Greater Union Organisation Pty Ltd, trading as Event Cinemas, Greater Union, GU Filmhouse and Birch Carroll & Coyle, is Australia's leading cinema chain. Expansion into New Zealand and Fiji has aimed to increase international market share, under Australian parent company Event Hospitality and Entertainment; the Event Cinemas cinema chain has had a great impact on the Australian culture and film industry, has a history of mergers and acquisitions and liquidations that span over a century. From 1906 to 1911, during the silent era, Australia was the most prolific producer of feature films in the world, a period which included the creation of the first feature-length film The Kelly Gang; this creative and fertile period in Australian film history was created by competition between West's Pictures, Spencer's Pictures and Amalgamated Pictures. On 4 May 1912 the three joined to form The General Film Company of Australasia. On 4 January 1913 it merged with The Greater J. D. Williams Amusement Co and restructured to become The Combine, a famous partnership between exhibition wing Union Theatres and the production and distribution wing Australasian Films.
The Combine monopoly was influential on the early twentieth century Australian film industry. However, it came under heavy criticism for its low interest in producing Australian films, its preference for imported cinema, its reluctance to exhibit Australian films by other producers. Film icon and director Raymond Longford, whose independent production company had come under attack by the group, said in 1927 that "had it not been for the activities of that firm in its endeavour to crush it in its infancy, the local picture would now be 10 years at least advanced to the height now attained by the Americans." Historians have traced the sharp decline of the Australian film industry in 1913 to the repercussions of these series of takeovers and mergers. James Sabine has said that "the stranglehold of The Combine forced a decline in local production and contributed to many Australian production companies closing their doors." The Combine continued to grow into the 1920s during the genesis of the Hollywood era with its focus on exhibiting American films.
The Great Depression saw Union Theatres being liquidated in 1931 and its assets purchased by newly formed Greater Union Theatres. This new company split from Australasian Films, established the Hollywood-model subsidiary Cinesound Productions, expanded into radio and newspaper, kept its major focus on building and managing cinemas. Due to The Depression, Greater Union Theatres merged into the General Film Corporation with Hoyts, a competitor who had secured Fox Film as a shareholder. In 1937 Norman Rydge removed the company from the previous merger. In 1945 in the last year of World War II there was a box office boom and the British Rank Organisation purchased a half share in Greater Union Theatres. During this time Greater Union acquired the rights of ownership of many theatres across the country including what became the Phoenician Club in Broadway, Sydney in 1943 owned by McIntyre's Broadway Theatres and established as a cinema in 1911. In 1958 the four holding companies in the Greater Union Theatres group were merged into the Rydge family Amalgamated Holdings Limited, in 1965 Greater Union Theatres was renamed the Greater Union Organisation.
In 1980 billionaire Alan Rydge was appointed Chairman of AHL to become the youngest chairman of an Australian public company. In 1984 AHL regained control over the now defunct Rank Organisation's half share, meaning that it once again became Australian owned. In 1987 GUO merged with Village Roadshow to form the distribution company Roadshow Film Distributors. In 1991 GUO acquired Carroll & Coyle. In 2003 AHL and Village Roadshow combined to form Australian Theatres. Since 2009 a number of cinemas have been renamed from Greater Union Cinemas to Event Cinemas. On 22 December 2015 AHL was renamed Event Entertainment. Event Cinemas have over sixty cinema venues around Australia, many of which are located in large shopping centres; the cinema complexes comprise multiple screens. The below locations do not include sites that operate under the joint venture