The King of Kong
The King of Kong: A Fistful of Quarters is a 2007 American documentary film about competitive gaming directed by Seth Gordon. It follows Steve Wiebe in his attempts to take the high score record for the 1981 arcade game Donkey Kong from the previous holder, Billy Mitchell; the film premiered at the 2007 Slamdance Film Festival and was released in U. S. theaters in August 2007. It received positive reviews. Walter Day is the founder of Twin Galaxies, an organization dedicated to tracking high scores in arcade games. Among the high-scoring players is restaurateur Billy Mitchell, who has held the high score for the 1981 game Donkey Kong since 2004. In Redmond, out-of-work engineer Steve Wiebe has purchased a Donkey Kong cabinet to try to break the record. Using his mathematical knowledge to identify exploitable patterns in the game, Wiebe achieves a new record of 1,006,600 points – the first score over a million, he submits a tape to Twin Galaxies. Mitchell and Twin Galaxies send two referees to investigate Wiebe's machine.
They learn that the machine's circuit board was provided by Roy Shildt, a self-proclaimed fitness guru and pickup artist who claims the high score for Missile Command. Unbeknownst to Wiebe and Mitchell have been at odds for years after Mitchell questioned Shildt's high score, causing Twin Galaxies to disqualify it. Twin Galaxies suspects that Shildt may have tampered with Wiebe's board, does not recognize Wiebe's record. Wiebe travels to a tournament at Funspot in Laconia, New Hampshire, to attempt a live high score for high-ranking Twin Galaxies members. Wiebe challenges Mitchell to a Donkey Kong competition. Before a crowd, Wiebe reaches the kill screen, ending the game. However, contrary to his statements that videotaped scores carry less validity than scores achieved in public, Mitchell sends a low-quality VHS to Funspot depicting himself achieving a higher score of 1,047,200 points. Twin Galaxies proclaims Mitchell the record holder. Nine months Guinness World Records has decided to publish Twin Galaxies' records — including Mitchell's latest score – and hosts a tournament in Mitchell's hometown of Hollywood, Florida.
Wiebe again challenges Mitchell to a public competition. Wiebe fails to surpass the record, but afterward, Day acknowledges Wiebe's integrity and invites him to submit taped scores. At home, Wiebe achieves a new record of 1,049,100 in his garage. Steve Wiebe, the challenger Billy Mitchell, described in the film as "the world's best gamer" Walter Day, the founder of Twin Galaxies Robert Mruczek, the chief referee of Twin Galaxies Brian Kuh, friend of Billy Mitchell and Donkey Kong player Steve Sanders, friend of Billy Mitchell and Donkey Kong player Dwayne Richard, classic gaming World Champion Roy Shildt, Billy Mitchell's "nemesis" Todd Rogers Greg Bond, Mappy champion Doris Self, previous holder of the Q*bert record and title of oldest game champion Wiebe Family The King of Kong premiered January 22, 2007, at the Slamdance Film Festival and has been shown at the Newport Beach Film Festival, the Seattle International Film Festival, the SXSW Film Festival, the TriBeCa Film Festival, the True/False Film Festival, the Aspen Comedy Festival, the Fantasia Festival.
The film opened in limited release in the United States on August 17, 2007 in five theaters, by September 9, 2007, it had expanded to 39 theaters. The film's DVD release was on January 29, 2008. On Metacritic, The King of Kong has an average score of 83 out of 100, based on 23 reviews. On Rotten Tomatoes, it has a score of 97% based on 99 reviews. Robert Wilonsky of the Village Voice called the film a "miniature masterpiece" and in August 2007 said it was his favourite film of the year so far. Pete Vonder Haar of Film Threat gave the film five stars and said "It’s not just one of the best documentaries I’ve seen, it’s one of the best movies I’ve seen". Keith Phipps of The Onion AV Club gave the film an "A-" and said it was "a film about what it takes to make it in America." Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave the film three out of four stars, writing: "Who would have guessed that a documentary about gamers obsessed with scoring a world record at Donkey Kong would not only be roaringly funny but serve as a metaphor for the decline of Western civilization?"
Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three out of four and called it "a documentary, beyond strange." Critic Richard Roeper stated that the film "deserves an Oscar nomination for Best Documentary" in 2007 on At The Movies. Ann Hornaday of The Washington Post wrote: "Is there anything more tiresome than watching people play video games?" and "The competition is so vicious because the stakes are so low." Stephen Garrett of Time Out New York called it "moderately entertaining and kind of pathetic" and felt the early-1980s arcade subculture is explored in greater depth in the documentary Chasing Ghosts: Beyond the Arcade. The North Texas Film Critics Association named The King of Kong Best Documentary for 2007; the Boston Society of Film Critics named it the runner-up for Best Documentary Feature of 2007. It was nominated for Best Documentary Feature of 2007 by the Broadcast Film Critics Association; the film was nominated for Best Documentary Feature by the Chicago Film Critics Association, but lost to Sicko.
It appeared on several critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2007. On February 2, 2018, Twin Galaxies member Jeremy Young filed a complaint regarding several of Mitchell's records; the validity of Mitchell's August 7, 2010, high score, set at Boomers-Grand Prix Arcade, could not be determined. The referee who witnessed and certified the record was gamer Todd Rogers, w
Filmmaking is the process of making a film in the sense of films intended for extensive theatrical exhibition. Filmmaking involves a number of discrete stages including an initial story, idea, or commission, through screenwriting, shooting, sound recording and reproduction and screening the finished product before an audience that may result in a film release and exhibition. Filmmaking takes place in many places around the world in a range of economic and political contexts, using a variety of technologies and cinematic techniques, it involves a large number of people, can take from a few months to several years to complete. Film production consists of five major stages: Development: The first stage in which the ideas for the film are created, rights to books/plays are bought etc. and the screenplay is written. Financing for the project has to be obtained. Pre-production: Arrangements and preparations are made for the shoot, such as hiring cast and film crew, selecting locations and constructing sets.
Production: The raw footage and other elements for the film are recorded during the film shoot. Post-production: The images and visual effects of the recorded film are edited and combined into a finished product. Distribution: The completed film is distributed and screened in cinemas and/or released to home video. In this stage, the project producer selects a story, which may come from a book, another film, true story, video game, comic book, graphic novel, or an original idea, etc. After identifying a theme or underlying message, the producer works with writers to prepare a synopsis. Next they produce a step outline, which breaks the story down into one-paragraph scenes that concentrate on dramatic structure, they prepare a treatment, a 25-to-30-page description of the story, its mood, characters. This has little dialogue and stage direction, but contains drawings that help visualize key points. Another way is to produce a scriptment. Next, a screenwriter writes a screenplay over a period of several months.
The screenwriter may rewrite it several times to improve dramatization, structure, characters and overall style. However, producers skip the previous steps and develop submitted screenplays which investors and other interested parties assess through a process called script coverage. A film distributor may be contacted at an early stage to assess the market and potential financial success of the film. Hollywood distributors adopt a hard-headed no approach and consider factors such as the film genre, the target audience and assumed audience, the historical success of similar films, the actors who might appear in the film, potential directors. All these factors imply a certain appeal of the film to a possible audience. Not all films make a profit from the theatrical release alone, so film companies take DVD sales and worldwide distribution rights into account; the producer and screenwriter prepare a film pitch, or treatment, present it to potential financiers. They will pitch the film to actors and directors in order to "attach" them to the project.
Many projects fail to enter so-called development hell. If a pitch succeeds, a film receives a "green light", meaning someone offers financial backing: a major film studio, film council, or independent investor; the parties involved negotiate a sign contracts. Once all parties have met and the deal has been set, the film may proceed into the pre-production period. By this stage, the film should have a defined marketing strategy and target audience. Development of animated films differs in that it is the director who develops and pitches a story to an executive producer on the basis of rough storyboards, it is rare for a full-length screenplay to exist at that point in time. If the film is green-lighted for further development and pre-production a screenwriter is brought in to prepare the screenplay. Analogous to most any business venture, financing of a film project deals with the study of filmmaking as the management and procurement of investments, it includes the dynamics of assets that are required to fund the filmmaking and liabilities incurred during the filmmaking over the time period from early development through the management of profits and losses after distribution under conditions of different degrees of uncertainty and risk.
