Darren Aronofsky is an American filmmaker and screenwriter, noted for his surreal and disturbing films. Aronofsky attended Harvard University, where he studied film and social anthropology, the American Film Institute where he studied directing, he won several film awards after completing his senior thesis film, Supermarket Sweep, which went on to become a National Student Academy Award finalist. Aronofsky's feature debut, the surrealist psychological thriller Pi, was shot in November 1997; the low-budget, $60,000 production, starring Sean Gullette, was sold to Artisan Entertainment for $1 million, grossed over $3 million. Aronofsky's followup, the psychological drama Requiem for a Dream, was based on the novel of the same name by Hubert Selby, Jr; the film garnered strong reviews and received an Academy Award nomination for Ellen Burstyn's performance. The film generated considerable controversy due to the graphic nature of several scenes, was released unrated. After writing the World War II horror film Below, Aronofsky began production on his third film, the romantic fantasy sci-fi drama The Fountain.
The film received mixed reviews and performed poorly at the box-office, but has since garnered a cult following. His fourth film, the sports drama The Wrestler, was released to critical acclaim and both of the film's stars, Mickey Rourke and Marisa Tomei, received Academy Award nominations. In 2010, Aronofsky was an executive producer on The Fighter and his fifth feature film, the psychological horror film Black Swan, received further critical acclaim and many accolades, being nominated for five Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director. Aronofsky received nominations for Best Director at the Golden Globes, a Directors Guild of America Award nomination for his work on Black Swan. Aronofsky's sixth film, the biblically inspired epic Noah, was released in 2014 becoming Aronofsky's first film to open at No.1 at box office. His seventh film, the psychological horror mother!, sparked controversy upon release due to its biblical allegories and depiction of violence, polarized audiences.
Aronofsky was born in the Brooklyn borough of New York City, New York, the son of teachers Charlotte and Abraham Aronofsky, grew up in the borough's Manhattan Beach neighborhood. He said he was "raised culturally Jewish, but there was little spiritual attendance in temple, it was a cultural thing—celebrating the holidays, knowing where you came from, knowing your history, having respect for what your people have been through." He graduated from Edward R. Murrow High School, he has one sister, who attended a professional ballet school through high school. His parents would take him to Broadway theatre performances, which sparked his keen interest in show business. During his youth, he trained as a field biologist with The School for Field Studies in Kenya in 1985 and Alaska in 1986, he attended school in Kenya to pursue an interest in learning about ungulates. He said, "he School for Field Studies changed the way I perceived the world". Aronofsky's interest in the outdoors led him to backpack his way through the Middle East.
In 1987, he entered Harvard University, where he majored in social anthropology and studied filmmaking. He became interested in film while attending Harvard after befriending Dan Schrecker, an aspiring animator, Sean Gullette, who would go on to star in Aronofsky's first film, Pi, his cinematic influences included Akira Kurosawa, Roman Polanski, Terry Gilliam, Shinya Tsukamoto, Hubert Selby, Jr. Spike Lee, Satoshi Kon, Jim Jarmusch. Aronofsky's senior thesis film, Supermarket Sweep, was a finalist in the 1991 Student Academy Awards. In 1992, Aronofsky received his MFA degree in directing from the AFI Conservatory, where his classmates included Todd Field, Doug Ellin, Scott Silver and Mark Waters, he won the institute's Franklin J. Schaffner Alumni Medal. Aronofsky's debut feature, titled Pi—sometimes stylized as π—was shot in November 1997; the film was financed in part from numerous $100 donations from friends and family. In return, he promised to pay each back $150 if the film made money, they would at least get screen credit if the film lost money.
Producing the film with an initial budget of $60,000, Aronofsky premiered Pi at the 1998 Sundance Film Festival, where he won the Best Director award. The film itself was nominated for a special Jury Award. Artisan Entertainment bought distribution rights for $1 million; the film was released to the public that year to critical acclaim and it grossed a total of $3,221,152 at the box-office. Pi was the first film to be made available for download on the Internet. Aronofsky followed his debut with Requiem for a Dream, a film based on Hubert Selby, Jr.'s novel of the same name. He was paid $50,000, worked for three years with nearly the same production team as his previous film. Following the financial breakout of Pi, he was capable of hiring established actors, including Ellen Burstyn and Jared Leto, received a budget of $3,500,000 to produce the film. Production of the film occurred over the period of one year, with the film being released in October 2000; the film went on to gross $7,390,108 worldwide.
