. Governing bodies in Canada include the Canadian Collegiate Athletic Association; each of these various organizations are subdivided into from one to three divisions based on the number and level of scholarships that may be provided to the athletes. Each organization has different conferences to divide up the teams into groups. Teams are selected into these conferences depending on the location of the schools; these conferences are put in due to the regional play of the teams and to have a structural schedule for each to team to play for the upcoming year. During conference play the teams are ranked not only through the entire NCAA, but the conference as well in which they have tournament play leading into the NCAA tournament.
The history of basketball can be traced back to a YMCA International Training School, known today as Springfield College, located in Springfield, Massachusetts. The sport was created by a physical education teacher named James Naismith, who in the winter of 1891 was given the task of creating a game that would keep track athletes in shape and that would prevent them from getting hurt; the date of the first formal basketball game played at the Springfield YMCA Training School under Naismith's rules is given as December 21, 1891. Basketball began to be played at some college campuses by 1893; the first known college to field a basketball team against an outside opponent was Vanderbilt University, which played against the local YMCA in Nashville, Tennessee, on February 7, 1893. The second recorded instance of an organized college basketball game was Geneva College's game against the New Brighton YMCA on April 8, 1893, in Beaver Falls, which Geneva won 3–0; the first recorded game between two college teams occurred on February 9, 1895, when Hamline University faced Minnesota A&M. Minnesota A&M won the game, played under rules allowing nine players per side, 9–3.
The first intercollegiate match using the modern rule of five players per side is credited as a game between the University of Chicago and the University of Iowa, in Iowa City, Iowa, on January 18, 1896. The Chicago team won the game 15-12, under the coaching of Amos Alonzo Stagg, who had learned the game from James Naismith at the Springfield YMCA. However, some sources state the first "true" five-on-five intercollegiate match was a game in 1897 between Yale and Penn, because although the Iowa team that played Chicago in 1896 was composed of University of Iowa students, it did not represent the university, rather it was organized through a YMCA. By 1900, the game of basketball had spread to colleges across the country; the Amateur Athletic Union's annual U. S. national championship tournament featured collegiate teams playing against non-college teams. Four colleges won the AAU tournament championship: NYU, Butler and Washburn. College teams were runners-up in 1915, 1917, 1920, 1921, 1932 and 1934.
The first known tournament featuring college teams was the 1904 Summer Olympics, where basketball was a demonstration sport, a collegiate championship tournament was held. The Olympic title was won by Hiram College. In March 1908, a two-game "championship series" was organized between the University of Chicago and Penn, with games played in Philadelphia and Bartlett, Illinois. Chicago swept both games to win the series. In March 1922, the 1922 National Intercollegiate Basketball Tournament was held in Indianapolis – the first stand-alone post-season tournament for college teams; the champions of six major conferences participated: Pacific Coast Conference, Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association, Western Pennsylvania League, Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference, Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association and Indiana Intercollegiate Athletic Association. The Western Conference and Eastern Intercollegiate League declined invitations to participate. Wabash College won the 1922 tournament.
The first organization to tout a occurring national collegiate championship was the NAIA in 1937, although it was surpassed in prestige by the National Invitation Tournament, or NIT, which brought six teams to New York's Madison Square Garden in the spring of 1938. Temple defeated Colorado in the first NIT tournament championship game, 60–36. In 1939, another national tournament was implemented by the National Collegiate Athletic Association; the location of the NCAA Tournament varied from year to year, it soon used multiple locations each year, so more fans could see games without traveling to New York. Although the NIT was created earlier and was more prestigious than the NCAA for many years, it lost popularity and status to the NCAA Tournament. In 1950, following a double win by the 1949–50 CCNY Beavers men's basketball team, the NCAA ruled that no team could compete in both tournaments, indicated that a team eligible for the NCAA tournament should play in it. Not long afterward, assisted by the 1951 scandals based in New York City, the NCAA tournament had become more prestigious than before, with conference champions and the majority of top-ranked teams competing there.