The practical aspects of filmmaking finance can be defined as the science of the money management of all phases involved in filmmaking. Film finance aims to price assets based on their risk level and their expected rate of return based upon anticipated profits and protection against losses. In pre-production, every step of creating the film is designed and planned; the production company is created and a production office established. The film is pre-visualized by the director, may be storyboarded with the help of illustrators and concept artists. A production budget is drawn up to plan expenditures for the film. For major productions, insurance is procured to protect against accidents; the nature of the film, the budget, determine the size and type of crew used during filmmaking. Many Hollywood blockbusters employ a cast and crew of hundreds, while a low-budget, independent film may be made by a skeleton crew of eight or nine; these are typical crew positions: Storyboard artist: creates visual images to help the director and production designer communicate their ideas to the production team.
Director: is primarily
Juno is a 2007 American independent coming of age teen comedy film directed by Jason Reitman and written by Diablo Cody. Ellen Page stars as the title character, an independent-minded teenager confronting an unplanned pregnancy and the subsequent events that put pressures of adult life onto her. Michael Cera, Jennifer Garner, Jason Bateman, Allison Janney and J. K. Simmons star. Filming spanned from early February to March 2007 in Vancouver, British Columbia, it premiered on September 8 at the 2007 Toronto International Film Festival, receiving a standing ovation. Juno won the Oscar for Best Original Screenplay and earned three other Oscar nominations, including Best Picture and Best Actress for Page; the film's soundtrack, featuring several songs performed by Kimya Dawson in various guises, was the first chart-topping soundtrack since Dreamgirls and 20th Century Fox's first number one soundtrack since Titanic. Juno earned back its initial budget of $6.5 million in twenty days, the first nineteen of which were when the film was in limited release.
It went on to earn $231 million worldwide. Juno received acclaim from critics, many of whom placed the film on their top ten lists for the year, it has received criticism and praise from members of both the anti-abortion and pro-choice communities regarding its treatment of abortion. Sixteen-year-old Minnesota high-schooler Juno MacGuff discovers she is pregnant by her friend and longtime admirer, Paulie Bleeker, she considers an abortion. Going to a local clinic run by a women's group, she encounters a schoolmate outside, holding a one-person protest for pro-life vigil. Once inside, however, a variety of factors lead Juno to leave, she decides to give the baby up for adoption instead. With the help of her friend Leah, Juno searches the ads in the Pennysaver and finds a couple she feels will provide a suitable home, she tells her father and stepmother, who offer their support. With Mac, Juno meets the couple and Vanessa Loring, in their expensive home and agrees to a closed adoption. Juno visits Mark a few times, with whom she shares tastes in punk horror films.
Mark, who has set aside his rock band youth, works at home composing commercial jingles. Juno and Leah happen to see Vanessa in a shopping mall being at ease with a child, Juno encourages Vanessa to talk to her baby in the womb, where it kicks for her; as the pregnancy progresses, Juno struggles with the emotions she feels for the baby's father, in love with Juno. Juno maintains an outwardly indifferent attitude toward him, but when she learns he has asked another girl to the upcoming prom, she angrily confronts him. Paulie reminds Juno that it is at her request they remain distant and tells her she broke his heart. Not long before her baby is due, Juno is again visiting Mark when their interaction becomes emotional. Mark tells her he will be leaving Vanessa to figure his life out. Juno is horrified by this revelation, with Mark asking Juno "How do you think of me?", revealing he is starting to develop feelings for her. Vanessa arrives home, Mark tells her he does not feel ready to be a father and there are still things he wants to do first.