between Village Roadshow and Event Hospitality & Entertainment known as Australian Theatres. Australian Capital Territory ManukaNew South Wales Beverly Hills - trading as GU Filmhouse Blacktown - trading as Skyline Drive-In Bondi Junction Burwood Campbelltown Castle Hill Centennial Park - trading as Moonlight Cinema Sydney Coffs Harbour - trading as BCC Cinemas Cronulla - trading as GU Filmhouse Glendale Hornsby Hurstville Kotara Lismore Liverpool Macquarie Miranda Parramatta Shellharbour - trading as Greater Union Sydney CBD - colloquially known as George St Top Ryde City Tuggerah Wollongong - trading as Greater UnionNorthern Territory Casuarina - trading as BCC Cinemas PalmerstonQueensland Brisbane City Broadbeach - colloquially known as Pacific Fair Browns Plains Cairns Central Cairns Earlville - trading as BCC Cinemas Cairns Smithfield Capalaba - trading as BCC Cinemas Carindale Chermside Coolangatta - trading as BCC Cinemas Coomera Indooroopilly Ipswich - trading as BCC Cinemas Kawana Loganholme Mackay City - trading as BCC Cinemas Mackay Mount Pleasant - trading as BCC Cinemas Maroochydore - trading as BCC Cinemas Mt Gravatt - colloquially known as Garden City Morayfield - trading as BCC Cinemas Noosa - trading as BCC Cinemas North Lakes Robina Roma Street Parkland - trading as Moonlight Cinema Brisbane Rockhampton North - trading as BCC Cinemas Southport - colloquially known as Australia Fair Springfield Strathpine - trading as BCC Cinemas Toombul - trading as BCC Cinemas Toowoomba - trading as BCC Cinemas Grand Central Toowoomba - tra
ANZAC Square Arcade
ANZAC Square Arcade is a shopping centre in Brisbane, Australia. It is within the Anzac Square Building on the corner of Edward Street and Adelaide Street, adjacent to ANZAC Square from which it derives its name; the building is diagonally opposite QueensPlaza. ANZAC Square Arcade has a number of a dental surgery and a food court, it has access to Central Station, Queensland Rail City network timetables are displayed within the arcade
Woolworths Group (Australia)
Woolworths Group Limited is a major Australian company with extensive retail interest throughout Australia and New Zealand. It is the second largest company in Australia by revenue, after Perth-based retail-focused conglomerate Wesfarmers, the second largest in New Zealand. In addition, Woolworths Group is the largest takeaway liquor retailer in Australia, the largest hotel and gaming poker machine operator in Australia, was the 19th largest retailer in the world in 2008. Despite similar names, Woolworths Group has no affiliation with the F. W. Woolworth Company in the United States, the now-defunct Woolworths Group in the UK or the South African chain of retail stores, Woolworths Holdings Limited, its main operations include supermarkets, liquor retailing and pubs under the Australian Leisure and Hospitality Group umbrella, discount department stores under the Big W name in Australia. The company announced a loss of $1.235 billion for the 2016 financial year on 25 August 2016, the biggest in more than 20 years since it has been publicly listed on the ASX due to more than $2 billion in write-downs of the failed Masters business and losses in the Big W business.
Woolworths opened its first store, the Woolworths Stupendous Bargain Basement, in the old Imperial Arcade Pitt Street, where Westfield Sydney now stands, on 5 December 1924. Its nominal capital was just £185,000 and although 85,000 shares were offered to the public, only 81,707 shares were subscribed for by 619 people, including the five founders – Percy Christmas, Stanley Chatterton, Cecil Scott Waine, George Creed and Ernest Williams. One of the foundation investors was Preston Lanchester Gowing, the chairman of Gowings; the name on the draft prospectus drawn up by Cecil Scott Waine was "Wallworths Bazaar" – a play on the F. W. Woolworth name. Moreover, according to Ernest Robert Williams, Percy Christmas dared him to register the name Woolworths instead, which he succeeded in doing after finding out the name was available for use in New South Wales. Accordingly, Woolworths Ltd in Australia has no connection with the F. W. Woolworth Company in the United States, nor the Woolworths Group of UK.