The NCAA tournament overtook the NIT by 1960. Through the 1960s and 1970s, with UCLA leading the way as winner
LBA Finals MVP
The Lega Basket Serie A Finals Most Valuable Player is an annual award given by the 1st-tier of Italian professional basketball, the Lega Basket Serie A. It has been awarded since the 2003–04 season to the league's most valuable player in the league's deciding Finals series of the playoffs. Player nationalities by national team. Lega Basket Serie A MVP Lega Basket Serie A awards
Woodbridge High School (Irvine, California)
Woodbridge High School is a public high school located in Irvine, United States, serving grades 9-12. Woodbridge is in the Irvine Unified School District. Founded in 1980, it has an approximate enrollment of 2,384 students. Woodbridge has many athletic teams; the school has a competitive marching band and an orchestra. In addition, Woodbridge High School's Academic Decathlon team is competitive at the state level, ranking in the top 10 in 2013 and 2017. Woodbridge High School was built with intentions of having it become a shopping center if student enrollment was low, as Principal Tom Nelson said in the fall of 2003. Greg Cops was the founding principal and retired in 2002; the current administrative staff as of 2017 includes principal Christopher Krebs and assistant principals Alicia Foulk, Carlene McCurry, Scott Sodorff. Woodbridge is undergoing many improvements and renovations. A recent example is the new Aquatic Center which contains a 50 meter by 25 yard swimming pool, portable bleachers, restroom facilities and locker rooms.
Of note, the 1989 movie Gleaming the Cube starring Christian Slater was filmed at Woodbridge High School. Woodbridge offers a strong array of extracurricular academic organizations and hosts an annual Academic Teams Banquet; the Woodbridge High Entertainment Corps represented the state of California in 2010 in the Field Show International competition held in Washington D. C. taking first place in the Nation. The school's percussion ensemble is considered one of the best in the nation. In 2012 the ensemble swept the World Championships in the concert division with a record setting score of 99.6 out of 100. The school's chapter of the National Junior Classical League is one of the top in the nation. Woodbridge hosts an annual Certamen invitational and hosts Southern California Regional Amici Madness and the California Junior Classical League Convention. Multiple Woodbridge students have served as officers at the state and national levels of JCL; the Academic Decathlon team is one of the most prestigious academic teams at Woodbridge High School.
In 2017, they won the Orange Country Academic Decathlon and did it again in 2018. The Academic Decathlon team reached the state finals of the California Academic Decathlon in 2006, 2007, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, it was ranked as 1st in Division III in 2012, 8th in Division I in 2013, 1st in Division II in 2014, 2nd in Division II in 2016, 9th in Division I in 2017 among around 70 schools competing at the state level every year. The robotics team competes in the FIRST Tech Challenge as the 9040 STEAMpunks; the STEAMpunks engage in outreach activities to local elementary and middle schools, such as Springbrook Elementary School, Stone Creek Elementary School, Lakeside Middle School. Woodbridge High School boasted a nationally competitive FIRST Robotics Competition Team under the name of 1047 Echoes, but died down due to a series of financial cuts and declining participation; the Model United Nations team has won many significant awards. The Woodbridge MUN team has competed in numerous local high college conferences as well.
It is in the planning stages for its own conference, which will be the first conference that Woodbridge has hosted. Woodbridge sponsors National History Day, Mock Trial, Science Bowl, Ocean Sciences Bowl, competitive basket-weaving, Science Olympiad, FIRST Robotics Teams. In January 2012 the Science Bowl team won first place at the JPL regional competition and went on to compete nationally in Washington DC that April. Woodbridge High School offers a variety of athletic teamsFall Sports: Golf, Cross Country, Tennis, Water Polo, Color guard, Inline Hockey Winter Sports: Basketball, Water Polo, Color guard, Inline Hockey Spring Sports: Lacrosse, Baseball, Swimming, Golf, Color guard, Inline Hockey Woodbridge High School has competitive dance and cheerleading teams that practice all year long. WHS offers a variety of programs in the Arts. Performing arts include vocal music, instrumental music, theater; the Woodbridge High School Music Program includes Orchestra, Band and more, led by Joslynne Blasdel and Brad Harris.