Juno watches the Loring marriage fall apart drives away and breaks down in tears by the side of the road. Returning to the Lorings' home, she disappears as they answer the door. After a heartfelt discussion with her father, Juno accepts. Juno tells Paulie she loves him, Paulie's actions make it clear her feelings are much reciprocated. Not long after, Juno goes into labor and is rushed to the hospital, where she gives birth to a baby boy, she had deliberately not told Paulie because of his track meet. Seeing her missing from the stands, Paulie rushes to the hospital, finds Juno has given birth to their son, comforts Juno as she cries. Vanessa comes to the hospital. On the wall in the baby's new nursery, Vanessa has framed Juno's note, which reads: "Vanessa: If you're still in, I'm still in. —Juno." The film ends in the summertime with Juno and Paulie playing guitar and singing together, followed by a kiss. Along with Knocked Up and Waitress, two other 2007 films about women facing unplanned pregnancies, Juno was interpreted by some critics as having a pro-life theme.
Ann Hulbert of Slate magazine believed that Juno " both pro-life and pro-choice purism." Jeff Dawson of The Sunday Times believed that the film was placed in the "unwanted pregnancy subgenre" with Knocked Up and Waitress due to its subject matter but thought that its interpretation as a pro-life film only "muddied the waters". Hadley Freeman of The Guardian criticized Juno for "complet a hat-trick of American comedies in the past 12 months that present abortion as unreasonable, or unthinkable—a telling social sign", though she noted, "I don't believe any of these films is consciously designed to be anti-abortion propaganda." A. O. Scott, writing for The New York Times, agreed that Juno has "an underlying theme, a message, not anti-abortion but rather pro-adulthood." Ellen Page commented, "What I get most frustrated at is when people call it a pro-life movie, just absurd... The most important thing is the choice is there, the film demonstrates that." Cody and Page have stated that they are pro-choice.
He said that "Juno seems to be a mirror, people see themselves in it."Other critics labeled Juno as feminist because of its portrayal of Juno as a con
Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson referred to as P. T. Anderson or PTA, is an American filmmaker, his films have been nominated for 25 Academy Awards, winning three for cast and crew. An alumnus of the Sundance Institute, Anderson directed his first feature film, Hard Eight, in 1996, he achieved critical and commercial success with Boogie Nights, set during the Golden Age of Porn. His 2007 film There Will Be Blood, about an oil prospector during the Southern California oil boom, is cited as one of the best films of the 2000s. Anderson's other notable films include Magnolia, Punch-Drunk Love, The Master, Inherent Vice, Phantom Thread. Anderson was born on June 26, 1970, in Studio City, Los Angeles, to Edwina and Ernie Anderson. Ernie was an actor, the voice of ABC and a Cleveland television late-night horror movie host known as "Ghoulardi". Anderson grew up in the San Fernando Valley, he is third youngest of nine children, had a troubled relationship with his mother but was close with his father, who encouraged him to become a writer or director.
Anderson attended a number of schools, including Buckley in Sherman Oaks, John Thomas Dye School, Campbell Hall School, Cushing Academy, Montclair Prep. Anderson was involved in filmmaking from a young age and never had an alternative plan to directing films, he made his first film when he was eight years old and started making movies on a Betamax video camera that his dad bought in 1982 when he was 12 years old. He started using 8 mm film but realized that video was easier, he began writing in adolescence, at 17 years old he began experimenting with a Bolex sixteen millimeter camera. After years of experimenting with "standard fare", he wrote and filmed his first real production as a senior in high school at Montclair Prep using money he earned cleaning cages at a pet store; the film was a 30-minute mockumentary shot on video called The Dirk Diggler Story, about a pornography star. Anderson attended Santa Monica College before enrolling and spending two semesters as an English major at Emerson College where he was taught by David Foster Wallace, only two days at New York University before he began his career as a production assistant on television films, music videos and game shows in Los Angeles and New York City.
Feeling that the material shown to him at film school turned the experience into "homework or a chore", Anderson decided to make a 20-minute film that would be his "college". For $20,000, made up of gambling winnings, his girlfriend's credit card, money his father set aside for him for college, Anderson made Cigarettes & Coffee, a short film connecting multiple story lines with a twenty-dollar bill; the film was screened at the 1993 Sundance Festival Shorts Program. He decided to expand the film into a feature-length film and was subsequently invited to the 1994 Sundance Feature Film Program. At the Sundance Feature Film Program, Michael Caton-Jones served as Anderson's mentor. While at the Sundance Feature Film Program, Anderson had a deal with Rysher Entertainment to direct his first full-length feature, retitled Hard Eight. Upon completion of the film, Rysher re-edited it. Anderson, who still had the workprint of his original cut, submitted the film to the 1996 Cannes Film Festival, where it was accepted and screened in the Un Certain Regard section.