Aronofsky received acclaim for his stylish direction, was nominated for another Independent Spirit Award, this time for Best Director. The film itself was nominated for five awards in total, winning two, for Best Actress and Cinematography. Clint Mansell's soundtrack for the film was well-regarded, since their first collaboration in 1
Film criticism is the analysis and evaluation of films and the film medium. The concept is used interchangeably with that of film reviews. A film review implies a recommendation aimed at consumers, however not all film criticism takes the form of reviews. In general, film criticism can be divided into two categories: journalistic criticism which appears in newspapers and other popular mass-media outlets. Academic film criticism takes the form of a review. Film was introduced in the late 19th century; the earliest artistic criticism of film emerged in the early 1900s. The first paper to serve as a critique of film came out of The Optical Lantern and Cinematograph Journal, followed by the Bioscope in 1908. Film is a new form of art, in comparison to music and painting which have existed since ancient times. Early writing on film sought to argue that films could be considered a form of art. In 1911, Ricciotto Canudo wrote a manifesto proclaiming cinema to be the "Sixth Art". For many decades after, film was still being treated with less prestige than longer-established art forms.
By the 1920s, critics were analyzing film for its value as more than just entertainment. The growing popularity of the medium caused major newspapers to start hiring film critics. In the 1930s, the film industry developed concepts of stardom and celebrity in relation to actors, which led to a rise in obsession with critics as well, to the point that they were seen on "red carpet" and at major events with the actors, it was in the 1940s. Essays analyzing films with a distinctive charm and style to persuade the reader of the critic's argument, it was the emergence of these styles that brought film criticism to the mainstream, gaining the attention of many popular magazines. As the decades passed, the fame for critics grew and gave rise to household names among the craft like James Agee, Andrew Sarris, Pauline Kael and in modern times Roger Ebert and Peter Travers. Film critics working for newspapers, broadcast media, online publications review new releases, although review older films. An important task for these reviews is to inform readers on whether or not they would want to see the film.
A film review will explain the premise of the film before discussing its merits. The verdict is summarised with a form of rating. Numerous rating systems exist, such as 5 - or academic-style grades and pictograms; some well-known journalistic critics have included: James Agee. Roger Ebert and Gene Siskel popularised the concept of reviewing films in a television format in the show Siskel & Ebert At the Movies which became syndicated in the 1980s. Both critics had established their careers in print media, continued to write written reviews for their respective newspapers alongside their television show; some websites, such as Rotten Tomatoes and Metacritic, seek to improve the usefulness of film reviews by compiling them and assigning a score to each in order to gauge the general reception a film receives. Blogging has introduced opportunities for a new wave of amateur film critics to have their opinions heard; these review blogs may focus on one genre, director or actor, or encompass a much wider variety of films.
Friends, friends of friends, or strangers are able to visit these blogsites, can leave their own comments about the movie and/or the author's review. Although much less frequented than their professional counterparts, these sites can gather a following of like-minded people who look to specific bloggers for reviews as they have found that the critic exhibits an outlook similar to their own. YouTube has served as a platform for amateur film critics; some websites specialize in narrow aspects of film reviewing. For instance, there are sites that focus on specific content advisories for parents to judge a film's suitability for children. Others focus on a religious perspective. Still others highlight more esoteric subjects such as the depiction of science in fiction films. One such example is Insultingly Stupid Movie Physics by Intuitor; some online niche websites provide comprehensive coverage of the independent sector. They tend to offer uncompromising opinions free of any commercial interest, their film critics have an academic film background.
The Online Film Critics Society, an international professional association of Internet-based cinema reviewers, consists of writers from all over the world, while New York Film Critics Online members handle reviews in the New York tri-state area. A number of websites allow Internet users to submit movie reviews and aggregate them into an average. Community-driven review sites have allowed the common movie goer to express their opinion on films. Many of these sites allow users to rate films on a 0 to 10 scale, while some rely on the sta
Paul Edward Haggis is a Canadian screenwriter, film producer, director of film and television. He is best known as screenwriter and producer for consecutive Best Picture Oscar winners: Million Dollar Baby and Crash, the latter of which he directed. Haggis co-wrote the war film Flags of Our Fathers and the James Bond films Casino Royale and Quantum of Solace, he is the creator of the television series Due South and co-creator of Walker, Texas Ranger, among others. Haggis is a two-time Academy Award winner, two-time Emmy Award winner, seven-time Gemini Award winner, he assisted in the making of the "We Are the World 25 For Haiti" music video. Paul Edward Haggis was born in London, the son of Mary Yvonne and Ted Haggis, an Olympic sprinter, he considered himself an atheist in early adulthood. The Gallery Theatre in London was owned by his parents, Haggis gained experience in the field through work at the theatre. Haggis attended St. Thomas More Elementary School, after being inspired by Alfred Hitchcock and Jean-Luc Godard, proceeded to study art at H. B. Beal Secondary School.