The Vocal Music Department is led by Rob Blaney. They have won many competitions over the years. In 2016, the Percussion Ensemble garnered a silver medal at the WGI World Championships in Dayton, Ohio. In 2016, Woodbridge High School named the National Grammy Signature School. Additionally, WHS offers a range including ceramics and photography. There is a film production program, a part of FilmEd* Academy of the Arts; the Theatre program produces multiple shows per year and goes to several festivals all led by Thespian Cassandra Gaona. High school diploma requirements English: 4 years Mathematics: 2 years Science: 2 years World Studies: 1 year U. S. History: 1 year Political Science: 1/2 year Economics: 1/2 year Fine art or foreign language: 1 year Health: 1/2 year Physical Education: 2 years Elective: 70 Credits as 7 full year classes Passage of California High School Exit Exam 4 year college requirements English: 4 years Mathematics (Must comple
2011 NBA lockout
The 2011 NBA lockout was the fourth lockout in the history of the National Basketball Association. The owners began the work stoppage upon expiration of the 2005 collective bargaining agreement; the 161-day lockout began on July 1, 2011 and ended on December 8, 2011. It delayed the start of the 2011–12 regular season from November 1 to December 25, it reduced the regular season from 82 to 66 games; the previous lockout in 1998–99 had shortened the season to 50 games. During the lockout, teams could not sign or contact players. Players could not access NBA team facilities, trainers, or staffs. Negotiations between the owners led by commissioner David Stern, the players, led by director Billy Hunter and president Derek Fisher of the labor union National Basketball Players Association, began in early 2011 and continued through November; the main issues dividing both sides were the division of revenue, the structure of the salary cap and luxury tax. Owners proposed to reduce the players' share of basketball related income from 57% to 47%, but the players countered with 53% of BRI.
Owners wanted to implement a hard salary cap and a harsher luxury tax, hoping to increase competition among teams, whereas players wanted to keep the current soft salary cap structure intact. As both sides failed to reach an agreement, the NBA canceled the preseason and all games through December. On November 14, the players dissolved the union, allowing them to file antitrust lawsuits against the league. On November 26, both sides reached a tentative agreement to end the lockout; the new CBA calls for a revenue split of 49-to-51.2% and a flexible salary cap structure with harsher luxury tax. After the tentative deal was reached, owners allowed players to have voluntary workouts at team sites starting December 1. After the deal was ratified on December 8, training camps and free agency began the next day. During the lockout, some players signed contracts to play in other countries in Europe and Asia, with most of them having the option to return upon the lockout's conclusion; the lockout affected the economy due to NBA cities losing revenue generated by games as well as television networks losing ratings and advertisement revenue.
July 1, 2011: The lockout begins. September 23, 2011: The NBA canceled training camp, to begin October 3, the first week of preseason games, which were to run October 9 through 15. October 4, 2011: The NBA canceled the remainder of the preseason. October 10, 2011: The first two weeks of the regular season canceled. October 18, 2011: All games through November 30 canceled. November 14, 2011: The NBPA dissolves labor union into a trade association. November 15, 2011: The NBA canceled all games through December 15. Players filed antitrust lawsuits against the NBA in New Mexico federal courts. November 26, 2011: The NBA owners and players reached a tentative agreement to end the lockout. December 1, 2011: The NBPA re-formed as a union. December 8, 2011: The new CBA is ratified ending the lockout. December 25, 2011: NBA season begins. After the previous lockout, which shortened the 1998–99 season from 82 to 50 games, a six-year deal between the owners, led by commissioner David Stern, the players, led by director Billy Hunter and president Patrick Ewing of the labor union National Basketball Players Association, was reached.