Anderson managed to get his version released but only after he retitled the film, raised the $200,000 necessary to finish it. Reilly contributed the funding; the version, released was Anderson's and the acclaim from the film launched his career. The story concerns Sydney Brown, an experienced gambler who takes John Finnegan under his wing, while John becomes romantically involved with a troubled waitress; the film featured Philip Seymour Hoffman as an arrogant gambler, beginning a five-film collaboration between the pair. In his review of the film, Chicago Sun-Times critic Roger Ebert wrote, "Movies like Hard Eight remind me of what original, compelling characters the movies can sometimes give us."Anderson began working on the script for his next feature film during his troubles with Hard Eight, completing the script in 1995. The result was Anderson's breakout for the drama film Boogie Nights, based on his short film The Dirk Diggler Story and is set in the Golden Age of Porn; the film follows a nightclub dishwasher who becomes a popular pornographic actor under his stage name Dirk Diggler.
The script was noticed by New Line Cinema's president, Michael De Luca, who felt "totally gaga" reading it. It was released on October 10, 1997 and was a critical and commercial success; the film revived the career of Burt Reynolds, provided breakout roles for Wahlberg and Julianne Moore. After the film's production, Reynolds refused to star in Anderson's third film Magnolia. At the 70th Academy Awards, the film was nominated for three Academy Awards, including for Best Supporting Actor, Best Supporting Actress and Best Original Screenplay. After the success of Boogie Nights, New Line told Anderson that he could do whatever he wanted for his next film and granted him creative control. Though Anderson wanted to make a film, "intimate and small-scale", the script "kept blossoming"; the resulting film was the ensemble piece Magnolia, which tells the sto
American Gangster (film)
American Gangster is a 2007 American biographical crime film directed and produced by Ridley Scott and written by Steven Zaillian. The film is fictionally based on the criminal career of Frank Lucas, a gangster from La Grange, North Carolina who smuggled heroin into the United States on American service planes returning from the Vietnam War, before being detained by a task force led by detective Richie Roberts; the film stars Denzel Washington and Russell Crowe in their first lead acting roles together since 1995's Virtuosity. The film co-stars Ted Levine, John Ortiz, Josh Brolin, Chiwetel Ejiofor, Norman Reedus, Ruby Dee, Lymari Nadal and Cuba Gooding Jr. Development for the film began in 2000, when Universal Pictures and Imagine Entertainment purchased the rights to a New York magazine story about the rise and fall of Lucas. Two years screenwriter Steven Zaillian introduced a 170-page scriptment to Scott. Original production plans were to commence in Toronto for budget purposes; because of the film's rising budget Universal canceled production in 2004.
After negotiations with Terry George, it was revived with Scott at the helm in March 2005. Principal photography commenced over a period of five months from July to December 2006. American Gangster premiered in New York on October 20, 2007, was released in the United States and Canada on November 2; the film was well received by most film critics, grossed over US$266.5 million worldwide, with domestic grosses standing at $130.1 million. Many of the people portrayed, including Roberts and Lucas, have stated that the film took a lot of creative license with the story, three former DEA agents sued Universal claiming the agency's portrayal was demoralizing. American Gangster was nominated for twenty-one awards, including two Academy Award nominations for Best Art Direction and Best Supporting Actress, won three including a Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role for Dee. In 1968, Frank Lucas is the right-hand man of Harlem gangster Ellsworth "Bumpy" Johnson.