It has no connection to the Woolworths Group in South Africa. The new Woolworths store was innovative. Christmas set up a New Zealand general merchandise operation in Wellington in 1929. Woolworths New Zealand opened its first food store in Auckland in 1956, supermarkets in 1971. Woolworths New Zealand was sold to the company, now Lion Nathan in 1979 sold to Dairy Farm International in 1990, now owned by Progressive Enterprises, a subsidiary of Foodland Associated Limited of Australia. In 2005 Woolworths Limited and Metcash Holdings agreed to purchase a demerged Foodland, Progressive Enterprises and 23 of Foodland's Action supermarkets came under Woolworths' ownership; this acquisition brought total store numbers in Australia to near 750. During the late 1920s, the company grew, with a second store in Sydney and stores in Brisbane and Perth, it grew further despite the depression, until by the end of 1933 it had 23 stores. In 1933 the first store in Melbourne was opened. On 1 April 1936 the company bought eight stores from Edments Ltd and opened its first store in Adelaide.
The original Imperial Arcade store was moved to larger premises in Her Majesty's Arcade, a short distance along Pitt Street near the Market Street corner. World War II slowed the growth of Woolworths and the Australian and United States military used Woolworths' warehouses in Sydney for storage. After the war expansion was rapid and in 1955 Woolworths opened its 200th store, in the Civic Centre in Canberra. At this point Woolworths was still a variety chain and had not moved into the food sector that uses the "Woolworths" brand today; this move began in 1955. The company bought the Rockmans chain of women's clothing stores in 1960. In the 1970s, the company started to open Big W discount department stores and the slow removal of many variety products from the supermarket and variety stores began; this process finished in 1989 when the last of the Woolworths Variety stores was closed and the "Family Centres" were split into separate Big W and Woolworths supermarket stores. Woolworths acquired the Dick Smith Electronics consumer electronics chain in 1981 and expanded the consumer electronics arm of its business with the purchase of the Tandy chain in Australia from InterTan Inc in 2001.
The company sold the Rockmans chain in 2000, the Dick Smith Electronics chain in 2012. In 1985, the acquisition of the 126 Safeway stores in eastern Australia made Woolworths the largest food retailer in Australia. Safeway stores were in Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland and included Food Barns in Queensland and northern New South Wales; the stores were acquired following an agreement whereby Safeway acquired a 19.99% interest in Woolworths Limited. Woolworths and Safeway supermarkets in Victoria traded under the Safeway brand, Safeway's Food Barns in Queensland and New South Wales became part of Woolworths. Around this time, the supermarket chain had run eight small supermarket chains including the Queensland-based Food For Less and the Sydney-based Flemings, both of which survive. In 1989, the company was acquired by Industrial Equity Limited, in turn one-third owned by The Adelaide Steamship Company, David Jones Limited and Tooth & Co, it was a wholly own
Indooroopilly Shopping Centre
Indooroopilly Shopping Centre is a major regional shopping centre in the western suburb of Indooroopilly in the City of Brisbane, Australia. It hosts over 360 specialty stores and is the largest shopping centre in the western suburbs of Brisbane, by gross lettable area, contains the only Myer store in that region; the centre was opened in 1970 by The Westfield Group. The entire area was first cleared of the residents and their homes Queenslander style houses. At its opening, it was reputedly the largest shopping mall in the Southern Hemisphere; this title has since been overtaken by newer centres. The centre has undergone extensive renovations since its opening; some of these include an 8 screen cinema complex operated by Birch Carroll and Coyle in 1987, the addition of a third level in 1995 and the extension and upgrade of the cinema complex into a 16 screen Megaplex in 1998. Until 2000, Indooroopilly Shopping Centre was known as Westfield Shoppingtown Indooroopilly. In 2000, The Westfield Group sold its 50% joint venture stake in the centre to Commonwealth Funds Management for $300 million.