After viewing Michelangelo Antonioni's 1966 film Blowup, he traveled to England with the intent of becoming a fashion photographer. Haggis returned to Canada to pursue studies in cinematography at Fanshawe College. In 1975, Haggis moved to Los Angeles, California, to begin a career in writing in the entertainment industry. Haggis began to work as a writer for television programs, including The Love Boat, One Day at a Time, Diff'rent Strokes, The Facts of Life. With The Facts of Life, Haggis gained his first credit as producer. During the 1980s and 1990s, Haggis wrote for television series including thirtysomething, The Tracey Ullman Show, FM, Due South, L. A. Law, EZ Streets, he helped to create the television series Texas Ranger. Haggis served as executive producer of the series Michael Family Law, he gained recognition in the film industry for his work on the 2004 film Million Dollar Baby, which Allmovie described as a "serious milestone" for the writer/producer, as "his first high-profile foray into feature film".
Haggis had read two stories written by Jerry Boyd, a boxing trainer who wrote under the name of F. X. Toole. Haggis acquired the rights to the stories, developed them into the screenplay for Million Dollar Baby. Clint Eastwood portrayed the lead character in the film. Eastwood directed the film, used the screenplay written by Haggis. Million Dollar Baby received four Academy Awards including the Academy Award for Best Picture. After Million Dollar Baby, Haggis worked on the 2004 film Crash. Haggis came up with the story for the film on his own, wrote and directed the film, which allowed him greater control over his work. Crash was his first experience as director of a major feature film. Positive upon release, critical reception of Crash has since polarized, although Roger Ebert called it the best film of 2005. Crash received Academy Award nominations for Best Picture and Best Director, in addition to four other Academy Award nominations. Haggis received two Academy Awards for the film: Best Picture, Best Writing for his work on the screenplay.
With Million Dollar Baby and Crash, Haggis became the first individual to have written Best Picture Oscar-winners in two consecutive years. Haggis said that he wrote Crash to "bust liberals", arguing that his fellow liberals were not honest with themselves about the nature of race and racism because they believed that most racial problems had been resolved in American society. Haggis lives in California, he has three daughters from his first marriage to Diana Gettas and one son from his second marriage to Deborah Rennard. Haggis founded the non-profit organization Artists for Peace and Justice to assist impoverished youth in Haiti. In an interview with Dan Rather, Haggis mentions. On January 5, 2018, Haggis was accused of sexual misconduct including multiple rapes, he is facing a civil lawsuit over these allegations. Haggis has denied the allegations, claiming one of the accusers attempted to extort him for $9 million. Fellow Scientology defectors Leah Remini and Mike Rinder have defended him, suggesting that the Church of Scientology may be involved, an assertion both the accusers and the Church itself deny.
After maintaining active membership in the Church of Scientology for 35 years, Haggis left the organization in October 2009. He was motivated to leave Scientology in reaction to statements made by the San Diego branch of the Church of Scientology in support of Proposition 8, the ballot initiative which banned same-sex marriage in California. Haggis wrote to Thomas Davis, the Church's spokesman, requested that he denounce these statements. I refuse to consent." Haggis went on to list other grievances against Scientology, including its policy of disconnection, the smearing of its ex-members through the leaking of their personal details. The Observer commented on defections of Haggis and actor Jason Beghe from Scientology, "The decision of Beghe and Haggis to quit Scientology appears to have caused the movement its greatest recent PR difficulties, not least because of its dependence on Hollywood figures as both a source of revenue for its most expensive courses and an advertisement for the religion."In an interview with Movieline, Haggis was asked about similarities between his film The Next Three Days and his departure from the Scientology organization.
The Academy Awards known as the Oscars, are a set of awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry. Given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the awards are an international recognition of excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership; the various category winners are awarded a copy of a golden statuette called the "Academy Award of Merit", although more referred to by its nickname "Oscar". The award was sculpted by George Stanley from a design sketch by Cedric Gibbons. AMPAS first presented it in 1929 at a private dinner hosted by Douglas Fairbanks in the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel; the Academy Awards ceremony was first broadcast on radio in 1930 and televised for the first time in 1953. It is now seen live worldwide, its equivalents – the Emmy Awards for television, the Tony Awards for theater, the Grammy Awards for music – are modeled after the Academy Awards. The 91st Academy Awards ceremony, honoring the best films of 2018, was held on February 24, 2019, at the Dolby Theatre, in Los Angeles, California.