When Johnson dies of a heart attack, Lucas takes control of the Harlem crime scene. After handing in $1 million that he found in a mobster's car, Newark detective Richie Roberts is ostracized in his precinct. After his exiled and addicted partner overdoses on a potent brand of heroin called "Blue Magic", Captain Lou Toback puts Roberts in charge of a task force that targets local suppliers. Lucas buys Blue Magic directly from producers in Thailand and smuggles it into the U. S. through returning Vietnam War servicemen. His low overhead allows him to wholesale Blue Magic to most of the dealers in the New York area. With this monopoly, Lucas expands his control to nightclubs and prostitution, he buys a mansion for his mother and recruits his five brothers, including Huey and Turner, as lieutenants to spread his empire. During his rise to becoming Harlem's crime boss, Lucas falls in love with Eva, a Puerto Rican beauty queen; as Lucas' business prospers, he makes a point of operating and dressing with a modest conservatism both as a sign of strength and to avoid attracting police attention.
He stays away from the drugs to avoid making hard decisions under the influence. However, Lucas violates these principles when he attends the Fight of the Century with Eva, sporting gaudy clothes that were a present by Eva. Meanwhile, Lucas needs to deal with Lucchese mafia boss Dominic Cattano, who threatens to destroy Lucas' family unless he gets in on a deal, corrupt NYPD detectives led by Nick Trupo, who attempts to extort and blackmail him to give them a cut. Lucas must compete with local crime figure Nicky Barnes, a young gun trying to take over Harlem, diluting Lucas' Blue Magic and selling it under the same brand name. After the Fall of Saigon cuts off Lucas' supply, he is forced to rely on the other crime rings. Roberts' detectives witness Frank Lucas' cousin and driver shoot a woman and use the threat of a long sentence to get him to wear a wire; the gathered information allows Roberts and his task force to identify and search one of the last planes carrying Lucas' stock, discovering Blue Magic in the coffins of dead returning servicemen.
With this evidence they obtain a warrant to follow the drugs into Newark's projects and Lucas' heroin processing facility. In the ensuing shootout, Steve Lucas, Frank Lucas' young nephew who gave up a promising career for the New York Yankees to join Lucas' crime family, is killed. Meanwhile, whose prized Shelby Mustang Lucas had destroyed, his men break into Lucas' mansion to steal his emergency cash supply hidden under the doghouse, killing the dog; as Lucas gets ready to go after Trupo, his mother dissuades him from killing a cop, warning him that she and Eva will leave him if he does. Lucas is arrested. In the police station, Lucas is rebuffed. Lucas threatens Roberts' life, in which Lucas explains his hatred for police officers. Roberts offers Lucas a chance at a shorter jail sentence if he aids his investigation of dirty cops in the NYPD and Lucas duly provides Roberts with the names. In the end, three quarters of the New York DEA are arrested and convicted, a distraught Trupo commits suicide.
Roberts, having just passed the bar exam, defends Lucas as his first client. Lucas is sentenced
Quentin Jerome Tarantino is an American filmmaker and actor. His films are characterized by nonlinear storylines, satirical subject matter, an aestheticization of violence, extended scenes of dialogue, ensemble casts consisting of established and lesser-known performers, references to popular culture and a wide variety of other films, soundtracks containing songs and score pieces from the 1960s to the 1980s, features of neo-noir film, his career began in the late 1980s when he wrote and directed My Best Friend's Birthday, the screenplay of which formed the basis for True Romance. In the early 1990s, he began his career as an independent filmmaker with the release of Reservoir Dogs in 1992, funded by money from the sale of his script Natural Born Killers to Oliver Stone. Empire deemed Reservoir Dogs the "Greatest Independent Film of All Time", its popularity was boosted by his second film, Pulp Fiction, a black comedy crime film, a major success both among critics and audiences. For his next effort, Tarantino paid homage to the blaxploitation films of the 1970s with Jackie Brown, an adaptation of Elmore Leonard's novel Rum Punch.
Kill Bill, a stylized "revenge flick" in the cinematic traditions of Kung fu films, Japanese martial arts, Spaghetti Westerns and Italian horror, followed six years and was released as two films: Volume 1 in 2003 and Volume 2 in 2004. Tarantino next directed Death Proof in 2007, as part of a double feature with Robert Rodriguez, under the collective title Grindhouse, his long-postponed Inglourious Basterds, which tells an alternate history of Nazi Germany, was released in 2009 to positive reviews. After that came critically acclaimed Django Unchained, a Western film set in the Antebellum South, his eighth film, The Hateful Eight, was released in its roadshow version in 70 mm film format, with opening "overture" and halfway-point intermission. His ninth film, Once Upon a Time in Hollywood, is scheduled to be released in 2019; the film, set in Los Angeles in 1969, is his first based on true events. Tarantino's films have garnered both commercial success, he has received many industry awards, including two Academy Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, two BAFTA Awards and the Palme d'Or, has been nominated for an Emmy and a Grammy.