CFM, through its management of the Commonwealth Property Fund, was the other partner in the joint venture, owning the other 50% stake and giving them full ownership of the centre as a result of the sale. In 2005, CPF sold 50 % of the centre to the Public Commonwealth Superannuation Schemes. Indooroopilly Shopping Centre is owned by Commonwealth Superannuation Corporation and is managed by Eureka Funds Management as Investment Manager. A $450 million redevelopment was completed in 2014 including a David Jones store, a revitalised Myer store, a new Coles supermarket to join Woolworths and a new outdoor dining precinct. 120 new specialty stores, including Australian and international fashion brands, were added taking the total number of specialty stores to 360. The centre introduced an advanced parking system in September 2015; the new parking system is ticketless relying on license plate recognition. As a part of the controlled parking initiative, a parking guidance system has been introduced using LED-based space indicators and electronic display boards to advise customers of available car parking spaces.
Indooroopilly Shopping Centre is home to a large number of retail shops and hosts many fashion stores. Majors include Coles, David Jones, Myer, H&M, Uniqlo and Woolworths. Indooroopilly Shopping Centre has a 16 screen Event cinemas and large food court at the southern end of the 3rd level, which includes a McDonald’s, a Subway, a KFC and a Chatime. CENTRE DIRECTORY https://www.indooroopillyshopping.com.au/media/files/Indooroopilly/1e/1ea5f5e1-8115-4f97-b22a-8e271f573319.pdf The shopping centre is well serviced by public and private transport. Indooroopilly Shopping Centre contains the bus interchange that acts as a hub for bus services in the western suburbs; the Indooroopilly railway station is located 400m downhill from the shopping centre. Extensive car parks, with access from all sides of the shopping centre provide convenient access for cars. Bicycle racks are provided around the entrances to the shopping centre; the centre's pedestrian access is via 3 direct entrances. Indooroopilly Shopping Centre contains an office tower, housing a number of professional suites, such as health-care and others.
The centre is home to the Indooroopilly branch of the Brisbane City Council Library and contains an Australia Post office. There are branches for Bupa and Medibank Private. Medical service include two three medical centres, two audiology clinics, a dentist and a podiatrist. Contained within the centre is the Indooroopilly Police Beat. 0-3 hours FREE* / 3-4 hours $3 / 4-5 hours $6 / 5-6 hours $9 / 6-7 hours $12 / 7-8 hours $15 / 8+ hours $20 / MAXIMUM DAILY RATE $20 First 3 hours free once per day. Spend $200 and receive all day free parking Free parking when you enter after 5pm every day. Rates re-commence at 4am. Disability parking permits: for free parking register at Customer Service Level 2. Cinema and Station Road Dining - First 4 hours free upon validation at normal rates apply after 4 hours. List of shopping centres in Australia Official Shopping Centre Website
Biggera Waters, Queensland
Biggera Waters is a suburb in City of Gold Coast, Australia. It is north of the suburb of Labrador. At the 2016 census, Biggera Waters had a population of 8,534 people, its namesake, Biggera Creek, flows through the suburb itself and past a point known locally as "Land's End" at the mouth of the creek where it enters the Broadwater. An article in the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia by F. J. Watson offers this translation:"Bigera from the red iron bark tree from the Yugambeh language." Subdivided in the late 19th century, the area was settled by several fishing and agricultural families including John Siganto, a local landowner, who built a residence named "Finis" at Land's End. A school reserve was created on Biggera Creek in 1889 on the corner of Hollywell Avenue and Coomabah Road but it wasn't until 27 January 1970 that the Biggera Waters State School opened. In 1937 construction started on 36 acres of scrub land to the north of Biggera Creek to build an aerodrome, it was considered suitable for both land and the sea planes which used the Broadwater but development of the site was halted due to World War Two.