The ceremony was broadcast on ABC. A total of 3,072 Oscar statuettes have been awarded from the inception of the award through the 90th ceremony, it was the first ceremony since 1988 without a host. The first Academy Awards presentation was held on 16 May 1929, at a private dinner function at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel with an audience of about 270 people; the post-awards party was held at the Mayfair Hotel. The cost of guest tickets for that night's ceremony was $5. Fifteen statuettes were awarded, honoring artists and other participants in the film-making industry of the time, for their works during the 1927–28 period; the ceremony ran for 15 minutes. Winners were announced to media three months earlier; that was changed for the second ceremony in 1930. Since for the rest of the first decade, the results were given to newspapers for publication at 11:00 pm on the night of the awards; this method was used until an occasion when the Los Angeles Times announced the winners before the ceremony began.
The first Best Actor awarded was Emil Jannings, for his performances in The Last Command and The Way of All Flesh. He had to return to Europe before the ceremony, so the Academy agreed to give him the prize earlier. At that time, the winners were recognized for all of their work done in a certain category during the qualifying period. With the fourth ceremony, the system changed, professionals were honored for a specific performance in a single film. For the first six ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned two calendar years. At the 29th ceremony, held on 27 March 1957, the Best Foreign Language Film category was introduced; until foreign-language films had been honored with the Special Achievement Award. The 74th Academy Awards, held in 2002, presented the first Academy Award for Best Animated Feature. Since 1973, all Academy Awards ceremonies have ended with the Academy Award for Best Picture. Traditionally, the previous year's winner for Best Actor and Best Supporting Actor present the awards for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress, while the previous year's winner for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress present the awards for Best Actor and Best Supporting Actor.
See § Awards of Merit categories The best known award is the Academy Award of Merit, more popularly known as the Oscar statuette. Made of gold-plated bronze on a black metal base, it is 13.5 in tall, weighs 8.5 lb, depicts a knight rendered in Art Deco style holding a crusader's sword standing on a reel of film with five spokes. The five spokes represent the original branches of the Academy: Actors, Directors and Technicians; the model for the statuette is said to be Mexican actor Emilio "El Indio" Fernández. Sculptor George Stanley sculpted Cedric Gibbons' design; the statuettes presented at the initial ceremonies were gold-plated solid bronze. Within a few years the bronze was abandoned in favor of Britannia metal, a pewter-like alloy, plated in copper, nickel silver, 24-karat gold. Due to a metal shortage during World War II, Oscars were made of painted plaster for three years. Following the war, the Academy invited recipients to redeem the plaster figures for gold-plated metal ones; the only addition to the Oscar since it was created is a minor streamlining of the base.
The original Oscar mold was cast in 1928 at the C. W. Shumway & Sons Foundry in Batavia, which contributed to casting the molds for the Vince Lombardi Trophy and Emmy Award's statuettes. From 1983 to 2015 50 Oscars in a tin alloy with gold plating were made each year in Chicago by Illinois manufacturer R. S. Owens & Company, it would take between four weeks to manufacture 50 statuettes. In 2016, the Academy returned to bronze as the core metal of the statuettes, handing manufacturing duties to Walden, New York-based Polich Tallix Fine Art Foundry. While based on a digital scan of an original 1929 Oscar, the statuettes retain their modern-era dimensions and black pedestal. Cast in liquid bronze from 3D-printed ceramic molds and polished, they are electroplated in 24-karat gold by Brooklyn, New York–based Epner Technology; the time required to produce 50 such statuettes is three months. R. S. Owens i
There Will Be Blood
There Will Be Blood is a 2007 American drama film written and directed by Paul Thomas Anderson. It stars Paul Dano; the film was inspired by Upton Sinclair's novel Oil! It tells the story of a silver miner-turned-oilman on a ruthless quest for wealth during Southern California's oil boom of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Kevin J. O'Connor, Ciarán Hinds, Dillon Freasier are featured in the film; the film is regarded as the best film of the 2000s, as one of the greatest films of all time. There Will Be Blood was among the highest-ranking 21st century films in the British Film Institute's 2012 Sight & Sound polls, it was named the "Best Film of the 21st Century So Far" in 2017 by The New York Times, was ranked by the BBC in 2016 as the third-best film of the 21st century. Fast Food Nation writer Eric Schlosser acquired the rights for the film from the Sinclair estate before Anderson took over the project. Anderson wrote the script with Day-Lewis in mind for the role of Plainview. Principal photography began in June 2006 on a ranch in Marfa and took three months to complete.