In 2005, he was included on the annual Time 100 list of the most influential people in the world. Filmmaker and historian Peter Bogdanovich has called him "the single most influential director of his generation". In December 2015, Tarantino received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contributions to the film industry. Tarantino was born on March 27, 1963, in Knoxville, the only child of Connie McHugh and Tony Tarantino, an actor and producer, his father is of Italian descent, his mother has Irish and Cherokee ancestry. Quentin was named for Burt Reynolds' character in the CBS series Gunsmoke. Tarantino's mother met his father during a trip to Los Angeles, where Tony was a law student and would-be entertainer, she married him soon after, to gain independence from her parents. After the divorce, Connie Tarantino left Los Angeles and moved to Knoxville, where her parents lived. In 1966, Tarantino and his mother moved back to Los Angeles. Tarantino's mother married musician Curtis Zastoupil soon after arriving in Los Angeles, the family moved to Torrance, a city in Los Angeles County's South Bay area.
Zastoupil encouraged Tarantino's love of movies, accompanied him to numerous film screenings. Tarantino's mother allowed him to see movies with adult content, such as Carnal Knowledge and Deliverance. After his mother divorced Zastoupil in 1973, received a misdiagnosis of Hodgkin's lymphoma, Tarantino was sent to live with his grandparents in Tennessee, he remained there less than a year before returning to California. At 14 years old, Tarantino wrote one of his earliest works, a screenplay called Captain Peachfuzz and the Anchovy Bandit, based on Hal Needham's 1977 film Smokey and the Bandit starring Burt Reynolds; the summer after his 15th birthday, Tarantino was grounded by his mother for shoplifting Elmore Leonard's novel The Switch from Kmart. He was allowed to leave only to attend the Torrance Community Theater, where he participated in such plays as Two Plus Two Makes Sex and Romeo and Juliet. At about 15, Tarantino dropped out of Narbonne High School in Los Angeles, he worked as an usher at a porn theater in Torrance, called the Pussycat Theatre.
Tarantino attended acting classes at the James Best Theatre Company, where he met several of his eventual collaborators. While at James Best, Tarantino met Craig Hamann, with whom he collaborated to produce My Best Friend's Birthday. Throughout the 1980s, Tarantino worked a number of jobs, he spent time as a recruiter in the aerospace industry, for five years, he worked at Video Archives, a video store in Manhattan Beach, California. Former Buffy the Vampire Slayer actor Danny Strong described Tarantino as "such a movie buff, he had so much knowledge of films that he would try to get people to watch cool movies."After Tarantino met Lawrence Bender at a Hollywood party, Bender encouraged him to write a screenplay. His first attempted script, which he described as a "straight 70s exploitation action movie" was never published and was abandoned soon after. Tarantino co-wrote and directed his first movie, My Best Friend's Birthday, in 1987; the final reel of the film was completely destroyed in a lab fire that occurred during editing, but its screenplay formed the basis for True Romance.
In 1986, Tarantino got his first Hollywood job, working with Roger Avary as production assistants on Dolph Lundgren's exercise video, Maximum Potentia
Benjamin Géza Affleck-Boldt is an American actor, director and screenwriter. His accolades include two Academy Awards, three Golden Globe Awards, two BAFTA Awards, two Screen Actors Guild Awards, he began his career as a child and starred in the PBS educational series The Voyage of the Mimi in 1984, before a second run in 1988. He appeared in the independent coming-of-age comedy Dazed and Confused and various Kevin Smith films, including Chasing Amy and Dogma. Affleck gained wider recognition when he and childhood friend Matt Damon won the Golden Globe and Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for writing Good Will Hunting, which they starred in, he established himself as a leading man in studio films, including the disaster drama Armageddon, the romantic comedy Forces of Nature, the war drama Pearl Harbor, the spy thriller The Sum of All Fears. After a career downturn, during which he appeared in Daredevil and Gigli, Affleck received a Golden Globe nomination for his performance in the noir biopic Hollywoodland.