As the CBA was set to expire on June 30, 2005, the two sides began to negotiate in early 2005. There were several issues obstructing the new agreement, which included adding an age limit for rookies, toughening the existing drug-testing program and limiting the length of long-term contracts. However, negotiations went smoothly and the two sides were able to reach a deal in June 2005, avoiding the lockout; that deal guaranteed players 57 percent of basketball-related income and lasted for six years, until June 30, 2011. A year after signing the deal, eight owners signed a petition requesting Stern address the disparity between small-market and large-market teams, they wrote that "the hard truth is that our current economic system works only for larger-market teams and a few teams that have extraordinary success... The rest of us are looking at significant and unacceptable annual financial losses."Derek Fisher succeeded Ewing as NBPA president in 2006. In early 2011, negotiations on a new CBA began.
The league claimed that it was losing $300 million a year and proposed to reduce 40% of players' salary and institute a hard salary cap as opposed to a soft cap in use. The union disputed those steadfastly opposed those changes. Hunter said. In May 2011, the NBPA filed a complaint with the National Labor Relations Board, accusing the league of negotiating in bad faith by failing to provide critical financial data to the union and threatening to lock out players; the NBA rejected the complaint, saying that the league complies with federal labor laws. The union considered the option of decertification, which allows players to file an antitrust lawsuit against the NBA. With time winding down, negotiations continued in June. On the salary cap, the owners, in their newest proposal, call for a system called the "flex cap" that limits payroll at $62 million but penalizes teams if the teams payroll exceeds the league's average payroll of that season; the union argued. On salary reduction, players offered to cut $500 million over the next five years.
The owners instead proposed to cut $2 billion
Hapoel Jerusalem B.C.
Hapoel Jerusalem Basketball Club, for sponsorships reasons Hapoel Bank Yahav Jerusalem, is the premier professional basketball club of the City of Jerusalem and competes in the Basketball Champions League, Israeli Premier League, the Israeli State Cup. Hapoel has won several titles, including the ULEB Cup in 2004, the Israeli League championship in 2015 and 2017. In 2013, a new ownership group headed by Ori Allon took over, the club has since seen a remarkable advancement and expansion; the team began playing in the Jerusalem Arena in 2014. Hapoel Jerusalem Basketball Club was incorporated in 1943 in Jerusalem, it had its first appearance in the Premier League in 1955. Hapoel played in the first division most of the 1950s and 1960s, with notable players, such as David Kaminsky and Amir Berlinsky; the following two decades had ups and downs, as Hapoel toggled between the first and second divisions. In 1986, led by coach Simi Riger, the team advanced to the Premier League, after five consecutive years in the second division.
Since Hapoel has remained in the Premier league and become an important factor in the Israeli Basketball. In 1996 and 1997, Hapoel won the State Cup, defeating Maccabi Tel Aviv in the finals, at the Yad Eliyahu Arena; the team was led by Adi Gordon considered the team's symbol and one of its best players. In 2004, Hapoel Jerusalem won its first European title, the ULEB Cup, defeating Real Madrid in the final in Charleroi, Belgium. In that year, the other major European basketball competition, the EuroLeague, was won by Maccabi Electra Tel Aviv, making Israel the leading basketball nation in Europe and the Middle East for 2004. In 2005, Israeli-Russian billionaire Arcadi Gaydamak purchased a large stake in the club; as a result, the team got stronger and signed four American players with an NBA record – Tamar Slay, Horace Jenkins, Roger Mason, Mario Austin. The team signed Israeli star Meir Tapiro. In 2007, Hapoel won its third Israel State Cup. In early 2008 Hapoel came back from being 22 points down in the 4th quarter, to win its fourth State Cup, beating Maccabi Tel Aviv 93–89.
In late 2008 Hapoel won its first Israeli Basketball League Cup, beating Ironi Nahariya 84–69. In September 2009, oil tycoon Guma Aguiar joined Hapoel Jerusalem as the team's sponsor and helped clear the debts left by Gaydamak; this ensured. On October 8, 2009 Hapoel beat Maccabi Tel Aviv in the Winner Cup finals 86–80, winning the club's second cup in a row. One year after the mysterious disappearance of Guma Aguiar, a new ownership group headed by entrepreneur Ori Allon took over. Guy Harel succeeded Dani Klein as general manager. On November 19, 2013, The New York Times reported that Tom Maayan, an Israeli player for the Seton Hall Pirates, was forced to return to his homeland for army service; the Jerusalem basketball club picked him up, he now combines his service with playing professional basketball. In April 2014, the New York Post and The Wall Street Journal reported that six-time NBA All-Star Amar'e Stoudemire might join Hapoel after his contract with the New York Knicks expired at the end of the 2014–15 NBA season.