Radiohead guitarist Jonny Greenwood composed the score for the film. The film was produced by Ghoulardi Film Company and distributed by Paramount Vantage and Miramax Films. There Will Be Blood grossed $76.2 million worldwide against its $25 million budget. The film received significant critical praise, with the performance of Day-Lewis as Daniel Plainview receiving widespread acclaim. Other qualities of the film, such as its cinematography and screenplay, were lauded and received numerous awards and nominations, it premiered at the Berlin International Film Festival, where it won the Silver Bear Award for Best Director and a Special Artistic Contribution Award for Greenwood's score. It appeared on many critics' "top ten" lists for the year, notably the American Film Institute, the National Society of Film Critics, the National Board of Review, the Los Angeles Film Critics Association. Day-Lewis won Oscar, BAFTA, Golden Globe, Screen Actors Guild, NYFCC and IFTA Best Actor awards for his performance, cementing his position as one of the most acclaimed actors of his generation.
At the 80th Academy Awards, the film was nominated for eight Oscars, including Best Picture and Best Director for Anderson. In 1898, Daniel Plainview, a prospector in New Mexico, mines a precious ore vein from a pit mine hole. After dynamiting the lode, he breaks his leg. With the silver sample, he climbs out of the mine, drags himself to an assay office, receives a silver and gold certificate claim. In 1902, he establishes a drilling company. After the death of a worker in an accident, Daniel adopts the man's orphaned son, he refers to the child, H. W. as his business partner, because he allows Daniel to present himself to potential investors as a family man. In 1911, Daniel is approached by a young man calling himself Paul Sunday, who tells him of an oil deposit under his family's property in Little Boston, California. Daniel attempts to buy the farm at a bargain price. However, Paul's apparent twin brother, demands $10,000 for the church, of which he is pastor. An agreement is made for $5,000 after the well begins producing, Daniel acquires all the available surrounding land, except for one holdout: William Bandy.
Oil production begins, but after an accident kills a worker and a gas blowout deafens H. W. Eli blames the disasters on the well not being properly blessed; when Eli demands the $5,000 that Daniel still owes, Daniel humiliates him. At the dinner table, Eli physically attacks his father for trusting Daniel. A man arrives at Daniel's doorstep claiming to be Henry. Daniel hires Henry and the two grow close. H. W. sets fire to their house. Angry, Daniel sends him away to a school for the deaf in San Francisco. A representative from Standard Oil offers to buy out Daniel's local interests, but Daniel strikes a deal with Union Oil and constructs a pipeline to the California coast, though the Bandy ranch remains an impediment. While reminiscing about his childhood, Daniel becomes suspicious about Henry's story and one night quizzes him about it at gunpoint. "Henry" confesses that he was a friend of the real Henry, who died from tuberculosis, that he learned the details of Henry's life by reading his personal journal.
In a fit of rage, Daniel buries his body. The next morning, Daniel is awakened by Bandy, who knows of the previous night's events and wants Daniel to repent. At the church, as part of Daniel's baptism, Eli humiliates him, strikes him, makes him confess to having abandoned his son, before announcing to the congregation that Daniel will be making a large donation to the church. With the pipeline underway, Daniel arranges for the still angry H. W. to return, while Eli leaves town for missionary work. In 1927, H. W. marries Mary and Paul's sister. Daniel, now wealthy but suffering from alcoholism, lives as a recluse in a large mansion. Through a sign language interpreter, H. W. asks Daniel to dissolve their partnership so that H. W. can establish his own oil company in Mexico. Daniel reacts brutally, mocks H. W.'s deafness, reveals H. W.'s true origins as an orphan. H. W. thanks God he leaves. Eli visits Daniel, hung over, in Daniel's private bowling alley. Eli, now a radio preacher, offers to sell Daniel drilling rights on the land of William Bandy, who has died.