After the end of the war the aerodrome was revisited but the site was no longer considered suitable and other options were discussed. Biggera Waters and surrounding regions experienced a period of growth in the 1950s and in 1953 18 acres of the aerodrome property, situated in the vicinity of Ocean and Stradbroke Streets, was sold for development. By 1954, the area developed by Mr. Oates north of Biggera Creek was known as Angler's Paradise. While there had been a crossing or bridge over the Biggera Creek for many years in the vicinity of Hollywell Road besides the school reserve, it wasn't until 1960, that a bridge was built across the mouth of the Biggera Creek at Land's End, opening up the northern side of the creek to greater residential development; the Harbour Town factory outlet mall on the Gold Coast is located on Brisbane Road at Biggera Waters on the site of the former Southport drive-in theatre. In the 2016 Census, there were 8,534 people in Biggera Waters. Of these 47.5% were male and 52.5% were female.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.3% of the population. The median age of the Biggera Waters population was 39 years, 1 years above the national median of 38. 56.5% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were New Zealand 8.5%, England 4.9% and China 3.6%. 73.0% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin at 3.9%. The most common responses for religion in Biggera Waters were No Religion 32.1%, Catholic 19.8% and Anglican 14.5%. List of Gold Coast suburbs University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Biggera Waters Heritage Tour - Biggera Waters Very GC - Biggera Waters
Logan Hyperdome Shopping Centre in Shailer Park, Queensland, is the largest shopping centre in Logan City and one of the largest single storey shopping centres in Australia. The Queensland Police Service operates. Logan City Council has a library at the far northern end of the Hyperdome and this is a separate, stand alone building; the Logan Hyperdome contains a food court with many outlets. Event Cinemas operate a cinema complex within the centre. Built after the closure and demolition of Wild Waters water park, the Hyperdome first opened in August 1989. Work at the site began in September 1988 and it was opened in July 1989, it received upgrades in May 1990, October 1997, December 1998, March 2005 and August 2015. The October 1997 upgrade was the largest upgrade when BI-LO Mega Frrresh was moved from its original location where the now-defunct Crazy Clark's is located and Big W was added along with around 50 specialty stores and a 2-storey carpark; the 2005 upgrade included upgrading the Event Cinemas to 12 and installing a bowling alley, another carpark and several restaurants and bars in the newly constructed piazza.
The 2015 upgrade cost $17 million and revamped the southern end of the shopping centre, creating a new area called The Market Room. This area features several fresh food restaurants; the Logan Hyperdome Library opened in 1998 with a major refurbishment in 2014. In addition, the Hyperdome Home Centre separated from the main Hyperdome mall area, it contains the Loganholme Bus Station located in Zone 2 for TransLink services. List of shopping malls in Australia Logan Hyperdome Official website
Toowong Village is a building situated at the centre of the Brisbane suburb of Toowong, Australia, on the block of land bounded by Coronation Drive, High Street and Sherwood Road. The blue glass office tower is a prominent landmark visible from surrounding suburbs. Opened in 1986, Toowong Village is an office shopping centre; the complex was built on the site of the former Patterson's sawmill and over the existing Toowong Railway station. There was some controversy over its development as the Queensland Government overrode the Brisbane town plan to permit its construction; the Brisbane City Council had refused to permit its construction because of concerns about traffic congestion in surrounding streets. The shopping centre is located on the lower floors of the office tower, includes the Toowong Post Office, the Toowong branch of the Brisbane City Library, photocopying facilities and medical centre; the shopping centre includes 86 specialty stores over an area of 31,000 square metres. There is a lift and travelators within the centre of Toowong Village.
The travelators allow patrons to take shopping trolleys down, or up, to other floors of the building, without requiring to use the lift. The Toowong Railway Station is located in the base of the building; the entry to the station is from the Gallery level of Toowong Village. Toowong Village is open to the public seven days a week. A food court including a Zambrero and a FantAsia Grill'd Nandos San Churro Guzman y Gomez A two-level David Jones department store Kmart Coles supermarket A range of the services are located in the complex including Australia Post, the council library and Railway Station etc. List of shopping centres in Australia Toowong Village official website An aerial view Toowong Village is visible on the right side of the photo