Stoudemire signed with the Dallas Mavericks to finish out his original contract that had expired with the Knicks at that time, went to the Miami Heat after his deal with the Mavericks expired. Once he decided to retire from the NBA in July 2016, he signed with Hapoel Jerusalem on August 1, 2016. On June 20, 2014 the club signed coach Danny Franco, who led Maccabi Haifa to the 2014 finals against current EuroLeague title-holder Maccabi Tel Aviv; that same day, the club signed season MVP Donta Smith. On June 25, 2014, the Executive Board of Euroleague Commercial Assets unanimously agreed to give Hapoel a wild-card to compete for a spot in the EuroLeague qualifications, they recognized that Hapoel was building as a promising club, with a new ownership group with great stability and a brand new 11,600-seat arena to be ready for the 2014–15 season. On June 25, 2015, Hapoel won the Israeli Championship for the first time in their history, after defeating Hapoel Eilat in the Final. On June 15, 2017 the club won the Israeli Championship for the second time after defeating Maccabi Haifa in the Israeli Final.
10% – The Amuta. 90% – An ownership group, headed by majority owner Ori Allon, including Eyal Chomsky, Shalom Menora, David Kleinhandler and Howard Wietschner. The new ownership group and corporate management is considered among the most professionally diverse sports ownership groups in the world, as it includes a software developer, who sold two software companies to Google and Twitter, an American and Israeli real estate and hi-tech businessman, the CEO of Israel's leading media group, a retired partner at Goldman Sachs. General manager: Guy Harel Sporting director: Yotam Halperin Head coach: Oded Kattash Assistant coaches: Jonathan Alon and Ryan Pannone Physiotherapists: Gadi Hadad and Yanai Barak Team doctor: Dr. Jonathan Maresky Orthopedist: Dr. Adi Fridman Brigade Malcha is the official fanclub for Hapoel Jerusalem B. C. In Malha Arena, the Brigade was located behind the south side basket. At the Jerusalem Arena, the Brigade is located in stands #1 and #12; the Brigade has close connections with the team itself, is consulted by management on instrumental decisions, such as changing the team logo, planning events with the community.
Since the founding of the club in 1943, Hapoel Jerusalem has developed a major rivalry with Tel Aviv's leading basketball club Maccabi FOX Tel Aviv. Throughout the years, many games between the two teams became a part of the'Hall of F
2009–10 NBA season
The 2009–10 NBA season was the 64th season of the National Basketball Association. The 1,230-game regular season began on Tuesday, October 27, 2009, ended on Wednesday, April 14, 2010; the 2009 NBA draft was held on June 25, 2009, Blake Griffin was selected first overall by the Los Angeles Clippers. The Dallas Mavericks hosted the 59th Annual All-Star Game at Cowboys Stadium in Arlington, Texas, on February 14, 2010. For the second time in NBA history, all eight Western Conference playoff teams won at least 50 games, only 7 wins separated the Western Conference #1 seed from #8 seed. Both of these events first occurred in 2008. Cleveland's league-leading 61 wins was the lowest win total to lead the league since the Indiana Pacers won 61 games in 2003–04; the New Jersey Nets became the fifth team in NBA history to lose 70 games in a season. On April 22, the Washington Wizards hired Flip Saunders as head coach, replacing interim head coach Ed Tapscott. On April 23, the Sacramento Kings fired interim head coach Kenny Natt and four assistant coaches after the Kings finished with a season-low 17 wins.