Daniel agrees on the condition that Eli denounce his faith and hi
Hugo is a 2011 historical adventure drama film directed and produced by Martin Scorsese and adapted for the screen by John Logan. Based on Brian Selznick's book The Invention of Hugo Cabret, it tells the story of a boy who lives alone in the Gare Montparnasse railway station in Paris in the 1930s. Hugo is Scorsese's first film shot in 3D, of which the filmmaker remarked, "I found 3D to be interesting, because the actors were more upfront emotionally, their slightest move, their slightest intention is picked up much more precisely." The film was released in the United States on November 23, 2011. Hugo received critical acclaim and received 11 Academy Award nominations, more than any other film that year, won five awards: Best Cinematography, Best Art Direction, Best Sound Mixing, Best Sound Editing, Best Visual Effects, it was nominated for eight BAFTAs, winning two of the eight, was nominated for three Golden Globe awards, earning Scorsese his third Golden Globe Award for Best Director. Despite this, the film was a commercial failure, grossing $185 million against its $150–$170 million budget.
In 1931 Paris, 12-year-old Hugo Cabret lives with his widowed, clockmaker father, who works at a museum. Mr. Cabret finds a broken automaton - a mechanical man designed to write with a pen - at the museum, he and Hugo try to repair it, with Mr. Cabret documenting the automaton in a notebook; when his father dies, Hugo goes to live with his resentful, alcoholic uncle, is forced to maintain the clocks at the Gare Montparnasse railway station. When Claude goes missing for several days, Hugo continues maintaining the clocks, fearing that vindictive Station Inspector Gustave Dasté will send him away as an orphan if Claude's absence is discovered. Hugo attempts to repair the automaton with stolen parts, believing it contains a message from his father, but the machine requires a heart-shaped key that his father could not make before his death. Hugo is caught stealing from a toy store; the owner, looks through Hugo's father's notebook, takes it from Hugo, threatens to destroy it. Georges' goddaughter, offers to help Hugo get the notebook back.
As their friendship grows, he is astonished when Isabelle inadvertently reveals she wears the missing key as a necklace given to her by Georges. He shows her the automaton, when started now the machine draws out a scene that Hugo recognizes from his father's description of the film A Trip to the Moon. Isabelle identifies the signature, as her godfather, she sneaks Hugo into her home, where they find a hidden cache of more imaginative drawings of Méliès, but are caught by Georges, who banishes Hugo from his home. Hugo and Isabelle go to the Film Academy Library and find a book about the history of cinema that praises Méliès' contributions, they meet the book's author, René Tabard, a film expert, surprised to hear that Méliès might still be alive, as he had disappeared after World War I along with nearly all copies of his films. Excited at the chance to meet him, René agrees to meet Isabelle and Hugo at Georges' home to show his copy of A Trip to the Moon, hoping it will invigorate Georges; the next day, Hugo discovers that the key has somehow found its way onto the railway tracks in the station.
As he drops onto the track to retrieve it, he is run over by an uncontrollable train that smashes through the walls of the station. Hugo wakes up to discover. After noticing that a pocket watch hanging from the rafters of his home is missing, Hugo can still hear an ominous ticking emanating from him, he discovers he's been turned into the automaton, only for him to wake up again to discover that this was yet another nightmare and disturbingly symbolizing Hugo’s belief of all beings having a sole purpose in life. On the scheduled night, Georges' wife Jeanne tries to turn them away, but René compliments Jeanne as Jeanne d'Alcy, an actress in many of Méliès' films, she allows them to continue; as the film plays, Georges is woken by the sound of René's hand-cranked film projector, Jeanne convinces him to cherish his accomplishments rather than regret his lost dream. Georges recounts that as a stage magician, he had been fascinated by motion pictures, used the medium to create imaginative works through his Star Film Company, but was forced into bankruptcy following the war, closing his studio and selling his films to be turned into raw materials.
He laments that an automaton he made that he donated to a museum was lost. Hugo recognizes this is the same automaton he has, races to the station to retrieve it, he is caught by Gustave, who has learned that Claude's body was found some time ago, threatens to take Hugo to the orphanage. Hugo drops the automaton on the tracks, he is run over by a train like his dream, but Gustave saves him and the automaton. Georges tells Gustave that he will now see to Hugo, adopting him as his son; some time Georges is named a professor at the Film Academy, is paid tribute through a showcase of his films recovered by René. Hugo joins in with his new family as they celebrate at the apartment, where the guests include a mellower Gustave, he has a new leg brace, is in love with Lisette, a flower seller at the station. As the movie ends, Isabelle starts to write down Hugo's story and the automaton is shown in Hugo's new room, staring into space. Michael Pitt, Martin Scorsese, Brian Selznick have cameo roles. GK Films acquired the screen rights to The Invention of Hugo