His directorial debut, Gone Baby Gone, which he co-wrote, was well received. He directed, co-wrote, starred in the crime drama The Town. For the political thriller Argo, which he directed, co-produced, starred in, Affleck won the Golden Globe and BAFTA Award for Best Director, the Golden Globe, BAFTA, Academy Award for Best Picture, he starred in the psychological thriller Gone Girl in 2014. In 2016, Affleck began playing Batman in the DC Extended Universe, starred in the action thriller The Accountant, directed and acted in the gangster drama Live by Night. Affleck is the co-founder of the Eastern Congo Initiative, a grantmaking and advocacy-based nonprofit organization, he is a stalwart member of the Democratic Party. Affleck and Damon are co-owners of the production company Pearl Street Films, his younger brother is actor Casey Affleck, with whom he has worked on several films, including Good Will Hunting and Gone Baby Gone. Benjamin Géza Affleck-Boldt was born on August 1972, in Berkeley, California.
His family moved to Massachusetts when he was three, living in Falmouth, where his brother Casey was born, before settling in Cambridge. His mother, Christopher Anne "Chris", was a Harvard-educated elementary school teacher, his father, Timothy Byers "Tim" Affleck, was an aspiring playwright who made a living as a carpenter, auto mechanic, electrician and janitor at Harvard. In the mid-1960s, he had been an stage manager with the Theater Company of Boston. During Affleck's childhood, his father had a self-described "severe, chronic problem with alcoholism", Affleck has recalled him drinking "all day... every day". He and his younger brother attended Al-Anon support meetings from a young age, his parents divorced when he was 12, he and Casey lived with their mother. His father continued to drink, spent two years homeless; when Affleck was 16, his father moved to Indio, California, to enter a rehabilitation facility and, after gaining sobriety, he lived at the facility for many years while working as an addiction counselor.
Affleck was raised in a politically active, liberal household. He and his brother were surrounded by people who worked in the arts attended theater performances with their mother, were encouraged to make their own home movies; the brothers auditioned for roles in local commercials and film productions because of their mother's friendship with a Cambridge-area casting director, Affleck first acted professionally at the age of seven. His mother saved his wages in a college trust fund, hoped her son would become a teacher, worrying that acting was an insecure and "frivolous" profession. David Wheeler, a family friend, was Affleck's acting coach and described him as a "very bright and intensely curious" child; when Affleck was 13, he filmed a children's television program in Mexico and learned to speak Spanish during a year spent traveling around the country with his mother and brother. As a Cambridge Rindge and Latin high school student, Affleck acted in theater productions and was inspired by drama teacher Gerry Speca.
During this time he became close friends with Matt Damon. Although Damon was two years older, the two had "identical interests", traveled to New York together for acting auditions, they saved their acting earnings in a joint bank account to buy airline tickets. While Affleck had high SAT scores, he was an unfocused student with poor attendance, he spent a few months studying Spanish at the University of Vermont, chosen because of its proximity to his then-girlfriend, but left after fracturing his hip while playing basketball. At 18, Affleck moved to Los Angeles, studying Middle Eastern affairs at Occidental College for a year and a half. Affleck acted professionally throughout his childhood but, in his own words, "not in the sense that I had a mom that wanted to take me to Hollywood or a family that wanted to make money from me... I kind of chanced into something." He first appeared, at the age of seven, in a local independent film called Dark Side of the Street, directed by a family friend. His biggest success as a child actor was as the star of the PBS children's series The Voyage of the Mimi and The Second Voyage of the Mimi, produced for sixth-grade science classes.
Affleck worked "sporadically" on Mimi from the age of eight to fifteen in both Massachusetts and Mexico. As a teenager, he appeared in the ABC after school special Wanted: A Perfect Man, the television film Hands of a Stranger, a 1989 Burger King commercial. After high school, Affleck moved briefly