On May 11, the Philadelphia 76ers' interim head coach Tony DiLeo decided to withdraw his name from consideration as head coach for the 2009–10 season, citing family concerns. DiLeo retains his old position as Senior Vice President. On June 1, the Philadelphia 76ers hired Eddie Jordan as head coach. On June 9, the Sacramento Kings hired Paul Westphal as head coach. On June 17, the Minnesota Timberwolves fired interim head coach Kevin McHale, ending McHale's 15-year association with the franchise. On June 30, the Detroit Pistons fired head coach Michael Curry, after only one season at the position. On July 9, the Detroit Pistons hired Cavaliers assistant coach John Kuester as head coach. On August 10, the Minnesota Timberwolves hired Lakers assistant coach Kurt Rambis as head coach. On November 12, the New Orleans Hornets fired Byron Scott as head coach, replacing him on an interim basis with general manager Jeff Bower. On November 29, the New Jersey Nets fired Lawrence Frank as head coach, replacing him on an interim basis with assistant coach Tom Barrise.
On December 1, the New Jersey Nets appointed general manager Kiki Vandeweghe as an interim head coach, replacing Tom Barrise who coached the team for two games after Lawrence Frank was fired. On February 4, Los Angeles Clippers head coach Mike Dunleavy stepped down from coaching duties, he retained his position as the team's general manager. Assistant coach Kim Hughes replaced him as head coach on interim basis. June On June 10, 2009, one-time All-Star Game MVP Randy Smith died at the age of 60. On June 25, 2009, the 2009 NBA draft was held at New York City. Blake Griffin was selected first overall by the Los Angeles Clippers. July On July 7, 2009, the NBA announced that the salary cap for the 2009–10 season would be $57.70 million and would go into effect on July 8. September On September 1, 2009, the five-year contract between the NBA and its referees expired. Both parties had failed to negotiate a new contract by the start of the pre-season, resulting in a lockout by the National Basketball Referees Association starting on September 18.
On September 5, 2009, three-time NBA Champion Bruce Bowen retired after 12 seasons in the NBA, at the age of 38. On September 11, 2009, Charlotte Bobcats co-owner William Beck died in a plane crash, at the age of 49. On September 11, 2009, NBA legends Michael Jordan, John Stockton and David Robinson along with Utah Jazz coach Jerry Sloan were inducted to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. On September 16, 2009, Indiana Pacers co-owner Melvin Simon died at the age of 82. On September 24, 2009, Mikhail Prokhorov, who at the time was Russia's richest man according to Forbes magazine, reached a deal to become the majority owner of the New Jersey Nets and to fund nearly half the cost of building the Nets' new arena. On September 30, 2009, the NBA issued a policy regarding Twitter and other social media sites, banning players and other team basketball operations personnel from using them during games. October On October 1, the pre-season games started and were refereed by replacement referees from the Women's National Basketball Association and the NBA D-League due to the lockout of referees.
This marked the first time. On October 2, the NBA Board of Governors approved the expanded use of instant replay starting this season to determine whether a 24-second shot clock violation occurred during a play, to determine during the last two minutes of regulation play or any overtime period which player last touched the ball prior to it going out-of-bounds. On October 8, the NBA played its first-ever game in Taipei. A pre-season game between the Indiana Pacers and the Denver Nuggets was played at Taipei Arena. Taipei became the seventh Asian city to host an NBA game, after Beijing, Macau, Shanghai and Yokohama. On October 9, Marvin Fishman, one of the original owners of the Milwaukee Bucks, died at the age of 84. On October 23, the NBA and its referees announced that they have agreed on a new labor agreement for the next two seasons, thus ending the lockout of referees. On October 27, the regular season opened with a record of 83 international players on the opening night rosters, tying the records set in the 2006–07 season.
Israeli Omri Casspi, Swede Jonas Jerebko and Tanzanian Hasheem Thabeet were representing their countries for the first time in the NBA. The opening night rosters featured a record number of former D-League players with 63 players on 29 NBA teams. November On November 10, Hall of Famer coach Al Cervi died at the age of 92. On November 24, W